PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876

Alaska Birds

noting those during 
Focus On Nature Tours

1995 thru 2015

during late May and early June


An Alaska Bird List 
compiled by Armas Hill
with some photos

Photo at upper right: an immature IVORY GULL 
(photo by Alan Brady)

233 species of birds have cumulatively been found during FONT Alaskan tours. Some notable subspecies are noted in this list.
The numbers that follow the bird names indicate the number of tours during which the bird has been found (out of 8).


(*):      species found during a FONT tour, or tours, in ALASKA  (FTak)
FTjp:  species found during a FONT tour, or tours, in Japan  

(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
    (t1): critical    (t2): endangered    (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally
(NAi):   introduced in North America
(NAr):   rare in North America
(NAu):  uncommon in North America 

(B): a Beringian species (restricted, or nearly so, to the area of & surrounding the Bering Sea, as either a resident or a breeder)
(OW): a species primarily of the Old World 

(AKr):   a rare species in Alaska
(AKvr): a very rare species in Alaska (casual or accidental) 

(ph):  species with a photo in the FONT website 

 b: during FONT tours at Barrow
 g: during FONT tours at Gambell on St. Lawrence Island
 p: during FONT tours at the Pribilof Islands
(noting number of tours seen)

nac: during FONT tours seen north of the Arctic Circle (at either Kotzebue, Barrow, or along the Dalton Highway)  

SE: southeastern     SC: south-coastal     SW: southwestern     CE: central     WE: western     NO: northern
Capitalized letters indicate birds found more commonly, uncapitalized letters less commonly.
Seasonality is not indicated.
SW (southwestern) includes the Aleutian Islands.         

Places in Alaska visited during FONT tours have included:

Anchorage area (all tours), Barrow, north of the Arctic Circle (twice), Brooks Range & Dalton Highway, including north of the Arctic Circle (once), Denali area (four tours), Fairbanks (twice), Gambell (on St. Lawrence Island) (twice), Kotzebue, north of the Arctic Circle (once), Nome (all tours but two), Seward (all tours), the Pribilof Islands (St. Paul) (all tours but one).

For birds seen at the Pribilofs, the number following the "p" indicates the number of tours during which the species has been seen there. 
The same applies to Gambell (following the g) and Barrow (following the b).

Areas with Wildlife in Northern Alaska:  

From the Dalton Highway west, much of the Brooks Range is in this park, one of the premier wilderness areas in the US national park system. It encompasses 8.4 million acres, and protects primeval landscapes, their flora and fauna, and the culture and traditions of Alaskan native people.
The forester and conservationist Robert Marshall explored the area in the 1930s. Impressed by two massive peaks flanking the North Fork of the Koyukuk River, he called them the "Gateway to the Arctic".
This area was visited during the FONT Alaska Tour in June 2013.

From the Dalton Highway area, near Atigun Canyon, this refuge extends east across the Brooks Range and the North Slope to Canada. it is an extraordinary wilderness.
The Porcupine Caribou Herd (named for the Porcupine River), Polar Bears, and Musk Oxen depend upon its unspoiled environment.
The pioneer Alaskan conservationists Olaus and Margaret Murie traveled the region by dog team and canoe, and were instrumental in gaining refuge status for the area.

Located west of the Finger Mountain area (visited during the FONT Alaska Tour in June 2013), this refuge is slightly larger than the US state of Delaware. It protects large wetland areas that are critical to nesting waterfowl and other wildlife. Resources provide sustenance for the people of the Koyukuk River valley.

Encompassing an area larger than Connecticut and Vermont combined, this refuge protects a vast complex of lakes and rivers in the Yukon River watershed upstream from the Dalton Highway. Wildlife thrives in the area.
The Yukon River was crossed during the FONT Alaska Tour in June 2013 on the only bridge over the large river in Alaska, along the Dalton Highway. 


Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in North America, including Alaska

Alaska Mammals  (with some photos)      Alaska Butterflies & Moths  (with some photos)

Alaska Wildflowers & some other Plants     Alaska Marine Life (including Fish) 



  1. Ruffed Grouse  (ph)  ______  se,CE
    Bonasa umbellus

  2. Spruce Grouse  ______  se,sc,sw,CE,we
    Falcipennis canadensis

  3. Willow Ptarmigan  (*)  ______  FTak  se,sc,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Lagopus lagopus

  4. Rock Ptarmigan  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,SW,CE,we,no
    Lagopus mutus

  5. White-tailed Ptarmigan  (ph)  ______  se,sc,ce
    Lagopus leucurus

  6. Sooty Grouse  ______  SE
    Dendragapus fuliginosus

    The Sooty Grouse was part of what was the Blue Grouse.

  7. Sharp-tailed Grouse  ______  ce
    Tympanuchus phasianellus


  8. Tundra Swan  (*)  ______  FTak  nac  se,SC,SW,CE,WE,no
    Cygnus c. columbianus

    The subspecies Cygnus columbianus columbianus was known as the Whistling Swan. 

  9. Trumpeter Swan  (*) (ph)  ______  7  p1  FTak  nac  se,sc,ce.no
    Cygnus buccinator

    Trumpeter Swan

  10. Whooper Swan  (OW) (ph)  ______  FTjp  sw,w
    Cygnus cygnus

  11. Greater White-fronted Goose  (*)  ______  5  p1  FTak  se,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Anser albifrons

  12. Lesser White-fronted Goose  (NAr) (OW) (akVR)  ______  sw
    Anser erythropus

  13. Snow Goose  (*) (ph)  ______  3  p1  FTak  FTjp  se,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    (formerly Anser) caerulescens

  14. Ross' Goose  (*)  ______  1  p1  FTak
    (formerly Anser) rossii

  15. Emperor Goose  (nt) (B) (*)  ______  FTak  sc,SW,WE,no
    (formerly Anser) canagica

  16. Bean Goose  (NAr) (OW) (*)  ______ p1  FTak  FTjp
    Anser fabalis

    Taiga Bean Goose  ______
    Anser fabalis fabalis

    Tundra Bean Goose  ______
    Anser fabalis serrirostris

  17. Canada Goose  (*)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,CE
    Branta canadensis

    "Lesser Canada Goose"  (*)  ______  8
    Branta canadensis parvipes

    "Dusky Canada Goose"  ______
    Branta canadensis occidentalis

    Branta canadensis occidentalis
    nests mostly in one large colony in grasslands in the Copper River Delta.
    It has also been called the "White-cheeked Canada Goose". 

    "Vancouver Canada Goose"  ______
    Branta canadensis fulva

    Branta canadensis fulva
    nests from southeastern Alaska to British Columbia, Canada. It is essentially nonmigratory.
    Another name for it has been the "Queen Charlotte Canada Goose". 

  18. Cackling Goose  (*)  ______  FTak  se,sc,SW,ce,WE,NO
    Branta hutchinsii

    "Taverner's Cackling Goose"  (*)  ______  2  p2
    Branta hutchinsii taverneri

    Branta hutchinsii taverneri
    is a "medium-sized" goose that breeds on the tundra along Alaska's coastal areas north of the Alaska Peninsula, and east along the Beaufort Sea coast into the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. 

    "Aleutian Cackling Goose"  ______
    Branta hutchinsii leucoparcia

    Branta hutchinsii leucoparcia
    is a "small goose", often with a broad white ring at the base of the neck.   

    the nominate Cackling Goose  ______
    Branta hutchinsii minima  

    Branta hutchinsii minima
    is the smallest of the Cackling Geese. It is about the size of a Mallard.
    It breeds in a loose colony along about 100 miles of coastline in Alaska between the mouths of the Kuskokwim and Yukon Rivers, where it nests on islands and by the edges of small tundra ponds.  

  19. Brant  (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  se,SC,SW,WE,NO
    Branta bernicla

    "Black Brant"  (*)  ______
    Branta bernicla nigricans 

    In North America, Branta benicla is called the Brant. In Eurasia, it is called the Brent Goose.

  20. Wood Duck  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Aix sponsa

  21. Mallard  (ph) (*)  ______  p2  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,no
    Anas platyrhynchos

  22. Northern Pintail  (*) (ph)  ______  p7  FTak  nac  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Anas acuta

  23. Gadwall  (*)  (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  se,SC,sw,,ce
    Anas strepera

  24. Falcated Duck  (nt) (NAr) (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  1  p1  FTak  FTjp
    Anas falcata 

  25. Green-winged Teal  (*)  (ph)  ______ p7  FTak  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,no
    Anas carolinensis

    Anas carolinensis has been considered conspecific with Anas crecca, the Eurasian Teal  (below). 
  26. Eurasian Teal  (OW) (*)  ______ p3  FTak  FTjp
    Anas crecca nimia 
    (the subspecies of far-eastern Asia & into the Aleutian Is. of Alaska)   

  27. Garganey  (NAr) (OW) (*) ______ p1  FTak  FTjp
    Anas querquedula

  28. Northern Shoveler  (*) (ph)   ______  8  p1  FTak nac  FTjp  SE,SC,sw,CE,we,no
    Anas clypeata

  29. American Wigeon  (*)  (ph)  ______  8  p4  FTak  nac  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,no
    Anas americana

  30. Eurasian Wigeon  (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  p2  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw,ce,we
    Anas penelope

  31. Eastern Spot-billed Duck  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Anas zonorhyncha

  32. Blue-winged Teal  (ph)  ______  se,sc,ce
    Anas discors

  33. Cinnamon Teal  ______
    Anas cyanoptera

  34. Baikal Teal  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp 
    Anas formosa

  35. Common Pochard  (NAr) (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  FTjp
    Aythya ferina

  36. Canvasback  (*)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce,we
    Aythya valisineria

  37. Redhead  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,ce
    Aythya americana

  38. Ring-necked Duck  (*)  (ph)  ______  FTak  nac  FTjp  se,sc,ce
    Aythya collaris

  39. Greater Scaup  (*)  ______  p5  FTak  nac  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,no
    Aythya marila

  40. Lesser Scaup  (*)  (ph)  ______  FTak  nac  SE,sc,CE,we
    Aythya affinis

  41. Tufted Duck  (NAu) (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  FTjp  sw
    Aythya fuligula

  42. Common Goldeneye  (*)  ______  p6  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,we
    Bucephala clangula

  43. Barrow's Goldeneye  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,SW,CE
    Bucephala islandica

  44. Bufflehead  (*) (ph)  ______  p2  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,we
    Bucephala albeola

  45. Long-tailed Duck  (t3) (*) (ph)  ______ p7  FTak  nac  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Clangula hyemalis 
    (the single member of its genus) 

    A previous name for Clangula hyemalis was the Oldsquaw. 

    Long-tailed Ducks, male & female
    (photo by Kim Steininger) 

  46. Harlequin Duck  (*) (ph)  ______  p7  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,ce,we,no
    Histrionicus histrioncus 

  47. Common Eider  (*)  (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  sc,SW,WE,NO
    Somateria mollissima

  48. King Eider  (*)  (ph)  ______  p6  FTak  sc,SW,WE,NO
    Somateria spectabilis

  49. Steller's Eider  (t3) (*) (ph)  ______  p2  FTak  SC,SW,we,no
    Polysticta stelleri

  50. Spectacled Eider  (B) (*)  ______  4 b1  FTak  sw,WE,no
    Somateria fischeri

  51. Surf Scoter  (*)  (ph)  ______ p2  FTak  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,no
    Melanitta perspicillata

  52. White-winged Scoter  (*)  ______  p2  FTak  SE,SC,SW,CE,we,no
    Melanitta fusca

  53. Black Scoter  (*)  (ph)  ______  FTak  se,SC,SW,ce,WE,no
    Melanitta americana

    The Black Scoter was conspecific with the Common Scoter, Melanitta nigra, of Europe.

  54. Smew  (NAr) (OW) (*)  ______ 1  p1  FTak  FTjp  sw
    Mergellus albellus

  55. Common Merganser  (*) (ph)  ______ p1  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,ce,we
    Mergus merganser

    In the Old World, Mergus merganser is called the Goosander.

  56. Red-breasted Merganser  (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,ce,WE,no
    Mergus serrator

  57. Hooded Merganser  (*) (ph)  ______ FTak  se,sc,ce
    Lophodytes cucullatus

  58. Ruddy Duck  (AKvr)  (ph)  ______
    Oxyura jamaicensis


  59. Red-throated Loon  (*) (ph)  ______   FTak  FTjp  se,SC,SW,ce,WE,NO
    Gavia stellata 

    In the Old World, the Red-throated Loon is called the Red-throated Diver. 

  60. Pacific Loon  (*) (ph)  ______  8  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Gavia pacifica 

    In the Old World, the Pacific Loon is called the Pacific Diver.

    Pacific Loon

  61. Arctic Loon  (*)  ______  5  FTak  FTjp  sw,we
    Gavia arctica viridigularis

    In the Old World, the Arctic Loon is called the Black-throated Diver.

  62. Yellow-billed Loon  (*)  ______  5  g1 p1  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw,we,no
    Gavia adamsii 

    In the Old World, the Yellow-billed Loon is called the White-billed Diver.

  63. Common Loon  (*)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,sw,CE,we,no
    Gavia immer 

    In the Old World, the Common Loon is called the Great Northern Diver. 


  64. Laysan Albatross  (nt) (ph)  ______  FTjp  se,sc,sw,we
    Phoebastria immutabilis

  65. Black-footed Albatross  (t3)  ______  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,we
    Phoebastria nigripes

  66. Short-tailed Albatross  (t3) (ph)  ______  FTjp  sw
    Phoebastria albatrus

  67. Shy Albatross  (nt) (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Thalassarche cauta

  68. Northern Fulmar  (*) (ph)  ______  7  p7  FTak  FTjp  se,SC,SW,we,no
    Fulmarus glacialis rodgersii  

  69. Mottled Petrel  (nt)  ______  se,sc,sw,we
    Pterodroma inexpectata

  70. Cook's Petrel  (t2) (AKvr)  ______
    Pterodroma cookii

  71. Sooty Shearwater  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW
    Puffinus griseus

  72. Short-tailed Shearwater  (ph)  ______  FTjp  se,sc,SW,WE,no
    Puffinus tenuirostris

  73. Pink-footed Shearwater  (t3) (ph)  ______  se
    Puffinus creatopus

  74. Great Shearwater  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Puffinus gravis

  75. Buller's Shearwater  (t3)  ______  FTjp  se,sc
    Puffinus bulleri

  76. Manx Shearwater  (AKvr)  ______
    Puffinus puffinus

  77. Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel  ______  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,we
    Oceanodroma furcata

  78. Leach's Storm-Petrel  ______  SE,sc,SW
    Oceanodroma leucorhoa


  79. Red-necked Grebe  (*) (ph)  ______  8  p1  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,sw,CE,we
    Podiceps grisegena holboellii

  80. Horned Grebe  (*) (ph)  ______   FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,we
    Podiceps auritus cornutus

    In the Old World, the Horned Grebe is called the Slavonian Grebe. 

  81. Pied-billed Grebe  (*) (ph)  ______  1  FTak  se
    Podilymbus p. podiceps

  82. Eared Grebe  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Podiceps nigricollis 

  83. Western Grebe  (ph)  ______  se
    Aechmophorus occidentalis


  84. American Bittern  (ph)  ______  se
    Botaurus lentiginosus

  85. Yellow Bittern  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Ixobrychus sinensis

  86. Great Blue Heron  (ph)  ______  SE,sc
    Ardea herodias

  87. Great Egret  (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Ardea alba

  88. Intermediate Egret  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Mesophoyx intermediai

  89. Chinese Egret  (t2) (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Egretta eulophotes

  90. Little Egret  (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Egretta garzetta

  91. Chinese Pond Heron  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Ardeola bacchus

  92. Western Cattle Egret  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Bubulcus ibis

  93. Eastern Cattle Egret  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Bubulcus coromandus

  94. Green Heron  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Butorides virescens

  95. Black-crowned Night Heron  (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Nycticorax nycticorax 


  96. American White Pelican  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

  97. Brown Pelican  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Pelecanus occidentalis


  98. Double-crested Cormorant  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,SC,SW
    Phalacrocorax auritus albociliatus

  99. Pelagic Cormorant  (*)  ______  8  p6  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,WE,no
    Phalacrocorax (or Leucocarbo) pelagicus resplendens

    The Pelagic Cormorant has also been called the Pelagic Shag.

  100. Red-faced Cormorant  (B) (*)  ______  8  p7 FTak  FTjp  SC,SW
    Phalacrocorax (or Leucocarbo) urile  (monotypic)

    The Red-faced Cormorant has also been called the Red-faced Shag.

  101. Brandt's Cormorant  ______  se,sc
    Phalacrocorax penicillatus


  102. Magnificent Frigatebird  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Fregata magnificens 


  103. Turkey Vulture  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Cathartes aura


  104. American Kestrel  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,CE
    Falco sparverius

  105. Merlin  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw,ce,we,no
    Falco columbarius

    A Merlin on a porch outside a window near Glenallen, Alaska
    (photo by Ken Hughes) 

  106. Peregrine Falcon  (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,SW,ce,we,no
    Falco peregrinus 

  107. Gyrfalcon  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  sc,sw,ce,we,no
    Falco rusticolus

  108. Eurasian Kestrel  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Falco tinnunculus

  109. Eurasian Hobby  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Falco subbuteo


  110. Bald Eagle  (*) (ph)  ______  p3  FTak  nac  SE,SC,SW,ce,we
    Haliaeetus leucocephalus

  111. White-tailed Eagle  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Haliaeetus albicilla

  112. Steller's Sea Eagle  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Haliaeetus pelagicus

  113. Northern Harrier  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,SC,sw,ce,we,no
    Circus hudsonius

  114. Osprey  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw,ce,we
    Pandion haliaetus

  115. Northern Goshawk  (*)  ______  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw,ce,we
    Accipiter gentilis

  116. Sharp-shinned Hawk  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,CE,we
    Accipiter striatus

  117. Red-tailed Hawk  (*) (ph)  ______   FTak  se,sc,CE
    Buteo jamaicensis

    The subspecies of the Red-tailed Hawk known as the "Harlan's Hawk" has been seen during FONT tours in Alaska.

  118. Rough-legged Hawk  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw,CE,WE,NO
    Buteo lagopus

  119. Swainson's Hawk  (ph)  ______  ce
    Buteo swainsoni

  120. Golden Eagle  (*)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,CE,we,no
    Aquila chrysaetos


  121. Virginia Rail  (AKvr)  ______
    Rallus limicola

  122. Sora  ______  se,ce
    Porzana carolina

  123. American Coot  (ph)  ______  se,sc,ce
    Fulica americana

  124. Eurasian Coot  (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Fulica atra


  125. Sandhill Crane  (*) (ph)  ______  8  p2  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,SW,CE,WE,no
    Grus canadensis

    Sandhill Crane
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  126. Common Crane  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Grus grus  


  127. Black-bellied Plover  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,ce,WE,no
    Pluvialis s. squatarola

    In the Old World, the Black-bellied Plover is called the Grey Plover.

  128. American Golden Plover  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,SC,WE,CE,WE,NO
    Pluvialis dominicus 

  129. Pacific Golden Plover  (*) (ph) ______ p2  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw,we
    Pluvialis fulva 

    The Pacific Golden Plover was conspecific with the American Golden Plover.

  130. European Golden Plover  (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Pluvialis apricaria

  131. Semipalmated Plover  (*) (ph)  ______  p7  FTak  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,no
    Charadrius semipalmatus 

  132. Common Ringed Plover  (NAr) (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  2 g1  FTak  FTjp  we
    Charadrius hiaticula tundrae

  133. Little Ringed Plover  (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Charadrius dubius

  134. Lesser Sandplover  (OW) (ph)  ______  FTjp  sw,we
    Charadrius mongolus

    The Lesser Sandplover has also been called the Mongolian Plover.

  135. Snowy Plover  (AKvr) (ph)  ______ 
    Charadrius nivosus

  136. Killdeer  (ph)  ______  se,sc,ce
    Charadrius vociferus

  137. Eurasian Dotterel  (NAr) (OW) (ph)  ______  we
    Charadrius morinellus

  138. Northern Lapwing  (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Vanellus vanellus

  139. Black Oystercatcher  (*) (ph)  ______ 5  FTak  SE,SC,SW
    Haematopus bachmani

  140. Black-winged Stilt  (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Himantopus himantopus

  141. American Avocet  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Recurvirostra americana 

  142. Greater Yellowlegs  (*) ______  7  p2  FTak  SE,SC,SW,ce,we
    Tringa melanoleuca 

  143. Lesser Yellowlegs  (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  SE,SC,sw,CE,we
    Tringa flavipes 

  144. Solitary Sandpiper  (ph)  ______  se,sc,sw,ce,we
    Tringa solitaria

  145. Common Greenshank  (NAr) (OW) (*)  ______  3  p3  FTak  FTjp  sw
    Tringa nebularia 

  146. Spotted Redshank  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Tringa erythropus

  147. Green Sandpiuper  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (*)  ______  1  p1  FTak  FTjp
    Tringa ochropus  

  148. Wood Sandpiper  (NAr) (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  p4  FTak  FTjp  sw,we
    Tringa glareola 

  149. Marsh Sandpiper  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Tringa stagnatilis

  150. Wandering Tattler  (*)  ______  8  p5  FTak  se,SC,sw,ce,we
    Heteroscelus incanus 

  151. Gray-tailed Tattler  (NAr) (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  p2  FTak  FTjp  sw,we
    Heteroscelus breviceps 

  152. Spotted Sandpiper  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,sw,CE,we,no
    Actitis macularia 

  153. Common Sandpiper  (NAr) (OW) (*)  ______  1  p1  FTak  FTjp  sw,w
    Actitis macularia 

  154. Terek Sandpiper  (NAr) (OW) (*)  ______  FTak  FTjp  w
    Xenus cinereus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  155. Upland Sandpiper  ______  se,ce
    Bartramia longicauda

  156. "American" Whimbrel  (*) (ph)  ______  p2  FTak  se,SC,SW,CE,WE.no
    Numenius phaeopus rufiventris

  157. Bristle-thighed Curlew  (t3) (NAr) (*) (ph) ______  p1  FTak  sw,we,no
    Numenius tahitiensis 

  158. Eastern Curlew  (nt) (NAr) (OW) (*)  ______ 1  p1  FTak  FTjp 
    Numenius madagascariensis 

    The Eastern Curlew has been called the Far Eastern Curlew. 

  159. Little Curlew  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Numenius minutus

  160. Eskimo Curlew  ______  (now presumed to be extinct)
    Numenius borealis

    The last documented sighting of an Eskimo Curlew in Alaska was in 1886.

  161. Bar-tailed Godwit  (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  p6  FTak  FTjp  sc,SW,WE,no 
    Limosa lapponica baueri 

    The Bar-tailed Godwit is an Old World species, but the subspecies L. l. baueri commonly breeds in western Alaska. 

  162. Eastern Black-tailed Godwit  (nt) (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (*)  ______ 1  p1  FTak  FTjp
    Limosa melanuroides

    The Eastern Black-tailed Godwit has been "split" from the Black-tailed Godwit, Limosa limosa.

  163. Hudsonian Godwit  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce,we,no
    Limosa haemastica

  164. Marbled Godwit  (ph)  ______  se,sc,sw
    Limosa fedoa

  165. Ruddy Turnstone  (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,SW,ce,WE,no
    Arenaria interpres

  166. Black Turnstone  (*)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,SW,WE
    Arenaria melanocephala

  167. Surfbird  (*)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,sw,ce,we
    Aphriza virgata

  168. Red Knot  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw,we,no
    Calidris canutus

  169. Great Knot  (t3) (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Calidris tenuirostris

  170. Sanderling  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw,ce,we,no
    Calidris alba 

  171. Semipalmated Sandpiper  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce,we,no
    Calidris pusilla

  172. Western Sandpiper  (*) (ph)  ______  6  p1  FTak  nac  SE,SC,SW,ce,WE,no
    Calidris mauri

  173. Red-necked Stint  (NAr) (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  3  p2 b1  FTak  FTjp  sw,we,no
    Calidris ruficollis

  174. Temminck's Stint  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (*)  ______  b1  FTak  FTjp
    Calidris temminckii

  175. Long-toed Stint  (NAr) (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  FTjp  sw,we
    Calidris subminuta  


  176. Little Stint  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Calidris temminckii

  177. Least Sandpiper  (*) (ph)  ______  6  p5  FTak  SE,SC,SW,ce,we,no
    Calidris minutilla

  178. Baird's Sandpiper  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce,we,NO
    Calidris bairdii

  179. Pectoral Sandpiper  (*) (ph)  ______  p3  FTak  SE,SC,sw,ce,WE,NO
    Calidris melanotos

  180. Sharp-tailed Sandpiper  (NAr) (OW) (ph)  ______  FTjp  se,sc,sw,we
    Calidris acuminata

  181. White-rumped Sandpiper  (ph)  ______  ce,no
    Calidris fuscicollis

  182. Rock Sandpiper  (*)  ______  p7  FTak  SE,SC,SW,WE
    Calidris ptilocnemis

  183. Purple Sandpiper  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Calidris maritima

  184. Dunlin  (*) (ph)  ______  6  p1  FTak  FTjp  se,SC,SW,WE,NO
    Calidris alpina

  185. Curlew Sandpiper  (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Calidris ferruginea

  186. Stilt Sandpiper  (*) (ph)  ______  1  FTak  se,sc,ce,no
    Calidris himantopus

  187. Spoon-billed Sandpiper  (t1) (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Eurynorhynchus pygmeus

  188. Broad-billed Sandpiper  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Limicola falcinellus
  189. Buff-breasted Sandpiper  (nt)  ______  ce,we,no
    Tryngites subruficollis

  190. Ruff / Reeve  (NAu) (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  1  p1  FTak  FTjp  sw,we
    Philomachus pugnax

  191. Short-billed Dowitcher  (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  SE,SC,SW
    Limnodromus griseus

  192. Long-billed Dowitcher  (*)  ______  FTak  se,SC,sw,ce,WE,NO
    Limnodromus scolopaceus

  193. Wilson's Snipe  (*) (ph)  ______ 7  p1  FTak  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Gallinago delicata

    The Wilson's Snipe was conspecific with the Common Snipe of the Old World, Gallinago gallinago.

  194. Common Snipe  (NAr) (OW) (ph)  ______  FTjp  sw
    Gallinago gallinago

    The Common Snipe is best identified by its underwings being paler than those of the Wilson's Snipe. 

  195. Pin-tailed Snipe  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Gallinago stenura

  196. Jack Snipe  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Lymnocryptes minimus

  197. Red-necked Phalarope  (*) (ph)  ______ p7  FTak  nac  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Phalaropus lobatus

  198. Red Phalarope  (*) (ph)  ______ p2  FTak  FTjp  se,SC,SW,WE,NO
    Phalaropus fulicaria

    In the Old World, the Red Phalarope is called the Grey Phalarope (except in Iceland).  

  199. Wilson's Phalarope  (AKvr)  ______
    Phalaropus tricolor

  200. Oriental Pratincole  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Glareola maldivarum


  201. Pomarine Jaeger  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  se,SC,SW,WE,NO
    Stercorarius pomarinus 

    In the Old World, the Pomarine Jaeger is called the Pomarine Skua.

  202. Parasitic Jaeger  (*) (ph)  ______  p3  FTak  FTjp  se,SC,SW,ce,WE,NO
    Stercorarius parasiticus 

    In the Old World, the Parasitic Jaeger is called the Arctic Skua.

  203. Long-tailed Jaeger  (*) (ph)  ______  6  p2   FTak  se,sc,sw,CE,WE,NO
    Stercorarius longicaudus pallescens

    In the Old World, the Long-tailed Jaeger is called the Long-tailed Skua.

  204. South Polar Skua  (AKvr)  (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Stercorarius maccormicki


  205. Franklin's Gull  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Leucophaeus pipixcan

  206. Little Gull  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Hydrocoloeus minutus

  207. Black-headed Gull  (NAu) (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  4  p1  FTak  FTjp  sw,w
    (formerly Larus) ridibundus  (monotypic)
  208. Bonaparte's Gull  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,sw,ce,we
    (formerly Larus) philadelphia  (monotypic)

  209. Heermann's Gull  (AKvr)  (ph)  ______
    Larus heermanni

  210. Mew Gull  (*)  ______  8  p1  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,no
    Larus canus brachyrhynchus

    In Eurasia, the nominate race of Larus canus is called the Common Gull. The race in eastern Asia that is called the "Kamchatka Gull" is L. c. kamtschatschenis.  

  211. Ring-billed Gull  ______  se,sc
    Larus delawarensis

  212. California Gull  ______  se
    Larus californicus

  213. "American" Herring Gull  (*)  ______ p1  FTak  SE,SC,sw,ce,we,no
    Larus (argentatus) smithsonianus

  214. Vega Gull  (OW) (*) ______  6  FTak  FTjp    sw,we
    Larus vegae

    The Vega Gull has been considered a subspecies of the Herring Gull. 

  215. Thayer's Gull  ______  se,sc
    Larus thayeri

  216. Lesser Black-backed Gull  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Larus fuscus 

  217. Slaty-backed Gull  (NAr) (OW) (*) (ph)   ______  7  p1  FTak  FTjp  sc,sw,we,no
    Larus schistisagus 

  218. Glaucous-winged Gull  (*)  ______  8  p7  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,ce,WE
    Larus glaucescens 

  219. Glaucous Gull  (*) (ph)  ______  p5  FTak  nac  FTjp  se,sc,sw,ce,WE,NO
    Larus hyperboreus barrovianus 

    Another subspecies
    , L. h. pallidissimus, is on the Asian side of the Bering Sea. 

  220. Black-tailed Gull  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Larus crassirostris

  221. Western Gull  (AKvr)  ______
    Larus occidentalis

  222. Great Black-backed Gull  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Larus marinus

  223. Black-legged Kittiwake  (*) (ph)  ______  p7  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,WE,NO
    Rissa tridactyla 
    (now said to be monotypic)

  224. Red-legged Kittiwake  (t3) (B) (*) (ph)  ______  7  p7  FTak  sc,sw,we
    Rissa brevirostris 

    In the mid-1970s, the total population of the Red-legged Kittiwake was estimated at about 260,000 individuals. It declined to about 168,000 by the mid-1990s. Most of this decline was on the Pribilof Islands..  

  225. Ross' Gull  (*) (ph)  ______  2  p1  FTak  FTjp  we,NO
    Rhodostethia rosea  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  226. Sabine's Gull  (*) (ph)  ______  6  p1  FTak  se,sc,sw,WE,NO
    Xema sabini 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  227. Ivory Gull  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  sw,we,no   
    Pagophila eburnea 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

    The Ivory Gull is a bird of the High Arctic.

    Ivory Gull
    (photo by Howard Eskin, another photo at the top of this list)


  228. Common Tern  (*)  ______  p1  FTak  FTjp  sw
    Sterna h. hirundo

  229. Arctic Tern  (*) (ph)  ______  8  p1  FTak  SE,SC,SW,ce,WE,no
    Sterna paradisaea 

  230. Aleutian Tern  (B) (*)  ______ FTak  se,sc,sw,we
    (formerly Sterna) aleutica  (monotypic)

  231. Caspian Tern  ______  se,sc
    Hydroprogne caspia

  232. Sooty Tern  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Onychoprion fuscatus

  233. Black Tern  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Chiladontas niger

  234. White-winged Tern  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  (ph)  ______  
    Chiladontas leucopterus


  235. Dovekie  (*)  ______  FTak  we
    Alle alle polaris

    In the Old World, the Dovekie is called the Little Auk.

  236. Common Murre  (*) (ph)  ______  p7  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,WE
    Uria aalge inornata

    In the Old World, the Common Murre is called the Guillemot.

    Common Murre
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  237. Thick-billed Murre  (*) (ph)  ______  7  p7  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,SW,WE,no
    Uria lomvia arra

    In the Old World, the Thick-billed Murre is called the Brunnich's Guillemot.

  238. Black Guillemot  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  sw,we,no
    Cepphus grylle mandtii 
    (a different subspecies than in the NE USA & eastern Canada)

  239. Pigeon Guillemot  (*)  ______  p3  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,WE
    Cepphus c. columba 
    (the 2 other subspecies are in eastern Asia) 

  240. Marbled Murrelet  (t3) (*)  ______  p1   FTak  SE,SC,sw
    Brachyramphus marmoratus 

    The Marbled Murrelet was conspecific with what is now the Long-billed Murrelet of eastern Asia. 

  241. Long-billed Murrelet  (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp  
    Brachyramphus perdix  

  242. Kittlitz's Murrelet  (t1) (*)  ______  FTak  se,SC,sw,we,no
    Brachyramphus brevirostris 

  243. Ancient Murrelet ______  p1  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,SW,we
    Synthliboramphus a. antiquus 
    (the other subspecies breeds on Commander Island, Siberia) 

  244. Cassin's Auklet  (*)  ______  FTak  se,sc,SW
    Ptychoramphus aleuticus

  245. Parakeet Auklet  (B) ______  p7  FTak  se,sc,SW,WE
    (formerly Cyclorrhynchus) psittacula  (monotypic)

  246. Least Auklet  (B) (ph)  ______  p7  FTak  FTjp  SW,WE
    Aethia pusilla 

    The Least Auklet is Alaska's most numerous colonial seabird.

  247. Crested Auklet  (B) ______  p7  FTak  FTjp  sc,SW,WE,no
    Aethia cristatella 

  248. Whiskered Auklet  (B)  ______  SW
    Aethia pygmaea

  249. Rhinoceros Auklet ______  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw
    Cerorhinca monocerata 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  250. Tufted Puffin  (*) (ph)  ______  8  p7  FTak  FTjp  se,SC,SW,WE
    (formerly Lunda) cirrhata  (monotypic)

  251. Horned Puffin  (*)  (ph)  ______  p7  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,SW,WE,no
    Fratercula corniculata 


  252. Common (or Feral) Pigeon  (*) ______  FTak  nac  FTjp  SE,SC,CE
    Columba livia

  253. Band-tailed Pigeon  (ph)  ______  se
    Patagioenas fasciata

  254. Oriental Turtle Dove  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Streptopelia orientalis

  255. Mourning Dove  ______  se,sc,ce
    Zenaida macroura

  256. White-winged Dove  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Zenaida asiatica 


  257. Common Cuckoo  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (*)  ______ p1  FTak  FTjp
    Cuculus canorus

  258. Oriental Cuckoo  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Cuculus aptatus

  259. Yellow-billed Cuckoo  (AKvr)  ______
    Coccyzus americanus


  260. Western Screech Owl  (ph)  ______  se
    Megascops kennicottii

  261. Oriental Scops Owl  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Otus sunia

  262. Great Horned Owl  (ph)  ______  se,SC,sw,CE,we
    Bubo virginianus

  263. Snowy Owl  (*) (ph)  ______  3  p3 b1  FTak  sc,sw,ce,we,no
    Bubo scandiacus
    (was Nyctea scandiaca)  (monotypic)

    Above & below: a Snowy Owl
    (photos by Marie Gardner)

  264. Short-eared Owl  (*) (ph)  ______  6  p3  FTak  FTjp  se,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Asio flammeus

  265. Long-eared Owl  (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Asio otus

  266. Northern Hawk-Owl  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,CE,we
    Surnia ulula

  267. Boreal Owl  (*) (ph)  ______ FTak  sc,sw,CE,we
    Aegolius funereus

    In the Old World, the Boreal Owl is called the Tengmalm's Owl.

  268. Northern Saw-whet Owl  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc
    Aegolius acadicus

  269. Northern Pygmy Owl  ______  se
    Glaucidium gnoma

  270. Great Gray Owl  (ph)  ______  sc,ce
    Strix nebulosa

  271. Barred Owl  (ph)  ______  se
    Strix varia


  272. Lesser Nighthawk  (AKvr)  ______
    Chordeiles acutipennis

  273. Common Nighthawk  ______  se
    Chordeiles minor

  274. Eastern Whip-poor-will  (AKvr)  ______
    Caprimulgus vociferus

  275. Grey Nightjar  (NAr) (OW) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Caprimulgus indicus


  276. Black Swift  ______  se
    Cypseloides niger

  277. Vaux's Swift  ______  se
    Chaetura vuxi

  278. Chimney Swift  (AKvr)  ______
    Chaetura pelagica

  279. White-throated Needletail  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Hirundapus caudacutus

  280. Fork-tailed Swift  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Apus pacificus

  281. Common Swift  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Apus apus


  282. Rufous Hummingbird  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,ce
    Selasphorus rufus

  283. Anna's Hummingbird  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Calypte anna

  284. Costa's Hummingbird  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Calypte costae

  285. Ruby-throated Hummingbird  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Archilochus colubris


  286. Eurasian Hoopoe  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Upupa epops


  287. Belted Kingfisher  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  SE,sc,sw,CE,we
    (formerly Ceryle) alcyon  (now said to be monotypic)


  288. Eurasian Wryneck  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Jnyx torquilla

  289. Downy Woodpecker  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce,we
    Picoides pubescens medianus 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Alaska)

  290. Hairy Woodpecker  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,ce
    Picoides villosus septentrionalis 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Alaska)

  291. American Three-toed Woodpecker  (*)  ______  3  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce,we
    Picoides tridactylus fasciatus

    The American Three-toed Woodpecker was conspecific with the Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker.

  292. Black-backed Woodpecker  (*)  ______ 2  FTak  sc,ce
    Picoides arcticus 

    The Black-backed Woodpecker was at one time called the Black-backed Three-toed Woodpecker, as this species also has 3 toes. 

  293. Northern Flicker ______  se,sc,CE
    Colaptes auratus 

    "Yellow-shafted Flicker"  (*)  ______  FTak  nac  sc,CE
    Colaptes auratus luteus

    "Red-shafted Flicker"  ______  se
    Colaptes auratus cafer

  294. Yellow-bellied Sapsucker  (AKvr)  (ph)  ______
    Sphyrapicus varius

  295. Red-breasted Sapsucker  ______  SE
    Sphyrapicus ruber

  296. Great Spotted Woodpecker  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Dendrocopos major


  297. Olive-sided Flycatcher  (nt) (*)  ______ 6  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce,we
    Contopus borealis

    An alternate name for Contopus borealis could be the Boreal Pewee. 

  298. Western Wood Pewee  (*)  ______  FTak  se,sc,ce
    Contopus sordidulus

  299. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher  ______  ce
    Empidonax flaviventris

  300. Alder Flycatcher  (*)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,CE,we
    Empidonax alnorum

  301. Hammond's Flycatcher  (*)  ______ FTak  se,CE
    Empidonax hammondii

  302. Willow Flycatcher  (AKvr)  ______
    Empidonax trailii

  303. Least Flycatcher  (AKvr)  ______
    Empidonax minimus

  304. Dusky Flycatcher  (AKvr) (ph)  ______ 
    Empidonax oberholseri

  305. Pacific Slope Flycatcher  ______  SE
    Empidonax difficilis

  306. Say's Phoebe  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,ce,we.no
    Sayornis saya

  307. Black Phoebe  (AKvr)  ______
    Sayornis nigricans

  308. Eastern Phoebe  (AKvr)  ______
    Sayornis phoebe

  309. Great Crested Flycatcher  (AKvr)  ______
    Myiarchus crinitus

  310. Western Kingbird  (AKvr)  ______
    Tyrannus verticalis

  311. Eastern Kingbird  (AKvr)  ______
    Tyrannus tyrannus

  312. Tropical Kingbird  (AKvr)  ______
    Tyrannus melancholicus

  313. Scissor-tailed Flycatcher  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Tyrannus forficatus


  314. Northern Shrike  (*) (ph)  ______ FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw,ce,we,no
    Lanius excubitor

    In the Old World, the Northern Shrike is called the Great Grey Shrike. 

  315. Brown Shrike  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Lanius cristatus


  316. Cassin's Vireo  (AKvr)  ______
    Vireo cassinii

  317. Warbling Vireo  ______  se
    Vireo gilvus

  318. Philadelphia Vireo  (AKvr)  ______
    Vireo philadelphicus

  319. Red-eyed Vireo  ______  se
    Vireo olivaceus


  320. Gray Jay  (*) (ph)  ______ FTak  se,sc,sw,CE,we
    Pesisoreus canadensis

  321. Steller's Jay  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  SE,SC
    Cyanocitta stelleri

    The Steller's Jay was among the first birds found in Alaska, and described to science, by European explorers and naturalists from Russia.
    Georg Steller encountered it in July 1741 when he landed for but a few hours on an island off the Alaskan coast.      

    Steller's Jay 
    (photo by Howard Eskin)
  322. Black-billed Magpie  (*) (ph)  ______   FTak  se,SC,SW,ce
    Pica hudsonia

    The Black-billed Magpie was conspecific with the Common Magpie, Pica pica, of Europe. 
    Recently, the Kamchatka Magpie of far-eastern Russia, Pica camtsschatica, has also been split from Pica pica, as has the Oriental Magpie, Pica sericea, also of eastern Asia (further south). 

  323. Northwestern Crow  (*)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,sw
    Corvus caurinus

  324. American Crow  ______  se
    Corvus brachyrhynchos

  325. Common Raven  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  nac  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Corvus corax

  326. Clark's Nutcracker  (AKvr)  ______
    Nucifraga columbiana


  327. Bohemian Waxwing  (*) ______  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,sw,CE,we
    Bombycilla garrulus

  328. Cedar Waxwing  (ph)  ______  se
    Bombycilla cedrorum


    The species in the following genus Poecile were in the genus Parus.

  329. Black-capped Chickadee  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,SC,sw,CE,we

  330. Boreal Chickadee  (*)  ______  FTak  sc,sw,CE,we

  331. Chestnut-backed Chickadee  (*)  ______  FTak  SE,SC

  332. Gray-headed Chickadee  ______  ce,we
    Poecile cincta

    Another name for Poecile cincta, in the Old World, is the Siberian Tit.

  333. Mountain Chickadee  (AKvr)  ______
    Poecile gambeli


  334. Tree Swallow  (*) (ph)  ______  p3  FTak  nac  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE
    Tachycineta bicolor 

  335. Violet-green Swallow  (*)  ______  FTak  se,SC,sw,CE
    Tachycineta t. thalassina

  336. Bank Swallow  (*)  ______  p1  FTak  nac  FTjp  se,sc,sw,CE,we
    Riparia r riparia

    In the Old World, the Bank Swallow is called the Sand Martin. 

  337. American Cliff Swallow  (*)  ______  FTak  nac  se,sc,sw,CE,we,no
    (formerly Hirundo) p. pyrrhonota

  338. Barn Swallow  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  FTjp  SE,sc
    Hirundo rustica erythrogaster

  339. Northern Rough-winged Swallow  ______  se
    Stelgidopteyx serripennis

  340. Purple Martin  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Progne subis

  341. Asian House Martin  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Delichon dasypus


  342. Horned Lark  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,CE,we,no
    Eremophila alpestris

    In the Old World, the Horned Lark is called the Shore Lark.

  343. Eurasian Skylark  (OW) (NAr) (*)  ______  2 p1  FTak  FTjp  sw
    Alauda arvensis

    In Alaska, the Eurasian Skylark is a visitor from Asia. 


  344. Pacific Wren  (*)  ______  p6  FTak  SE.sc,SW
    Troglodytes pacificus alascensis   

    The above subspecies of the Pacific Wren in the Pribilof Islands is 1 of 6 subspecies in Alaska. Most of the other subspecies in the state are on islands including the Aleutians & Kodiak Island.   


  345. Red-breasted Nuthatch  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc
    Sitta canadensis

  346. Brown Creeper  (*) (ph)  ______  2  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce
    Certhia americana

    An alternate name for Certhia americana could be the the "American Treecreeper". All of the other species in the Certhia genus in the world are called treecreepers. 


  347. Golden-crowned Kinglet  (*) (ph)  ______ FTak  SE,sc,sw,ce
    Regulus satrapa olivaceus 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Alaska)

  348. Ruby-crowned Kinglet  (*) (ph)  ______ FTak  SE,SC,sw,ce,we
    Regulus calendula grinnelli


  349. Arctic Warbler  (NAr) (OW) (*)  ______  FTak  nac  FTjp  sw,CE,WE,NO
    Phylloscopus borealis

    The Arctic Warblers that breed in Alaska winter in the Philippines and Indonesia. 

  350. Willow Warbler  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Phylloscopus trochilus

  351. Wood Warbler  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Phylloscopus sibilatrix

  352. Dusky Warbler  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Phylloscopus fuscatus

  353. Yellow-browed Warbler  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Phylloscopus inornatus

  354. Pallas' Leaf Warbler  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Phylloscopus proregulus 

  355. Lesser Whitethroat  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Sylvia curruca

  356. Middendorff's Grasshopper Warbler  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Locustella ochotensis

  357. Lanceolated Warbler  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Locustella lanceolata


  358. Narcissus Flycatcher  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Ficedula narcissina

  359. Taiga Flycatcher  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Ficedula albicilla

    The Taiga Flycatcher was conspecific with the Red-breasted Flycatcher of western Eurasia.  

  360. Mugimaki Flycatcher  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Ficedula mugimaki

    There is a single record of a Mugimaki Flycatcher in Alaska, on Shemya Island in 1985. 

  361. Dark-sided Flycatcher  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Muscicapa sibirica

  362. Grey-streaked Flycatcher  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Muscicapa griseisticta

  363. Asian Brown Flycatcher  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Muscicapa dauurica

  364. Spotted Flycatcher  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  
    Muscicapa striata

    OLD WORLD CHATS & allies 

  365. Bluethroat  (NAr) (OW) (*) (ph)   ______  FTak  FTjp  we,no
    Luscinia s. svecica 

    that breed in Alaska winter in southeast Asia. 

  366. Siberian Rubythroat  (OW) (ph)  ______  FTjp  sw
    Luscinia calliope

  367. Siberian Blue Robin  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Luscinia cyane

  368. Red-flanked Bluetail  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Luscinia cyanurus 
    (formerly Tarsiger cyanurus)

  369. Northern Wheatear  (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  nac  sc,sw,ce,WE,no
    Oenanthe o. oenanthe   

    Wheatears that breed in Alaska winter on the savannas of northern & eastern Africa. A different subspecies of the Wheatear that breeds in northeast Canada, Greenland, and Iceland, winters in western Europe and western Africa. 

  370. Siberian Stonechat  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Saxicola maurus

    The Siberian Stonechat was conspecific with the Eurasian (or Common) Stonechat, Saxicola torquatus


  371. Gray-cheeked Thrush  (*)  ______  FTak  nac  se,sc,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Catharus minimus

  372. Swainson's Thrush  (*)  ______  FTak  SE,sc,sw,CE,we
    Catharus ustulatus

  373. Hermit Thrush  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,SW,ce,we
    Catharus guttatus

  374. Veery  (AKvr)  ______
    Catharus fuscescens

  375. Eye-browed Thrush  (NAr) (OW) (*)  ______  1  p1  FTak  FTjp  sw
    Turdus obscurus

  376. American Robin  (*)  ______  FTak  nac  SE,SC,SW,CE.WE,no
    Turdus migratorius

  377. Dusky Thrush  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Turdus eunomus

    Both Dusky Thrush and Naumann's Thrush (below) have been found on Adak Island.

  378. Naumann's Thrush  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Turdus naumanni

    The Naumann's Thrush and the Dusky Thrush (above) have been conspecific.  

  379. Fieldfare  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Turdus pilaris

  380. Redwing  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Turdus iliacus

    The first Redwing in Alaska was found in Seward on November 16, 2011.   

  381. Varied Thrush  (*) (ph)  ______  7  FTak  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,no
    Ixoreus naevius meruloides 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Alaska) (the single member of its genus) 

  382. Townsend's Solitaire  ______  se,sc,ce
    Myadestes townsendi

  383. Mountain Bluebird  (ph)  ______  se,ce
    Sialia currucoides


  384. Gray Catbird  (AKvr)  ______
    Dumetella carolinensis

  385. Northern Mockingbird  (AKvr)  ______
    Mimus polyglottos

  386. Brown Thrasher  (AKvr)  ______
    Toxostoma rufum  


  387. American Dipper  ______  SE,SC,SW,ce,we,no
    Cinclus mexicanus


  388. Siberian Accentor  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Prunella montanella


  389. Common Starling  ______  FTjp  se,sc,ce
    Sturnus vulgaris


  390. Eastern Yellow Wagtail  (OW) (*) ______  p2  FTak  nac  FTjp  sw,WE,no
    Motacilla t. tschutschensis   

    The subspecies of the Eastern Yellow Wagtail that breeds in Alaska and the northern Kamchatka Peninsula of Siberia  winters in eastern Asia to the Greater Sundas.

  391. White Wagtail  (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  g1  FTak  FTjp  sw,we,no
    Motacilla alba ocularis
    Motacilla alba lugens  _____  2 
    (this race has been called "Black-backed Wagtail"

  392. Grey Wagtail  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Motacilla cinerea

  393. Olive-backed Pipit  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (*) (ph)  ______  p2  FTak  FTjp
    Anthus hodgsoni

  394. Red-throated Pipit  (NAu) (OW) (*)  ______  2  p1 g1  FTak  FTjp  sc,sw,we
    Anthus cervinus

  395. American Pipit  (*) (ph)  ______  5  p1  FTak  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Anthus rubescens

    Another name for the American Pipit is the Buff-bellied Pipit.

  396. Tree Pipit  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Anthus trivialis

  397. Pechora Pipit  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Anthus gustavi


  398. Brambling  (NAr) (OW) (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  FTjp  sw
    Fringilla montifringilla

  399. Gray-crowned Rosy Finch (*) (ph)  ______  p7  FTak  se,sc,SW,ce,we,no
    Leucosticte tephrocotis

  400. Pine Grosbeak  (*) (ph)  ______  1  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce,we,no
    Pinicola enucleator

  401. Scarlet Rosefinch  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (*) (ph)  ______  FTak
    Carpodacus erythrinus

    Another name for Carpodacus erythrinus is Common Rosefinch.

  402. Purple Finch  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Carpodacus) purpureus

  403. Cassin's Finch  (nt) (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Carpodacus) cassinii

  404. House Finch  (AKvr) (ph)  ______ 
    (formerly Carpodacus) mexicanus 

  405. White-winged Crossbill  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce,we 
    Loxia leucoptera 

    In the Old World, the White-winged Crossbill is called the Two-barred Crossbill.

  406. Red Crossbill  (ph)  ______  SE,sc,sw
    Loxia curvirostra

  407. American Goldfinch  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Carduelis) tristis

  408. Oriental Greenfinch  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (*)  ______  1  p1  FTak  FTjp
    (formerly Carduelis) sinica

  409. Common Redpoll  (*) (ph)  ______  p4  FTak  nac  FTjp  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,no
    (formerly Carduelis) flammea

  410. Hoary Redpoll  (*)  ______  6  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce,WE,NO
    (formerly Carduelis) hornemanni

    In the Old World, the Hoary Redpoll is called the Arctic Redpoll.    

  411. Pine Siskin  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,ce
    (formerly Carduelis) pinus

  412. Eurasian Siskin  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Carduelis spinus

  413. Eurasian Bullfinch  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Pyrrhula pyrrhula

  414. Evening Grosbeak  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Coccothraustes vespertinus

  415. Hawfinch  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Coccothraustes coccothraustes   


  416. Orange-crowned Warbler  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,SW,CE,we
    (formerly Vermivora) celata

  417. Tennessee Warbler  (ph)  ______  se,sc
    (formerly Vermivora) peregrina

  418. Nashville Warbler  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Oreothlypis ruficapilla  

    The species in the following genus Setophaga were in the genus Dendroica. 

  419. Yellow Warbler  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  nac  SE,sc,SW,CE,WE,no
    Setophaga petechia 

  420. "Myrtle" Yellow-rumped Warbler  (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  nac  SE,SC,sw,CE,WE
    c. coronata

  421. Townsend's Warbler  (*)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,CE

  422. Blackpoll Warbler  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,SW,ce,WE
    Setophaga Dendroica
    ) atriata

  423. Chestnut-sided Warbler  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Setophaga pensylvanica

  424. Magnolia Warbler  (ph)  ______  se
    Setophaga magnolia

  425. Cape May Warbler  (AKvr)  ______
    Setophaga tigrina

  426. Black-throated Blue Warbler  (AKvr)  ______
    Setophaga caerulescens

  427. Black-throated Green Warbler  (AKvr)  ______
    Setophaga virens

  428. Prairie Warbler  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Setophaga discolor

  429. Palm Warbler  (AKvr)  ______
    Setophaga palmarum

  430. Black-and-white Warbler  (AKvr)  ______
    Mniotilta varia

  431. American Restart  (ph)  ______  se
    Setophaga ruticilla

  432. Ovenbird  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Seiurus aurocapilla

  433. Northern Waterthrush  (*)  ______  FTak  se,sc,SW,CE,WE
    (formerly Seiurus) noveboracensis

  434. Wilson's Warbler  (*)  ______  p1  FTak  SE,SC,SW,CE,we
    (formerly Wilsonia) pusilla

  435. Canada Warbler  (ph)  ______
    Cardellina canadensis 
    (formerly Wilsonia canadensis

  436. Mourning Warbler  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Oporornis) philadelphia

  437. MacGillivray's Warbler  (ph)  ______  se
    (formerly Oporonistolmiei

  438. Common Yellowthroat  (ph)  ______  se
    Geothlypis trichas

    BLACKBIRDS & allies

  439. Red-winged Blackbird  (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  se,sc,ce
    Agelaius phoeniceus

  440. Rusty Blackbird  (t3) (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,ce,we,no
    Euphagus carolinus 

  441. Brewer's Blackbird  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Euphagus cyanocephalus

  442. Yellow-headed Blackbird  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Zanthocephalus xanthocephalus

  443. Common Grackle  (AKvr)  ______
    Quiscalus quiscula

  444. Brown-headed Cowbird  (ph)  ______  se
    Molothrus ater 

  445. Western Meadowlark  (AKvr)  ______
    Sturnella neglecta

  446. Bobolink  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Dolichonyx oryzivorus

  447. Orchard Oriole  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Icterus spurius 


  448. Western Tanager  (ph)  _____  se
    Piranga ludoviciana

  449. Scarlet Tanager  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Piranga olivacea


  450. Spotted Towhee  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Pipilo maculatus

  451. American Tree Sparrow  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  se,sc,sw,CE,WE,no
    Spizelloides arborea 
    (formerly Spizella arborea)

  452. Chipping Sparrow  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  nac  se,ce
    Spizella passerina

  453. Clay-colored Sparrow  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Spizella pallida

  454. Brewer's Sparrow  (ph)  ______  ce
    Spizella breweri

  455. Lark Sparrow  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Chondestes grammacus

  456. Savannah Sparrow  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  nac  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Passerculus sandwichensis 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  457. Fox Sparrow  ______  SE,SC,SW,CE,WE,no
    Passerella iliaca

    "Red Fox Sparrow"  (*)  ______   FTak  nac  CE,WE

    Passerella i. iliaca

    The "Red" Fox Sparrow occurs in Alaska near Nome and eastward in northern & central Alaska.

    Sooty Fox Sparrow"  (*)  ______  1 
    FTak  SC
    Passerella iliaca unalaschcensis 

    The "Sooty" Fox Sparrow occurs in Alaska on the Kenai Peninsula.

  458. Song Sparrow  (*) (ph)  ______  p1  FTak  SE,SC,SW
    Melospiza melodia inexpectata 
    (a dark subspecies in southern coastal Alaska, and in Canada in British Colombia & the Yukon)
    Melospiza meloda sanaka 
    (a large subspecies in Alaska in the eastern Aleutian Islands)
    Melospiza meloda maxima 
    (a second large Alaskan subspecies in the Aleutians)

    Another large subspecies in the Aleutian Islands, Melospiza melodia amaka, endemic to Amak Island, was last seen there around New Year's Eve 1980.1981. Devegetation of the island caused the bird's demise.

    In all, there are 29 subspecies of the Song Sparrow north of Mexico. The largest are those in Alaska in the Aleutians.    

    A Song Sparrow seen during a FONT tour in the Pribilof Islands was thought to be ship-assisted.  

  459. Lincoln's Sparrow  (*)  ______  FTak  SE,SC,sw,CE,we
    Melospiza lincolnii

  460. Swamp Sparrow  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Melospiza georgiana

  461. Golden-crowned Sparrow  (*)  ______ FTak  se,SC,SW,ce,WE,no
    Zonotrichia atricapilla

  462. White-crowned Sparrow  (*) (ph)  ______  FTak  nac  se,sc,SW,CE,WE,no
    Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii 
    (subspecies from Alaska to central Canada) 

  463. White-throated Sparrow  ______  se
    Zonotrichia albicollis

  464. Harris' Sparrow  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Zonotrichia querula

  465. Dark-eyed Junco  ______  SE,SC,sw,CE,we,no
    Junco hyemalis

    "Slate-colored Junco"  (*) (ph)  ______ 
    FTak  SC
    Junco hyemalis hyemalis

    "Oregon Junco"  ______  SE
    Junco hyemalis oreganus 
    (in southeastern Alaska, and south to into California) 

  466. Lapland Longspur  (ph)  ______  p7  FTak   FTjp  se,SC,SW,CE,WE,NO
    Calcarius lapponicus

    In the Old World, the Lapland Longspur is called the Lapland Bunting.

  467. Smith's Longspur  (ph)  ______  FTak  ce,no
    Calcarius pictus

  468. Snow Bunting  (ph)  ______  p7  FTak  FTjp  se,sc,SW,ce,WE,NO
    (formerly Plectrophenax) nivalis

  469. McKay's Bunting  (nt) (B) ______  1  FTak  sw,we
    (formely Plectrophenax) hyperboreus

    The McKay's Bunting breeds only on Hall & St. Matthew's Islands in the Bering Sea, and occasionally on St. Lawrence Island & probably on St. Paul Island in the Pribilofs. It winters along the wet Alaska coast mainly from Kotzebue to the tip of the Alaska Peninsula. 

  470. Pine Bunting  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______
    Emberiza leucocephalos

  471. Little Bunting  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Emberiza pusilla

  472. Rustic Bunting  (NAr) (OW)  ______  FTjp  sw
    Emberiza rustica

  473. Elegant Bunting  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr) (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Emberiza elegans

    The Elegant Bunting has been called the Yellow-throated Bunting.

  474. Yellow-breasted Bunting  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  (ph)  ______  FTjp
    Emberiza aureola

  475. Grey Bunting  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Emberiza variabilis

  476. Common Reed Bunting  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Emberiza schoenichus

  477. Pallas' Reed Bunting  (NAr) (OW) (AKvr)  ______  FTjp
    Emberiza pallasi

    GROSBEAKS & allies

  478. Dickcissel  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Spiza americana

  479. Rose-breasted Grosbeak  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Pheucticus ludovicianus

  480. Black-headed Grosbeak  (AKvr)  ______
    Pheucticus melanocephalus

  481. Blue Grosbeak  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Passerina caerulea

  482. Indigo Bunting  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Passerina cyanea

  483. Lazuli Bunting  (AKvr) (ph)  ______
    Passerina amoena


  484. House Sparrow  (AKr)  ______
    Passer domesticus  


During the 1997 FONT Alaska Tour, all 4 species of eider were seen at Barrow.

Photos of Some of the Alcids 
Seen during FONT Tours in Alaska 

Common Murres

Least Auklet

Horned Puffin


Tufted Puffin