PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876

Website: www.focusonnature.com



and in the nearby states of

from Quails to Woodpeckers

including those during 
Focus On Nature Tours
during April and July
noted with an (*)

1993 thru 2015

PART 1 of a List of Birds in Colorado and Nearby States with some photos,
compiled by Armas Hill 

249 species of birds have cumulatively been seen, along with 8 additional subspecies.
during 11 FONT Colorado birding & nature tours: 9 in April and 2 in July.

Upper right photograph: DUSKY GROUSE 
(photo by Alan Brady) 

Link:   Part 2 of this List of Colorado Birds from Flycatchers to Buntings


CO = Colorado
= Kansas
= Nebraska
= Oklahoma
WY = Wyoming

apr:  during tours in April (usually 3rd week)
jul:   during tours in July  (1st week)

(USe):     endemic to the USA 
(USqe):   quasi (or nearly) endemic to the USA
(USneb): near-endemic breeder in the USA
(NAi):      species introduced into North America

(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
(t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally

(ph):  species with a photo in the FONT web-site


Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Colorado & adjacent states

A Complete List with some Photos of North American Birds, in 6 parts:
Part #1: Grouse to Anhinga     Part #2: Condor to Shorebirds     Part #3: Jaegers to Cuckoos  
Part #4: Owls to Flycatchers     Part #5: Shrikes to Pipits     Part #6: Olive Warbler to Buntings

Nebraska Birds

Mammals during FONT tours in Colorado & nearby states  (with some photos) 

Directory of Photos in this Website


  1. Scaled Quail ______ apr  CO  OK
    Callipepla squamata

  2. Northern Bobwhite  (nt) (ph)  ______  apr  CO  KS
    Colinus virginianus

  3. Dusky Grouse  (ph)  ______  apr  CO   (was called the Blue Grouse, until the more-westerly Sooty Grouse was recently split from it) 
    Dendragapus obscurus richardsonii 

    Now the Dusky Grouse, it was called the Blue Grouse 
    when this photo was taken during a FONT tour in Colorado.
    (photo by Alan Brady)
  4. White-tailed Ptarmigan  (ph)  ______  apr  CO  
    Lagopus leucurus altipetens

    White-tailed Ptarmigan photographed during a FONT tour in Colorado
  5. Greater Sage Grouse (nt) (USqe) (ph) ______  apr  CO
    Centrocercus urophasianus

    A displaying male Greater Sage Grouse in the very early morning light,
    photographed during the FONT tour in Colorado in April 2009.  

  6. Gunnison Sage Grouse (t2) (USe) ______  apr  CO  (nearly endemic to Colorado, with a very few in adjacent Utah - see note following list) 
    Centrocercus minimus

  7. Greater Prairie Chicken (nt) (USe) (ph)  ______  apr  CO  NE   (note follows list)
    Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus

    A Greater Prairie Chicken photographed during a FONT tour in Colorado
  8. Lesser Prairie Chicken (t3) (USe) (ph)  ______  apr  CO  KS  (note follows list)
    Tympanuchus pallidcinctus 

    A Lesser Prairie Chicken photographed during a FONT tour in Kansas

  9. Sharp-tailed Grouse ______  apr  CO  NE  (note follows list)
    Tympanuchus phasianellus columbianus

  10. Wild Turkey  (ph)  ______  apr  CO  KS  NE  OK    (introduced population)
    Meleagris gallopavo

    Wild Turkeys
    (photo by James Scheib)
  11. Chukar (NAi) ______ apr  CO
    Alectoris chukar

  12. Common Pheasant (NAi) ______  apr jul  CO  KS  NE  OK
    Phasianus colchicus

  13. Trumpeter Swan  ______  apr  NE
    Cygnus buccinator

  14. Mute Swan (i) (ph)  ______  apr  CO
    Cygnus olor

  15. Greater White-fronted Goose ______  apr  CO
    Anser albifrons frontalis

  16. Snow Goose  (ph)  ______ apr  CO  KS
    (formerly Anser) c. caerulescens  (known as (known as "Lesser Snow Goose"

  17. Ross' Goose ______  apr  CO
    (formerly Anser) rossi

  18. Canada Goose  ______  apr jul  CO  KS  NE  OK  WY  (in late-spring & summer, introduced subspecies of eastern North America)
    Branta canadensis 

  19. Wood Duck  (ph)  ______  apr jul  CO  KS
    Aix sponsa

  20. Mallard  (ph)  ______ apr jul  CO  KS  NE  OK  WY
    Anas p. platyrhynchos

  21. Northern Pintail  (ph)  ______ apr jul  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Anas acuta

  22. Blue-winged Teal  (ph)  ______  apr,jul  CO  KS  NE  OK WY
    Anas discors

  23. Cinnamon Teal ______ apr jul  CO WY
    Anas cyanoptera septentrionalium

  24. Green-winged Teal  (ph)  ______ apr jul  CO  KS  NE  WY  (was considered conspecific with the Eurasian Teal, Anas crecca)
    Anas carolinensis

  25. Northern Shoveler  (ph)  ______ apr jul  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Anas clypeata

  26. Gadwall  (ph)  ______ apr jul  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Anas strepera

  27. American Wigeon  (ph)  ______ apr jul  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Anas americana

  28. Canvasback ______ apr jul  CO  NE WY
    Aythya valisineria

  29. Redhead  (ph)  ______ apr jul  CO  NE WY
    Aythya americana

  30. Ring-necked Duck  (ph)  ______ apr jul  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Aythya collaris

  31. Lesser Scaup  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Aythya affinis

  32. Common Goldeneye ______ APR  CO  WY
    Bucephala clangula

  33. Barrow's Goldeneye ______ APR  CO
    Bucephala islandica

  34. Bufflehead  (ph)  ______ APR  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Bucephala albeola

  35. Common Merganser  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  WY
    Mergus merganser americanus

  36. Red-breasted Merganser  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Mergus serrator

  37. Ruddy Duck  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Oxyura j. rubida  

    A female Ruddy Duck
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  38. Common Loon ______ APR  WY
    Gavia immer

  39. Pied-billed Grebe  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  NE  WY
    Podilymbus p. podiceps

  40. Eared Grebe  (ph) ______ APR JUL  CO  WY  (also called Black-necked Grebe)
    Podiceps nigricollis californicus

  41. Western Grebe  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  WY
    Aechmophorus o. occidentalis

    Western Grebe

  42. Clark's Grebe ______ APR JUL  CO  NE  WY
    Aechmophorus clarkii 

  43. White-faced Ibis  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  WY
    Plegadis chihi

    White-faced Ibis
  44. Great Blue Heron  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Ardea herodias 

  45. Great Egret  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO
    Ardea alba

  46. Snowy Egret  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  WY
    Egretta thula

  47. Cattle Egret  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS
    Bubulcus ibis

  48. Green Heron ______ APR  KS
    Butorides virescens

  49. Black-crowned Night-Heron ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  WY
    Nycticorax nycticorax

  50. American White Pelican  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  NE WY
    Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

    An American White Pelican photographed during a FONT tour 
    in Wyoming, near Colorado.
    The noticeable knob on the bill is a feature of the bird 
    in breeding plumage.

  51. Double-crested Cormorant  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO KS  NE  WY
    Phalacrocorax auritus

  52. Turkey Vulture  (ph) ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Cathartes aura meridionalis

  53. Osprey  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Pandion haliaetus carolinensis

    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  54. Bald Eagle  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  NE  WY  
    Haliaeetus leucocephalus 

  55. Northern Harrier  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  WY    (considered conspecific with the Hen Harrier of Eurasia, Circus cyaneus)
    Circus cyaneus hudsonius

    A female Northern Harrier
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  56. Sharp-shinned Hawk  (ph)  ______ APR  CO  KS
    Accipiter striatus velox

    Sharp-shinned Hawk
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  57. Cooper's Hawk  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Accipiter cooperi 

    Cooper's Hawk
  58. Northern Goshawk ______ APR JUL  CO
    Accipiter gentilis atricapillus

  59. Broad-winged Hawk ______ APR CO(rare)
    Buteo p. platypterus

  60. Swainson's Hawk  (ph) ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  OK  WY
    Buteo swainsoni 

    Swainson's Hawk
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  61. Red-tailed Hawk  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  OK  WY
    Buteo jamaicensis calurus

  62. "Harlan's Hawk" ______ APR  CO  WY   (a subspecies of the Red-tailed Hawk)
    Buteo jamaicensis harlani

  63. Ferruginous Hawk (nt) (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  OK
    Buteo regalis

    A Ferruginous Hawk photographed during a FONT tour 
    in Kansas, near Colorado

  64. Rough-legged Hawk  (ph)  ______ APR  CO  WY
    Buteo lagopus sanctijohannis

  65. Golden Eagle ______ APR JUL  CO  OK  WY
    Aquila chrysaetos canadensis

  66. American Kestrel  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  OK  WY
    Falco s. sparverius

  67. Merlin  (ph)  ______ APR  CO  WY
    Falco columbarius richardsoni

  68. Prairie Falcon  (ph)  ______ APR JUL CO  KS
    Falco mexicanus

  69. Peregrine Falcon  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Falco peregrinus anatum 

  70. Virginia Rail  (ph)  ______ JUL  CO
    Rallus limicola 

  71. Sora ______ JUL  CO
    Porzana carolina

  72. American Coot  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Fulica americana

  73. Sandhill Crane  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Grus canadensis tabida

  74. Semipalmated Plover  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Charadrius semipalmatus

  75. Piping Plover (t3) (ph)  ______  APR  CO
    Charadrius melodus 

    The Piping Plover is an inland rarity in Colorado. 
    It was seen there during the 2005 FONT tour in the
    same vicinity as Snowy Plovers.
    Above, an adult & chick.    
    Nearby, that same day, but in a different habitat,
    we also saw the Mountain Plover. 

  76. Snowy Plover  (ph)  ______ APR  CO  (no longer considered conspecific with the Kentish Plover of the Old World) 
    Charadrius nivosus 


    Snowy Plover
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  77. Killdeer  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  OK  WY
    Charadrius vociferus

  78. Mountain Plover (t3) (USneb) (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS   
    Charadrius montanus

    A Mountain Plover photographed during a FONT tour

  79. Black-necked Stilt  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Himantopus mexicanus

  80. American Avocet  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  WY  
    Recurvirostra americana

  81. Greater Yellowlegs ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  OK  WY
    Tringa melanoleuca

  82. Lesser Yellowlegs  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS
    Tringa flavipes

  83. Solitary Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ APR  CO  KS
    Tringa solitaria

  84. Spotted Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS
    Actitis macularia 

  85. Willet  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO
    Catoptrophorus semipalmatus inornatus

  86. Long-billed Curlew (nt) (ph)  ______ APR  CO  NE  KS
    Numenius americanus

    Long-billed Curlew
    (photo by Abram Fleishman)

  87. Marbled Godwit  (ph)  ______ APR  CO  WY
    Limosa fedoa

  88. Semipalmated Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Calidris pusilla

  89. Western Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Calidris mauri

  90. Least Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Calidris minutilla

  91. Baird's Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS
    Calidris bairdii

  92. Pectoral Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Calidris melanotos

  93. Dunlin  (ph)  ______  APR  CO
    Calidris alpina

  94. Long-billed Dowitcher ______ APR  CO
    Limnodromus scolopaceus

  95. Wilson's Snipe  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  WY  (was considered conspecific with the Common Snipe of the Palearctic, Gallinago gallinago) 
    Gallinago delicata

  96. Wilson's Phalarope ______ APR JUL  CO  KS
    Phalaropus tricolor

  97. Franklin's Gull  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  WY
    Larus pipixcan

  98. Bonaparte's Gull  (ph)  ______ APR  CO  KS  WY
    Larus philadelphia

  99. Ring-billed Gull  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  WY
    Larus delawarensis

  100. California Gull  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  WY
    Larus californicus

  101. "American" Herring Gull ______ APR  CO  WY
    Larus argentatus smithsonianus

  102. Caspian Tern  (ph)  ______ JUL  CO
    (formerly Sterna) caspia

  103. Forster's Tern  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  NE
    Sterna forsteri

  104. Black Tern  (ph)  ______ JUL  coCO
    Chlidonias niger

  105. Feral Pigeon (i) ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Columba livia

  106. Band-tailed Pigeon  (ph)  ______ JUL  CO
    (formerly Columba) fasciata

  107. Mourning Dove ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  OK  WY
    Zenaida macroura

  108. Eurasian Collared Dove (NAi) ______ APR  CO  KS  NE  OK
    Streptopelia decaocto

  109. Great Horned Owl  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS
    Bubo v. virginianus

    A young Great Horned Owl leaving the nest.
    During FONT tours in April in eastern Colorado & western Kansas,
    Great Horned Owls are often seen either on their nests or about to leave. 

  110. Burrowing Owl  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  NE  OK  
    Athene cunicularia hypugaea

  111. Common Nighthawk ______ APR JUL  CO
    Chordeiles minor

  112. Common Poorwill ______ JUL  CO
    Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

  113. American Black Swift ______ JUL  CO
    Cypseloides niger

  114. White-throated Swift ______ APR JUL  CO 
    Aeronautes saxatalis

  115. Black-chinned Hummingbird  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO
    Archilochus alexandri

  116. Broad-tailed Hummingbird  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO
    Selasphorus platycercus

    A Broad-tailed Hummingbird photographed during a FONT tour.
  117. Belted Kingfisher  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO KS NE WY
    Megaceryle (formerly Ceryle) alcyon

  118. Lewis' Woodpecker ______ APR JUL  CO
    Melanerpes lewis

  119. Red-bellied Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Melanerpes carolinus

    The Red-bellied Woodpecker reaches the far western edge of its range
    in far eastern Colorado.
    (photo by Howard Eskin) 

  120. Red-naped Sapsucker  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO WY
    Sphyrapicus nuchalis

    A Red-naped Sapsucker photographed during a FONT tour
    in Colorado in April

  121. Williamson's Sapsucker ______ APR JUL  CO
    Sphyrapicus thyroideus nataliae

  122. Ladder-backed Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ APR  CO
    Picoides scalaris cactophilus

  123. Downy Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  KS  WY
    Picoides pubescens leucurus

  124. Hairy Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ APR JUL  CO  WY
    Picoides villosus septentrionalis

  125. Northern Flicker ______ APR JUL (both "Yellow-shafted" & "Red-shafted")  CO  KS  NE  WY
    Colaptes auratus auratus 
    ("Yellow-shafted"CO  KS  NE
    Colaptes auratus cafer 
    "Red-shafted") CO  WY  


The Gunnison Sage Grouse is a newly-described species of the USA heartland. It is very localized with a range restricted to southwest Colorado and southeast Utah. It's thought to have formerly been more widespread (possibly in New Mexico, eastern Arizona, southwest Kansas, and Oklahoma).
Now the bird occurs in 6 or 7 counties of southwest Colorado and a single county in adjacent southeast Utah. The entire population is estimated at being less than 5,000 birds, with most (2,500-3,000) in the Gunnison Basin (of Colorado). Elsewhere populations number less than 300, with fewer than 150 in Utah.
It has disappeared from several population pockets since 1980, with an overall decline of over 60% in males attending breeding leks in the Gunnison Basin in the last 50 years.

Formerly considered a subspecies of the more-northerly Greater Sage Grouse, the Gunnison Sage Grouse of both sexes have  plumages similar to that species, but are about 30% smaller. 

There are 3 species in the "Prairie Chicken Group": the Greater Prairie Chicken, the Lesser Prairie Chicken, and the Sharp-tailed Grouse.  

There have historically been 3 subspecies of Greater Prairie Chickens

In the eastern United States, the subspecies T.c. cupido, called the "Heath Hen", occurred formerly in bushy habitat from Boston south to Washington. It was extirpated on the mainland about 1835. It continued to survive beyond that on the Massachusetts offshore island of Martha's Vineyard until it was last reported there in 1932. At that time, the eastern race of the Greater Prairie Chicken became extinct.

Another race of the species, in coastal Texas, is now very rare. T.c. attwateri, the "Attwater's Prairie Chicken" has declined in 30 years from 8,700 individuals in 1937 to 1,070 in 1967. After another 30 years, in 1998, only 56 individuals remained in 3 isolated populations. Even with released captive-reared birds, that subspecies is severely threatened.

The most wide-ranging of the Greater Prairie Chicken subspecies (and the one occurring in eastern Colorado), T. c. pinnatus, has declined over much of its range. The population in the late 1970's was estimated as 500,000. Due to its being in small isolated populations, the species overall is at considerable risk.

Greater Prairie Chickens at their lek at dawn.

The Lesser Prairie Chicken has declined substantially since the European settlement of the Great Plains. That decline is thought to be over 90% since the 19th Century, and nearly 80% since the early 1960's. 
In 1980, Lesser Prairie Chickens occupied only 8% of their original range (which was historically throughout the southwest Great Plains, in southeast Colorado, southwest Kansas, western Oklahoma, northern Texas, and eastern New Mexico). Now, it is only in small, scattered populations.
The population estimate was about 50,000 birds in about 1980 (from 42,000 to 55,000 in 1979). 20 years later, in 1999, the population was estimated as 10,000 to 25,000, mostly in northwest Texas and Kansas.      

There are 5 subspecies of Sharp-tailed Grouse. It now occurs in less than half of its original range in 9 U.S. states. It is now extinct in 8 U.S. states where it formerly occurred. In the northern part of its range (in Canada), it is fairly common. 

A good source for information (such as that above) about the grouse is the book: "Pheasants, Partridges, and Grouse" by Steve Madge and Phil McGowan, 
published in 2002 by Princeton Univ Press.  

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