PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-8
 or 302/529-1876
Website: www.focusonnature.com


Ecuador Birds

during the 
Focus On Nature Tour 
in July 2013


List compiled by Armas Hill


July 2-9, 2013

During FONT birding tours in Ecuador, over 1100 species of birds have cumulatively been found. 

This July 2013 Southern & Western Ecuador Tour was the 20th FONT tour in Ecuador.

Upper right photograph:  A PEARL KITE photographed during the tour  
(photo by Marie Gardner)     


W:      western Ecuador, including the coast
IP:      Isla de la Plata, offshore, and surrounding waters
S:       southern Ecuador, including the Buenaventura Reserve   

(t):      a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International.
              (t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt):    a near-threatened species globally.

(ECi):  an introduced species in Ecuador
(ECr):  rare in Ecuador

(ph):  species with a photo in the FONT website


A List & Photo Gallery of Ecuador Birds, in 4 Parts
(linked here to the first part, with links to the others)

Mammals in South America (with some photos)

A List & Photo Gallery of South America Butterflies, in 5 Parts

Highlights of Some Previous FONT Ecuador Tours

Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Ecuador



  1. Pale-browed Tinamou  (nt)  ______  W
    Crypturellus transfasciatus

    The Pale-browed Tinamou has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  2. Rufous-headed Chachalaca  (t3) (ph)  ______  S
    Ortalis erythroptera

    The Rufous-headed Chachalaca has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  3. Crested Guan  (ph)  _____  S
    Penelope purpurascens aequatorialis

    The Crested Guan has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador. 

  4. Rufous-fronted Wood Quail  _____  S
    Odontophorus melanonotus

  5. Fulvous Whistling Duck  _____  W,S
    Dendrocygna bicolor

  6. Black-bellied Whistling Duck  (ph)  ______  S
    Dendrocygna autumnalis

  7. White-cheeked Pintail  (ph)  _____  W
    Anas bahamensis rubrirostris

  8. Southern Pochard  (ECr)  _____  S
    Netta erythrophthalma 

    The Southern Pochard has been classified as a critically endangered species in Ecuador.

  9. Comb Duck  (ECr) (ph)  _____  S
    Sarkidiornis melanotos 

    The Comb Duck has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador, where it is said to be "rare and local".
    During our July 2013 FONT tour, we saw at one marsh about 500 Comb Ducks.   

  10. Waved Albatross  (t1) (ph)  _____  IP
    Phoebastria irrorata

    The Waved Albatross has been classified as a critically endangered species both globally and in Ecuador. 
    It breeds only on one island in the Galapagos and on a single island off the Ecuadorian coast, where it is very rare.
    When we saw it on that single island, Isla de la Plata, during our July 2013 FONT tour, there were only 2 breeding pairs on that island.    

  11. Black Petrel  (t3)  _____  IP
    Procellaria parkinsoni 

    The Black Petrel has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.

  12. White-vented Storm Petrel  (nt)  _____  IP
    Oceanites gracilis

  13. Least Storm Petrel  _____  IP
    Oceanodroma microsoma

  14. Least Grebe  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Tachybaptus dominicus eisenmann
      (a recently-described subspecies, in 1985, nearly endemic to western Ecuador)  

  15. Pied-billed Grebe  (ph)  _____  S
    Podilymbus podiceps 

  16. GREAT GREBE  (ECr) (ph)  _____  S
    Podiceps major

  17. American White Ibis  (ph)  _____  S
    Eudocimus albus

  18. Roseate Spoonbill  (ph)  _____  S
    Platalea ajaja

  19. Cocoi Heron  (ph)  _____  S
    Ardea cocoi

  20. Great Egret  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Casmerodius alba egretta

  21. Snowy Egret  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Egretta thula

  22. Little Blue Heron  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Egretta caerulea

  23. Tricolored Heron  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Egretta tricolor 

  24. Western Cattle Egret  (ph)  ______  W,S
    Bubulcus ibis  

    Split from the Cattle Egret, the Eastern Cattle Egret, Bubulcus coromandus, occurs in eastern Asia,

  25. Striated Heron  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Butorides striatus

  26. Black-crowned Night Heron  (ph)   _____  S
    Nycticorax nycticorax hoactli

  27. Yellow-crowned Night Heron  (ph)  _____  W
    Nyctanassa violacea

  28. Rufescent Tiger Heron  (ph)  _____  W
    Tigrisoma lineatum

  29. Pinnated Bittern  (ph)  _____  S
    Botaurus pinnatus

    The Pinnated Bittern has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  30. Red-billed Tropicbird  (ph)  _____  IP
    Phaethon aethereus

  31. Magnificent Frigatebird  (ph)  _____  W,IP
    Fregata magnificens

  32. Brown Pelican  (ph)  _____  W,IP
    Pelecanus occidentalis murphyo

  33. Peruvian Pelican  (ph)  _____  W,IP
    Pelecanus thagus

  34. Blue-footed Booby  (ph)  _____  W,IP
    Sula nebouxii

  35. Nazca Booby  (ph)  _____  IP
    Sula granti 

    The Nazca Booby, of the eastern Pacific Ocean, was split from the Masked Booby in 2000. 

    The Nazca Booby does not breed many places. It does so mostly in the Galapagos Islands. Other breeding sites include the Malpeno Islands off the Colombian coast, the Revillagigedo Islands off the Mexican coast, and Isla de la Plata, where we saw them during our July 2013 FONT Ecuador Tour.      

  36. Neotropic Cormorant  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Phalacrocorax brasilianus

  37. Anhinga  (ph)  _____  S
    Anhinga anhinga

  38. Turkey Vulture  (ph)  ______  W,S
    Cathartes aura

  39. Black Vulture  (ph)  ______  W,S
    Coragyps atratus

  40. Pearl Kite  (ph)  _____  W
    Gampsonyx swainsonii

  41. Swallow-tailed Kite  (ph)  _____  S
    Elanoides foricatus 

  42. Snail Kite  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Rostrhamus sociabilis 

    The Snail Kite has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador, it occurs locally in the country.
    During our July 2013 tour, we saw the species at two places.

  43. Plain-breasted Hawk  _____  S
    Accipiter ventralis 

    As scientific data is still lacking, the "Plain-breasted Hawk", and two other Neotropical forms, are considered by some to be subspecies of the Sharp-shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus   

  44. Variable Hawk  (ph)  ______  W  
    Buteo polyosoma

  45. Zone-tailed Hawk  (ph)  _____  S
    Buteo albonotatus

  46. Roadside Hawk  (ph) ______  S
    Buteo magnirostris 

  47. Gray-lined Hawk  _____  W,S
    Buteo nitidus

  48. Bay-winged Hawk  (ph)  _____  W
    Parabuteo unicinctus

    Parabuteo unicinctus
    is also known, in North America, as the Harris' Hawk.

  49. Gray-backed Hawk  (t2) (ph)  _____  S
    Leucopternis occidentalis

    The Gray-backed Hawk has been classified as an endangered species in Ecuador. 
    It is nearly endemic to Ecuador. 

  50. Savanna Hawk  (ph)  _____  W
    Buteogallus meridionalis

  51. Great Black Hawk  (ph)  _____  W
    Buteogallus urubitinga

  52. Osprey  (ph)  _____  S
    Pandion haliaetus caro;inensis

  53. Laughing Falcon  (ph)  ______  W,S
    Herpetotheres cachinnans

  54. Northern Crested Caracara  (ph)  _____  W
    Caracara cheriway

  55. Bat Falcon  (ph)  _____  S
    Falco rufigularis

  56. American Kestrel  (ph)  _____  W
    Falco sparverius
    peruviannus  (the subspecies in lowland western Ecuador)  

  57. Limpkin  (ph)  _____  S
    Aramus guarauna

  58. Spotted Rail  _____  S
    Pardirallus maculatus

  59. White-throated Crake  _____  S
    Laterallus albigularis

  60. Common Gallinule  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Gallinula galeata

  61. Wattled Jacana  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Jacana jacana

  62. Black-necked Stilt  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Himantopus mexicanus

  63. American Oystercatcher  (ph)  _____  W
    Haematopus palliatus

  64. Black-bellied Plover  (ph)  _____  W
    Pluvialis squatarola

  65. Killdeer  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Charadrius vociferus

  66. Snowy Plover  (ph)  _____  W
    Charadrius nivosus occidentalis

    The Snowy Plover is very localized along the Ecuadorian coast, being strictly confined to the vicinity of either salt-evaporation ponds or less often, shrimp ponds.

  67. Collared Plover  _____  W
    Charadrius collaris

  68. Western Sandpiper  (ph)  ______  W
    Calidris mauri

  69. Sanderling  (ph)  ______  W
    Calidris alba 

  70. Whimbrel  (ph)   ______  W
    Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus

  71. Gray Gull  (ph)  ______  W
    Leucophaeus modestus

  72. Laughing Gull  (ph)  _____  W
    Leucophaeus atricilia

  73. Gray-hooded Gull  (ph)  _____  W
    Chroicocephalus c. cirrocephalus

  74. Kelp Gull  (ph)  _____  W
    Larus dominicanus

  75. Swallow-tailed Gull  (ph)  _____  W
    Cragrus furcatus

    The Swallow-tailed Gull is rare along the western coast of Ecuador. It breeds in the Galapagos.

  76. Gull-billed Tern  (ph)  _____  W
    Gelochelidon nilotica

  77. Royal Tern  (ph)  _____  W
    Thalasseus maxima

  78. Common Tern  _____  W
    Sterna hirunda     

  79. Common (or Feral) Pigeon (i) ______  W,S
    Columba livia

  80. Pale-vented Pigeon ______  W

  81. Ruddy Pigeon  (t3) ______  S
    Patagioenas subvinacea

  82. Eared Dove  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Zenaida auriculata 

  83. Western Peruvian Dove  _____  W
    Zenaida meloda 

  84. Ecuadorian Ground Dove  ______  W,S
    Columbina buckleyi 

  85. Croaking Ground Dove  _____  W
    Columbina cruziana

  86. Blue Ground Dove  _____  S
    Claravis pretiosa

  87. White-tipped Dove ______  W,S  (was called White-fronted Dove)
    Leptotila verreauxi 

  88. Ochre-bellied Dove  (t3)  ______   
    Leptotila ochraceiventris 

    The Ochre-bellied Dove has been classified as an endangered species in Ecuador. 

  89. Red-masked Parakeet  (nt)  _____  W,S
    Aratinga erythrogenys

    The Red-masked Parakeet has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.

  90. Pacific Parrotlet  ______  W,S 
    Forpus coelestis

  91. Gray-cheeked Parakeet  (t2)  _____  S
    Brotogeris pyrrhopterus

    The Gray-cheeked Parakeet has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  92. Bronze-winged Parrot  _____  W,S
    Pionus chalcopterus 

  93. Squirrel Cuckoo  (ph)  ______  S
    Piaya cayana

  94. Striped Cuckoo  ______  S
    Tapera naevia

  95. Smooth-billed Ani  (ph)  ______  W,S
    Crotophaga ani

  96. Groove-billed Ani  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Crotophaga sulcirostris

  97. American Barn Owl  (ph)  _____  W
    Tyta furcata

  98. Tumbes Screech Owl  (ph)  _____  W
    Megascops pacificus

  99. Pacific Pygmy Owl  _____  W
    Glaucidium peruanum

  100. Black-and-white Owl  _____  S
    Strix nigrolineata

  101. Lesser Nighthawk  _____  W
    Chordeiles acutipennis

  102. Pauraque  (ph)  _____  S
    Nyctidromus a, albicollis

  103. White-collared Swift  _____  S
    Streptoprocne zonaris

  104. Tumbes Swift  _____  W
    Chaetura cinereiventris

    The Tumbes Swift was part of the Short-tailed Swift, Chaetura brachyura.

  105. Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift  _____  S
    Panyptila cayennensis

  106. White-whiskered Hermit  (ph)  ______  S
    Phaethornis yaruqui

  107. Baron's Hermit  _____  S
    Phaethornis baroni 

    The Baron's Hermit, a near-endemic to Ecuador, was at one time part of the former, expanded Long-tailed Hermit. 

  108. Stripe-throated Hermit  (ph)  _____  S
    Phethornis striigularis

  109. White-necked Jacobin  (ph)  ______  S
    Florisuga m. mellivora

  110. Brown Violetear  _____  S
    Colibri delphinae

  111. Green Thorntail  (ph)  _____  S
    Popelairia conversii

  112. Emerald-bellied Woodnymph  ______  S
    Thalurania hypochlora

    The Emerald-bellied Woodnymph has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  113. Violet-bellied Hummingbird  ______  S
    Damophila julie

  114. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird  (ph)  ______  S
    Amazilia t. tzacatl

  115. Amazilia Hummingbird  _____  W
    Amazilia amazilia

  116. Andean Emerald  (ph)  _____  S
    Amazilia franciae

  117. Ecuadorian Plumeleteer  (nt)  _____  S
    Chalybura intermedia 

    The Ecuadorian Plumeleteer was considered a disjunct population of the White-vented Plumeleteer, Chalybura buffonii.
    Now it is an Ecuadorian endemic, and it has been classified as a near-threatened species in the country. 

  118. Green-crowned Brilliant  (ph)  _____  S
    Heliodoxa jacula

  119. Violet-tailed Sylph  (ph)  _____  S
    Aglaiocercus coelestis

  120. Short-tailed Woodstar  _____  IP
    Calliphlox micrura 

  121. Ecuadorian Trogon  (ph) ______  

  122. Ringed Kingfisher  (ph)  ______  S

  123. Green Kingfisher  (ph)  ______  W,S
    Chloroceryle inda

  124. Rufous Motmot ______  S
    Baryphthengus martii

  125. Whooping Motmot  (ph)  _____  W
    Momotus subrufescens

    The Whooping Motmot was part of an expanded Blue-crowned Motmot. 
    Another name for Momotus subrufescens is the Tawny-bellied Motmot.   

  126. White-necked Puffbird  _____  W
    Notharchus macrorhynchos

  127. Barred Puffbird  _____  S
    Nystatus radiatus

  128. Pale-mandibled Aracari  (ph)  ______  W
    Pteroglossus erythropygius 

    The Pale-mandibled Aracari is one of the few bird species endemic to Ecuador.

  129. Chestnut-mandibled Toucan  _____  W
    Ramphastos swainsonii

    The Chestnut-mandibled Toucan has now been said to be part of the Black-mandibled Toucan, Ramphastos ambiguus.

  130. Golden-olive Woodpecker  (ph)  _____  S
    Piculus rubiginosus

  131. Black-cheeked Woodpecker  (ph)  ______  S
    Melanerpes pucherani

  132. Scarlet-backed Woodpecker  _____  S
    Veniliornis callonotus

  133. Red-rumped Woodpecker ______  S
    Veniliornis kirkii 

  134. Guayaquil Woodpecker  (ph)  _____  S
    Campephilus gayaquilensis

  135. White-bearded Manakin  (ph)  _____  W
    Manacus manacus 

  136. Club-winged Manakin  _____  S
    Machaeropterus deliciosus

  137. One-colored Becard  _____  W,S
    Platypsaria homochrous

  138. Long-wattled Umbrellabird  (t3) (ph)  _____  S
    Cephalopterus penduliger   

    The Long-wattled Umbrellabird has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.

  139. Black Phoebe  _____  S
    Sayornis nigricans

  140. Masked Water Tyrant  _____  W,S
    Fluvicola nengeta

  141. Vermilion Flycatcher  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Pyrocephalus rubinus piurae  

  142. Tropical Kingbird  (ph)  ______  W,S
    Tyrannus melancholicus 

  143. Boat-billed Flycatcher  _____  W,S
    Megarynchus pitangua

  144. Streaked Flycatcher  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Myiodynastes maculatus

  145. Baird's Flycatcher  _____  W
    Myiodynastes bairdii

  146. Social Flycatcher  (ph)  ______  S
    Myiozetetes similis

  147. Ochraceous Attila  (t3)  _____  S
    Attila toridus

    The Ochraceous Attila has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador. It is nearly endemic to that country.

  148. Sooty-crowned Flycatcher  _____  W
    Myiarchus phaeocephalus   

  149. Dusky-capped Flycatcher  (ph)  _____  S
    Myiarchus tiberculifer

  150. Tumbes Pewee  _____  W,S
    Contopus punensis

    The Tumbes Pewee was part of the Tropical Pewee.

  151. Smoke-colored Pewee  _____  S
    Contopus fumigatus

  152. Bran-colored Flycatcher  ______  W
    Myiophobus fasciatus

  153. Gray-breasted Flycatcher  (t3) _____  W
    Lathrotriccus griseipectus 

    The Gray-breasted Flycatcher has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador. 

  154. Black-tailed Myiobius  _____  W
    Myiobius atricaudus

  155. Common Tody-Flycatcher  ______  S
    Todirostrum cinereum

  156. Tawny-crowned Pgymy-Tyrant  _____  W
    Euscarthmus meloryphus  

  157. Yellow-bellied Elaenia  (ph)  _____  W
    Elaenia falvogaster semipagana

  158. Greenish Elaenia  _____  W
    Myiopagis viridicata

  159. Southern Beardless Tyrannulet  _____  W,S
    Camptostoma obsoletum

  160. Gray-and-white Tyrannulet  _____  IP
    Pseudelaenia leucispodia

    The Gray-and-white Tyrannulet is a localized, uncommon species restricted to southwestern and adjacent northwestern Peru,
    It can be more readily seen on the offshore Isla de la Plata than on the adjacent mainland.  

  161. Olive-striped Flycatcher  _____  W
    Mionectes olivaceus

  162. Great Antshrike  (ph)  _____  S
    Taraba major

  163. Collared Antshrike  (ph)  _____  W
    Sakesphorus bernardi 

  164. Black-crowned Antshrike  _____  S
    Thamnophilus atrinucha 

    The newly-named Black-crowned Antshrike (by the AOU in 2013) was the Western Slaty Antshrike, but genetic evidence has shown that it is not related to the slaty-antshrikes elsewhere in South America.      

  165. Plain Antvireo  _____  W
    Dysithamnus mentalis 

  166. White-backed Fire-eye  _____  W
    Pyriglena leuconota pacifica

  167. Chestnut-backed Antbird  _____  S
    Myrmeciza exsul

  168. Pacific Hornero  _____  W,S
    Furnarius cinnamomeus

  169. Slaty Spinetail  _____  S
    Synallaxis brachyura

  170. Necklaced Spinetail  _____  W
    Synallaxis atictothorax

  171. Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner  _____  S
    Anabacerthia variegaticeps

  172. Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner  (t3)  _____  W
    Hylocryptus erythrocephalus

    The Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner has been classified as a vulnerable species on Ecuador.

  173. Spotted Woodcreeper  _____  S
    Xiphorhynchus erythropygius

  174. Streak-headed Woodcreeper  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Lepidocolaptes souleyetii  

  175. Rufous-browed Peppershrike  _____  W
    Cyclarhis gujanensis virenticeps

  176. Lesser Greenlet  _____  S
    Hylophilus decurtatus minor

  177. White-tailed Jay  ______  W
    Cyanocorax mystacalis

  178. Gray-breasted Martin  _____  W,S
    Progne chalybea

  179. PERUVIAN MARTIN  (t3) (ECr)  _____  W
    Progne murphyi

  180. Blue-and-white Swallow  (ph)  _____  S
    Notiochelidon cyanoleuca

  181. Southern Rough-winged Swallow  _____  S
    Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

  182. Chestnut-collared Swallow _____  W
    Petrochelidon rufocollaris

  183. Fasciated Wren  _____  W,S
    Campylorhynchus fasciatus

  184. Bay Wren  _____  W
    Thryothorus nigricapillus

  185. Speckle-breasted Wren  (ph)  _____  W
    Thryothorus sclateri

  186. "Southern" House Wren  (ph)  ______  W,S
    Troglodytes aedon albicans

  187. Gray-breasted Wood Wren  _____  S
    Henicorhina leucophrys

  188. Long-tailed Mockingbird  (ph)  _____  W,IP,S
    Mimus longicaudatus albogriseus 
    (subspecies in mainland Ecuador)
    Mimus longicaudatus platensis 
    (subspecies endemic to the island Isla de la Plata)

  189. Ecuadorian Thrush  (ph)  _____  W,S
    Turdus maculirostris

  190. Tropical Gnatcatcher  ______  W,S  
    Polioptila plumbea

  191. House Sparrow  (ECi)  ______  W
    Passer domesticus

  192. Saffron Siskin  (t3)  _____  W
    (has been Carduelis) siemiradzkii

    The Saffron Siskin has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  193. Orange-bellied Euphonia  _____  S
    Euphonia xanthogaster

  194. Thick-billed Euphonia  _____  W,S
    Euphonia lannirostris

  195. Tropical Parula  _____  W,S
    (formerly Parula) pitiayumi

  196. Mangrove Warbler  (ph)  _____  W
    (formerly Dendroica) erithachorides

  197. Olive-crowned Yellowthroat  _____  W
    Geothlypis semiflava   

  198. Slate-throated Whitestart  _____  S
    Myioborus miniatus

  199. Gray-and-gold Warbler  _____  W,S
    Basileuterus fraseri

  200. Buff-rumped Warbler  _____  S
    Basileuterus fulvicauda

  201. Shiny Cowbird  ______  W,S
    Molothrus bonariensis

  202. Yellow-rumped Cacique  ______  W,S
    Cacicus cela

  203. Yellow-billed Cacique  _____  S
    Amblycercus solitarius

  204. Scrub Blackbird  ______  W,S
    Dives warazewiczi 

  205. Great-tailed Grackle  (ph)  _____  W
    Quiscalus mexicanus

  206. White-edged Oriole  _____  W
    Icterus graceannae

  207. Yellow-tailed Oriole  _____  W,S
    Icterus mesomelas

  208. Peruvian Meadowlark  (ph)  ______  W,IP,S
    Sturnella bellicosa

  209. Bananaquit  (ph)  _____  S
    Coereba flaveola intermedias

  210. Green Honeycreeper  (ph)  _____  S
    Chlorophanes spiza

  211. Yellow-tufted Dacnis  _____  S
    Dacnis egregia

  212. Golden Tanager  (ph)  _____  S
    Tangara arthus 

  213. Blue-necked Tanager  (ph)  _____  S
    Tangara cyanicollis cyanopygia 
    (this subspecies, in western Ecuador, endemic to the country)   

  214. Bay-headed Tanager  (ph)  _____  S
    Tangara gyrola

  215. Beryl-spangled Tanager  _____  S
    Tangara nigroviridis

  216. Blue-gray Tanager  (ph)  ______  W,S
    Thraupis episcopus

  217. Palm Tanager  ______  S
    Thraupis palmarum

  218. Lemon-rumped Tanager  _____  W,S
    Ramphocelus icteronotus

  219. Tooth-billed Tanager  _____  W,S
    Piranga lutea

    The Tooth-billed Tanager was part of the now more-northerly Hepatic Tanager.

  220. White-shouldered  Tanager  _____  S
    Tachyphonus luctuosus

  221. Common Bush Tanager  _____  S
    Chlorospingus ophthalmicus

  222. Variable Seedeater  _____  W,S
    Sporophila aurita 

  223. Yellow-bellied Seedeater  _____  S
    Sporophila nigricollis

  224. Parrot-billed Seedeater  _____  W
    Sporophila peruviana

  225. Blue-black Grassquit ______  S
    Volatinia jacarina 

  226. Lesser Seed Finch  _____  S
    Oryzoborus angolensis funereus

  227. Saffron Finch  (ph)  _____  S
    Sicalis flaveola

  228. Orange-billed Sparrow  _____  S
    Arremon aurantiirostris

  229. Black-capped Sparrow  _____  W
    Arremon abeillei

  230. Black-striped Sparrow  _____  S
    Arremonops conirostris

  231. Collared Warbling Finch  (ph)  _____  W,IP
    Poospiza hiuspaniolensis 

  232. Buff-throated Saltator  (ph)  ______  W,S
    Saltator atriceps

  233. Streaked Saltator  (ph)  _____  W
    Saltator striatipectus flavidicollis
      (a subspecies in lowland western Ecuador, unstreaked as adults) 

  234. Southern Yellow Grosbeak  (ph)  _____  IP
    Pheucticus chrysogaster 

  235. Blue-black Grosbeak  ______  S
    Cyanocompsa cyanoides

    To Top of Page