PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-800-721-9986
 or 302/529-1876



Jaegers to Woodpeckers

those found during 
Focus On Nature Tours 
noted with an (*)

Part 2 of a List of Mexico Birds
with some photos,
compiled by Armas Hill 

a name from an Aztec word, "Quetzalli", meaning "precious" or "beautiful" 

Links to Other Parts of this Mexico Bird List:

Part 1: Tinamous to Shorebirds     Part 3: Manakins to Buntings

ALSO IN PART 3:   Pelagics, Vagrants & Rarities, Hypotheticals, and Extinct Birds or those presumed to be so.

Cumulatively, there have been 12 FONT birding & nature tours in Mexico. 


a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International.
              (t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt):    a near-threatened species globally.
(i):      an introduced species.

(MXe):  a species endemic to Mexico

In the list that follows, relating to sightings during FONT tours, the Mexican region & the months are noted.  

BC:   in Baja California
CZ:   on Cozumel Island
   in Sonora
YP:   on & near the Yucatan Peninsula   
lower-case letters indicate that the species occurs in the region, but not found (yet) during a FONT tour   

The birds in the list below are coded as to their status IN MEXICO:
(MX1):  endangered
(MX2):  threatened 
(MX3):  of special concern (or near-threatened)  

(ph):  species with a photo in this FONT web-site

A fine book, "Jungle of the Maya" has recently been published (in 2006) by the University of Texas Press. In it, there some very good photographs of wildlife in Belize, and in nearby Guatemala & Mexico. In the following lists, pages in that book with photos of particular species are referred to with a (p. xx)       


Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Central America & Mexico

Birds of Cozumel Island, Mexico     Birds of Sonora, Mexico     Birds of the Yucatan region of Mexico

Mammals of Mexico  (with some photos)     Amphibians & Reptiles of Mexico  (with some photos)

Butterflies of Mexico  (with some photos)

Directory of Photos in this Website


 Bird-List, Part #2:

  1. Pomarine Jaeger ______  
    Stercorarius pomarinus

  2. Parasitic Jaeger ______
    Stercorarius parasiticus

  3. Long-tailed Jaeger  ______
    Stercorarius longicaudus

  4. South Polar Skua ______
    Stercorarius maccormicki 

  5. Laughing Gull  (*) ______   CZ:dec  SN:aug  YP:mar,jun,nov
    Larus atricilla 

  6. Franklin's Gull  (*)  ______  sn  YP:nov
    Larus pipixcan

  7. Bonaparte's Gull  (*) ______   SN:jan
    Larus philadelphia

  8. Heermann's Gull  (*) ______ (MX3)  bc  SN:jan,aug  (a Mexican endemic breeder)
    Larus heermanni

    Heermann's Gull
    (photo by Armas Hill)

  9. Mew Gull _____  bc
    Larus canus brachyrhnchus

  10. Ring-billed Gull  (*) ______  bc  SN:jan  yp
    Larus delawarensis

    A Ring-billed Gull in Sonora, Mexico along the coast of the Sea of Cortez  
    (photo by Abram Fleishman) 

  11. California Gull  (*) _____  bc  SN:jan  
    Larus californicus

    California Gull
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  12. "American" Herring Gull  (*)  ______  cz  SN:jan,aug  YP:nov
    Larus argentatus smithsonianus

  13. Thayer's Gull _____  bc  sn
    Larus thayeri

  14. Lesser Black-backed Gull  (*)  ______  YP:mar,nov
    Larus fuscus graellsii

    An adult Lesser Black-backed Gull
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  15. Kelp Gull  _____  yp  (may best be listed as a vagrant, but this South American species has occurred repeatedly, since November 1987, in the northern Yucatan)
    Larus domincanus

    An adult Kelp Gull
    (photo by Alan Brady)
  16. Yellow-footed Gull  (*) ______ (MX3)   bc  SN:jan,aug
    Larus livens

    Yellow-footed Gulls, along the coast of the Sea of Cortez
    (photos by Abram Fleishman)

  17. Western Gull ______ bc  sn
    Larus occidentalis wymani

  18. Glaucous-winged Gull ______  bc  sn
    Larus glaucescens

  19. Gull-billed Tern  (*) ______  SN:jan  YP:mar,jun,nov
    (formerly Sterna) nilotica vanrossemi  

  20. Sandwich Tern  (*)  ______ cz  YP:mar,jun,nov
    (formerly Sterna) sandvicensis acuflavida

  21. Royal Tern  (*) ______ bc  CZ:mar,dec  SN:jan,aug  YP:mar,jun,nov
    (formerly Sterna) m. maxima

  22. Elegant Tern  (*) ______  (nt) (MX3)  bc  SN:jan,aug
    (formerly Sterna) elegans

  23. Caspian Tern  (*) ______  bc  cz  SN:jan,aug  YP:mar,nov
    (formerly Sterna) caspia  (monotypic)

    The Caspian Tern, the largest of the world's terns, in flight.
    (photo by Abram Fleishman)

  24. Roseate Tern ______ (MX3)  cz  YP:mar  (occurs at Cozumel Island)
    Sterna d. dougallii

  25. Common Tern  (*) ______  cz  SN:aug
    Sterna h. hirundo

  26. Forster's Tern  (*) ______   SN:jan,aug  YP:mar
    Sterna forsteri 

    A Forster's Tern in non-breeding plumage
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  27. Least Tern  (*)  ______  (MX3)   CZ:jun  SN:aug  YP:mar,jun
    Sternula antillarum
    Sternula antillarum browni ______
    (in west Mexico & California)

  28. Bridled Tern ______ (MX3)  cz  yp  (occurs at Cozumel Island)
    Onychoprion anaethetus

    Bridled Tern
    (photo by Alan Brady)

  29. Sooty Tern  _____  cz  yp
    Onychoprion fuscata

  30. Black Tern  (*)  ______  SN:aug  yp
    Chlidonias niger surinamensis

    Black Tern
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  31. Brown Noddy ______  cz  yp (offshore) 
    Anous stolidus

  32. Black Skimmer  (*) ______  cz  sn  YP:mar,nov
    Rynchops n. niger

    Black Skimmer
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  33. Common Murre  _____  bc (winter)
    Uria aalge californica

  34. Craveri's Murrelet  (*) _____   SN:jan
    Synthliboramphus craveri

  35. Common (or Feral) Pigeon (i) (*) ______ bc  CZ:mar,jun,dec  SN:jan,aug,sep  YP:mar,jun,nov,dec
    Columba livia

  36. Red-billed Pigeon  (*)  ______ sn  YP:mar,jun,nov
    (formerly Columba) flavirostris

  37. Pale-vented Pigeon  (*) ______ (MX3)   YP:jun,nov
    (formerly Columba) cayennensis pallidicrissa

  38. Scaled Pigeon  (*) ______ (MX3)  YP:jun
    (formerly Columba) speciosa  (monotypic)

  39. White-crowned Pigeon  (*)  ______ (MX2)   CZ:mar,jun,dec  yp
    (formerly Columba) leccocephala

  40. Band-tailed Pigeon ______  sn
    (formerly Columba) fasciata
    Patagioenas faciata vioscae ______

    Band-tailed Pigeon
    (photo by Fred Lesser)

  41. Short-billed Pigeon ______ (MX3) 
    (formerly Columba) nigrirostris  (monotypic)

  42. African Collared Dove (i) _____  CZ:mar
    Streptopelia roseogrisea

  43. Eurasian Collared Dove (i) (*) _____  SN:jan.aug,sep  YP:mar
    Streptopelia decocto    

  44. White-winged Dove (*) ______   CZ:mar,jun  SN:jan,aug,sep  YP:mar,jun,nov
    Zenaida a. asiatica

    White-winged Dove
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  45. Zenaida Dove  (*)  ______ (MX3)   CZ:mar  YP:nov  
    Zenaida aurita salvadorii

    A Zanaida Dove photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  46. Mourning Dove (*) ______ cz  SN:jan,aug,sep  YP:mar,jun 
    Zenaida macroura 

  47. Inca Dove  (*) ______  SN:jan,aug
    (or said by some to Scardafella) inca  (monotypic)

    Inca Doves
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  48. Common Ground Dove (*) ______ bc  CZ:mar,jun,dec  SN:jan,aug,sep  YP:mar,jun,dec
    Columbina passerina pallescens

  49. Plain-breasted Ground Dove______ 
    Columbina minuta interrupta

  50. Ruddy Ground Dove  (*) ______ CZ:dec  sn  YP:mar,jun,nov,dec
    Columbina taipacoti 

  51. Blue Ground Dove  (*) ______ cz  YP:jun,nov
    Claravis pretiosa 

  52. Maroon-chested Ground Dove _____  (MX2)
    Claravis mondetoura salvini

  53. White-tipped Dove  (*) ______ sn  YP:mar,jun,nov,dec  (was called White-fronted Dove)
    Leptotila verreauxi 

  54. Gray-headed Dove______   (has been considered by some to be conspecific with the Gray-fronted Dove of South America)
    Leptotila p. plumbeiceps

  55. Caribbean Dove  (*) ______   CZ:mar,jun,dec  yp
    Leptotila jamaicensis gaumeri

  56. Gray-chested Dove ______ 
    Leptotila cassinii cerviniventris

  57. Ruddy Quail-Dove  (*) ______ YP:jun,nov
    Geotrygon m. montana

  58. White-faced Quail-Dove  (*) ______ (MX2)
    Geotrygon albifacies 
    (now monotypic)

  59. Tuxtla Quail-Dove  ______  (t2) (MX1) (MXe)  (was part of the Purplish-backed Quail-Dove, Geotrygon lawrenci, in southern Central America) 
    Geotrygon carrikeri

  60. Scarlet Macaw______ (MX1) (p. 111)
    Ara macao cyanopterus

    Scarlet Macaws

  61. Military Macaw ______ (MX1)  sn
    Ara militaris mexicanus

  62. Green Parakeet ______ (MX2)  sn
    Psittacara (formerly Aratinga) holochlora 

  63. Pacific Parakeet ______  (MX2)
    (formerly Aratinga) strenua  (monotypic)

  64. Socorro Parakeet  ______  (MX2) 
    (formerly Aratinga) brevipes

    The Socorro Parakeet is endemic to Isla Socorro in the Pacific Ocean. It was conspecific with the Green and Pacific Parakeets. 

  65. Aztec Parakeet  (*)  ______ (MX3)  YP:mar,jun,nov,dec 
    (formerly Aratinga) astec 

    The Aztec Parakeet was conspecific with the Jamaican Parakeet of the West Indies. When so, it was then called Olive-throated Parakeet. 

    Aztec Parakeets
    (photo by Dick Tipton)

  66. Orange-fronted Parakeet  (*) ______ (MX3)
    (formerly Aratinga) canicularis 

  67. Thick-billed Parrot _____ (MX1) (MXe)
    Rhynchopsitta pachyhyncha

  68. Maroon-fronted Parrot _____ (MX2) (MXe)
    Rhynchopsitta terrisi

  69. Barred Parakeet______ (MX2)
    Bolborhynchus l. lineola

  70. Mexican Parrotlet _____ (MX3) (MXe)  sn
    Forpus cyanopygius

  71. Orange-chinned Parakeet______ (MX2)  (another name has been "Tovi Parakeet"
    Brotogeris j. jugularis

  72. Brown-hooded Parrot  (*) ______ (MX2)  YP:mar,jun,nov
    Pionopsitta h. haematotis

    A Brown-hooded Parrot photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Z. Gardner)

  73. White-crowned Parrot______ (MX2)
    Pionus senilis 

  74. White-fronted Amazon  ______ sn  YP:mar,nov
    Amazona albifrons 


    White-fronted Amazon
    (photo by Dick Tipton) 

  75. Yucatan Amazon  (*)  ______ (MX3)  CZ:dec  YP:mar,jun,nov,dec  (another name is Yellow-lored Amazon)
    Amazona xantholora

  76. Red-crowned Amazon  (*)  ______  (t2) (MX1) (MXe)
    Amazona viridigenalis

  77. Lilac-crowned Parrot  (*) ______ (MX2) (MXe)  sn
    Amazona finschi

  78. Red-lored Amazon  (*)   ______  YP:mar,jun,nov  (p. 17)
    Amazona a. autumnalis

  79. Yellow-headed Amazon ______ (MX1)
    Amazona oratrix 

  80. Yellow-naped Amazon  ______  (t2) (MX1)  
    Amazona a. auropalliata 

    The Yellow-naped Amazon has been considered conspecific with the Yellow-headed Amazon of Mexico and the Yellow-crowned Amazon of Honduras.

  81. Mealy Amazon  ______ (MX2)
    Amazona farinosa 

  82. Black-billed Cuckoo ______  yp
    Coccyzus erythropthalmus

  83. Yellow-billed Cuckoo (*)  ______ cz  SN:aug,sep  YP:nov
    Coccyzus americanus 
    (now monotypic)

  84. Mangrove Cuckoo  (*)  ______   CZ:jun  sn YPjun
    Coccyzus minor

    Mangrove Cuckoo
    (photo by Marie Grenouillet)

  85. Squirrel Cuckoo  (*) ______ sn  YP:mar,nov,dec
    Piaya cayana 

    Squirrel Cuckoo
    (photo by Dick Tipton)

  86. Groove-billed Ani  (*) ______ cz,sn  YP:mar,jun,nov,dec
    Crotophaga sulcirostris 
    (now monotypic, as a "second form" that was in Mexico is now extinct)

    Groove-billed Ani
    (photo by Alan Brady)

  87. Smooth-billed Ani  (*)  ______ (MX2)  cz  YP:jun  (occurs on Cozumel Island, and along the nearby coast of Quintana Roo)
    Crotophaga ani

    Smooth-billed Ani
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  88. Striped Cuckoo______ yp
    Tapera naevia excellens

  89. Lesser Ground Cuckoo______
    Morococcyx erythropygus

  90. Lesser Roadrunner  (*) ______ sn  YP:mar,jun
    Geococcyx velox 
    (now monotypic)

  91. Greater Roadrunner (*)  ______   SN:jan,aug,sep
    Geococcyx californianus

    Greater Roadrunner
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  92. Pheasant Cuckoo  (*)  ______  YP:jun
    Dromococcyx phasianellus 
    (now monotypic)

  93. Barn Owl ______ cz  sn  yp
    Tyto alba 

  94. Flammulated Owl ______  sn
    (formerly Otus) flammeolus

  95. Eastern Screech Owl  (*) ______ (MX3)
    (formerly Otus) asio mccallii
  96. Western Screech Owl ______  bc  sn
    (formerly Otus) kennicottii

    Western Screech Owl
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  97. Balsas Screech Owl  (*) ______  (nt) (MX3) (MXe)
    (formerly Otus) seductus

  98. Bearded Screech Owl (nt)______  (nt) (MX2) (has also been called Bridled Screech Owl)
    (formerly Otus) barbaus  (monotypic)

  99. Vermiculated Screech Owl  (*)  ______  cz  YP:mar,nov  (was at one time considered part of what was then the "Variable Screech Owl" of Central America & South America) 
    (formerly Otus) g. guatemalae 

  100. Pacific Screech Owl______ (MX3)  (formerly said to be part of Western Screech-Owl of North America)
    (formerly Otus) c. cooperi

  101. Whiskered Screech Owl  (*) ______  sn
    (formerly Otus) trichopsis

  102. Crested Owl ______ (MX2)
    Lophostrix cristata stricklandi

  103. Spectacled Owl ______ (MX2)
    Pulsatix perspicillata saturata

  104. Great Horned Owl______  sn  yp
    Bubo virginianus 
    (Subspecies, B. v. mayensis  (MX2), in the region of the Yucatan Peninsula) 

  105. "Ridgway's" Ferruginous Pygmy Owl  (*)  ______  sn  YP:mar,jun,nov,dec   
    Glaucidium brasilianum cactorum 
    (west Mexico)  sn
    Glaucidium brasilianum ridgwayi 
    (elsewhere in Mexico)  YP

    Ferruginous Pygmy Owl
    (photo by Dick Tipton)

  106. Central American Pygmy Owl ______ (MX3)  sn  (formerly considered conspecific with what's now the East Brazilian Pygmy-Owl of east Brazil in South America; the bird with the expanded range was called the Least Pygmy Owl)
    Glaucidium griseiceps

  107. Tamaulipas Pygmy Owl ______ (MX1) (MXe)
    Glaucidium sanchezi

  108. Colima Pygmy Owl ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Glaucidium palmarum

  109. Mountain Pygmy Owl  (*) ______  sn
    Glaucidium gnoma  

  110. Cape Pygmy Owl ______  (MXe)  bc
    Glaucidium hoskinsii

  111. Elf Owl (*)  ______   SN:aug,sep
    Micrathene whitneyi

  112. Burrowing Owl  (*)  ______  sn  YP:nov(YP:rare)
    Athene cunicularia

  113. Mottled Owl  (*) ______ sn  YP:jun,nov
    Strix virgata 

  114. Black-and-white Owl______ (MX2)  yp
    (formerly Ciccaba) nigrolineata  (monotypic)

  115. Spotted Owl ______ (MX2)  sn
    Strix occidentalis

    A "Mexican" Spotted Owl photographed during a FONT tour

  116. Barred Owl ______ (MX3)
    Strix varia sartorii

    Barred Owl
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  117. Fulvous Owl______ (MX2) (closely related to the Barred Owl)
    Strix fulvescens 

  118. Northern Long-eared Owl ______  sn
    Asio otus wilsonianus

  119. Stygian Owl ______  (MX3)  cz  
    Asio stygius 

  120. Striped Owl  (*)  ______ (MX2)   YP:nov
    Pseudoscops clamator forbesi

  121. Short-eared Owl ______ (MX3)  sn
    Asio f. flammeus

  122. Northern Saw-whet Owl _____  sn
    Aegolius a. acadicus

  123. Unspotted Saw-whet Owl _____ (MX2)
    Aegolius ridgwayi

  124. Great Potoo ______ (MX2)
    Nyctibius grandis guatemalensis

  125. Northern Potoo  (*)  ______ cz  YP:nov
    Nyctibius jamaicensis mexicanus

    A Northern Potoo at rest during the day 
    (photo during a FONT tour by Alan Brady) 
  126. Common Nighthawk  (*) ______ CZ:jun  sn  YP:mar
    Chordeiles minor 
    (as many as 8 subspecies occur in Mexico as migrants) 

  127. Lesser Nighthawk (*) ______ bc  CZ:mar,jun  SN:sep  YP:mar,nov
    Chordeiles acutipennis 

  128. Short-tailed Nighthawk ______   (has also been called the Semicollared Nighthawk)
    Lurocalis semitorquatus stonei

  129. Pauraque  (*) ______   CZ:mar,jun  sn  YP:mar,jun,nov,dec
    Nyctidromus albicollis 
    (the single member of its genus)  

    A Pauraque photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  130. Common Poorwill (*)  ______   SN:jan,aug,sep
    Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

  131. Eared Poorwill  ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Nyctiphrynus meleodii

  132. Yucatan Poorwill  (*)______ CZ:mar,jun  YP:nov,dec
    Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus 

  133. Chuck-will's-widow  ______  yp
    Caprimulgus carolinensis

  134. Tawny-collared Nightjar ______
    Caprimulgus salvini

  135. Yucatan Nightjar  (*)  ______  CZ:mar,jun  YP:nov,dec
    Caprimulgus badius

  136. Buff-collared Nightjar (or "Cookacheea") (*) ______  SN:aug
    Caprimulgus ridgwayi 

  137. Whip-poor-will  (*) ______  sn   
    Caprimulgus vociferus 

  138. Spot-tailed Nightjar ______ 
    Caprimulgus maculicaudus

  139. White-naped Swift  (*)  ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Streptoprocne semicollaris

  140. White-collared Swift  (*) ______ 
    Streptoprocne zonaris 

  141. Chestnut-collared Swift  (*) ______ 
    Cypseloides rutilus 

  142. American Black Swift ______  sn 
    Cypseloides niger 

  143. White-fronted Swift ______  (nt) (MX3) (MXe)  (described as recently as 1992; previously considered part of the White-chinned Swift, which occurs further south in Central America)
    Cypseloides cryptus

  144. Chimney Swift  (*) ______  cz
    Chaetura pelagica

  145. Vaux's Swift  (*) ______   CZ:mar,jun,dec  sn  YP:jun,nov,dec
    Chaetura vauxi  
    Chaetura vauxi gaumeri 
    (subspecies in the area of the Yucatan Peninsula)

  146. White-throated Swift  (*) ______  sn
    Aeronautes saxatalis 

  147. Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift ______ (MX3)  
    Panyptila cayennensis 

  148. Great Swallow-tailed Swift ______ (MX3)
    Panyptila sanctihieronymi

  149. Long-billed Hermit______ (p. 30)  (was part of a wider-ranging Long-tailed Hermit, now restricted to South America)
    Phaethornis longirostris

  150. Mexican Hermit ______  (MXe)
    Phaethornis mexicanus

  151. Stripe-throated Hermit______ (MX3)  (p. 30)  (was part of a wider-ranging Little Hermit, now in northeast South America; by some this Central American birds have been called Boucard's Hermit, Phaethornis adolphi)
    Phaethornis striigularis 
    (genus was Pygmornis)

  152. Wedge-tailed Sabrewing  (*) ______ YP:mar,jun,nov
    Campylopterus curvipennis 

  153. Long-tailed Sabrewing ______  (nt) (MX3) (MXe)
    Campylopterus excellens

  154. Rufous Sabrewing ______ (MX3)
    Campylopterus rufus 

  155. Violet Sabrewing ______ (MX3)
    Campylopterus h. hemileucurus

  156. White-necked Jacobin ______  
    Florisuga m. mellivora

  157. Green Violet-ear  (*) ______  
    Colibri t. thalassinus 

    A Green Violetear photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Rosemary Lloyd)

  158. Green-breasted Mango  (*) ______ CZ:mar,jun,dec YP:mar  (another name has been "Prevost's Mango")
    Anthracothorax prevostii

    A Green-breasted Mango photographed during the FONT March 2009 Mexico Tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  159. White-eared Hummingbird  (*) ______  sn
    Basilinna leucotis

    A White-eared Hummingbird photographed during a FONT tour

  160. Xantu's Hummingbird ______  bc  (endemic to Baja California)
    Basilinna xantusii

    A Xantu's Hummingbird at a feeder.
    This bird was actually photographed out-of-range
    in British Columbia, Canada, during FONT's Pacific Coast Tour, in September 1998.
    This species is a resident in Baja California, Mexico, and does not migrate.

  161. Emerald-chinned Hummingbird ______ (MX3)  (another name has been "Abeille's Hummingbird")
    Abeillia abeillei 
    (the single member of its genus)

  162. Short-crested Coquette ______  (t1) (MX1) (MXe)
    Lophornis brachylopha

  163. Black-crested Coquette______ (MX3)
    Lophornis helenae 

  164. Canivet's Emerald  (*) ______ YP:mar,jun,nov  (was part of the former Fork-tailed Emerald)
    Chlorostilbon canivetii 

  165. Golden-crowned Emerald  (*) ______  (MXe)  (was part of the former Fork-tailed Emerald)
    Chlorostilbon auriceps 

  166. Cozumel Emerald  (*)  ______  (MXe)  CZ:mar,jun,dec  (endemic to Cozumel Island) (was part of the former Fork-tailed Emerald
    Chlorostilbon forficatus

    Two photographs of the Cozumel Emerald during the FONT March 2009 Mexico Tour 
    (photos by Marie Gardner)

  167. Dusky Hummingbird  (*) _____ (MXe)
    Cynanthus sordidus

  168. Broad-billed Hummingbird  (*)  _____  SN:jan
    Cynanthus latirostris

  169. Doubleday's Hummingbird ______  (MXe)
    Cynanthus doubledayi

  170. Mexican Woodnymph  (*) ______  (t3) (MX3) (MXe)
    Thalurania ridgwayi 

  171. Blue-throated Sapphire ______  (has also been called Blue-throated Goldentail)
    Hylocharis e. eliciae

  172. White-bellied Emerald  (*) ______ YP:mar,nov  (p. 31)
    Amazilia candida 

  173. Azure-crowned Hummingbird ______ (another name has been Red-billed Azurecrown
    Amazilia cyanocephala

  174. Berylline Hummingbird  (*)  ______  SN:aug
    Amazilia beryllina 

  175. Blue-tailed Hummingbird______ 
    Amazilia cyanura guatemalae

  176. Cinnamon Hummingbird  (*) ______ cz  YP:mar,nov,dec
    Amazilia rutila corallirostris

    A Cinnamon Hummingbird photographed during the FONT March 2009 Mexico Tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  177. Buff-bellied Hummingbird  (*) ______ YP:mar,jun,nov  (another name has been Fawn-breasted Hummingbird
    Amazilia y. yucatanensis 

  178. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird  (*) ______ YP:jun,nov  (p. 31)
    Amazilia t. tzacatl

    Rufous-tailed Hummingbird

  179. Violet-crowned Hummingbird _____  sn
    Amazilia violiceps

  180. Green-fronted Hummingbird ______ (MX2) (MXe)
    Amazilia viridifrons

  181. Cinnamon-sided Hummingbird ______ (MXe)
    Amazilia wagneri

  182. Stripe-tailed Hummingbird ______
    Eupherusa eximia

  183. White-tailed Hummingbird ______  (t3) (MX2) (MXe)
    Eupherusa poliocerca

  184. Blue-capped Hummingbird ______  (t2) (MX2) (MXe)
    Eupherusa cyanophrys

  185. Amethyst-throated Hummingbird  (*) ______  (another name has been "Cazique Hummingbird")
    Lampornis amethystinus salvini

  186. Green-throated Mountain-gem ______ (MX3)
    Lampornis viridipallens ovandensis  

  187. Blue-throated Mountain-gem  (*)  ______  sn  (has been called Blue-throated Hummingbird)
    Lampornis clemenciae

  188. Garnet-throated Hummingbird ______ (MX2) 
    Lamprolaima rhami 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  189. "Rivoli's" Magnificent Hummingbird  (*) ______  sn 
    Eugenes f. fulgens  

  190. Purple-crowned Fairy______ (MX3) (p. 8 & 31)
    Heliothryx barroti 

  191. Plain-capped Starthroat ______  sn
    Heliomaster constantii 

  192. Long-billed Starthroat ______ (MX3)
    Heliomaster longirostris  

  193. Slender Sheartail ______ (MX3)   
    Doricha enicura 

  194. Mexican Sheartail  (nt) (MX1) (MXe) (*)  ______   YP:mar,jun,nov 
    Calothorax eliza 
    (monotypic, but 2 geographically distinct populations: one in the northern Yucatan where it is threatened, and another smaller population in Veracruz where it is critically endangered)

    The northern Yucatan population of the Mexican Sheartail is found exclusively in a narrow coastal strip, only about one kilometer wide, mainly between mangroves and tropical deciduous forest. It has also been found to breed in gardens.
    The Veracruz population occurs in undisturbed, dry deciduous forest and overgrazed habitats at about 25 kilometers inland.

    The Mexican Sheartail has been observed feeding at flowers of Ipomoea, Justicia, and Helicteres guazumaefolia, and its diet is supplemented by small anthropods. The bird is often close to the ground.

    In the northern Yucatan, nesting takes place August-April, with recently fledged young reported in February and March

    Two photographs of Mexican Sheartails during the FONT March 2009 Mexico Tour.
    Upper photo: a male; lower photo: a female.    
    (photos by Marie Gardner)   

  195. Lucifer Sheartail  (*)  ______  sn  (has been called Lucifer Hummingbird)
    Calothorax lucifer

  196. Beautiful Sheartail  (*)  ______  (MXe) (has been called Beautiful Hummingbird)
    Calothorax pulcher

  197. Sparkling-tailed Woodstar  ______ (MX2)  (another name has been "Dupont's Hummingbird")
    Tilmatura dupontii 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  198. Ruby-throated Hummingbird  (*)  ______  cz  YP:mar,nov
    Archilochus colubris 

  199. Black-chinned Hummingbird (*)  ______  SN:sep
    Archilochus alexandri

    A female Black-chinned Hummingbird

  200. Anna's Hummingbird ______  bc  sn
    Archilochus anna

  201. Costa's Hummingbird ______  bc  sn
    Archilochus costae

    A male Costa's Hummingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  202. Calliope Hummingbird _____  sn
    Archilochus calliope

  203. Broad-tailed Hummingbird  (*) ______  sn
    Selasphorus platycercus 
    (monotypic, as S. p. guatemalae now merged)

  204. Rufous Hummingbird ______  sn
    Selasphorus rufus

  205. Allen's Hummingbird ______  sn
    Selasphorus sasin

  206. Bumblebee Hummingbird ______  (MXe)
    Selasphorus heloisa

  207. Wine-throated Hummingbird ______ (MX2)  (another name has been "Elliot's Hummingbird")
    Atthis ellioti

  208. Resplendent Quetzal  ______  (nt) (MX1)  
    Pharomachrus m. mocinno
    (Quetzal is from an aztec word "quetzalli" meaning "precious" or "beautiful".)   

    Resplendent Quetzal
  209. Eared Quetzal ______  (nt) (MX2) (MXe)  sn
    Euptilotis neoxenus

  210. Slaty-tailed Trogon______ (MX2)  (p. 13)  (another name has been "Massena Trogon")
    Trogon m. massena

  211. Citreoline Trogon  (*)  ______  (MXe) 
    Trogon citreolus

  212. Black-headed Trogon  (*) ______ YP:mar,jun,nov  (was considered conspecific with the Citreoline Trogon)
    Trogon melanocephalus 
    (now monotypic)

    Black-headed Trogon
    (note the blue eye-ring)

  213. Mountain Trogon  (*) ______  sn (another name has been "Mexican Trogon")
    Trogon m. mexicanus

  214. Elegant Trogon  (*)  ______   SN:jan,aug
    Trogon elegans

  215. Collared Trogon  (*) ______ (MX3)   YP:nov
    Trogon collaris 

  216. Gartered Trogon  (*) ______ YP:mar,jun  (p. 46)  (was part of the Violaceous Trogon of South America)

    Gartered Trogon 
    (note the yellow eye-ring) 

  217. Ringed Kingfisher  (*) ______   YP:jun,nov   (p. 68)
    (formerly Ceryle) t. torquata

    A Ringed Kingfisher photographed during a FONT tour

  218. Belted Kingfisher  (*) ______ CZ:dec  SN:jan  YP:mar,nov
    (formerly Ceryle) alcyon  (monotypic)

  219. Amazon Kingfisher______ 
    Chloroceryle amazona 
    (now monotypic)

  220. Green Kingfisher  (*) ______ SN:jan  yp  (p. 68)
    Chloroceryle americana septentrionalis

    A Green Kingfisher photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Andy Smith)

  221. American Pygmy Kingfisher  (*) ______ cz  YP:mar,jun  (p. 68)
    Chloroceryle aenea stictoptera

    An American Pygmy Kingfisher photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Andy Smith) 

  222. Tody Motmot ______ (MX2)
    Hylomanes momotula 
    (the single member of its genus)

  223. Blue-throated Motmot ______ (MX2)
    Aspatha gularis 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  224. Turquoise-browed Motmot  (*) ______ YP:mar,jun,dec
    Eumomota superciliosa 
    (the single member of its genus) 

    Turquoise-browed Motmot
    (photo by Alan Brady)

  225. Keel-billed Motmot ______  (t3) (MX1)
    Electron carinatum

  226. Russet-crowned Motmot ______  sn 
    Momotus mexicanus 

  227. Blue-crowned Motmot  (*)  ______  YP:jun,nov  (p. 13)
    Momotus momota 

    Blue-crowned Motmot photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Grenouillet)

  228. Rufous-tailed Jacamar ______ (MX2) (p. 56-57)
    Galbula ruficauda melanogenia

    A Rufous-tailed Jacamar photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Andy Smith)

  229. White-necked Puffbird ______ (MX2)  yp
    Notharchus macrorhynchos

  230. White-whiskered Puffbird ______ (MX2)  (an alternate name would be White-whiskered Softwing)
    Malacoptila panamensis inornata

  231. "White-throated" Emerald Toucanet ______ (MX3) (p. i)  
    Aulacorhynchus prasinus 

  232. Collared Aracari  (*) ______ (MX3)  YP:nov  (p. 16)
    Pteroglossus torquatus erythrozonus 

    Collared Aracari
    (photo by Alan Brady)

  233. Keel-billed Toucan  (*) ______ (MX2)  YP:mar,jun,nov  (p. v)
    Ramphastos s. sulfuratus

    Keel-billed Toucan 

  234. Lewis' Woodpecker ______  sn
    Melanerpes lewis

  235. Acorn Woodpecker (*)  ______   SN:jan,aug,sep
    Melanerpes formicivorus 

    Acorn Woodpecker
    (photo by Armas Hill)

  236. Black-cheeked Woodpecker ______   (p. 27)
    (formerly Centurus or Tripsurus) pucherani  (monotypic)

  237. Golden-cheeked Woodpecker  (*)  ______  (MXe)
    (formerly Centurus) cjrysogenys 

  238. Gray-breasted Woodpecker ______  (MXe)
    (formerly Centurus) hypopolius
  239. Yucatan Woodpecker  (*)  ______   CZ:mar,jun  YP:mar,jun,nov  (another name has been Red-vented Woodpecker
    (formerly Centurus) pygmaeus 

  240. Golden-fronted Woodpecker  (*) ______ CZ:jun,dec  YP:mar,jun,nov,dec
    (formerly Centurus) aurifrons 


    The local race of the Golden-fronted Woodpecker in the Yucatan area of Mexico,
    Melanerpes (formerly Centurus) aurifrons dubius
    (photo courtesy of Dick Tipton)

  241. Gila Woodpecker (*)  ______  bc  SN:jan,aug,sep
    (formerly Centurus) uropygialis

    Gila Woodpecker
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  242. Yellow-bellied Sapsucker  (*) ______ cz  sn  yp
    Sphyrapicus varius 

  243. Red-naped Sapsucker ______ sn
    Sphyrapicus nuchalis

    A Red-naped Sapsucker photographed during a FONT tour 

  244. Red-breasted Sapsucker ______  bc  sn
    Sphyrapicus ruber daggetti

  245. Williamson's Sapsucker ______  sn
    Sphyrapicus thyroideus

  246. Ladder-backed Woodpecker (*)  ______ cz  SN:sep  YP:jun
    Picoides scalaris

    Two Photos of Ladder-backed Woodpeckers
    (upper photo by Howard Eskin)
    (lower photo by Abram Fleishman in Sonora, Mexico)

  247. Nuttall's Woodpecker ______  bc
    Picoides nuttallii

  248. Hairy Woodpecker  (*) ______  sn
    Picoides villosus 

  249. Arizona Woodpecker ______  sn  (this & the Strickland's Woodpecker were considered conspecific)
    Picoides arizonae

  250. Strickland's Woodpecker ______ (MX3) (MXe)
    Picoides stricklandi

  251. Smoky-brown Woodpecker  (*) ______ YP:nov
    Veniliornis fumigatus 

  252. Bronze-winged Woodpecker  (*)  ______ (MXe)
    Piculus aeruginosus

  253. Golden-olive Woodpecker  (*)
    Piculus rubiginosus  (2 subspecies in Mexico)
    Piculus rubiginosus maximus
    Piculus rubiginosus yucatanensis  (*) _____ 

    Golden-olive Woodpecker
    (photo courtesy of Dick Tipton)

  254. Gray-crowned Woodpecker ______ (MXe)  sn
    Piculus auricularis

  255. Northern Flicker ______  sn 
    Colaptes auratus 

  256. Gilded Flicker  (*)  ______   SN:jan
    Colaptes chrysoides

    Gilded Flicker
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  257. Chestnut-colored Woodpecker  (*)  ______ (MX3)   YP:jun  (p. 5 & 129)
    Celeus castaneus 

  258. Lineated Woodpecker  (*)  ______ sn  YP:jun  (p.5)
    Dryocopus lineatus 

  259. Pale-billed Woodpecker  (*) ______ (MX3)  sn  YP:mar,nov
    Campephilus guatemalensis

    A Pale-billed Woodpecker photographed during a FONT tour in Mexico  
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

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