PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-800-721-9986
 or 302/529-1876; Fax: 302/529-1085

Birds and Other Wildlife 
during the Focus On Nature 
North Carolina Tour 
in the Spring of 2009 

List compiled by Armas Hill, leader of the tour 

Photo at right: Painted Bunting,
one of our favorites during the tour 
(this photograph by Clair de Beauvior) 

Dates & Codes:

May 28-31,
(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
(t1): critical     (t2): endangered     (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally
(i): introduced species


Cumulative List of Birds during FONT North Carolina Tours

North American Mammals

A list of Mammals & Other Wildlife during our May '09 tour in North Carolina follows the bird-list.                                  

North Carolina Mammals (Land & Sea) 

North Carolina Butterflies, Dragonflies, & Damselflies

North Carolina Amphibians & Reptiles

An Essay about Carolina Birds 

Upcoming FONT North American Birding & Nature Tours


  1. Brown Pelican ______
    Pelecanus occidentalis carolinensis

  2. Double-crested Cormorant ______ 
    Phalacrocorax a. auritus
    (another subspecies in the southeast US: P. a. floridanus

  3. Great Blue Heron ______
    Ardea h. herodias 

  4. Great Egret ______
    (formerly Casmerodius or Egretta) alba egretta

  5. Snowy Egret ______ 
    (formerly Leucophoyx) t. thula

  6. Little Blue Heron ______
    (formerly Florida) caerulea  (now monotypic)

  7. Tricolored Heron ______ 
    (formerly Hydranassa) tricolor ruficollis

  8. Cattle Egret ______
    Bubulcus i. ibis

  9. Green Heron ______ (was for a time considered conspecific with the nearly-cosmopolitan Striated Heron, and was then called Green-backed Heron)
    Butorides v. virescens

  10. American White Ibis ______
    Eudocimus albus

    American White Ibis
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  11. Canada Goose ______
    Branta c. canadensis 

  12. Mallard ______ 
    Anas p. platyrhynchos

  13. Turkey Vulture ______
    Cathartes aura septentrionalis

  14. Black Vulture ______
    Coragyps atratus 
    (now said to be monotypic) (the single member of its genus)

  15. Mississippi Kite ______ 
    Ictinia mississippiensis 

  16. Osprey ______
    Pandion haliaetus carolinensis 
    (the single member of its genus)

    (photo by Howard Eskin)
  17. Bald Eagle ______
    Haliaeetus leucocephalus

  18. Red-tailed Hawk ______
    Buteo jamaicensis borealis

    Red-tailed Hawk
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  19. American Kestrel ______
    Falco s. sparverius

  20. Northern Bobwhite ______
    Colinus v. virginianus

  21. Clapper Rail ______
    Rallus longirostris
    (2 subspecies in North Carolina: R. l. crepitans in northeast North Caroliona  & R. l. waynei in southeast North Carolina) 

  22. American Oystercatcher ______
    Haematopus p. palliatus

  23. Wilson's Plover ______
    Charadrius w. wilsonia 

  24. Killdeer ______
    Charadrius v. vociferus

  25. Willet ______
    Tringa (formerly Catoptrophorus) s. semipalmatus

    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  26. Ruddy Turnstone ______ 
    Arenaria interpres morinella

  27. Red Knot ______
    Calidris canutus rufa 

    Red Knot
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  28. Sanderling  ______ 
    Calidris alba rubida

  29. Semipalmated Sandpiper  ______ 
    Calidris pusilla 

  30. Dunlin ______
    Calidris alpina hudsonia

    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  31. Laughing Gull  ______ 
    Larus atricilla megalopterus

  32. "American" Herring Gull  ______ 
    Larus argentatus smithsonianus 

  33. Great Black-backed Gull ______
    Larus marinus 

  34. Royal Tern  ______ 
    (formerly Sterna) m. maxima

  35. Sandwich Tern  ______ 
    (formerly Sterna) sandvicensis acuflavida

  36. Common Tern  ______ 
    Sterna h. hirundo

  37. Forster's Tern ______
    Sterna forsteri 

  38. Least Tern ______ 
    (formerly Sterna) a. antillarum

  39. Black Skimmer ______ 
    Rynchops n. niger

  40. Feral Pigeon (i) ______ 
    Columba livia

  41. Mourning Dove ______
    Zenaida macroura carolinensis

  42. Yellow-billed Cuckoo ______ 
    Coccyzus americanus 

  43. Great Horned Owl ______
    Bubo v. virginianus 

  44. Chuck-Will's-Widow ______   
    Caprimulgus carolinensis 

  45. Chimney Swift ______
    Chaetura pelagica 

  46. Ruby-throated Hummingbird ______
    Archilochus colubris 

    A male Ruby-throated Hummingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)
  47. Belted Kingfisher ______
    (formerly Ceryle) alcyon  (monotypic)

    Belted Kingfisher
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  48. "Yellow-shafted" Northern Flicker ______
    Colaptes auratus luteus

  49. Red-bellied Woodpecker ______
    Melanerpes carolinus 

    Red-bellied Woodpecker
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  50. Red-headed Woodpecker ______ 
    Melanerpes erythrocephalus 

  51. Downy Woodpecker ______
    Picoides p. pubescens 

  52. Red-cockaded Woodpecker (t3)  (USe) ______
    Picoides borealis

  53. Pileated Woodpecker ______   
    Dryocopus p. pileatus

  54. Eastern Kingbird ______
    Tyrannus tyrannus 

    Eastern Kingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  55. Great Crested Flycatcher ______
    Myiarchus crinitus 

  56. Acadian Flycatcher ______
    Empidonax virescens 

  57. Eastern Wood Pewee ______ 
    Contopus virens 

  58. Loggerhead Shrike ______
    Lanius ludovicianus

  59. White-eyed Vireo ______
    Vireo g. griseus

    White-eyed Vireo
    (photo by Dick Tipton)

  60. Blue Jay ______
    Cyanocitta c. cristata

  61. American Crow ______
    Corvus b. brachyrhynchos

  62. Fish Crow  (USe) ______ 
    Corvus ossifragus 

  63. Carolina Chickadee  (USe) ______ 
    Poecile (formerly Parus) c. carolinensis

    Carolina Chickadee
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  64. Tufted Titmouse ______
    Baeolophus (formerly Parus) bicolor 

  65. White-breasted Nuthatch ______
    Sitta c. carolinensis

    White-breasted Nuthatch
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  66. Brown-headed Nuthatch ______  
    Sitta p. pusilla 
    (this subspecies endemic to the southeast US; the other is in the Bahamas)

  67. Purple Martin ______
    Progne s. subis

  68. Barn Swallow ______ 
    Hirundo rustica erythrogaster

  69. American Cliff Swallow ______
    Petrochelidon pyrrhonota 

  70. Northern Rough-winged Swallow ______
    Stelgidopterys s. serripennis

  71. Carolina Wren ______
    Thryothorus l. ludovicianus

    Carolina Wren
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  72. Northern Mockingbird ______  
    Mimus p. polyglottos

    Northern Mockingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)
  73. Brown Thrasher ______
    Toxostoma r. rufum

  74. American Robin ______ 
    Turdus m. migratorius

  75. Wood Thrush ______
    Hylocichla mustelina 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  76. Eastern Bluebird ______
    Sialia s. sialis

    Eastern Bluebird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  77. Blue-gray Gnatcatcher ______
    Polioptila c. caerulea 

  78. European Starling (i) ______
    Sturnus v. vulgaris 

  79. House Sparrow (i) ______
    Passer d. domesticus

  80. House Finch (i) ______
    Carpodacus mexicanus frontalis

  81. American Goldfinch ______ 
    Carduelis t. tristis

  82. Northern Parula ______
    Parula americana 

  83. Yellow-throated Warbler ______   
    Dendroica dominica  
    (3 subspecies in the eastern US)

  84. Pine Warbler ______
    Dendroica p. pinus

    Pine Warbler
    (photo by Andy Smith)

  85. Prairie Warbler ______ ("Scrub Warbler" might be a better name! But Alexander Wilson did not name the bird after the western prairies or grassy plains, but rather after "the barrens of southwestern Kentucky" where he found the bird, an area known to local residents as "prairie country")
    Dendroica discolor 
    (2 subspecies in the southeast US: D. d. discolor & D. d. paludicola)  

    Prairie Warbler
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  86. Prothonotary Warbler ______
    Protonotaria citrea 
    (monotypic, and the single species of its genus)

  87. Swainson's Warbler ______
    Limnothlypis swainsonii 
    (monotypic, and the single species of its genus)

  88. Worm-eating Warbler ______
    Helmitheros vermivorum 
    (monotypic, and the single species of its genus)

  89. Ovenbird ______
    Seiurus a. aurocapilla

  90. Kentucky Warbler ______ 
    Oporornis formosus 

  91. Common Yellowthroat ______ 
    Geothlypis t. trichas  
    (another subspecies occurs in the southeast US, G. trichas ignota)

  92. Eastern Meadowlark ______
    Sturnella magna argutula

  93. Red-winged Blackbird ______ 
    Agelaius p. phoeniceus

    Red-winged Blackbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)
  94. Orchard Oriole ______
    Icterus s. spurius 

  95. Boat-tailed Grackle  (USe) ______
    Quiscalus major torreyi

  96. Common Grackle ______
    Quiscalus quiscula

  97. Brown-headed Cowbird ______
    Molothrus a. ater

  98. Summer Tanager ______
    Piranga r. rubra 

  99. Bachman's Sparrow  (USe) ______ (the "Pine-Woods Sparrow")
    Aimophila aestivalis bachmani

  100. Seaside Sparrow ______
    Ammodramus maritimus macgillivrayi

  101. Chipping Sparrow ______ 
    Spizella p. passerina

  102. Song Sparrow ______
    Melospiza melodia atlantica 

  103. Eastern (formerly Rufous-sided) Towhee ______
    Pipilo erythrophthalmus rileyi

    A male Eastern Towhee
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  104. Northern Cardinal ______
    Cardinalis c. cardinalis

  105. Blue Grosbeak ______
    Passerina c. caerulea

    Blue Grosbeak
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  106. Indigo Bunting ______
    Passerina cyanea 

  107. Painted Bunting ______  
    Passerina c. ciris

    Mammals and some Other Nature 
    North Carolina  
    during the FONT tour in  May 2009


    1.  Eastern Cottontail
        Sylvilagus floridanus

    2.  Muskrat
        Ondata zibeicus

    3.  Eastern Gray Squirrel
        Sciurus carolinensis

    4.  Eastern Fox Squirrel
        Sciurus niger

    5.  Northern Raccoon
        Procyon lotor

    6.  White-tailed Deer
        Odocoileus virginianus

    Amphibians & Reptiles

     7.  Eastern Musk Turtle
          Sternotherus odoratus

     8.  Eastern Box Turtle
          Terrapone carolina

     9. Carolina Anole
          Anolis carolinensis

    10,  Eastern Fence Lizard
           Scelopus undulatus

    11. Cottonmouth
          Agkistrodon piscivorus 


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