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Canary Islands

during the 
Focus On Nature Tour
in June 2009


June 26-30

List compiled by Armas Hill, 
leader of the tour. 

this species was seen during our Jun '09 tour,
early in the morning at about dawn, on land at a nesting site.  

Spanish bird names follow English names in the first line.
Scientific names in the second line.


Birds found during the tour on the following islands:

FV:  Fuerteventura
LZ:  Lanzarote
TE:  Tenerife

(t): a globally threatened or rare species.
  (t1): critical
  (t2): endangered
  (t3): vulnerable
(nt): near-threatened species
(cd): conservation dependent species
(Ee): endangered in Europe
(Ev): vulnerable in Europe

(Er): rare in Europe
(Ed): has declined in Europe
(El): localized in Europe
All of above designations by Birdlife International.

(i): an introduced species



Upcoming Birding & Nature Tours in Spain & the Canary Islands


  1. Barbary Partridge  (Perdiz Moruna)  (Ee)  ______ LZ
    Alectoris barbara koenigi

  2. Ruddy Shelduck  ______  FV
    Tadorna ferruginea

  3. Cory's Shearwater  (Pardela Cenicienta)  (Ev) ______  FV,LZ,TE
    Calonectris diomedea borealis  

    The Cory's Shearwater is the most abundant shearwater of the Canary Islands. It is migratory, arriving in February, and leaving October/November. Seen at sea or from coasts. 
    During our June 2009 tour, we saw many from the ferry, late in the day, between the islands of Fuerteventura and Lanzarote.    

  4. Bulwer's Petrel  (Petrel de Bulwer)  (Ev) ______  LZ
    Bulweria b. bulwerii

    Among other places in the Canary Islands, the Bulwer's Petrel breeds at the far north end of the island of Lanzarote, and on islets in that area offshore. The breeding season is from May thru August/September. Birds by the colonies can be difficult to detect as they generally do not concentrate there before darkness. 
    During our June '09 tour, we saw one in flight, over land, at about dawn.

  5. Western Cattle Egret  (Garcilla Bueyera)  ______  LZ
    Bubulcus ibis 
    (now monotypic)

    The Eastern Cattle Egret, Bubulcus coromandus, occurs in southern and eastern Asia,

  6. Northern Gannet  (Alcatraz Comun)  (El)  ______  TE
    Morus bassena
    (formerly Sula bassena)  (monotypic)

  7. Barbary Falcon  (Halcon de berberia)  (Er) ______ TE
    Falco p. pelegrinoides

    The Barbary Falcon is the rarest bird of prey in the Canaries, with only about a few pairs. It inhabits coastal cliffs, where it feeds on Rock Doves. It occurs (or has occurred) on Tenerife, La Gomera, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, and its adjacent islets. 
    Watching these birds flying so quickly by the cliffs, above the sea, has been a thrill for us during all of our FONT tours in the Canaries!  

  8. Eleonora's Falcon  (Falcon de Eleonora)  (Er) ______  LZ
    Falco eleonorae  (monotypic)

  9. Common Kestrel  (Cernicalo vulgar (Ed)  ______  LZ,TE
    Falco tinnunculus canariensis  (in western Canary Is., endemic)
    Falco tinnunculus dacotiae 
    (in eastern Canary Is. inc. Fuerteventura, endemic)

  10. Osprey  (Aguila Pescadora) (Er)  ______  LZ
    Pandion h. haliaetus

  11. Egyptian Vulture  (Alimoche)  (Ee) ______  FV
    Neophron p. percnopterus

    The Egyptian Vulture, or "Alimoche" has declined considerably in the Canaries in recent years, during which time it has disappeared from La Gomera, Tenerife, and Gran Canaria. The decrease of the population may be attributed to the general reduction of livestock (and therefore dead livestock), and an increased use of pesticides. 
    The species can be found on Fuerteventura, where we saw it during our June '09 tour, and on Lanzarote, and the islets of Alegranza and Montana Clara. Outside the breeding season, the birds leave the Canaries for Africa. 

  12. Eurasian Sparrowhawk  (Gavilan)  ______  TE
    Accipiter nisus granti  (in Canary Islands, an endemic subspecies) 

    The Eurasian Sparrowhawk is a scarce inhabitant of the Canaries, in laurel forests and pine woods of Tenerife, La Palma, La Gomera, and El Hierro.

  13. Common Buzzard  (Ratonero Comun)  ______  FV,TE
    Buteo buteo insularum  (in Canary Islands, an endemic subspecies)

    The Common Buzzard is the second most common raptor on the Canaries (after the Kestrel). It is a year-round resident. Its population in the islands probably does not exceed 400 pairs. Found on all islands except Lanzarote. 

  14. Houbara Bustard  (Hubara)  (nt) (Ee)  ______  LZ
    Chamydotis undulata fuertaventurae 
    (an endemic subspecies on a single island in the Canaries; the other subspecies in North Africa) 

    The MacQueen's Bustard of southern Asia was formerly considered conspecific with the Houbara Bustard. 

    It is an endemic, distinctive subspecies of the Houbara Bustard that we've seen during our tours in the Canaries.
    The bird occurs on dry, eastern Canarian islands, in arid desert and stony plain habitats. Its population is estimated at about 240 birds on Fuerteventura and a few more than that on Lanzarote. During recent years, on both islands, is numbers have declined. It was recorded, in the past, on Gran Canaria.

    Birds in the Canary Islands are slightly smaller than those of the North African race (C. u. undulata), with upperparts much darker and dark areas of the wings blacker.
    Throughout its entire range, the species has declined over the years.
    It was as early as 1402 that Houbara Bustards were known to be on Fuerteventura. At that time, it is said that the island was not as arid as it is today. Therefore it's possible that bustard-habitat on Fuerteventura (although limited on the island) may have increased since that time, about 600 years ago.

    The preferred habitats of the Houbara Bustard on Fuerteventura and Lanzarote are arid gravelly plains and areas with low sand dunes where shrubby vegetation can provide cover and food.

    Throughout its known history on Fuerteventura, the shy Houbara Bustard has suffered under various pressures. 
    It was written in 1905 that during a single season over a hundred bustard eggs were purchased (representing at least 35 nests).
    In 1963, the most-eminent ornithologist of the Canaries, Mr. D. A. Bannerman, considered the bird to be nearly extinct on the islands.
    Recently, there have been some positive factors: the decrease in human rural population and an improved protection of both the bird and its areas of occurrence. 

    Male Houbara Bustards defend display areas on territories usually about 500 to 1,000 meters apart. Both sexes tend to be solitary in the breeding season, meeting only to mate. In the Canaries, eggs are laid from January (rarely December) to April. The fledgling period is about 35 days. The young are said to stay with adult females until at least autumn. 
    Males are probably polygamous, taking no part in the rearing of the young. Males, however, do have a dramatic display behavior, that's quite the sight for those lucky to observe it

  15. Eurasian Stone Curlew  (Alcaravan)  (Ev)  ______  LZ
    Burhinus oedicnemus insularum 

    Two subspecies of the Eurasian Stone Curlew occur in the Canary Islands. 
    During our June '09 tour,  we saw B. o. insularum which occurs on the eastern Canary Islands of Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, and adjacent islets.
    The bird is found mainly on dry open terrain. It tends to be most active, and vocal, at dusk and after dark.

  16. Eurasian Oystercatcher  (Ostero)  ______  LZ
    Haematopus o. ostralegus

  17. Black-winged Stilt  (Giguenuela)  ______  FV,LZ
    Himantopus h. himantopus

  18. Kentish Plover  (Chorlitejo Patinegro)  (Ed)  ______  LZ
    Charadrius a. alexandrinus 

  19. Cream-colored Courser  (Corredor)  (Ev)  ______  FV
    Cursorius cursor bannermani 
    (this subspecies of the Canary Islands now said to be merged into the widespread Cursorius c. cursor)

    The Cream-colored Courser occurs mostly in Africa, but there is a population in the Canary Islands. The species occurs in dry habitats across northern Africa, from Morocco east, and beyond, further east, in Arabia and northwest India. 

    Birds in eastern and southern Africa have been said to be this same species, but now that population is considered as another species called Burchell's Courser.

    In the Canaries, the Cream-colored Courser occurs on Fuerteventura and Lanzarote in desert and semi-desert areas. It is relatively common only on Fuerteventura in the proper habitat, where during our June '09 tour we saw 2 adults with their 2 nearly-grown young.     

  20. Yellow-legged Gull  (Gaviota patiamarilla)  ______  FV,LZ,TE
    Larus michahellis atlantis  (subspecies in Canary Islands) 

    The Yellow-legged Gull is a very common and obvious bird in the Canaries. As with many species of gulls, there's been a dramatic population increase in recent years. It occurs on all Canarian islands, and generally nests on coastal cliffs and islets. 

  21. Rock Pigeon  (Paloma Livia)  ______ FV,LZ,TE
    Columba l. canariensis   (in Canary Is., an endemic subspecies)

    Not all the Rock Doves in the Canaries are feral pigeons. A number of them are "wild" birds, an endemic subspecies. In total, there are 14 subspecies throughout the bird's wild range, which is in western Europe, the Macaronesian islands of the Atlantic, parts of Africa, and parts of Asia.
    In the Canaries, native Rock Doves breed on coastal cliffs and the walls of gorges.    

  22. Eurasian Collared Dove  (Tortola Turca)  ______ FV,LZ
    Streptopelia d. decaocto

    The Eurasian Collared Dove is a recent arrival (apparently on its own) in the Canaries. The bird has, during recent decades, made a westward spread across Europe from the east.    

  23. African Collared Dove  ______  FV,LZ
    Streptopelia roseogrisea

  24. European Turtle Dove  (Tortola Comun)  (Ed)  ______  FV,LZ,TE
    Streptopelia t. turtur

    European Turtle Doves
    in the Canaries are breeders, present only in the summer. They spend the winter in Africa, after departing the Canaries during October and November. When present, the species occurs throughout the Canarian archipelago.     

  25. Bolle's Pigeon  (Paloma Turque)  (nt) (Ev)  ______  TE 
    Columba bolli 

    Columba bolli
    has also been called Dark-tailed Laurel Pigeon. It is endemic to the western Canary Islands: Tenerife, Gomera, and La Palma. 

    The Bolle's Pigeon, like the Laurel Pigeon (below) also in the Canaries (and the Long-toed Pigeon of the Madeira Islands), is an interesting endemism. 
    This pigeon, and the other two, are restricted to laurel forests, and considered relics of the Tertiary Period (that is the beginning of the Cenozoic Era, which is the beginning of the Age of Mammals, following the Mesozoic Era, the Age of Reptiles). 

    The Bolle's Pigeon is in the laurel forests of Tenerife, La Gomera, and La Palma. There is also a small population on El Hierro, but nesting has not yet been confirmed there. Formerly, the bird was on Gran Canaria, but it disappeared on that island as the laurel forest did.
    The population of the species has recently been estimated as approximately 1,700 individuals. However, in actuality, the true population size is not really well known. There was a study of the numbers in the early 1980s, when it was thought that 350 to 400 birds existed on Tenerife (mostly in the Anaga Mountains), and that 550 to 600 birds were on La Gomera, and 250 to 300 on La Palma. The sum of those estimates, by island, is somewhat less than the supposed 1,700. That figure came about, at least partly, from a recent survey determining that 1,000 individuals are in the Garrajonay National Park on La Gomera.

    The range of the Bolle's Pigeon on the islands, and the population, have been reduced substantially since the 19th Century - for example, on Tenerife, to about 35 to 40 per cent of the original range. The species is now considered globally threatened.

    The Bolle's Pigeon, as would be expected, is frugivorous, eating fruits of laurel forest trees. The breeding season is long. Occupied nests have been found in nearly every month of the year. The clutch is invariably one egg only.

  26. Laurel Pigeon  (Paloma Rabiche)  (t3) (Ev)  ______  TE 
    Columba junoniae 

    Columba junoniae
    has been called White-tailed Laurel Pigeon. It is endemic to the western Canary Islands: Tenerife, Gomera, and La Palma.

    As is the Bolle's Pigeon, the Laurel Pigeon is a relic of the Tertiary Period, that is endemic to the Canary Islands (Tenerife, La Gomera, and la Palma), and restricted to laurel forests. 
    It is slightly more rare than the Bolle's Pigeon (although both are considered globally threatened by Birdlife International).

    The Laurel Pigeon most typically occurs in areas of mature laurel forest with rocky gorges, steep slopes, and large escarpments.
    The population has been estimated as ranging from 1,200 to 1,500 birds. Most of these (1,000 to 1,200) are on La Palma, with 120 to 160 in central La Gomera, and 80 to 120 on Tenerife. Some of these figures, however, may need revision, particularly relating to Tenerife, where the species was not recorded until the beginning of the 1970s. (Was it overlooked there?) 
    We've seen both the Laurel Pigeon and the Bolle's Pigeon during FONT tours on Tenerife.

    There was a substantial reduction of laurel forest in the Canary Islands during the last 500 years. The population of the Laurel Pigeon, after a major decline, appears, however, to have been stable during the period from 1970 to 1990. It must be stated, though, that there's insufficient quantitative data to confirm this.
    The nest of this species is on the ground (on the negative side, enabling predation by rats and cats). The nests, on the positive side, are usually either on ledges or crevices (sometimes quite hard to reach), or beneath trunks or stones in the interior of the forest.
    The diet, in addition to fruit, includes buds and flower shoots of the laurel forest trees.
    A certain threat to the species, in addition to habitat destruction, over the years, has been hunting.          
  27. Barn Owl  (Lechuza Comun)  (Ed)  ______   LZ
    Tyto a. gracilirostris 

    In the eastern Canary Islands (Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, and islets), a dark subspecies of the Barn Owl occurs, T. a. gracilirostris, which is endemic to those islands. That bird may be a species separate from the Barn Owl.      

  28. Common Swift  (Vencejo Comun)  ______  LZ
    Apus a. apus

  29. Pallid Swift  (Vencejo Palido)  ______  TE
    Apus pallidus brehmorum 
    (subspecies in Spain and Canary Is.)

    The Pallid Swift has not been well known on the Canaries. Some breed in lower zones throughout the islands. Apparently, Pallid Swifts leave the islands after breeding. 
    The subspecies in the Canaries also occurs in southwestern Europe and the Sahara.  

  30. Plain Swift  (Vencejo Unicolor)  ______  TE  (a Macaronesian endemic breeder)
    Apus unicolor 

    The Plain, or Unicolored, Swift is a species that's endemic (as a nester) to the Canary and Madeira Islands. Flocks of these "andorinas", as they're locally called, are a common sight on the islands. They nest on cliffs and buildings.
    Most leave the islands after breeding. (They have been found in winter along the coast of Morocco.) 
    Some stay throughout the year in the Canaries.   

  31. Eurasian Hoopoe  (Abubilla)  ______  FV,LZ
    Upupa e. epops

  32. Great Spotted Woodpecker  (Pico Picapinos)  ______  TE
    Dendrocopos major  
    (a subspecies endemic to the Canary Islands, occurring on Tenerife) 

  33. Lesser Short-toed Lark  (Terrera Marismena)  (Ev)  ______ FV,TE
    Calandrella rufescens polatzeki  (subspecies in Canary Is., endemic)

    The Lesser Short-toed Lark is common only on the dry islands of Fuerteventura and Lanzarote, where the subspecies is endemic.
    On Tenerife, however, there appears to be two subspecies: the aforementioned in dry habitat, and C. r. rufescens in moist habitat. On that island (Tenerife), the two subspecies do not occur together - one northerly (where humid), and one southerly (where dry). 

  34. Barn Swallow  (Golondrina Comun)  ______  LZ
    Hirundo r. rustica

    The Swallow (as its known in Europe) is a common migrant (in season) in the Canaries.

  35. Berthelot's Pipit  (Bisbita Caminero)  ______  FV,LZ,TE  (a Macaronesian endemic)
    Anthus b. berthelotii

    The Berthelot's Pipit, a Macaronesian endemic, is common in open habitats, from sea level to high altitudes. It is on all of the Canary Islands, and it is the only resident pipit.    

  36. Grey Wagtail  (Lavandera Cascadena)  ______  TE
    Motacilla cinerea canariensis  (in Canary Is., an endemic subspecies)

    The Grey Wagtail on the Canary Islands is an endemic subspecies to the islands: Tenerife, Gran Canaria, La Gomera, and La Palma. It is found where there's fresh water. It favors ravines.   

  37. Canary Islands Bush Chat   (Tarabilla Canaria)  (nt) (Ev)  ______  FV 
    Saxicola d. dacotiae

    (Another endemic subspecies of Canarian islets, A. d. murielae, is now extinct.

    Saxicola dacotiae
    has also been called the Fuerteventura Chat or Canarian Chat. It is endemic to the Canary Islands.

    The Canary Islands Bush Chat is endemic to just one island, Fuerteventura, where it occurs mostly in just one part of the island, the northern portion. It is usually in areas of ravines and rocky slopes.
    The other subspecies, currently extinct, was on the islets of Alegranza and Montana Clara.    

  38. European Robin  (Petirrojo)  ______  TE
    Erithacus rubecula superbus  (in Canary Is., an endemic subspecies)

    The endemic subspecies of the European Robin is on the Canarian islands of Tenerife and Gran Canaria.  
    The European Robin on the Canaries lives mainly in woodlands, including pine groves, and in cultivated areas.    

  39. Common Blackbird  (Mirlo Comun)  ______  TE
    Turdus m. merula
    Turdus merula cabrerae 
    (in the Canary Is., a Macaronesian endemic subspecies)

    The subspecies of the Common Blackbird, T. m. cabrerae, is endemic to the Madeira and Canary Islands. In the Canaries, it occurs on the western and central islands in wooded and cultivated areas. 

  40. Eurasian Blackcap  (Curruca Capirotada)  ______ TE
    Sylvia atricapilla obscura  (in Canary Is., an endemic subspecies)

    The endemic subspecies of the Eurasian Blackcap in the Canaries is in scrub, brambles, and cultivated areas. It is found on Tenerife, Gran Canaria, La Gomera, El Hierro, and La Palma, throughout the year.  

  41. Sardinian Warbler  (Curruca Cabecinegra)  ______ LZ
    Sylvia melanocephala leucogastra 
    (in Canary Is., an endemic subspecies; 1 of 2 subspecies there)

    The endemic subspecies of the Sardinian Warbler on the Canaries is found in scrub, brambles, and cultivated areas (as is the Blackcap), and in various dry habitats (as is the Spectacled Warbler). It is distributed on all of the Canarian islands. 

  42. Spectacled Warbler  (Curruca Tomillera)  ______ LZ
    Sylvia conspicillata orbitalis 
    (in Canary Is., a Macaronesian endemic subspecies)

    The subspecies of the Spectacled Warbler on the Canary Islands also occurs on the more-southerly Cape Verde Islands. In the Canaries, on all islands, it is generally in dry zones with low vegetation.    

  43. Canary Islands Chiffchaff  (Mosquitero Canaria)  ______  TE  
    Phylloscopus c. canariensis 
    (the other Canarian subspecies extinct since the beginning of the 20th Century)

    The Canary Islands Chiffchaff, endemic to the Canary Islands, was considered conspecific with the Common Chiffchaff.

    The subspecies of the Canary Islands Chiffchaff, P. c. canariensis, occurs on Tenerife and other islands from Gran Canaria westward.
    Another subspecies, P. c. exsul, was recorded on the eastern Canary Island, Lanzarote, in the Valle de Haria, but apparently it has been extinct since the early 1900s. 
    The subspecies that still exists of the Canarian endemic is common on the western islands, where it is widely distributed in various habitats. 
    As noted above, it was formerly considered conspecific with (that is, it was a subspecies of) the Common Chiffchaff of Europe, Phylloscopus collybita. That bird occurs in the Canary Islands as a migrant and a winter visitor.        

  44. "Canary Islands Goldcrest"  (Reyezuelo Tenerife)  ______  TE  (subspecies endemic to the western Canary Is.)
    Regulus (regulus) teneriffae  

    The "Canary Islands Goldcrest" has also been called the "Tenerife Kinglet" or "Canarian Kinglet".

    The "Canary Islands Goldcrest" is now (again) considered a subspecies of the Goldcrest (the smallest European bird). 
    It inhabits forests on Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma, and El Hierro. 

  45. African Blue Tit  (Herrerillo Comun)  ______  TE
    Cyanistes ultramarinus teneriffae 
    (formerly Parus ultramarinus teneriffae(in the central Canary Is. inc. Tenerife, this is a subspecies endemic to that area) 

    The range of the African Blue Tit, split from the European Blue Tit, is only in northwest Africa and the Canary Islands.

    The African Blue Tit has differentiated into the most races (or subspecies) of any Canarian bird: 4.
    C. u. teneriffe is on Tenerife, Gran Canaria, and La Gomera.
    C. u. ombriosus is only on El Hierro.
    C. u. palmensis is only on La Palma.
    C. u. degener is on the dry, eastern islands of Fuerteventura and Lanzarote.
    On each of these island, these birds occupy a variety of habitats.
  46. Southern Grey Shrike  (Alcaudon Real)  (Ed)  ______  FV,LZ   
    Lanius meridionalis koenigi 
    (in Canary Is., an endemic subspecies)

    The Southern Grey Shrike was formerly conspecific with the Great Grey Shrike, as it's called in the Old World. 
    In North America, the Great Grey Shrike has been called Northern Shrike.  

    The Southern Grey Shrike ranges in Spain, Africa, Arabia, India, and elsewhere in south-central Asia. (In the last of these areas, it is referred to as the "Steppe Shrike".)       

  47. Northern Raven  (Cuervo)  ______  FV,LZ,TE
    Corvus corax tingitanus 
    (a rare subspecies in the Canary Is.)

    The subspecies of the Northern Raven in the Canaries also occurs in northern Africa. The bird is scarce to uncommon in the Canaries, having declined in recent years.  

  48. Common Starling  ______  TE
    Sturnus v. vulgaris   

  49. Spanish Sparrow  (Gorrion moruno)  ______  FV,LZ,TE
    Passer h. hispaniolensis

    The Spanish Sparrow is a relatively recent immigrant (on its own) to the Canaries, having spread from the eastern islands west to El Hierro during the last two centuries. It is found in cities, towns, gardens, and parks. 

  50. Common Chaffinch  (Pinzon vulgar)  ______  TE
    Fringilla coelebs canariensis (formerly F. c. tintillon)  (in Canary Is., an endemic subspecies)

    There are 3 distinctive subspecies of the Common Chaffinch in the Canaries: 
    F. c. canariensis on Tenerife, La Gomera, and Gran Canaria,
    F. c. palmae on La Palma, and
    F. c. ombriosa on El Hierro.
    Each is found in woodland habitats. 

  51. Blue Chaffinch  (Pinzon azul)  (cd) (Ev)  ______  TE   
    Fringilla t. teydea  (1 of 2 subspecies in the Canary Islands)

    Fringilla teydea
    has also been called Teydefinch. It is endemic to the Canary Islands.

    The Blue Chaffinch is one of the most attractive of the Canarian endemic birds. There are two subspecies: F. t. teydea on Tenerife, and F. t. polatzeki on Gran Canaria. The latter is scarce and localized.
    The bird is associated with forests of Canary Pine, where it feeds on pine kernels, laburnum and broom seeds, as well as beetle larvae, which it extracts from pine bark.  

  52. European Greenfinch  (Verderon comun)  ______  TE
    Carduelis chloris auratilyuentris

    The subspecies of the European Greenfinch in the Canaries is also that of southern Europe and northern Africa. The species is said to have colonized in the Canaries recently. 

  53. Common Linnet  (Pardillo comun)  ______  FV
    Carduelis cannabina harterti  (an endemic subspecies in the Canary Is.)

    There are two endemic subspecies of the Common Linnet in the Canaries:
    A. c. harterti on Fuerteventura (where we saw it during our June '09 tour) and on Lanzarote, 
    and A. c. meadewaldoi on the other islands to the west.

  54. Atlantic Canary  (Canario)  ______  TE 
    Serinus canaria

    Serinus canaria
    has been called Island Canary.

    The Atlantic Canary is endemic to the Macaronesian islands of the eastern Atlantic, in the Canaries, Madeira, and the Azores. In the Canaries, it is most frequent in areas of cultivated fields, pine groves, and forest edges in the central and western islands.

  55. Trumpeter Finch  (Camachuelo trompetero)  (Er)  ______  FV,LZ
    Bucanetes githagineus amantum 
    (subspecies endemic to Canary Is.)

    The Canarian subspecies of the Trumpeter Finch, B. g. amamtum, inhabits deserts and stony places on all islands except La Palma and El Hierro. 
    (On the latter island, however, it has been recorded recently, but nesting there has not been confirmed.)   

    Canary Islands Mammals & Other Wildlife 
    during the FONT Birding & Nature Tour 

    in June 2009


    June 26-30


    Found during the tour on the following islands:

    FV:  Fuerteventura
    LZ:  Lanzarote
    TE:  Tenerife

    (i) introduced species in the Canaries 

    1.    Algerian Hedgehog  (i)  ______  LZ
        Erinaceus algirus  (formerly Atelerix algirus)

    2.    European Rabbit   ______  LZ,TE
           Oryctolagus cuniculus 
    (the single member of its genus)

    3.    Western House Mouse  (i)  ______ TE
           Mus domesticus

    4.    Black Rat  (i) ______ TE
           Rattus rattus

    5.    Canary Shrew  ______  LZ 
    (this species endemic to the eastern Canary Islands, where it is found only in lava fields 
           and rocky areas of Lanzarote, where it was seen during our June '09 tour, and on Fuerteventura, and the small islets
           of Lobos and Mt Clara)  

           Crocidura canariensis 

    6.    Wild Goat  (i)  ______  LZ
           Capra aegagrus 
    (was split from the Domestic Goat, Capra hircus, in 1999)

    7.    Dromedary (i) ______  LZ
           Camelus dromedarius 
    (a domesticated animal)   

    8.    Monarch Butterfly  ______  FV,LZ
           Danius plexippus 

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