Birds during the FONT 
Birding & Nature Tour

in March/April 2003

List compiled by Armas Hill,
leader of the tour


March xx - April x, 2003



hc: in highlands (western), particularly in the area of Ruinas Copan, about 600 meters (1800 feet) above sea-level)

ly: in the area of Lake Yojoa (various habitats) 

cc: along the Caribbean coast, including area of Tela (& Lancetilla)

cs: along the Caribbean slope, including Pico Bonito 

sp: in city of San Pedro Sula 

(t):      a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International.
              (t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt):    a near-threatened species globally.
(i):      an introduced species.
(GUr): rare in Guatemala

(i): introduced species.

r): rare in Honduras
(HNu): uncommon in Honduras 


Mammals & Other Wildlife in Central America 

Butterflies in Central America

Previous Honduras Tour Highlights

Upcoming Central America Tour Itineraries

Photo Gallery of Tropical Latin American Birds & Nature



  1. Little Tinamou ______cs
    Crypturellus soui meserythrus

  2. Pied-billed Grebe ______ ly,cc
    Podilymbus p. podiceps

  3. Least Grebe ______ ly,cc
    Tachybaptus (formerly Podiceps) dominicus

  4. Brown Pelican ______ cc
    Pelecanus occidentalis carolinensis

  5. American White Pelican (HNr) ______ cc
    Pelecanus erythrorhynchos  (monotypic)

  6. Neotropic (formerly called Olivaceous) Cormorant ______ cc
    Phalacrocorax brasilianus mexicanus  (formerly P. olivaceous)

  7. Magnificent Frigatebird ______ cc
    Fregata magnificens  (now said to be monotypic)

  8. Cattle Egret ______ hc,ly,cc
    Bubulcus i. ibis  (the single member of its genus)

  9. Green Heron ______ ly,cc  (was at one time considered conspecific with the nearly-cosmopolitan Striated Heron, and was then called Green-backed Heron) 
    Butorides v. virescens

  10. Little Blue Heron ______ hc,ly,cc
    Egretta caerulea  (monotypic)

  11. Tricolored  (has also been called Louisiana) Heron ______ cc
    Egretta tricolor ruficollis

  12. Snowy Egret ______ hc,cc
    Egretta t. thula

  13. Great Egret ______ hc,ly,cc
    Ardea (formerly Casmerodius or Egretta) alba egretta 

  14. Great Blue Heron ______ ly,cc
    Ardea h. herodias

  15. Bare-throated Tiger-Heron ______ ly,cc
    Tigrisoma mexicanum  (monotypic)

  16. Wood Stork ______ hc,cc
    Mycteria americana  (monotypic)

  17. Black-bellied Whistling-Duck ______ ly,cc  (at one time called Black-bellied Tree-Duck)
    Dendrocygna a. autumnalis

  18. Fulvous Whistling-Duck ______ ly
    Dendrocygna bicolor  (although on 3 continents, monotypic)

  19. Muscovy Duck ______ ly 
    Cairina moschata  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  20. Blue-winged Teal ______ ly,cc
    Anas discors  (monotypic)

  21. Turkey Vulture ______ hc,ly,cc
    Cathartes a. aura  (another subspecies, C. a. meridionalis, from central North America migrates thru Honduras, sometimes in large flocks) 

  22. Black Vulture ______ hc,ly,cc
    Coragyps atratus  (now said to be monotypic) (the single member of its genus)

  23. Osprey ______ ly,cc
    Pandion haliaetus carolinensis  (the single member of its genus) (anotehr subspecies, P.h. ridgwayi, also in eastern Honduras near the Caribbean)

  24. Snail Kite ______ ly
    Rostrhamus s. sociabilis 

  25. White-breasted Hawk ______ hc

  26. Common Black Hawk ______ cc

  27. Gray Hawk ______ hc,cc  (best be merged with the more-southerly Gray-lined Hawk)
    Buteo (or some say Asturina) plagiata  (if merged, would be Buteo. or Asturina, nitida plagiata; if Asturina, the single member of its genus)

  28. Roadside Hawk ______ hc,cc
    Buteo magnirostris griseocauda

  29. Broad-winged Hawk ______ hc,ly
    Buteo p. platypterus  (migrant that breeds further north in North America)

  30. Short-tailed Hawk ______ cs
    Buteo brachyurus fuliginosus

  31. Northern Crested Caracara ______ hc,cc  (formerly conspecific with the now Southern Caracara, Caracara plancus, of South America, generally south of the Amazon)
    Caracara cheriway  (monotypic)

  32. Laughing Falcon ______ hc
    Herpetotheres cachinnans  (the single member of its genus) 

  33. American Kestrel ______ hc
    Falco sparverius tropicalis

  34. Plain Chachalaca ______ cs
    Ortalis vetula intermedia

  35. Limpkin ______ ly
    Aramus guarauna dolosus  (the single member of its genus & family) 

  36. Gray-necked Wood-Rail ______ cc
    Aramides cajanea albiventris

  37. Ruddy Crake (or Red Rail) ______ cs
    Laterallus ruber  (monotypic)

  38. Common Gallinule (or Moorhen) ______ ly
    Gallinula chloropus cachinnans

  39. Purple Gallinule ______ ly,cc
    Porphyrula martinica  (monotypic)

  40. Northern Jacana ______ ly,cc
    Jacana s. spinosa

  41. Black-bellied (or Grey) Plover ______cc
    Pluvialis squatarola cynosurae

  42. Semipalmated Plover ______ cc
    Charadrius semipalmatus  (monotypic)

  43. Black-necked Stilt ______ ly,cc  (by some has been said to be conspecific with the Black-winged Stilt of the Old World) 
    Himantopus (himantopus) mexicanus

  44. "American" Whimbrel ______ ly,cc
    Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus

  45. Solitary Sandpiper ______ hc
    Tringa solitaria

  46. Spotted Sandpiper ______ hc,cc
    Actitis macularia  (monotypic)

  47. Sanderling ______ cc
    Calidris alba

  48. Semipalmated Sandpiper ______ cc
    Calidris pusilla  (monotypic)

  49. Laughing Gull ______ cc
    Larus atricilla megalopterus

  50. Gull-billed Tern (HNu) ______ ly
    Gelochelidon (formerly Sterna) nilotica aranea

  51. Caspian Tern ______ cc,ly
    Hydroprogne (formerly Sterna) caspia  (monotypic)

  52. Royal Tern ______ cc
    Thalasseus (formerly Sterna) m. maxima

  53. Sandwich Tern ______ cc
    Thalasseus (formerly Sterna) sandvicensis acuflavidus

  54. Black Skimmer ______ cc
    Rynchops n. niger

  55. Common (or Feral) Pigeon (i) ______ ly,cc
    Columba livia

  56. Pale-vented Pigeon ______ ly,cc,cs
    Patagioenas (formerly Columba) cayennensis pallidicrissa

  57. Red-billed Pigeon ______ hc,ly
    Patagioenas (formerly Columba) f. flavirostris

  58. White-winged Dove ______ sp,ly
    Zenaida a. asiatica

  59. Ruddy Ground-Dove ______ hc,cc,cs
    Columbina taipacoti rufipennis

  60. Inca Dove ______ hc,cc
    Columbina (or Scrdafella) inca  (monotypic)

  61. White-tipped (formerly White-fronted) Dove ______ hc,ly
    Leptotila verreauxi bangsi

  62. Scarlet Macaw ______ hc
    Ara macao cyanopterus 

  63. Aztec Conure (or Parakeet) ______ hc,cs  (has been considered conspecific with the Olive-throated (or Jamaican) Conure/Parakeet of the West Indies)
    Aratinga a. astec

  64. Brown-hooded Parrot ______ cc,cs
    Pionopsitta h. haematotis

  65. White-fronted Amazon (or Parrot) ______ hc,ly,cs
    Amazona albifrons nana

  66. Red-lored (or Yellow-cheeked) Amazon (or Parrot) ______ ly,cc,cs
    Amazona a. autumnalis

  67. Yellow-headed Amazon (or Parrot) (HNr) ______ cc
    Amazona oratrix hondurensis

  68. Squirrel Cuckoo ______ ly,cs
    Piaya cayana thermophila

  69. Striped Cuckoo ______ ly
    Tapera naevia excellens

  70. Groove-billed Ani ______ hc,ly,cs
    Crotophaga sulciroxtris  (now monotypic, as a "second form" in Mexico has become extinct)

  71. "Ridgway's" Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl ______ ly,sp  (has been considered part of Ferruginous Pygmy Owl of South America)
    Glaucicium r. ridgwayi

  72. Lesser Nighthawk ______ ly,cc
    Chordeiles acutipennis 

  73. Pauraque ______ hs,cc
    Nyctidromus albicollis intercedens

  74. Yucatan Nightjar (HNr) ______ cc (the species was first found to be in Honduras in 1990)
    Caprimulgus badius 

  75. White-collared Swift ______ cs
    Streptoprocne zonaris mexicanus

  76. Chestnut-collared Swift ______ hc
    Cypseloides rutilus griseifrons

  77. Chimney Swift ______ cc
    Chaetura pelagica  (monotypic)

  78. Vaux's (or Dusky-backed) Swift ______ cs
    Chaetura vauxi richmondi

  79. Scaly-breasted Hummingbird ______ ly
    Camplyopterus (has been Phaeochroa) cuvierii roberti 

  80. Green-breasted Mango ______ hc,cc
    Anthracothorax p. prevostii 

  81. White-bellied Emerald ______ hc,cc
    Amazilia c. candida

  82. Azure-crowned Hummingbird ______ cc,hc
    Amazilia c. cyanocephala

  83. Berylline Hummingbird ______ hc
    Amazilia beryllina devillei

  84. Cinnamon Hummingbird ______ hc,ly
    Amazilia rutila corallirostris

  85. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird ______ ly
    Amazilia t. tzacatl

  86. Black-headed Trogon ______ cc,cs  (has been considered conspecific with the Citreoline Trogon of Mexico)
    Trogon melanocephalus  (now monotypic)

  87. Ringed Kingfisher ______ cc
    Megaceryle (formerly Ceryle) t. torquata 

  88. Amazon Kingfisher ______ ch,ly,cc
    Chloroceryle amazona  (now monotypic)

  89. Green Kingfisher ______ cs
    Chloroceryle americana septentrionalis

  90. Turquoise-browed Motmot ______ hc,cc,cs
    Eumomota superciliosa

  91. Blue-crowned Motmot ______ hc,ly,cs
    Momotus momota lessonii

  92. Keel-billed Toucan ______ hc,cs
    Ramphastos s. sulfuratus

  93. Acorn Woodpecker ______ hc
    Melanerpes formicivorus lineatus

  94. Golden-fronted Woodpecker ______hc,ly,cc,cs,sp
    Melanerpes (formerly Centurus) aurifrons santacruzi

  95. Golden-olive Woodpecker ______ hc
    Piculus rubiginosus maximus

  96. Lineated Woodpecker ______ hc,cc
    Dryocopus lineatus similis

  97. Pale-billed Woodpecker ______ cc
    Campephilus g. guatemalensis

  98. Olivaceous Woodcreeper ______ hc
    Sittasomus griseicapillus sylvioides  (the single member of its genus

  99. Cocoa Woodcreeper ______ cc  (formerly part of Buff-throated Woodcreeper)
    Xiphorhynchus susurrans confinis

  100. Ivory-billed (or Laughing) Woodcreeper ______ hc,cs
    Xiphorhynchus flavigaster eburneirostris

  101. Barred Antshrike ______ ly,cc
    Thamnophilus doliatus intermedius

  102. Rose-throated Becard ______ hc
    Pachyramphus aglaiae sumichrasti

  103. White-winged Becard ______ cs
    Pachyramphus polychopterus cinereiventris

  104. Masked Tityra ______ hc,ly,cs
    Tityra semifasciata personata

  105. Fork-tailed Flycatcher ______ hc,ly
    Tyrannus savana monachus

  106. Eastern Kingbird ______ cc
    Tyrannus tyrannus  (monotypic)

  107. Gray Kingbird (mainland HNr) ______ cc
    Tyrannus d. dominicensis

  108. Tropical Kingbird ______ hc,ly,cc,cs,sp
    Tyrannus melancholicus satrapa

  109. Piratic Flycatcher ______ ly,cc
    Legatus leucophaius variegatus  (the single member of its genus)

  110. Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher ______ cc
    Myiodynastes luteiventris  (monotypic)

  111. Streaked Flycatcher ______ hc
    Myiodynastes maculatus insolens

  112. Boat-billed Flycatcher ______ hc,cs
    Megarynchus pitangua

  113. Social Flycatcher ______ hc,ly,cc,cs
    Myiozetetes similis texensis

  114. Great Kiskadee ______ hc,ly,cc,cs,sp
    Pitangus sulphuratus guatimalensis

  115. Brown-crested Flycatcher ______ hc,cc
    Myiarchus tyrannulus cooperi

  116. Great Crested Flycatcher ______ hc
    Myiarchus crinitus  (monotypic)

  117. Dusky-capped Flycatcher ______ hc
    Myiarchus tuberculifer connectens

  118. Bright-rumped Attila ______ cc
    Attila spadicus flammulatus

  119. Black Phoebe ______ hc
    Sayornis nigricans aquaticus

  120. Greater Pewee ______ hc

  121. Western Wood-Pewee ______ hc
    Contopus sordidulus

  122. Tropical Pewee ______ ly,cs
    Contopus cinereus brachytarsus

  123. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher ______ cs,hc,ly
    Empidonax flaviventis  (monotypic)

  124. Acadian Flycatcher ______ hc,cc
    Empidonax virescens  (monotypic)

  125. Least Flycatcher ______ hc,cs
    Empidonax minimus  (monotypic)

  126. Northern Royal Flycatcher ______ cc  (has been considered conspecific with related South Anerican species: the Amazonian Royal Flycatcher, Pacific Royal Flycatcher, and Atlantic Royal Flycatcher) 
    Onychorhynchus mexicanus  (if distinct from other Royal Flycatchers, monotypic)

  127. Common Tody-Flycatcher ______ hc,ly
    Todirostrum cinereum finitimum

  128. Northern Bentbill ______ hc
    Oncostoma cinereigulare  (monotypic)

  129. Greenish Elaenia ______ hc,cc
    Myiopagis viridicata placens

  130. Yellow-bellied Elaenia ______ hc,ly
    Elaenia flavogaster subpagana

  131. Paltry (or Mistletoe) Tyrannulet ______ hc
    Zimmerius v. vilissimus  

  132. White-collared Manakin ______ cs
    Manacus candei

  133. Brown Jay ______ hc,ly,cs
    Cyanocorax m. morio

  134. Bushy-crested Jay ______ hc
    Cyanocorax m. melanocyanneus

  135. White-throated Magpie-Jay ______ hc  (has been considered conspecific with Black-throated Magpie-Jay of Mexico)
    Calocitta formosa pompata

  136. Green Jay ______ hs,ly
    Cyanocorax yncas centralis

  137. Rufous-browed Peppershrike ______ hc
    Cyclarhis gujanensis

  138. Yellow-throated Vireo ______ cs
    Vireo flavifrons  (monotypic)

  139. Plumbeous (formerly part of Solitary) Vireo ______ hc
    Vireo plumbeus montanus

  140. Wood Thrush ______ hc,ly,cs
    Hylocichia (formerly Catharus) mustelinus  (monotypic, and now the single member of its genus) 

  141. Clay-colored Thrush (or Robin) ______ hc,ly,cs,sp
    Turdus grayi megas

  142. Tropical Mockingbird ______ hc
    Mimus gilvus gracils

  143. Gray Catbird ______ ly,cs
    Dumetella carolinensis  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  144. Purple Martin ______ ly
    Progne subis 

  145. Gray-breasted Martin ______ sp
    Progne c. chalybea

  146. Northern Rough-winged Swallow ______ hc,ly
    Stelgidopteryx serripennis

  147. Barn Swallow ______ hc,ly
    Hirundo rustica 

  148. American Cliff Swallow ______ ly
    Hirundo pyrrhonota

  149. Brown Creeper ______ hc
    Certhia americana extima

  150. Rufous-naped Wren ______ ly,sp
    Campylorhynchus rufinucha castaneus

  151. Spot-breasted Wren ______ cs  (closely related to Speckle-breasted Wren of South America)
    Thryothous maculipectus

  152. Rufous-and-white Wren ______ ly
    Thryothous r. rufalbus

  153. Plain Wren ______ hc
    Thryothous modestus

  154. (Southern) House Wren ______ hc
    Troglodytes (aedon?) musculus intermedius

  155. White-breasted Wood-Wren ______ cc,cs
    Henicorhina leucosticta prostheleuca

  156. Black-and-white Warbler ______ hc,cs
    Mniotilta varia  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  157. Blue-winged Warbler ______ cs
    Vermivora pinus  (monotypic)

  158. Tennessee Warbler ______ hc,ly,cs
    Vermivora peregrina  (monotypic)

  159. Tropical Parula ______ ly
    Parula pitiayumi nigrilora

  160. Yellow Warbler ______ hc,ly,cc,cs
    Dendroica aestiva  (was Dendroica petechia when Mangrove Warbler not split) 

  161. Magnolia Warbler ______ hc,ly,cs
    Dendroica magnolia

  162. Grace's Warbler ______ hc
    Dendroica graciae remota

  163. Chestnut-sided Warbler ______ hc,ly,cs
    Dendroica pensylvanica  (monotypic)

  164. "Audubon's" Yellow-rumped Warbler ______ hc,ly
    Dendroica coronata auduboni

  165. "Myrtle" Yellow-rumped Warbler ______ cc
    Dendroica c. coronata

  166. Black-throated Green Warbler ______ hc
    Dendroica virens  (now said to be monotypic)

  167. Ovenbird ______ cs
    Seiurus aurocapillus  (2 subspecies winter in Central America)

  168. Northern Waterthrush ______ ly,cc
    Seiurus noveboracensis  (now said to be monotypic)

  169. Louisiana Waterthrush ______ cs
    Seiurus motacilla

  170. Common Yellowthroat ______ hc,ly
    Geothlypis trichas  (2 subspecies winter in Central America)

  171. Wilson's Warbler ______ hc,ly,cs
    Wilsonia pusilla  (3 subspecies winter in Central America)

  172. Hooded Warbler ______ ly,cs
    Wilsonia citrina  (monotypic)

  173. American Redstart ______ hc,ly,cs
    Setophaga ruticilla  (now said to be monotypic; the single member of its genus)

  174. Painted Whitestart (or Redstart) ______ hc
    Myioborus pictus

  175. Red-faced Warbler ______ hc

  176. Chestnut-capped Warbler ______ hc  (closely related to, maybe conspecific with Rufous-capped Warbler)
    Basileuterus delattrii

  177. Olive Warbler ______ hc
    Peucedramus taeniatus giraudi

  178. Green Honeycreeper ______ cc,cs
    Chlorophanes spiza guatemalensis

  179. Red-legged Honeycreeper ______ hc,ly
    Cyanerpes cyaneus carneipes

  180. Red-throated Ant-Tanager ______ cc,cs
    Habia fuscicauda salvini

  181. Hepatic Tanager ______ hc
    Piranga hepatica

  182. Summer Tanager ______ hc,ly
    Piranga r. rubra

  183. Scarlet Tanager ______ cc

  184. Crimson-collared Tanager ______ hc,cc
    Phlogothraupis s. sanguinolenta

  185. Passerini's (formerly part of Scarlet-rumped) Tanager ______ cc
    Ramphocelus passerinii  (monotypic)

  186. Blue-gray Tanager ______ hc,ly,cc,cs,sp
    Thraupis episcopus cana

  187. Yellow-winged Tanager ______ hc,ly,cc,cs
    Thraupis abbas  (monotypic)

  188. Yellow-throated Euphonia ______ hc,cs
    Euphonia hirundinacea

  189. Golden-hooded Tanager ______ cs (closely related to the Masked Tanager of South America)
    Tangara l. larvata

  190. Black-headed Saltator ______ hc,ly,cs
    Saltator a. atriceps

  191. Buff-throated Saltator ______ cs
    Saltator maximus magnoides

  192. Rose-breasted Grosbeak ______ hc
    Pheucticus ludovicianus

  193. "Black" Variable Seedeater ______ cs
    Sporophila aurita corvina

  194. White-collared Seedeater ______ ly,cc,cs
    Sporophila torqueola morelleti

  195. Yellow-faced Grassquit ______ hc
    Tiaris olivacea pusilla

  196. Blue-black Grassquit ______ hc
    Volatinia jacarina splendens  (the single member of its genus)

  197. Rusty Sparrow ______ hc,hs
    Aimophila rufescens

  198. Chestnut-headed Oropendola ______ hc,ly
    Zarhynchus w. wagleri

  199. Montezuma Oropendola ______ hc,ly,cs
    Psarocolius montezuma  (monotypic)

  200. Yellow-billed Cacique ______ hc
    Amblycercus h. holosericeus

  201. Altamira Oriole ______ hc
    Icterus gularis gigas

  202. Streak-backed Oriole ______ hc
    Icterus pustulatus alticola

  203. Spot-breasted Oriole ______ hc,ly,cc
    Icterus pectoralis guttulatus

  204. Yellow-backed Oriole ______ hc
    Icterus c. chrysater

  205. Baltimore Oriole ______ hc,ly,cs
    Icterus galbula  (monotypic)

  206. Orchard Oriole ______ hc,ly,cs
    Icterus s. spurius

  207. Red-winged Blackbird ______ ly,cc
    Agelaius phoeniceus richmondi

  208. Melodious Blackbird ______ hc,ly,cb
    Dives dives  (monotypic) 

  209. Great-tailed Grackle ______ hc,ly,cc,cb,sp
    Quiscalus m. mexicanus

  210. Bronzed (or Red-eyed) Cowbird ______ hc,cc
    Molothrus a. aeneus

  211. Giant Cowbird ______ cc
    Scaphidura (Molothrus) oryzivora impacifica

  212. Black-headed Siskin ______ hc
    Carduelis notata forreri

  213. Lesser Goldfinch ______ hc
    Carduelis psaltria colombianus

  214. House Sparrow (i) ______ hc
    Passer domesticus 


Mammals & Other Nature during FONT Tours in Honduras

(in December, February, March, April) 

Mantled Howler Monkey ______ cc
Alouatta palliata

Central American Agouti ______ hc,ly,cs
Dasyprocta punctata

White-nosed Coati ______ ly
Nasua narica

Northern Raccoon ______ cc
Procyon lotor

Neotropical River Otter ______ ly
Lutra longicaudis

Eastern Cottontail ______ ly
Sylvilagus floridanus

Variegated Squirrel ______ ly,cs
Sciurus variegatoides

sac-winged bat (sp.) ______ cc
Saccopteryx spp.

bat (sp.) ______ cc,cs

Leaf-cutter and other ants ______ hc,cs

an assortment of butterflies ______ hc,ly,cc,cs