PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-8
 or 302/529-1876

Washington State Birds 

during Focus On Nature Tours  

1991 thru 2015

during our West Coast USA Tours 
 in the month of September

This List of Birds in Washington State 
compiled by Armas Hill, 
with some photos


255 species of birds have cumulatively been seen 
during 13 FONT West Coast birding & nature tours in Washington State


(USe):     endemic to the United States
(USqe):   quasi (or nearly) endemic to the USA
(USneb): near-endemic breeder in the USA
(NAi):      species introduced into North America

(NAr):    rare in North America
(wNAr): rare in western North America
(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
      (t1): critical     (t2): endangered     (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally

(i):  introduced species in Washington State  

(P):  seen during offshore pelagic trips 

(ph):  species with a photo in the FONT website

Birds whose names are capitalized in the list are uncommon or rare along the West Coast.  


Upcoming Birding & Nature Tours in North America, including Washington State

A Complete List (with some photos) of North American Birds, north of Mexico, in 6 parts:
Part #1: Grouse to Anhinga     Part #2: Condor to Shorebirds     Part #3: Jaegers to Cuckoos
Part #4: Owls to Flycatchers
     Part #5: Shrikes to Pipits     Part #6: Olive Warbler to Buntings

Mammals during FONT West Coast USA Tours

Marine Life  (inc. Fish, Jellyfish, Mollusks (Shells), & Arthropods: Crustaceans & Echinoderms)

Directory of Photos in this Website


  1. California Quail _____ 
    Callipepla californica brunnescens

  2. Gray Partridge (i) _____ 
    Perdix perdix

  3. Chukar (i) _____ 
    Alectoris chukar

  4. Ruffed Grouse  (ph)  _____ 
    Bonasa umbellus

  5. Sooty Grouse _____ 
    Dendragapus obscur

    The Sooty Grouse occurs in western Washington and on the east slope of the Cascade Mountains in central Washington.
    The Dusky Grouse occurs further east in Washington.

  6. Common Pheasant (i) _____ 
    Phasianus colchicus

  7. Mute Swan (i) (ph)  _____ 
    Cygnus olor

  8. Brant  (ph)  _____ 
    Branta bernicla nigricans

  9. Canada Goose _____ 
    Branta canadensis

  10. Greater White-fronted Goose _____ 
    Anser albifrons

  11. Wood Duck  (ph)  _____ 
    Aix sponsa

  12. Mallard  (ph)  _____ 
    Anas platyrhynchos

  13. Northern Pintail  (ph)  _____ 
    Anas acuta

  14. Blue-winged Teal  (ph)  _____ 
    Anas discors

  15. Cinnamon Teal _____ 
    Anas cyanoptera septentrionalium

  16. Green-winged Teal  (ph)  _____   
    Anas carolinensis

    Anas carolinensis has been considered conspecific with Anas crecca, the Eurasian Teal.

  17. Northern Shoveler  (ph)  _____ 
    Anas clypeata

  18. Gadwall  (ph)  _____ 
    Anas strepera

  19. American Wigeon  (ph)  _____ 
    Anas americana

  20. Redhead  (ph)  _____   
    Aythya americana

  21. Ring-necked Duck  (ph)  _____ 
    Aythya collaris

  22. Greater Scaup  (ph)  _____ 
    Aythya marila mariloides

  23. Lesser Scaup  (ph)  _____ 
    Aythya affinis

  24. Harlequin Duck  (ph)  _____   
    Histrionicus histrionicus

    Harlequin Duck
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  25. Black Scoter  (ph)  _____    
    Melanitta americana

    The Black Scoter is now said to a species distinct from the Common Scoter of Eurasia, Melanitta nigra. 

    A male Surf Scoter with Black Scoters
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  26. Surf Scoter  (ph)  _____ 
    Melanitta perspicillata

  27. White-winged Scoter _____   
    Melanitta deglandi

    The White-winged Scoter is now considered a species distinct from the Velvet Scoter of Europe and western Asia, Melanitta fusca.  
    Birds of eastern Asia, Melanitta stejnegeri, are also now distinct and called the Asian White-winged Scoter.    

  28. Common Goldeneye _____ 
    Bucephala clangula (americana)

  29. Barrow's Goldeneye  (ph)  _____ 
    Bucephala islandica

  30. Bufflehead  (ph)  _____   
    Bucephala albeola

  31. Hooded Merganser  (ph)  _____   
    Lophodytes cucullatus

    Hooded Merganser
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  32. Common Merganser  (ph)  _____   
    Mergus merganser americanus

  33. Red-breasted Merganser  (ph)  _____ 
    Mergus serrator

  34. Ruddy Duck  (ph)  _____   
    Oxyura j. jamaicensis

  35. Red-throated Loon  (ph)  _____    
    Gavia stellata

  36. Pacific Loon  (ph)  _____   
    Gavia pacifica

  37. Common Loon  (ph)  _____  
    Gavia immer

  38. Pied-billed Grebe  (ph)  _____ 
    Podilymbus p. podiceps

  39. Horned Grebe  (ph)  _____   
    Podiceps auritus cornutus

  40. Red-necked Grebe  (ph)  _____ 
    Podiceps grisegena holboellii

  41. Eared Grebe  (ph)  _____    
    Podiceps nigricollis californicus

    Another name for Podiceps nigricollis californicus is the Black-necked Grebe. 

  42. Western Grebe  (ph)  _____ 
    Aechmophorus occidentalis

  43. Clark's Grebe _____   
    Aechmophorus clarkii

    At one time, the Clark's Grebe was considered conspecific with the Western Grebe (above).   

  44. Black-footed Albatross  (t3) (P) _____ 
    Phoebastria nigripes

  45. LAYSAN ALBATROSS  (nt) (P) (ph) _____ 
    Phoebastria immutabilis

  46. Northern Fulmar  (P) (ph)  _____   
    Fulmarus glacialis rodgersii

  47. Sooty Shearwater  (nt) (P) (ph)  _____ 
    Puffinus griseus

  48. Short-tailed Shearwater  (P) (ph)  _____ 
    Puffinus tenuirostris

  49. Pink-footed Shearwater  (t3) (P) (ph)  _____ 
    Puffinus creatopus

  50. Flesh-footed Shearwater  (P)  _____ 
    Puffinus carneipes

  51. Buller's Shearwater (t3) (P)  _____ 
    Puffinus bulleri

  52. Fork-tailed Storm Petrel  (P) _____ 
    Oceanodroma furcata

    Another name for Oceanodroma furcata has been Gray Storm Petrel.

  53. Leach's Storm Petrel  (P) _____ 
    Oceanodroma leucorhoa 

  54. Great Blue Heron  (ph)  _____ 
    Ardea herodias fannini

  55. Great Egret  (ph)  _____ 
    Ardea alba egretta

  56. Green Heron  (ph)  _____ 
    Butorides virescens anthonyi

  57. Black-crowned Night Heron  (ph)  _____   
    Nycticorax nycticorax hoactli

  58. American White Pelican  (ph)  _____   
    Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

  59. Brown Pelican  (ph)  _____ 
    Pelecanus occidentalis californicus

  60. Double-crested Cormorant  (ph)  _____ 
    Phalacrocorax auritus albociliatus

  61. Brandt's Cormorant _____ 
    Phalacrocorax penicillatus

  62. Pelagic Cormorant  (or Pelagic Shag) _____ 
    Phalacrocorax pelagicus resplendens

  63. Turkey Vulture  (ph)  _____ 
    Cathartes a. aura

  64. Osprey  (ph)  _____ 
    Pandion haliaetus carolinensis

  65. Bald Eagle  (ph)  _____   
    Haliaeetus leucocephalus

    Bald Eagles
    (upper photo by Kim Steininger; lower photo by Ed Kendell)

  66. Northern Harrier  (ph)  _____  
    (cyaneus) hudsonius

    The Northern Harrier of North America has been considered conspecific with the Hen Harrier of Eursaia, Circus cyaneus.

    Northern Harriers
    Two photographs - a female above, and a male below.
    (photos by Kim Steininger)

  67. Sharp-shinned Hawk  (ph)  _____   
    Accipiter striatus velox

  68. Cooper's Hawk  (ph)  _____   
    Accipiter cooperi

  69. Northern Goshawk _____ 
    Accipiter gentilis

  70. Red-tailed Hawk  (ph) _____ 
    Buteo jamaicensis alascensis 

  71. Swainson's Hawk  (ph)  _____   
    Buteo swainsoni

    The Swainson's Hawk occurs in 2 morphs: light and dark.   

  72. Ferruginous Hawk  (nt) (ph)  _____ 
    Buteo regalis

    The Ferruginous Hawk was seen in Washington State during a FONT tour in 2001.  

  73. Golden Eagle _____ 
    Aquila chrysaetos canadensis

  74. American Kestrel  (ph)  _____   
    Falco s. sparverius

  75. Merlin  (ph)  _____   
    Falco c. columbarius
    Falco columbarius suckleyi 
      the darkest subspecies or race, the "Black Merlin"; it occurs in coastal Washington and British Columbia  

  76. Peregrine Falcon  (ph)  _____   
    Falco peregrinus

    An immature Peregrine Falcon
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  77. Prairie Falcon  (ph)  _____ 
    Falco mexicanus

  78. American Coot  (ph)  _____ 
    Fulica a. americana

  79. Black-bellied Plover  (ph)  _____   
    Pluvialis squatarola cynosurae

    Another name for Pluvialis squatarola is Grey Plover (with the British spelling as it is the name in the Old World). 

  80. Pacific Golden Plover  (ph)  _____ 
    Pluvialis fulva

  81. Snowy Plover  (ph)  _____
    Charadrius nivosus

    The Snowy Plover was conspecific with the Kentish Plover of the Old World.

    Snowy Plover
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  82. Semipalmated Plover  (ph)  _____ 
    Charadrius semipalmatus

  83. Killdeer  (ph)  _____ 
    Charadrius v. vociferus

  84. American Black Oystercatcher  (ph)  _____ 
    Haematopus bachmani

    American Black Oystercatcher, photographed during a FONT West Coast USA Tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  85. Greater Yellowlegs  (ph)  _____ 
    Tringa melanoleuca

  86. Lesser Yellowlegs  (ph)  _____ 
    Tringa flavipes

  87. Solitary Sandpiper  (ph)  _____ 
    Tringa solitaria cinnamomea

  88. Willet  (ph)  _____ 
    Tringa semipalmatus inornatus
    (was Catoptrophorus semipalmatus inornatus)

  89. Wandering Tattler  (ph)  _____ 
    Heteroscelus incanus

  90. Spotted Sandpiper  (ph)  _____ 
    Actitis macularius

  91. "American" Whimbrel  (ph)  _____ 
    Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus

  92. Long-billed Curlew  (nt) (ph)  _____ 
    Numenius americanus parvus

  93. Marbled Godwit  (ph)  _____ 
    Limosa fedoa

  94. BAR-TAILED GODWIT  (ph)  _____ 
    Limosa lapponica baueri

  95. Ruddy Turnstone  (ph)  _____ 
    Arenaria interpres morinella

  96. Black Turnstone _____ 
    Arenaria melanocephala

  97. Surfbird _____ 
    Aphriza virgata

  98. Red Knot  (ph)  _____ 
    Calidris canutus rufa

  99. Sanderling  (ph)  _____ 
    Calidris alba rubida

  100. Pectoral Sandpiper  (ph)  _____ 
    Calidris melanotos

  101. Baird's Sandpiper  (ph)  _____ 
    Calidris bairdii

  102. WHITE-RUMPED SANDPIPER  (r/wNA) (ph) ______ 
    Calidris fuscicollis

  103. Western Sandpiper  (ph)  _____ 
    Calidris mauri

  104. Least Sandpiper  (ph)  _____ 
    Calidris minutilla

  105. Dunlin  (ph)  _____ 
    Calidris alpina

  106. Short-billed Dowitcher  (ph)  _____ 
    Limnodromus griseus

  107. Long-billed Dowitcher  (ph)  _____ 
    Limnodromus scolopaceus 

  108. Wilson's Snipe  (ph)  _____  
    Gallinago delicata

    The Wilson's Snipe was conspecific with the Common Snipe of the Old World, Gallinago gallinago. 

    Wilson's Snipe
    (photo by Armas Hill) 

  109. Red Phalarope  (P) (ph)  _____   
    Phalaropus fulicaria

  110. Red-necked Phalarope  (P) (ph)  _____ 
    Phalaropus lobatus

  111. Pomarine Jaeger  (P) (ph)  ______
    Stercorarius pomarinus

    Another name for Stercorarius pomarinus is Pomarine Skua.

  112. Parasitic Jaeger  (P) (ph)  ______
    Stercorarius parasiticus  

    Another name for Stercorarius parasiticus is Arctic Skua.

  113. Long-tailed Jaeger  (P) (ph)  _____  
    Stercorarius longicaudus

    Another name for Stercorarius longicaudus is Long-tailed Skua.

  114. South Polar Skua  (P) (ph)   _____   
    rius maccormicki 
    (formerly Catharacta maccormicki)  

  115. Bonaparte's Gull  (ph) _____ 
    Chroicocephalus philadelphia 
    (formerly Larus philadelphia)

  116. BLACK-HEADED GULL  (NAr) (ph)  ______ 
    Chroicocephalus ridibundus 
    (formerly Larus ridibundus)

    Common Black-headed Gull
    (photo by Armas Hill)

  117. Franklin's Gull  (ph)   _____
    Leucophaeus pipixcan 
    (formerly Larus pipixcan)

  118. Heermann's Gull  (nt) (ph)  _____   
    Larus heermanni

    Heermann's Gull
    (photo by Armas Hill)
  119. Mew Gull  _____  
    Larus canus brachyrhnchus

    The Mew Gull is conspecific with the Common Gull, Larus canus canus, of Europe and the "Kamchatka Gull", Larus canus kamtschatschensis, of eastern Asia.

  120. Ring-billed Gull  (ph)  _____ 
    Larus delawarensis

  121. California Gull  (ph)  _____ 
    Larus c. californicus

  122. "American" Herring Gull _____ 
    Larus argentatus smithsonianus

  123. Western Gull _____ 
    Larus o. occidentalis

  124. Glaucous-winged Gull _____ 
    Larus glaucescens

  125. Sabine's Gull  (P) (ph)  _____
    Xema sabini

  126. Black-legged Kittiwake  (P) (ph)  _____ 
    Rissa tridactyla pollicaris

    An immature Black-legged Kittiwake
    (photo by Alan Brady)

  127. Caspian Tern  (ph)  _____ 
    Hydroprogne c. caspia 
    (formerly Sterna c. caspia)

  128. Arctic Tern  (P) (ph)  _____ 
    Sterna paradisaea

  129. Forster's Tern  (ph)  _____ 
    Sterna forsteri

  130. Common Tern _____ 
    Sterna h. hirundo

  131. Black Tern  (ph)  _____ 
    Chlidonias niger surinamensis

  132. Common Murre  (P) (ph)  _____      
    Uria aalge californica

  133. Pigeon Guillemot  (P) _____
    Cepphus c. columba

  134. Marbled Murrelet  (nt) (P) _____
    Brachyramphus marmoratus

  135. Scripp's Murrelet  (nt) (P) _____ 
    Synthliboramphus scrippsi 

    The Scripp's Murrelet was part of the former Xantu's Murrelet. It was the more northern of two subspecies.  

  136. Cassin's Auklet  (P) _____ 
    Ptychoramphus aleuticus

  137. Rhinoceros Auklet  (P) _____
    Cerohinca monocerata

  138. Tufted Puffin  (P) (ph)  _____   
    Fratercula cirrhata

  139. Common (or Feral) Pigeon  (NAi) ______ 
    Columba livia

  140. Band-tailed Pigeon  (ph)  _______ 
    Patagioenas flavirostris 
    (formerly Columba flavirostris)

  141. Mourning Dove  (ph)  ______ 
    Zenaida macroura

  142. American Barn Owl  (ph)  ______ 
    furcata pratincola

    The American Barn Owl has been part of the Barn Owl of Eurasia and Africa, Tyto alba.
    But Tyto furcata is a heavier bird, with a larger and stouter head and body, and with much more powerful talons.  

  143. Western Screech Owl  (ph)  ______
    Otus kennicottii

  144. Great Horned Owl  (ph)  ______   
    Bubo virginianus saturatus

  145. Northern Pygmy Owl ______
    Glaucidium c. californicum 
    (was Glaucidium gnoma, which is now the Mountain Pygmy Owl of Mexico and Central America, reaching north into southern Arizona and New Mexico) 

  146. Short-eared Owl  (ph)  ______ 
    Asio f. flammeus

  147. Common Poorwill ______ 
    Phalaenoptilus n. nuttallii

  148. Common Nighthawk  (ph)  ______ 
    Chordeiles minor 
    (a few subspecies occur in the western US and western Canada, but probably C. m. sennetti in Washington State)

  149. Vaux's Swift ______ 
    Chaetura v. vauxi

  150. Belted Kingfisher  (ph)  ______ 
    Ceryle alcyon

  151. Red-breasted Sapsucker ______  
    Sphyrapicus ruber

  152. Red-naped Sapsucker  (ph)  ______ 
    Sphyrapicus nuchalis

    A Red-naped Sapsucker photographed during a FONT tour

  153. White-headed Woodpecker ______ 
    Picoides a. albolarvatus

  154. Downy Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ 
    Picoides pubescens gaidneri 
      subspecies in coastal Washington
    Picoides pubescens turati 
       subspecies in inland Washington

  155. Hairy Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ 
    Picoides villosus harrisi 
      subspecies in coastal Washington
    Picoides villosus orius 
      subspecies in mountains of Washington State  

    Hairy Woodpecker
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  156. American Three-toed Woodpecker ______ 
    Picoides dorsalis fasciatus

    Until rather recently, the American Three-toed Woodpecker was conspecific with the Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, Picoides tridactylus.

  157. "Red-shafted" Northern Flicker ______ 
    Colaptes auratus

  158. Lewis's Woodpecker ______ 
    Melanerpes lewis

  159. Pileated Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ 
    Dryocopus pileatus

    Pileated Woodecker

  160. Olive-sided Flycatcher ______   
    Contopus cooperi 
    (was for a while referred to as Contopus borealis)

    An alternate common name for Contopus cooperi could be "Boreal Pewee". 

  161. Western Wood-Pewee ______ 
    Contopus sordidulus

  162. Dusky Flycatcher  (ph)  ______ 
    Empidonax oberholseri 

    Dusky Flycatcher
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  163. Cordilleran Flycatcher ______
    Empidonax occidentalis 

    The Cordilleran Flycatcher was called Western Flycatcher when it was conspecific with the Pacific-slope Flycatcher.

  164. Gray Flycatcher ______ 
    Empidonax wrightii

  165. Willow Flycatcher ______ 
    Empidonax trailii

  166. Say's Phoebe  (ph)  ______ 
    Sayornis saya

  167. Loggerhead Shrike  (ph)  ______ 
    Lanius ludovicianus

  168. Red-eyed Vireo ______ 
    Vireo olivaceus

  169. Cassin's Vireo ______   
    Vireo cassinii

    What is now the Cassin's Vireo was conspecific with the now Blue-headed and Plumbeous Vireos. When so, it was called the Solitary Vireo.   

  170. Hutton's Vireo ______ 
    Vireo huttoni

  171. Warbling Vireo ______ 
    Vireo gilvus

  172. Gray Jay  (ph)  ______ 
    Perisoreus canadensis griseus

  173. Steller's Jay  (ph)  ______ 
    Cyanocitta s. stelleri  

  174. Western Scrub Jay  (ph)  ______ 
    Aphelocoma c. californica

  175. Clark's Nutcracker ______ 
    Nucifraga columbiana

  176. Black-billed Magpie  (ph)  ______ 
    Pica hudsonia 

    The Black-billed Magpie was conspecific with the Common Magpie of Eurasia, Pica pica.

  177. American Crow  (ph)  ______ 
    Corvus brachyrhnchos hesperis

  178. Northwestern Crow ______ 
    Corvus caurinus

    Note: Along the coast of the Pacific Northwest, the American Crow is a smaller form - C.b. hesperis, noted above. 
    An ID problem is vexed as those crows can have strange calls difficult to allocate to species - either American or Northwestern. 
    This has called into question the validity of the Northwestern Crow as a species, but after decades of controversy the AOU (American Ornithologists Union) continues to recognize it as such. The precise identity of crows along the Oregon coast can be particularly problematic.        

  179. Northern Raven  (ph)  ______ 
    Corvus corax principalis

  180. Cedar Waxwing  (ph)   ______
    Bombycilla cedrorum

  181. BOHEMIAN WAXWING  ______
    Bombycilla garrulus

  182. Black-capped Chickadee ______ 
    atricapilla occidentalis 
    (formerly Parus atricapilla occidentalis  in Washington, west of the Cascade Mountains
    Poecile atricapilla fortuitus  (formerly Parus atricapilla fortuitus)   in Washington, east of the Cascade Mountains 

    Black-capped Chickadee
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  183. Chestnut-backed Chickadee ______ 
    r. rufescens 
    (formerly Parus r. rufescens  

  184. Mountain Chickadee ______ 
    gambeli baileyae 
    (formerly Parus gambeli baileyae)

  185. Violet-green Swallow ______ 
    Tachycineta t. thalassina

  186. American Cliff Swallow ______ 
    Petrochelidon pyrrhonota hypopolia

  187. Bank Swallow ______ 
    Riparia r. riparia

    Another name for Riparia riparia is Sand Martin, as the bird is known in the Old World.

  188. Barn Swallow  (ph)  ______ 
    Hirundo rustica erythrogaster

  189. Northern Rough-winged Swallow ______ 
    Stelgidopteryx s. serripennis

  190. American Bushtit  (ph)  ______ 
    Psaltriparus minimus
    (a complex species with 11 subspecies in 3 "groups")
    In Washington State, these subspecies, the "Minimus Group", the "Plain Bushtit"   
    P. m. saturatus   subspecies in the Puget Sound area of Washington State
    P. m. minimus  
    subspecies in the Yakima valley of south-central Washington State

  191. Horned Lark  (ph)  ______
    Eremophila alpestris

  192. Eurasian Skylark  (NAi)  ______
    Alauda arvensis

  193. Golden-crowned Kinglet  (ph)  ______ 
    Regulus satrapa

  194. Ruby-crowned Kinglet  (ph)  ______ 
    Regulus calendula

  195. Rock Wren  (ph)  ______ 
    Salpinctes o. obsoletus

  196. Canyon Wren ______ 
    Catherpes mexicanus griseus

  197. Bewick's Wren ______ 
    Thryomanes bewickii calophonus  

  198. House Wren  (ph)  ______ 
    Troglodytes aedon

    A House Wren, "looking at you"
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  199. Pacific Wren ______ 
    Troglodytes pacificus   

    The Pacific Wren was part of the now more-easterly Winter Wren.

  200. Marsh Wren  (ph)  ______ 
    Cistothorus palustris dissaeptus 
      subspecies in western and central Washington State 

  201. Red-breasted Nuthatch  (ph)  ______ 
    Sitta canadensis

  202. White-breasted Nuthatch  (ph)  ______ 
    Sitta carolinensis tenuissima 
      subspecies in the Cascade Mountains of Washington State 
    Sitta carolinensis aculeat
    a  subspecies in western Washington State  

  203. Pygmy Nuthatch  (ph)  ______ 
    Sitta pygmaea melanotus 

  204. Brown Creeper  (ph)  ______    
    Certhia americana occidentalis

    An alternate name for Certhia americana could be American Treecreeper.

  205. Western Bluebird  (ph)  ______ 
    Sialia mexicana

  206. Mountain Bluebird  (ph) ______ 
    Sialia currucoides

  207. Hermit Thrush  (ph)  ______ 
    Catharus guttatus

  208. Swainson's Thrush ______ 
    Catharus ustulatus

  209. American Robin  (ph)  ______ 
    Turdus migratorius 

  210. Varied Thrush  (ph)  ______ 
    Ixoreus naevius

    Varied Thrush - a first-year male
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  211. Townsend's Solitaire ______ 
    Myadestes townsendi

  212. American Dipper  (ph)  ______ 
    Cinclus mexicanus unicolor

  213. Sage Thrasher  (ph)  ______ 
    Oreoscoptes montanus

  214. European Starling  (NAi) (ph)  ______ 
    Sturnus vulgaris

  215. House Sparrow  (NAi) ______ 
    Passer domesticus

  216. American Pipit  (ph)  ______  
    Anthus rubescens

    Another name for Anthus rubescens is Buff-bellied Pipit.

  217. Pine Grosbeak  (ph)  ______ 
    Pinicola enucleator montana

  218. Purple Finch  (ph)  ______ 
    Carpodacus purpureus

    A female Purple Finch
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  219. Cassin's Finch  (ph)  ______ 
    Carpodacus cassinii

  220. House Finch  (ph)  ______ 
    Carpodacus mexicanus

  221. Red Crossbill  (ph) ______ 
    Loxia curvirostra

  222. White-winged Crossbill  (ph)  ______
    Loxia leucoptera

    Loxia leucoptera
    is called Two-barred Crossbill in Europe.

  223. Pine Siskin  (ph)   ______
    Carduelis pinus

  224. American Goldfinch  (ph)  ______ 
    Carduelis tristis

  225. Evening Grosbeak  (ph)  ______ 
    Coccothraustes vespertinus

  226. Orange-crowned Warbler  (ph)  ______ 
    Oreothlypis celata  (formerly Vermivora celata)

  227. NORTHERN PARULA  (r/wNA)  ______
    Setophaga americana 
    (formerly Parula americana)

  228. Yellow Warbler ______ 
    Setophaga petechia 
    (formerly Dendroica petechia)   

  229. "Audubon's" Yellow-rumped Warbler ______ 
    Setophaga coronata auduboni 
    (formerly Dendroica coronata auduboni)

  230. Black-throated Gray Warbler ______ 
    Setophaga nigrescens 
    (formerly Dendroica nigrescens)

  231. Townsend's Warbler ______ 
    Setophaga townsendi 
    (formerly Dendroica townsendi)

  232. Hermit Warbler ______ 
    Setophaga occidentalis 
    (formerly Dendroica occidentalis)

  233. MacGillivray's Warbler ______ 
    Geothlypis tolmiei 
    (formerly Oporornis tolmiei)

  234. Common Yellowthroat ______ 
    Geothlypis trichas

  235. Wilson's Warbler ______ 
    Cardellina pusillai 
    (formerly Wilsonia pusilla)

  236. Red-winged Blackbird ______ 
    Agelaius phoeniceus

  237. Western Meadowlark ______ 
    Sturnella neglecta

  238. Brewer's Blackbird ______ 
    Euphagus cyanocephalus

  239. Brown-headed Cowbird ______ 
    Molothrus ater

  240. Bullock's Oriole ______  
    Icterus bullockii

    For a while the Bullock's Oriole was merged with the more-easterly Baltimore Oriole. When so, the name was Northern Oriole.  

  241. Western Tanager ______ 
    Piranga ludoviciana

  242. Spotted Towhee  (ph)  ______  
    Pipilo maculatus

    What is now the Spotted Towhee was called the Rufous-sided Towhee when it was conspecific with the now Eastern Towhee of North America and the Olive-sided Towhee and Socorro Towhee of Mexico.
    The Spotted Towhee is now said to be conspecific with the Collared Towhee of Mexico.  

  243. Chipping Sparrow ______ 
    Spizella passerina boreophila

  244. Brewer's Sparrow ______ 
    Spizella b. breweri 
    (subspecies valid as long as "Timberline Sparrow" of Canada is considered conspecific)

  245. Vesper Sparrow ______ 
    Pooecetes gramineus affinis

  246. Lark Sparrow ______ 
    Chondestes grammacus

  247. Sagebrush Sparrow ______
    rtemisiospiza nevadensis

    The Sagebrush Sparrow is now considered distinct from what is now the "Bell's Sparrow" of coastal California, Artemisiospiza belli.
    The two were merged as the Sage Sparrow, Amphispiza belli.

  248. Savannah Sparrow ______ 
    Passerculus sandwichensis

    Savannah Sparrow
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  249. "Slate-colored" Fox Sparrow ______ 
    Passerella iliaca schistacea

  250. Song Sparrow ______ 
    Melospiza melodia caurina  

  251. Lincoln's Sparrow ______ 
    Melospiza lincolnii gracilis

  252. Golden-crowned Sparrow ______ 
    Zonotrichia atricapilla

  253. White-crowned Sparrow ______ 
    Zonotrichia leucophrys pugetensis 
    subspecies in Washington and British Columbia

  254. "Oregon" Dark-eyed Junco ______ 
    Junco hyemalis montanus
    (subspecies in interior Washington)
    Junco hyemalis shufeldti
    (subspecies in coastal Washington)

  255. Black-headed Grosbeak ______ 
    Pheucticus melanocephalus

Note:   Birds in CAPITALIZED LETTERS are birds particularly uncommon in the far-western US.