PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876



from Flycatchers to Buntings

noting those
during Focus On Nature Tours
noted with an (*) 

1993 thru 2015

during the months of January, 
July, August, and September

including Southern Arizona Specialties 
(and some birds in nearby New Mexico) 

Part 2 of a List of Arizona Birds with some photos,
compiled by Armas Hill 

Part 1 of this List of Arizona Birds, from Quails to Becard

293 species of birds have cumulatively been seen during FONT Arizona tours. 

(photo by Howard Eskin)


GC:   has occurred in the area of the Grand Canyon    
  in nearby New Mexico
  a southern Arizona specialty (usually common in Mexico) 

jan:  during FONT tours in January
jul:   during FONT tours in July  
aug: during FONT tours in August
sep: during FONT tours in September

S:      occurs most commonly in the summer
W:     occurs most commonly in the winter
S/W: occurs year-round
W/S: occurs year-round, most commonly in the winter 

(USe):     endemic to the USA 
(USqe):   quasi (or nearly) endemic to the USA
(USneb): near-endemic breeder in the USA
(NAi):      species introduced into North America

(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
(t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally

(AZr): rare in Arizona
(AZl): local in Arizona

(NAr): rare in North America
(i):  introduced species in North America

(ph):  species with a photo on the FONT website 


Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Arizona, & elsewhere in North America

A Complete List (with some photos) of North American Birds, north of Mexico, in 6 parts:
Part #1: Grouse to Anhinga     Part #2: Condor to Shorebirds     Part #3: Jaegers to Cuckoos  
Part #4: Owls to Flycatchers     Part #5: Shrikes to Pipits     Part #6: Olive Warbler to Buntings  

Other Lists & Photo Galleries of:    
Arizona Mammals     Arizona Amphibians & Reptiles 

Arizona Butterflies, Moths, Dragonflies & Damselflies, Grasshoppers

Plants of the Desert & Some Nearby Habitats

Directory of Photos in this Website


  1. Northern Beardless Tyrannulet  (*) ______  S/W  jul  sas
    Camptostoma imberbe

  2. Greater Pewee  (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  sas  (was at one time called Coues' Flycatcher)
    Contopus pertinax 
    C. musicus)

  3. Olive-sided Flycatcher  (nt) (*) ______   S  aug  GC
    Contopus cooperi 

  4. Western Wood Pewee  (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Contopus sordidulus 
    (2 subspecies occur in the western US: C. s. veliei & C. s. saturatus)

  5. Eastern Wood Pewee  (AZr)  ______
    Contopus virens

  6. Cordilleran Flycatcher  (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  (was called Western Flycatcher when considered conspecific with what's now the Pacific Slope Flycatcher, Empidonax difficilis)
    Empidonax occidentalis

  7. Pacific-slope Flycatcher  ______  GC
    Empidonax difficilis

  8. Willow Flycatcher  (*) ______  S  aug
    Empidonax traillii extimus 
    (breeding race in AZ)
    Empidonax traillii brewsteri 
    (abundant transient in so AZ) 

  9. Dusky Flycatcher  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  GC
    Empidonax oberholseri 

    Dusky Flycatcher
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  10. Gray Flycatcher  (*) ______  W/S  aug  GC
    Empidonax wrightii 

  11. Buff-breasted Flycatcher  (*)______  S  jul,aug  sas
    Empidonax fulvifrons pygmaeus

  12. Hammond's Flycatcher  (*)  ______  W  sep  GC
    Empidonax hammondii 

  13. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher  (AZr)  ______
    Empidonax flaviventris

  14. Acadian Flycatcher  (AZr)  ______
    Empidonax virescens 

  15. Black Phoebe  (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Sayornis nigricans semiatra

  16. Say's Phoebe  (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Sayornis s. saya

  17. Eastern Phoebe  (AZr)  ______  W
    Sayornis phoebe

  18. Vermilion Flycatcher  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Pyrocephalus rubinus mexicanus 
    (the single member of its genus)

    Vermilion Flycatchers; male above, female below
    (upper photo by Howard Eskin; lower photo by Marie Gardner)

  19. Dusky-capped Flycatcher  (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug  sas  (formerly called Olivaceous Flycatcher)
    Myiarchus tuberculifer olivascens

    Dusky-capped Flycatcher
    (photo by Dick Tipton)

  20. Ash-throated Flycatcher  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Myiarchus c. cinerascens

    Ash-throated Flycatcher
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  21. Brown-crested Flycatcher  (*) ______  S  jul,aug  GC  (formerly called Wied's Crested Flycatcher)
    (formerly called Wied's Crested Flycatcher)
    Myiarchus tyrannulus magister

  22. Great Crested Flycatcher  (AZr) (ph)  ______  S
    Myiarchus crinitus 

  23. Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher  (*) ______  S  jul,aug  sas
    Myiodynastes luteiventris 

  24. Cassin's Kingbird  (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Tyrannus v. vociferans

  25. Western Kingbird  (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Tyrannus verticalis 

    Western Kingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  26. Tropical Kingbird  (NAr) (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  sas
    Tyrannus melancholicus satrapa

    Tropical Kingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  27. Thick-billed Kingbird  (NAr) (*) ______  S  jul,aug  sas
    Tyrannus crassirostris pompalis

  28. Eastern Kingbird  (AZr) (ph)   ______  S  GC
    Tyrannus tyrannus

  29. Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  S
    Tyrannus forticatus 

    Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  30. Great Kiskadee  (AZr) (ph)  ______  
    Pitangus sulphuratus

  31. Loggerhead Shrike  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug  GC  nm
    Lanius ludovicianus excubitorides

  32. Northern Shrike  (AZr) (ph)  ______  GC  (another name is Great Gray Shrike)
    Lanius excubitor   

  33. White-eyed Vireo  (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  S  aug
    Vireo griseus micrus 
    (closest subspecies to Arizona is in S Texas & NE Mexico)

    White-eyed Vireo
    (photo by Dick Tipton)

  34. Bell's Vireo  (*) ______  S  jul,aug  GC
    Vireo bellii arizonae

  35. Black-capped Vireo  (AZr) (phj  ______
    Vireo atricapillus

  36. Yellow-throated Vireo  (AZr) (*) ______  S  aug,sep
    Vireo flavifrons

  37. Plumbeous Vireo  (*) ______  S/W  GC   jul,aug  (was conspecific with the Cassin's Vireo and the  Blue-headed Vireo; when so, it was called the Solitary Vireo) 
    Vireo plumbeus 

  38. Cassin's Vireo ______   (was conspecific with the Plumbeous Vireo and the Blue-headed Vireo; when so, it was called the Solitary Vireo)  
    Vireo cassini

  39. Gray Vireo  (*) ______  S/W  jul  GC
    Vireo vicinior

  40. Hutton's Vireo  (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep
    Vireo huttoni stephensi 
    (a pale large subspecies)

  41. Warbling Vireo  (*) ______  S  sep  GC
    Vireo gilvus brewsteri 
    (breeding race in AZ)
    Vireo gilvus swainsonii 
    (common migrant race) 
    Vireo gilvus leucopolius 
    (less common in AZ)

  42. Philadelphia Vireo  (AZr)  ______  GC
    Vireo philadelphicus

  43. Red-eyed Vireo  (AZr)  ______  GC
    Vireo olivaceus

  44. Yellow-green Vireo  (AZr)  ______
    Vireo flavoviridis

  45. Steller's Jay  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    Cyanocitta stelleri diademata

  46. Western Scrub Jay  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    Aphelocoma californica woodhouseii

    Western Scrub Jay
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  47. Mexican Jay  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  (has also been called Gray-breasted Jay)
    Aphelocoma ultramarinam arizonae

    Mexican Jay

  48. Pinyon Jay  (*)  ______  W  aug  GC
    Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

  49. Clark's Nutcracker  ______  W  GC
    Nucifraga columbiana

  50. Black-billed Magpie  (ph)  ______  GC
    Pica hudsonia

  51. American Crow  (*)  ______  W  aug  GC
    Corvus brachyrhynchos

  52. Chihuahuan Raven  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  nm
    Corvus cryptoleucus 

    Chihuahuan Raven
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  53. Northern Raven  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Corvus corax sinuatus 

  54. Cedar Waxwing  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Bombycilla cedrorum

    Cedar Waxwing
    (photo by Ed Kendell)

  55. Bohemian Waxwing  (AZr)  ______  W  GC
    Bombycilla garrulus 

  56. Phainopepla  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Phainopepla nitens lepida

    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  57. Mexican Chickadee  (*)______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  sas
    (formerly Parus) sclateri eidos

  58. Mountain Chickadee  (*) ______  S/W    jul,aug  GC
    (formerly Parus) gambeli inyoensis

  59. Bridled Titmouse  (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    (formerly Parus) wollweberi phillipsi

  60. Juniper Titmouse  (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC  (was conspecific with the Oak Titmouse, and when so, was called the Plain Titmouse)
    Baeolophus (formerly Parus) r. ridgwayi

  61. Verdin  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  GC
    Auriparus flaviceps ornatus

    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  62. Purple Martin  (ph) (*) ______  S   jul,aug  GC
    Progne subis hesperia 
    (a small race that nests in saguaros)

    A male Purple Martin on a Saguaro Cactus in Arizona

  63. Tree Swallow  (ph) (*) ______  S   jul  GC
    Tachycineta bicolor 

  64. Violet-green Swallow  (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  GC
    Tachycineta thalassina lepida

  65. Northern Rough-winged Swallow  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    Stelgidopteryx serripennis psammochrous 
    (breeding race in AZ)

  66. Bank Swallow  (*) ______  S  GC  (called Sand Martin in the Old World) 
    Riparia r. riparia

  67. American Cliff Swallow  (*)  ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC
    (has been Hirundo) pyrrhonota  
    Petrochelidon p. melanogaster 
    (subspecies that breeds in se AZ)

  68. Cave Swallow  (AZr) (ph)  ______  S
    (has been Hirundo) fulva

  69. Barn Swallow  (ph) (*) ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Hirundo rustica erythrogaster  

  70. American Bushtit  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Psaltriparus minimus lloydi

  71. Horned Lark  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug  GC
    Eremophila alpestris adusta 
    (race in se AZ)  (7 subspecies have been recorded in the state)  

  72. Golden-crowned Kinglet  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  GC
    Regulus satrapa apache 
    (breeding race south to the Santa Rita Mtns)

  73. Ruby-crowned Kinglet  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan,jul,sep  GC
    Regulus calendula

  74. Cactus Wren  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus anthonyi  

    Cactus Wrens photographed during 
    the FONT Aug/Sep 2008 Tour in Arizona
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  75. Rock Wren  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug  GC
    Salpinctes o. obsoletus

  76. Canyon Wren  (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug  GC
    Catherpes mexicanus conspersus

  77. SINALOA WREN  (NAr) (AZr) (*)  ______   jul,aug  (has been called Bar-vented Wren) (The bird of this species, during our Aug/Sep 2008 Arizona tour, was the first ever found in North America, north of the Mexican border. The species is endemic to western Mexico.)
    (formerly Thryothorus) sinaloa 

  78. Bewick's Wren  (*) ______  S/W  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Thryomanes bewickii

  79. House Wren  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug  GC  (including "Brown-throated Wren"
    Troglodytes aedon 

  80. Pacific Wren  ______  W  GC
    Troglodytes pacificus

  81. Sedge Wren  (AZr) (ph)  ______  W
    Cistothorus platensis

  82. Marsh Wren  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Cistothorus palustris

  83. Blue-gray Gnatcatcher  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  GC
    Polioptila caerulea obscura

    Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  84. Black-tailed Gnatcatcher  (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    Polioptila melanura lucida

  85. Black-capped Gnatcatcher  (AZr)  ______  S
    Polioptila nigriceps

  86. Red-breasted Nuthatch  (ph) (*) ______  S/W  jul,aug  GC
    Sitta canadensis 

    Red-breasted Nuthatch
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  87. White-breasted Nuthatch  (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Sitta carolinensis nelsoni

  88. Pygmy Nuthatch  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Sitta pygmaea melanotis

    Pygmy Nuthatch

  89. Brown Creeper  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  GC
    Certhia americana montana 
    (breeds in mountains north of the Chiricahuas & Rincons)
    Certhis americana albescens 
    (resident in Santa Rita & Huachuca Mountains)  

  90. Eastern Bluebird  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug
    Sialia sialis fulva 
    (this "Mexican" race paler than the nominate)

  91. Western Bluebird  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    Sialia mexicana occidentalis

  92. Mountain Bluebird  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Sialia currucoides

    A Mountain Bluebird photographed during a FONT tour 

  93. Hermit Thrush  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    Catharus guttatus 
    (a complex species in regard to races)

  94. Swainson's Thrush  ______
    Catharus ustulatus

  95. Gray-cheeked Thrush  (AZr)  ______
    Catharus minimus

  96. Veery  (AZr)  ______
    Catharus fuscescens

  97. Wood Thrush  (AZr)  ______
    Hylocichia mustelina

  98. American Robin  (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Turdus migratorius propinquis

  99. Rufous-backed Robin  (NAr) (AZr) (*) ______  W/S   jul  GC
    Turdus r. rufopalliatus

  100. Varied Thrush  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Ixoreus naevius meruloides

  101. Aztec Thrush  (AZr)  ______  S
    Ridgwayia pinicola

  102. Townsend's Solitaire  ______  W  GC
    Myadestes townsendi  

  103. Northern Mockingbird  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Mimus p. polyglottos

  104. Blue Mockingbird  (AZr)  ______
    Melanotis caerulescens

  105. Gray Catbird  (AZr) (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Dumetella carolinensis

  106. Curve-billed Thrasher  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  nm
    Toxostoma c. curvirostre 
    (in se AZ)
    Toxostoma curvirostre palmeri 
    (most of AZ, this race lacking white in the tail & wings)

    Curve-billed Thrasher
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  107. Bendire's Thrasher  (*) ______  W/S   jul
    Toxostoma bendirei 

  108. Crissal Thasher  (*) ______  S/W   jul,sep  GC
    Toxostoma c. crissale

  109. LeConte's Thrasher  (*)  ______  W  aug,sep  GC
    Toxostoma lecontei    

  110. Brown Thrasher  (AZr)  ______  W
    Toxostoma rufum

  111. Sage Thrasher  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Oreoscoptes montanus

    A Sage Thrasher photographed during a FONT tour.

  112. Common Starling (NAi) (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC  (first found in Arizona in 1946)
    Sturnus vulgaris

  113. House Sparrow (NAi) (*)  ______  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC  nm  (had become widespread in AZ by 1915)
    Passer domesticus

  114. American Dipper  ______  W  GC
    Cinclus mexicanus

  115. American Pipit  (ph)  ______  W  GC  (another name is Buff-bellied Pipit)
    Anthus rubescens

  116. Sprague's Pipit  (t3)  ______  W
    Anthus spragueii

  117. Olive Warbler  (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  (called a warbler, but not a warbler at all; not in the same families as either the New World or the Old World Warblers. Taxonomically placed between accentors and pipits.
    Peucedramus taeniatus arizonae 
    (the single member of its genus & family)

  118. Black Rosy Finch  (ph)  ______  GC
    Leucosticte atrata

  119. Pine Grosbeak  (ph)  ______   GC
    Pinicola enucleator

  120. Purple Finch  (ph)  ______  GC  
    (formerly Carpodacus) purpureus californicus

  121. Cassin's Finch  (ph)  ______  GC
    (formerly Carpodacus) cassinii 

  122. House Finch  (ph) (*)  ______  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC   nm
    (formerly Carpodacus) mexicanus frontalis

    House Finch
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  123. Red Crossbill  (ph) (*) ______  aug  GC
    Loxia curvirostra grinnelli

  124. Pine Siskin  (ph) (*) ______  jan,aug  GC
    (formerly Carduelis) pinus

    Pine Siskin
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  125. American Goldfinch  (ph) (*)  _____ jan,aug,sep  GC 
    (formerly Carduelis) tristis

  126. Lesser Goldfinch  (*)  ______  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    (formerly Carduelis) p. psaltria  (this nominate race is usually green-backed) (the back-backed form has also been seen, rarely, during our tours in southern Arizona) 

  127. Lawrence's Goldfinch  ______
    (formerly Carduelis) lawrenci

  128. Evening Grosbeak  (ph)  ______  GC
    Coccothraustes vespertinus montana

  129. Northern Parula  (AZr) (ph) (*) _____  S/W  aug,sep
    (formerly Parula) americana  (monotypic)

  130. Cresent-chested Warbler  (NAr) (AZr)  ______  S
    (formerly Parula) superciliosa

  131. Virginia's Warbler  (*)  ______  S   jul,aug  GC
    (formerly Vermivora) virginiae  (monotypic)

  132. Lucy's Warbler  (*)  ______  S  jul,aug  GC
    (formerly Vermivora) luciae  (monotypic)

  133. Orange-crowned Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______  W/S   jul,aug  GC
    (formerly Vermivora) celata orestera

    Orange-crowned Warbler
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  134. Nashville Warbler  (ph) (*) ______   S/W  aug  GC
    (formerly Vermivora) ruficapilla

  135. Tennessee Warbler  (ph) (AZr)  ______  GC
    (formerly Vermivora) peregrina  (monotypic) 

  136. Yellow Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______  S   jul,aug,sep  GC
    (formerly Dendroica) petechia

  137. "Audubon's" Yellow-rumped Warbler  (*) ______  S/W  GC   jan,aug
    (formerly Dendroica) coronata auduboni

  138. "Myrtle" Yellow=rumped Warbler  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Dendroica) c. coronata
  139. Black-throated Gray Warbler  (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  GC
    (formerly Dendroica) nigrescens halsei  (breeding race in AZ)
    (formerly Dendroica) n. nigrescens  (AZ migrant & winter resident)

  140. Townsend's Warbler  (*)  ______  S/W  sep  GC
    (formerly Dendroica) townsendi

  141. Hermit Warbler  (*) ______  S   jul,aug  GC
    (formerly Dendroica) occidentalis  (monotypic)

  142. Grace's Warbler  (*) ______  S   jul,aug,sep  GC
    (formerly Dendroica) g. graciae

  143. Chestnut-sided Warbler  (AZr) (ph)  ______  W  GC
    (formerly Dendroica) pensylvanica

  144. Magnolia Warbler  (AZr) (ph)  ______  GC
    (formerly Dendroica) magnolia

  145. Cape May Warbler  (AZr)  ______  W
    (formerly Dendroica) tigrina

  146. Black-throated Blue Warbler  (AZr)  ______  W/S  GC
    (formerly Dendroica) caerulescens

  147. Black-throated Green Warbler  (AZr) (ph)  ______  W  GC
    (formerly Dendroica) virens

  148. Blackburnian Warbler  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Dendroica) fusca

  149. Yellow-throated Warbler  (AZr) (ph)  ______  S
    (formerly Dendroica) dominica

  150. Prairie Warbler  (AZr) (ph)  ______  W
    (formerly Dendroica) discolor 

  151. Palm Warbler  (AZr)  ______  W  GC
    (formerly Dendroica) palmarum

  152. Bay-breasted Warbler  (AZr)  ______
    (formerly Dendroica) castanea 

  153. Cerulean Warbler  (t3) (AZr)  ______
    (formerly Dendroica) cerulea

  154. Black-and-white Warbler  ______  S/W
    Mniotilta varia 

  155. American Redstart  (ph)  ______  S/W  GC
    Setophaga ruticilla 

  156. Prothonotary Warbler  (AZr) (ph)  ______  S
    Protonotaria citrea 

  157. Worm-eating Warbler  (AZr)  ______
    Helmitheros vermivorus 

  158. Ovenbird  (AZr) (ph)  ______  GC
    Seiurus aurocapillus

  159. Northern Waterthrush  ______  S  GC
    (formerly Seiurus) noveboracensis

  160. Louisiana Waterthrush  (AZr)  ______  W/S
    (formerly Seiurus) motacilla

  161. MacGillivray's Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______  S   aug,sep  GC
    (formerly Oporornis) tolmiei monticola  (breeding race in AZ)
    (formerly Oporornis) t. tolmiei  (migrant)

    MacGillivray's Warblers were particularly numerous 
    during the FONT Arizona tour in late August 2008.  
    (this photo during that tour by Doris Potter)

  162. Kentucky Warbler  (AZr)  ______  GC
    (formerly Oporornis) formosus

  163. Connecticut Warbler  (AZr)  ______
    Oporornis agilis

  164. Common Yellowthroat  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    Geothlypis trichas

    A male Common Yellowthroat
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  165. Wilson's Warbler  (*) ______  S/W   aug  GC
    (formerly Wilsonia) pusilla  (2 of 3 subspecies migrate commonly in AZ)

  166. Hooded Warbler (AZr) ______  S
    (formerly Wilsonia) citrina      

  167. Canada Warbler  (AZr) (ph)  ______  S
    (formerly Wilsonia) canadensis

  168. Rufous-capped Warbler  (NAr) (AZr) (ph) (*) ______  aug
    Basileuterus rufifrons caudatus

  169. Fan-tailed Warbler  (NAr)  (AZr)  ______ 
    Basileuterus lachrymosa

  170. Red-faced Warbler  (*) ______  S   jul,aug  sas
    Cardellina rubifrons 

  171. Painted Whitestart  (ph) (*) ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC  sas  (has been called Painted Redstart)
    Myioborus p. pictus

    Painted Whitestart

  172. Slate-throated Whitestart  (AZr)  ______  (has been called Slate-throated Redstart)
    Myioborus miniatus
  173. Yellow-breasted Chat  (ph) (*)  ______  S   jul,aug  GC
    Icteria virens auricollis

    A Yellow-breasted Chat

  174. Bobolink   (AZr) (ph)  ______
    Dolichonyx oryzivorus

  175. "Lillian's" Eastern Meadowlark  (ph)(*)  ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Sturnella magna lilianae

  176. Western Meadowlark  (*) ______  W/S   jan,jul,sep  GC
    Sturnella neglecta 

  177. Red-winged Blackbird  (ph) (*)   ______  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Agelaius phoeniceeus sonoriensis 
    (common resident in south AZ)

  178. Yellow-headed Blackbird  (ph) (*) ______  jan,jul,aug  GC
    Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

    A female Yellow-headed Blackbird
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  179. Brewer's Blackbird  (ph) (*) ______  jan,aug
    Euphagus cyanocephalus

  180. Rusty Blackbird  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Euphagus carolinus

  181. Great-tailed Grackle  (ph) (*)  ______  jan,jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Quiscalus mexicanus monsoni

  182. Brown-headed Cowbird  (ph) (*)  ______  jan,jul,aug  GC
    Molothrus ater 
    (2 subspecies in the southwest US: M. a. artemisiae & M. a. obscurus)

    Brown-headed Cowbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  183. Bronzed Cowbird  (*)  ______  jul,aug  GC
    Molothrus aeneus loyei

  184. Hooded Oriole  (*)  ______  jul,aug  GC
    Icterus cucullatus nelsoni

  185. Bullock's Oriole  (ph) (*)  ______  jul,aug  GC  
    Icterus bullockii 

    For a while, the Bullock's Oriole was conspecific with the Baltimore Oriole (below). When it was, the two were called the Northern Oriole.

    Two photographs of the male Bullock's Oriole,
    above, immature; below, an adult.
    (photos by Howard Eskin) 

  186. Baltimore Oriole  (AZr) (ph)  ______
    Icterus galbula

  187. Scott's Oriole  (ph) (*)  ______  jul  GC
    Icterus parisorum 

    Scott's Oriole
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  188. Orchard Oriole  (ph)  ______
    Icterus spurius

  189. Black-vented Oriole  (NAr) (AZr)  ______
    Icterus wagleri

  190. Streak-backed Oriole  (NAr) (AZr)  ______
    Icterus pustulatus 

  191. Spotted Towhee  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W  jul,aug,sep  GC  (was called Rufous-sided Towhee when previously conspecific with the now Eastern Towhee of North America and the Olive-sided and Socorro Towhees of Mexico) (now said by some to be conspecific with the Collared Towhee of Mexico) 
    Pipilo maculatus montanus

  192. Green-tailed Towhee  (ph) (*) ______  W   jan  GC
    Pipilo chlorurus

    A Green-tailed Towhee photographed during a FONT tour 

  193. Canyon Towhee  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC  nm  (was called Brown Towhee when it was conspecific with the now California Towhee, Pipilo crissalis)
    (formerly Pipilo) fuscus mesoleucus

    Canyon Towhee
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  194. Abert's Towhee  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  (nearly endemic to Arizona)
    Melozone (formerly Pipilo) a. aberti

    Abert's Towhee
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  195. Botteri's Sparrow  (*)  ______  S  jul,aug
    (formerly Aimophila) botterii arizonae

  196. Cassin's Sparrow  (*)  ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  nm  (a successful AZ nest was not found until 1965)
    (formerly Aimophila) cassinii

  197. Rufous-winged Sparrow  (*)  ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  sas
    (formerly Aimophila) c. carpalis

  198. Rufous-crowned Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug,sep  GC
    Aimophila ruficeps scotti

    Rufous-crowned Sparrow
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  199. Chipping Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______  W/S   jan,jul,aug  GC
    Spizella passerina arizonae

  200. Clay-colored Sparrow  (ph)  ______  W
    Spizella pallida  

  201. Brewer's Sparrow  (ph) (*) ______  W   jan,aug,sep  GC
    Spizella breweri

    A Brewer's Sparrow photographed on a FONT tour.

  202. Black-chinned Sparrow  (*)  ______  S/W  sep  GC
    Spizella atrogularis

  203. American Tree Sparrow  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    Spizella arborea
  204. Grasshopper Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    Ammodramus savannarum ammolegus
    (formerly A. s. perpallidus)

    Grasshopper Sparrow, photographed during the FONT tour
    in southern Arizona & northern Mexico in August 2008
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  205. Baird's Sparrow  ______  W
    Ammodramus bairdii

  206. Vesper Sparrow  (*) ______  W   jan,aug,sep  GC
    Pooecetes gramineus

  207. Lark Sparrow  (ph) (*)   ______  W/S  jan,jul,aug,sep
    Chondestes grammacus strigatus

    Lark Sparrow
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  208. Black-throated Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  GC  nm
    Amphispiza bilineata deserticola 

    Black-throated Sparrow
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  209. Sage Sparrow  (ph)  ______  W  GC
    (formerly Amphispiza) belli

    Sage Sparrow
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  210. Five-striped Sparrow (NAr) (AZr&l) (*)  ______  S/W   jul  sas
    (formerly Aimophila) quinquestriata septentrionalis

  211. Lark Bunting  (ph) (*)  ______  W/S   jul,sep  GC  nm
    Calamospiza melanocorys 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)
  212. Savannah Sparrow  (ph) (*) ______  W/S   jan,aug  GC
    (formerly Ammodramus) sandwichensis

  213. Song Sparrow  (ph) (*) ______  W/S   jan,jul,aug  GC
    Melospiza melodia fallax 
    (resident race in central & southeast AZ, and nearby Mexico)

    There are about 40 subspecies of Song Sparrow in North America.  

  214. Lincoln's Sparrow  (*) ______  W/S   jan  GC
    Melospiza lincolnii

  215. Swamp Sparrow  (ph) (*) ______  W   jan  GC
    Melospiza georgiana

  216. Fox Sparrow  ______  W  GC
    Passerella iliaca

  217. White-crowned Sparrow  (ph) (*) ______  W/S  jan  GC
    Zonotrichia leucophrys

  218. Golden-crowned Sparrow  ______  W  GC
    Zonotrichia atricapilla

  219. White-throated Sparrow  ______  W  GC
    Zonotrichia albicollis

  220. Harris's Sparrow  (AZr) (ph)   ______  GC
    Zonotrichia querula

  221. "Gray-headed" Dark-eyed Junco  (*) ______  W   jan  GC
    Junco hyemalis dorsalis

    "Oregon" Dark-eyed Junco  ______  W
    Junco hyemalis

    "Pink-sided" Dark-eyed Junco  ______  W
    Junco hyemalis

    "Slate-colored" Dark-eyed Junco  (AZr) (ph)  ______  W
    Junco hyemalis

  222. "Mexican" Yellow-eyed Junco  (*)  ______  S/W   jul,sep
    Junco phaeonotus palliatus 

  223. McCown's Longspur  (ph)  ______  W
    (formerly Calcarius) mccownii  (the single member of its genus) 

  224. Chestnut-collared Longspur  (ph)  ______  W
    Calcarius ornatus

  225. Hepatic Tanager  (*) ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    Piranga flava hepatica

  226. Summer Tanager  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W   jul,aug  GC
    Piranga rubra cooperi

  227. Western Tanager  (ph) (*) ______  S   jul,aug,sep  GC
    Piranga ludoviciana 

    Western Tanager
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  228. Flame-colored Tanager  (NAr) (AZr) (ph) (*) ______   jul  sas   
    (sometimes hybridizes
    with the Western Tanager) (has also been called Streak-backed Tanager)
    (sometimes hybridizes
    with the Western Tanager) (has also been called Streak-backed Tanager)
    Piranga b. bidentata  (the northernmost of 4 subspecies)  

    Flame-colored Tanagers
    Upper: male; lower: female.
    (photos by Ruben Campos)

  229. Scarlet Tanager  (AZr) (ph)  ______  GC
    Piranga olivacea

  230. Dickcissel  (AZr) (ph)  ______  GC
    Spiza americana

  231. Northern Cardinal  (ph) (*)  ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep
    Cardinalis cardinalus superbus

    A female Northern Cardinal 
    (photo by Dwight Molotsky)

  232. Pyrrhuloxia  (ph) (*)   ______  S/W   jan,jul,aug
    Cardinalis sinuatus fulvescens 
    (most of AZ)
    Cardinalis s. sinuatus 
    (se Cochise County)


  233. Mexican Yellow Grosbeak  (NRr) (AZr) (*)  ______  jul
    Pheucticus chrysopeplus dilutus

  234. Black-headed Grosbeak  (*)  ______  S  jul,aug,sep  GC
    Pheucticus melanocephalus

  235. Rose-breasted Grosbeak  (AZr) (ph)  ______  S/W  GC
    Pheucticus ludovicianus

  236. Blue Grosbeak  (ph) (*)   ______  S/W   jul,aug,sep  GC
    (formerly Guiraca) caerulea interfusa

    Blue Grosbeak
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  237. Lazuli Bunting  (ph) (*)   ______  W/S   jul,aug  GC
    Passerina amoena 

    Lazuli Bunting
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  238. Indigo Bunting  (ph) (*)  ______  S   jul,aug  GC  nm
    Passerina cyanea 

  239. Varied Bunting  (*)  ______  S   jul,aug  sas
    Passerina versicolor dickeyae
    (or pulchra)

  240. Painted Bunting  (ph) (*)  ______  S  jul  GC  sas  
    Passerina ciris pallidior

    A female Painted Bunting
    (photo by Howard Eskin)  

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