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Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
in the West Indies
of the Caribbean
in Antigua and Barbuda
the Cayman Islands
the Dominican Republic
the Virgin Islands
and the ABC islands of Aruba, Bonaire, and Curacao
Butterflies in the Caribbean exclusively in Trinidad & Tobago are not in this list.
Focus On Nature Tours in the Caribbean have been in: January, February, March, April, May, July, and December.
Upper right photo: a HISPANIOLAN KING, Anetia jaegeri, photographed during the FONT tour in the Dominican Republic in February 2012.
The genus is nearly entirely in West Indian islands, the species is nearly restricted to Hispaniola.
This list of Butterflies of the West Indies compiled by Armas Hill
Among the butterfly groupings in this list, links to:
the genera: Battus, Papilio, Parides
Whites, Yellows, Sulphurs: family PIERIDAE
Mimic-whites: subfamily DISMORPHIINAE with the genus: Dismorphia
Subfamily PIERINAE with the genera: Ascia, Ganyra, Glutophrissa, Melete
Subfamily COLIADINAE with the genera: Abaeis, Anteos, Aphrissa, Eurema, Kricogonia, Nathalis, Phoebis, Pyrisitia, Zerene
Gossamer Wings: family LYCAENIDAE
Hairstreaks: subfamily THECLINAE with the genera: Allosmaitia, Calycopis, Chlorostrymon, Cyanophrys, Electrostrymon, Eumaeus, Ministrymon, Nesiostrymon, Pseudolycaena, Rekoa, Strymon, Terra
Blues: subfamily POLYOMMATINAE with the genera: Brephidium, Cyclargus, Hemiargus, Leptotes, Pseudochrysops
Metalmarks: family RIODINIDAE with the genus: Theope
Snouts: subfamily LIBYTHEINAE with the genus: Libytheana
Leaf Butterflies: subfamily CHARAXINAE, Tribe ANAEINI with the genera: Anaea, Fountainea, Hypna, Memphis, Siderone
Subfamily CHARAXINAE, Tribe PREPONII with the genus: Archaeoprepona
Subfamily BIBLIDINAE, Tribe BIBLIDINAE with the genera: Archimestra, Biblis, Lucinia, Mestra
Crackers: subfamily BIBLIDINAE, Tribe AGERONIINI with the genus: Hamadryas
subfamily BIBLIDINAE, Tribe EPICALLINI with
the genus: Eunica
Sailors: subfamily BIBLIDINAE, Tribe EUBAGINI with the genus: Dynamine
subfamily LIMENITIDINAE, Tribe LIMENITIDINI with
the genus: Adelpha
Emperors: subfamily APATURINAE with the genera: Doxocopa, Asterocampa
subfamily CYRESTINAE with
the genus: Marpesia
Beauties: subfamily NYMPHALINAE, Tribe NYMPHALINI with the genus: Colobura
Cecropian: subfamily NYMPHALINAE, Tribe COEINI with the genus: Historis
Malachite, Peacocks: subfamily NYMPHALINAE, Tribe VICTORININI with the genera: Anartia, Siproeta
Mimic: subfamily NYMPHALINAE, Tribe JUNONIINI with
the genera: Junonia, Hypolimnas
Lady Butterflies, Mapwing: subfamily NYMPHALINAE, Tribe NYMPHALINI with the genera: Hypanartia, Vanessa
Patches, Checkerspots, Crescents: subfamily NYMPHALINAE, Tribe MELITAEINI with the genera: Athanassa, Antillea, Atlantea, Chlosyne, Phyciodes
Longwings: subfamily HELICONIINAE, Tribe HELICONIINI with the genera: Agraulis, Dione, Dryas, Eueides, Heliconius
Fritillaries: subfamily HELICONIINAE, Tribe ARGYNNINI with the genus: Euptoieta
with the genus: Greta
Milkweed Butterflies: subfamily DANAIDAE with the genera: Anetia, Danaus, Lycorea
Satyrs, or Ringlets: family or subfamily SATYRIDAE with the genus: Calisto
Subfamily EUDAMINAE with the genera: Aguna, Astraptes, Chioides, Epargyreus, Phocides, Polygonus, Polythrix, Proteides, Urbanus
Open-winged Skippers: subfamily PYRGINAE with the genera: Achlyodes, Anastrus, Burca, Cabares, Chiomara, Ephyriades, Erynnis, Gesta, Grais, Heliopetes, Pyrgus, Timochares, Zopyrion
(or Grass) Skippers:
Subfamily HESPERIINAE with
the genera: Argon, Asbolis, Atalopedes, Calpodes, Choraqnthus, Copaeodes,
Cymaenes, Euphyes, Hesperia, Holguina, Hylephila, Lerodea, Nyctelius, Oarisma,
Panoquina, Parachoranthus, Paratrytone, Perichares, Polites, Pyrrhocalles,
Pyrrhopygopsis, Rhinthon, Saliana, Synapte, Troyus, Wallengrenia
And a link here to: MOTHS IN THE WEST INDIES OF THE CARIBBEAN
Codes in the following list relating to illustrations in various books:
Numbers noted as (C:xx) refer to pages in "A World of Butterflies", with text by Brian Cassie, and photographs (superb) by Kjell Sandved
Numbers noted as (DV1:xx) refer to plates in "The Butterflies of Costa Rica and their Natural History (Volume 1): Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae", by Philip J. DeVries
Numbers noted as (F:xx) refer to pages in "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Butterflies", by Dr. John Feltwell
Numbers noted as (K:xx) refer to pages in the "Kaufman Focus Guide to Butterflies of North America", by Jim Brock & Kenn Kaufman
Numbers noted as (PE:xx) refer to plates in the "Peterson Field Guide to Eastern Butterflies", by Paul Opler & Vichai Malikul, 1998 edition. Those noted as (PEp:xx) refer to a page with a photograph.
Numbers noted as (PW:xx) refer to plates in the "Peterson Field Guide to Western Butterflies", by Paul Opler & illustrated by Amy Bartlett Wright, 1999 edition. Those noted as (PWp:xx) refer to a page with a photograph.
Numbers noted as (S:xx) refer to pages in the "Smithsonian Handbook, Butterflies & Moths", by David Carter
(ph): species with a photo in the FONT website
Island (or Country) Codes:
ABC: Aruba (A), Bonaire (B), Curacao (C)
On this relatively small Caribbean island, largely cleared for sugar cane planting by the end of the 17th Century, there are 24 butterfly species.
CY: the Cayman Islands
DR: the Dominican Republic
On the Greater Antillean island of Hispaniola there are 151 known species of butterflies, of which 41 are endemic. Largely, this is the result of a luxuriant radiation of Calisto, a genus of Satyrids.
PR: Puerto Rico
SL: Saint Lucia
SV: Saint Vincent
VI: Virgin Islands
BUTTERFLIES OBSERVED DURING FONT TOURS ARE NOTED BY AN (*) AFTER THE 2-LETTER CODE.
Worldwide, there are over 180,000 described species of butterflies & moths (in the order Lepidoptera).
In this list, of those in the West Indies of the Caribbean, over 200 species are included.
Some subspecies are noted.
Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours: in the Caribbean
or by month in: 2015 2016 or: by geographic location worldwide
Lists & Photo Galleries of Birds, including those during FONT Tours in the Caribbean
Lists & Photo Galleries of Mammals, relating to FONT Tours in the Caribbean
Lists of Photo Galleries of Amphibians & Reptiles, including those during FONT Tours in the Caribbean
Lists & Photo Galleries of Marine Life, including fish, corals, jellyfish, mollusks (shells), arthropods (crustaceans & echinoderms) in the Caribbean
Other Lists & Photo Galleries of Butterflies & Moths Elsewhere
Alphabetical Directory of Butterflies by Genus with Photos in the FONT Website
of Photos in this Website
The Gulf Fritillary in the Caribbean is called the Silver-spotted Flambeau.
(photo by Howard Eskin)
Zebra Heliconians roost in groups.
(photo by Doug Johnson)
SOME COMMENTARY REGARDING BUTTERFLY IDENTIFICATION:
"Get a guidebook, take a few years, and
you'll still make mistakes. Butterfly identification has an initial, deceptive
Individuals in a species vary naturally, an eyespot slightly larger, a color brighter.
Males and females of a species can be strikingly dissimilar.
So can genetic morphs or forms within a gender.
In a single species, butterflies that live in a range of habitat can vary in appearance and produce different populations or geographical races, each better adapted to its environment.
Species can also produce generations of distinct morphs in the same place at different times of the year.
One Tiger Swallowtail is black. On the same
flower, another Tiger Swallowtail is yellow.
Another species produces red butterflies in the wet season and blue in the dry. A species darkens in response to air pollution.
A species gains an eyespot. A species lose one."
The above commentary taken from the book, "An Obsession with Butterflies", by Sharman Apt Russell (a wonderful read).
List of Butterflies:
Family PAPILIONIDAE: SWALLOWTAILS (and
There are totally about 700 known species of Swallowtails.
Genus BATTUS: PIPEVINE SWALLOWTAILS: Totally 15 species
Some selected reference books regarding Butterflies & Moths of the Caribbean
(in addition to those noted at the beginning of the list):
"Butterflies of the Caribbean & Florida", by Peter D. Stiling
"Butterflies & Other Insects of the Eastern Caribbean", by Peter D. Stiling
"Butterflies of the Cayman Islands", by R.R. Askew & P.A. van B. Stafford (an excellent, informative book, published in 2008)
"The Butterflies of Hispaniola", by Albert Schwartz, 1989 (a thorough, informative book)
"The Hawkmoths of the World", by Kitching & Cadiou, 2000
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