PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876


BIRDS and 

Focus On Nature Tours

southern Costa Rica 
and adjacent Panana

1991 thru 2015

List compiled by Armas Hill

(photo by Doris Potter)

681 species of birds have cumulatively been found during 27 FONT birding & nature tours in Costa Rica.
Included in those 681 species, are 493 that have been found during FONT tours in southern Costa Rica 
& adjacent western Panama, and they are listed below. 
(Some additional species have also been found in western Panama during FONT Panama tours.)    

The number, to the right of the English bird name, indicates the number of FONT tours 
during which the bird has been found (out of 27). 
Not all tours have been to the same areas, so individual tour-lists have varied.

In the following list, the latest taxonomy is incorporated noting subspecies in Costa Rica. 


(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
 (t1): critical
 (t2): endangered
 (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally

(i): introduced species

(CRe): endemic in Costa Rica
(CRr): rare in Costa Rica

sCR:  during FONT tours in soutern Costa Rica 
wP:   during FONT tours in western Panama (Chiriqui)


A List of Costa Rica Birds     A List of Central America Mammals

A List & Photo Gallery of Central America Butterflies & Moths, in 6 parts

Some Highlights of Previous FONT tours in Costa Rica

Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Central America 

Directory of Photos in this Website



  1. Great Tinamou ______ sCR  23
    Tinamus major fuscipennis

  2. Little Tinamou ______ sCR  12
    Crypturellus soui modestus

  3. Gray-headed Chachalaca ______ sCR  15
    Ortalis cinereiceps 

  4. Crested Guan ______ sCR  16
    Penelope purpurascens aequatorialis

  5. Black Guan (nt) ______ sCR  11  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Chamaepetes unicolor 

  6. Great Curassow (nt) ______ sCR  7
    Crax r. rubra

  7. Spotted Wood Quail ______ sCR  3
    Odontophorus guttatus

  8. Marbled Wood Quail ______ sCR  6
    Odontophorus gujanensis

  9. Black-bellied Whistling Duck ______ sCR wP 15
    Dendrocygna a. autumnalis

  10. Blue-winged Teal ______ sCR wP 18
    Anas discors 

  11. Ring-necked Duck ______ sCR  1
    Aythya collaris 

  12. Masked Duck ______ sCR  5
    Nomoyx dominicus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  13. Pied-billed Grebe ______ sCR  8
    Podilymbus p. podiceps

  14. Least Grebe ______ sCR wP 12
    (formerly Podiceps) dominicus brachypterus

  15. Wood Stork ______ sCR wP  18
    Myceteria americana 

  16. White Ibis ______ sCR wP 21
    Eudocimus albus 

  17. Cattle Egret ______ sCR wP  27
    Bublcus i. ibis

  18. Green Heron ______ sCR  wP  27  (was at one time considered conspecific with the nearly cosmopolitan Striated Heron, and was then called Green-backed Heron)  
    Butorides v. virescens

  19. Little Blue Heron ______ sCR wP  27
    Egretta caerulea 

  20. Tricolored Heron ______ sCR  21  (a former name was Louisiana Heron)
    Egretta tricolor ruficollis

  21. Snowy Egret ______ sCR wP  26
    Egretta t. thula

  22. Great Egret ______ sCR wP 27
    (formerly Casmerodius or Egretta) alba egretta

  23. Great Blue Heron ______ sCR wP  22
    Ardea h. herodias

  24. Bare-throated Tiger-Heron ______ sCR 16
    Tigrisoma mexicanum 

  25. Black-crowned Night-Heron ______ sCR wP 12
    Nycticorax nycticorax hoactli

  26. Boat-billed Heron ______ N S H 18
    Cochlearius cochlearius 
    (the single member of its genus)  (2 subspecies in Costa Rica) 
    Cochlearius cochlearius panamensis 
    (south CR) 

  27. Magnificent Frigatebird ______ N S wP 25
    Fregata magnificens 
    (now said to be monotypic)

  28. Brown Pelican ______ N S wP  25
    Pelecanus occidentalis carolinensis

  29. Brown Booby ______ N S 6
    Sula l. leucogaster

  30. Neotropic Cormorant ______ N S wP  23  (was called Olivaceous Cormorant)
    Phalacrocorax brasilianus 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Phalacrocorax b. brasilianus 
    (south CR) 

  31. Anhinga _____ wP
    Anhinga anhinga 

  32. Turkey Vulture ______ N S H wP 27
    Cathartes a. aura
      (another subspecies, C. a. meridionalis, from central North America, migrates thru Costa Rica, sometimes in large flocks)

  33. Black Vulture ______ N S H wP 27
    Coragyps atratus 
    (now said to be monotypic) (the only member of its genus)

  34. King Vulture ______ N S wP 20
    Sarcoramphus papa 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  35. Northern Crested Caracara ______ N S wP 22
    Caracara cheriway 

  36. Yellow-headed Caracara ______ N SwP 13
    Milvago chimachima cordata

  37. Laughing Falcon ______ N S H 24
    Herpetotheres c. cachinnans 
    (the single member of its genus)

  38. American Kestrel ______ N S H 13
    Falco s. sparverius 
    (subspecies from further north in North America that winters in Costa Rica)  

  39. Merlin ______ S 1
    Falco c. columbarius

  40. Bat Falcon ______ N S wP 17
    Falco rufigularis petoensis

  41. Peregrine Falcon ______ N S wP  12
    Falco peregrinus anatum
    (subspecies from further north in North America that winters in Costa Rica)

  42. Osprey ______ N S wP 22
    Pandion haliaetus carolinensis 
    (the single member of its genus)

  43. Gray-headed Kite ______ N S H (another name has been "Cayenne Kite")
    Leptodon c. cayanensis 

  44. Swallow-tailed Kite ______ N S 20
    Elanoides forficatus 
    (the single member of its genus) (2 subspecies in Costa Rica, E. f. forficatus, & E. f. yetapa)  

  45. Pearl Kite ______ S (first reported in Costa Rica in the mid-1990's; has since occurred along the entire Pacific slope) 
    Gampsonyx swainsonii leonae

  46. White-tailed Kite ______ N S wP 27
    Elanus leucurus majusculus

  47. Double-toothed Kite ______ N S H 11
    Harpagus bidentatus fasciatus

  48. Snail Kite ______  wP
    Rostrhamus sociabilis

  49. Crane Hawk ______ N S H 5
    Geranospiza caerulesens nigra 
    (the single member of its genus)

  50. Northern Harrier ______ S (in Eurasia this species called Hen Harrier)
    Circus cyaneus hudsonius

  51. Sharp-shinned Hawk ______ N S H 10
    Accipiter striatus velox 
    (subspecies from further north in North America that winters in Costa Rica) 
  52. Bicolored Hawk ______ N S H 5
    Accipiter b. bicolor

  53. White Hawk ______ N S H 14
    Leucopternis albicollis costaricensis 

  54. Common Black Hawk ______ N S wP 16
    Buteogallus a. anthracinus
    Buteogallus anthracinus bangsi 
    ("Mangrove Black Hawk"

  55. Great Black Hawk ______ N S wP 10
    Buteogallus urubitinga ridgwayi

  56. Savanna Hawk (CRr) ______ S 1
    Buteogallus meridionalis 

  57. Montane Solitary Eagle (nt) ______ N S 2
    Harpyhaliaetus solitarius sheffleri

  58. Gray-lined Hawk ______ N H S 21 (includes the more-northerly Gray Hawk)
    Buteo nitida costaricensis  (southern CR)  

  59. Roadside Hawk ______ N S wP  26
    Buteo magnirostris 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Buteo magnirostris griseocauda 
    (most of CR)
    Buteo magnirostris petulans 
    (southwest CR)

  60. Broad-winged Hawk ______ N S H 22
    Buteo p. platypterus 
    (migrant that breeds further north in North America) 

  61. Swainson's Hawk ______ N S H 9
    Buteo swainsoni 
    (monotypic)  (migrant that breeds further north in North America, some occasionally winter in Costa Rica)

  62. Short-tailed Hawk ______ N S H P 7
    Buteo brachyurus fuliginosus

  63. White-tailed Hawk ______ N S H 7
    Buteo albicaudatus hypospodius

  64. Zone-tailed Hawk ______ N S H 6
    Buteo albonotatus 

  65. Red-tailed Hawk ______ N S H 17
    Buteo jamaicensis costaricensis

  66. Black Hawk-Eagle ______ N S (another name has been Tyrant Hawk-Eagle)
    Spizaetus tyrannus serus

  67. Uniform Crake ______ N S 2
    Amaurolimnas concolor

  68. Gray-necked Wood-Rail ______ N S H 17
    Aramides cajanea 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Aramides c. cajanea  (most of CR)

  69. White-throated Crake ______ N S H 21
    Laterallus albigularis 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Laterallus albigularis cinereiceps 
    (most of CR)
    Laterallus a. albigularis 
    (southwest CR)

  70. Common Moorhen ______ N S wP  11  (has been called Common Gallinule)
    Gallinula chloropus cachinnans

  71. Purple Gallinule ______ N S wP  21 
    Porphyrio (formerly Porphyrula) martinica 

  72. Sunbittern ______ N S 4
    Eurypyga helias major 
    (a single member of its genus & family) 

  73. Northern Jacana ______ N S wP  26
    Jacana s. spinosa

  74. American Oystercatcher ______  wP

  75. Gray Plover ______  wP   (has been called Black-bellied Plover)
    Pluvialis squatarola cynosurae

  76. Semipalmated Plover ______ N S H 19
    Charadrius semipalmatus 

  77. Wilson's Plover ______ N S H 11
    Charadrius wilsonia beldingi

  78. Killdeer ______ wP 3
    Charadrius v. vociferus

  79. Southern Lapwing  (CRr) ______  S  1  (first recorded in Costa Rica in 1997; has since occurred in lowlands of both Caribbean & Pacific slopes)
    Venellus chilensis cayennensis

  80. Whimbrel ______ N S wP  21
    Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus

  81. Lesser Yellowlegs ______ N S H 14
    Tringa flavipes 

  82. Solitary Sandpiper ______ N S H 18
    Tringa solitaria 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica, T. s. solitaria & T. s. cinnamomea)

  83. "Western" Willet ______ N S wP  20
    (formerly Catoptrophorus) semipalmatus inornatus  (the single member of its genus)

  84. Spotted Sandpiper ______ N S wP  26
    Actitis macularia 

  85. Ruddy Turnstone ______ N S wP 18
    Arenaria i. interpres

  86. Sanderling ______ wP  
    Calidris alba rubida

  87. Semipalmated Sandpiper ______ N S H 9
    Calidris pusilla 

  88. Western Sandpiper ______ N S H 12
    Calidris mauri 

  89. Least Sandpiper ______ N S H 12
    Calidris minutilla 

  90. Black-necked Stilt ______ wP   (was said by some to be conspecific with the Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus, of the Old World)
    Himantopus mexicanus

  91. Laughing Gull ______ N S wP  24
    Larus atricilla megalopterus

  92. Royal Tern ______ N S H 21
    Thalasseus (formerly Sterna) m. maxima

  93. Sandwich Tern ______ N S wP 13
    (formerly Sterna) sandvicensis acuflavida

  94. Common (or Feral) Pigeon (i) ______ N S H P 27
    Columba livia

  95. Scaled Pigeon ______ N S 7
    (formerly Columba) speciosa

  96. Band-tailed Pigeon ______ N S H 18
    (formerly Columba) fasciata crissalis

  97. Pale-vented Pigeon ______ N S H 21
    (formerly Columba) cayennensis pallidicrissa

  98. Red-billed Pigeon ______ N S H 24
    (formerly Columba) flavirostris

  99. Ruddy Pigeon ______ N S 9
    (formerly Columba)subvinacea minima

  100. Short-billed Pigeon ______ N S H 25
    (formerly Columba) nigrirostris  (monotypic)

  101. Mourning Dove ______ N S H 12
    Zenaida macroura turturilla

  102. Common Ground Dove ______ N S H 18
    Columbina passerina neglecta

  103. Plain-breasted Ground Dove ______ N S 5
    Columbina minuta elaeodes

  104. Ruddy Ground Dove ______ N S wP  26
    Columbina taipacoti rufipennis

  105. Blue Ground Dove ______ N S H 10
    Claravis pretiosa 

  106. Inca Dove ______ N S H 22
    (formerly Scardafella) inca  (monotypic)

  107. White-tipped Dove ______ N S wP  26  (a former name was White-fronted Dove)
    Leptotila v, verreauxi

  108. Gray-headed Dove ______ S (was said by some to be conspecific with the Gray-fronted Dove, Leptotila rufaxilla of South America)
    Leptotila p. plumbeiceps

  109. Gray-chested Dove ______ N S H 12
    Leptotila cassinii cerviniventris

  110. Buff-fronted Quail-Dove ______ S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Geotrygon costaricensis 

  111. Chiriqui Quail-Dove ______ S (has also been called Rufous-breasted Quail-Dove; range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Geotrygon chiriquensis 

  112. Ruddy Quail-Dove ______ N S 6
    Geotrygon m. montana
  113. Scarlet Macaw ______ N S H 14
    Ara macao 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Ara m. macao 
    (most populations in CR)  

  114. Finch's Parakeet (or Conure) ______ N S H 20  (has also been called Crimson-fronted Parakeet, or Conure) (total range only from southeastern Nicaragua to western Panama)
    Aratinga finschi 

  115. Orange-fronted Parakeet (or Conure) ______ N S H 18
    Aratinga c. canicularis

  116. "Veragua" Brown-throated Parakeet (or Conure)  ______ sCR wP 1  (a recent arrival in Costa Rica from Panama; now fairly common in southern Pacific lowlands)
    Aratinga pertinax ocularis

  117. Sulphur-winged Parakeet ______ S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Pyrrhura h. hoffmanni

  118. Barred Parakeet ______ N S 4
    Bolborhynchus l. lineola

  119. Orange-chinned Parakeet ______ N S H 27  (another name has been "Tovi Parakeet")
    Brotogeris j. jugularis

  120. Red-fronted Parrotlet (t3) ______ S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama; was at one time considered a race of the Blue-fronted Parrotlet of eastern Panama & northern South America)
    Touit costaricensis 

  121. Brown-hooded Parrot ______ N S H 18
    Pionopsitta h. haematotis

  122. Blue-headed Parrot ______ N S 10
    Pionus menstuus rubigularis

  123. White-crowned Parrot ______ N S H 26
    Pionus senilis 

  124. Red-lored Amazon (or Parrot) ______ N S wP 22
    Amazona autumnalis salvini

  125. Yellow-naped Amazon (or Parrot) (t2) ______ N H 13
    Amazona a. auropalliata 

  126. Mealy Amazon (or Parrot)  ______ N S H 24
    Amazona farinosa virenticeps

  127. Black-billed Cuckoo ______ S 1
    Coccyzus erythropthalmus 

  128. Mangrove Cuckoo ______ N S H 7
    Coccyzus minor 
    (now monotypic)

  129. Squirrel Cuckoo ______ N S H 25
    Piaya cayana thermophila 

  130. Groove-billed Ani ______ N S wP 22
    Crotophaga sulciroxtris 
    (now monotypic, as a "second form" in Mexico now extinct)

  131. Smooth-billed Ani ______ S wP 10
    Crotophaga ani 

  132. Striped Cuckoo ______ N S H 14
    Tapera naevia excellens

  133. Barn Owl ______ N S H 11
    Tyto alba guatemalae

  134. Bare-shanked Screech Owl ______ N S H 10  (total range from Costa Rica to northwestern Colombia)
    (formerly Otus) clarkii  (monotypic)

  135. Spectacled Owl ______ N S H 11
    Pulsatrix perspicillata saturata 

  136. Costa Rican Pygmy Owl ______ N S H (was considered part of the Andean Pygmy-Owl of South America)
    Glaucidium costaricanum 

  137. Mottled Owl ______ N S H 6
    Strix virgata centralis

  138. Striped Owl ______ N S 3
    (formerly Asio) clamator forbesi

  139. Common Potoo  ______ N S 2
    Nyctibius griseus panamensis

  140. Short-tailed Nighthawk ______ N S (another name has been Semicollared Nighthawk)
    Lurocalis semitorquatus noctivagus

  141. Common Nighthawk ______ S 1
    Chordeiles minor panamensis 
    (other subspecies occur in Costa Rica as migrants)

  142. Lesser Nighthawk ______ N S H 16
    Chordeiles acutipennis littoralis 
    (other subspecies occur in Costa Rica as migrants)

  143. Pauraque ______ N S H 27
    Nyctidromus albicollis intercedens 
    (the single member of its genus)

  144. Dusky Nightjar ______ S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Caprimulgus saturatus 

  145. White-tailed Nightjar ______ S wP 2
    Caprimulgus cayennensis albicauda

  146. American Black Swift ______ N S 4
    Cypseloides niger costaricensis

  147. White-chinned Swift ______ N S 3
    Cypseloides cryptus 

  148. Chestnut-collared Swift ______ N S 5
    (formerly Cypseloides) rutilus  (monotypic)

  149. White-collared Swift ______ N S H 26
    Streptoprocne zonaris bouchelli

  150. Costa Rican Swift ______ S 9 (has been considered conspecific with more-southerly Band-rumped Swift, Chaetura spinicaudus; the range of the Costa Rican Swift is southern Costa Rica & adjacent Chiriqui province in Panama) 
    Chaetura fumosa 

  151. "Dusky-backed" Vaux's Swift ______ N S wP 21
    Chaetura vauxi richmondi

  152. Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift ______ N S H 13
    Panyptila c. cayennensis

  153. Band-tailed Barbthroat ______ N S 8
    Threnetes ruckeri ventosus

  154. Bronzy Hermit ______ N S 7
    Glaucis aenea 

  155. Green Hermit ______ N S H 15
    Phaethornis guy coruscus

  156. Long-billed Hermit ______ N S H 17  (was, at one time, part of the Long-tailed Hermit, a species now restricted to South America)
    Phaethornis longirostris cephalus

  157. Stripe-throated Hermit ______ N S H 21  (formerly conspecific with Little Hermit of northeast South America, another name has been "Boucard's Hermit", Phaethornis adolphi)
    Phaethornis striigularis saturatus
    (genus formerly said to be Pygmornis

  158. White-tipped Sicklebill ______ S 2
    Eutoxeres aquila salvini 

  159. Scaly-breasted Hummingbird ______ N S (another name has been "Cuvier's Hummingbird")
    Campylopterus (has been Phaeochroa) cuvierii  (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Campylopterus cuvierii roberti 
    (east CR)
    Campylopterus cuvierii maculicauda 
    (west CR)

  160. Violet Sabrewing ______ N S wP 19
    Campylopterus hemileucurus mellitus 

  161. White-necked Jacobin ______ N S H 13
    Florisuga m. mellivora 

  162. Brown Violetear ______ N S wP 8
    Colibri delphinae 
    (now monotypic)

  163. Green Violetear ______ N S wP 18  
    Colibri thalassinus cabanidis 

  164. Veraguan Mango (has been part of Green-breasted Mango)  ______  wP 

  165. Green-breasted Mango ______ N S H 14  (another name has been "Prevost's Mango")
    Anthracothorax prevostii gracilirostris

  166. Violet-headed Hummingbird ______ N S H 11
    Klais guimeti merrittii 
    (the single member of its genus)

  167. White-crested Coquette ______ S (another name has been "Adorable Coquette") (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Lophornis adorabilis

  168. Green Thorntail ______ N S H 10
    (formerly Popelairia) conversii  (monotypic)

  169. Salvin's Emerald ______ N S H 10  (this, and the more-northerly Canivet's Hummingbird and the more-southerly Garden Emerald have split from what was the Fork-tailed Emerald)
    Chlorostilbon salvini

  170. Garden Emerald ______ S (this, and the Canivet's & the Salvin's Emeralds have been split from what was the Fork-tailed Emerald) (total range limited to Costa Rica & Panama)
    Chlorostilbon assimilis

  171. Violet-crowned Woodnymph ______ N S H 19
    Thalurania colombica venusta

  172. Fiery-throated Hummingbird ______ S 13  (total range restricted to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Panterpe i. insignis 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Costa Rica) (the single member of its genus)

  173. Blue-throated Sapphire ______ N S H 10  (has also been called Blue-throated Goldentail)
    Hylocharis e. eliciae

  174. Charming Hummingbird ______ S (another name has been Beryl-crowned Hummingbird; formerly considered conspecific with the Blue-chested Hummingbird) (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Amazilia decora

  175. Snowy-bellied Hummingbird ______ S wP (total range is Costa Rica & Panama)
    Amazilia edward niveoventer

  176. Mangrove Hummingbird (t2) (CRe) ______ N S H (total range limited to the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, where it occurs only in mangroves) 
    Amazilia boucardi 

  177. Cinnamon Hummingbird ______ N S H 18
    Amazilia rutila corallirostris

  178. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird ______ N S H 26
    Amazilia t. tzacatl 

  179. Stripe-tailed Hummingbird ______ N S H 5
    Eupherusa eximia

  180. Black-bellied Hummingbird ______ N S H (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Eupherusa nigriventris

  181. White-tailed Emerald ______ S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Elvira chionura

  182. Coppery-headed Emerald (CRe) ______ N S H 13  (total range limited to Costa Rica) 
    Elvira cupreiceps 

  183. Gray-tailed Mountaingem (CRe) ______ S 10  (this, and the White-throated and Purple-throated Mountaingems were considered conspecific; when so, the name was Variable Mountaingem)  (total range limited to southern Costa Rica)
    Lampornis cincereicauda 

  184. Purple-throated Mountaingem ______ N S H 17  (was considered conspecific with the Gray-tailed and White-throated Mountaingems, the latter in Panama) (total range limited to Nicaragua & Costa Rica) 
    Lampornis calolaema 
    (3 subspecies in Costa Rica)

  185. White-throated Mountaingem  ______  wP

  186. Green-crowned Brilliant ______ N S H 20
    Heliodoxa jacula henryi 
  187. Magnificent Hummingbird ______ N S wP 19  (another species to the north, in northern Central America, Mexico, & the southwest US, has been called the "Rivoli's Hummingbird")
    Eugenes fulgens spectabilis

  188. Purple-crowned Fairy ______ N S H 16
    Heliothryx barroti 

  189. Long-billed Starthroat ______ S 2
    Heliomaster l. longirostris

  190. Magenta-throated Woodstar (nt) ______ N S H 13  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Calliphlox bryantae 

  191. Ruby-throated Hummingbird ______  wP 9
    Archilochus colubris 

  192. Scintillant Hummingbird ______ N S H 18   (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Selasphorus scintilla 

  193. Volcano Hummingbird ______ N S 19  (red-gorgeted form in Costa Rica formerly considered a species: the "Cerise-throated Hummingbird", Selasphorus simoni) (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama) 
    Selasphorus flammula 
    (3 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Selasphorus f. flammula 
    (Irazu & Turrialba volcanoes)
    Selasphorus flammula simoni 
    (Poas & Barva volcanoes)
    Selasphorus flammula torridus 
    (Talamanca range) 

  194. Resplendent Quetzal (nt) ______ N S H 19
    Pharomachrus mocinno costaricensis 

  195. Slaty-tailed Trogon ______ N S H 21  (another name has been "Massena Trogon")
    Trogon massena hoffmanni

  196. Baird's Trogon (nt) ______ S (closely related to, and has been said by some to be conspecific with the Western White-tailed Trogon of Panama & northern South America; another name has been "Vermilion-breasted Trogon'") (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Trogon bairdii 

  197. Collared Trogon ______ N S H 19
    Trogon collaris puella
    Trogon collaris underwoodi
    ("Orange-bellied Trogon": range in Costa Rica & western Panama) 

  198. Black-throated Trogon ______ N S H 10
    Trogon rufus tenellus

  199. Gartered Trogon ______ N S H 20  (was part of the Violaceous Trogon of South America) 
    Trogon caligatus
    (formerly violaceus) concinnus 

  200. Ringed Kingfisher ______ N S wP 24
    (formerly Ceryle) t. torquata

  201. Amazon Kingfisher ______ N S wP 21
    Chloroceryle amazona 
    (now monotypic)

  202. Green Kingfisher ______ N S H 26
    Chloroceryle americana septentrionalis

  203. American Pygmy Kingfisher ______ N S H 12
    Chloroceryle a. aenea 

  204. Blue-crowned Motmot ______ N S H 24  (an alternate name, especially for the southern races, in South American, would be "Blue-diademed Motmot"
    Momotus momota lessonii 

  205. Rufous-tailed Jacamar ______ N S H 11
    Galbula ruficauda melanogenia 
  206. White-necked Puffbird ______ N S H 11
    (formerly Bucco) macrorhynchos hyperrynchus

  207. White-whiskered Puffbird  ______ N S (an alternate name would be "White-whiskered Softwing")
    Malacoptila panamensis fuliginosa

  208. Red-headed Barbet ______ N S H 5
    Eubucco bourcieri salvini

  209. Prong-billed Barbet ______ N S H 11  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Semnornis frantzii 

  210. "Blue-throated" Emerald Toucanet ______ N S H 19  (a distinct subspecies from the "White-throated" Emerald Toucant of northern Central America)
    Aulacorhynchus prasinus caeruleogularis 

  211. Fiery-billed Aracari ______ S H 10  (was considered by some as conspecific with the Collared Aracari)
    Pteroglossus frantzii 
  212. Chestnut-mandibled Toucan ______ N S H 25  (another name has been "Swainson's Toucan")
    Ramphastos ambiguus

  213. Olivaceous Piculet ______ S 4
    Picumnus olivaceus flavotinctus

  214. Acorn Woodpecker ______ N S H 14
    Melanerpes formicivorus striatipectus

  215. Golden-naped Woodpecker ______ S 10  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    (formerly Tripsurus, then Centurus) c. chrysauchen 

  216. Hoffmann's Woodpecker ______ N S H 23  (total range from southern Honduras to Costa Rica)
    (formerly Centurus) hoffmannii  (monotypic)

  217. Red-crowned Woodpecker ______ S wP 12
    (formerly Centurus) r. rubricapillus

  218. Yellow-bellied Sapsucker ______ N S H 2
    Sphyrapicus varius 

  219. Hairy Woodpecker ______ N S H 13
    Picoides villosus sanctorum

  220. Golden-olive Woodpecker ______ N S H 11
    Piculus rubiginosus yucatanensis

  221. Rufous-winged Woodpecker ______ N S H (closely related to Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker of Panama & White-throated Woodpecker of South America) (total range from eastern Honduras to western Panama) 
    Piculus simplex 

  222. Lineated Woodpecker ______ N S wP 25
    Dryocopus lineatus 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Dryocopus l. lineatus 
    (most of CR) 

  223. Pale-billed Woodpecker ______ N S 23  (another name has been "Flint-billed Woodpecker")
    Campephilus g. guatemalensis

  224. Red-capped Manakin ______ N S wP  20
    Pipra mentalis 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Pipra m. mentalis 
    (east CR)
    Pipra mentalis ignifera 
    (west CR) 

  225. Blue-crowned Manakin ______ S H 9
    Lepidothrix coronata velutina

  226. Lance-tailed Manakin ______ S 3
    Chiroxiphia lanceolata 

  227. White-ruffed Manakin ______ N S H 12
    Corapipo altera
    (formerly leucorrhoa, leucorrhoa, that's now the scientific name of the formerly conspecific White-bibbed Manakin of northern South America)  White-bibbed Manakin of northern South America)  White-bibbed Manakin of northern South America) 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Corapipo altera heteroleuca 
    (southwest CR) 

  228. Orange-collared Manakin ______ S (has been considered conspecific with the White-collared Manakin, and with the Golden-collared Manakin of Panama; these 3 Central American manakins are closely related to the White-bearded Manakin, Manacus manacus, of South America) (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Manacus aurantiacus

  229. Masked Tityra ______ N S H 27
    Tityra semifasciata costaricensis

  230. Black-crowned Tityra ______ N S H 16
    Tityra inquisitor fraserii

  231. Thrushlike Schiffornis ______ N S H 11  (has been called Thrushlike Mourner and Thrushlike Manakin - but neither a mourner nor a manakin)
    Schiffornis turdina veraepacis

  232. White-winged Becard ______ N S H 7
    Pachyramphus polychopterus similis

  233. Black-and-white Becard ______ S 1
    Pachyramphus albogriseus ornatus

  234. Rose-throated Becard ______ N S H 23
    Pachyramphus aglaiae latirostris 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Costa Rica)

  235. Rufous Piha ______ N S H 11
    Lipaugus u. unirufus

  236. Turquoise Cotinga  (t3) ______ S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Cotinga ridgwayi 

  237. Yellow-billed Cotinga  (t2) ______ S 1  (an alternate name for this rare regional endemic has been "Antonia's Cotinga") (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Carpodectes antoniae 

  238. Three-wattled Bellbird  (t3) ______ N S H 11  (total range from eastern Honduras to western Panama) 
    Procnias tricarunculata 

  239. Black Phoebe ______ N S H wPN  21
    Sayornis nigricans amnicola

  240. Scissor-tailed Flycatcher ______ N S H 13
    Tyrannus forficatus 

  241. Fork-tailed Flycatcher ______ N S wP  8
    Tyrannus savana monachus

  242. Tropical Kingbird ______ N S H wP 27
    Tyrannus melancholicus satrapa

  243. Piratic Flycatcher ______ N S 10
    Legatus leucophaius 
    (the single member of its genus)  (2 subspecies in Costa Rica: L. l. variegatus & L. l. leucophaius)

  244. White-ringed Flycatcher ______ N S (closely related to the Yellow-throated Flycatcher of South America)
    (formerly Corytriccus) albovittatus distinctus

  245. Boat-billed Flycatcher ______ N S H 20
    Megarynchus pitangua mexicanus

  246. Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher ______ N S 12
    Myiodynastes luteiventris

  247. Streaked Flyctcher ______ N S H 16
    Myiodynastes masulatus insolens

  248. Golden-bellied Flycatcher ______ N S H 8
    Myiodynastes hemichrysus 

  249. Gray-capped Flycatcher ______ N S H 22
    Myiozetetes g. granadensis

  250. Social Flycatcher ______ N S H wP 27
    Myiozetetes similis 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Myiozetetes similis columbianus
    (south CR) 

  251. Great Kiskadee ______ N S H wP 27
    Pitangus sulphuratus guatimalensis 

  252. Rufous Mourner ______ N S H 9
    Rhytipterna h. holerythra

  253. Panama Flycatcher ______ N S H wP 5
    Myiarchus panamensis actiosus
    (subspecies endemic to Costa Rica)

  254. Brown-crested Flycatcher ______ N S H 16
    Myiarchus tyrannulus brachyurus

  255. Great Crested Flycatcher ______ N S H 20
    Myiarchus crinitus 

  256. Dusky-capped Flycatcher ______ N S H 21
    Myiarchus tuberculifer connectens

  257. Bright-rumped Attila ______ N S H 14
    Attila spadiceus citreopyga

  258. Olive-sided Flycatcher  ______ N S H (an alternate name would be "Boreal Pewee")
    Contopus cooperi 
    (formerly in genus Nuttallornis, with its previous scientific name, for a long time, borealis)

  259. Eastern Wood Pewee ______ N S H 10
    Contopus virens 

  260. Western Wood Pewee ______ N S 5
    Contopus sordidulus 
    (4 subspecies migrate through Costa Rica)

  261. Tropical Pewee ______ N S H 20
    Contopus cinereus 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Contopus cinereus rhizophorus  (west CR)
    Contopus cinereus brachytarsus
    (elsewhere in CR)   

  262. Dark Pewee ______ N S H 15  (This species, and the Greater Pewee of northern Central America, were previously considered conspecfic with the Smoke-colored Pewee of South America.) (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Contopus lugubris  (monotypic)

  263. Ochraceous Pewee (nt) ______ S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Contopus ochraceus 

  264. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher ______ N S H wP 7
    Empidonax flaviventris 

  265. Alder Flycatcher ______ N S 6
    Empidonax alnorum 

  266. Yellowish Flycatcher ______ N S H wP 15
    Empidonax f. flavescens

  267. Black-capped Flycatcher ______ N S H 12  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Empidonax atriceps 

  268. Northern Tufted Flycatcher ______ N S H 18
    Mitrephanes phaeocercus auraantiiventris

  269. Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher ______ N S H 11
    Terenotriccus erythrurus fulvigularis 
    (the single member of its genus)

  270. Black-tailed Flycatcher ______ S 1
    Myiobius a. atricaudus

  271. Sulphur-rumped Myiobius  ______ N S H 9 (has been known as Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher; closely related to the Whiskered Myiobius of South America, with which it was conspecific)
    Myiobius sulphureipygius

  272. White-throated Spadebill ______ N S 3
    Platyrinchus mystaceus

  273. Golden-crowned Spadebill ______ S H 5
    Platyrinchus coronatus

  274. Yellow-olive Flatbill ______ N S H 19  (has been known as Yellow-olive Flycatcher)
    Tolmomyias sulphurescns cinereiceps

  275. Common Tody-Flycatcher ______ N S H 25
    Todirostrum cinereum

  276. Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher ______ N S H 14
    (formerly Todirostrum) sylvia

  277. Northern Bentbill ______ N S (by some considered conspecific with the Southern Bentbill of Panama & northern South America)
    Oncostoma cinereigulare 

  278. Scale-crested Pygmy Tyrant ______ N S 12
    Lophotriccus pileatus

  279. Yellow Tyrannulet ______ N S 7
    Capsiempis flaveola

  280. Torrent Tyrannulet ______ N S H 23
    Serpophage cinerea

  281. Yellow-bellied Elaenia ______ N S H 22
    Elaenia flavogaster subpagana 

  282. Lesser Elaenia ______ N S H 9
    Elaenia chiriquensis

  283. Mountain Elaenia ______ N S 20
    Elaenia frantzii

  284. Greenish Elaenia ______ N S 5
    Myiopagis viridicata

  285. Southern Beardless Tyrannulet ______ N S 9
    Campostoma obsoletum

  286. Paltry Tyrannulet ______ N S H 15  (has been called "Mistletoe Tyrannulet"; closely related to Venezuelan Tyrannulet of northern South America, with which it was formerly conspecific)
    Zimmerius vilissimus

  287. Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet ______ S 4
    Tyrannulus elatus

  288. Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet ______ N S 2
    Ornithion semiflavum

  289. White-fronted Tyrannulet ______ N S  3  (has also been called Zeledon's Tyrannulet; was considered conspecific with the Rough-legged Tyrannulet of South America)
    Phyllomyias zeledoni 

  290. Slaty-capped Flycatcher ______ N S H 7
    Leptopogon superciliaris

  291. Olive-striped Flycatcher ______ N S H 12
    Mionectes o. olivaceus

  292. Ochre-bellied Flycatcher ______ N S H 7
    Mionectes oleagineus dyscolus

  293. Great Antshrike ______ N S H 8
    Taraba major melanocrissus 
    (the single member of its genus)

  294. Barred Antshrike ______ N S wP  20
    Thamnophilus doliatus pacificus 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Costa Rica) 

  295. Black-hooded Antshrike ______ S H 12  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Thamnophilus bridgesi 

  296. Russet Antshrike ______ N S H 6
    Thamnistes anabatinus saturatus 
    (the single member of its genus)

  297. Plain Antvireo ______ N S H 9
    Dysithamnus mentalis septentrionalis

  298. Slaty Antwren ______ N S H 8
    Myrmotherula s. schisticolor

  299. Dot-winged Antwren ______ N S H 13
    Microrhopias quixensis virgatus 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  300. Dusky Antbird ______ N S H 10
    Cercomacra tyrannina crepera

  301. Chestnut-backed Antbird ______ N S H 10
    Myrmeciza exsul 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Myrmeciza exsul occidentalis 
    (southwest CR)
    Mymeciza e. exsul 
    (elsewhere in CR) 

  302. Bicolored Antbird ______ N S H 6 (considered conspecific with "White-cheeked Antbird" of northern South America)
    Gymnopithys leucaspis olivascens

  303. Black-faced Antthrush ______ N S H 10
    Formicarius analis 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Formicarius analis hoffmanni 
    (south CR)
    Formicarius analis umbrosus 
    (elsewhere in CR)

  304. Rufous-breasted Antthrush ______ N S 3
    Formicarius r. rufipectus

  305. Spotted Barbtail ______ N S H 6
    Premnoplex brunnescens brunneicauda

  306. Pale-breasted Spinetail ______ S H 3
    Synallaxis albescens latitabunda

  307. Slaty Spinetail ______ N S H 10
    Synallaxis brachyura nigrofumosa

  308. Red-faced Spinetail ______ N H wP  2
    Cranioleuca erythrops rufigenis

  309. Ruddy Treerunner ______ N S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Margarornis r. rubiginosus  

  310. Buffy Tuftedcheek ______ N S(was considered conspecific with the Streaked & Pacific Tuftedcheeks of South America)
    Pseudocolaptes l. lawrencii

  311. Lineated Foliage-gleaner ______ S 2
    Syundactyla subalaris lineata

  312. Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner ______ N S H (was called Spectacled Foliage-gleaner)
    Anabacerthia v. variegaticeps

  313. Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner  ______ N S H (another name has been "Buff-throated Automolus")
    Automolus ochrolaemus hypophaeus

  314. Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner ______ N S 5
    Philydor rufus panerythrum

  315. Ruddy Foliage-gleaner ______ S (another name has been "Ruddy Automolus")
    Automolus rubiginosus fumosus

  316. Streak-breasted Treehunter ______ N S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama) 
    Tripacdectes rufobrunneus

  317. Plain Xenops ______ N S H 12
    Xenops minutus littoralis

  318. Streaked Xenops ______ N S H 2
    Xenops rutilans septentrionalis

  319. Scaly-throated Leaftosser  ______ N S H (another name has been "Scaly-throated Leafscraper"
    Sclerurus g. guatemalensis

  320. Plain-brown Woodcreeper ______ N S H 4
    Dendrocincla fuliginosa ridgwayi

  321. Tawny-winged Woodcreeper ______ S 2
    Dendrocincla a. anabatina

  322. Long-tailed Woodcreeper ______ N S 3
    Dendrocincla longicauda typica

  323. Olivaceous Woodcreeper ______ N S H 17
    Sittasomus griseicapillus sylvioides 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  324. Wedge-billed Woodcreeper ______ N S H 17
    Glyphorynchus spirurus sublestus  
    (the single member of its genus)

  325. Strong-billed Woodcreeper ______ N S 2
    Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus costaricensis

  326. Northern Barred Woodcreeper ______ N S H 11  (was conspecific with the Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper of South America; when so, was called Barred Woodcreeper 
    Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Dendrocolaptes s. sanctithomae 
    (most of Pacific side of CR)
    Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae hesperius 
    (southwest CR) 

  327. Black-banded Woodcreeper ______ N S 3
    Dendrocolaptes picumnus costaricensis

  328. Cocoa Woodcreeper ______ N S H 13  (was part of the Buff-throated Woodcreeper of South America)
    Xiphorhynchus susurrans costaricensis

  329. Black-striped Woodcreeper ______ N S 12
    Xiphorhynchus l. lachrymosus

  330. Spotted Woodcreeper ______ N S H 8
    Xiphorhynchus erthropygius punctigula

  331. Streak-headed Woodcreeper ______ N S H 24
    Lepidocolaptes souleyetii compressus

  332. Spot-crowned Woodcreeper ______ N S H 13
    Lepidocolaptes affinis neglectus

  333. Brown-billed Scythebill ______ N S H 7
    Campylorhamphus pusillus borealis

  334. Rufous-browed Peppershrike ______ N S H 4
    Cyclarhis gujanensis subflavescens

  335. Yellow-winged Vireo ______ N S H 12
    Vireo carmioli 

  336. Yellow-throated Vireo ______ N S H 17
    Vireo flavifrons

  337. Philadelphia Vireo ______ N S H 13
    Vireo philadelphicus 

  338. Red-eyed Vireo ______ N S H 9
    Vireo o. olivaceus  

  339. Yellow-green Vireo ______ N S H 21 (was regarded by some as a race of the Red-eyed Vireo)
    Vireo f. flavoviridis

  340. Brown-capped Vireo ______ S 6  (was at one time said to be conspecific with the Warbling Vireo)
    Vireo leucophrys costaricensis 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Costa Rica)

  341. Scrub Greenlet ______ S 1
    Hylophilus flavipes viridiflavus

  342. Tawny-crowned Greenlet ______ S 2
    Hylophilus ochraceiceps paciicus 
    (southern CR) (1 of 2 subspecies in Costa Rica) 

  343. "Gray-headed" Lesser Greenlet ______ N S H 24  (Central American gray-headed races are conspecific with South American race) 
    Hylophilus d. decurtatus

  344. Brown Jay ______ N S H 24
    Cyanocorax m. morio

  345. Silvery-throated Jay ______ S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Cyanolyca argentigula 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)

  346. Tree Swallow ______ N S 4
    Tachycineta bicolor 

  347. Mangrove Swallow ______ N S H 22
    Tachycineta albilinea  (monotypic)

  348. Purple Martin ______ N S 3
    Progne subis 
    (3 subspecies migrate thru Costa Rica)

  349. Gray-breasted Martin ______ N S H wP 27
    Progne c. chalybea

  350. Blue-and-white Swallow ______ N S H wP 27
    (formerly Notiochelidon) c. cyanoleuca

  351. Northern Rough-winged Swallow ______ N S H 13
    Stelgidopteryx serripennis 
    (3 subspecies occur in Costa Rica) 

  352. Southern Rough-winged Swallow ______ N S H wP 25
    Stelgidopteryx ruficollis decolor

  353. Barn Swallow ______ N S H wP  22
    Hirundo rustica erythrogaster

  354. American Cliff Swallow ______ N wP  2
    (formerly Hirundo) pyrrhonota (formerly Hirundo) pyrrhonota

    (5 subspecies migrate thru Costa Rica)

  355. Sedge Wren ______ S (closely related to Grass Wren of South America, Cistothorus platensis; some consider conspecific)
    Cistothorus stellaris lucidus

  356. Black-bellied Wren ______ S (total range from Costa Rica to western Colombia)
    Thryothorus fasciatoventris melanogaster

  357. Rufous-breasted Wren ______ S 6  (considered distinct from Speckle-breasted Wren of South America)
    Thryothorus rutilus hyperythrus

  358. Bay Wren ______ N S H 16
    Thryothorus nigricapillus costaricensis

  359. Riverside Wren ______ S H 12  (closely related to, and was considered by some as conspecific with the Bay Wren) (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Thryothorus semibadius

  360. Plain Wren ______ N S 15
    Thryothorus modestus
      (3 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Thryothorus modestus elutus
    (southwest CR)
    Thryothorus modestus zeledoni  (the "Canebrake Wren" of the Caribbean lowlands, once considered a separate species)   

  361. "Southern" House Wren ______ N S H wP  27
    aedon  (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)  
    Troglodytes aedon intermedius  (most of CR)
    Troglodytes aedon inquietus  (southwest CR)

  362. Ochraceous Wren ______ N S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama) 
    Troglodytes o. ochraceus

  363. Timberline Wren ______ S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Thryorchilus browni 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  364. White-breasted Wood Wren ______ N S H 15
    Henicorhina leucosticta
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Henicorhina leucosticta costaricensis
    (central CR)
    Henicorhina leucosticta pittieri
    (southwest CR) 

  365. Gray-breasted Wood Wren ______ N S H 24
    Henicorhina leucophrys collina

  366. Southern Nightingale-Wren ______ S (this species in Central & South America has been known as the "Whistling Wren" in Central America, and throughout its range as the Scaly-breasted Wren) 
    Microcerculus marginatus luscinia

  367. Tropical Gnatcatcher ______ N S H 20
    Polioptila plumbea 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Polioptila plumbea brodkorbi 
    (north CR)
    Polioptila plumbea superciliaris 
    (most of CR) 

  368. Long-billed Gnatwren ______ N S H 9   
    Ramphocaenus melanurus

  369. Black-faced Solitaire ______ N S H 17 (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Myadestes melanops 

  370. Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush ______ S 14  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Catharus g. gracilirostris

  371. Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush ______ N S H 11
    Catharus aurantiirostris 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Catharus aurantiirostris costaricensis
    (most of CR)
    Catharus aurantiirostris russatus (southwest CR) 

  372. Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush ______ N S 13
    Catharus f. frantzii

  373. Swainson's Thrush ______ N S H 12
    Catharus ustulatus 
    (4 of 6 subspecies migrate as far south as Costa Rica) 

  374. Wood Thrush ______ N S H 8
    (formerly Catharus) mustelinus  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  375. Sooty Thrush ______ N S H 16  (has been called Sooty Robin) (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Turdus nigrescens

  376. Mountain Thrush _______ N S H 23  (has been called Mountain Robin)
    Turdus p. plebejus

  377. Clay-colored Thrush ______ N S H wP 27  (has been called Clay-colored Robin) (the national bird of Costa Rica)
    Turdus grayi casius

  378. White-throated Robin ______ N S H 10  (has been called White-throated Robin; closely related to, previously conspecific with the White-necked Thrush of South America)
    Turdus assimilis cnephosus

  379. American Dipper ______ N S H 12
    Cinclus mexicanus ardesiacus

  380. Long-tailed Silky-Flycatcher ______ N S H 17  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Ptilogonys caudatus 

  381. Black-and-yellow Phainoptila  ______ N S H (has been called Black-and-yellow Silky-Flycatcher) (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Phainoptila melanoxantha 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Phainoptila m. melanoxantha 
    (south CR)
    Phainoptila melanoxantha parkeri 
    (north CR)

  382. Yellow-crowned Euphonia ______ N S H wP  17  (total range from Nicaragua to Panama)
    Euphonia luteicapilla 

  383. Thick-billed Euphonia ______ S H 11
    Euphonia laniirostris crassirostris

  384. Yellow-throated Euphonia ______ N S H 8
    Euphonia hirundinacea gnatho

  385. White-vented Euphonia ______ N S H 6
    Euphonia minuta humilis

  386. Spot-crowned Euphonia ______ S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Euphonia imitans 

  387. Tawny-capped Euphonia ______ N S H 12  (total range from Costa Rica to northwestern Colombia)
    Euphonia a. anneae

  388. Elegant Euphonia ______ N S H (was called the Blue-hooded Euphonia when the expanded species included the Antillean Euphonia of the West Indies and the Golden-rumped Euphonia of South America)
    Euphonia e. elegantissma

  389. Golden-browed Chlorophonia ______ N S H 12  (was at one time considered conspecifc with the Blue-crowned Chlorophonia of northern Central America)  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama) 
    Chlorophonia callophrys 

  390. House Sparrow (i) ______ N S H 26
    Passer domesticus

  391. Lesser Goldfinch ______ N S H 6
    Carduelis psaltria colombiana

  392. Yellow-bellied Siskin ______ S 3
    Carduelis x. xanthogastra

  393. Black-and-white Warbler ______ N S H P 21
    Mniotilta varia 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  394. Prothonotary Warbler ______ N S H wP 11
    Protonotaria citrea 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  395. Golden-winged Warbler ______ N S H 16
    Vermivora chrysoptera

  396. Tennessee Warbler ______ N S H wP  21
    Vermivora peregrina

  397. Orange-crowned Warbler (CRr) ______ S 1
    Vermivora celata

  398. Flame-throated Warbler ______ N S H 13  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Parula gutturalis

  399. Tropical Parula ______ N S H 17
    Parula pitiayumi speciosa

  400. American Yellow Warbler ______ N S H 23

  401. Mangrove Warbler ______ N H wP 16  (was considered part of the Yellow Warbler)
    Dendroica erithachorides 

  402. Magnolia Warbler ______ N S H wP 4
    Dendroica magnolia

  403. Black-throated Blue Warbler (CRr) ______ N S H 4
    Dendroica caerulescens

  404. Chestnut-sided Warbler ______ N S H P 24
    Dendroica pensylvanica

  405. Black-throated Green Warbler ______ N S H 21
    Dendroica v. virens

  406. Townsend's Warbler (CRr) ______ S 1
    Dendroica townsendi

  407. Blackburnian Warbler ______ N S H 17
    Dendroica fusca

  408. Bay-breasted Warbler ______ N S H 3
    Dendroica castanea

  409. American Redstart ______ N S H 13
    Setophaga ruticilla

  410. Ovenbird ______ N S H 5
    Seiurus aurocapillus

  411. Northern Waterthrush ______ N S H 22
    Seiurus noveboracensis

  412. Louisiana Waterthrush ______ N S 9
    Seiurus motacilla

  413. Chiriqui Yellowthroat ______ S (closely related to the Masked Yellowthroat of South America, Geothlypis aequinoctialis, from which 2 other species on that continent have recently been split)
    Geothlypis chiriquensis 

  414. Kentucky Warbler ______ N S H 7
    Oporornis formosus

  415. Mourning Warbler ______ N S H 13
    Oporornis philadelphia

  416. MacGillivrays' Warbler ______ N S 2
    Oporornis tolmiei

  417. Wilson's Warbler ______ N S H wP  24
    Wilsonia pusilla

  418. Canada Warbler ______ N S H 5
    Wilsonia canadensis

  419. Slate-throated Whitestart  ______ N S H 24  (has been called Slate-throated Redstart)
    Myioborus miniatus 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Myioborus miniatus comptus 
    (west CR)
    Myioborus miniatus aurantiacus 
    (east CR)

  420. Collared Whitestart  ______ N S H 23  (has been called Collared Redstart) (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama) 
    Myioborus torquatus 

  421. Stripe-crowned Warbler ______N S H (has been called Golden-crowned Warbler)
    Basileuterus culcivorus 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Basileuterus c. culcivorus 
    (north CR)
    Basileuterus culcivorus godmani 
    (south CR)

  422. Chestnut-capped Warbler ______ N S H 17  (has been said by some to be conspecific with the Rufous-capped Warbler of northern Central America)
    Basileuterus delattrii 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Basileuterus d. delattrii 
    (northern CR)
    Basileuterus delattrii mesochrysus 
    (southern CR) 

  423. Black-cheeked Warbler ______ N S H (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Basileuterus m. melanogernys

  424. Three-striped Warbler ______ N S H 7
    Basileuterus tristriatus chitrensis

  425. Buff-rumped Warbler ______ N S H 18  (closely related to the Riverbank Warbler of South America)
    Phaeothlypis fulvicauda 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Phaeothlypis fulvicauda leucopygia 
    (most of CR)
    Phaeothlypis fulvicauda veraguensis 
    (southwest CR)

  426. Wrenthrush ______ N S 4
    Zeledonia coronata 

  427. Chestnut-headed Oropendola ______ N S H 10
    Zarhynchus wagleri ridgwayi

  428. Scarlet-rumped Cacique ______ N S H 14
    Cacicus microrhynchus microrhynchus

  429. Yellow-billed Cacique ______ N S H 6
    (formerly Cacicus) h. holosericeus

  430. Baltimore Oriole ______ N S H wP  24  (was merged for a while with the Bullock's Oriole and was then called the Northern Oriole)
    Icterus galbula 

  431. Orchard Oriole ______ N S H wP  12
    Icterus s. spurius

  432. Red-breasted Blackbird ______ S (a recent arrival in Costa Rica; now fairly common in the southern Pacific lowlands & quite uncommon in the Caribbean lowlands)  
    (formerly Leistes) militaris  (monotypic)

  433. Eastern Meadowlark ______ N S H 24
    Sturnella magna subulata

  434. Great-tailed Grackle ______ N S H wP  27
    Quiscalus mexicanus peruvianus

  435. Bronzed Cowbird ______ N S H wP 22   
    Molothrus a. aeneus

  436. Bananaquit ______ N S H P 25
    Coereba flaveola mexicana

  437. Black-striped Sparrow ______ N S H 24  (has been considered conspecific with Green-backed Sparrow)
    Arremonops conirostris richmondi  

  438. White-eared Ground-Sparrow ______ N S H 6
    Melozone l. leucotis

  439. Volcano Junco ______ N S H 10  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama) 
    Junco vulcani 

  440. Rufous-collared Sparrow ______ N S H wP 27
    Zonotrichia capensis costaricensis

  441. Common Bush Tanager ______ N S H wP 25
    Chlorospingus ophthalmicus 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Chlorospingus ophthalmicus regionalis  (east CR)
    Chlorospingus ophthalmicus novicius 
    (southwest CR)

  442. Sooty-capped Bush Tanager ______ N S H 21  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Chlorospingus p. pileatus

  443. Black-and-yellow Tanager ______ N S H (total range limited to Costa Rica & Panama)
    Chrysothlypis chrysomelas titanota

  444. Gray-headed Tanager ______ N S H 7
    Eucometis penicillata 
    (the single member of its genus) (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Eucometis penicillata spodocephala 
    (west CR)
    Eucometis penicillata stictohorax 
    (southwest CR)

  445. White-throated Shrike-Tanager _____ N S H (total range from eastern Honduras to Panama)
    Lanio leucothorax 
    (3 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Lanio l. leucothorax 
    (east CR)
    Lanio leucothorax melanopygius 
    (southwest CR)

  446. White-shouldered Tanager ______ N S H 9
    Tachyphonus luctuosus axillaris

  447. White-lined Tanager ______ N S H 15
    Tachyphonus rufus 

  448. Red-crowned Ant Tanager ______ N S 4
    Habia rubica 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Habia rubica vinacea 
    (south & west CR) 

  449. Black-cheeked Ant Tanager (t2) (CRe) ______ S H (total range restricted to a limited area of southern Costa Rica)  
    Habia atrimaxillaris 

  450. Tooth-billed Tanager ______ N S H 12  (has been part of the more-northerly Hepatic Tanager, Piranga hepatica, and what's now the more-southerly Red Tanager, Piranga flava, in South America) 
    Piranga lutea testacea

  451. Summer Tanager ______ N S H 23
    Piranga r. rubra

  452. Scarlet Tanager ______ N S 6
    Piranga olivacea 

  453. Western Tanager ______ N S H 11
    Piranga ludoviciana 

  454. Flame-colored Tanager ______ N S H 14  (another name has been Streak-backed Tanager)
    Piranga bidentata citrea

  455. White-winged Tanager ______ N S 6
    Piranga leucoptera latifasciata

  456. Cherrie's Tanager ______ S H wP 11  (when conspecific with the Passerini's Tanager, was called Scarlet-rumped Tanager) (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Ramphocelus costaricensis

  457. Blue-gray Tanager ______ N S H wP  27
    Thraupis episcopus cana

  458. Palm Tanager ______ N S H wP 26
    Thraupis palmarum atripennis

  459. Blue-and-gold Tanager (nt) ______ N S (total range limited to Costa Rica & Panama)
    (formerly Buthraupis) arcaei careruleigularis

  460. Silver-throated Tanager ______ N S H 23
    Tangara icterocephala frantzii 

  461. Speckled Tanager ______ N S H 10
    Tangara guttata eusticta 

  462. Bay-headed Tanager ______ N S H 21
    Tangara gyrola bangsi 

  463. Golden-hooded Tanager ______ N S H 26 (an alternate name of "Golden-masked Tanager" is inappropriate; closely related, however, to the Masked Tanager of South America)
    Tangara larvata 
    (3 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Tangara larvata centralis 
    (east CR)
    Tangara larvata franciscae 
    (west CR)  

  464. Spangle-cheeked Tanager ______ N S 15  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Tangara dowii 

  465. Scarlet-thighed Dacnis ______ N S H 19
    Dacnis v. venusta 

  466. Blue Dacnis ______ N S H 17
    Dacnis cayana callaina

  467. Green Honeycreeper ______ N S H 23
    Chlorophanes spiza arguta 

  468. Shining Honeycreeper ______ N S H 14
    Cyanerpes lucidus isthmicus

  469. Red-legged Honeycreeper ______ N S H wP  22
    Cyanerpes cyaneus carneipes 

  470. Slaty Flower-piercer ______ N S H wP 21  (closely related to Rusty Flower-Piercer of South America) (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Diglossa p. plumbea

  471. Yellow-faced Grassquit ______ N S H wP 25
    Tiuaris olivacea pusillus

  472. White-collared Seedeater ______ N S H wP  18
    Sporophila torqueola morelleti

  473. Variable Seedeater ______ N S H wP 16  (including the "Black" Variable Seedeater, on the Caribbean side of Costa Rica, once considered a distinct species)  
    Sporophila corvina 
    (formerly Sporophila aurita)

  474. Yellow-bellied Seedeater ______ S 4
    Sporophila n. nigricollis

  475. Ruddy-breasted Seedeater ______ N S wP  5
    Sporophila minuta 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Sporophila minuta centralis 
    (southwest CR)

  476. Thick-billed Seed Finch ______ N S H wP 19  (was conspecific with what's now the Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch of South America, Oryzoborus angolensis, and was then called the Lesser Seed Finch
    Oryzoborus funereus 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Oryzoborus funereus salvini 
    (most of CR)
    Oryzoborus funereus ochrogyne 
    (southwest CR)

  477. Blue-black Grassquit ______ N S H wP 27
    Volatinia jacarina splendens 
    (the single member of its genus)

  478. Slaty Finch ______ S 1
    Haplospiza rustica barrilesensis

  479. Peg-billed Finch (nt) ______ S (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Acanthidops bairdi 

  480. Grassland Yellow Finch ______ S (found during recent FONT tours in open country in the Pacific lowlands south of Golfito) 
    Soicalis luteola eisenmanni

  481. Large-footed Finch ______ N S H 12  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama) 
    Pezopetes capitalis 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  482. Yellow-thighed Finch ______ N S H 18  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Pselliophorrus tibialis 

  483. Yellow-throated Brush Finch ______ N S H 12  (has been merged by some with the more-southerly White-naped Brush Finch, Atlapetes albinucha)
    Atlapetes gutturalis

  484. Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch ______ N S 9
    Buarremon (formerly Atlapetes) brunneinucha  

  485. Black-headed Brush-Finch ______ S 1 (has been merged by some with the more-southerly Stripe-headed Brush-Finch, Buarremon torquatus)
    Buarremon (formerly Atlapetes) atricapillus  

  486. Sooty-faced Finch ______ N S (total range is Costa Rica & Panama)
    Lysurus crassirostris 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  487. Buff-throated Saltator ______ N S H 25
    Saltator maximus 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Saltator maximus magnoides 
    (most of CR)
    Saltator maximus intermedius 
    (southwest CR) 

  488. Streaked Saltator ______ S 6
    Saltator striatipectus furax 
    (formerly Saltator albicollis, now the scientific name for the
    Lesser Antillean Saltator

  489. Black-faced Grosbeak ______ N S H 11
    Caryothraustes poliogaster scapularis

  490. Black-thighed Grosbeak ______ N S H 14  (closely related to the more-northerly  Mexican Yellow-Grosbeak, Pheucticus chrysopeplus, and the more-southerly Southern Yellow-Grosbeak, Pheuticus chrysogaster, of South America) (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Pheucticus tibialis 

  491. Rose-breasted Grosbeak ______ N S H 21
    Pheucticus ludovicianus 

  492. Blue-black Grosbeak ______ N S H 13
    Cyanocompsa cyanoides caerulescens

  493. Indigo Bunting ______ N S H 4
    Passerina cyanea