PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876


A Birding & Nature Tour 
in a Wild & Beautiful Land 
with Experiences 
Always to be Remembered!


May 23 - June 6, 2016 

(Tour FON/AK-1 a & b '16)

Tour AK-1a: In the SOUTH in Anchorage, Valdez, and the Denali Area
May 23-30
Tour AK-1b: In the NORTH from Fairbanks to the North Slope 
May 31 - June 6   

The complete itinerary follows below.

A photograph of an Alaskan coast, taken during a previous FONT tour,
in the light of the Midnight Sun.


A List of Alaska Birds, noting those during FONT tours  (with some photos)

A List & Photo Gallery of North American Birds, in 6 parts

Alaska Mammals  (with some photos)      Alaska Butterflies  

Alaska Wildflowers     "Northern Plants" inc. those in Alaska, Iceland, & Hokkaido, Japan

Marine Life of Western North America, including Alaska  (with some photos) 

FONT Tour Registration Form


Above: a Snowy Owl.  Below: a Harbor Seal
(upper photo by Marie Gardner; lower photo by Howard Eskin)


Mon: May 23
  Arrival in Anchorage. The night's accommodation there, not far from the
Cook Inlet.
The extensive mudflats there can be, dependent upon the tide, superb for flocks of shorebirds. Dependent upon our arrival times and the tide, there may be some good shorebirding before the day's end.

Tue: May 24  Birding from Anchorage east along the Glenn Highway toward Glenallen
There will be truly beautiful scenery along the way, as there will honestly be throughout much of this Alaska. But, this day, along the first highway of the tour, there will be snow-clad mountains, glaciers, rivers, ponds, lakes, and forest that will make a memorable first impression.
And the birds will too. Among them, those of the boreal forest, including: Gray Jay, Boreal Chickadee, Pine Grosbeak, and hopefully, our first Northern Hawk Owl. 
On ponds, there would be Trumpeter Swans, Barrow's Goldeneyes, other ducks, and loons.
Among the mammals that we could see: our first Moose, and Bears (both Black and Brown).
Our overnight will be at the nice lodge at Sheep Mountain, a place where in the past we've had very good meals, in addition to the beautiful scenery right outside the door.
Sheep Mountain is so-called because the all-white Dall's Sheep are there, either high up on teh rocks, or, if we're lucky, closer to us.        

Wed & Thu: May 25 & 26  After lunch on Wednesday, we'll head east toward Glenallen, where we'll spend that night and the next. 
Later in the day on Wednesday, we'll do our first exploring in the area of the Wrangell - St. Elias National Park and Preserve. We'll make an effort this day to see Spruce Grouse, but we will see a good many other birds as well, and probably some interesting mammals. 
The Wrangell - St. Elias National Park is the largest of all the US national parks, with 13.2 million acres, of which 9.7 million acres is designated as "wilderness". The large size of the park is why we'll be spending two nights in Glenallen and much of two days in the area.
The national park is the size of the country of Switzerland, and the mountains in it are higher.
Some of the back roads that we'll travel looking for Spruce Grouse, and other boreal birds, can be as good as any for Lynx, Timber Wolf, and Wolverine ("interesting mammals" indeed).
Time, this day, should permit us this day to go to Tok, where we'll drive a bit of the famed Alaska Highway, as we go to and from the Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge, one of the two national wildlife refuges in Alaska accessible by vehicle. Another set of birds, of open habitats, will be found there.
Two overnights in Glenallen.               

Fri: May 27  We'll head south from Glenallen toward Valdez, looking for birds and mammals along the way. Assuredly, we'll see some "good things" in both categories.
We'll be in the Copper River Valley, and along the western edge of the Wrangell - St. Elias National Park.
The last section of the drive, before Valdez, is said to be one of the most beautiful stretches of road anywhere in North America, and thus, also, anywhere in the world.
Our first overnight in Valdez, a small town on the coast of the Prince William Sound. Oh, one thing about the Valdez area: we've been told that there are four times as many bears there than there are people, both Black Bears and Brown Bears.     


Two species of Puffins in the Valdez area,
the Tufted Puffin
(left), the Horned Puffin (right).
(Photos by Paul West during a FONT tour)

Sat: May 28 
But a highlight of what we'll be doing in Valdez, and in fact one of the highlights of our whole tour, will be a boat-trip in the Prince William Sound during which, among other things, we should see murrelets: including the now critically endangered Kittlitz's among them.
The Kittlitz's Murrelet like the water near glaciers, and during the boat-tip we'll be at the right place, close to the glacial ice. 
And other birds will been seen too, including two species of Puffins, the Horned and the Tufted, and the Red-faced Cormorant, just to name a few.   
Marine mammals
likely to be seen will include various whales, sea-lions and sea otters. The most likely whales will be Humpback Whale and the Orca. Also porpoises.  
It'll be a day never to be forgotten. At the end of the day, a wonderful meal of Alaskan seafood (with fine fish such as salmon), and our second overnight in Valdez. 

Sun: May 29  Leaving Valdez, after the bears and the sea-life, and whatever else we've seen, we'll head north, back through Glenallen, but continuing beyond to the area of Paxson, we should find birds not yet found during the tour.
A target species would be the Smith's Longspur. And there should be birds still in their migration to their breeding sites further north in Alaska. Among them, maybe the Red Phalarope. 
Some species on their way north we may not encounter when, later during the tour, we go further north.
Birds that we could see this day include: Townsend's Solitaire, Bohemian Waxwing, Lapland Longspur, Long-tailed Jaeger, Golden Plover, Golden-crowned Sparrow, and American Tree Sparrow, just to name a few.
We have some birding contacts in the Glenallen area and if there are any "unusual birds" about, in the area, we'll know, and go for what we can. 
One thing we would go for, if we get a site, would be Great Gray Owl. (And we're aiming to get a site!)
Overnight in the Paxon area.

Mon: May 30  If road conditions permit, we'll travel along the Denali Highway, one of the most spectacular drives anywhere, not only in Alaska but anywhere
The area is wilderness and has wildlife as wilderness does, with mammals including bears and moose, and birds including nesting Long-tailed Jaeger and Rock Ptarmigan.
We'll overnight in Cantwell, at the west end of the Denali Highway, and near the Denali National Park.

If we can not travel along the Denali Highway (and if that were to be it would most likely be due to flooding), we'll travel north instead from Paxson to Delta Junction along the famed Alaska Highway east of Fairbanks.
Along that route there would be birds and other nature to be found and enjoyed much as there would be along the Denali Highway. The scenery, either way, is truly far from shabby. If we take the alternate route, our overnight will be in Delta Junction. 

Male & female Rock Ptarmigan

(Drawing by Charles Gambill)

Part Two of this FONT Alaska Birding and Nature Tour
north from Fairbanks to the Brooks Range and by the Arctic Ocean

Tue: May 31  Travel from either Cantwell or Delta Junction to Fairbanks, with birding along the way. 
Overnight in Fairbanks, following some time filled with more birding, other nature observation, and some sightseeing in the Fairbanks area. 

Wed: Jun 1  We'll drive north from Fairbanks and begin our travel on Dalton Highway
Along that road, that goes due north toward the Arctic Ocean, parallel to the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, we'll experience some interesting birding, and miles of wilderness not be so experienced nearly anywhere else. 
The first stretch of road will be in predominantly spruce forest, but with other trees too, where birds could include Alder and Olive-sided Flycatchers, White-winged Crossbill, Northern Goshawk, just to name some.
We'll cross the large Yukon River (on the only bridge over it in Alaska). 
Further north, in more open country, we'll go atop Finger Mountain, where there are some interesting plants, butterflies, and birds of the tundra
In late May, there should still be a large number of birds in migration, going north as we are. The birdlife may be abundant, with raptors, including both hawks and eagles, as well as Short-eared Owl, Sandhill Crane, Long-tailed Jaeger, Lapland Longspur, and shorebirds no where near the coast, such as American Golden Plover, Whimbrel, and Hudsonian Godwit
An exciting mammal will certainly be a possibility as we continue along the highway.
During our travel this day, we'll not only will we cross the Yukon, but also the Arctic Circle, at a latitude of 66 degrees north. There are not many places on Earth where one can cross that imaginary line in a vehicle, and so enter the Arctic.
Yes, we'll truly be in "the Arctic". A book was written back in the 1930s, said to be a classic, entitled "Arctic Village". It was written by Robert Marshall, one of the founders of the Wilderness Society.
The "village" referred to in that book is Wiseman, in the pristine, wild valley of the Koyukuk River.
Marshall  wrote about that area when there was no road (the Dalton Highway was made later in 1974). To get to Wiseman when "Arctic Village" was written, the most common mode of transportation was dogsled in the winter. During subsequent years, and before the road, a small plane was the way.
Nowadays, there are just over a dozen permanent residents in Wiseman, and we'll spend the night there in a "lodge", miles away from civilization as most of us know it.
If we're with good fortune, during our time there we may hear wolves howl, or see one or more. Near the town, there's another good chance for Northern Hawk Owl, at a place where most years lately they've been known to nest. Another possibility in the area is the Boreal Owl.

Thu: Jun 2  We'll do a lot of exploring and birding, this day, further north along the Dalton Highway before returning to Wiseman for a second night.
We'll go to the Atigun Pass, in the Brooks Range, which, at 4,800 feet above sea level, is the highest pass accessible by road in all of Alaska.
In that area, two peaks flank the Kayukuk River, appearing as a "gateway to the Arctic". That phrase was coined by Robert Marshall, and now the name continues as the title of the very big Gateway to the Arctic National Park (the 2nd largest national park in the US), that begins where we will be, and goes for many miles to the west. Going many miles to the east from the Atigun Pass is the huge Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Combined, both areas make a tremendously large wilderness.
We'll pass the last of the spruce trees, as we go parallel to the river. Along the river, we'll look for tattlers and other birds. In sparse stands of Arctic willows, we'll look for Northern Shrikes and other birds.
Falcons could be Merlin, Peregrine, and, yes, Gyrfalcon.
In the area of the pass, we should see, as we did the previous year, Northern Wheatear. Also, Gray-crowned Rosy Finch and American Pipit occur. Both Ptarmigan (Willow & Rock) and Snow Buntings can be found, this day, as well as American Tree Sparrow, Arctic Warbler, and one of "the best" birds to be seen, the Bluethroat.
And, as if these birds were not to be enough, again, an "exciting mammal" could be seen.
At the end of the day, we'll go back to Wiseman for another overnight, and to fill up with fuel for the next day.

Fri: Jun 3  We'll go north again on the Dalton Highway beyond where we had been the previous day. Beyond the Atigun Pass and the Brooks Range, the road continues downslope for miles. The terrain is high, hilly tundra with rocky outscrops and patches of shrubs. It is Rock Ptarmigan country.
At freshwater lakes, that are frozen most of the year, we may see on the open water birds such as Long-tailed Duck, Glaucous Gull, and 3 species of loons.
In the open country, as we continue along the highway, we'll watch for Rough-legged Hawk, Long-tailed Jaeger, Golden Eagle, and still the 3 falcons noted earlier (Merlin, Peregrine, and Gyrfalcon).
Among the passerines in the area are Eastern Yellow Wagtail and both Redpolls (Common & Hoary).
About 60 miles before Deadhorse, we'll be on the coastal tundra (as we'd be getting closer to the Arctic Ocean), where birds would include phalaropes, Parasitic Jaegers, and many geese and ducks. Notable among the latter, the Spectacled Eider is possible. 
Also possible, among the shorebirds, would be a visitor or two from Asia, such as the Red-necked Stint, the Ruff (or Reeve), or the Eastern Black-tailed Godwit.  
Mammals in the area, that could possibly be seen, include Caribou, Musk Oxen, and Arctic Fox.
We'll overnight in Deadhorse. In the area of that settlement, we should see birds such as Snow Bunting, Lapland Longspur, Greater White-fronted Goose, Cackling Goose, Pacific Loon, Red-necked Phalarope, and, there may well be other species too, such as the Red Phalarope, Bar-tailed Godwit and Sabine's Gull.

Sat: Jun 4  After our final birding in and near Deadhorse, we'll start our travel back to Wiseman, with birding of course along the way. Overnight, one last time, in Wiseman.

Sun: Jun 5  Our travel southward along the Dalton Highway will continue back to Fairbanks. And of course our birding will not end until we get there. Overnight in Fairbanks.   

Mon: Jun 6  Our last birding will be in the Fairbanks area, continuing until we're at the airport for our departure from Alaska. 

Tour to be led by Armas Hill.

Prices (in US $):

Tour 1a: southern Alaska, May 23-30: 
Tour 1b:  northern Alaska, May 31 - Jun 6:  $1,595
Tour 1a & 1b, southern & northern Alaska, May 23 - Jun 6: 

All prices based upon double occupancy. Single supplements below. 

Prices include hotel accommodations, meals (except dinners), ground transportation, and birding excursions
(not including flights to/from Alaska)

Single Supplements, if requested:
Tour 1a:
$195    Tour 1b: $185
Tour 1a&b:

Tour prices include:
All overnight accommodations - all of good quality.
Breakfasts and lunches.
All ground transportation.
Boat-trip at Valdez.
Services of FONT birding guide.

Tour prices do not include:
Air transportation.
Dinners. Alcoholic Drinks. Gratuities. Any items of a personal nature

Focus On Nature Tours can arrange air travel, and would seek the best possible fares. 
To do this, FONT should be advised, as soon as possible. 
With reservations and ticketing done early, there may be better fares.

Deposit to register for the tour:
$400 for tour 1a, $400 for tour 1b