PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876 

Website:  www.focusonnature.com



from Quails to Becard

including those
during Focus On Nature Tours
noted with an (*) 

1993 thru 2015

during the months of January, 
 July, August, & September

including Southern Arizona Specialties
(and some birds in nearby New Mexico) 

Part 1 of a List of Arizona Birds with some photos, 
compiled by Armas Hill

Link to: 
Part 2 of this List of Arizona Birds, from Flycatchers to Buntings

293 species of birds have cumulatively been seen during FONT Arizona tours.  

1 of 14 species of hummingbirds seen during FONT tours in Arizona.
We've seen the ANNA'S HUMMINGBIRD in Arizona in the summer and the winter.
(photo by Howard Eskin)


GC:  has occurred in the area of the Grand Canyon
  in nearby New Mexico
a southern Arizona specialty (usually common in Mexico) 

jan:  during FONT tours in January
jul:   during FONT tours in July  
aug: during FONT tours in August
sep: during FONT tours in September

S:  occurs most commonly in the summer
W: occurs most commonly in the winter
S/W:  year-round
W/S:  year-round, more commonly in the winter

(USe):     endemic to the USA 
(USqe):   quasi (or nearly) endemic to the USA
(USneb): near-endemic breeder in the USA
(NAi):      species introduced into North America

(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
(t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally

(AZr): rare in Arizona
(AZl): local in Arizona

(NAr): rare in North America
(i):   introduced species in North America

(ph):   species with a photo in the FONT website


Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Arizona    Upcoming FONT Tours Elsewhere

FONT Past Tour Highlights    Photo Galleries & Narratives from past FONT tours  

A Complete List (with some photos) of North American Birds, north of Mexico, in 6 parts:
Part #1: Grouse to Anhinga    Part #2: Condor to Shorebirds     Part #3: Jaegers to Cuckoos  
Part #4: Owls to Flycatchers    Part #5: Shrikes to Pipits    Part #6: Olive Warbler to Buntings   

Other Lists & Photo Galleries of:    
Arizona Mammals      Arizona Amphibians & Reptiles

Arizona Butterflies, Dragonflies & Damselfies, and Grasshoppers  (with some photos) 

Plants in the Arizona Desert & in some nearby habitats

Directory of Photos in this Website


  1. Scaled Quail  (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  nm
    Callipepla squamata pallida

  2. Gambel's Quail  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Callipepla g. gambelii 
    (subspecies in most of AZ)
    Callipepla gambelii fulvipectus 
    (subspecies in the vicinity of the Chiricahua Mtns; darker than nominate)

    Gambel's Quail
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  3. "Masked" Bobwhite  (NAr) (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  jul,aug  (a rare, distinctive form of the Northern Bobwhite) (extirpated from AZ a long time ago; re-introduced from wild stock in Mexico, where this race has a limited & diminished geographic range) 
    Colinus virginianus ridgwayi

  4. Montezuma Quail  (*)  ______  S/W  jul,aug  (another name has been Harlequin Quail)  
    Cyrtonyx montezumae mearnsi 
    (this subspecies, the
    "Mearn's Quail", in northwest Mexico & the southwest US) 

  5. Dusky Grouse  (ph)  ______  GC(north rim)
    Dendragapus obscurus

  6. Wild Turkey  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul  GC  (restocked in much of AZ range)
    Meleagris gallopavo merriami  (most AZ birds apparently this subspecies) 

  7. Common Pheasant (i)  ______   GC
    Phasianus colchicus
  8. Black-bellied Whistling Duck  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W  jul  (another name has been Black-bellied Tree Duck) 
    Dendrocygna a. autumnalis

    Black-bellied Whistling Duck
    (Photo by Howard Eskin)

  9. Fulvous Whistling Duck  (AZr)  ______  (another name has been Fulvous Tree Duck)
    Dendrocygna bicolor

  10. Tundra Swan ______  W  GC
    Cygnus columbianus

  11. Greater White-fronted Goose  ______ W
    Anser albifrons

  12. Snow Goose  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    (formerly Anser) caerulescens

  13. Ross's Goose  (*)  _____  W  jan
    (formerly Anser) rossii

  14. Brant Goose (AZr) (ph)  ______  W  (has been simply Brant, or "Black Brant")
    Branta bernicla nigricans

  15. Canada Goose  (*)  ______  W  aug  GC
    Branta canadensis

  16. Cackling Goose  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Branta hutchinsii

  17. Wood Duck  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug
    Aix sponsa 

  18. Mallard  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Anas platyrhynchos

  19. Mexican Duck  (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  (has been a subspecies of the Mallard)
    (has been a subspecies of the Mallard)
    Anas diazi

  20. Northern Pintail  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan,aug,sep  GC
    Anas acuta

  21. Cinnamon Teal  (*) ______  W/S  jul,sep  GC
    Anas cyanoptera septentrionalium

  22. Blue-winged Teal  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  aug  GC
    Anas discors 

  23. Green-winged Teal  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jan,aug,sep  GC  (now considered a species distinct from the Eurasian Teal, Anas crecca
    Anas carolinensis

  24. Northern Shoveler  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan,aug,sep  GC
    Anas clypeata 

  25. Gadwall  (ph)  ______  W/S  GC
    Anas strepera

  26. American Wigeon  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan  GC
    Anas americana 

  27. Eurasian Wigeon  (AZr) (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Anas penelope

  28. Canvasback  ______  W/S  GC
    Aythya valisineria

  29. Redhead  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  aug  GC
    Aythya americana 

    A female Redhead
    (photo by Kim Steininger)
  30. Ring-necked Duck  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Aythya collaris

  31. Greater Scaup  ______  W
    Aythya marila

  32. Lesser Scaup  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan,jul,sep  GC
    Aythya affinis 

  33. Long-tailed Duck  (AZr) (ph)  ______  W
    Clangula hyemalis

  34. Black Scoter  (AZr) (ph)  ______  W  (was conspecific with the Common Scoter of Europe)    
    Melanitta americana 

  35. Surf Scoter  (AZr) (ph)  ______  GC
    Melanitta perspicillata

  36. White-winged Scoter  ______  GC  (was conspecific with the Velvet Scoter, Melanitta fusca of Europe)
    Melanitta deglandi

  37. Common Goldeneye  ______  W  GC
    Bucephala clangula

  38. Barrow's Goldeneye  (AZr) ______  W
    Bucephala islandica

  39. Bufflehead  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Bucephala albeola

  40. Hooded Merganser  (ph)  _____ W  GC
    (formerly Mergus) cucullatus   

  41. Common Merganser  (ph) (*) ______  W  jan  GC
    Mergus merganser americanus

  42. Red-breasted Merganser  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Mergus serrator

  43. Ruddy Duck  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Oxyura j. jamaicensis

  44. Red-throated Loon  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    Gavia stellata

  45. Pacific Loon  (AZr) (ph)   ______  W
    Gavia pacifica 

  46. Common Loon  ______  W  GC  (another name is Great Northern Diver, in Europe)
    Gavia immer

  47. Least Grebe  (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul
    (formerly Podiceps) dominicus bangsi

    Least Grebe
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  48. Pied-billed Grebe  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan,jul,aug  GC
    Podilymbus p. podiceps

  49. Horned Grebe  (ph)  ______  W
    Podiceps auritus cornutus

  50. Eared Grebe  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  aug,sep  GC  (also called Black-necked Grebe)
    Podiceps nigricollis californicus

    Eared Grebe
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  51. Western Grebe  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Aechmophorus occidentalis sphemeralis

  52. Clark's Grebe  (*)  ______  W  aug
    Aechmophorus c. clarkii

  53. Wood Stork  (AZr) (ph)  ______  GC    
    Mycteria americana 

  54. White-faced Ibis  (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Plegadis chichi 

    White-faced Ibis

  55. Roseate Spoonbill  (AZr) (ph)  ______  S
    (formerly Ajaia) ajaja  (monotypic)

  56. American Bittern  (ph) (*) ______  W  jan  GC
    Botaurus lentiginosus

  57. Least Bittern  (ph) (*)  ______  S
    Ixobrychus e. exilis

  58. Great Blue Heron  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Ardea herodias fannini 
    (treganzai merged)

  59. Great Egret  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jul,aug,sep  GC
    (has been Ardea) alba egretta

  60. Little Blue Heron  (ph)  ______  S
    Egretta caerulea 

  61. Snowy Egret  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  aug,sep  GC
    Egretta thula brewsteri

  62. Tricolored Heron  (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  S  aug  (was at one time called Louisiana Heron)
    Egretta tricolor occidentalis

    Tricolored Heron
    (photo by Kim Steininger)
  63. Western Cattle Egret  (ph) (*) ______  W  GC
    Bubulcus ibis

    The Western Cattle Egret is in Europe, Africa, and the Americas. The Eastern Cattle Egret, Bubulcis coromandus, is in eastern Asia.  

  64. Green Heron  (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul.aug,sep  GC  (was for a time considered conspecific with the nearly-cosmopolitan Striated Heron, and was then called Green-backed Heron)  
    Butorides virescens anthonyi

  65. Black-crowned Night Heron  (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Nycticorax nycticorax hoactli

  66. Yellow-crowned Night Heron  (AZr) (ph)  ______  
    Nyctanassa v. violacea

  67. Red-billed Tropicbird  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    Phaethon aethereus

  68. Magnificent Frigatebird  (AZr) (ph)  ______  GC
    Fregata magnificens

  69. American White Pelican  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Pelecanus erythrorhynchos 

  70. Brown Pelican  (AZr) (ph) (*)  ______  S  jul,aug  GC
    Pelecanus occidentalis californicus 
    (subspecies from west Mexico)

  71. Double-crested Cormorant  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  aug  GC
    Phalacrocorax auritus albociliatus

  72. Neotropic Cormorant  (ph)  ______  W  (was called Olivaceous Cormorant)
    Phalacrocorax brasilianus mexicanus

  73. Anhinga  (AZr) (ph)  ______  
    Anhinga anhinga leucogaster 

  74. California Condor  (t1) (ph) (*)   ______  S/W  aug  GC
    Gymnogyps californianus

    A California Condor in Arizona. With it, a Northern Raven.

    In 1992, 63 California Condors existed in captivity. A few were released that year into the wild. 8 young birds were returned to California, but within a couple years, half had perished from collisions with power lines, shooting, or poisoning.

    In the fall of 1996, 6 young condors were taken to a holding pen atop Vermilion Cliffs near Page, Arizona. After several weeks of feeding them stillborn calf carcasses, they were released. 
    From their release site, they wandered through the Monument Valley and Grand Canyon in northern Arizona, Bryce Canyon in Utah, Mesa Verde in Colorado, and as far north as Flaming Gorge in southwestern Wyoming.
    Condor releases have continued about annually in northern Arizona.

    In 2003, the Arizona condor population produced its first wild offspring in the Grand Canyon. A number of the birds, in that area, during the summer of 2006 traveled north to Utah to reside in hills near Zion National Park, but in the winter they returned to Arizona, where food was always available for them..
    By March 2009, the number of wild-living condors in Arizona and southern Utah reached 75. In May of that year, the Peregrine Fund reported on its website that there were 358 California Condors. 189 of them were wild birds in California, Arizona, and elsewhere in the US, and in Baja California in Mexico. 169 of them were in captivity, including those in zoos, maintained for breeding purposes, or pending release.

  75. Turkey Vulture  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Cathartes a. aura 
    (subspecies a summer resident in AZ, except north)
    Cathartes aura meridionalis 
    (subspecies arrives in AZ about late Aug, winters) 

  76. Black Vulture  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jul,aug
    Coragyps atratus 
    (now said to be monotypic) (the single member of its genus)

    Black Vulture

  77. Northern Crested Caracara  (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul  (formerly conspecific with what's now the Southern Crested Caracara in South America, south of the Amazon) 
    Caracara cheriway 

    Northern Crested Caracara
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  78. American Kestrel  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Falco s. sparverius

    A male American Kestrel
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  79. Merlin  (ph) (*) ______  W  GC
    Falco columbarius 
    (2 subspecies in AZ: F. c. bendirei (darker) & F. c. richardsonii (paler)) 

  80. Peregrine Falcon  (ph) (*) ______ W/S
    Falco peregrinus anatum

  81. Prairie Falcon  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,aug  GC
    Falco mexicanus 

    Prairie Falcon
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  82. Osprey  (ph) (*)  _____  S  aug  GC
    Pandion haliaetus

  83. White-tailed Kite  (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  S  aug,sep  nm
    Elanus leucurus majusculus

  84. Mississippi Kite  (AZl) (*) ______  S  jul,aug
    Ictinia mississippiensis 

  85. Bald Eagle  (ph) (*)  ______  W  aug  GC
    Haliaeetus l. leucocephalus

  86. Sharp-shinned Hawk  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Accipiter striatus

  87. Cooper's Hawk  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug  GC
    Accipiter cooperii 

    A female Cooper's Hawk
    (photo by James Scheib)

  88. Northern Goshawk  (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug  GC
    Accipiter gentilis apache 
    (subspecies a resident of southeast AZ mountains) 

  89. Northern Harrier  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan,jul,sep  GC  (conspecific with the Hen Harrier of Eurasia, Circus cyaneus)
    (conspecific with the Hen Harrier of Eurasia, Circus cyaneus)
    Circus cyaneus hudsonius  

  90. Harris's Hawk  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug  (has also been called Bay-winged Hawk)
    Hawk  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug  (has also been called Bay-winged Hawk)
    Parabuteo unicinctus harrisi  (the single member of its genus)

    Harris's Hawk
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  91. Common Black Hawk  (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug
    Buteogallus a. anthracinus

    Common Black Hawk 
    (photo by Dick Tipton)

  92. Gray Hawk  (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug 
    Buteo plagiatus  

    The Gray Hawk was previously merged with the Gray-lined Hawk, Buteo nitidus, of southern Central America and South America.

    An immature Gray Hawk 
    (photo by Danny Leon Cordero)

  93. Swainson's Hawk  (ph) (*) ______  W   jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Buteo swainsoni 

  94. Zone-tailed Hawk  (ph) (*)______  W   jul,aug  GC
    Buteo albonotatus

  95. Short-tailed Hawk  (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,sep  (some now occur in southeast AZ, having come from Mexico)
    Buteo brachyurus fuliginosus  

  96. Red-tailed Hawk  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Buteo jamaicensis calurus 
    (subspecies winters, & some year-round)
    Buteo jamaicensis fuertesi 
    (subspecies in southeast AZ)

    A dark morph of the Red-tailed Hawk, photographed during a FONT Arizona tour.
    This subspecies is the "Western Red-tailed Hawk",
    Buteo jamaicensis calurus. 
    It winters south into central Mexico. Other subspecies of the
    Red-tailed Hawk 
    further south, in Central America, are also dark.

  97. Ferruginous Hawk  (nt) (ph) (*) ______  W  jan  GC
    Buteo regalis

    Two photographs of Ferruginous Hawks
    Upper: an juvenile  (photographed by Ed Kendall)
    Lower: an adult  (photographed by Rick Greenspun, during a FONT tour)

  98. Rough-legged Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______  W  jan  GC
    Buteo lagopus

    A light-morph Rough-legged Hawk
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  99. Red-shouldered Hawk  (AZr) (ph)  ______  GC
    Buteo lineatus

  100. Broad-winged Hawk  (AZr)  ______
    Buteo platypterus

  101. White-tailed Hawk  (AZr)  ______ 
    Buteo albicaudatus hypospodius

  102. Golden Eagle  (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug  GC
    Aguila chrysaetos canadensis

  103. Black Rail  (AZr)  ______
    Laterallus jamaicensis

  104. Ridgway's Rail  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    Rallus obsoletus yumanensis

    Until 2014, the Ridgway's Rail was part of the Clapper Rail.

  105. Virginia Rail  (ph) (*)  ______  W  aug,sep  GC
    Rallus limicola

  106. Sora  (*) ______  W/S  jan,aug,sep  GC
    Porzana carolina 

  107. Purple Gallinule (AZr) (ph) (*) ______ 
    Porphyrio martinicus 

  108. Common Gallinule (ph) (*)  ______  W/S  jul,aug  GC
    (ph) (*)  ______  W/S  jul,aug  GC
    Gallinula galeata

  109. American Coot  (ph) (*)  ______  W/S  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Fulica a. americana

  110. Sandhill Crane  (ph) (*) ______  W  jan
    Grus canadensis

  111. Whooping Crane  (AZr)  ______  W  GC
    Grus americana

    Single Whooping Cranes were with Sandhill Cranes near Willcox in Oct 1979 & in De 1980 & Jan 1981; they were presumably raised at Gray's Lake.
  112. Black Oystercatcher  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    Haematopus bachmani

  113. Black-bellied (or Gray) Plover  (ph) (*) ______
    Pluvialis squatarola cynosurae

  114. American Golden Plover  (ph)  ______
    Pluvialis dominica

  115. Snowy Plover  (ph)  ______  S/W
    Charadrius nivosus

    Snowy Plover
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  116. Semipalmated Plover  (ph) (*) ______  S  GC
    Charadrius semipalmatus 

  117. Killdeer  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Charadrius v. vociferus 

  118. Mountain Plover  (ph)  ______  W
    Charadrius montanus

  119. Black-necked Stilt  (ph) (*)  ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC  (was said by some to be conspecific with the Black-winged Stilt of the Old World, Himantopus himantopus
    Himantopus mexicanus

  120. American Avocet  (ph) (*)  ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Recurvirostra americana 

    American Avocet
    (photo by Abram Fleishman)

  121. Greater Yellowlegs  (*) ______  S/W  aug,sep  GC
    Tringa melanoleuca 

  122. Lesser Yellowlegs  (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Tringa flavipes 

  123. Solitary Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  ______ S  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Tringa solitaria

  124. Spotted Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W  jul,aug  GC
    Actitis macularia 

  125. Willet  (ph) (*) ______  S  aug  GC
    (has been Catoptrophorus) semipalmatus inornatus  

  126. Upland Sandpiper  (AZr)  ______ 
    Bartramia longicauda 

  127. "American" Whimbrel  (AZr) (ph) (*) ______
    Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus

  128. Long-billed Curlew (nt) (ph) (*) ______  S/W  sep  GC
    Numenius americanus 
    (2 subspecies occur in AZ: N. a. americanus & N. a. parvus)

  129. Hudsonian Godwit  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    Limosa haemastica

  130. Marbled Godwit  (ph)  ______  S  GC
    Limosa fedoa

  131. Ruddy Turnstone  (AZr) (ph) (*)  ______  S  jul
    Arenaria interpres morinella

  132. Red Knot  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    Calidris canutus rufa

  133. Sanderling  (ph)   ______  S
    Calidris alba

  134. Western Sandpiper  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Calidris mauri 

  135. Semipalmated Sandpiper  (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  S  GC
    Calidris pusilla 

  136. Least Sandpiper  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Calidris minutilla 

  137. White-rumped Sandpiper  (AZr) (ph)  ______  S
    Calidris fuscicollis

  138. Baird's Sandpiper  (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep
    Calidris bairdii 

  139. Pectoral Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  ______  S  aug  GC
    Calidris melanotos 

  140. Dunlin  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Calidris alpina

  141. Stilt Sandpiper  (ph) (*) ______  S  aug
    (formerly Micropalama) himantopus  (monotypic)

  142. Short-billed Dowitcher  (ph)  ______  S
    Limnodromus griseus

  143. Long-billed Dowitcher  (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug  GC
    Limnodromus scolopaceus 
    (now monotypic)

  144. Wilson's Snipe  (ph) (*) ______  W  GC  (was conspecific with the Common Snipe of the Old World, Gallinago gallinago) 
    Gallinago delicata 

  145. American Woodcock  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    Scolopax minor

  146. Wilson's Phalarope  (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Phalaropus tricolor 

  147. Red-necked Phalarope  (ph)  ______  S  GC
    Phalaropus lobatus

  148. Red Phalarope  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    Phalaropus fulicaria

  149. Long-tailed Jaeger  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    Stercorarius longicaudus

  150. Laughing Gull  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Larus) atricilla

  151. Franklin's Gull  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Larus) pipixcan  (monotypic)

  152. Bonaparte's Gull  (ph)  ______  W/S  GC
    (formerly Larus) philadelphiusa

  153. Heermann's Gull  (AZr) (ph)  ______  
    Larus heermanni 

    Heermann's Gull
    (photo by Armas Hill)

  154. Ring-billed Gull  (ph) (*) ______  jul  GC
    Larus delawarensis 

  155. California Gull  (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  GC
    Larus c. californicus

  156. "American" Herring Gull  (AZr)  ______  GC
    Larus argentatus smithsonianus

  157. Thayer's Gull  (AZr)  ______
    Larus thayeri

  158. Sabine's Gull  (AZr) (ph)  ______  GC
    Xema sabini

  159. Gull-billed Tern  (AZr) ______ 
    (formerly Sterna) nilotica vanrossemi

  160. Common Tern  ______  S
    Sterna h. hirundo

  161. Arctic Tern  (AZr)  ______
    Sterna paradisaea  

  162. Forster's Tern  (ph) (*) ______  S  GC
    Sterna forsteri 

    Forster's Tern
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  163. Caspian Tern  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Sterna) caspia  (monotypic)

  164. Royal Tern  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Sterna) m. maxima 

  165. Elegant Tern (nt) (AZr) (*) ______  jul
    (formerly Sterna) elegans  (monotypic)

  166. Least Tern  (AZr)  ______  S
    Sternula antillarum 

  167. Black Tern  (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,sep  GC
    Chlidonias niger surinamensis

    A Black Tern, in non-breeding plumage,
    as in Arizona in July & August
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  168. Common (or Feral) Pigeon (NAi)  (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Columba livia

  169. Band-tailed Pigeon  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  GC
    (formerly Columba) f. fasciata

    Band-tailed Pigeon
    (photo by Fred Lesser)
  170. Eurasian Collared-Dove (i) (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep
    Streptopella d. decapcto

  171. White-winged Dove  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep  nm
    Zenaida asiatica mearnsi

    White-winged Dove
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  172. Mourning Dove  (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Zenaida aurita marginella

  173. Inca Dove  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug  GC
    (or said by some to be Scardafella) inca  (monotypic)

    Inca Doves
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  174. Common Ground Dove  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug  GC
    Columbina passerina pallescens

  175. Ruddy Ground Dove  (AZr) ______
    Columbina taipacoti

  176. White-tipped Dove  (AZr)  ______
    Leptotila verreauxi

  177. Thick-billed Parrot  (NAr) (AZr)  ______  (occurred formerly in Arizona)
    Rhynchopsitta pachyhyncha

    Thick-billed Parrots
    were visitants from Mexico to montane coniferous forests in southern Arizona. There were no confirmed sightings in Arizona of wild birds from Mexico after 1938.   

  178. Rosy-faced Lovebird  (i) (ph)  ______  S/W  sep  (also called Peach-faced Lovebird
    Agapornis roseicollis

    Rosy-faced Lovebirds photographed in Phoenix during a FONT tour in August 2010
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  179. Yellow-billed Cuckoo  (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Coccyzus minor 

  180. Black-billed Cuckoo (AZr)  ______
    Coccyzus erythropthalmus

  181. Groove-billed Ani  (AZr) (ph)  ______  GC
    Crotophaga sulcirostris

  182. Greater Roadrunner  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Geococcyx californianus 

    Two photos of the Greater Roadrunner
    (upper photo by Howard Eskin; lower photo by Doris Potter)

  183. Barn Owl  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug
    Tyto alba pratincola

  184. Western Screech Owl  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   aug  GC
    (formerly Otus) kennicottii  (more than 1 subspecies in AZ)
    Megascops kennicotti cineraceus 
    (subspecies in southeast AZ mountains)
    Megascops kennicotti gilmani 
    (subspecies in southern AZ deserts & foothills) 

    Western Screech Owl
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  185. Whiskered Screech Owl  (*) ______  S/W   (in Arizona, gray morph only, no red)
    Megascops (formerly) Otus trichopsis asperus 

  186. Great Horned Owl  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug  GC
    Bubo virginianus pallescens 

    A Great Horned Owl as seen during the FONT tour in Arizona in August 2008

  187. Ferruginous Pygmy Owl  (AZr) (ph)  ______  S/W
    Glaucidium brasilianum cactorum

    Ferruginous Pygmy Owl
    (photo by Dick Tipton)

  188. Mountain Pygmy Owl (*) ______  S/W  jul  (has been part of the Northern Pygmy Owl; occurs in the oak woods of southeast Arizona)
    Glaucidium gnoma    

  189. Northern Pygmy Owl ______  S/W  GC  (occurs in most of Arizona)
    Glaucidium californicum   

  190. Elf Owl  (*) ______  S  jul,aug
    Micrathene w. whitneyi 
    (the single member of its genus)

  191. Flamulated Owl  (*) ______  S  jul  GC
    (formerly Otus) flammeolus  (monotypic)

  192. "Mexican" Spotted Owl  (nt) (ph) (*)______  S/W   jul  sas   
    Strix occidentalis lucida 
    (S. l. huachucae no longer valid)

    A young "Mexican" Spotted Owl,
    photographed during a FONT tour in Arizona

  193. Burrowing Owl  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    Athene cunicularia hypugaea

    Burrowing Owl

  194. Northern Long-eared Owl  (ph)  ______   W/S  GC
    Asio otus wilsonianus

  195. Short-eared Owl  (ph)  ______  W
    Asio f. flammeus

  196. Northern Saw-whet Owl  (ph)  ______  S/W  GC
    Aegolius a. acadicus    

  197. Common Nighthawk  (*) ______  S  jul,aug  GC
    Chordeiles minor 
    (more than 1 subspecies in AZ)
    Chordeiles minor henryi 
    (breeding subspecies in AZ)
    Chordeiles minor hesperis 
    (the most common migrant subspecies in AZ)
    Chordeiles minor howelli 
    (records of this subspecies also in AZ) 

  198. Lesser Nighthawk  (*) ______  S  jul,aug  GC
    Chlordeiles acutipennis texensis

  199. Common Poorwill  (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug  GC
    Phalaenoptilus n. nuttallii

  200. Buff-collared Nightjar ______  S
    (formerly Caprimulgus) ridgwayi

  201. Mexican Whip-poor-will  (*) ______  S  jul  GC
    (formerly Caprimulgus) arizonae

  202. White-throated Swift  (*) ______  jul,aug  GC
    Aeronautes s. saxatalis

  203. American Black Swift  (AZr)  ______  S
    Cypseloides niger

  204. Vaux's Swift  ______  S  GC
    Chaetura vauxi

  205. Chimney Swift  (AZr)  ______  
    Chaetura pelagica

  206. Broad-billed Hummingbird  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  
    Cynanthus latirostris magicus

    Two photographs of Broad-billed Hummingbirds
    (the above photo by Doris Potter, during a FONT Arizona tour in 2008;
     the photo below by Larry O'Meallie)   

  207. Berylline Hummingbird (AZr) (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  sas
    Amazilia beryllina viola

  208. White-eared Hummingbird (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  sas
    Basilinna leucotis borealis 
    (formerly genus Hylocharis)

  209. Violet-crowned Hummingbird (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep   sas  
    Amazilia violiceps ellioti

    Above & below: Violet-crowned Hummingbirds photographed during FONT tours.
    Above: A bird at its nest. Below: Another at a feeder during our August 2010 Tour. 


  210. Blue-throated Mountaingem  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  (has been called Blue-throated Hummingbird
    Lampornis clemenciae bessophilus 
    (the nominate race said to be restricted to the Chisos Mtns of Texas)

    A Blue-throated Mountain-gem, photographed
    during a FONT tour in Arizona

  211. "Rivoli's" Magnificent  Hummingbird  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Eugenes fulgens

    The "Rivoli's" subspecies of the Magnificent Hummingbird
    (photo by Larry O'Meallie)
  212. Lucifer Hummingbird  (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug  (has been called Lucifer Sheartail)
    Calothorax lucifer  (monotypic)

    Lucifer Hummingbirds photographed during a FONT tour in Arizona
    Above: a male; below: a female.  

  213. Black-chinned Hummingbird  (ph) (*)______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  GC
    Archilochus alexandri 

    Photos below of Black-chinned Hummingbirds,
    a male
    (upper) & a female (lower)

  214. Anna's Hummingbird  (ph) (*) ______  W/S   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Calypte anna 

    Anna's Hummingbird
    (photo above of a male, by Larry O'Meallie:
    photo below of a female at its nest with young, by Howard Eskin)

    A Costa's-Anna's hybrid was seen during a FONT Arizona tour in August 2010. 

  215. Costa's Hummingbird  (ph) (*) ______  W/S   jul,aug,sep  GC
    Calypte costae 

    Costa's Hummingbird
    (upper photo by Howard Eskin; lower photo by Larry O'Meallie)


  216. Calliope Hummingbird  (ph) (*) ______  S   jul,aug,sep  GC
    (formerly Stellula) calliope  (now monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

    Two photos of Calliope Hummingbirds
    (the upper photo by Doris Potter during the FONT Arizona tour in 2008)

  217. Broad-tailed Hummingbird  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  GC
    Selasphorus platycercus 
    (now monotypic)

    Two photos of Broad-tailed Hummingbirds
    Above: an adult male  (photo by Larry O'Meallie)
    Below: an immature male  (photo by Doris Potter, 
    during the FONT tour in Arizona in August 2008) 

  218. Rufous Hummingbird  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  GC
    Selasphorus rufus 

    An immature female Rufous Hummingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  219. Allen's Hummingbird  (ph) (*) ______  S   jul,aug
    Selasphorus s. sasin 
    (AZ specimens have been the smaller nominate race; the other subspecies occurs on offshore California islands)

    An adult female Allen's Hummingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  220. Plain-capped Starthroat  (AZr)  ______  S
    Heliomaster constantii

  221. Eared Quetzal  (AZr)  ______  S/W
    Euptilotis neoxenus

    The Eared Quetzal was first found in southern Arizona in the Chiricahua Mountains in 1977.

  222. Elegant Trogon  (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug  sas  (the race in AZ, & in North America, was formerly called the Coppery-tailed Trogon
    Trogon elegans canescens

  223. Belted Kingfisher  (ph) (*) ______  W  GC
    (formerly Ceryle) alcyon  (monotypic)

  224. Green Kingfisher  (ph) (*) ______  W/S   jul
    Chloroceryle americana hachisukai

  225. Lewis's Woodpecker  ______  W  GC
    Melanerpes lewis

  226. Acorn Woodpecker  (ph) (*) ______  S/W    jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Melanerpes f. formicivorus 
    (M. formicivorus aculeatus no longer valid) 

    Acorn Woodpecker
    (photo by Armas Hill)

  227. Gila Woodpecker  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC  sas
    Melanerpes u. uropygialis

    Gila Woodpecker
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  228. Red-naped Sapsucker  (ph) (*) ______  W   jan
    Sphyrapicus nuchalis

    Red-naped Sapsucker
    (photo by Rick Greenspun)

  229. Yellow-bellied Sapsucker  (AZr) (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Sphyrapicus varius 

  230. Red-breasted Sapsucker  (AZr)  ______  W  GC
    Sphyrapicus ruber daggetti

  231. Williamson's Sapsucker  (AZr)  ______  W  GC
    Sphyrapicus thyroideus

  232. Ladder-backed Woodpecker  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Picoides (formerly Dendrocopos) scalaris cactophilus

    Ladder-backed Woodpecker
    (photo by Howad Eskin)

  233. Hairy Woodpecker  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    (formerly Dendrocopos) villosus icastus

  234. Arizona Woodpecker  (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  sas (was conspecific with the Strickland's Woodpecker, Picoides stricklandi, of central Mexico)
    (formerly Dendrocopos) a. arizonae 
    (another subspecies of the Arizona Woodpecker is in west Mexico)

  235. American Three-toed Woodpecker  ______  GC
    Picoides dorsalis

  236. Gilded Flicker  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,sep  sas
    Colaptes chrysoides mearnsi

    Gilded Flicker
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  237. "Red-shafted" Northern Flicker  (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Colaptes auratus collaris

  238. Rose-throated Becard (NAr) (AZr) (*) ______  S   jul  sas
    Pachyramphus aglaiae albiventris

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