PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876

Amphibians and Reptiles 
of the
Caribbean


On West Indian Islands 

Noting those found during 
Focus On Nature Tours with an (*)


including: 
Salamanders
Toads & Frogs (seen or heard), 
Turtles
Lizards
Snakes

A list compiled by Armas Hill


UPPER RIGHT PHOTO: LOGGERHEAD SEA TURTLE



Links to Groupings in this List:

AMPHIBIANS:
   Toads    True Frogs    Tree Frogs & Coquis

REPTILES:    Sea Turtles    Freshwater Turtles    Crocodiles    Geckos    Iguanas

Anoles    Whip-tail Lizards    Anguidae Lizards (inc Galliwasps)    Snakes


Other Links:

Itineraries for Upcoming FONT Caribbean Tours in the West Indies  

A List & Photo Gallery of Caribbean birds, in 2 parts: 
Part #1: Guineafowl to Hummingbirds
    
Part #2: Trogons to Buntings

Lists of Birds for:

the Cayman Islands
     the Dominican Republic    
Jamaica     
the Lesser Antilles
     Puerto Rico     

Butterflies & Moths in the Caribbean  (with some photos)

Mammals of the Caribbean  (with some photos)

Fish of the Caribbean    Other Marine Life  (including Corals, Jellyfish, Arthropods)


  Codes:

     
(*): seen, or heard, during FONT tours 

        Threatened species, designated in the IUCN Red Data List: 
        (t1): critically endangered (some possibly extinct)
        (t2): endangered
        (t3): vulnerable

        (nt): a near-threatened species 

        (iWI):  introduced in the West Indies

        (He): species endemic to Hispaniola  (DRe): endemic to the Dominican Republic

        (ph):   species with a photo in the FONT website


        AB:  Antigua & Barbuda
        BD:  Barbados
        CU:  Cuba
        CY:  Cayman Islands
        DM:  Dominica
        DR:  Dominican Republic on the island of Hispaniola
        GD:  Guadeloupe
        HA:  Haiti on the island of Hispaniola 
        JM:  Jamaica
        MQ:  Martinique
        MT:  Montserrat
        NA:  Netherlands Antilles 
        PR:  Puerto Rico
        SL:  Saint Lucia         

  

          AMPHIBIANS:


        
  Family  BUFONIDAE
  (Toads) 

  1. Giant Toad  (SP: Sapo Comun)  ______  AB:Antigua  CY:Grand Cayman  DR(*)  PR(*)  (also called Marine Toad or Cane Toad (species described by Linnaeus in 1758) 
    Rhinella
    (formerly Bufo) marinus 

    Bufo marinus was introduced in the Caribbean from South America.

  2. Hispaniolan Crested Toad  (t1) (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Peltophryne
    (formerly Bufo) fluviaticus

  3. Eastern Crested Toad  (t2) (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1972)
    Peltophryne
    (formerly Bufo) fracta

  4. Southern Crested Toad  (t3) (He)  ______  DR
    Peltophryne
    (formerly Bufo) guentheri 


    Family MICROHYLIDAE

  5. Eastern Narrowmouth Toad  ______  CY 
    Gastrophryne carolinensis

    Gastrophryne carolinensis
    was introduced and is well established in the Cayman Islands. It is native to the southeast US.
     

    Family RANIDAE  (True Frogs)

  6. Bull Frog  (ph)  ______  DR(*)  PR  
    Rana catesbeiana

  7. Puerto Rican Ditch Frog  ______  DR  PR
    Leptodactylus albilabris



    Family HYLIDAE  (Tree Frogs)

  8. Hispaniolan Green Treefrog  (t3) (He)  ______  DR
    Hypsiboas
    (formerly Hyla) heilprini

  9. Hispaniolan Laughing Treefrog  (He)  ______  DR  
    Osteopilus dominicensis 

  10. Hispaniolan Giant Treefrog  (t2) (He)  ______  DR
    Osteopilus vastus

  11. Hispaniolan Yellow Treefrog  (t2) (He) (ph)  ______  DR(*)
    Osteopilus pulchrilineatus



    A Hispaniolan Yellow Treefrog photographed during a FONT tour
    in the Dominican Republic in February 2012
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  12. Jamaican Laughing Treefrog ______  JM  (also called Savanna-la-Mar Treefrog)
    Osteopilus brunmeus

  13. Yellow Bromeliad Frog  ______  JM  (another name is Spalding's Treefrog
    Osteopilus marianae

    The Yellow Bromeliad Frog is endemic to Jamaica.

  14. Green Bromeliad Frog  ______  JM  (another name is Wilder's Treefrog)
    Osteopilus wilderi

    The Green Bromeliad Frog is endemic to Jamaica.

  15. Cuban Treefrog  (*)  ______  AB:Antigua  CU  CY(*)   (range is the Bahamas, Cuba, & the Caymans: Grand Cayman, Little Cayman, & Cayman Brac) (introduced on Antigua)
    Osteopilus septentrionalis


    Family LEPTODACTYLIDAE  (Leptodactylid Frogs)  

    Worldwide, this has been an extremely large family with over 800 rather diverse species, in more than 50 genera. 

    Traditionally, the genus ELEUTHERODACTYLUS has contained more species than any genus in the vertebrates, over 500.

  16. Mottled Coqui  ______  PR:rare, possibly extinct
    Eleutherodactylus eneidae

  17. Cricket Coqui  ______  PR:common  
    Eleutherodactylus gryllus

  18. Tree-hole Coqui  ______  PR:common  
    Eleutherodactylus hedricki

  19. Web-footed Coqui  ______  PR:rare, possibly extinct 
    Eleutherodactylus karischmidti

  20. Warty Coqui  ______  PR:rare
    Eleutherodactylus locustus

  21. Caoba Coqui  (SP: Coqui Caoba)  ______  PR:rare
    Eleutherodactylus richmondi

  22. Burrow Coqui  (SP: Coqui Duende)  ______  PR:common
    Eleutherodactylus unicolor

  23. Antillean Coqui  (SP: El Churi)  ______  PR(*):common 
    Eleutherodactylus antillensis

  24. Grass Coqui  (SP: Coqui de las Yerbas)  ______  PR(*):common
    Eleutherodactylus brittoni

  25. Whistling Coqui  (SP: Coqui Pitio)  ______  PR:rare
    Eleutherodactylus cochranae

  26. Tuck-wheep Frog  (He)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus abbotti

  27. Eleutherodactylus aduanti  (t2) ______  DR

  28. Barahona Rock Frog  (t2) (He)  ______  (species described in 1971)
    Eleutherodactylus alocoae

  29. Mozart Frog  (t1) (He)  ______  HA  (prior to October 2010, last seen in 1991)
    Eleutherodactylus amadeus 

  30. Eleutherodactylus apostates  (He)  ______  DR

  31. Baoruco Hammer Frog  (t2) (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1933)
    Eleutherodactylus armstrongi

  32. South Island Telegraph Frog  (t3) (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1934)
    Eleutherodactylus audanti

  33. Northern Hammer Frog  (t2) (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus auriculatoides 

  34. Eleutherodactylus bakeri  ______  DR

  35. Eleutherodactylus brevirostris  (t2)  ______  DR

  36. Hispaniolan Crowned Frog  (t1) (He)  ______  HA  (rediscovered, January 2011)
    Eleutherodactylus corona

  37. Hispaniolan Ventriloquial Frog  (t1) (He)  ______  HA  (rediscovered, January 2011)
    Eleutherodactylus dolomedes

  38. Eleutherodactylus eunaster  ______  DR

  39. Yellow Split-toed Frog  (nt) (He)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus falvescens

  40. Khaki Bromeliad Frog  (t1) (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1973)
    Eleutherodactylus fowleri

  41. La Selle Red-legged Frog  (t1) (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1963)
    Eleutherodactylus furcyensis 

  42. La Hotte Glanded Frog  (t1) (He)  ______  HA  (rediscovered, January 2011)
    Eleutherodactylus glandulifer

    Eleutherodactylus glandulifer
    has striking sapphire-colored eyes.



    La Hotte Glanded Frog

  43. La Selle Grass Frog  (t1) (He)  ______  HA  (species last seen in 1985) 
    Eleutherodactylus glanduliferoides

  44. Eleutherodactylus glaphycampus  ______  DR

  45. Montane Cricket Frog  (t2) (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus haitianus

  46. Half-stripe Bromeliad Frog  (t2) (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1963)
    Eleutherodactylus heminota

  47. Baoruco Burrowing Frog  (t2) (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1965)
    Eleutherodactylus hypostenor

  48. Hispaniolan Giant Frog  (He)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus inoptatus

  49. La Selle Dusky Frog  (t1) (He)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus jugans


  50. Eleutherodactylus lamprotes  _____  DR

  51. Southern Pastel Frog  (t1) (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1963)
    Eleutherodactylus leoncei

  52. Cordillera Central Telegraph Frog  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1966)
    Eleutherodactylus melatrigonum 

  53. Hispaniolan Weeping Frog  (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus minutus

  54. Hispaniolan Montane Frog  (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus montanus


  55. Spiny Giant Frog  (t1) (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1976)
    Eleutherodactylus nortoni

  56. Neiba Telegraph Frog  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1966)
    Eleutherodactylus notidodes

  57. Neiba Whistling Frog  (t1) (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1964)
    Eleutherodactylus parabates

  58. Coastal Red-rumped Frog  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1975)
    Eleutherodactylus parallius 

  59. Macaya Burrowing Frog  (t1)  _____  HA  (prior to January 2011, last seen in 1996)
    Eleutherodactylus parapelates

  60. Hispaniolan Cordilleran Frog  (t2) (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (another name has been High Mountain Frog)
    Eleutherodactylus patricaiae

  61. Yellow-mottled Frog  (t3) (He)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus pictissimus

  62. Hispaniolan Melodious Frog  (t3) (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus pituinus

  63. Boca de Yuma Frog  (t2) (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1965)
    Eleutherodactylus probolaeus

  64. Rucilla Streamside Frog  (He)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus ruciliensis

  65. Baoruco Red-legged Frog  (t1) (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus rufifemoralis

  66. Eastern Burrowing Frog  (t2) (He)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus ruthae

  67. Hispaniolan Streamside Frog  (t1) (He)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus schmidti

  68. Massif du Nord Whistling Frog  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1977)
    Eleutheodactylus sommeri 

  69. Macaya Breast-spot Frog  (t1)  _____  HA  (rediscovered, January 2011)
    Eleutherodactylus thoreltes

    Eleutherodactylus thoreltes
    is one of the smallest frogs in the world.



    Macaya Breast-spot Frog

  70. Vallejuelo Burrowing Frog  (He)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus tychathrous

  71. Eleutherodactylus ventrilineatus  ______  DR

  72. Hispaniolan Red-rumped Frog  (He)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus weinlandi

  73. Tiburon Whistling Frog  (t30 (He)  ______  DR
    Eleutherodactylus wetmorei

  74. Greenhouse Frog  ______  CY(*)  (range is the Bahamas, Cuba, & the Caymans: Grand Cayman & Cayman Brac)
    Eleutherodactylus planirostris

  75. Eleutherodactylus iberia  ______  CU

    Eleutherodactylus iberia is reputedly the Northern Hemisphere's smallest frog, at 1cm in length.

  76. Eleutherodactylus symingtoni  ______  CU

    Eleutherodactylus symingtoni lives in caves and rocky shelters in just a very few locations in montane forests in western Cuba. The population may be no more than just 250 individuals.

  77. Lesser Antillean Whistling Frog  (Coqui Antillano)  (another name is the Johnstone's Whistling Frog 
    Eleutherodactylus johnstonei  ______  AB
    (*):on both Antigua & Barbuda  DM

    Eleutherodactylus johnstonei is widespread throughout the Lesser Antilles. It was introduced on Dominica in the 1980s.

  78. Gounouj  (t2)  ______  DM  (endemic)  (species described in 1994)
    Eleutherodactylus amplinympha  

    Recently discovered, Eleutherodactylus amplinympha only occurs in the highlands of Dominica where it is most common in the transition zone between the montane rainforeet and elfin woodland. But it also can be found in a broader range of altitudes, and co-existing with Eleutherodactylus martinicensis.    

  79. Martinique Robber Frog  (or "Tink Frog") (nt)  ______  DM
    Eleutherodactylus martinicensis

    Eleutherodactylus martinicensis
    is a regional endemic on several islands in the Lesser Antilles. On Dominica, it is abundant in the rainforest, and uncommon in dry coastal forest.
    Local populations are being displaced on Dominica by Eleutherodactylus johnstonei along part of the west (or Caribbean) coast.     
     

    It is likely that more species in the genus Eleutherodactylus, and other frogs, are still to be found, but no sooner are they discovered than they are placed on a "critically endangered list".

  80. Giant Ditch Frog (or "Mountain Chicken"(t1)  ______  DM  MT  
    Leptodactylus fallax

    Leptodactylus fallax is a critically endangered species. It now occurs on the islands of Montserrat and Dominica, where it is usually found in moist forests. 
    Populations are infected with chytridiomycosis, and thus the severe decline. 
    Also referred to as chytrid, chytridiomycosis is caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, and has triggered mass amphibian die-offs in many parts of the world. 
    The disease was found to have reached Dominica in 2002, and has since resulted in the death of about 80 per cent of the island's population of Leptodactylus fallax.

    The "Mountain Chicken", also locally known in Dominica as the "Crapaud", is one of the largest frogs in the world, at 8 inches in length. It can cover up to 8 feet in a single leap. The tadpoles are up to 6 inches long (5 inches of it tail).

    Males can be heard at times calling loudly for mates. Mating occurs terrestrially, with females caring for their young by feeding the tadpoles on unfertilized eggs in damp underground burrows.

    The "Mountain Chicken" was widely eaten in Dominica prior to its legal protection in 2002. It has been in fact the national dish of the island. Now, it is off the menu. It is also part of the country's coat of arms, and it is widely referred to in songs and poems.      

    On Dominica, the natural range of the Great Ditch Frog is on the western (or Caribbean) side of the island from sea level to 400 meters in elevation.

    The "Mountain Chicken" is ranked highly on the EDGE Amphibian List, which makes it a priority species for conservation attention and action.


    REPTILES:


    Family CHELONIIDAE  (Hard-shelled Sea Turtles, 6 species worldwide) 

  81. "Atlantic" Green (Sea) Turtle (t2) (ph)  ______  AB  CY  DM(p)(*)  (species described by Linnaeus in 1758) 
    Chelonia mydas mydas

    (In Antigua & Barbuda: nests on both islands, and some offshore islets)
    (In the Cayman Islands: adults nest & juveniles forage; all 3 islands)
    (In Dominica: regularly seen in coastal waters; it nests on both coasts, but mainly on northern beaches, and primarily from June to October)  

     

    An "Atlantic" Green (Sea) Turtle
    seen off Dominica during a FONT Lesser Antilles Tour in  March 2000

  82. Loggerhead (Sea) Turtle (t2) (ph)   ______  AB  CY   DM   (species described by Linnaeus in 1758) 
    Caretta caretta

    (In Antigua & Barbuda: only in offshore waters; does not nest) 
    (In the Cayman Islands: nests on all 3 islands)
    (in Dominica: rare in offshore waters, mainly found around Soufriere Bay and in the Martinique and Guadeloupe Channels; it has not been recorded as nesting on Dominica)    



    Loggerhead Sea Turtle
    (photo by Alan Brady)


  83. Hawksbill (Sea) Turtle (t1) (*)  ______  AB  CY  DM  PR   (species described by Linnaeus in 1766)
    Eretmochelys imbricata 

    (In Antigua & Barbuda: nests on both islands and on some offshore islets)
    (In the Caymans has been extirpated as a nester; juveniles forage on all 3 islands)
    (in Dominica: regularly seen in coastal waters; nests on both coasts, but on northern beaches, and primarily from May to October) 

  84. Kemp's Ridley (Sea) Turtle (t1) ______   
    Lepidochelys kempii

    The Kemp's Ridley is the world's rarest sea turtle. it breeds in the Gulf of Mexico, then it drifts north & east into the colder north Atlantic Ocean (to about 15 degrees C.), as far as northwest Europe.

  85. Olive Ridley (Sea) Turtle (t2) ______ 
    Lepidochelys olivacea


    Family DERMOCHELYIDAE 
      (a single species)

     
  86. Leatherback (Sea) Turtle (t1) (ph)  ______  AB  DM
    Dermochelys coriacea  

    (In Antigua & Barbuda: nests on both islands)
    (in Dominica: fairly rare, recorded from Martinique and Guadeloupe Channels; nesting occurs from April to June, primarily on the south and east (Atlantic) coast beaches) 


    Family EMYDIDAE  (Freshwater Turtles)

  87. Antillean Slider  (nt)  ______  DR(*)  (in mostly the northern & eastern Dominican Republic) 
    Trachemys stejnegeri



    Antillean Sliders photographed during the FONT tour
    in the Dominican Republic in April 2012
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  88. Haitian Slider  (t3)  ______  
    Trachemys decorata

  89. Taco River Slider (or Hickatee)  ______  CY(*)  (range in Cuba & the Caymans: Grand Cayman & Cayman Brac)
    Trachemys decussata
    Trachemys decussata angusta 
    (subspecies in the Caymans)

  90. Red-eared Slider  (ph)  ______  CY(*):Grand Cayman  
    Trachemys scripta  

    The Red-eared Slider (a subspecies of the Pond Slider) was introduced in the Caribbean from the southeast US. 



    Red-eared Slider
    (photo by Howard Eskin)



    Family TESTUDINIDAE

  91. Red-footed Tortoise (iWI)   ______   AB:Barbuda(*)  DM  (native to South America, where it is widespread, in: Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, & Argentina, also in part of Panama & in Trinidad; introduced on many islands in the Caribbean) (another name is the Savanna Tortoise)
    Geochelone carbonaria   



    Family CROCODYLIDAE  (Crocodile Family, 14 species worldwide) 

  92. American Crocodile (t3) ______  DR(*)  (range in the West Indies is Hispaniola, Jamaica, Cuba, & the Caymans as a rare visitor: Little Cayman & Cayman Brac; at one time the crocodile was common in the Caymans, hence the name of the islands)   
    Crocodylus acutus  

  93. Cuban Crocodile  (t1)  ______  CU  
    Crocodylus rhombifer

    The Cuban Crocodile is a small species, averaging 2.4 meters in length. It is highly endangered, found only in Cuba's Zapata Swamp.

    The Cuban Crocodile hybridizes with the American Crocodile, Crocodylus acutus.  


    Family AMPHISBAENIDAE

  94. Barahona Amphisbaena  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1965)
    Amphisbaena hyporissor

  95. Tiburon Amphisbaena  (He)  ______  DR
    Amphisbaena innocens

  96. Hispaniolan Dwarf Amphisbaena  (He)  ______  DR
    Amphisbaena manni


    Family SCINCIDAE 

  97. Hispaniolan Pin-striped Skink  (He)  ______  DR
    Mabuya lineolata


    Family GYMNOPHTHALMIDAE

  98. Smooth-scaled Worm Lizard  ______  DR  GD  (also called Underwood's Spectacled Tegu (species described in 1958)
    Gymnophthalmus underwoodi 


    Family GEKKONIDAE  (Geckos)

  99. Desert Gecko  ______  DR
    Aristelliger expectatus

  100. Wood Slave (name in the Caymans), Croaking Lizard (name in Jamaica)  ______  CY  (range is Jamaica & the Caymans: Grand Cayman, Little Cayman, Cayman Brac)
    Aristelliger praesignis
    Aristelliger praesignis praesignis 
    (subspecies in the Caymans) 

  101. Hispaniolan Desert Gecko  (He)  ______  DR
    Aristelliger expectatus

  102. Hispaniolan Giant Gecko  (He)  ______  DR
    Aristelliger lar

  103. Hispaniolan Desert Dwarf Gecko  (He)  ______  DR
    Sphaerocactylus altavelensis

  104. Jaragua Dwarf Gecko  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 2001)
    Sphaerodactylus ariasae

    The Jaragua Dwarf Gecko is said to be the world's smallest lizard.

  105. Southern Forest Dwarf Gecko  (He)  ______  DR
    Sphaerodactylus armstrongi

  106. Rough-banded Dwarf Gecko  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1976)
    Sphaerodactylus callocricus

  107. Orange-spotted Dwarf Gecko  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1968)
    Sphaerodactylus clenchi

  108. Haitises Striped Dwarf Cuckoo  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1946)
    Sphaerodactylus cochranae

  109. Desert Pygmy Dwarf Cuckoo  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1977)
    Sphaerodactylus cryphius

  110. Northern Forest Dwarf Cuckoo  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1968)
    Sphaerodactylus darlingtoni

  111. Hispaniolan Eyespot Dwarf Gecko  (He)  ______  DR
    Sphaerodactylus difficilis

  112. Ashy Dwarf Gecko  (He)  ______  DR
    Sphaerodactylus elegans

  113. Hispaniolan Tailspot Dwarf Gecko  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1993)
    Sphaerodactylus epiurus

  114. Spotted Agave Dwarf Gecko  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1988)
    Sphaerodactylus ladae

  115. Broken-stripe Dwarf Gecko  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1973)
    Sphaerodactylus leucaster

  116. Ocoa Dwarf Gecko  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1977)
    Sphaerodactylus ocoae

  117. Martin Garcia Dwarf Gecko  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1988)
    Sphaerodactylus perissodactylius

  118. Barahona Big-scaled Dwarf Gecko  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1992)
    Sphaerodactylus plummeri

  119. Barahona Speckled Dwarf Gecko  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1968)
    Sphaerodactylus randi

  120. Two-striped Dwarf Gecko  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1970)
    Sphaerodactylus rhabdotus 

  121. Haitises Banded Gecko  (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Sphaerodactylus samanensis

  122. Altagracia Speckled Dwarf Gecko  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1968)
    Sphaerodactylus savagei

  123. Neiba Agave Dwarf Gecko  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1998)
    Sphaerodactylus schuberti

  124. Hispaniolan Small-eared Dwarf Cuckoo  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1977)
    Sphaerodactylus streptophorus

  125. Barahona Limestone Dwarf Gecko  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1976)
    Sphaerodactylus thompsoni  

  126. Upland Gecko  (SP: Salamanquita Negra)  ______  PR
    Sphaerodactylus klauberi

  127. Common Dwarf Gecko  (SP: Salamanquita, or Geco) ______  PR
    Sphaerodactylus macrolepis 

  128. Ground Gecko (or Wood Lizard______  CY  (endemic in the Caymans: Grand Cayman, Little Cayman, Cayman Brac)
    Sphaerodactylus argivus
    Sphaerodactylus argivus argivus 
    (subspecies: on all 3 of the Cayman Islands)
    Sphaerodactylus argivus lewisi 
    (subspecies on Grand Cayman)
    Sphaerodactylus argivus bartschi 
    (subspecies on Little Cayman) 


  129. Ocellated Gecko  ______  JM  
    Sphaerodactylus argus argus 

  130. Fantastic Least Gecko  ______  DM
    Sphaerodactylus fantasticus fuga 
    (subspecies on Dominica)

    The Fantastic Least Gecko is a regional endemic in the Lesser Antilles. 

    (In Dominica, found at scattered locations along the west (Caribbean) coast)  

  131. Vincent's Least Gecko  ______  DM  (In Dominica: confined to wet, high elevations)
    Sphaerodactylus vincenti

  132. Turnip-tailed Gecko  ______  DM  (also called Tree Gecko)  (In Dominica: widespread)
    Thecadactylus rapicauda

  133. Northern Woodslave  (SP: Salamanquesa) (i)  ______  PR  
    Hemidactylus brooki  

  134. Dominican Leaf-toed Gecko  ______  DR  (species described in 1980)
    Phyllodactylus hispaniolae

  135. Aruban Leaf-toed Gecko  ______  NA
    Phyllodactylus julieni

    Phyllodactylus julieni is endemic to the island of Aruba.

  136. Tropical House Gecko  (i)  ______  AB:Antigua(*)  CY(*):all 3 islands  DM(*)  
    Hemidactylus mabouia

    The Tropical House Gecko is introduced in the Caribbean from South America/Africa.

    (On Dominica: widespread, usually around human habitation)   

  137. Yellow-headed Gecko  ______  CY:Grand Cayman  
    Gonatodes albogularis

    The Yellow-headed Gecko is introduced in the Caribbean from Central America. 


    Family IGUANIDAE  (Iguanas & allies)

    Members of the genus CYCLURA, occurring only in the Caribbean region, are known as "CYCLURIDS", or more commonly as "ROCK IGUANAS".  

  138. Rhinoceros Iguana  (t3) (ph)  ______  DR(*)  PR(Mona Island)(*) 
    Cyclura cornuta
    Cyclura cornuta stejnegeri 
    (subspecies: "Mona Island Iguana") (*)
    Cyclura cornuta onchiopsis 
    (subspecies: "Navassa Island Iguana",
    now believed to be extinct)

    The Rhinoceros Iguana is endemic to Hispaniola & on Mona Island that is part of Puerto Rico mid-way between Hispaniola & Puerto Rico.



    A Rhinoceros Iguana photographed during the FONT tour 
    in the Dominican Republic in April 2012
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  139. Ricord's Iguana  (t1) (He/DRe)  ______  DR(*)  (also called Hispaniolan Ground Iguana and Banded Iguana
    Cyclura ricordi

    The Ricord's Iguana is endemic to Hispaniola.

  140. Jamaican Iguana  ______
    Cyclura collei

  141. Cuban Iguana ______  CU  CY  (range in Cuba & the Caymans: Little Cayman & Cayman Brac)
    Cyclura nubila
    Cyclura nubila caymanensis 
    (subspecies "Lesser Cayman Iguana")

  142. (Grand Cayman) Blue Iguana   ______  CY(*)  (endemic to Grand Cayman) (a subspecies of the Cuban Iguana)
    Cyclura nubila lewisi

    A Blue Iguana may hold the record for the world's longest-living lizard, having lived about 69 years, with 54 of them in captivity
    It was captured on Grand Cayman in 1950 by the naturalist Ira Thompson, and then imported to the United States in 1985 by Ramon Noegel and sold to the reptile importer and breeder, Tom Crutchfield.
    Crutchfield loaned "Godzilla" to the Gladys Porter Zoo in Brownsville, Texas in 1997. It was at there at that zoo that the lizard was named "Godzilla" by the staff, and was kept until his death in 2004. 
    When Thompson captured the iguana on Grand Cayman, it was estimated to be 15 years of age.

  143. Anegada Ground Iguana  ______  (restricted to Anegada Island in the British Virgin Islands)
    Cyclura pinguis

  144. Turks and Caicos Rock Iguana  ______
    Cyclura carinata
    Cyclura carinata bartschi
     
    (subspecies: "Bartsch's Iguana")

  145. Northern Bahamian Rock Iguana  ______
    Cyclura cychlura
    Cyclura cychlura cychlura 
    (subspecies: "Andros Island Iguana")
    Cyclura cychlura figginsi 
    (subspecies: "Exuma Island Iguana")
    Cyclura cychlura inornata 
    (subspecies: "Allen Cays Iguana")

  146. San Salvador Iguana  ______
    Cyclura rileyi
    Cyclura rileyi cristata 
    (subspecies: "White Cay Iguana")
    Cyclura rileyi muchalis 
    (subspecies:
    "Acklins Iguana")

  147. Lesser Antillean Iguana  (t3)  ______  AB(Antigua)  DM(*)
    Iguana delicatissima

    The Lesser Antillean Iguana occurs throughout the Lesser Antilles on the islands of: Saint Barth, Anguilla, St. Martin, St. Eustatius, Antigua, Guadeloupe, Dominica, and Martinique.

    (In Dominica: common in certain areas on both the east (Atlantic) and west (Caribbean) coasts, and occasionally in the rainforest)

  148. Green Iguana  (iWI) (ph)  ______  CY(*)  DM(*) 
    Iguana iguana   

    The Green Iguana is introduced in the Caribbean from Central America.
     

    Family POLYCHROTIDAE  (Anoles & allies)

  149. Cuban Green Anole  (ph)  ______  CU  DR(i)(*)  (also introduced in southern Florida, USA)
    Anolis porcatus



    A Cuban Green Anole during the FONT tour
    in the Dominican Republic in April 2012
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  150. Puerto Rican Crested Anole  (SP: Lagartijo Comun)   ______  DM(*)  PR(*)  (also called Common Dwarf Lizard)
    Ctenonotus
    (or Anolis) cristatelllus

    The Puerto Rican Crested Anole is introduced on the Lesser Antillean island of Dominica, between 1997 & 2002, where it is limited to the southwest (Caribbean) coast in the area of Roseeau. 

  151. Puerto Rican Giant Anole  (SP: Lagartijo Verde) ______ PR
    Anolis cuvieri

  152. Pygmy Anole  (SP: Lagartijo Pigmeo) ______ PR
    Anolis occultus

  153. Emerald Anole  (SP: Lagartijo Verde) ______ PR
    Anolis evermanni 

  154. Yellow-bearded Anole  (SP: Lagartijo Barba Amarilla)  ______  PR  (also called Gundlach's Anole)
    Anolis gundlachi



    A Yellow-bearded, or Gundlach's Anole in Puerto Rico

  155. Upland Grass Anole  (SP: Lagartijo Jardinero de Montana)  ______  PR
    Anolis krugi  

  156. Sharp-mouthed Lizard  (SP: Lagartijo Jardinero) ______  PR
    Anolis pulchellus 

  157. Salmon Lizard  (SP: Lagartijo Manchado) ______  PR
    Anolis stratulus  

  158. Orange-armpit Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis aliniger

  159. Alto Velo Gracile Anole  (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Anolis altaveiensis

  160. Barahona Grass Anole  ______  DR  (species described in 1976)
    Anolis alumina

  161. Black-throated Stout Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis armouri

  162. Bahoruco Long-snouted Anole  ______  DR  (has also been called Bahoruco Bush Anole)
    Anolis bahorucoensis

  163. Dominican Giant Anole  (He/DRe) (ph)  ______  DR(*)
    Anolis baleatus



    Above & below: Dominican Giant Anoles photographed during 
    the FONT Dominican Republic Tour in February 2012
    (photos by Marie Gardner)



  164. Baoruco Giant Anole  ______  DR  (species described in 1962)
    Anolis barahonae

  165. Hispaniolan Hopping Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis barbouri

  166. Desert Gracile Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis brevirostris

  167. Northern Hispaniolan Green Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis chlorocyanus

  168. Big-fanned Trunk Anole  ______  DR  (species described in 1960)
    Anolis christophei   

  169. Southern Hispaniolan Green Anole  (ph)  ______  DR(*)
    Anolis coelestinus



    A Southern Hispaniolan Green Anole during the FONT tour
    in the Dominican Republic in April 2012 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  170. Hispaniolan Stout Anole  (ph)  ______  DR(*)  (also called the Large-headed Anole
    Anolis cybates



    Hispaniolan Stout, or Large-headed, Anole during the FONT tour
    in the Dominican Republic in April 2012 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  171. Hispaniolan Gracile Anole  (ph)  ______  DR(*)  (also called the Bark Anole)
    Anolis distichus



    Above & below: Hispaniolan Gracile, or Bark, Anoles during the April 2012 
    FONT Dominican Republic Tour at Boca de Yuma
    (photos by Marie Gardner)



  172. Cordillera Central (or Montane) Bush Anole  (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Anolis etheridgei 

  173. Black stream Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis eugenegrahami

  174. Green-banded Anole  (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Anolis fowleri

  175. LaSelle Long-snouted Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis henderoni 

  176. Cordillera Central Twig Anole  (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Anolis insolitus

  177. Anolis koopmani  ______  DR

  178. Barahona Stout Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis longitibialis

  179. Red-fanned Stout Anole  (He/DRe) (ph)  ______  DR(*)  (species described in 1975)
    Anolis marcanoi



    A Red-fanned Stout Anole photographed during the FONT tour
    in the Dominican Republic in April 2012  
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  180. La Hotte Bush Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis monticola

  181. Desert Grass Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis oissoni

  182. Neiba Twig Anole  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1989)
    Anolis placidus  

  183. Haitian Giant Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis ricordii

  184. Artibonita Bush Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis rimarum

  185. Banded Red-bellied Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis rupinae

  186. Hispaniolan Grass Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis semilineatus  

  187. Bahoruco Twig Anole  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1974)
    Anolis sheplani

  188. Cordillera Central Stout Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis shrevei

  189. Hispaniolan Twig Anole  ______  DR  (another name has been Green Twig Anole)  (species described in 1965)
    (another name has been Green Twig Anole)  (species described in 1965)
    Anolis singularis 

  190. Baoruco Stout Anole  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1979)
    Anolis strahmi

  191. Pallid Stout Anole  ______  DR
    Anolis whitemani  

  192. Blue-throated Anole (or Chameleon)  ______  CY  
    Anolis conspersus
    Anolis conspersus conspersus
    Anolis conspersus lewisi

    The Blue-throated Anole is endemic to Grand Cayman Island.

  193. Little Cayman Green Anole  ______  CY  
    Anolis maynardi

    The Little Cayman Green Anole is endemic to Little Cayman Island. It has been introduced on the island of Cayman Brac.  

  194. Brown Anole (or Bush Lizard ______   CY(*)  
    Anolis sagrei
    Anolis sagrei sagrei 
    (range of this subspecies is Cuba, Jamaica, the Bahamas, & the Caymans: Little Cayman & Cayman Brac; introduced on Grand Cayman; also coastal Central America)
    Anolis sagrei luteosignifer  (range of this subspecies is the same as Anolis s. sagrei, except in the Caymans where only on Cayman Brac) 


     

    Brown Anole
    (photo by Peter Mooney, during a FONT tour)

  195. Watt's Anole  ______   AB(*)
    Anolis wattsi forresti 
    (subspecies endemic on Barbuda; by some has been considered a distinct species)
    Anolis wattsi 
    (subspecies on Antigua)
     

  196. Leach's (or Antiguan) Anole  ______   AB(*)
    Anolis leachii

    The Leach's Anole is endemic to Antigua & Barbuda, occurring on both islands.    

  197. Redonda Anole  ______  AB
    Anolis nubilis

    The Redonda Anole is endemic to the Antiguan islet of Redonda.

  198. Dominican Anole  ______  DM(*)  (also called Eyed Anole, or "Tree Lizard")
    Anolis oculatus 

    Anolis oculatus is endemic to Dominica. There are 4 subspecies, recognized as ecotypes:
    A. o. oculatus
    A. o. cabritensis
    A. o. montanus
    A. o. winstoni
    Widespread and abundant in all areas below 900 meters in elevation. The south Caribbean ecotype is being displaced by competition from the invasive Anolis cristatellus. 

  199. Leopard Anole  ______   GD(*)
    Anolis mormoratus

    The Leopard Anole is endemic to the island of Guadeloupe

  200. Morne Constant Anole  ______  (was part of Anolis mormoratus)
    Anolis ferreus

    The Morne Constant Anole is endemic to Marie Galante Island, off Guadeloupe.

  201. Les Saines Anole  ______  (was part of Anolis mormoratus)
    Anolis terraealtae

    The Les Saines Anole is endemic to the islands Iles de Saintes, off Guadeloupe.


    Family TEIIDAE  (Whip-tailed Lizards)

  202. Common Ground Lizard ______  PR(*)
    Ameiva exsul  

  203. Hispaniolan Giant Ameiva  (He) (ph)  ______  DR(*)
    Ameiva chrysolaema



    A Hispaniolan Giant Ameiva during the April 2012 FONT Dominican Republic Tour 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  204. Pygmy Blue-tailed Ameiva  (He)  ______  DR
    Ameiva lineeolata

  205. Hispaniolan Blue-tailed Ameiva  (He)  ______  DR
    Ameiva taeniura

  206. Griswold's Ameiva  ______   AB:Barbuda(*)
    Ameiva griswoldi

    The Griswold's Ameiva has also been called the Antiguan Ground Lizard
    It is endemic to the island of Antigua & Barbuda. On Barbuda, it is common. On Antigua itself it does not occur, but it survives on a number of offshore islands and islets.

  207. Aruban Whiptail Lizard  ______  NA
    Cnemidophorus arubensis

    Cnemidophorus arubensis is endemic to Aruba and is the most common lizard on the island.

  208. Alto Velo Curlytail  (He)  ______
    Leiocephalus altavelensis

  209. Orange-bellied Curlytail  (He)  ______
    Leiocephalus barahonensis  

  210. Hispaniolan Maskless Curlytail  (He) (ph)  ______  DR(*)  (has also been called the Santo Domingo Curlytail)
    Leiocephalus lunatus



    Above & below: Photos of a Hispaniolan Maskless Curlytail
    during a FONT Dominican Republic Tour in February 2012   
    (photos by Marie Gardner)



  211. Hispaniolan Masked Curlytail  (He)  ______  DR
    Leiocephalus personatus

  212. Hispaniolan Khaki Curlytail  (He)  ______  DR
    Leiocephalus schreibersii

  213. Hispaniolan Pale-bellied Curlytail  (He) (ph)  ______  DR(*)
    Leiocephalus semilineatus



    A Hispaniolan Pale-bellied Curlytail during the FONT tour
    in the Dominican Republic in April 2012
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  214. Curly-tailed Lizard (or Lion Lizard______  CY  (range in the Bahamas, Cuba, & the Caymans)
    Leiocephalus carinotus
    Leiocephalus carinotus varius 
    (subspecies on Grand Cayman)
    Leiocephalus carinotus granti 
    (subspecies on Little Cayman & Cayman Brac)


    Family ANGUIDAE

  215. Eastern Glass Lizard  ______  CY:Grand Cayman   
    Ophisaurus ventralis 

    The Eastern Glass Lizard is introduced on Grand Cayman Island, from Florida, US.


    Family ANGUIDAE  (Anguid Lizards)

  216. Puerto Rican Galliwasp ______  PR
    Diploglossus pleei  

  217. Montserrat Galliwasp  ______  MT
    Diploglossus montisserrati

    The Montserrat Galliwasp is a lizard endemic to Montserrat that was known for a while from one specimen collected in 1964. But it was rediscovered in 1998.  

  218. Serpentine Four-toed Galliwasp  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1971)
    Celestus agasepsoides

  219. Altagracia Giant Galliwasp  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1979)
    Celestus anelpistus

  220. Puerta Plata Giant Galliwasp  (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Celestus carraui

  221. Hispaniolan Khaki Galliwasp  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1951)
    Celestus curtissi

  222. Hispaniolan Striped Galliwasp  (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Celestus darlingtoni

  223. Hispaniolan Earless Galliwasp  (He)  ______  DR
    Celestus haetianus

  224. Pico Duarte Galliwasp  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1976)
    Celestus marcanoi

  225. Hispaniolan Four-toed Galliwasp  (He)  ______  DR
    Celestus sepsoides

  226. Hispaniolan Keeled Galliwasp  (He)  ______  DR
    Celestus stenurus

  227. Hispaniolan Giant Galliwasp  (nt) (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1970)
    Celestus watteni

  228. Garman's Galliwasp  ______  CY  (range is Jamaica & the Caymans: Little Cayman & Cayman Brac) 
    Celestus crusculus maculates

  229. Common Blind Snake Lizard ______  PR
    Amphisbaena caeca 



    Suborder SERPENTES  (Snakes)


    Family TYPHLOPIDAE   

  230. Cayman Islands Dwarf Boa  ______  CY(*)  (also called "Lazy Snake")
    Typhlops caymanensis
    Typhlops c. caymanensis 
    (subspecies on Grand Cayman)
    Typhlops caymanensis parkeri 
    (subspecies on Little Cayman)
    Typhlops caymanensis schwartzi 
    (subspecies on Cayman Brac)


    Typhlops caymanenis
    is endemic to the Cayman Islands. 

  231. "Blind Snake"  ______  CY  (endemic to the island of Cayman Brac)
    Typhlops epactia

    Typhlops epactia
    has been said to be Typhlops bimiensis epacta, a subspecies of the Antillean Blind Snake. 

  232. Common Worm Snake ______  PR
    Typhlops ricahardi

  233. Tail-spotted Worm Snake ______  PR
    Typhlops rostellata

  234. Bahoruco Blindsnake  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 2007)
    Typhlops eperopeus

  235. La Selle Blindsnake  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 2007)
    Typhlops proancylops

  236. Common Blindsnake  ______
    Typhlops pusillus

  237. Hispaniolan Giant Blindsnake  (He/DRe)  ______  DR
    Typhlops schwartzi

  238. Hispaniolan Bicolored Blindsnake  (He)  ______  DR
    Typhlops sulcatus

  239. Barahona Peninsula Blindsnake  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1965)
    Typhlops syntherus

  240. Big-eyed Blindsnake  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1989)
    Typhlops titanops  


    Genus RAMPHOTYPHLOPS

  241. Brahminy Blind Snake (or Flowerpot Snake______  CY:Grand Cayman  
    Ramphotyphlops bramimus

    The Brahminy Blind Snake was introduced on Grand Cayman Island from Pacific Asia. 


    Family LEPTOTYPHLOPIDAE

    Most species of LEPTOTYOHLOPIDAE look like shiny earthworms. They are pink or brown, but some are black.

  242. Two-lined Blind Snake  ______  SL
    Leptotyphlops bilineatus

    Leptotyphlops bilineatus is endemic to the island of Martinique.

  243. Saint Lucia Threadsnake  ______  SL
    Leptotyphlops breuili 

    Leptotyphlops breuili is endemic to the island of Saint Lucia. It is very small, up to 119mm.

  244. Barbados Threadsnake  ______  BD
    Leptotyphiops carlae

    Leptotyphiops carlae
    is endemic to the island of Barbados. It was only recently discovered in 2008, and is said now to be the smallest snake known to exist. 

  245. Martin Garcia Threadsnake  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1985)
    Mitophis (or Leptotyphiops) asbolepis

  246. Samana Threadsnake  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1985)
    Mitophis (or Leptotyphiops) calypso

  247. Barahona Threadsnake  (He)  ______  DR  (species described in 1965)
    Mitophis (or Leptotyphiops) pyrites


    Family TROPIDOPHIIDAE

  248. Hispaniolan Trope  (He)  ______  DR  ("Wood Snake")
    Tropidophis haetianus
      


    Family COLUBRIDAE 

  249. Puerto Rican Racer (or Ground Snake______  PR
    Alsophis portoricensis

  250. Cuban Racer (or Ground Snake (*)  ______  CY  (range in Cuba & the Caymans: Grand Cayman, Little Cayman, Cayman Brac)
    Alsophis cantherigerus
    Alsophis cantherigerus caymanus 
    (subspecies: Grand Cayman)
    Alsophis cantherigerus fuscicauda 
    (subspecies: Cayman Brac)
    Alsophis cantherigerus ruttyi 
    (subspecies: Little Cayman)
        

  251. Antiguan Racer  (t1)  ______  AB
    Alsophis antiguae

    The Antiguan Racer is one of the world's rarest snakes, nearing extinction. It has recently occurred only on the very small Great Bird Island, 2 miles northeast of Antigua, but it has been introduced to other small islands.
    it is green-brown, harmless, and up to 3 feet long. 

  252. Water Snake  ______  CY  (range Cuba & the Caymans: Grand Cayman)
    Tretanorhinus variabilis
    Tretanorhinus variabilis lewisi 
    (subspecies in the Caymans)   


    In the genus ARRHYTON, the "Island Racers", there are 12 species. 8 of them are endemic to Cuba.  

  253. Puerto Rican Garden Snake ______  PR
    Arrhyton exiguum

  254. Arrhyton supernum  ______  CU  

    Arrhyton supernum
    is endemic to Cuba. The species was described in 1992. 

  255. Arrhyton procerum  ______  CU  

    Arrhyton procerum
    is endemic to Cuba. The species was described in 1992.

  256. Hispaniolan Brown Racer  (He)  ______  DR
    Haitophis anomalus  


    In the following genus UROMACER, the "Pointed Snakes", there are 3 species.

  257. Blunt-headed Green Treesnake (or Vinesnake ______  DR
    Uromacer catesbyi

  258. Lesser Sharp-nosed Treesnake  (or Vinesnake)  (He)  ______  DR
    Uromacer frenatus


  259. Greater Sharp-nosed Treesnake  (or Vinesnake)  (He)  ______  DR
    Uromacer oxyrhynchus  

  260. Hispaniolan Hog-nosed Racer  (He)  ______  DR  (also called the Hispaniola Cat-eyed Snake)
    Hypsirhynchus ferox

  261. Hispaniolan Olive Racer  (He)  ______  DR
    Hypsirhynchus melanicnus

  262. Hispaniolan Lesser Racer  (He)  ______  DR
    Hypsirhynchus parvifrons

  263. Barahona Red-headed Racer  (He/DRe)  ______  DR  (species described in 1976)
    Ialtris agyrtes

  264. Hispaniolan White-headed Racer  (He)  ______  DR
    Ialtris dorsalis

  265. Hispaniolan Montane Racelet  (He)  ______  DR
    Ialtris haetianus 

  266. Saint Lucia Racer  (t1)  ______  LA  (also called Couresse)
    Liophis (formerly Leimadophis) ornatus

    Said to be the rarest snake in the world, Liophis ornatus occurs only on the tiny Maria Islet off Saint Lucia. 
    The snake was declared extinct back in 1936. Its population had declined on the island of Saint Lucia following the introduction there of the predatory Mongoose, causing the disappearance of the snake on the island.
    But on the offshore 30-acre, rocky Maria Islet it was found again in 1973. More recently, it was thought to have gone extinct again until 11 individuals were found there, on the islet, in 2012 (with information about the finding released in July of that year).   

    Liophis ornatus is a small, brown, non-venomous snake, that can be quite gentle and docile.   

  267. Baker's (or Aruba) Cat-eyed Snake  ______  NA  (also called Santanero)
    Leptoeira bakeri

    Leptoeira bakeri occurs on the island of Aruba. It is typically less than 50cm in length.

  268. Corn Snake  (i)  ______  CY:Grand Cayman
    Elaphe guttata 

    The Corn Snake was introduced on Grand Cayman Island from Florida in the US.


    Family BOIDAE


    EPICRATES
    is a genus of non-venomous boas in the West Indies, and also in South America and lower Central America.   

  269. Puerto Rican Boa  ______  PR
    Epicrates inornatus

  270. Mona Boa  ______  PR
    Epicrates monensis

    The Mona Boa is endemic to Mona Island, off the west coast of Puerto Rico. It grows to over 3 feet long. This species, with such a limited range, has been teetering back from the brink of extinction.  

  271. Hispaniolan Boa  (He)  ______  DR
    Epicrates striatus

  272. Hispaniolan Desert Boa  (He) ______  DR  (another name has been Haitian Ground Boa)
    Epricrates fordii

  273. Hispaniolan Gracile Boa  (He)  ______  DR  (another name has been Haitian Tree Boa
    Epricrates gracilis

  274. Jamaican Boa  ______  JM
    Epricrates subflavus

  275. Cuban Boa  ______  CU  (range in Cuba & the Bahamas)
    Epicrates angulifer

    The Cuban Boa has been known to catch bats from tree branches.

  276. Turks & Caicos Boa  ______
    Epicrates chrysogaster

  277. Abaco Island Boa  ______
    Epricrates exsul

  278. Boa Constrictor  (*)  ______  DM  SL  (also called "Tete-chien" due to the dog-shape of the head)
    Boa constrictor nebulosa  (subspecies on Dominica: "Dominican Clouded Boa")
    Boa constrictor orophias 
    (subspecies on Saint Lucia: "Saint Lucia Boa")

    In the Caribbean, the Boa Constrictor occurs on Dominica, Saint Lucia, San Andres, Providencia, and on other islands closer to the Central & South American coast.

     

    A Dominican Clouded Boa found along a road during a FONT tour in Dominica


    Family VIPERIDAE

  279. Saint Lucia Lancehead (or Viper) (*)  ______  SL  (on Saint Lucia called "Serpent")
    Bothrops caribbaeus

    Bothrops caribbaeus
    is endemic to the island of Saint Lucia. It is a most dangerous snake, striking extraordinarily fast. On average, it injects 105mg of venom. Half that dosage is fatal to humans.  

  280. Martinique Lancehead  ______  MQ
    Bothrops lanceolatus
       


    The Lanceheads of the Caribbean, B. caribbaeus & B. lanceolatus, are closely related to the 2 species of Fer-de-Lances of South & Central America.   

  281. Aruba Rattlesnake  (t1)  ______  NA 
    Crotalus durissus unicolor

    The Aruba Rattlesnake is critically endangered. It is estimated that less than 230 adults survive in the wild.
    Some treat Crotalus durissus unicolor as a full species.    





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