PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876


Nebraska Birds 
during Focus On Nature Tours 
in the Spring
for Cranes, Grouse
and Other Birds and Nature 

1992 thru 2015

during the months of March & April

List compiled by Armas Hill 

There have been 7 FONT birding & nature tours in Nebraska.

(photographed during a FONT tour)


apr - during tours in April
mar - during tours in March

(USe):     endemic to the United States 
(USqe):   quasi (or nearly) endemic to the United States
(USneb): near-endemic breeder in the United States
(NAi):      species introduced into North America

(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
     (t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally

(ph);  species with a photo in the FONT web-site 


Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in North America

List of Birds during previous FONT tours in Colorado & nearby states, including Nebraska

A Complete List of North American Birds, north of Mexico, in 6 parts:
Part #1: Grouse to Anhinga     Part #2: Condor to Shorebirds     Part #3: Jaegers to Cuckoos
Part #4: Owls to Flycatchers
     Part #5: Shrikes to Pipits     Part #6: Olive Warbler to Buntings

Mammals during FONT Tours in Nebraska

Directory of Photos in this Website


  1. Northern Bobwhite  (nt)  ______  mar
    Colinus v. virginianus

  2. Wild Turkey  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Meleagris gallopavo

  3. Greater Prairie-Chicken  (t3) (USe) (ph)  ______  mar,apr  
    Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus

  4. Sharp-tailed Grouse ______  mar,apr
    Tympanuchus phasianellus columbianus

  5. Common (or Ring-necked) Pheasant (NAi) ______  mar,apr
    Phasianus colchicus

  6. Trumpeter Swan  (ph)  ______  apr
    Cygnus buccinator 

  7. Tundra Swan  ______  mar
    Cygnus c. columbianus 

  8. Greater White-fronted Goose ______  mar
    Anser albifrons frontalis

  9. Snow Goose  (ph)  ______  mar
    (formerly Anser) c. caerulescens  (known as "Lesser Snow Goose")

  10. Ross' Goose ______  mar
    (formerly Anser) rossi  (monotypic)

  11. Canada Goose  ______  mar,apr
    Branta canadensis 

  12. Wood Duck  (ph)  ______  mar
    Aix sponsa

  13. Green-winged Teal  (ph)  ______  mar,apr  (now considered a species distinct from the Eurasian Green-winged Teal, Anas crecca)
    Anas carolinensis 

  14. Mallard  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Anas p. platyrhynchos

  15. Northern Pintail  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Anas acuta 

  16. Blue-winged Teal  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Anas discors 

  17. Cinnamon Teal ______  mar
    Anas cyanoptera septentrionalium

  18. Northern Shoveler ______  mar,apr
    Anas clypeata 

  19. Gadwall  (ph) ______  mar,apr
    Anas s. strepera

  20. American Wigeon  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Anas americana 

  21. Eurasian Wigeon  (ph)  ______  mar
    Anas penelope

  22. Canvasback ______  mar,apr
    Aythya valisineria 

  23. Redhead  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Aythya americana 

  24. Ring-necked Duck  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Aythya collaris 

  25. Lesser Scaup  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Aythya affinis 

  26. Greater Scaup  ______  mar
    Aythya marila neaarctica

  27. Common Goldeneye ______  mar
    Bucephala clangula americana

  28. Bufflehead  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Bucephala albeola 

  29. Common Merganser  (ph)  ______  mar
    Mergus merganser americanus

  30. Red-breasted Merganser  (ph)  ______  mar
    Mergus serrator 

  31. Hooded Merganser  (ph)  ______  mar
    Lophodytes cucullatus 
    (monotypic and the single member of its genus)

  32. Ruddy Duck  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Oxyura jamaicensis rubida

  33. Common Loon  (ph)  ______  mar
    Gavia immer 

  34. Pied-billed Grebe  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Podilymbus p. podiceps

  35. Eared Grebe  (ph)  ______  mar  (also called Black-necked Grebe)
    Podiceps nigricollis californicus

  36. Horned Grebe  (ph)  ______  mar
    Podiceps auritus cornutus

  37. Clark's Grebe ______  apr
    Aechmophorus clarkii transitionalis

  38. Great Blue Heron  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Ardea herodias fannini

  39. American White Pelican  (ph)  ______  mar,apr  
    Pelecanus erythrorhynchos 

  40. Double-crested Cormorant  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Phalacrocorax auritus albociliatus

  41. Turkey Vulture  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Cathartes aura meridionalis
      (has been C. a. aura)

  42. Bald Eagle  (ph)  ______  mar,apr   
    Haliaeetus leucocephalus washingtoniensis

  43. Northern Harrier  (ph)  ______  mar  (has been considered conspecific with the Hen Harrier of Eurasia, Circus cyaneus)
    Circus hudsonius 

  44. Sharp-shinned Hawk  (ph)  ______  mar
    Accipiter striatus velox

  45. Cooper's Hawk  (ph)  ______  apr  
    Accipiter cooperi

  46. Northern Goshawk ______  mar
    Accipiter gentilis atricapillus

  47. Swainson's Hawk  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Buteo swainsoni 

  48. Red-tailed Hawk  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Buteo jamaicensis calurus

  49. Ferruginous Hawk (nt) (ph)  ______  mar  
    Buteo regalis 

  50. Rough-legged Hawk  (ph)  ______  mar
    Buteo lagopus sanctijohannis

  51. American Kestrel  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Falco s. sparverius

  52. Merlin  (ph)  ______  mar
    Falco columbarius richardsoni

  53. Prairie Falcon  (ph)  ______  mar
    Falco mexicanus 

  54. American Coot  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Fulica a. americana

  55. Sandhill Crane  (ph)  ______  mar
    Grus canadensis tabida

  56. Whooping Crane  (t2)  ______  mar
    Grus americana

  57. Killdeer  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Charadrius v. vociferus

  58. American Avocet  (ph) ______  apr
    Recurvirostra americana 

  59. Greater Yellowlegs ______  mar,apr
    Tringa melanoleuca 

  60. Lesser Yellowlegs  (ph)  ______ mar
    Tringa flavipes 

  61. Long-billed Curlew  (nt) (ph)  ______  apr
    Numenius a. americanus 
    (another subspecies can occur in migration)

  62. Least Sandpiper  (ph)  ______  mar
    Calidris minutilla 

  63. Baird's Sandpiper  (ph)  ______  mar
    Calidris bairdii 

  64. Pectoral Sandpiper  (ph)  ______  mar
    Calidris melanotos 

  65. Long-billed Dowitcher ______  mar
    Limnodromus scolopaceus 

  66. Wilson's Snipe  (ph)  ______  mar  (has been considered part of the Common Snipe of the Palearctic, Gallinago gallinago) 
    Gallinago delicata 

  67. Franklin's Gull  (ph)  ______  mar
    Larus pipixcan 

  68. Bonaparte's Gull  (ph)  ______  mar
    Larus philadelphia

  69. "American" Herring Gull ______  mar
    Larus (argentatus) smithsonianus

  70. Forster's Tern  (ph)  ______  apr
    Sterna forsteri 

  71. Feral (or Rock) Pigeon (NAi) ______  mar,apr
    Columba livia

  72. Mourning Dove ______  mar.apr
    Zenaida macroura marginella

  73. Eurasian Collared Dove  (NAi) ______  apr
    Streptopelia decaocto

  74. Great Horned Owl  (ph)  ______  mar  
    Bubo v. virginianus

  75. (Northern) Long-eared Owl  (ph)  ______ mar
    Asio otus wilsonianus

  76. Burrowing Owl  (ph)  ______  apr
    Athene cunicularia hypugaea

  77. Belted Kingfisher  (ph)  ______  mar
    (formerly Ceryle) alcyon  (monotypic)

  78. Red-headed Woodpecker  (nt) (ph)  ______  mar
    Melanerpes erythrocephalus 

  79. Red-bellied Woodpecker  (ph)  ______  mar
    Melanerpes carolinus 

  80. Yellow-bellied Sapsucker  (ph)  ______  mar  
    Sphyrapicus varius 

  81. Downy Woodpecker  (ph)  ______  mar
    Picoides pubescens leucurus

  82. Hairy Woodpecker  (ph)  ______  mar
    Picoides villosus septentrionalis

  83. "Yellow-shafted" Northern Flicker ______  mar,apr
    Colaptes auratus   

  84. Eastern Phoebe ______  mar
    Sayornis phoebe 

  85. Northern Shrike  (ph)  ______  mar
    Lanius excubitor borealis

  86. Loggerhead Shrike  (ph)  ______  mar
    Lanius ludovicianus excubitorides

  87. Blue Jay  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Cyanocitta cristata cyanotephra

  88. Black-billed Magpie  (ph)  ______  mar (was conspecific with the Eurasian Magpie, Pica pica)
    Pica hudsonia

  89. American Crow ______  mar,apr
    Corvus brachyrhynchos hesperis

  90. Northern Raven  (ph)  ______  apr
    Corvus corax principalis

  91. Cedar Waxwing  (ph)  ______  mar
    Bombycilla cedrorum 

  92. Horned Lark  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Eremophila alpestris lamprochroma 
    (other subspecies may occur)

  93. Purple Martin  (ph)  ______  mar
    Progne s. subis

  94. Tree Swallow  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Tachycineta bicolor 

  95. Northern Rough-winged Swallow  (ph)  ______  mar
    Stelgidopteryx s. serripennis

  96. Barn Swallow  (ph)  ______  apr
    Hirundo rustica erythrogaster

  97. Tufted Titmouse ______  mar
    (formerly Parus) iii

  98. Black-capped Chickadee  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    (formerly Parus) atricapilla septentrionalis

  99. Red-breasted Nuthatch  (ph)  ______  mar
    Sitta canadensis 

  100. White-breasted Nuthatch  (ph)  ______  mar
    Sitta carolinensis nelsoni

  101. Brown Creeper  (ph)  ______  mar  (an alternate name would be American Treecreeper)
    Certhia americana montana

  102. Bewick's Wren ______  mar
    Thryomanes bewickii eremophilus

  103. Ruby-crowned Kinglet  (ph)  ______  mar
    Regulus calendula grinnelli

  104. Golden-crowned Kinglet  (ph)  ______  mar
    Regulus satrapa apache

  105. Eastern Bluebird  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Sialia s. sialis

  106. Hermit Thrush  (ph)  ______  mar
    Catharus guttatus auduboni

  107. Varied Thrush  (ph)  ______  mar
    Ixoreus naevius meruloides 
    (the single member of its genus)

  108. American Robin ______  mar,apr
    Turdus migratorius propinquus

  109. European Starling (i) (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Sturnus v. vulgaris

  110. American Pipit  (ph)  ______  mar  (an alternate name is Buff-bellied Pipit)
    Anthus r. rubescens  

  111. "Myrtle" Yellow-rumped Warbler  (ph)  ______  mar
    Dendroica c. coronata 

  112. Northern Cardinal  (ph)  ______  mar
    Cardinalis c. canicaudus

  113. Spotted Towhee  (ph) ______  mar
    Pipilo maculatus montanus

  114. American Tree Sparrow  (ph)  ______  mar
    Spizelloides arborea 
    (formerly Spizella arborea)

  115. Chipping Sparrow  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Spizella p. passerina

  116. Field Sparrow  ______  mar
    Spizella p. pusilla

  117. Vesper Sparrow ______  mar,apr
    Pooecetes gramineus confinis 
    (the single member of its genus)

  118. Savannah Sparrow  (ph)  ______  mar
    Passerculus sandwichensis 
    (2 subspecies in west-central US: P.s.nevadensis & P. s. athinus)  (the single member of its genus)

  119. "Slate-colored" Fox Sparrow ______  mar
    Passerella iliaca schistacea

  120. Song Sparrow  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Melospiza melodia montana 
    (another subspecies:  M. m. juddi)

  121. White-crowned Sparrow  (ph)  ______  mar
    Zonotrichia leucophrys oriantha

  122. Harris' Sparrow  (ph)  ______  mar
    Zonotrichia querula 

  123. "Slate-colored" Dark-eyed Junco  (ph)  ______  mar
    Junco h. hyemalis

  124. Lapland Longspur  (ph)  ______  mar  
    Calcarius lapponicus 

  125. Western Meadowlark ______  mar,apr
    Sturnella neglecta 

  126. Eastern Meadowlark  (ph)  ______  mar
    Sturnella m. magna 

  127. Red-winged Blackbird  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Agelaius phoeniceus fortis

  128. Yellow-headed Blackbird  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  129. Brewer's Blackbird  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    Euphagus cyanocephalus 

  130. Rusty Blackbird  (t3) (ph)  ______  mar
    Euphagus c. carolinus

  131. Great-tailed Grackle  (ph)  ______  mar
    Quiscalus mexicanus nelsoni

  132. Common Grackle ______  mar,apr
    Quiscalus quiscula stonei

  133. Brown-headed Cowbird  (ph)  ______  mar
    Molothrus ater artemisiae

  134. Purple Finch  (ph)  ______  mar  
    (formerly Carpodacus) p. purpureus  

  135. House Finch  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    (formerly Carpodacus) mexicanus frontalis

  136. Pine Siskin  (ph)  ______  mar
    (formerly Carduelis) p. pinus

  137. American Goldfinch  (ph)  ______  mar,apr
    (formerly Carduelis) tristis pallida

  138. House Sparrow (i) ______  mar,apr
    Passer domesticus

found during
Focus On Nature Tours 
in the Spring


(ph):  species with a photo in the FONT web-site

  1. Red Fox  (ph)  ______ 
    Vulpes vulpes fulva 
    (the North American animal is considered conspecific with the Red Fox of the Old World Vulpes v. vulpes)  

  2. Coyote  (ph)  ______ 
    Canis latrans

  3. Striped Skunk  (ph)  ______ 
    Mephitis mephitis

  4. Northern Raccoon  (ph)  ______ 
    Procyon lotor

  5. Black-tailed Prairie Dog ______  
    Cynomys ludovicianus 

  6. Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel  ______
    Spermophilus tridecemlineatus  

  7. Eastern Fox Squirrel  (ph)   ______ 
    Sciurus niger

  8. Eastern Gray Squirrel  (ph)  ______  
    Sciurus carolinensis  

  9. Muskrat  (ph)  ______ 
    Ondatra zibethicus

  10. Eastern Cottontail  (ph)  ______ 
    Sylvilagus floridanus

  11. Pronghorn  (ph)  ______ 
    Antilocapra americana 
    (the single member of its genus & family)

  12. Mule Deer  (ph)  ______ 
    Odocoileus hemionus

  13. White-tailed Deer  (ph)  ______ 
    Odocoileus virginianus