PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876 

Website:  www.focusonnature.com





and in nearby New Mexico 

Noting those during 
Focus On Nature Tours
with an (*)

from 1993 thru 2015

during the months of January, July, 
August, and September

A cumulative list of Arizona Mammals compiled by Armas Hill 

UPPER RIGHT PHOTO: a PRONGHORN, the only antelope in the Americas 


CM:    occurs (or has occurred) in the area of the Chiricahua Mountains, in southeast Arizona
GC:    occurs (or has occurred) in the area of the Grand Canyon, in northern Arizona 

(ph):   species with a photo in the FONT website  


Upcoming FONT Tour Itineraries for North America, including Arizona  

A Bird-List & Photo Gallery of Arizona Birds, in 2 parts:

Part #1: Quails to Becards
     Part #2: Flycatchers to Buntings

North American Mammals (with some photos)

Arizona Amphibians & Reptiles  (with some photos)

Arizona Butterflies, Dragonflies & Damselflies, and Grasshoppers  (with some photos)

Plants of the Desert & Nearby Habitats  (with some photos)


List of Mammals:

  1. Eastern Cottontail  (*) (ph)  ______  CM
    Sylvilagus floridannus

    An Eastern Cottontail photographed during a FONT tour in Arizona
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  2. Desert Cottontail  (*) (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Sylvilagus audubonii

    A Desert Cottontail photographed during a FONT tour in Arizona

  3. Mountain (or Nuttall's) Cottontail  ______  GC
    Sylvilagus nuttallii

  4. Black-tailed Jackrabbit  (*) (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Lepus californicus

    Black-tailed Jackrabbits photographed during a FONT Arizona tour

  5. Antelope Jackrabbit  (*) (ph)  ______  CM
    Lepus alleni 

    An Antelope Jackrabbit photographed during a FONT Arizona/Mexico Tour
    (photo by Doris Potter)
  6. Least Chipmunk  (*)   ______  GC
    Tamias minimus

  7. Uinta Chipmunk  (*)   ______  GC
    Tamias umbrinus 

  8. Cliff Chipmunk  (*) (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Tamias dorsalis

    A Cliff Chipmunk photographed during a FONT Arizona tour
  9. Variegated Ground Squirrel  (has been called Rock Squirrel (*) (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Spermophilus variegatus

    A Variegated Ground Squirrel (or Rock Squirrel) photographed 
    during a FONT tour in Arizona in 2008 
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  10. Round-tailed Ground Squirrel  (*) (ph)  ______
    Spermophilus tereticaudus

    A Round-tailed Ground Squirrel photographed during a FONT Arizona tour

  11. Spotted Ground Squirrel  ______  CM  GC
    Spermophilus spilosoma

  12. Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel  ______  GC
    Spermophilus lateralis

  13. Harris's (or Yuma) Antelope Squirrel  (*) (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Ammospermophilus harrisii 

    A Harris' Antelope Squirrel photographed during a FONT Arizona tour
  14. White-tailed Antelope Squirrel  (*)  ______  GC
    Ammospermophilus leucurus

  15. Gunnison's Prairie Dog  (*) (ph)  ______  GC
    Cynomys gunnisoni

    A Gunnison's Prairie Dog during the FONT Arizona tour in August 2010 
    in the area of the Grand Canyon 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  16. Black-tailed Prairie Dog  ______  CM
    Cynomys ludovicianus

    The Black-tailed Prairie Dog has been locally extirpated in southeast Arizona since 1941. 

  17. Arizona Gray Squirrel  (*)  ______
    Sciurus arizonensis

  18. Tassel-eared (or Abert's) Squirrel  (*)  ______  GC
    Sciurus aberti

  19. Kaibab Squirrel  ______  GC
    Sciurus aberti kaibabensis

  20. Mexican Fox Squirrel  (*)   ______  CM  (another name is Apache Fox Squirrel, Sciurus apache)
    Sciurus nayaritensis

    In the US, the Mexican Fox Squirrel is endemic in the Chiricahua Mountains.

  21. Red Squirrel  ______  GC
    Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

  22. Botta's Pocket Gopher  ______  GC  (has been called Common Pocket Gopher, or Valley Pocket Gopher
    Thomomys bottae

  23. Northern Pocket Gopher  ______  GC
    Thomomys talpoides

  24. Southern Pocket Gopher  ______  CM
    Thomomys umbrinus

  25. Silky Pocket Mouse  ______  CM  GC
    Perognathus flavus

  26. Arizona Pocket Mouse  ______  GC
    Perognathus amplus

  27. Great Basin Pocket Mouse  ______  GC
    Perognathus parvus

  28. Long-tailed Pocket Mouse  ______  GC
    Chartodipus formosus

  29. Rock Pocket Mouse  ______  CM  GC
    Chaetodipus intermedius

  30. Desert Pocket Mouse  ______  CM  GC
    Chaetodipus penicillatus

  31. Bailey's Pocket Mouse  (*)  ______  CM
    Chaetodipus baileyi

  32. Hispid Pocket Mouse  ______  CM
    Chaetodipus hispidus

  33. Merriam's Kangaroo Rat  ______  CM  GC
    Dipodomys merriami

  34. Ord's Kangaroo Rat  ______  CM  GC
    Dipodomys ordii

  35. Chisel-toothed Kangaroo Rat  ______  GC
    Dipodomys microps

  36. Banner-tailed Kangaroo Rat  ______  CM
    Dipodomys spectabilis

  37. American Beaver  (ph)  ______  GC
    Castor canadensis 

  38. Western Harvest Mouse  ______  CM  GC
    Reithrodontomys megalotis

  39. Plains Harvest Mouse  ______  CM
    Reithrodontomys montanus

  40. Fulvous Harvest Mouse  ______  CM
    Reithrodontomys fulvescens

  41. White-footed Deer Mouse  ______  CM
    Peromyscys leucopus

  42. Merriam's Deer Mouse  ______  CM
    Peromyscus merriami

  43. Canyon Deer Mouse  ______  GC
    Peromyscys crinitus

  44. Cactus Deer Mouse  ______  CM  GC
    Peromyscys eremicus

  45. North American Deer Mouse  (*)  ______  CM  GC
    Peromyscys maniculatus

  46. Brush Deer Mouse  ______  CM  GC
    Peromyscys boylii

  47. Pinon Deer Mouse  ______  CM  GC
    Peromyscys truei

  48. Northern Rock Deer Mouse  ______  CM
    Peromyscys nasutus

  49. Northern Pygmy Mouse  ______  CM
    Baiomys taylori

  50. Northern Grasshopper Mouse  ______  GC
    Onychomys leucogaster

  51. Southern Grasshopper Mouse  ______  CM
    Onychomys torridus

  52. Hispid Cotton Rat  ______  CM
    Sigmodon hispidus

  53. Tawny-bellied Cotton Rat  ______  CM
    Sigmodon fulviventer

  54. Yellow-nosed Cotton Rat  ______  CM
    Sigmodon ochrognathus

  55. White-throated Woodrat  (*)  ______  CM  GC
    Neotoma albigula 

  56. Desert Woodrat  ______  GC
    Neotoma lepida

  57. Stephen's Woodrat  ______  GC
    Neotoma stephensi

  58. Mexican Woodrat  ______  CM  GC
    Neotoma mexicana

  59. Bushy-tailed Woodrat  ______  GC
    Neotoma cinerea 

  60. House Mouse  (NAi)  ______  GC
    Mus musculus 

  61. Long-tailed Vole  ______  GC
    Microtis longicaudus

  62. Mogollon (or Mexican) Vole  ______  GC
    Microtus mogollonensis
    (or mexicanus)
    Microtus mogollonensis
    hualapaiensis  _____ GC (an endangered subspecies, "Hualapai Vole")

  63. Muskrat  (ph)  ______  GC
    Ondatra zibethicus

    (photo by Doris Potter)

  64. North American Porcupine  (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Erethizon dorsatum

    North American Porcupine
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  65. Red Fox  (ph)  ______  GC
    Vulpes vulpes 

    Red Fox
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  66. Kit Fox  ______  CM  GC
    Vulpes macrotis

  67. Gray Fox  (*)  ______  CM  GC
    Urocyon cinereoargenteus

  68. Coyote  (*) (ph)   ______  CM  GC
    Canis latrans


  69. Mexican Gray Wolf  ______  CM
    Canis lupus baileyi

    Called "El Lobo", the Mexican Gray Wolf is the smallest subspecies of the North American gray wolves. It was last recorded in the Chiricahua Mountains in 1971.
    After it was extirpated in the southwest US, 34 were returned to southeast Arizona in a reintroduction program in 1998. The goal of that program was to restore at least 100 wolves to the wild by 2008. Unfortunately, by the end of that year, there were only approximately 50. Only about 200 Mexican Wolves are in captivity.
    Mexican Wolves ranged from central Mexico to southwest Texas, southern New Mexico, and southeast Arizona. The reintroduction was into the Apache National Forest in southeast Arizona.   

  70. Black Bear  (*)  ______  CM  GC
    Ursus americanus

  71. "Mexican" Grizzly Bear  ______  CM
    Ursus arctos nelsoni

    The "Mexican" Grizzly Bear has been extinct in the Chiricahua Mountains since 1901. The subspecies was last seen anywhere in 1964, in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, and so has been presumed extinct for about 50 years.

  72. Ringtail  ______  CM  GC
    Bassariscus astutus

  73. Northern Raccoon  (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Procyon lotor

  74. White-nosed Coati  (*) (ph)  ______  CM
    Nasua narica

    A White-nosed Coati photographed during a FONT tour

  75. Ermine  ______  GC
    Mustela erminea

  76. Long-tailed Weasel  ______  GC
    Mustela nivalis

  77. Black-footed Ferret  ______  GC
    Mustela nigripes  

  78. American Badger  (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Taxidea taxus

  79. Hooded Skunk  (*)  ______  CM
    Mephitis macroura 

  80. Striped Skunk  (*)  ______  CM  GC
    Mephitis mephitis

  81. Western Spotted Skunk  (*)  ______  CM  GC
    Spilogale gracilis 

  82. Western Hog-nosed Skunk  ______  CM
    Conepatus mesoleucus 

  83. Northern River Otter  ______  GC
    Lontra canadensis

  84. Bobcat  (*) (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    (formerly Lynx) rufer 

    A Bobcat seen during the FONT tour in southern Arizona in August 2010
    as it was resting during the day.  

    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  85. Ocelet  (ph)  ______  CM
    (formerly Leopardus) pardalis

  86. Jaguarundi  ______  CM
    (formerly Herpailurus) yagouaroundi

  87. Puma  (or Mountain Lion, or Cougar ______  CM  GC
    (formerly Puma) concolor 

  88. Jaguar  (ph)  ______  CM
    (formerly Jaguarius) onca

    The Jaguar was not recorded in southern Arizona from 1938 until 1987, when 1 was killed in the Dos Cabezas Mountains. Another was photographed in the Peloncillo Mountains in 1996. 

    A Painting of a Jaguar by a person in southern Arizona, Bonnie Swarbrick 

  89. Merriam's Shrew  ______  GC
    Sorex merriami

  90. Dwarf Shrew  ______  CM  GC
    Sorex nanus

  91. Desert (or Gray) Shrew  ______  GC
    Notiosorex crawfordi

  92. Arizona Shrew  ______  CM
    Sorex arizonae

  93. Vagrant Shrew  ______  CM
    Sorex vagrans

  94. California Leaf-nosed Bat  ______  CM
    Macrotus californicus

  95. North American Long-nosed Bat  (*) (ph)  ______  CM
    Leptonycteris yerbabuenae

    North American Long-nosed Bat

  96. Mexican Long-nosed Bat  (*)  ______  GC
    Leptonycteris nivalis 

  97. Mexican Long-tongued Bat  ______  CM
    Choeronycteris mexicana

  98. Little Brown Bat (Myotis)  ______  CM
    Myotis lucifugus

  99. Yuma Myotis  ______  CM  GC
    Myotis yumanensis 

  100. Long-eared Myotis  ______  GC
    Myotis evotis

  101. Fringed Myotis  ______  CM  GC
    Myotis thysanodes

  102. Long-legged Myotis  ______  CM  GC
    Myotis volans

  103. California Myotis  ______  CM  GC
    Myotis californicus

  104. Cave Myotis  ______  CM
    Myotis velifer

  105. Western Small-footed Myotis  ______  CM  GC
    Myotis ciliolabrum

  106. Southwestern Myotis  ______  CM
    Myotis auriculus

  107. Silver-haired Bat  ______  CM  GC
    Lasionvcteris noctivagans

  108. Western Pipistrelle  ______  CM  GC
    Pipistrellus hesperus

  109. Big Brown Bat  ______  CM  GC
    Eptesicus fuscus

  110. Western Red Bat  ______  CM  GC
    Lasiurus blossevillii

  111. Hoary Bat  ______  CM  GC
    Lasiurus cinereus

  112. Western Yellow Bat  ______  CM  (was part of the Southern Yellow Bat)
    Lasiurus xanthinus

  113. Spotted Bat  ______  CM  GC
    Euderma maculatum 

  114. Townsend's Big-eared Bat  ______  GC
    Corynoribinus townsendii

  115. Allen's (Mexican) Big-eared Bat  ______  CM  GC
    Idionycteris phyllotis 

  116. Pallid Bat  ______  CM  GC
    Antrozous pallidus

  117. Mexican (or Brazilian) Free-tailed Bat  ______  CM  GC
    Tadarida brasiliensis

  118. Big Free-tailed Bat  ______  CM  GC
    Nyctinomops macrotis

  119. Pocketed Free-tailed Bat  ______  CM
    Nyctinomops femorosaccus

  120. Western Mastiff Bat  ______  CM  GC  (also called Greater Bonneted Bat
    Eumops perotis

  121. Underwood's Bonneted Bat  ______
    Eumpos underwoodi

    In the US, the Underwood's Bonneted Bat is known only in extreme southern Arizona, where they can be found drinking at desert pools.  

  122. Collared Peccary  (or Javelina)  (*)  ______  CM  GC
    Tayassu tajacu 
    (was at one time Pecari angulatus)

  123. Elk  (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Cervus elaphus 

    The "Merriam's Elk" has been extinct in the Chiricahua Mountains since 1906. 

  124. "Rocky Mountains" Mule Deer  (*) (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Odocoileus hemionus

    A Mule Deer, with its large ears,
    photographed during a FONT tour in Arizona

  125. "Coue's" White-tailed Deer  (*) (ph)  ______  CM
    Odocoileus virginianus

    A Coue's White-tailed Deer photographed during a FONT tour in Arizona in 2008
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  126. Pronghorn  (*) (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Antilocapra americana

    A Pronghorn during the FONT Arizona tour in August 2010
    in the area of the Painted Desert/Petrified Forest National Park.
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  127. Desert (or Mountain) Bighorn Sheep  (ph)  ______  CM  GC
    Ovis canadensis

    Locally extinct in the Chiricahua Mountains since 1885.

One of the references for this mammal list is the book: "Mammals of North America" by Roland W. Kays & Don E. Wilson, published by Princeton Univ Press, 2002. 

Also "The Encyclopedia of Mammals", edited by Dr. David Macdonald, updated in 2006. 


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