PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876


Birds on the 
Japanese island of 


1994 thru 2014

during the months of January, February, April,  
 May, June, October, November, & December

Noting those during Focus On Nature Tours with an (*)


A List of Birds on Hokkaido, Japan
compiled by Armas Hill

There have been 24 FONT Fall & Winter birding tours in Japan:  FW.
There have been 13 FONT Spring & Summer birding tours in Japan:  SS.
During FONT tours in Hokkaido, cumulatively, to date,
167 species of birds have been found. 

photographed during a FONT tour in Hokkaido    


(i): introduced species

(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International.
(t1): critical
(t2): endangered
(t3): vulnerable
(nt): considered a near-threatened species globally

(JAr):       rare in Japan
(JArs):     rare in Japan in spring/summer
(JArw):    rare in Japan in winter

(JAe):      Japanese endemic
(JAeb):    Japanese endemic breeder
(JAneb):  Japanese near-endemic breeder

(p):  seen pelagically 
(p1):  offshore on the Pacific, off northern Honshu, from the large ferry to or from Hokkaido
(p2):  offshore on the Sea of Japan, from the small ferry to or from Hegura Island  
(po):  pelagic only  

FW: Seen during FONT Fall & Winter Japanese birding tours.
SS: Seen during FONT Spring & Summer Japanese birding tours.
Months of the FONT tours when found are noted for each species.


Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Japan  

A List & Photo Gallery of Japan Birds, in 2 parts:

Part #1: Pheasants to Pitta
Part #2: Minivets to Buntings

Birds during FONT Japan Tours in the Spring & Summer

Rare Birds during our Japan Tours 
(with some photos)

List of Japanese Mammals (with some photos)

List of Japanese Butterflies (with some photos)   

Directory of Photos in this FONT Website

List of Birds of Hokkaido, Japan, noting those during FONT tours:

  1. Hazel Grouse  ______  year-round resident
    Tetrastes bonasia

  2. Japanese Quail  ______  summer resident
    Coturnix japonica

  3. Common Pheasant  (i)  ______
    Phasianus colchicus

  4. Whooper Swan  (*) ______  FW jan,feb,nov,dec  
    Cygnus cygnus

  5. "Bewick's" Tundra Swan  (*)  ______  FW  nov
    Cygnus columbianus bewickii

  6. Mute Swan  (i) )(*)  ______  SS,FW  jun,dec
    Cygnus olor

  7. Greylag Goose  (*)  ______  SS,FW  may,dec  
    Anser anser

  8. Greater White-fronted Goose  (*)  ______  FW dec
    Anser albifrons

  9. Lesser White-fronted Goose  (JAr)  ______  fall
    Anser erythropus

  10. Bean Goose  (*)   ______  FW  nov
    Anser fabalis serrirostris
    Tundra Bean Goose
    Anser fabalis middendorffii 
    Taiga Bean Goose 

  11. "Black" Brant Goose  (*)   ______  FW  jan,nov
    Branta bernicla orientalis

  12. Mandarin Duck (nt) (*)  ______  SS  jun 
    Aix galericulata

  13. Eurasian Wigeon  (*)  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec     
    Anas penelope

  14. American Wigeon  (JAr) (*)  ______  FW dec
    Anas americana

  15. Falcated Duck  (*)   ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Anas falcata

  16. Eurasian Teal  (*)  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,nov,dec 
    Anas c. crecca

  17. Gadwall  (*)  ______  FW  jan,dec
    Anas s. strepera

  18. Mallard  (*)  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec
    Anas p. platyrhynchos

  19. Eastern Spot-billed Duck  (*)   ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun 
    Anas zonorhyncha

  20. Northern Pintail  (*)  _____  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,nov,dec
    Anas acuta

  21. Northern Shoveler  (*) ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Anas clypeata

  22. Common Pochard  (*)   ______  FW  jan,feb
    Aythya ferina

  23. Baer's Pochard  (t1) (JAr)  ______  fall
    Aythya baeri

  24. Tufted Duck  (*)  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,jun,nov,dec  
    Aythya fuligula

  25. Greater Scaup  (*)  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,jun,nov,dec
    Aythya marila mariloides

  26. Steller's Eider  ______  winter visitor
    Polysticta stelleri

  27. Harlequin Duck  (*)  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,jun,nov,dec
    Histrionicus histrionicus

  28. Long-tailed Duck  (*)  ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Clangula hyemalis

  29. Black Scoter  (nt) (*)  ______  SP,FW  jan,feb,apr,jun,nov,dec 
    Melanitta americana   

    The Black Scoter in Japan is the North American species, Melanitta americana. 

  30. Asian White-winged Scoter  ______   FW  jan,feb,nov,dec 
    Melanitta stejnegeri 

    The Asian White-winged Scoter was a subspecies of the American White-winged Scoter, Melanitta deglandi.

  31. Bufflehead  (JAr)  ______  FW  jan 
    Bucephala albeola

  32. Common Goldeneye ______  FW jan,feb,nov,dec
    Bucephala c. clangula

  33. Smew  ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Mergellus albellus

  34. Red-breasted Merganser  ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Mergus serrator

  35. Common Merganser  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec 
    Mergus m. merganser

    The Common Merganser is also called the Goosander.  

  36. Yellow-billed Loon  ______  FW jan 
    Gavia adamsii

    The Yellow-billed Loon is also called the White-billed Diver.

  37. Red-throated Loon  ______  FW  jan,nov
    Gavia stellata

    The Red-throated Loon is also called the Red-throated Diver. 

  38. Pacific Loon  ______ SS,FW  jan,feb,jun,nov,dec
    Gavia pacifica

    The Pacific Loon is also called the Pacific Diver. 

  39. Arctic Loon  ______  FW  jan,nov
    Gavia arctica

    The Arctic Loon is also called the Black-throated Dover.

  40. Black-footed Albatross (t3) ______ FW  pelagic     
    Phoebastria nigripes

  41. Laysan Albatross ______  SS,FW  pelagic      
    Phoebastria immutabilis              

  42. Northern Fulmar ______  SS,FW  pelagic                                       
    Fulmarus glacialis rodgersii

  43. Streaked Shearwater  (JAneb) ______  SP,FW  pelagic 
    Calonectris leucomeias

  44. Sooty Shearwater ______  SS pelagic                                       
    Puffinus griseus

  45. Short-tailed Shearwater ______  SS,FW  pelagic   
    Puffinus tenuirostris

  46. Tristram’s Storm Petrel  (nt) (JArw) ______  SS,FW  pelagic   
    Oceandroma tristrami

    The Tristram's Storm Petrel is also called the Sooty Storm Petrel.

  47. Fork-tailed (or Grey) Storm Petrel ______ SS,FW  pelagic      pelagic     
    Oceanodroma furcata

    The Fork-tailed Petrel is also called the Grey Storm Petrel.

  48. Little Grebe ______ SS,FW  jan,may,nov
    Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei

  49. Eared Grebe ______  fall
    Podiceps nigricollis

    The Eared Grebe is also called the Black-necked Grebe. 

  50. Horned Grebe ______ FW  jan,feb,nov,dec  
    Podiceps a, auritus   

    The Horned Grebe is also called the Slavonian Grebe.                          

  51. Red-necked Grebe ______ FW  jan,nov     
    Podiceps grisegena holboellii 


  52. Great Crested Grebe  ______  FW  nov 
    Podiceps c. cristatus

  53. Temminck's  (or Japanese) Cormorant  (JAneb) ______  SP,FW jan,feb,jun,nov,dec
    Phalacrocorax capillatus

  54. Pelagic Shag (or Cormorant)  ______  SP,FW jan,feb,jun.nov,dec
    Phalacrocorax pelagicus

  55. Red-faced Shag (or Cormorant)  (JAr)  ______  FW  jan|
    Phalacrocorax urile

  56. Eurasian Bittern  ______ 
    Botaurus stellaris

  57. Yellow Bittern  ______
    Ixobrychus sinensis

  58. Schrenck's Bittern  ______
    Ixobrychus eurhythmus

  59. Little Egret  ______   
    Egretta g. garzetta

  60. Great Egret  ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Ardea a. alba

  61. Grey Heron  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,nov,jun  
    Ardea cinerea jouyi

  62. Eurasian (or White) Spoonbill  ______ 
    Platalea l. leucorodia

  63. Osprey  ______  fall
    Pandion h. haliaetus

  64. Oriental Honey Buzzard  ______  fall 
    Pernis orientalis

    The Oriental Honey Buzzard, Pernis orientalis, has been split from the Crested Honey Buzzard, Pernis ptilohynchus, that occurs elsewhere in Asia.  

  65. Black-eared Kite ______  SP,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec 
    Milvus (migrans) lineatus

  66. White-tailed (Sea) Eagle (nt)  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,jun,nov,dec
    Haliaetus a. albicilla

  67. Steller’s Sea Eagle (t3)  ______  FW jan,feb,nov,dec
    Haliaetus p. pelagicus

  68. Hen Harrier  ______  FW  jan,nov
    Circus cyaneus

    The Hen Harrier, Circus cyaneus, is now considered distinct from the Northern Harrier, Circus hudsonius, of North America.

  69. Eastern Marsh Harrier  ______  fall  
    Circus spilonotus

    The Eastern Marsh Harrier, Circus spilonotus, was conspecific with what is now the Western Marsh Harrier, Circus aeruginosus. 

  70. Northern Goshawk  ______  FW jan,dec
    Accipiter gentilis schvedowi

  71. Eurasian Sparrowhawk  ______  SS,FW  jan,jun,nov 
    Accipiter nisus nisosimilis

  72. Japanese Sparrowhawk  ______  fall    
    Accipiter gularis iwasakii

  73. Eastern Buzzard ______  SS,FW   jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec
    Buteo japonicus

    The Eastern Buzzard, Buteo japonicus, was part of the Common Buzzard, Buteo buteo.

  74. Rough-legged Hawk  (or Rough-legged Buzzard) ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Buteo lagopus menzibieri

  75. Mountain Hawk-Eagle ______  FW dec
    Spizaetus nipalensis orientalis

    The Mountain Hawk-Eagle has been called the Hodgson's Hawk-Eagle. The subspecies in Japan is rather distinct from populations on mainland Asia, and may be described as a separate species.   

  76. Eurasian Kestrel   ______  FW jan
    Falco tinnunculus interstinctus

  77. Merlin  ______  FW jan
    Falco columbarius

  78. Northern Hobby  ______  fall   
    Falco s. subbuteo

  79. Peregrine Falcon   ______  FW  feb
    Falco peregrinus japonensis

  80. Gyrfalcon ______  FW  jan,feb
    Falco rusticolus 

  81. Eastern Water Rail  ______
    Rallus indicus

    The Eastern Water Rail, Rallus indicus, was part of the more-westerly Water Rail, Rallus aquaticus.   

  82. Baillon's Crake  ______
    Porzana p. pusilla

  83. Ruddy-breasted Crake  ______
    Porzana fusca erythrothorax

  84. Swinhoe's Yellow Rail  ______
    Coturnicops exquisitus

  85. Common Moorhen  ______ 
    Gallinula chloropus indica

    The Common Moorhen is now considered distinct from the Common Gallinule of the Americas, now Gallinula galeata.    

  86. Eurasian Coot  ______  FW  jan
    Fulica a. atra

  87. Red-crowned Crane  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,jun,nov,dec
    Grus japonensis

  88. Sandhill Crane  (JAr)  ______
    Grus c, canadensis

  89. Little Ringed Plover ______  SS  may
    Charadrius dubius curonicus

  90. Common Ringed Plover  ______  fall
    Charadrius hiaticula tundrae

  91. Long-billed Plover  ______  fall
    Charadrius palcidus japonicus

  92. Kentish Plover ______  fall     
    Charadrius alexandrinus dealbatus

    The Kentish Plover is now distinct from the Snowy Plover of the Americas, Charadrius nivosus. 

  93. Lesser Sand Plover  ______  fall 
    Charadrius mongolus stegmanni

    The Lesser Sand Plover has been called the Mongolian Plover.

  94. Greater Sand Plover  (JAr)  ______  fall
    Charadrius l. leschenaultii

  95. Pacific Golden Plover ______  SS  jun  
    Pluvialis fulva

  96. Black-bellied Plover  ______  fall  
    Pluvialis s. squatarola

    The Black-bellied Plover is also called the Grey Plover.

  97. Great Knot  ______   fall
    Calidris tenuirostris

  98. Red-necked Stint  ______  fall
    Calidris ruficollis

  99. Temminck's Stint  ______  fall  
    Calidris temminckii

  100. Long-toed Stint  ______  fall     
    Calidris subminuta

  101. Sharp-tailed Sandpiper  ______  fall
    Calidris acuminata

  102. Curlew Sandpiper ______  fall
    Calidris ferruginea

  103. Dunlin   ______  FW  jan,feb  
    Calidris alpina

  104. Sanderling  ______  fall
    Calidris alba rubida

  105. Rock Sandpiper  (JAr)  ______  fall
    Calidris ptilocnemis 

    Birds appearing to be of two subspecies have been seen in Japan:
    C. p. tschuktschorum, from the Chukotskiy Peninsula in Siberia, 
    and C. p. couesi, from the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, USA.   

  106. Ruddy Turnstone _______  fall   
    Arenaria i. interpres

  107. Spoon-billed Sandpiper  (t1) (JAr)  ______  fall
    Eurynorhynchus pygmeus

    The Spoon-billed Sandpiper is one of the most critically endangered birds in the world.
    in Japan, it was formerly a more common migrant that it is now.   

  108. Broad-billed Sandpiper  ______  
    Limicola falcinellus

    Both the Broad-billed Sandpiper and the Ruff (below) are now said to be in the genus Calidris.   

  109. Ruff / Reeve  ______  fall
    Philomachus pugnax 

  110. Latham’s (or Japanese) Snipe  ______  SS  jun  
    Gallinago hardwickii

  111. Solitary Snipe  ______  fall
    Gallinago solitaria japonica

  112. Eurasian Woodcock  ______  fall
    Scolopax rusticola

  113. Spotted Redshank  ______  fall
    Tringa erythropus

  114. Common Redshank  ______  fall   
    Tringa totanus eurhinus 

  115. Common Greenshank  ______  fall
    Tringa nebularia

  116. Nordmann's Greenshank  (JAr)  ______  fall  
    Tringa guttifer

    Another common name for Tringa guttifer has been the Spotted Greenshank.  

  117. Green Sandpiper ______  fall
    Tringa ochropus

  118. Wood Sandpiper ______  fall 
    Tringa glareola

  119. Grey-tailed (or Polynesian) Tattler  ______  SS  jun
    Heteroscelus brevipes

  120. Terek Sandpiper  ______  SS  jun
    Xenus cinereus

  121. Common Sandpiper  ______  fall   
    Actitis hypoleucos

  122. Bar-tailed Godwit  ______  fall
    Limosa lapponica baueri

  123. Eastern Black-tailed Godwit  ______  fall  
    Limosa melanuroides

    The Eastern Black-tailed Godwit, Limosa melanuroides, was part of the Black-tailed Godwit, Limosa limosa. 

  124. Eurasian Curlew   ______  fall
    Numenius arquata

  125. Eastern Curlew (nt)  ______  fall 
    Numenius madagascariensis

    Numenius madagascariensis has also been called the Far Eastern Curlew.
    Its scientific name notwithstanding, the bird does not occur in Madagascar.

  126. Little Curlew  (JAr)  ______  fall
    Numenius minutus

  127. “Eurasian” Whimbrel  ______  fall  
    Numenius phaeopus variegatus

  128. Red-necked Phalarope  ______  pelagic 
    Phalaropus lobatus

  129. Red Phalarope  ______  pelagic   
    Phalaropus fulicarius

    The Red Phalarope is also called the Grey Phalarope. 

  130. Pomarine Jaeger  ______  pelagic
    Stercorarius pomarinus

    The Pomarine Jaeger is also called the Pomarine Skua.

  131. Parasitic Jaeger  ______  pelagic
    Stercorarius parasiticus 

    The Parasitic Jaeger is also called the Arctic Skua.

  132. Long-tailed Jaeger  ______  pelagic
    Stercorarius longicaudus

    The Long-tailed Jaeger is also called the Long-tailed Skua.

  133. South Polar Skua  ______  pelagic  
    Stercorarius maccormicki

  134. Black-headed Gull  ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Chroicocephalus ridibundus

  135. Black-tailed Gull (JAneb)  ______  SP,FW  jun,nov 
    Larus crassirostris

  136. Kamchatka Gull  ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Larus kamtschatschensis

    The Kamchatka Gull is by some considered a distinct species, but generally it has been a subspecies of the Common Gull, Larus canus, of Eurasia, known as the Mew Gull in North America, Larus canus brachyrhynchus.
    There are two races of the "Kamchatka Gull":  
    Larus (canus) kamtschatschenis, common in northeast Asia
    Larus (canus) heinei, the subspecies that occurs in Japan, including Hokkaido, in the winter 

  137. Vega Gull  ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Larus vagae

    The Vega Gull has been considered part of the Herring Gull, Larus argentatus. 

  138. Slaty-backed Gull  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,jun,nov,dec
    Larus schistisagus

  139. Glaucous-winged Gull  _____  FW  jan,feb,nov
    Larus glaucescens 

  140. Glaucous Gull  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,nov,dec
    Larus hyperboreus pallidissimys 

  141. Iceland Gull  (JAr)  ______  FW  jan
    Larus glaucoides

  142. Ross’ Gull  (JAr)  ______ FW jan
    Rhodostethia rosea

  143. Black-legged Kittiwake  ______  SS,FW  jan,jun,nov       
    Rissa tridactyla

  144. Common Tern  ______  SS  jun
    Sterna hirundo longipennis

  145. Common Murre (or Guillemot)   _____  SS,FW  jan,feb,apr,may
    Uria aalge inornata

  146. Thick-billed Murre (or Brunnich’s Guillemot)  ______  FW  jan,feb
    Uria lomvia arra

  147. Spectacled Guillemot  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,jun,nov
    Cepphus carbo

  148. Pigeon Guillemot  ______  FW  jan
    Cepphus columba snowi

  149. Long-billed Murrelet  ______  FW  feb
    Brachyramphus perdix

  150. Ancient Murrelet  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,apr,nov
    Synthliboramphus a. antiquus

  151. Crested Auklet  ______  SS,FW  jan,apr
    Aethia cristatella

  152. Least Auklet  ______  FW  jan,feb
    Aethia pusilla

  153. Rhinoceros Auklet  ______  SS  apr,jun,nov
    Cerohinca monocerata

  154. Tufted Puffin  (JAr) ______  SS  jun
    Fratercula cirrhata

  155. Horned Puffin  (JAr)  ______  SS  apr
    Fratercula corniculata

  156. Common (or Feral) Pigeon  (JPi) ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec  
    Columba livia

  157. Oriental Turtle Dove  ______  SS,FW  feb,may,jun,nov
    Streotopelia orientalis

  158. White-bellied Green Pigeon (nt)  ______  SS  jun
    Treron s. sieboldii

  159. Common Cuckoo  ______  SS  jun
    Cuculus canorus telephonus

  160. Oriental Cuckoo ______  SS  jun
    Cuculus optatus

  161. Northern Hawk-Cuckoo  ______ 
    Cuculus hyperythrus 

    The Northern Hawk-Cuckoo was part of  the Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo, Cuculus fugax.

  162. Blakiston's Fish Owl  ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Bubo b. blakistoni

  163. Japanese Scops Owl   ______ FW  jan
    Otus semitorques pryeri

    The Japanese Scops Owl was part of the Collared Scops Owl. 

  164. Brown (or Oriental) Hawk-Owl  ______  summer resident      
    Ninox scutulata japonica

  165. Ural Owl  ______  FW  jan,feb
    Strix u. japonica 
    (subspecies only on Hokkaido & the nearby Kurile Islands) 

  166. Long-eared Owl  ______
    Asio otus

    Asio otus
    is by some called the Northern Long-eared Owl, as there is another more-southerly "Long-eared Owl" in Africa. 

  167. Short-eared Owl  ______  FW  jan  
    Asio flammeus 

  168. Snowy Owl  (JAr)  ______
    Bubo scandiacus

  169. Tengmalm's Owl  ______
    Aegolius funereus sibiricus

    The Tengmalm's Owl is also called the Boreal Owl.

  170. Eurasian Eagle Owl  (JAr)  ______  
    Bubo bubo borrisowi

    The subspecies B. b. horrisowi occurs on the Sakhalin and South Kurile Islands, northeast of Japan. 
    In Japan, it is an extremely rare resident in northern Hokkaido.   

  171. Grey Nightjar  ______  summer resident    
    Caprimulgus indicus jotaka

  172. White-throated Needletail  ______
    Hirundapus caudacutus

  173. Pacific Swift  ______   SS  apr,may,jun     
    Apus p. pacificus

    Other names for the Pacific Swift are Asian White-rumped Swift and Fork-tailed Swift. 

  174. Ruddy Kingfisher  ______  summer resident  
    Halcyon coromanda

  175. Common Kingfisher  ______    
    Alcedo atthis bengalensis


  176. Crested Kingfisher  ______  SS  may      
    Ceryle lugubris pallida 
    (a year-round resident subspecies nearly endemic to Hokkaido; some have strayed to Kunashir in Russia)

  177. Eurasian Wryneck  ______
    Jynx torquilla

    The Eurasian Wryneck is in Hokkaido generally from May to September.

  178. Gray-headed Woodpecker  ______  SS,FW  jan,may,jun,nov
    Picus canus jessoensis

  179. Black Woodpecker  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,jun  
    Dryocopus martius martius

  180. Great Spotted Woodpecker  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec
    Dendrocopos major japonicus

  181. White-backed Woodpecker  ______  SS,FW  jan,may,jun
    Dendrocopos leucotos namiyei

  182. Lesser Spotted Woodpecker  ______  FW  jan,nov
    (formerly Dendrocopos) minoramurensis 

  183. Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec
    (formerly Dendrocopos) kizuki seebohmi

  184. Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker  (JAr)  ______ 
    Picoides tridactylus inouyei 
    (this subspecies in Hokkaido is very rare) 

    The Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker was conspecific with the American Three-toed Woodpecker, Picoides dorsalis. 

  185. Eurasian Skylark  ______  SS,FW  jan,jun     
    Alauda arvensis

    The breeding Eurasian Skylark on Hokkaido is the subspecies japonica. The bird we saw in January was most likely a subspecies from further north in mainland Asia.    

  186. Barn Swallow  ______  SS  may  
    Hirundo rustica

  187. Sand Martin (or Bank Swallow)  ______  SS  jun    
    Riparia riparia ijimae

  188. Asian House Martin  ______  SS  may,jun
    Delichon d. dasypus

  189. Olive-backed Pipit  ______  SS  may,jun
    Anthus h. hodgsoni

  190. “Siberian” Buff-bellied Pipit  ______   
    Anthus rubescens japonicus

    The Buff-bellied Pipit, Anthus rubescens japonicus, was part of the Water Pipit. Now it is considered conspecific with the American Pipit. 

  191. Eastern Yellow Wagtail  (JAr)   ______   
    Motacilla tschutschensis simillima

  192. Grey Wagtail  ______  SS  may,jun  
    Motacilla cinerea robusta 

  193. White Wagtail  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec      
    Motacilla alba lugens

    The White Wagtail subspecies lugens has been called the Black-backed Wagtail. 

  194. Japanese Wagtail  (JAe)  ______  FW  jan,dec
    Motacilla grandis

  195. Brown-eared Bulbul  (JAneb)  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,dec  
    Microscelis a. amaurotis

  196. Japanese Waxwing  (nt)   ______  SS,FW  jan,may
    Bombycilla japonica

  197. Bohemian Waxwing  ______  FW  jan
    Bombycilla garrulus centralasiae

  198. Brown (or Pallas’) Dipper ______  FW  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Cinclus p. pallasii

  199. Eurasian Wren  ______  SS,FW  jan,jun,dec
    Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus

  200. Japanese Accentor  (JAe)  ______  SS FW  jan,may
    Prunella rubida 

  201. Japanese Robin  (JAneb)  ______  SS  may 
    Luscinia akahige

  202. Siberian Rubythroat   ______  SS  jun    
    Luscinia calliope camtschhatkensis 

  203. Siberian Blue Robin  ______
    Luscinia cyane bachaiensis

  204. Red-flanked Bluetail  ______  FW  nov
    (formerly Tarsiger) c. cyanurus

    Other names of the Red-flanked Bluetail are Siberian Bluechat and Orange-flanked Bush-Robin. 

  205. Daurian Redstart  ______  FW  jan,dec
    Phoenicurus a. auroreus

  206. Siberian Stonechat  ______  SS  may,jun    
    Saxicola stejnegeri

  207. Blue Rock Thrush  ______  
    Monticola solitarius philippensis 
    (subspecies with a reddish belly)

  208. White’s (Ground) Thrush  ______   
    Zoothera aurera toratugumi

  209. Siberian (Ground) Thrush  ______   
    Zoothera sibirica davisoni

  210. Brown-headed Thrush  (JAneb)   ______  SS  may,jun
    Turdus c. chrysolaus

    The Brown-headed Thrush has been called the Brown Thrush. 

  211. Pale Thrush   ______ 
    Turdus pallidus

  212. Eye-browed Thrush  ______   SS  may
    Turdus obscurus

    The Eye-browed Thrush is also called the Grey-headed Thrush.

  213. Dusky Thrush  ______  FW  jan,feb,dec   
    Turdus eunomus 

  214. Japanese (Grey) Thrush  ______  SS  may   
    Turdus cardis

    The Japanese Thrush has been called the Grey Thrush.

  215. Asian Stubtail  ______  SS  may,jun   
    Cettia s. squameiceps

    The Asian Stubtail was called the Short-tailed Bush Warbler.

  216. Japanese Bush Warbler   ______ 
    Cettia diphone

  217. Zitting Cisticola  ______  
    Cisticola juncidis brunniceps

    The Zitting Cisticola has been called the Fan-tailed Warbler. 

  218. Lanceolated (Grasshopper) Warbler  ______  SS  jun
    Locustella lanceolata

  219. Middendorff's (Grasshopper) Warbler  ______
    Locustella ochotensis

  220. Gray’s (Grasshopper) Warbler  ______  
    Locustella fasciolata amnicola

  221. Marsh Grassbird  (t3) ______  
    Megalurus p. pryeri

    The Marsh Grassbird has been called the Japanese Marsh Warbler. 

  222. Black-browed (or Schenk’s) Reed Warbler  ______  SS  jun   
    Acrocephalus bistrigiceps 

  223. Oriental Reed Warbler   ______  
    Acrocephalus orientalis 

  224. Eastern Crowned Warbler  ______  SS  may,jun 
    Phylloscopus coronatus

  225. Sakhalin Leaf Warbler  ______  SS  may,jun
    Phylloscopus borealoides

    The Sakhalin Leaf Warbler was part of the Pale-legged Leaf Warbler.  

  226. Japanese Leaf Warbler  ______  
    Phylloscopus xanthodryas

    The Japanese Leaf Warbler, Phylloscopus xanthodryas, that nests in Hokkaido, was part of the Arctic Warbler, Phylloscopus borealis. The Arctic Warbler occurs as a migrant in Japan.      

  227. Arctic Warbler  ______      
    Phylloscopus borealis

  228. Kamchatka Leaf Warbler  ______
    Phylloscopus examinandus

    The Kamchatka Leaf Warbler, Phylloscopus examinandus, is a second split from the Arctic Warbler. It migrants through Japan.

  229. Goldcrest   ______  SS,FW  jan,jun,nov,dec
    Regulus regulus japonensis

  230. Blue-and-white Flycatcher  ______  SS  may,jun  
    Cyanoptila c. cyanomelana

  231. Asian Brown Flycatcher  ______  SS  jun    
    Muscicapa d. dauurica

  232. Dark-sided (or Siberian) Flycatcher  ______  SS  jun  
    Muscicapa s. sibirica

  233. Narcissus Flycatcher  (JAneb)  ______  SS  jun  
    Ficedula narcissina

  234. Long-tailed Bushtit  ______  SS,FW  jan,may,dec
    Aegithalos caudatus caudatus  

    The Long-tailed Bushtit has been called the Long-tailed Tit.

  235. Marsh Tit  ______   SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec
    Parus palustris hensoni

  236. Willow Tit   ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun  
    Parus montanus restrictus

  237. Varied Tit  (JAneb)  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,dec   
    Parus varius varius

  238. Coal Tit  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,dec     
    Parus ater insularis

  239. Eastern Great Tit   ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec
    Parus minor minor

    The Eastern Great Tit, Parus minor, was conspecific with the Northern Great Tit of Europe, Parus major.

  240. Siberian Nuthatch  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec
    Sitta asiatica

    The Siberian Nuthatch, Sitta asiatica, was part of the Eurasian Nuthatch, Sitta europaea. 

  241. Eurasian Treecreeper  ______  FW jan,feb,nov
    Certhia familiaris daurica   

  242. Japanese White-eye  ______  summer resident   
    Zosterops japonica yesoensis 
    (subspecies only on Hokkaido & nearby south Sakhalin Island)

  243. Bull-headed Shrike  ______  SS  jun   
    Lanius b. bucephalus

  244. Brown Shrike  ______  summer resident
    Lanius cristatus

  245. Great Grey Shrike  ______  FW  jan
    Lanius excubitor

    The Great Grey Shrike is also known as the Northern Shrike.  

  246. Eurasian Jay  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec
    Garrulus (glandarius) brandtii

    The jay on Hokkaido, known as the Brandt's Jay, Garrulus brandtii, is said also to be a subspecies of the Eurasian Jay, Garrulus glandarius. 
    Some say that the jay elsewhere in Japan is the Japanese Jay, Garrulus japonicus, including the subspecies  tokugawae, hiugaensis, and orii.           

  247. Oriental Magpie  ______  FW  feb
    Pica pericea

    The Oriental Magpie, Pica pericea, was part of the Eurasian Magpie, Pica pica, and was considered conspecific with the Black-billed Magpie of North America, Pica hudsonia.   

  248. Spotted Nutcracker  ______  year-round resident
    Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica

  249. Rook  ______  FW  jan  
    Corvus frugilegus

  250. Carrion Crow   ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec  
    Corvus corona orientalis

  251. Large-billed Crow  ______  SS, FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec  
    Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis

    The Large-billed Crow was conspecific with the Jungle Crow of southern Asia, Corvus levaillantii.

  252. Northern Raven  ______  FW  jan,feb,dec
    Corvus corax

    Corvus corax kamtschaticus
    is a rare winter visitor to Hokkaido, but it may now be more common than previously.

  253. Chestnut-cheeked Starling  (nt) (JAeb)    ______   summer resident   
    Sturnus phillippensis 

    The Chestnut-cheeked Starling is also called the Violet-backed Starling, or Myna.

  254. White-cheeked (or Grey) Starling   ______  FW  feb   
    Sturnus cineraceus

  255. Eurasian Tree Sparrow  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec
    Passer montanus saturatus

  256. Russet (or Cinnamon) Sparrow  ______  SS  may,jun  
    Passer rutilans

  257. Brambling  ______  FW  jan  
    Fringilla montifringilla

  258. Oriental (or Grey-capped) Greenfinch  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec  
    Carduelis sinica

  259. Eurasian Siskin  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,jun,nov  
    Carduelis spinus

  260. Common Redpoll  ______  FW  jan,nov
    Carduelis flammea flammea

  261. Hoary (or Arctic) Redpoll  (JAr)  ______ 
    Carduelis hornemanni

  262. Red (or Common) Crossbill  ______  FW
    Loxia cirvirostra japonica

    Both Loxia cirvirostra and Loxia leucoptera (below) can be irruptive in northern Japan.

  263. White-winged (or Two-barred) Crossbill  (JAr)  ______   
    Loxia leucoptera

  264. Asian Rosy Finch   ______  FW  jan,feb,nov  
    Leucosticte arctoa brunneonucha 

  265. Pallas'  Rosefinch  ______  fall/winter (Oct-Apr)
    Carpodacus vinaceus

  266. Long-tailed Rosefinch  ______  SS,FW  may,nov,dec   
    Uragus sibiricus

  267. Eurasian Bullfinch ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,nov  
    Pyrrhula pyrrhula

  268. Pine Grosbeak  ______   SS  jun
    Pinicola enucleator sakhalinensis

  269. Japanese Grosbeak  ______  SS,FW  jan,may,jun,nov  
    Eophona p. personata

  270. Hawfinch  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun,dec  
    Caccothraustes caccothraustes japonicus

  271. Snow Bunting  ______  FW  jan
    (was Plectrophenax) nivalis  

  272. Lapland Bunting (or Longspur ______ FW  jan
    Calcarius lapponicus lapponicus

  273. Grey Bunting  (JAneb)  ______  SS  may   
    Emberiza v. variabilis

  274. Black-faced Bunting  ______  SS  may,jun  
    Emberiza spodocephala 

  275. Meadow Bunting  ______  SS  jun   
    Emberiza cioides ciopsis

  276. Yellow-breasted Bunting  ______  SS  jun 
    Emberiza aureola 

  277. Chestnut-eared (or Grey-headed) Bunting  ______    
    Emberiza f. furcata 

  278. Rustic Bunting  ______  FW  jan,dec  
    Emberiza rustica latifascia 

  279. Elegant (or Yellow-throated) Bunting   ______    
    Emberiza e. elegans

  280. Common Reed Bunting   ______  FW  dec   
    Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina