Mexico Birds
a complete list
minus pelagics & vagrants

those found during FONT Birding 
& Nature Tours noted with an (*) 


The following list compiled by Armas Hill

Photo at right: the RESPLENDENT QUETZAL, 
a name from an Aztec word, "Quetzalli", meaning "precious" or "beautiful"  


a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International.
              (t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt):    a near-threatened species globally.
(i):      an introduced species.

(MXe):  a species endemic to Mexico

bc:  found in Baja California
yp:  found on the Yucatan Peninsula   

The birds in the list below are coded as to their status IN MEXICO:
(MX1):  endangered
(MX2):  threatened 
(MX3):  of special concern (or near-threatened)  

A fine book, "Jungle of the Maya" has recently been published (in 2006) by the University of Texas Press. In it, there some very good photographs of wildlife in Belize, and in nearby Guatemala & Mexico. In the following lists, pages in that book with photos of particular species are referred to with a (p. xx)       


Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Central America & Mexico

Mammals in Central America 

Butterflies in Central America

Directory of Photos in this Website, in this list & others



  1. Great Tinamou  ______  (MX3)
    Tinamus major 

  2. Little Tinamou  ______  (MX3)
    Crypturellus soui

  3. Slaty-breasted Tinamou ______  (MX3) (another name has been "Boucard's Tinamou")
    Crypturellus boucardi

  4. Thicket Tinamou ______ ypt
    Crypturellus cinnamomeus 

  5. Plain Chachalaca ______  yp
    Ortalis vetula 

  6. Rufous-bellied Chachalaca _____
    Ortalis wagleri

  7. West Mexican Chachalaca _____
    Ortalis poliocephala

  8. White-bellied Chachlaca  ______ (MX3)  
    Ortalis leucogastra 

  9. Crested Guan______ (MX2)  yp  (p. 47)
    Penelope purpurascens

    A Crested Guan photographed during a FONT tour 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  10. Highland Guan ______  (MX2) 
    Penelopina nigra  

  11. Horned Guan (t2) ______ (MX1)  (the global population was estimated to be less than 1,000 birds in the 1970's; it's said to have declined since)
    Oreophasis derbianus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


    A photo of 1 of 2 Horned Guans seen during a FONT tour in July 2007 in Guatemala

  12. Great Curassow ______ (MX2)  yp  (p. 47)
    Crax rubra

  13. Long-tailed Wood Partridge _____ (MX3)
    Dendrortyx macroura

  14. Bearded Wood Partridge ______ (MX1)
    Dendrortyx barbatus

  15. Buffy-crowned Wood Partridge ______ (MX2)
    Dendrortyx leucophyrs

  16. Spotted Wood Quail ______ (MX3)
    Odontophorus guttatus 

  17. Singing Quail ______ (MX3)
    Dactylortyx thoracicus dolichonyx 
    (the single member of its genus)

  18. Montezuma Quail _____ (MX3)
    Crytonyx montezumae

  19. Ocellated Quail (nt)______ (MX2)   (closely related to Montezuma Quail, Cytonyx montezumae, of North America)
    Cytonyx ocellatus 

  20. Northern Bobwhite ______
    Colinus virginianus
    Colinus v. ridgwayi  "Masked Bobwhite" ______ (MX1) 

  21. Yucatan Bobwhite ______ yp
    Colinus nigrogularis

  22. Banded Quail _____
    Philotyx fasciatus

  23. Scaled Quail _____
    Callipepla squamata

  24. Elegant Quail _____
    Callipepla douglasii

  25. Gambel's Quail _____
    Callipepla gambelii

  26. California Quail _____  bc
    Callipepla californica

  27. Mountain Quail _____ bc
    Oreortyx pistus

  28. Ocellated Turkey (nt)______ (MX2)  yp  (p. 12 & 117)
    Meleagris ocellata 

    An Ocellated Turkey photographed during a FONT tour 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  29. Wild Turkey _____  (MX3)
    Meleagris gallopavo

  30. Fulvous Whistling Duck _____
    Dendrocygna bicolor

  31. Black-bellied Whistling-Duck______ yp
    Dendrocygna autumnalis

  32. Tundra Swan ______ (MX1)
    Cygnus columbianus

  33. Greater White-fronted Goose _____
    Anser albifrons

  34. Snow Goose _____
    Chen caerulescens

  35. Ross's Goose _____
    Chen rossii

  36. Brant Goose _____  (MX2)
    Branta bernicla

  37. Canada Goose _____  
    Branta canadensis

  38. Muscovy Duck ______  (MX1)  yp
    Cairina moschata 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  39. Wood Duck _____ 
    Aix sponsa

  40. Green-winged Teal _____
    Anas carolinensis

  41. Mallard _____
    Anas platyrhynchos

  42. Mexican Duck _____  (MX2)
    Anas diazi

  43. Mottled Duck  ______  (MX2)
    Anas fulvigula

  44. Northern Pintail _____
    Anas acuta

  45. Blue-winged Teal______ yp
    Anas discors 

  46. Cinnamon Teal _____
    Anas cyanoptera

  47. Northern Shoveler _____
    Anas clypeata

  48. Gadwall _____
    Anas strepera

  49. American Wigeon______ 
    Anas americana 

  50. Canvasback _____
    Aythya valisineria

  51. Redhead _____
    Aythya americana

  52. Ring-necked Duck _____
    Aythya collaris

  53. Greater Scaup _____ bc
    Aythya marila

  54. Lesser Scaup _____ yp
    Aythya affinis

  55. Surf Scoter ______ bc
    Melanitta perspicillata

  56. Common Goldeneye _____
    Bucephala clangula

  57. Bufflehead _____
    Bucephala albeola

  58. Common Merganser _____
    Mergus merganser americanus

  59. Red-breasted Merganser _____
    Mergus serrator

  60. Ruddy Duck _____
    Oxyura jamaicensis

  61. Masked Duck ______ (MX2)  yp
    Nomonyx dominicus

  62. Least Grebe ______  (MX3)  yp
    Tachybaptus dominicus

    Least Grebe
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  63. Pied-billed Grebe ______ yp
    Podilymbus podiceps

  64. Horned Grebe _____ bc
    Podiceps auritus

  65. Black-necked Grebe _____  (has been called Eared Grebe)
    Poidiceps nigricollis

  66. Western Grebe _____
    Aechmophorus occidentalis

  67. Clark's Grebe _____
    Aechmophorus clarkii

  68. American Flamingo _____  (MX2)  yp
    Phoenicopterus ruber

  69. Jabiru ______ (MX1)  yp
    Jabiru mycteria

  70. Wood Stork______  (MX3)  yp
    Mycteria americana 

  71. White Ibis______ yp
    Eudocimus albus 

  72. Glossy Ibis _____ yp
    Plegadis falcinellus

    Glossy Ibis

  73. White-faced Ibis _____ 
    Plegadis chihi

    White-faced Ibis
    (photo by Alex Tongas)

  74. Roseate Spoonbill______ lw
    (formerly Ajaia) ajaja  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  75. Great Blue Heron______  (MX3) yp
    Ardea herodias

  76. Great Egret______ yp  (p. 71)
    (formerly Casmerodius) alba egretta

  77. Little Blue Heron______ yp  (p. 64)
    Egretta caerulea

  78. Snowy Egret______ yp
    Egretta thula

  79. Tricolored Heron______ yp  (was at one time called Louisiana Heron)
    Egretta tricolor  

  80. Reddish Egret ______ (MX3) yp
    Egretta rufescens

  81. Cattle Egret______  yp  (p. 74-75)
    Bubulcus i. ibis

  82. Green Heron______ yp  (was at one time considered conspecific with the nearly-cosmopolitan Striated Heron, and was then called Green-backed Heron
    Butorides virescens

  83. Agami Heron ______ (MX3)  yp  (p. 11)  (has also been called Chestnut-bellied Heron; one of the world's most beautiful herons, and one of the most rarely seen) 
    Agamia agami 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  84. Black-crowned Night-Heron______ yp
    Nycticorax nycticorax hoactli

  85. Yellow-crowned Night-Heron______ (MX2)  yp  (p. 70)
    Nyctanassa v. violacea 
    (the single member of its genus)

  86. Boat-billed Heron______ yp
    Cochlearius cochlearius phillipsi 
    (the single member of its genus)

  87. Bare-throated Tiger-Heron______  (MX3) yp  (p. 70)
    Tigrisoma mexicanum 

  88. Pinnated Bittern ______ yp  (p. 103)
    Botaurus pinnatus

  89. American Bittern ______ (MX2)  yp
    Botaurus lentiginosus

  90. Least Bittern ______ yp
    Ixobrychus exilis

  91. Magnificent Frigatebird______ yp
    Fregata magnificens 
    (now said to be monotypic)

  92. American White Pelican ______
    Pelecanus erythrorhynchos 

  93. Brown Pelican______ bc,yp
    Pelecanus occidentalis 

  94. Neotropic Cormorant______ yp  (was called Olivaceous Cormorant)
    Phalacrocorax brasilianus mexicanus  (formerly Phalacrocorax olivaceous)

  95. Double-crested Cormorant (GUr)______ yp
    Phalacrocorax auritus floridanus

  96. Brandt's Cormorant _____ bc
    Phalacrocorax penicillatus

  97. Pelagic Shag _____ bc
    Leucocarbo pelagicus resplendens

  98. Anhinga ______yp
    Anhinga anhinga leucogaster

  99. King Vulture______ (MX1)  yp  (p. 105)
    Sarcoramphus papa 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  100. Black Vulture______ yp
    Coragyps atratus 
    (now said to be monotypic)  (the single member of its genus)

  101. Turkey Vulture______ bc,yp
    Cathartes aura 

  102. Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture______ yp  (has also been called Savanna Vulture)
    Cathartes burrovianus  

  103. Red-throated Caracara _____
    Daptrius americanus

  104. Northern Crested Caracara______ bc,yp  (formerly conspecific with the now Southern Caracara, Caracara plancus, of South America, generally south of the Amazon) 
    Caracara cheriway 

  105. Laughing Falcon______ yp  (p. 23)
    Herpetotheres cachinnans 
    (the single member of its genus)

  106. Barred Forest Falcon ______ (MX3)
    Micrastur ruficollis 

  107. Collared Forest Falcon ______ (MX3) yp
    Micrastur semitorquatus naso

  108. American Kestrel______ yp
    Falco sparverius 

  109. Merlin _____ bc,yp
    Falco columbarius

  110. Aplomado Falcon ______ (MX2)  yp
    Falco femoralis

  111. Bat Falcon______ yp  (p. 99)
    Falco rufigularis 

  112. Orange-breasted Falcon (nt) ______ (MX1)  
    Falco deiroleucus 

    Orange-breasted Falcon 
    (photo at Tikal, Guatemala, by Alan Brady)

  113. Peregrine Falcon ______ (MX3)  bc,yp
    Falco peregrinus

  114. Prairie Falcon ______ (MX2)  bc
    Falco mexicanus

  115. Osprey______  bc,yp
    Pandion haliaetus 
    (the single member of its genus)

  116. Swallow-tailed Kite______  (MX3)  yp
    Elanoides forficatus 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  117. White-tailed Kite______  yp
    Elanus leucurus majusculus

  118. Gray-headed Kite______  (MX3)  yp  (has also been called Cayenne Kite)
    Leptodon cayanensis 
    (the single member of its genus)

  119. Hook-billed Kite______  (MX3)  yp
    Chondrohierax uncinatus 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  120. Plumbeous Kite______ (MX2)  yp
    Ictinia plumbea 

  121. Mississippi Kite ______  (MX3)
    Ictinia mississippiensis 

  122. Snail Kite______  (MX3)  yp
    Rostrhamus sociabilis

  123. Double-toothed Kite ______  (MX3)  yp
    Harpagus bidentatus fasciatus

  124. Bald Eagle ______  (MX1)
    Haliaeetus l. leucocephalus

  125. Northern Harrier _____  bc,yp
    Circus cyaneus hudsonius

  126. Sharp-shinned Hawk______  (MX3)  yp
    Accipiter striatus velox 
    (subspecies from further north in North America that either migrates thru or winters in Guatemala)

  127. White-breasted Hawk______ hi (was considered a subspecies of the Sharp-shinned Hawk)
    Accipiter chionogaster

  128. Cooper's Hawk______  (MX3)  bc
    Accipiter cooperii 

  129. Bicolored Hawk______ (MX2)  yp
    Accipiter bicolor

  130. Northern Goshawk _____ (MX2)
    Accipiter gentilis apache

  131. Crane Hawk _____ (MX2)  yp
    Geranospiza caerulescens

  132. Black-collared Hawk ______ (MX3)  yp
    Busarellus n. nigricollis

  133. White Hawk ______ (MX3) 
    Leucopternis albicollis

  134. Harris's Hawk ______  (MX3)  bc   (also called Bay-winged Hawk)
    Parabuteo unicinctus

  135. Red-tailed Hawk______ bc,yp
    Buteo jamaicensis  

  136. Swainson's Hawk______ (MX3)
    Buteo swainsoni 

  137. Zone-tailed Hawk ______  (MX3)  bc,yp
    Buteo a. albonotatus

  138. White-tailed Hawk ______  (MX3)  yp
    Buteo albicaudatus hypospodius

  139. Short-tailed Hawk______ yp
    Buteo brachyurus fuliginosus

  140. Broad-winged Hawk ______  (MX3)
    Buteo p. platypterus

  141. Roadside Hawk______ yp  (p. 23)
    Buteo magnirostris griseocauda

  142. Gray Hawk______ yp  (p. 23)  (now merged with more-southerly Gray-lined Hawk)
    Buteo nitida plagiata

  143. Red-shouldered Hawk ______ (MX3)  bc
    Buteo lineatus

  144. Ferruginous Hawk _____ (MX3)
    Buteo regalis

  145. Roughleg _____ (MX3)
    Buteo lagopus sancti-johannis

  146. Common Black Hawk______  (MX3)  yp
    Buteogallus anthracinus

  147. "Mangrove (or Pacific) Black Hawk"______ (MX2)  lw  (now considered to be a form of the Common Black Hawk)
    Buteogallus anthracinus rhizophorae

  148. Great Black Hawk______ (MX3)  yp
    Buteogallus urubitinga ridgwayi

  149. Montane Solitary Eagle (nt) ______ (MX1)
    Harpyhaliaetus solitarius 

  150. Golden Eagle ______ (MX2)
    Aquila chrysaetos canadensis

  151. Ornate Hawk-Eagle______ (MX1)  yp  (p. 22 & 98)
    Spizaetus ornatus vicarius

  152. Black Hawk-Eagle______ (MX1)  yp
    Spizaetus tyrannus serus

  153. Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle ______ (MX1)  yp  (p. 23 & 118)
    Spizastur melanoleucus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  154. Clapper Rail _____ (MX3)  yp
    Rallus longirostris
    Rallus longirostris levipes ______ 

  155. King Rail _____ (MX2)
    Rallus elegans

  156. Virginia Rail _____  (MX3)
    Rallus limicola

  157. Spotted Rail _____  yp
    Rallus maculatus insolitus

  158. Uniform Crake______ (MX2)  
    Amaurolimnas concolor 
    (the single member of its genus)

  159. Gray-necked Wood Rail______ yp  (p. 70)
    Aramides cajanea 

  160. Rufous-necked Wood Rail _____ (MX2)  yp
    Aramides axillaris

  161. Ruddy Crake ______ yp  (has also been called "Red Rail")
    Laterallus ruber 

  162. Sora _____  yp
    Porzana carolina

  163. Yellow-breasted Crake _____ (MX3)  yp
    Porzana flaviventer woodi

  164. Common Gallinule (or Moorhen)______ yp
    Gallinula chloropus cachinnans

  165. Purple Gallinule______ yp
    Porphyrula martinica 

  166. American Coot______ yp
    Fulica a. americana

  167. Sungrebe ______ (MX3)  yp  (an alternate name could be the "American Finfoot"
    Heliornis fulica 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  168. Limpkin______ yp
    Aramus guarauna dolosus 
    (the single member of its genus & family)

  169. Sandhill Crane _____ (MX3)
    Grus canadensis

  170. Double-striped Thick-knee _____
    Burhinus b. bistriatus

  171. American Oystercatcher _____
    Haematopus palliatus

  172. Black Oystercatcher _____  bc
    Haematopus bachmani

  173. Northern Jacana______ yp  (p. 15 & 66)
    Jacana s. spinosa

  174. Black-necked Stilt______ yp  (was said by some to be conspecific with the Black-winged Stilt of the Old World) 
    Himantopus mexicanus 

  175. American Avocet _____ 
    Recurvirostra americana

  176. Black-bellied Plover______ yp  (also called Grey Plover)
    Pluvialis squatarola cynosurae

  177. American Golden Plover ____  yp
    Pluvialis dominica

  178. Collared Plover _____
    Charadrius collaris

  179. Snowy Plover _____  yp
    Charadrius nivosus

  180. Piping Plover _____  (MX1) yp
    Charadrius melodus

  181. Semipalmated Plover______ yp
    Charadrius semipalmatus 

  182. Wilson's Plover______ yp
    Charadrius wilsonia 

  183. Killdeer______ bc,yp
    Charadrius v. vociferus

  184. Mountain Plover _____ (MX2)
    Charadrius montanus

  185. Greater Yellowlegs______ bc,yp
    Tringa melanoleuca 

  186. Lesser Yellowlegs______ bc,yp
    Tringa flavipes 

  187. Solitary Sandpiper______ bc,yp
    Tringa solitaria

  188. Willet ______  bc,yp
    Tringa semipalmatus

  189. Wandering Tattler _____ bc
    Heteroscelus incanus

  190. Spotted Sandpiper______ bc,yp
    Actitis macularia 

  191. Upland Sandpiper _____ yp
    Bartramia longicauda

  192. "American" Whimbrel______  bc,yp
    Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus

  193. Long-billed Curlew _____ bc,yp
    Nymenius americanus

  194. Marbled Godwit ______  bc,yp
    Limosa fedoa

  195. Ruddy Turnstone _____ bc,yp
    Arenaria interpres

  196. Black Turnstone _____ bc
    Arenaria melanocephala

  197. Surfbird ______  bc
    Aphriza virgata

  198. Red Knot _____  yp
    Calidris canutus rufa

  199. Sanderling ______  yp
    Calidris alba

  200. Semipalmated Sandpiper______ yp
    Calidris pusilla 

  201. Western Sandpiper______ yp
    Calidris mauri 

  202. White-rumped Sandpiper______ yp
    Calidris fuscicollis 

  203. Least Sandpiper______ yp
    Calidris minutilla 

  204. Baird's Sandpiper ______  yp
    Calidris bairdii

  205. Pectoral Sandpiper______ yp
    Calidris melanotos 

  206. Dunlin ______  yp
    Calidris alpina

  207. Stilt Sandpiper______ yp
    (formerly Micropalama) himantopus

  208. Buff-breasted Sandpiper  ______  yp
    Tryngites subruficollis

  209. Short-billed Dowitcher______ yp
    Limnodromus griseus 
    (3 subspecies can occur in Mexico)

  210. Long-billed Dowitcher ______  bc
    Limnodromus scolopaceus

  211. Wilson's Snipe ______  yp
    Gallinago delicata

  212. Wilson's Phalarope _____ yp
    Phalaropus tricolor

  213. Red-necked Phalarope ______  bc
    Phalaropus lobatus

  214. Red Phalarope ______ 
    Phalaropus fulicaria

  215. Laughing Gull______ yp
    Larus atricilla 

  216. Franklin's Gull ______ 
    Larus pipixcan

  217. Bonaparte's Gull _____ 
    Larus philadelphia

  218. Heermann's Gull ______ (MX3)  bc  (a Mexican endemic breeder)
    Larus heermanni

    Heermann's Gull
    (photo by Armas Hill)

  219. Mew Gull _____  bc
    Larus canus brachyrhnchus

  220. Ring-billed Gull ______  bc,yp
    Larus delawarensis

  221. California Gull _____  bc
    Larus californicus

  222. Herring Gull ______  yp
    Larus argentatus smithsonianus

  223. Thayer's Gull _____  bc
    Larus thayeri

  224. Lesser Black-backed Gull ______ yp
    Larus fuscus graellsii

  225. Yellow-footed Gull ______ (MX3)  bc
    Larus livens

  226. Western Gull ______ bc
    Larus occidentalis wymani

  227. Glaucous-winged Gull ______  bc
    Larus glaucescens

  228. Sabine's Gull ______  bc (offshore)
    Xema sabini

  229. Black-legged Kittiwake ______ bc
    Rissa tridactylus pollicaris

  230. Gull-billed Tern______ 
    (formerly Sterna) nilotica vanrossemi  

  231. Sandwich Tern ______ yp
    (formerly Sterna) sandvicensis acuflavida

  232. Royal Tern______ bc,yp
    (formerly Sterna) m. maxima

  233. Elegant Tern ______ (MX3)  bc
    Thalasseus (formerly Sterna) elegans

  234. Caspian Tern______ bc
    (formerly Sterna) caspia  (monotypic)

  235. Roseate Tern ______ (MX3)  (occurs at Cozumel Island)
    Sterna d. dougallii

  236. Common Tern ______ 
    Sterna h. hirundo

  237. Forster's Tern ______  yp
    Sterna forsteri

  238. Least Tern ______  (MX3)  yp
    Sternula antillarum
    Sternula antillarum browni ______ (MX1) 

  239. Bridled Tern ______ (MX3)  yp  (occurs at Cozumel Island)
    Onychoprion anaethetus

  240. Black Tern ______ yp
    Chlidonias niger surinamensis

  241. Brown Noddy ______  yp (offshore) 
    Anous stolidus

  242. Black Skimmer ______ 
    Rynchops n. niger

  243. Pomarine Skua ______
    Stercorarius pomarinus

  244. Parasitic Jaeger ______ 
    Stercorarius parasiticus

  245. Common Murre  _____  bc (winter)
    Uria aalge californica

  246. Xantu's Murrelet ______  (MX1) bc
    Endomychura hypoleuca

  247. Craveri's Murrelet ______ (MX2)  bc
    Endomychura craveri

  248. Cassin's Auklet ______ (MX2)  bc
    Aethia crisatella

  249. Rhinoceros Auklet ______  bc (offshore)
    Cerorhinca monocerata

  250. Common (or Feral) Pigeon (i)______ bc,yp
    Columba livia

  251. Red-billed Pigeon ______ yp
    (formerly Columba) flavirostris

  252. Pale-vented Pigeon______ (MX3)  yp
    (formerly Columba) cayennensis pallidicrissa

  253. Scaled Pigeon______ (MX3)  yp
    (formerly Columba) speciosa  (monotypic)

  254. White-crowned Pigeon ______ (MX2)  yp
    Patagioenas (formerly Columba) leccocephala

  255. Band-tailed Pigeon______ 
    (formerly Columba) fasciata
    Patagioenas faciata vioscae ______ (MX3)

    Band-tailed Pigeon
    (photo by Fred Lesser)

  256. Short-billed Pigeon ______ (MX3) 
    (formerly Columba) nigrirostris  (monotypic)

  257. White-winged Dove______ yp
    Zenaida a. asiatica

  258. Zenaida Dove ______ (MX3)  yp
    Zenaida aurita salvadorii

  259. Mourning Dove______ yp
    Zenaida macroura 

  260. Inca Dove______
    (or said by some to Scardafella) inca  (monotypic)

  261. Common Ground Dove______ bc,yp
    Columbina passerina pallescens

  262. Plain-breasted Ground Dove______ 
    Columbina minuta interrupta

  263. Ruddy Ground Dove______ yp
    Columbina taipacoti 

  264. Blue Ground Dove______ yp
    Claravis pretiosa 

  265. Maroon-chested Ground Dove _____  (MX2)
    Claravis mondetoura salvini

  266. White-tipped Dove______ yp  (was called White-fronted Dove)
    Leptotila verreauxi 

  267. Gray-headed Dove______   (has been considered by some to be conspecific with the Gray-fronted Dove of South America)
    Leptotila p. plumbeiceps

  268. Caribbean Dove ______  yp
    Leptotila jamaicensis gaumeri

  269. Gray-chested Dove ______ 
    Leptotila cassinii cerviniventris

  270. Ruddy Quail-Dove______ yp
    Geotrygon m. montana

  271. White-faced Quail-Dove______ (MX2)
    Geotrygon albifacies 
    (now monotypic)

  272. Purplish-backed Quail-Dove  ______
    Geotrygon lawrencii carrikeri

  273. Scarlet Macaw______ (MX1) (p. 111)
    Ara macao cyanopterus

  274. Military Macaw ______ (MX1) ps
    Ara militaris mexicanus

  275. Green Parakeet ______ (MX2) 
    Aratinga holochlora 

  276. Pacific Parakeet ______  (MX2)
    Aratinga strenua 

  277. Aztec Parakeet ______ (MX3)  yp (was conspecific with the Jamaican Parakeet of the West Indies, and was then called Olive-throated Parakeet)
    Aratinga astec 

  278. Orange-fronted Parakeet ______ (MX3)
    Aratinga canicularis 

  279. Thick-billed Parrot _____ (MX1) (MXe)
    Rhynchopsitta pachyhyncha

  280. Maroon-fronted Parrot _____ (MX2) (MXe)
    Rhynchopsitta terrisi

  281. Barred Parakeet______ (MX2)
    Bolborhynchus l. lineola

  282. Mexican Parrotlet _____ (MX3) (MXe)
    Forpus cyanopygius

  283. Orange-chinned Parakeet______ (MX2)  (another name has been "Tovi Parakeet"
    Brotogeris j. jugularis

  284. Brown-hooded Parrot______ (MX2)
    Pionopsitta h. haematotis

    A Brown-hooded Parrot photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Z. Gardner)

  285. White-crowned Parrot______ (MX2)
    Pionus senilis 

  286. White-fronted Amazon  ______ yp
    Amazona albifrons 

  287. Yucatan Amazon ______ (MX3)  yp  (another name is Yellow-lored Amazon)
    Amazona xantholora

  288. Red-crowned Amazon ______ (MX1) (MXe)
    Amazona viridigenalis

  289. Lilac-crowned Parrot ______ (MX2) (MXe)
    Amazona finschi

  290. Red-lored Amazon  ______  (p. 17)
    Amazona a. autumnalis

  291. Yellow-headed Amazon ______ (MX1)
    Amazona oratrix 

  292. Yellow-naped Amazon (t2)______ (MX1)  (has been considered conspecific with Yellow-headed Amazon of Mexico and Yellow-crowned Amazon of Honduras)
    Amazona a. auropalliata

  293. Mealy Amazon  ______ (MX2)
    Amazona farinosa 

  294. Black-billed Cuckoo ______  yp
    Coccyzus erythropthalmus

  295. Yellow-billed Cuckoo______ yp
    Coccyzus americanus 
    (now monotypic)

  296. Mangrove Cuckoo ______  yp
    Coccyzus minor

  297. Squirrel Cuckoo______ yp
    Piaya cayana 

  298. Groove-billed Ani______ yp
    Crotophaga sulcirostris 
    (now monotypic, as a "second form" that was in Mexico is now extinct)

  299. Smooth-billed Ani ______ (MX2)  (occurs at Cozumel Island)
    Crotophaga ani

  300. Striped Cuckoo______ yp
    Tapera naevia excellens

  301. Lesser Ground Cuckoo______
    Morococcyx erythropygus

  302. Lesser Roadrunner______ yp
    Geococcyx velox 
    (now monotypic)

  303. Greater Roadrunner ______  
    Geococcyx californianus

  304. Pheasant Cuckoo______ yp
    Dromococcyx phasianellus 
    (now monotypic)

  305. Barn Owl ______ yp
    Tyto alba 

  306. Flammulated Owl ______
    Megascops (formerly Otus) flammeolus

  307. Eastern Screech Owl ______ (MX3)
    Megascops (formerly Otus) asio mccallii
  308. Western Screech Owl ______  bc
    Megascops (formerly Otus) kennicottii

  309. Balsas Screech Owl ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Megascops (formerly Otus) seductus

  310. Bearded Screech Owl (nt)______ (MX2) (has also been called Bridled Screech Owl)
    (formerly Otus) barbaus  (monotypic)

  311. Vermiculated Screech Owl ______  (was at one time considered part of what was then the "Variable Screech Owl" of Central America & South America) 
    Megascops (formerly Otus) g. guatemalae 

  312. Pacific Screech Owl______ (MX3)  (formerly said to be part of Western Screech-Owl of North America)
    Megascops (formerly Otus) c. cooperi

  313. Whiskered Screech Owl ______  
    Megascops (formerly Otus) trichopsis

  314. Crested Owl ______ (MX2)
    Lophostrix cristata stricklandi

  315. Spectacled Owl ______ (MX2)
    Pulsatix perspicillata saturata

  316. Great Horned Owl______ yp
    Bubo virginianus 
    (Subspecies, B. v. mayensis, in the region of the Yucatan Peninsula) 

  317. "Ridgway's" Ferruginous Pygmy Owl ______  yp   
    Glaucidium brasilianum ridgwayi 

    Ferrruginous Pygmy Owl
    (photo by Alan Brady)

  318. Central American Pygmy Owl ______ (MX3)  (formerly considered conspecific with what's now the East Brazilian Pygmy-Owl of east Brazil in South America; the bird with the expanded range was called the Least Pygmy Owl)
    Glaucidium griseiceps

  319. Tamaulipas Pygmy Owl ______ (MX1) (MXe)
    Glaucidium sanchezi

  320. Colima Pygmy Owl ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Glaucidium palmarum

  321. Mountain Pygmy Owl ______  
    Glaucidium gnoma  

  322. Cape Pygmy Owl ______  (MXe) bc
    Glaucidium hoskinsii

  323. Elf Owl ______
    Micrathene whitneyi

  324. Burrowing Owl ______
    Athene cunicularia

  325. Mottled Owl______ yp
    Strix virgata 

  326. Black-and-white Owl______ (MX2)  yp
    Strix (formerly Ciccaba) nigrolineata 

  327. Spotted Owl ______ (MX2)
    Strix occidentalis

    A "Mexican" Spotted Owl photographed during a FONT tour

  328. Barred Owl ______ (MX3)
    Strix varia sartorii

    Barred Owl
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  329. Fulvous Owl______ (MX2) (closely related to the Barred Owl)
    Strix fulvescens 

  330. Long-eared Owl ______
    Asio otus wilsonianus

  331. Stygian Owl______ (MX3)
    Asio stygius 

  332. Striped Owl ______ (MX2)
    Pseudoscops clamator forbesi

  333. Short-eared Owl ______ (MX3)
    Asio f. flammeus

  334. Northern Saw-whet Owl _____
    Aegolius a. acadicus

  335. Unspotted Saw-whet Owl _____ (MX2)
    Aegolius ridgwayi

  336. Great Potoo ______ (MX2)
    Nyctibius grandis guatemalensis

  337. Northern Potoo ______ pt
    Nyctibius jamaicensis mexicanus

    A Northern Potoo at rest during the day 
    (photo during a FONT tour by Alan Brady) 
  338. Common Nighthawk______ yp
    Chordeiles minor 
    (as many as 8 subspecies occur in Mexico as migrants) 

  339. Lesser Nighthawk______ bc,yp
    Chordeiles acutipennis 

  340. Short-tailed Nighthawk ______   (has also been called the Semicollared Nighthawk)
    Lurocalis semitorquatus stonei

  341. Pauraque______ yp
    Nyctidromus albicollis 
    (the single member of its genus)  

  342. Common Poorwill ______  
    Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

  343. Eared Poorwill  ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Nyctiphrynus meleodii

  344. Yucatan Poorwill______ yp
    Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus 

  345. Chuck-will's-widow  ______  yp
    Caprimulgus carolinensis

  346. Tawny-collared Nightjar ______
    Caprimulgus salvini

  347. Yucatan Nightjar ______  yp
    Caprimulgus badius

  348. Buff-collared Nightjar (or "Cookacheea") ______
    Caprimulgus ridgwayi 

  349. Whip-poor-will______   
    Caprimulgus vociferus 

  350. Spot-tailed Nightjar ______ 
    Caprimulgus maculicaudus

  351. White-naped Swift ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Streptoprocne semicollaris

  352. White-collared Swift______ 
    Streptoprocne zonaris 

  353. Chestnut-collared Swift______ 
    Cypseloides rutilus 

  354. American Black Swift______ 
    Cypseloides niger 

  355. White-fronted Swift ______ (MX3) (MXe)  (described as recently as 1992; previously considered part of the White-chinned Swift, which occurs further south in Central America)
    Cypseloides cryptus

  356. Chimney Swift ______
    Chaetura pelagica

  357. Vaux's Swift______ 
    Chaetura vauxi  
    Chaetura vauxi gaumeri 
    (subspecies in the area of the Yucatan Peninsula)

  358. White-throated Swift______
    Aeronautes saxatalis 

  359. Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift ______ (MX3)  
    Panyptila cayennensis 

  360. Great Swallow-tailed Swift ______ (MX3)
    Panyptila sanctihieronymi

  361. Long-billed Hermit______ (p. 30)  (was part of a wider-ranging Long-tailed Hermit, now restricted to South America)
    Phaethornis longirostris

  362. Mexican Hermit ______  (MXe)
    Phaethornis mexicanus

  363. Stripe-throated Hermit______ (MX3)  (p. 30)  (was part of a wider-ranging Little Hermit, now in northeast South America; by some this Central American birds have been called Boucard's Hermit, Phaethornis adolphi)
    Phaethornis striigularis 
    (genus was Pygmornis)

  364. Wedge-tailed Sabrewing______ yp
    Campylopterus curvipennis 

  365. Long-tailed Sabrewing ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Campylopterus excellens

  366. Rufous Sabrewing ______ (MX3)
    Campylopterus rufus 

  367. Violet Sabrewing ______ (MX3)
    Campylopterus h. hemileucurus

  368. White-necked Jacobin ______  
    Florisuga m. mellivora

  369. Green Violet-ear______  
    Colibri t. thalassinus 

  370. Green-breasted Mango______ yp  (another name has been "Prevost's Mango")
    Anthracothorax prevostii

  371. White-eared Hummingbird______ 
    Basilinna leucotis

  372. Xantu's Hummingbird ______  bc  (endemic to Baja California)
    Basilinna xantusii

    A Xantu's Hummingbird at a feeder.
    This bird was actually photographed out-of-range
    in British Columbia, Canada, during FONT's Pacific Coast Tour, in September 1998.
    This species is a resident in Baja California, Mexico, and does not migrate.

  373. Emerald-chinned Hummingbird ______ (MX3)  (another name has been "Abeille's Hummingbird")
    Abeillia abeillei 
    (the single member of its genus)

  374. Short-crested Coquette ______ (MX1) (MXe)
    Lophornis brachylopha

  375. Black-crested Coquette______ (MX3)
    Lophornis helenae 

  376. Canivet's Emerald______ yp  (was part of the former Fork-tailed Emerald)
    Chlorostilbon canivetii 

  377. Golden-crowned Emerald______   (was part of the former Fork-tailed Emerald)
    Chlorostilbon auriceps 

  378. Cozumel Emerald ______  (MXe) cz  (endemic to Cozumel Island) (was part of the former Fork-tailed Emerald) 
    Chlorostilbon forficatus

  379. Dusky Hummingbird _____ (MXe)
    Cynanthus sordidus

  380. Broad-billed Hummingbird _____
    Cynanthus latirostris

  381. Doubleday's Hummingbird ______  (MXe)
    Cynanthus doubledayi

  382. Mexican Woodnymph ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Thalurania ridgwayi 

  383. Blue-throated Sapphire ______  (has also been called Blue-throated Goldentail)
    Hylocharis e. eliciae

  384. White-bellied Emerald______ yp  (p. 31)
    Amazilia candida 

  385. Azure-crowned Hummingbird ______ (another name has been Red-billed Azurecrown
    Amazilia cyanocephala

  386. Berylline Hummingbird______
    Amazilia beryllina 

  387. Blue-tailed Hummingbird______ 
    Amazilia cyanura guatemalae

  388. Cinnamon Hummingbird______ yp
    Amazilia rutila corallirostris

  389. Buff-bellied Hummingbird______ yp  (another name has been Fawn-breasted Hummingbird
    Amazilia y. yucatanensis 

  390. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird______ yp  (p. 31)
    Amazilia t. tzacatl

    Rufous-tailed Hummingbird

  391. Violet-crowned Hummingbird _____
    Amazilia violiceps

  392. Green-fronted Hummingbird ______ (MX2) (MXe)
    Amazilia viridifrons

  393. Cinnamon-sided Hummingbird ______ (MXe)
    Amazilia wagneri

  394. Stripe-tailed Hummingbird ______
    Eupherusa eximia

  395. White-tailed Hummingbird ______ (MX2) (MXe)
    Eupherusa poliocerca

  396. Blue-capped Hummingbird ______ (MX2) (MXe)
    Eupherusa cyanophrys

  397. Amethyst-throated Hummingbird______  (another name has been "Cazique Hummingbird")
    Lampornis amethystinus salvini

  398. Green-throated Mountain-gem ______ (MX3)
    Lampornis viridipallens ovandensis  

  399. Blue-throated Mountain-gem ______  (has been called Blue-throated Hummingbird)
    Lampornis clemenciae

  400. Garnet-throated Hummingbird ______ (MX2) 
    Lamprolaima rhami 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  401. "Rivoli's" Magnificent Hummingbird______   
    Eugenes f. fulgens  

  402. Purple-crowned Fairy______ (MX3) (p. 8 & 31)
    Heliothryx barroti 

  403. Plain-capped Starthroat______
    Heliomaster constantii 

  404. Long-billed Starthroat ______ (MX3)
    Heliomaster longirostris  

  405. Slender Sheartail ______ (MX3)   
    Doricha enicura 

  406. Mexican Sheartail ______ (MX1) (MXe) yp
    Calothorax eliza

  407. Lucifer Sheartail ______  (has been called Lucifer Hummingbird)
    Calothorax lucifer

  408. Beautiful Sheartail ______  (MXe) (has been called Beautiful Hummingbird)
    Calothorax pulcher

  409. Sparkling-tailed Woodstar  ______ (MX2)  (another name has been "Dupont's Hummingbird")
    Tilmatura dupontii 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  410. Ruby-throated Hummingbird______
    Archilochus colubris 

  411. Black-chinned Hummingbird ______  
    Archilochus alexandri

  412. Anna's Hummingbird ______  bc
    Archilochus anna

  413. Costa's Hummingbird ______  bc
    Archilochus costae

  414. Calliope Hummingbird _____ 
    Archilochus calliope

  415. Broad-tailed Hummingbird______ 
    Selasphorus platycercus 
    (monotypic, as S. p. guatemalae now merged)

  416. Rufous Hummingbird ______  
    Selasphorus rufus

  417. Allen's Hummingbird ______
    Selasphorus sasin

  418. Bumblebee Hummingbird ______  (MXe)
    Selasphorus heloisa

  419. Wine-throated Hummingbird ______ (MX2)  (another name has been "Elliot's Hummingbird")
    Atthis ellioti

  420. Resplendent Quetzal (nt) ______ (MX1)  
    Pharomachrus m. mocinno
    (Quetzal is from an aztec word "quetzalli" meaning "precious" or "beautiful".)   

    Resplendent Quetzal
  421. Eared Quetzal ______ (MX2) (MXe)
    Euptilotis neoxenus

  422. Slaty-tailed Trogon______ (MX2)  (p. 13)  (another name has been "Massena Trogon")
    Trogon m. massena

  423. Citreoline Trogon ______ 
    Trogon citreolus

  424. Black-headed Trogon______ yp (was considered conspecific with Citreoline Trogon of Mexico)
    Trogon melanocephalus 
    (now monotypic)

    Black-headed Trogon

  425. Mountain Trogon______ (another name has been "Mexican Trogon")
    Trogon m. mexicanus

  426. Elegant Trogon ______ 
    Trogon elegans

  427. Collared Trogon______ (MX3)  yp
    Trogon collaris 

  428. Violaceous Trogon______ yp  (p. 46)
    violaceus braccatus

  429. Ringed Kingfisher______   (p. 68)
    (formerly Ceryle) t. torquata

  430. Belted Kingfisher______ yp
    (formerly Ceryle) alcyon  (monotypic)

  431. Amazon Kingfisher______ 
    Chloroceryle amazona 
    (now monotypic)

  432. Green Kingfisher______ yp  (p. 68)
    Chloroceryle americana septentrionalis

  433. American Pygmy Kingfisher______ yp  (p. 68)
    Chloroceryle aenea stictoptera

    An American Pygmy Kingfisher photographed during a FONT tour 

  434. Tody Motmot ______ (MX2)
    Hylomanes momotula 
    (the single member of its genus)

  435. Blue-throated Motmot ______ (MX2)
    Aspatha gularis 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  436. Turquoise-browed Motmot______ yp
    Eumomota superciliosa 
    (the single member of its genus) 

    Turquoise-browed Motmot
    (photo by Alan Brady)

  437. Keel-billed Motmot ______ (MX1)
    Electron carinatum

  438. Russet-crowned Motmot______ 
    Momotus mexicanus 

  439. Blue-crowned Motmot ______ yp  (p. 13)
    Momotus momota 

    A Blue-crowned Motmot photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  440. Rufous-tailed Jacamar ______ (MX2) (p. 56-57)
    Galbula ruficauda melanogenia

    A Rufous-tailed Jacamar photographed during a FONT tour

  441. White-necked Puffbird ______ (MX2)  yp
    Notharchus macrorhynchos

  442. White-whiskered Puffbird ______ (MX2)  (an alternate name would be White-whiskered Softwing)
    Malacoptila panamensis inornata

  443. "White-throated" Emerald Toucanet______ (MX3) (p. i)  
    Aulacorhynchus prasinus 

  444. Collared Aracari______ (MX3)  yp  (p. 16)
    Pteroglossus torquatus erythrozonus 

  445. Keel-billed Toucan______ (MX2)  yp  (p. v)
    Ramphastos s. sulfuratus

    Keel-billed Toucan 

  446. Lewis's Woodpecker ______ 
    Melanerpes lewis

  447. Acorn Woodpecker ______ 
    Melanerpes formicivorus 

  448. Black-cheeked Woodpecker ______   (p. 27)
    (formerly Centurus or Tripsurus) pucherani  (monotypic)

  449. Golden-cheeked Woodpecker ______  (MXe)
    Melanerpes (formerly Centurus) cjrysogenys 

  450. Gray-breasted Woodpecker ______  (MXe)
    Melanerpes (formerly Centurus) hypopolius
  451. Yucatan Woodpecker ______  yp  (another name has been Red-vented Woodpecker) 
    Melanerpes (formerly Centurus) pygmaeus

  452. Golden-fronted Woodpecker______ yp
    (formerly Centurus) aurifrons  (2 subspecies in Guatemala: M. a. santacruzi & M. a. hughlandi)

  453. Gila Woodpecker ______  bc
    Melanerpes (formerly Centurus) uropygialis

    Gila Woodpecker
    (photo by Howrd Eskin)

  454. Yellow-bellied Sapsucker______ yp
    Sphyrapicus varius 

  455. Red-naped Sapsucker ______ 
    Sphyrapicus nuchalis

  456. Red-breasted Sapsucker ______  bc
    Sphyrapicus ruber daggetti

  457. Williamson's Sapsucker ______
    Sphyrapicus thyroideus

  458. Ladder-backed Woodpecker ______ yp
    Picoides scalaris

  459. Nuttall's Woodpecker ______  bc
    Picoides nuttallii

  460. Hairy Woodpecker______ hi
    Picoides villosus 

  461. Arizona Woodpecker ______ 
    Picoides arizonae

  462. Strickland's Woodpecker ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Picoides stricklandi

  463. Smoky-brown Woodpecker______ yp
    Veniliornis fumigatus 

  464. Bronze-winged Woodpecker ______ (MXe)
    Piculus aeruginosus

  465. Golden-olive Woodpecker 
    Piculus rubiginosus  (2 subspecies in Mexico)
    Piculus rubiginosus maximus
    Piculus rubiginosus yucatanensis______ 

  466. Gray-crowned Woodpecker ______ (MXe)
    Piculus auricularis

  467. Northern Flicker______   
    Colaptes auratus 

  468. Chestnut-colored Woodpecker ______ (MX3)  yp  (p. 5 & 129)
    Celeus castaneus 

  469. Lineated Woodpecker ______ yp  (p.5)
    Dryocopus lineatus 

  470. Pale-billed Woodpecker______ (MX3)  yp
    Campephilus guatemalensis

  471. Long-tailed Manakin  ______ (MX3) 
    Chiroxiphia l. linearis

  472. White-collared Manakin ______ (MX3) (p. 19: male & female, & 132)  (was considered conspecific with the Golden-collared Manakin of southern Central America; both were said to be conspecific with the White-bearded Manakin of South America)  
    Manacus candei

  473. Red-capped Manakin______ yp  (p.1 & 19)
    Pipra m. mentalis

  474. Masked Tityra______ yp
    Tityra semifasciata 

  475. Black-crowned Tityra______ yp
    Tityra inquisitor fraserii

  476. Rose-throated Becard______ yp
    Pachyramphus aglaiae 

  477. Gray-collared Becard ______ yp
    Pachyramphus major 

  478. Cinnamon Becard______  
    Pachyramphus cinnamomeus fulvidior

  479. Thrushlike Schiffornis______ yp  (has also been called Thrushlike Mourner or Thrushlike Manakin) 
    Schiffornis turdinus veraepacis

  480. Speckled Mourner ______ (MX3)
    Laniocera r. rufescens

  481. Rufous Piha______
    Lipaugus u. unirufus

  482. Lovely Cotinga  ______ (MX2) 
    Cotinga amabilis

  483. Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet ______ (MX3)
    Ornithion semiflavum 

  484. Paltry Tyrannulet______  (has been called Mistletoe Tyrannulet; was conspecific with Venezuelan Tyrannulet of South America)
    Zimmerius v. vilissimus

  485. Northern Beardless Tyrannulet______ yp
    Camptostoma i. imberbe

  486. Greenish Elaenia______ yp
    Myiopagis viridicata 

  487. Caribbean Elaenia ______ cz,yp
    Elaenia martinica remota

  488. Yellow-bellied Elaenia ______ yp  (p. 20)
    Elaenia flavogaster subpagana

  489. Sepia-capped Flycatcher______
    Leptopogon amaurocephalus pileatus

  490. Ochre-bellied Flycatcher______ yp
    Mionectes oleagineus assimilis

  491. Northern Bentbill______ yp  (by some considered conspecific with Southern Bentbill of Panama & northern South Amercia)
    Oncostoma cinereigulare  (monotypic)

  492. Common Tody-Flycatcher______ yp
    Todirostrum cinereum 

  493. Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher______ yp
    (formerly Todirostrum) sylvia schistaceiceps

  494. Eye-ringed Flatbill______ yp
    Rhynchcyclus brevirostris

  495. Yellow-olive Flatbill______ yp  (has been called Yellow-olive Flycatcher)
    Tolmomyias sulphurescens cinereiceps

  496. Stub-tailed Spadebill ______ (MX3) yp  (was part of White-throated Spadebill)
    Platyrinchus cancominus  

  497. Black Phoebe______
    Sayornis nigricans  

  498. Say's Phoebe _____ 
    Sayornis saya

  499. Scissor-tailed Flycatcher______  
    Tyrannus forficatus 

    Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  500. Fork-tailed Flycatcher______
    Tyrannus savana monachus

  501. Eastern Kingbird______ yp
    Tyrannus tyrannus 

  502. Western Kingbird______ lw
    Tyrannus verticalis 

  503. Tropical Kingbird______ yp (p. 48 & 126) 
    Tyrannus melancholicus 

  504. Couch's Kingbird ______ yp
    Tyrannus couchii

  505. Cassin's Kingbird  ______ bc
    Tyrannus v. vociferans

  506. Thick-billed Kingbird ______ (MXqe)
    Tyrannus crassirostris

  507. Gray Kingbird ______ yp
    Tyrannus d. dominicensis

  508. Piratic Flycatcher ______ yp
    Legatus leucophaius variegatus 
      (the single member of its genus)

  509. Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher______ yp
    Myiodynastes luteiventris 

  510. Streaked Flycatcher______ yp
    Myiodynastes maculatus insolens

  511. Boat-billed Flycatcher______ yp
    Megarynchus pitangua 

  512. Social Flycatcher______ yp
    Myiozetetes similis texensis

  513. Great Kiskadee______ yp
    Pitangus sulphuratus guatimalensis

  514. Flammulated Flycatcher ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Deltabynchus flammulatus

  515. Dusky-capped Flycatcher______ 
    Myiarchus tuberculifer 

  516. Yucatan Flycatcher______ yp
    Myiarchus yucatanensis

  517. Brown-crested Flycatcher______ yp
    Myiarchus tyrannulus cooperi

  518. Great Crested Flycatcher______ yp
    Myiarchus crinitus 

  519. Nutting's Flycatcher______
    Myiarchus nuttingi flavidior

  520. Ash-throated Flycatcher______
    Myiarchus c. cinerascens

  521. Vermilion Flycatcher______ yp
    Pyrocephalus rubinus 
    (now with the Darwin's Flycatcher of the Galapagos Islands split, no longer the single member of its genus)

  522. Bright-rumped Attila______ yp
    Attila spadiceus 

  523. Rufous Mourner______
    Rhytipterna h. holerythra

  524. Olive-sided Flycatcher (nt)  ______ (an alternate name could be "Boreal Pewee"
    Contopus cooperi
    (formerly genus Nuttallornis, previous scientific name borealis) (monotypic)

  525. Greater Pewee______  (a former name was the "Coue's Flycatcher") (this species, and the Dark Pewee of southern Central America, were previously considered conspecific with the Smoke-colored Pewee of South America)    
    Contopus p. pertinax

  526. Eastern Wood Pewee______ yp
    Contopus virens 

  527. Western Wood Pewee______
    Contopus sordidulus 
    (4 subspecies migrate thru Guatemala)

  528. Tropical Pewee______ yp
    Contopus cinereus brachytarsus

  529. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher______ yp
    Empidonax flaviventris 

  530. White-throated Flycatcher______
    Empidonax a. albigularis

  531. Yellowish Flycatcher______
    Empidonax flavescens salvini

  532. Pine Flycatcher______
    Empidonax affinis trepidus

  533. Willow Flycatcher______ 
    Empidonax t. trailii

  534. Alder Flycatcher______
    Empidonax alnorum 

  535. Least Flycatcher______ yp
    Empidonax minimus 

  536. Acadian Flycatcher ______ yp
    Empidonax virescens 

  537. Hammond's Flycatcher______
    Empidonax hammondii 

  538. Dusky Flycatcher _____
    Empidonax oberholseri

  539. Gray Flycatcher ______
    Empidonax wrightii

  540. Pacific Slope Flycatcher ______ 
    Empidonax difficilis

  541. Cordilleran Flycatcher ______
    Empidonax occidentalis 

  542. Buff-breasted Flycatcher______ 
    Empidonax fulvifrons fusciceps

  543. Northern Tufted Flycatcher ______ 
    Mitrephanes p. phaeocercus

  544. Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher ______ (MX3)
    Terenotriccus erythrurus fulvigularis 
    (the single member of its genus)

  545. Northern Royal Flycatcher ______ (MX1)  yp  (p. 20)  (was considered conspecific with related South American species: the Amazonian Royal Flycatcher, Pacific Royal Flycatcher, and Atlantic Royal Flycatcher)
    Onychorhynchus mexicanus 
    (monotypic, as now distinct from other Royal Flycatchers)

    Northern Royal Flycatcher

  546. Sulphur-rumped Myiobius ______ yp  (has been called Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher; closely related to the Whiskered Myiobius, or Flycatcher. of South America, with which it was conspecific)
    Myiobius sulphureipygius

  547. Belted Flycatcher ______ (MX2) 
    Xenotriccus callizonus

  548. Pileated Flycatcher ______ (MX3)  (MXe)
    Xenotriccus mexicanus

  549. Great Antshrike ______ (MX3)
    Taraba major melanocrissa

  550. Barred Antshrike______ yp
    Thamnophilus doliatus 

  551. Russet Antshrike ______ (MX3)
    Thamnistes a. anabatinus

  552. Plain Antvireo ______ (MX3) 
    Dysithamnus mentalis septentrionalis

  553. Slaty Antwren ______ (MX3)
    Myrmotherula s. schisticolor

  554. Dot-winged Antwren ______ (MX3)
    Microrhopias quixensis 
    (the single member of its genus)

  555. Dusky Antbird______
    Cercomacra tyrannina crepera

  556. "Mexican" Black-faced Antthrush ______ yp
    Formicarius analis monileger  

  557. Scaled Antpitta ______ (MX2)
    Grallaria guatimalensis

  558. Tawny-winged Woodcreeper ______ (MX3)  yp
    Dendrocincla anabatina

    A Tawny-winged Woodcreeper photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  559. Ruddy Woodcreeper______ yp
    Dendrocincla h. homochroa

    A Ruddy Woodcreeper photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)
  560. Olivaceous Woodcreeper______ yp
    Sittasomus griseicapillus 
    (the single member of its genus)

  561. Wedge-billed Woodcreeper ______ (MX3) 
    Glyphorynchus spirurus pectoralis 
    (the single member of its genus)

  562. Strong-billed Woodcreeper ______ (MX1) 
    Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus 

  563. Northern Barred Woodcreeper______ (MX3) yp
    Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae

  564. Black-banded Woodcreeper ______ (MX2)
    Dendrocolaptes picumnus puncticollis
  565. Ivory-billed Woodcreeper______ yp  (has also been called "Laughing Woodcreeper", due to its commonly-heard call)
    Xiphorhynchus flavigaster 

  566. Spotted Woodcreeper ______ (MX2)
    Xiphorhynchus erythropygius 

  567. Spot-crowned Woodcreeper______ (was conspecific with what's now the  Montane Woodcreeper, Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger, of northern South America) 
    Lepidocolaptes affinis

  568. White-striped Woodcreeper ______  (MXe)
    Lepidocolaptes leucogaster

  569. Streak-headed Woodcreeper______ 
    Lepidocolaptes souleyetii 

  570. Rufous-breasted Spinetail______ yp
    Synallaxis erythrothorax 

  571. Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner ______ (MX3)
    Automolus ochrolaemus  

  572. Ruddy Foliage-gleaner ______ (MX2)
    Automolus rubiginosus 

  573. Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner______  (has also been called Spectacled Foliage-gleaner)
    Anabacerthia v. variegaticeps 

  574. Plain Xenops ______ (MX3)  yp
    Xenops minutus mexicanus

  575. Tawny-throated Leaftosser ______ (MX3)  (has also been called Tawny-throated Leafscraper)
    Sclerurus m. mexicanus

  576. Scaly-throated Leaftosser ______ (MX3)  (has also been called Scaly-throated Leafscraper
    Sclerurus g. guatemalensis 

  577. Rufous-browed Peppershrike______ yp
    Cyclarhis gujanensis  

  578. Chestnut-sided Shrike-Vireo (nt)______
    Vireolanius melitophrys 

  579. Green Shrike-Vireo______ (was considered conspecific with Yellow-browed Shrike-Vireo of Panama & northern South America)
    Vireolanius pulchellus 

  580. Slaty Vireo ______  (MXe)
    Vireo brevipennis

  581. White-eyed Vireo______ yp
    Vireo griseus 

  582. Mangrove Vireo ______ (MX3)  yp
    Vireo pallens   

  583. Cozumel Vireo ______ (MX3) (MXe) (endemic to Cozumel Is.)
    Vireo bairdi

  584. Bell's Vireo  (nt)  ______ (MX2)  bc
    Vireo b. bellii  

  585. Black-capped Vireo ______ (MX1)
    Vireo atricapillus

    Black-capped Vireo

  586. Dwarf Vireo ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Vireo nelsoni

  587. Gray Vireo ______
    Vireo vicinior

  588. Blue-headed Vireo ______  (was part of Solitary Vireo)
    Vireo s. solitarius

  589. Cassin's Vireo ______ bc  (was part of Solitary Vireo)
    Vireo cassini

  590. Plumbeous Vireo ______ hi,ps  (was part of Solitary Vireo)
    Vireo plumbeus 

  591. Hutton's Vireo______
    Vireo huttoni 

  592. Yellow-throated Vireo______ yp
    Vireo flavifrons 

  593. Golden Vireo ______ (MXe)
    Vireo hypochryseus

  594. Philadelphia Vireo______ yp
    Vireo philadelphicus 

  595. Red-eyed Vireo______ yp  (p. 123)
    Vireo olivaceus

  596. Yellow-green Vireo______ yp
    Vireo flavoviridis 

  597. Black-whiskered Vireo ______ yp
    Vireo altiloquus

  598. Yucatan Vireo ______ yp
    Vireo m. magister

  599. Warbling Vireo______ 
    Vireo gilvus 

  600. Brown-capped Vireo______  (was at one time said to be conspecific with Warbling Vireo)
    Vireo leucophrys 

  601. Tawny-crowned Greenlet ______ (MX3)  yp
    Hylophilus o. ochraceiceps

  602. "Gray-headed" Lesser Greenlet______ yp  (Mexican & Central American gray-headed races conspecific with South American race)
    Hylophilus d. decurtatus

  603. Loggerhead Shrike ______
    Lanius ludovicianus

  604. Black-throated Magpie-Jay ______ 
    Calocitta colliei

  605. White-throated Magpie-Jay______ lw,ps  (was been considered by some conspecific with the Black-throated Magpie-Jay)
    Calocitta formosa 

  606. Tufted Jay ______ (MX1) (MXe)
    Cyanocorax dickeyi

  607. Brown Jay ______  yp
    Cyanocorax morio

  608. Green Jay ______ yp  (was considered conspecific with what's now called the Inca Jay, Cyanocorax yncas, in South America)
    Cyanocorax luxuosus  

  609. Purplish-backed Jay ______ (MX2) (MXe)
    Cyanocorax beecheii

  610. San Blas Jay ______  (MXe)
    Cyanocorax sanblasianus

  611. Yucatan Jay ______  yp
    Cyanocorax yucatanicus

  612. Black-throated Jay ______ (MX2) 
    Cyanolyca pumilo 

  613. Azure-hooded Jay ______ (MX2)
    Cyanolyca cucullata 

  614. Dwarf Jay ______ (MX1) (MXe)
    Cyanolyca nana

  615. White-throated Jay ______ (MX1) (MXe)
    Cyanolyca mirabilis

  616. Western Scrub Jay ______ 
    Aphelocoma coerulescens

  617. Mexican Jay ______  (has also been called the Gray-breasted Jay)
    Aphelocoma ultramarina

    The Mexican Jay is not only in Mexico. It also occurs in the adjacent United States,
    in the highlands of southern Arizona and western Texas at Big Bend National Park.  

  618. Unicolored Jay______ (MX2)
    Aphelocoma unicolor

  619. Pinyon Jay ______ bc
    Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

  620. Steller's Jay______ 
    Cyanocitta stelleri 

  621. Clark's Nutcracker ______ (MX1)
    Nucifraga columbiana

  622. American Crow ______  bc(far-north)
    Corvus brachyrhynchos hesperis

  623. Tamaulipas Crow ______  (MXqe)
    Corvus imparatus

  624. Sinaloa Crow ______  (MXe)
    Corvus sinaloae

  625. Chihuahuan Raven ______
    Corvus cryptoleucus

  626. Northern Raven ______ bc
    Corvus corax

  627. Cedar Waxwing______ yp
    Bombycilla cedrorum 
    (now monotypic)

  628. Gray Silky Flycatcher ______
    Ptilogonys cinereus 

  629. Phainopepla ______
    Phainopepla nitens

  630. Mexican Chickadee ______ 
    Poecile (formerly Parus) sclateri

  631. Mountain Chickadee _____  bc (north)
    Poecile (formerly Parus) gambeli

  632. Bridled Titmouse ______
    Baeolophus (formerly Parus) wollweberi

  633. Oak Titmouse ______  bc (north)
    Baeolophus (formerly Parus) inornatus

  634. Black-crested Titmouse ______
    Baeolophus (formerly Parus) atricristatus

  635. Verdin ______
    Auriparus flaviceps


  636. Purple Martin______ yp
    Progne subis  

  637. Sinaloa Martin ______ (MX3)  (another name has been the Snowy-bellied Martin) (was considered as conspecific with Caribbean Martin, Progne domincensis)
    Progne sinaloae  (monotypic)

  638. Gray-breasted Martin______ yp
    Progne chalybea

  639. Tree Swallow______ yp
    Tachycineta bicolor 

  640. Mangrove Swallow______ yp
    Tachycineta albilinea 

  641. Violet-green Swallow______ bc
    Tachycineta thalassina 
    (2 subspecies: one, T. t. thalassina, said to winter south to Costa Rica; the other, T. t. brachyptera, said to winter south to southwest Mexico)

  642. Black-capped Swallow ______ (MX3)
    Notiochelidon pileata 

  643. Bank Swallow (or Sand Martin) ______ lw
    Riparia r. riparia

  644. Northern Rough-winged Swallow ______ yp
    Stelgidopteryx serripennis  

  645. Ridgways' Rough-winged Swallow ______ yp  (has been considered conspecific with the Northern Rough-winged Swallow)
    Stelgidopteryx ridgwayi  

  646. Barn Swallow ______ yp
    Hirundo rustica erythrogaster

  647. American Cliff Swallow ______ yp
    (has been Hirundo) pyrrhonota  

  648. Cave Swallow ______ yp
    Petrochelidon fulva

    Cave Swallow 
    (photo by Devich Farbotnik)

  649. American Bushtit ______  bc (north)  (has been called Common Bushtit)
    Psaltriparus minimus  (in the same family as what's been the
    Long-tailed Tit, now the Long-tailed Bushtit, and some other Eurasian species)

  650. Horned Lark ______ bc
    Eremophila alpestris

  651. Rufous-naped Wren ______ 
    Campylorhynchus rufinucha 

    Rufous-naped Wren

  652. Band-backed Wren______  (has also been called Barred Wren)
    Campylorhynchus zonatus  

  653. Gray-barred Wren ______  (MXe)
    Campylorhynchus megalopterus

  654. Giant Wren ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Campylorhynchus chiapensis

  655. Spotted Wren ______  (MXe)
    Campylorhynchus gularis

  656. Boucard's Wren ______  (MXe)
    Campylorhynchus jocosus

  657. Yucatan Wren ______ (MX1) (MXe)  yp
    Campylorhynchus yucatanicus

  658. Cactus Wren ______  bc
    Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

  659. Rock Wren ______  bc
    Salpinctes obsoletus

  660. Canyon Wren ______ bc
    Catherpes mexicanus

  661. Sumichrast's Wren ______ (MX2) (MXe)
    Hylorchilus sumichrasti

  662. Nava's Wren ______ (MX1) (MXe)
    Hylorchilus navai

  663. White-bellied Wren ______ yp
    Uropsila leucogastra 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  664. Plain Wren______
    Thryothorus m. modestus

  665. Rufous-and-white Wren______
    Thryothorus r. rufalbus

  666. Happy Wren ______  (MXe)
    Thryothous felix

  667. Sinaloa Wren ______  (MXe)
    Thryothous sinaloa

  668. Spot-breasted Wren______  yp  (closely related to Speckle-breasted Wren of South America)
    Thryothous maculipectus   

  669. Banded Wren ______  
    Thryothous pleurostictus

  670. Carolina Wren______ yp  (includes White-browed Wren of the Yucatan, T. l. albinucha)
    Thryothorus ludovicianus 

  671. Bewick's Wren ______  (formerly bc)
    Thryomanes bewickii

  672. House Wren______ yp  (including "Cozumel Wren", "Brown-throated Wren", "Northern House Wren", and "Southern House Wren") 

  673. Rufous-browed Wren______
    Troglodytes rufociliatus  

  674. Winter Wren ______
    Troglodytes troglodytes hiemalis

  675. Sedge Wren  ______
    Cistothorus platensis

  676. Marsh Wren ______ 
    Cistothorus palustris

  677. White-breasted Wood-Wren______ pt
    Henicorhina leucosticta 

  678. Gray-breasted Wood-Wren ______ hi
    Henicorhina leucophrys 

  679. Nightingale Wren ______
    Microcerculus philomela

  680. Blue-gray Gnatcatcher______ yp
    Polioptila caerulea  

  681. Black-tailed Gnatcatcher ______
    Polioptila melanura

  682. California Gnatcatcher ______ bc
    Polioptila californica

  683. Black-capped Gnatcatcher ______ (MXe)
    Polioptila nigriceps

  684. White-lored Gnatcatcher______ 
    Polioptila albiloris

  685. Tropical Gnatcatcher ______ (MX3)  yp
    Polioptila plumbea brodkorbi

  686. Long-billed Gnatwren ______  yp 
    Ramphocaenus melanurus  (the single member of its genus)

  687. White-breasted Nuthatch ______ bc (north)
    Sitta carolinensis

  688. Pygmy Nuthatch ______ bc (north)
    Sitta pygmaea

    Pygmy Nuthatch

  689. Brown Creeper ______ 
    Certhia americana

  690. Common Starling ______ bc (north)
    Sturnus vulgaris

  691. American Robin ______  bc (north)
    Turdus migratorius

  692. Rufous-backed Robin ______  (MXe)
    Turdus rufopalliatus

  693. Grayson's Robin ______  (MXe)
    Turdus graysoni 

  694. Rufous-collared Thrush ______  (has been called Rufous-collared Robin)
    Turdus rufitorques 

  695. Clay-colored Thrush ______ yp  (has been called Clay-colored Robin)
    Turdus grayi 

  696. Mountain Thrush ______ (MX3)  (has been called Mountain Robin)
    Turdus plebejus 

  697. Black Thrush ______ (MX2) (has been called Black Robin)
    Turdus infuscatus 

  698. White-throated Thrush ______ hi,ps  (has been considered conspecific with the White-necked Thrush and the Dagua Thrush, both of South America)
    Turdus assimilis 

  699. Varied Thrush ______  bc (north)
    Zoothera naevia meruloides

  700. Aztec Thrush ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Zoothera pinicola

  701. Townsend's Solitaire ______  (MXe)  bc (north)
    Myadestes townsendi

  702. Brown-backed Solitaire______ (MXe)
    Myadestes occidentalis 

  703. Slate-colored Solitaire______ (MX2)
    Myacestes unicolor

  704. Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush______ (MX2)
    Catharus frantzii  

  705. Russet Nightingale-Thrush ______
    Catharus occidentalis

  706. Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush______ 
    Catharus aurantiirostris 

  707. Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush ______ (MX3) 
    Catharus mexicanus 

  708. Spotted Nightingale-Thrush ______ (MX2)
    Catharus dryas

  709. Veery ______  yp
    Catharus fuscescens

  710. Wood Thrush______ yp
    (formerly Catharus) mustelinus  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  711. Swainson's Thrush______ yp
    Catharus ustulatus 

  712. Gray-cheeked Thrush______ yp
    Catharus minimus 

  713. Hermit Thrush ______ bc
    Catharus guttatus

  714. Eastern Bluebird______ 
    Sialia sialis 

  715. Western Bluebird ______ bc (north)
    Sialia mexicana

  716. Mountain Bluebird  ______  bc (north)
    Sialia currucoides

  717. Sage Thrasher ______  bc
    Oreoscoptes montanus

  718. Long-billed Thrasher ______
    Toxostoma longisrostre

  719. Cozumel Thrasher ______ (MX1) (MXe) (endemic to Cozumel is.)
    Toxostoma guttatum

  720. Gray Thrasher ______  (MXe) (endemic to Baja California)
    Toxostoma cinereum

  721. Bendire's Thrasher ______  
    Toxostoma bendirei

  722. Curve-billed Thrasher ______
    Toxostoma curvirostre

  723. Ocellated Thrasher ______  (MXe)
    Toxostoma ocellatum

  724. California Thrasher ______   bc (north)
    Toxostoma r, redivivum

  725. Crissal Thrasher ______ 
    Toxostoma crissale

  726. LeConte's Thrasher ______  bc
    Toxostoma lecontei

  727. Blue Mockingbird  ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Melanotis caerulescens

  728. Blue-and-white Mockingbird ______ hi  (closely related to the Blue Mockingbird)
    Melanotis hypoleucus  (monotypic)

  729. Northern Mockingbird ______  bc
    Mimus polyglottos leucopterus

  730. Tropical Mockingbird ______ yp
    Mimus gilvus 

  731. Gray Catbird ______ yp
    Dumetella carolinensis 

  732. Black Catbird ______  yp
    Dumetella glabrirostris

  733. American Dipper ______ (MX3)
    Cinclus mexicanus

  734. Wrentit ______  bc (north)
    Chamaea fasciata canicauda

  735. Golden-crowned Kinglet ______
    Regulus satrapa

  736. Ruby-crowned Kinglet______ 
    Regulus calendula

  737. House Sparrow (i) ______ bc
    Passer domesticus

  738. Buff-bellied (or American) Pipit ______ 
    Anthus rubescens

  739. Sprague's Pipit ______
    Anthus spragueii

  740. Olive Warbler ______  (called a warbler, but not a warbler at all; not in the same family as the New World (or the Old World) Warblers. Taxonomically placed between accentors and pipits.) 
    Peucedramus taeniatus 
    (the single member of its genus & family)  

  741. Blue-crowned Chlorophonia ______ (was considered by some conspecific with the Golden-browed Chlorophonia of southern Central America)
    Chlorophonia occipitalis 

  742. Elegant Euphonia ______ (was part of the Blue-hooded Euphonia that also included the Antillean Euphonia of West Indies & the Golden-rumped Euphonia of South America)
    Euphonia elegantissma

  743. Scrub Euphonia______ yp
    Euphonia affinis

  744. Yellow-throated Euphonia ______ yp
    Euphonia hirundinacea

  745. Olive-backed Euphonia ______ (MX3)  (p. 20)
    Euphonia g. gouldi

  746. Purple Finch ______  bc (north)
    Carpodacus purpureus californicus

  747. Cassin's Finch ______  bc (far-north)
    Carpodacus cassinii

  748. House Finch ______  bc
    Carpodacus mexicanus

  749. Red Crossbill ______  
    Loxia curvirostra 

  750. Pine Siskin ______  bc (north)
    Carduelis pinus

  751. Black-capped Siskin (nt) ______ (MX3) 
    Carduelis atriceps  (monotypic)

  752. Black-headed Siskin ______ 
    Carduelis notata 

  753. Lawrence's Goldfinch ______  bc (north)
    Carduelis lawrenci

  754. American Goldfinch ______  bc (far-north)
    Carduelis tristis

  755. Lesser Goldfinch ______ bc,yp
    Carduelis psaltria 

  756. Hooded Grosbeak ______ hi
    (formerly Coccothraustes) abeillei cobanensis

  757. Evening Grosbeak ______  
    Coccothraustes vespertinus montana

  758. Black-and-white Warbler______  yp
    Mniotilta varia 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  759. Prothonotary Warbler ______ yp
    Protonotaria citrea 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  760. Worm-eating Warbler ______ yp
    Helmitheros vermivorus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  761. Swainson's Warbler ______ (MX3)  yp
    Limnothlypis swainsonii  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  762. Golden-winged Warbler  (nt)  ______ yp
    Vermivora chrysoptera 

  763. Blue-winged Warbler ______ yp
    Vermivora pinus 

  764. Tennessee Warbler______ yp
    Vermivora peregrina 

  765. Orange-crowned Warbler ______
    Vermivora celata

  766. Colima Warbler ______ (MX3)
    Vermivora crissalis

  767. Nashville Warbler ______ 
    Vermivora ruficapilla

  768. Virginia's Warbler ______ 
    Vermivora virginiae

  769. Lucy's Warbler ______
    Vermivora luciae

  770. Northern Parula______ yp
    Parula americana 

  771. Tropical Parula ______ (MX3)
    Parula pitiayumi

  772. Crescent-chested Warbler ______ 
    (formerly Vermivora) s. superciliosa 

  773. American Yellow Warbler______ bc,yp
    Dendroica petechia 

  774. Mangrove Warbler ______ yp
    Dendroica erithachoriides

  775. Magnolia Warbler ______ yp
    Dendroica magnolia

  776. Cape May Warbler ______ yp
    Dendroica tigrina

  777. "Myrtle" Yellow-rumped Warbler ______ yp
    Dendroica c. coronata

  778. "Audubon's" Yellow-rumped Warbler ______ 
    Dendroica coronata auduboni

  779. "Goldman's" Yellow-rumped Warbler______ (MX2)
    Dendroica coronata goldmani

  780. Black-throated Blue Warbler ______ yp
    Dendroica caerulescens

  781. Black-throated Gray Warbler  ______ 
    Dendroica nigrescens

  782. Townsend's Warbler______
    Dendroica townsendi

  783. Black-throated Green Warbler______ yp
    Dendroica virens

  784. Golden-cheeked Warbler (t2) ______ (MX2)
    Dendroica chrysoparia 

  785. Hermit Warbler______  
    Dendroica occientalis 

  786. Cerulean Warbler  (t3) ______ yp
    Dendroica cerulea

  787. Blackburnian Warbler ______ yp
    Dendroica fusca

  788. Prairie Warbler______ yp
    Dendroica discolor

  789. Palm Warbler ______ yp
    Dendroica palmarum

  790. Yellow-throated Warbler ______ yp
    Dendroica dominica

  791. Grace's Warbler______ 
    Dendroica graciae 

  792. Chestnut-sided Warbler______ yp
    Dendroica pensylvanica

  793. Bay-breasted Warbler______ yp
    Dendroica castanea

  794. Blackpoll Warbler______ yp
    Dendroica striata

  795. Ovenbird______ yp
    Seiurus aurocapillus

  796. Northern Waterthrush ______ yp
    Seiurus noveboracensis

  797. Louisiana Waterthrush______ yp  (p. 67)
    Seiurus motacilla

  798. Canada Warbler ______  
    Wilsonia canadesis

  799. Wilson's Warbler ______ yp
    Wilsonia canadensis

  800. Hooded Warbler______ yp
    Wilsonia citrina

  801. Kentucky Warbler______ yp  (p. 67)
    Oporornis formosus

  802. Mourning Warbler ______
    Oporornis philadelphia

  803. MacGillivray's Warbler ______ (MX2)
    Oporornis tolmiei

  804. Common Yellowthroat ______ yp
    Geothlypis t. trichas

  805. Belding's Yellowthroat ______ (MX1) (MXe)  bc   (endemic to Baja California)
    Geothlypis beldingi

  806. Altamira Yellowthroat ______ (MX2) (MXe)
    Geothlypis trichas

  807. Hooded Yellowthroat ______  (MXe) 
    Geothlypis nelsoni

  808. Black-polled Yellowthroat ______ (MX1) (MXe)
    Geothlypis speciosa

  809. Gray-crowned Yellowthroat ______ yp  (has been called "Ground-Chat" or "Meadow Warbler")
    Chamaethlypis poliocephala  

  810. Red-faced Warbler ______
    Cardellina rubrifrons 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  811. American Redstart______ yp  (p. 67)
    Setophaga ruticilla 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  812. Painted Whitestart ______  (has been called Painted Redstart)
    Myioborus pictus 

    Painted Whitestart

  813. Slate-throated Whitestart ______ (has been called Slate-throated Redstart)
    Myioborus miniatus 

  814. Red Warbler ______  (MXe)
    Ergaticus ruber

  815. Pink-headed Warbler (nt) ______ (MX1)
    Ergaticus versicolor 

  816. Fan-tailed Warbler ______  
    Basileuterus lachrymosa 

  817. Stripe-crowned Warbler ______ yp  (has been called Golden-crowned Warbler)
    Basileuterus culicivorus

  818. Golden-browed Warbler______ (another name has been "Bell's Warbler")
    Basileuterus belli scitulus

  819. Rufous-capped Warbler ______ (closely related to the more-southerly Chestnut-capped Warbler)
    Basileuterus rufifrons

  820. Chestnut-capped Warbler ______  
    Basileuterus delattrii

  821. Yellow-breasted Chat______ yp
    Icteria virens auricollis 
    (the single member of its genus; the family uncertain, as now said not to be a warbler)

  822. Red-breasted Chat ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Granatellus venustus  (the family uncertain, as now said not to be a warbler) 

  823. Gray-throated Chat______ yp
    Granatellus sallaei 
    (the family uncertain, as now said not to be a warbler)

  824. Bobolink ______  yp
    Dolichonyx oryzivorus

  825. Chestnut-headed Oropendola ______ (MX3)
    Zarhynchus w. wagleri

  826. Montezuma Oropendola ______ (MX3) (p. 18)
    Psarocolius montezuma 

  827. Yellow-winged Cacique ______  (MXqe)  
    Cacicus melanicterus 

  828. Yellow-billed Cacique______ yp
    (formerly Cacicus) h. holosericeus  (the single member of its genus)

  829. Brown-headed Cowbird ______  
    Molothrus ater

  830. Bronzed Cowbird ______ yp  (an alternate name would be "Red-eyed Cowbird")
    Molothrus aeneus

  831. Giant Cowbird ______ pt
    Molothrus oryzivorus impacifica

  832. Great-tailed Grackle ______ yp
    Quiscalus mexicanus

  833. Brewer's Blackbird ______  bc
    Euphagus cyanocephalus

  834. Melodious Blackbird______ yp
    Dives dives 

  835. Red-winged Blackbird _____ yp
    Agelaius phoeniceus  

  836. Tricolored Blackbird ______  bc (north)
    Agelaius tricolor

  837. Yellow-headed Blackbird ______  
    Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

  838. Black-cowled Oriole______ yp  (was conspecific with the Greater Antillean Oriole of West Indies, which itself has been, by some, split)
    Icterus prosthemelas
  839. Baltimore Oriole ______ yp  (for a while was considered conspecific with Bullock's Oriole and was then called the Northern Oriole)
    Icterus galbula 

  840. Bullock's Oriole ______ bc  (for a while was considered conspecific witn the Baltimore Oriole and was then called the Northern Oriole.) (Includes the "Abeille's", or "Black-backed", Oriole of Mexico) 
    Icterus bullockii  (monotypic)

  841. Scott's Oriole  ______  bc
    Icterus parisorum

    Scott's Oriole

  842. Orchard Oriole______ yp
    Icterus spurius

  843. Bar-winged Oriole______ (MX3)
    Icterus maculialatus 

  844. Hooded Oriole ______  yp
    Icterus cucullatus
  845. Black-vented Oriole ______ 
    Icterus wagleri

  846. Yellow-backed Oriole ______ yp
    Icterus chrysater  

  847. Audubon's Oriole ______  (closely related to more-southerly Yellow-backed Oriole)
    Icterus graduacauda

  848. Yellow-tailed Oriole ______ yp
    Icterus m. mesomelas

  849. Altamira Oriole ______ yp (at one time was known as Lichtenstein's Oriole)
    Icterus gularis  

  850. Streak-backed Oriole ______
    Icterus pustulatus  

  851. Orange Oriole ______  yp
    Icterus auratus

  852. Spot-breasted Oriole ______   
    Icterus pectoralis 

  853. Eastern Meadowlark______ yp
    Sturnella magna  

  854. Western Meadowlark ______ bc
    Sturnella neglecta

  855. Bananaquit ______  yp
    Coereba flaveola

  856. Grassland Yellow Finch ______
    Sicalis luteola

  857. White-naped Brush Finch ______  (MXe)
    Atlapetes albinucha

  858. Yellow-throated Brush-Finch ______ 
    Atlapetes gutturalis

  859. Rufous-capped Brush Finch ______
    Atlapetes pileatus

  860. Chestnut-capped Brush Finch ______ 
    (formerly Atlapetes) brunneinucha  

  861. Green-striped Brush Finch ______  (MXe)
    Buarremon (formerly Atlapetes) virenticeps

  862. Olive Sparrow ______  yp
    Arremonops rufivirgatus

  863. Green-backed Sparrow______ yp 
    Arremonops c. chloronotus

  864. Orange-billed Sparrow ______ 
    Arremon aurantiirostris 

  865. Rusty-crowned Ground Sparrow ______  (MXe)
    Melozone kieneri

  866. Prevost's Ground Sparrow ______ (MX3) (was considered conspecific with the Cabanis' Ground Sparrow, M. cabanis, of southern Central America & Rusty-crowned Ground-Sparrow, M. kieneri, of Mexico)
    Melozone biarcuata  (monotypic)  

    A Prevost's Ground Sparrow photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Z. Gardner)

  867. White-eared Ground-Sparrow ______ (MX3)
    Melozone leucotis 

  868. Green-tailed Towhee ______
    Pipilo chlorurus

  869. Collared Towhee ______  (MXe)
    Pipilo ocai

  870. Spotted Towhee ______ (was part of the "Rufous-sided Towhee"; considered conspecific with the "Olive-sided Towhee" of Mexico, "Socorro Towhee" of Mexico, and formerly so with the Eastern Towhee of North America) 
    Pipilo maculatus  

  871. California Towhee ______  bc
    Pipilo crissalis

  872. Canyon Towhee ______ 
    Pipilo fuscus

  873. Abert's Towhee _____  (in Mexico only in a very limited area near the Colorado River)
    Pipilo aberti

  874. White-throated Towhee ______  (MXe)
    Pipilo albicollis

  875. Bridled Sparrow ______  (MXe)
    Aimophila mystacalis

  876. Five-striped Sparrow ______  (MXqe)
    Aimophila quinquestriata

  877. Black-chested Sparrow ______  (MXe)
    Aimophila humeralis

  878. Stripe-headed Sparrow ______  
    Aimophila ruficauda 

  879. Cinnamon-tailed Sparrow  ______ (MX1) (MXe)
    Aimophila sumichrasti

  880. Rusty Sparrow______ 
    Aimophila rufescens  

  881. Botteri's Sparrow ______  yp
    Aimophila botteri 
    (subspecies A. b. petenica: the "Yellow-carpalled, or Peten, Sparrow")

  882. Cassin's Sparrow ______  
    Aimophila cassinii

  883. Rufous-winged Sparrow ______
    Aimophila carpalis

  884. Rufous-crowned Sparrow ______
    Aimophila ruficeps

  885. Oaxaca Sparrow ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Aimophila notosticta

  886. Striped Sparrow ______  (MXe)
    Oriturus superciliosus

  887. Black-throated Sparrow ______ 
    Amphispiza bilineata

  888. Sage Sparrow ______  bc
    Amphispiza belli

  889. Chipping Sparrow ______ 
    Spizella passerina 

  890. Clay-colored Sparrow ______
    Spizella pallida

  891. Brewer's Sparrow ______
    Spizella b. breweri

  892. Field Sparrow ______
    Spizella pusilla arenacea

  893. Worthen's Sparrow ______ (MX2) (MXe)
    Spizella wortheni

  894. Black-chinned Sparrow ______
    Spizella atrogularis

  895. Vesper Sparrow ______  
    Poocetes gramineus

  896. Lark Sparrow ______
    Chondestes grammacus

  897. Lark Bunting ______
    Calamospiza melanocorys

  898. Baird's Sparrow ______
    Ammodramus bairdii

  899. Grasshopper Sparrow ______
    Ammodramus savannarum

  900. Sierra Madre Sparrow ______ (MX1) (MXe)
    Ammodramus baileyi

  901. Savannah Sparrow _____ yp
    Passerculus (formerly Ammodramus) sandwichensis

  902. Large-billed Sparrow ______ (MX3) (MXe) bc  (has been part of Savannah Sparrow)
    Passerculus (formerly Ammodramus) rostratus

  903. Song Sparrow ______
    Melospiza melodia

  904. Lincoln's Sparrow ______
    Melospiza lincolnii

  905. Swamp Sparrow ______
    Melospiza georgiana

  906. Fox Sparrow ______  bc (north)
    Passerella iliaca

  907. Rufous-collared Sparrow______
    Zonotrichia capensis septentrionalis 
    (the northernmost of 29 subspecies)


    A Rufous-collared Sparrow photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Z. Gardner)
  908. White-throated Sparrow ______ hi
    Zonotrichia albicollis

  909. Golden-crowned Sparrow ______  bc (north)
    Zonotrichia atricapilla

  910. White-crowned Sparrow ______  bc
    Zonotrichia leucophrys

  911. Dark-eyed Junco ______
    Junco hyemalis

  912. Guadeloupe Junco ______  (MXe) (endemic to Guadeloupe Island in the Pacific Ocean)
    Junco insularis

  913. Yellow-eyed Junco ______  bc  (includes "Baird's Junco" of the lower Baja California)  
    Junco phaeonotus 

  914. McCown's Longspur ______
    Calcarius mccownii

  915. Chestnut-collared Longspur ______ 
    Calcarius ornatus

  916. Golden-hooded Tanager ______ (p. 26)  (closely related to Masked Tanager of South America)
    Tangara larvata

  917. Azure-rumped Tanager (t2) ______ (MX1) (another name has been "Cabanis's Tanager")
    Tangara cabanisi 

  918. Blue-gray Tanager ______ (p. 20)
    Thraupis episcopus cana

  919. Yellow-winged Tanager  yp  (p. 20)
    Thraupis abbas 

  920. Hepatic Tanager ______ 
    Piranga hepatica 

  921. Summer Tanager ______ yp
    Piranga rubra 

  922. Scarlet Tanager ______ yp
    Piranga olivacea 

  923. Western Tanager ______
    Piranga ludoviciana 

  924. Flame-colored Tanager ______ (has also been called Streak-backed Tanager
    Piranga bidentata 

  925. White-winged Tanager ______
    Piranga l. leucoptera

  926. Red-headed Tanager _____ (MXe)
    Piranga erythrocephala

  927. Rose-throated Tanager ______  yp
    Piranga roseogularis

  928. Red-crowned Ant Tanager ______ yp
    Habia rubica rubicoides

  929. Red-throated Ant-Tanager______ yp
    Habia fuscicauda  

  930. Passerini's Tanager ______  (was part of the Scarlet-rumped Tanager)
    Ramphocelus passerini

  931. Crimson-collared Tanager  ______
    Phlogothraupis s. sanguinolenta

  932. Gray-headed Tanager ______ (MX3)  yp
    Eucometis penicillata pallida

  933. Black-throated Shrike-Tanager______ (MX3)
    Lanio aurantius 

  934. Crimson-collared Tanager______ pt
    Phlogothraupis s. sanguinolenta

  935. Common Bush Tanager______
    Chlorospingus ophthalmicus 
    C. o. wetmorei ______ (MX3)
    (Throughout its extensive range in Central & South America, there are said to be 27 subspecies.)

  936. Western Spindalis ______  (Cozumel Is.)
    Spindalis zena benedicti

  937. Rosy Thrush-Tanager _____
    Rhodinocichla rosea schistacea

  938. Red-legged Honeycreeper ______ yp
    Cyanerpes cyaneus carneipes

  939. Shining Honeycreeper ______ (MX3)
    Cyanerpes l. lucidus

  940. Green Honeycreeper ______  (p. 20)
    Chlorophanes spiza guatemalensis

  941. Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer ______ 
    Diglossa baritula  

  942. Slaty Finch ______ (MX3)
    Haplospiza rustica

  943. Yellow-faced Grassquit______ yp
    Tiaris olivacea 

  944. Variable Seedeater______ 
    Sporophila corvina 
    (formerly S. aurita)

  945. White-collared Seedeater______ yp  (p. 20)
    Sporophila torqueola  

  946. Ruddy-breasted Seedeater______
    Sporophila minuta parva

    A Ruddy-breasted Seedeater photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Z. Gardner)
  947. Blue-black Grassquit ______ yp
    Volatinia jacarina spendens 
    (the single member of its genus)

  948. Lesser Seed Finch ______ pt  (was called "Thick-billed Seed Finch"; considered conspecific with the "Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch"  of South America)
    Oryzoborus angolensis

  949. Blue Seedeater ______ (MX3)  (includes the "Slaty-blue Seedeater", endemic to western Mexico, Amaurospiza concolor relicta)
    Amaurospiza c. concolor

  950. Dickcissel ______  yp
    Spiza americana

  951. Buff-throated Saltator______ yp
    Saltator maximus 

  952. Black-headed Saltator ______ yp
    Saltator atriceps 

  953. "Northern" Grayish Saltator ______ yp
    Saltator coerulescens 

  954. Black-faced Grosbeak ______
    Caryothraustes p. poliogaster

  955. Crimson-collared Grosbeak ______  (MXe)
    Rhodothraupis celaeno

  956. Northern Cardinal ______  yp
    Cardinalis cardinalis

  957. Pyrrhuloxia ______  bc
    Cardinalis sinuatus

  958. Mexican Yellow Grosbeak ______  (was called Northern Yellow-Grosbeak, with the closely-related species in South America called the Southern Yellow-Grosbeak, Pheucticus chrysogaster. The Black-thighed Grosbeak of Central America, Pheucticus tibialis, is also closely related.)
    Pheucticus chrysopeplus  

  959. Rose-breasted Grosbeak ______ yp
    Pheucticus ludovicianus 

  960. Black-headed Grosbeak ______ bc
    Pheucticus melanocephalus

  961. Blue Grosbeak ______ yp
    (formerly Guiraca) caerulea  
  962. Blue-black Grosbeak ______ 
    Cyanocompsa cyanoides concreta

  963. Blue Bunting ______ yp
    Cyanocompsa parellina

  964. Rose-bellied Bunting ______ (MX2) (MXe)
    Passerina rositae

  965. Lazuli Bunting ______
    Passerina amoena

  966. Indigo Bunting______ yp
    Passerina cyanea

  967. Varied Bunting______
    Passerina versicolor 

  968. Orange-breasted Bunting ______  (MXe)
    Passerina lechancherii

  969. Painted Bunting  (nt) ______ yp
    Passerina ciris   

    A female Painted Bunting
    (photo by Howard Eskin)