PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-8
 or 302/529-1876


Honduras Birds
Focus On Nature Tours 

2002 thru 2015

during the months of February, 
March, April and December

A Honduras Bird List compiled by Armas Hill

With 338 species of birds cumulatively found during FONT birding and nature tours in Honduras. 

photographed during a FONT tour   


hc: in highlands (western), particularly in the area of Copan (from the Copan valley, about 600 meters, or 1800 feet, above sea-level to higher elevations)

hs: in another (higher) area of highlands, including pine & cloud forests closer to San Pedro Sula    

ly: in the area of Lake Yojoa (various habitats) 

cc: along the Caribbean coast, including area of Tela (& Lancetilla)

cs: along the Caribbean slope, including Pico Bonito 

sp: in city of San Pedro Sula 

(t):      a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International.
              (t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt):    a near-threatened species globally.
(i):      an introduced species.
(GUr): rare in Guatemala

(i): introduced species.

r):   rare in Honduras
(HNu):  uncommon in Honduras

(ph):  species with a photo in the FONT website

Turquoise-browed Motmot


A List & Photo Gallery of Central America Birds, in 4 parts  

A Complete List of Birds in Honduras

Mammals in Central America  (with some photos) 

A List & Photo Gallery of Central America Butterflies & Moths, in 6 parts 

Tropical Plants, a list in 3 parts  (with some photos) 

Previous Highlights of FONT Tours in Honduras

Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Central America  

Directory of Photos in this Website



  1. Great Tinamou ______cs
    Tinamus major

  2. Little Tinamou ______cs
    Crypturellus soui meserythrus

  3. Plain Chachalaca  (ph)  ______ cs
    Ortalis vetula intermedia

  4. Highland Guan ______ hs
    Penelope nigra 

  5. Black-bellied Whistling Duck  (ph)  ______ ly,cc   
    Dendrocygna a. autumnalis

    Another name for Dendrocygna autumnalis was Black-bellied Tree Duck.

  6. Fulvous Whistling Duck ______ ly
    Dendrocygna bicolor 
    (although on 3 continents, monotypic)

  7. Muscovy Duck  (ph)  ______ ly 
    Cairina moschata 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  8. Blue-winged Teal  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Anas discors 

  9. American Wigeon  (ph)  ______ly
    Anas americana 

  10. Ring-necked Duck  (ph)  ______ ly
    Aythya collaris 

  11. Pied-billed Grebe  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Podilymbus p. podiceps

  12. Least Grebe  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Tachybaptus dominicus 
    (formerly Podiceps dominicus)

  13. Eared Grebe  (ph)  ______ ly
    Podiceps nigricollis californicus

  14. Jabiru  (HNr) (ph)  ______ cc
    Jabiru mycteria 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  15. Wood Stork  (ph)  ______ hc,cc
    Mycteria americana 

  16. American White Ibis  (ph)  ______ cc
    Eudocimus albus 

  17. Roseate Spoonbill  (ph)  ______ cc
    Ajaia ajaja 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  18. Least Bittern  (ph)  ______ ly
    Ixobrychus exilis

  19. Cattle Egret  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc
    Bubulcus ibis  

  20. Green Heron  (ph)  ______ ly,cc 
    Butorides v. virescens

    At one time, the Green Heron was said to be conspecific with the nearly-cosmopolitan Striated Heron. It was then called the Green-backed Heron.

  21. Little Blue Heron  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc
    Egretta caerulea 

  22. Tricolored Heron  (ph)  ______ cc   
    Egretta tricolor ruficollis

    Egretta tricolor
    was called Louisiana Heron. 

  23. Snowy Egret  (ph)  ______ hc,cc
    Egretta t. thula

  24. Great Egret  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc
    Ardea alba egretta 
    (formerly Casmerodius alba egretta

  25. Great Blue Heron  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Ardea h. herodias

  26. Bare-throated Tiger Heron  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Tigrisoma mexicanum 

  27. Black-crowned Night Heron  (ph)  ______ hc
    Nyctocorax nyctocorax hoactii

  28. Yellow-crowned Night Heron  (ph)  ______ cc
    Nyctanassa v. violacea 
    (the single member of its genus)

  29. Boat-billed Heron  (ph)  ______ cc
    Cochlearius cochlearius phillipsi 
    (the single member of its genus)

  30. Magnificent Frigatebird  (ph)  ______ cc
    Fregata magnificens 
    (now said to be monotypic)

  31. Brown Pelican  (ph)  ______ cc
    Pelecanus occidentalis carolinensis

  32. American White Pelican  (HNr) (ph)  ______ cc
    Pelecanus erythrorhynchos 

  33. Neotropic Cormorant  (ph)  ______ cc 
    Phalacrocorax brasilianus mexicanus 
    (formerly P. olivaceous

    Phalacrocorax brasilianus was called the Olivaceous Cormorant.

  34. Anhinga  (ph)  ______ cc
    Anhinga anhinga leucogaster

  35. Turkey Vulture  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc
    Cathartes a. aura 
    (another subspecies, C. a. meridionalis, from central North America migrates thru Honduras, sometimes in large flocks) 

  36. Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture  (ph)  ______ ly
    Cathartes burrovianus 

  37. Black Vulture  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc
    Coragyps atratus 
    (now said to be monotypic) (the single member of its genus)

  38. Osprey  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Pandion haliaetus carolinensis 
    (the single member of its genus) (another subspecies, P. h. ridgwayi, also in eastern Honduras near the Caribbean)

  39. Gray-headed Kite ______ ly
    Leptodon c. cayanensis

    Another name for Leptodon cayanensis has been Cayenne Kite.

  40. White-tailed Kite  (ph)  ______ cc
    Elanus leucurus majusculus

  41. Swallow-tailed Kite  (ph)  ______ ly
    Elanoides forficatus 
    (2 subspecies occur in Honduras: E. f. forficatus and E. f. yetapa) (the single member of its genus)

  42. Hook-billed Kite  ______ cc
    Chrondrohierax u. uncinatus

  43. Snail Kite  (ph)  ______ ly
    Rostrhamus s. sociabilis 

  44. Sharp-shinned Hawk  (ph)  ______ hc
    Accipiter striatus chionogaster 
    (a resident subspecies in Honduras, the "White-breasted Hawk")  

    The subspecies of the Sharp-shinned Hawk, A. s. velox, from North America occurs in Honduras in winter.

  45. White-breasted Hawk ______ hc
    Accipiter chionogaster

  46. Bicolored Hawk ______ ly
    Accipiter b. bicolor

  47. Common Black Hawk  (ph)  ______ cc
    Buteogallus a. anthracinus

  48. Gray Hawk  (ph)  ______ hc,cc  
    Buteo plagiatus 

  49. Roadside Hawk  (ph)  ______ hc,cc
    Rupornis magnirostris griseocauda 
    (formerly Buteo magnirostris griseocauda)

  50. Broad-winged Hawk ______ hc,ly
    Buteo p. platypterus 
    (migrant that breeds further north in North America)

  51. Short-tailed Hawk  (ph)  ______ cs
    Buteo brachyurus fuliginosus

  52. White-tailed Hawk ______ sp
    Geranoaetus albicaudatus hypospodius 
    (formerly Buteo albicaudatus hypospodius)

  53. Red-tailed Hawk  (ph)  ______ hc
    Buteo jamaicensis 
    (2 subspecies in Honduras)
    Buteo jamaicensis kemsiesi 
    (resident in Honduras)
    Buteo jamaicensis calurus 
    (winter resident & migrant that breeds further north in North America)
  54. Zone-tailed Hawk  (ph)  ______ hc
    Buteo a. albonotatus

  55. Black Hawk-Eagle ______ cs
    Spizaetus tyrannus serus

  56. Northern Crested Caracara  (ph)  ______ hc,cc   
    Caracara cheriway 

    The Northern Crested Caracara was conspecific with what is now the Southern Caracara, Caracara plancus, of South America, generally south of the Amazon. 

  57. Laughing Falcon  (ph)  ______ hc
    Herpetotheres cachinnans 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  58. American Kestrel  (ph)  ______ hc
    Falco sparverius tropicalis

  59. Bat Falcon  (ph)  ______ cc,sp
    Falco rufigularis petoensis

  60. Peregrine Falcon  (ph)  ______ cc
    Falco peregrinus anatum
    (subspecies that breeds further north in North America) (Another subspecies that breeds further north in North America occurs in Honduras as a migrant, F. p. tundrius

  61. Limpkin  (ph)  ______ ly
    Aramus guarauna dolosus 
    (the single member of its genus and family) 

  62. Sora  ______ ly
    Porzana carolina 

  63. Gray-necked Wood Rail  (ph)  ______ cc
    Aramides cajanea albiventris

  64. Ruddy Crake  ______  cs
    Laterallus ruber 

    Another name for Laterallus ruber has been Red Rail. 

  65. Common Gallinule  (ph)  ______ ly
    Gallinula galeata

  66. Purple Gallinule  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Porphyrula martinica 

  67. American Coot  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Fulica a. americana

  68. Northern Jacana  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Jacana s. spinosa

  69. Black-bellied Plover  (ph)  ______cc
    Pluvialis squatarola cynosurae

    Another name for Pluvialis squatarola is Grey Plover, as it is called in the Old World.

  70. Semipalmated Plover  (ph)  ______ cc
    Charadrius semipalmatus 

  71. Killdeer  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Charadrius v. vociferus

  72. Black-necked Stilt  (ph)  ______ ly,cc 
    Himantopus mexicanus

    The Black-necked Stilt was said, at one time, by some, to be conspecific with the Black-winged Stilt of the Old World.

  73. "American" Whimbrel  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus

  74. Willet  (ph)  ______ cc
    Tringa s. semipalmata 
    (formerly Catoptrophorus s. semipalmata)

  75. Greater Yellowlegs ______ cc
    Tringa melanoleuca 

  76. Lesser Yellowlegs  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Tringa flavipes 

  77. Solitary Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ hc
    Tringa solitaria

  78. Spotted Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ hc,cc
    Actitis macularia 

  79. Ruddy Turnstone  (ph)  ______ cc
    Arenaria interpres

  80. Sanderling  (ph)  ______ cc
    Calidris alba

  81. Semipalmated Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ cc
    Calidris pusilla 

  82. Least Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ cc
    Calidris minutilla 

  83. Short-billed Dowitcher  (ph)  ______ cc
    Limnodromus griseus

  84. Wilson's Snipe  (ph)  ______ hc  (was part of the Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago
    Gallinago delicata 

  85. Laughing Gull  (ph)  ______ cc
    Larus atricilla megalopterus

  86. Gull-billed Tern  (HNu) (ph)  ______ ly
    (formerly Sterna) nilotica aranea

  87. Caspian Tern  (ph)  ______ cc,ly
    (formerly Sterna) caspia  (monotypic)

  88. Royal Tern  (ph)  ______ cc
    (formerly Sterna) m. maxima

  89. Sandwich Tern  (ph)  ______ cc
    (formerly Sterna) sandvicensis acuflavidus

  90. Common Tern  ______ cc
    Sterna h. hirundo

  91. Forster's Tern  (HNr) (ph)  ______ cc
    Sterna forsteri 

  92. Black Skimmer  (ph)  ______ cc
    Rynchops n. niger

  93. Common (or Feral) Pigeon (i) ______ ly,cc
    Columba livia

  94. Pale-vented Pigeon ______ ly,cc,cs
    (formerly Columba) cayennensis pallidicrissa

  95. Red-billed Pigeon ______ hc,ly
    (formerly Columba) f. flavirostris

  96. Mourning Dove ______ ly
    Zenaida macroura marginella

  97. White-winged Dove  (ph)  ______ sp,ly
    Zenaida a. asiatica

  98. Common Ground Dove  (ph)  ______ hc
    Columbina passerina pallescens

  99. Plain-breasted Ground Dove  ______ hc
    Columbina minuta interrupta

  100. Ruddy Ground Dove  (ph)  ______ hc,cc,cs
    Columbina taipacoti rufipennis

  101. Inca Dove  (ph)  ______ hc,cc
    (or Scrdafella) inca  (monotypic)

  102. White-tipped Dove  ______ hc,ly   
    Leptotila verreauxi bangsi

    Another name for Leptotila verreauxi has been White-fronted Dove.

  103. Gray-chested Dove  ______ ly
    Leptotila cassinii cerviniventris

  104. Scarlet Macaw  (ph)  ______ hc
    Ara macao cyanopterus 

  105. Aztec Parakeet (or Conure (ph)  ______ hc,cs   
    Aratinga a. astec

    Aratinga astec
    has been conspecific with the Jamaican Parakeet (or Conure) of the West Indies. When so, it was called the Olive-throated Parakeet (or Conure). 

  106. Orange-fronted Parakeet (or Conure) ______ hc
    Aratinga c. canicularis

  107. Orange-chinned Parakeet ______ hc
    Brotogeris j. jugularis

  108. Brown-hooded Parrot  (ph)  ______ cc,cs
    Pionopsitta h. haematotis

  109. White-crowned Parrot ______ hc.cs
    Pionus senilis 

  110. White-fronted Parrot (or Amazon) (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cs
    Amazona albifrons nana

  111. Red-lored Parrot (or Amazon) ______ ly,cc,cs
    Amazona a. autumnalis

    Another name for Amazona autumnalis has been Yellow-cheeked Parrot (or Amazon).

  112. Yellow-headed Parrot (or Amazon) (HNr) ______ cc
    Amazona oratrix hondurensis

  113. Squirrel Cuckoo  (ph)  ______ ly,cs
    Piaya cayana thermophila

  114. Striped Cuckoo ______ ly
    Tapera naevia excellens

  115. Groove-billed Ani  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cs
    Crotophaga sulciroxtris 
    (now monotypic, as a "second form" in Mexico has become extinct)

  116. "Ridgway's" Ferruginous Pygmy Owl  (ph)  ______ ly,sp 
    Glaucidium r. ridgwayi

    The "Ridgway's" Ferruginous Pygmy has been considered part of a wider-ranging Ferruginous Pygmy Owl, Glaucidium brasilianum. Now, that species is said to be in South America. 

  117. Black-and-white Owl ______ cs
    (or said by some to Strix) nigrolineata  (monotypic)

  118. Striped Owl  (HNu) (ph) ______ ly
    Asio clamator forbesi

  119. Short-tailed (or Semicollared) Nighthawk (HNu) ______ cs
    Lurocalis semitorquatus stonei

  120. Lesser Nighthawk ______ ly,cc
    Chordeiles acutipennis 

  121. Pauraque  (ph)  ______ hs,cc
    Nyctidromus albicollis intercedens

  122. Yucatan Nightjar (HNr) ______ cc 
    Caprimulgus badius 

    The Yucatan Nightjar was first found to be in Honduras in 1990.   

  123. White-collared Swift ______ cs
    Streptoprocne zonaris mexicanus

  124. Chestnut-collared Swift ______ hc
    Cypseloides rutilus griseifrons

  125. Chimney Swift ______ cc
    Chaetura pelagica 

  126. Vaux's (or Dusky-backed) Swift ______ cs
    Chaetura vauxi richmondi

  127. Long-billed Hermit ______ cs  (formerly part of a wider-ranging Long-tailed Hermit; that species now restricted to South America)
    Phaethornis l. longirostris

  128. Stripe-throated Hermit  (ph)  ______ cs  (formerly conspecific with Little Hermit of northeast South America) (has also been called Boucard's Hermit, Phaethornis adolphi)
    Phaethornis striigularis saturatus  (genus has also been said to be Pygmornis)  

  129. Scaly-breasted Hummingbird ______ ly
    (has been Phaeochroa) cuvierii roberti 

  130. Violet Sabrewing  (ph)  ______ cs
    Campylopterus h. hemileucurus

  131. White-necked Jacobin  (ph)  ______ cs
    Florisuga m. mellivora

  132. Green-breasted Mango  (ph)  ______ hc,cc
    Anthracothorax p. prevostii 

  133. White-eared Hummingbird  (ph)  ______ hs
    Basilinna l. leucotis

  134. Emerald-chinned Hummingbird ______ hs
    Abeilia a. abeillei 
    (the single member of its genus)

  135. Salvin's Emerald ______ ly,cs
    Chlorostilbon salvini osberti

    The Salvin's Emerald was part of what was the Fork-tailed Emerald. 

  136. White-bellied Emerald ______ hc,cc
    Amazilia c. candida

  137. Blue-throated Sapphire ______ ly 
    Hylocharis e. eliciae

    Another name for Hylocharis eliciae has been Blue-throated Goldentail.

  138. Azure-crowned Hummingbird ______ cc,hc
    Amazilia c. cyanocephala

    Another name for Amazilia cyanocephala has been Red-billed Azurecrown.

  139. Berylline Hummingbird ______ hc
    Amazilia beryllina devillei

  140. Cinnamon Hummingbird  (ph)  ______ hc,ly
    Amazilia rutila corallirostris

  141. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird  (ph)  ______ ly
    Amazilia t. tzacatl

  142. Stripe-tailed Hummingbird ______ hc
    Eupherusa e. eximia

  143. Green-throated Mountain-gem ______ hs
    Lampornis v. viridipallens

  144. Purple-crowned Fairy ______ cs
    Heliothryx barroti 

  145. Ruby-throated Hummingbird  (ph)  ______ hc
    Archilochus colubris 

  146. Resplendent Quetzal  (ph)  ______ hs
    Pharomachrus m. mocinno

  147. Slaty-tailed Trogon  (ph)  ______ cc
    Trogon m. massena

  148. Black-headed Trogon  (ph)  ______ cc,cs  (has been considered conspecific with the Citreoline Trogon of Mexico)
    Trogon melanocephalus 
    (now monotypic)

  149. Collared Trogon ______ hs
    Trogon collaris puella

  150. Gartered Trogon  (ph)  ______ hc  (was part of the Violaceous Trogon)
    Trogon caligatus
    (formerly violaceus) braccatus  

  151. Ringed Kingfisher  (ph)  ______ cc
    (formerly Ceryle) t. torquata 

  152. Belted Kingfisher  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    (formerly Ceryle) alcyon  (monotypic)

  153. Amazon Kingfisher ______ ch,ly,cc
    Chloroceryle amazona 
    (now monotypic)

  154. Green Kingfisher  (ph)  ______ cs
    Chloroceryle americana septentrionalis

  155. Tody Motmot ______ cs
    Hylomanes m. momotula 
    (the single member of its genus)

  156. Turquoise-browed Motmot  (ph)  ______ hc,cc,cs
    Eumomota superciliosa

  157. Blue-crowned Motmot  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cs
    Momotus momota lessonii

  158. "White-throated" Emerald Toucanet ______ hs
    Aulacorhynchus prasinus virescens

  159. Collared Aracari  (ph)  ______ hc,cs
    Pteroglossus t. torquatus

  160. Keel-billed Toucan  (ph)  ______ hc,cs
    Ramphastos s. sulfuratus

  161. "Guatemalan" Northern Flicker ______ hs
    Colaptes auratus mexicanoides

  162. Acorn Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ hc
    Melanerpes formicivorus lineatus

  163. Golden-fronted Woodpecker  (ph)  ______hc,ly,cc,cs,sp
    (formerly Centurus) aurifrons santacruzi

  164. Black-cheeked Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ cs
    (formerly Centurus or Tripsurus) pucherani  (monotypic)

  165. Golden-olive Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ hc
    Piculus rubiginosus maximus

  166. Lineated Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ hc,cc
    Dryocopus lineatus similis

  167. Pale-billed Woodpecker  (ph)  ______ cc
    Campephilus g. guatemalensis

  168. White-collared Manakin  (ph)  ______ cs
    Manacus candei

  169. Northern Schiffornis  ______ cs 
    Schiffornis veraepacis

    The Northern Schiffornis was part of the Thrush-like Schiffornis. The former Thrush-like Schiffornis was previously called the Thrush-like Mourner or the Thrush-like Manakin, but the bird was neither a mourner nor a manakin.

    Now, what was the Thrush-like Schiffornis has been split into 5 species in Central and South America.

    The geographic range of Schiffornis veraepacis is in Central America from western Panama northward. In South America, it also occurs in parts of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. 

  170. Rose-throated Becard ______ hc
    Pachyramphus aglaiae sumichrasti

  171. Cinnamon Becard ______ cs
    Pachyramphus cinnamomeus fulvidior 

  172. White-winged Becard ______ cs
    Pachyramphus polychopterus cinereiventris

  173. Lovely Cotinga ______ cs
    Cotinga amabilis 

  174. Snowy Cotinga ______ cs
    Carpodectes nitidus 

  175. Masked Tityra ______ hc,ly,cs
    Tityra semifasciata personata

  176. Black-crowned Tityra ______ cs
    Tityra inquisitor fraserii

  177. Fork-tailed Flycatcher  (ph)  ______ hc,ly
    Tyrannus savana monachus

  178. Eastern Kingbird  (ph)  ______ cc
    Tyrannus tyrannus 

  179. Gray Kingbird (on mainland HNr) ______ cc
    Tyrannus d. dominicensis

  180. Tropical Kingbird  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc,cs,sp
    Tyrannus melancholicus satrapa

  181. Piratic Flycatcher ______ ly,cc
    Legatus leucophaius variegatus 
    (the single member of its genus)

  182. Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher ______ cc
    Myiodynastes luteiventris 

  183. Streaked Flycatcher  (ph)  ______ hc
    Myiodynastes maculatus insolens

  184. Boat-billed Flycatcher ______ hc,cs
    Megarynchus pitangua

  185. Social Flycatcher  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc,cs
    Myiozetetes similis texensis

  186. Great Kiskadee  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc,cs,sp
    Pitangus sulphuratus guatimalensis

  187. Brown-crested Flycatcher ______ hc,cc
    Myiarchus tyrannulus cooperi

  188. Great Crested Flycatcher  (ph)  ______ hc
    Myiarchus crinitus 

  189. Dusky-capped Flycatcher  (ph)  ______ hc
    Myiarchus tuberculifer connectens

  190. Bright-rumped Attila  (ph)  ______ cc
    Attila spadicus flammulatus

  191. Black Phoebe ______ hc
    Sayornis nigricans aquaticus

  192. Greater Pewee ______ hc   
    Contopus p. pertinax

    Cpntopus pertinax
    was called Coue's Flycatcher.

  193. Western Wood Pewee ______ hc
    Contopus sordidulus

  194. Tropical Pewee  (ph)  ______ ly,cs
    Contopus cinereus brachytarsus

  195. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher ______ cs,hc,ly
    Empidonax flaviventis 

  196. Acadian Flycatcher ______ hc,cc
    Empidonax virescens 

  197. White-throated Flycatcher ______ ly
    Empidonax a. albigularis

  198. Least Flycatcher ______ hc,cs
    Empidonax minimus 

  199. Yellowish Flycatcher ______ hs
    Empidonax flavescens salvini

  200. Northern Tufted Flycatcher ______ hs
    Mitrephanes p. phaeocercus 

  201. Sulphur-rumped Myiobius ______ cs  
    Myiobius sulphureipygius

    The Sulphur-rumped Myiobius has been known as the Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher. It is closely related to the  Whiskered Myiobius of South America with which it has been conspecific.

  202. Northern Royal Flycatcher  (ph)  ______ cc  
    Onychorhynchus mexicanus 
    (as it is now distinct from the other Royal Flycatchers (noted below), monotypic)

    The Northern Royal Flycatcher has been conspecific with the related South American species, the Amazonian Royal Flycatcher, the Pacific Royal Flycatcher, and the Atlantic Royal Flycatcher.  

  203. Yellow-olive Flatbill (or Flycatcher) ______ hc
    Tolmomyias sulphurescens cinereiceps

  204. Stub-tailed Spadebill ______ cs  (was part of the White-throated Spadebill)
    Platyrinchus cancominus

    The Stub-tailed Spadebill was, at one time, part of the White-throated Spadebill.

  205. Common Tody-Flycatcher ______ hc,ly
    Todirostrum cinereum finitimum

  206. Northern Bentbill ______ hc
    Oncostoma cinereigulare 

  207. Greenish Elaenia ______ hc,cc
    Myiopagis viridicata placens

  208. Yellow-bellied Elaenia  (ph)  ______ hc,ly
    Elaenia flavogaster subpagana

  209. Mountain Elaenia ______ hc
    Elaenia frantzii ultima

  210. Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet ______ cs
    Ornithion semiflavum 

  211. Paltry (or Mistletoe) Tyrannulet ______ hc
    Zimmerius v. vilissimus  

  212. Ochre-bellied Flycatcher ______ cs
    Mionectes oleagineus assimilis

  213. Barred Antshrike  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Thamnophilus doliatus intermedius

  214. Russet Antshrike ______ cs
    Thamnistes anabatinus

  215. Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner  ______ cs
    Automolus ochrolaemus cervinigularis

    Another name for Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner is Buff-throated Automolus.  

  216. Tawny-throated Leaftosser ______ hs
    Sclerurus m. mexicanus

  217. Tawny-winged Woodcreeper  (ph)  ______ cs
    Dendrocincla a. anabatina

  218. Olivaceous Woodcreeper ______ hc
    Sittasomus griseicapillus sylvioides 
    (the single member of its genus)

  219. Cocoa Woodcreeper ______ cc  
    Xiphorhynchus susurrans confinis

    The Cocoa Woodcreeper was part of the Buff-throated Woodcreeper, now a bird in South America.  

  220. Ivory-billed Woodcreeper ______ hc,cs
    Xiphorhynchus flavigaster eburneirostris

    Another name for Xiphorhynchus flavigaster is Laughing Woodcreeper, because of its call.

  221. Streak-headed Woodcreeper ______ ly
    Lepidocolaptes souleyetii insignis

  222. Spot-crowned Woodcreeper ______ hs 
    Lepidocolaptes a. affinis

    The Spot-crowned Woodcreeper was considered conspecific with what is now the Montane Woodcreeper in South America, Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger.

  223. Rufous-browed Peppershrike ______ hc
    Cyclarhis gujanensis

  224. Yellow-throated Vireo ______ cs
    Vireo flavifrons 

  225. Blue-headed Vireo ______ hs  (was part of Solitary Vireo)
    Vireo s. solitarius

  226. Plumbeous Vireo ______ hc  (was part of Solitary Vireo
    Vireo plumbeus montanus

  227. Brown-capped Vireo ______ hs  (was at one time said to be conspecific with the Warbling Vireo of North America)
    Vireo leucophrys amauronotus

  228. Hutton's Vireo (HNr) ______ hc
    Vireo huttoni vulcani

  229. "Gray-headed" Lesser Greenlet ______ cs
    Hylophilus d. decurtatus

  230. Azure-hooded Jay ______ hs
    Cyanolyca cucullata hondurensis

  231. Brown Jay  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cs
    Cyanocorax m. morio

  232. Bushy-crested Jay ______ hc
    Cyanocorax m. melanocyanneus

  233. White-throated Magpie-Jay  (ph)  ______ hc  (has been considered conspecific with Black-throated Magpie-Jay of Mexico)
    Calocitta formosa pompata

  234. Green Jay  (ph)  ______ hs,ly
    Cyanocorax yncas centralis  

  235. Purple Martin  (ph)  ______ ly
    Progne subis 

  236. Gray-breasted Martin ______ sp
    Progne c. chalybea

  237. Tree Swallow  (ph)  ______ hc
    Tachycineta bicolor  (monotypic)

  238. Northern Rough-winged Swallow  (ph)  ______ hc,ly
    Stelgidopteryx serripennis

  239. Ridgway's Rough-winged Swallow ______ ly
    Stelgidopteryx (serripennis) ridgwayi

  240. Barn Swallow  (ph)  ______ hc,ly
    Hirundo rustica 

  241. American Cliff Swallow ______ ly
    Petrochelidon (formerly Hirundo) pyrrhonota

  242. Brown Creeper  (ph)  ______ hc
    Certhia americana extima
  243. Rufous-naped Wren  (ph)  ______ ly,sp
    Campylorhynchus rufinucha castaneus

  244. Spot-breasted Wren ______ cs  (closely related to Speckle-breasted Wren of South America)
    Thryothous maculipectus

  245. Rufous-and-white Wren ______ ly
    Thryothous r. rufalbus

  246. Plain Wren ______ hc
    Thryothous modestus

  247. (Southern) House Wren  (ph) ______ hc
    Troglodytes (aedon?) musculus intermedius

  248. White-breasted Wood Wren ______ cc,cs
    Henicorhina leucosticta prostheleuca

  249. Gray-breasted Wood Wren ______ hs
    Henicorhina leucophrys composita

  250. White-lored Gnatcatcher ______ hc
    Polioptila albiloris

  251. Tropical Gnatcatcher ______ cs
    Polioptila plumbea

  252. Slate-colored Solitaire ______ hs
    Myacestes u. unicolor

  253. Spotted Nightingale-Thrush ______ hs
    Catharus d. dryas

  254. Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush ______ hc
    Catharus aurantiirostris

  255. Wood Thrush ______ hc,ly,cs
    (formerly Catharus) mustelinus  (monotypic, and now the single member of its genus) 

  256. Clay-colored Thrush (or Robin) ______ hc,ly,cs,sp
    Turdus grayi megas

  257. Tropical Mockingbird  (ph)  ______ hc
    Mimus gilvus gracils

  258. Gray Catbird  (ph)  ______ ly,cs
    Dumetella carolinensis 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  259. Scrub Euphonia ______ hc
    Euphonia a. affinis

  260. Yellow-throated Euphonia  (ph)  ______ hc,cs
    Euphonia hirundinacea

  261. Olive-backed Euphonia  (ph)  ______ hc,cs
    Euphonia gouldi

  262. Blue-crowned Chlorophonia ______ cs
    Chlorophonia occipitalis  (monotypic)

  263. Black-headed Siskin ______ hc
    Carduelis notata forreri

  264. Lesser Goldfinch ______ hc
    Carduelis psaltria colombianus

  265. Red Crossbill  (ph)  ______ hs
    Loxia curvirostra mesamericana

  266. House Sparrow (i) ______ hc
    Passer domesticus 
  267. Olive Warbler ______ hc
    Peucedramus taeniatus giraudi
  268. Black-and-white Warbler ______ hc,cs
    Mniotilta varia 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  269. Prothonotary Warbler  (ph)  ______ cc
    Protonotaria citrea 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)  

  270. Worm-eating Warbler ______ cs
    Helmitheros vermivorus 

  271. Golden-winged Warbler ______ cs
    Vermivora chrysoptera

  272. Blue-winged Warbler  (ph)  ______ cs
    Vermivora pinus 

  273. Tennessee Warbler  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cs
    Oreothlypis (formerly Vermivora) peregrina 

  274. Tropical Parula ______ ly
    Setophaga (formerly Parula) pitiayumi nigrilora

  275. Yellow Warbler  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc,cs
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) aestiva
      (was Dendroica petechia when Mangrove Warbler not split) 

  276. Magnolia Warbler  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cs
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) magnolia

  277. Grace's Warbler ______ hc
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) graciae remota

  278. Yellow-throated Warbler  (ph)  ______ cc,cs
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) dominica

  279. Chestnut-sided Warbler  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cs
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) pensylvanica 

  280. "Audubon's" Yellow-rumped Warbler ______ hc,ly
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) coronata auduboni

  281. "Myrtle" Yellow-rumped Warbler  (ph)  ______ cc
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) c. coronata

  282. Black-throated Green Warbler  (ph)  ______ hc
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) virens 
    (now said to be monotypic)

  283. Golden-cheeked Warbler (t2) ______ hs
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) chrysoparia 

  284. Ovenbird  (ph)  ______ cs
    Seiurus aurocapillus 
    (2 subspecies winter in Central America)

  285. Northern Waterthrush ______ ly,cc
    Parkesia (formerly Seiurus) noveboracensis 
    (now said to be monotypic)

  286. Louisiana Waterthrush ______ cs
    Parkesia (formerly Seiurus) motacilla

  287. Common Yellowthroat  (ph)  ______ hc,ly
    Geothlypis trichas 
    (2 subspecies winter in Central America)

  288. Kentucky Warbler ______ cs
    Oporornis formosus 

  289. Wilson's Warbler ______ hc,ly,cs
    Wilsonia pusilla 
    (3 subspecies winter in Central America)

  290. Hooded Warbler ______ ly,cs
    Wilsonia citrina 

  291. Yellow-breasted Chat  (ph)  ______ cs
    Icteria v. virens

  292. American Redstart  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cs
    Setophaga ruticilla 
    (now said to be monotypic)

  293. Painted Whitestart (or Redstart) (ph)  ______ hc
    Myioborus pictus guatemalae

  294. Slate-throated Whitestart (or Redstart) ______ cs
    Myioborus miniatus connectens

  295. Red-faced Warbler ______  hc
    Cardellina rubrifrons 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)
  296. Golden-crowned Warbler ______ hc
    Basileuterus culicivorus

  297. Chestnut-capped Warbler ______ hc  (closely related to, maybe conspecific with Rufous-capped Warbler)
    Basileuterus delattrii

  298. Chestnut-headed Oropendola ______ hc,ly
    Zarhynchus w. wagleri

  299. Montezuma Oropendola  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cs
    Psarocolius montezuma  (monotypic)

  300. Yellow-billed Cacique ______ hc
    Amblycercus h. holosericeus

  301. Altamira Oriole ______ hc
    Icterus gularis gigas

  302. Streak-backed Oriole ______ hc
    Icterus pustulatus alticola

  303. Spot-breasted Oriole  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc
    Icterus pectoralis guttulatus

  304. Yellow-backed Oriole ______ hc
    Icterus c. chrysater

  305. Baltimore Oriole  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cs
    Icterus galbula  (monotypic)

  306. Orchard Oriole  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cs
    Icterus s. spurius

  307. Red-winged Blackbird  (ph)  ______ ly,cc
    Agelaius phoeniceus richmondi

  308. Melodious Blackbird ______ hc,ly,cb
    Dives dives  (monotypic) 

  309. Great-tailed Grackle  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc,cb,sp
    Quiscalus m. mexicanus

  310. Bronzed (or Red-eyed) Cowbird ______ hc,cc
    Molothrus a. aeneus

  311. Giant Cowbird ______ cc
    Scaphidura (Molothrus) oryzivora impacifica

  312. Eastern Meadowlark  (ph)  ______ hc
    Sturnella magna

  313. Green Honeycreeper  (ph)  ______ cc,cs
    Chlorophanes spiza guatemalensis

  314. Shining Honeycreeper  (ph)  ______ cs
    Cyanerpes lucidus

  315. Red-legged Honeycreeper  (ph)  ______ hc,ly
    Cyanerpes cyaneus carneipes

  316. Common Bush-Tanager ______ hs
    Chlorospingus ophthalmicus honduratius

  317. Red-crowned Ant-Tanager  (ph)  ______ cs
    Habia rubica rubicoides

  318. Red-throated Ant-Tanager  (ph)  ______ cc,cs
    Habia fuscicauda salvini

  319. Hepatic Tanager ______ hc
    Piranga hepatica

  320. Summer Tanager  (ph)  ______ hc,ly
    Piranga r. rubra

  321. Crimson-collared Tanager ______ hc,cc
    Phlogothraupis s. sanguinolenta

  322. Passerini's Tanager  (ph)  ______ cc  (was part of what was the Scarlet-rumped Tanager
    Ramphocelus passerinii 

  323. Blue-gray Tanager  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc,cs,sp
    Thraupis episcopus cana

  324. Yellow-winged Tanager  (ph)  ______ hc,ly,cc,cs
    Thraupis abbas 

  325. Golden-hooded Tanager  (ph)  ______ cs  (closely related to the Masked Tanager of South America)
    Tangara l. larvata

  326. Variable Seedeater  (ph)  ______ cs
    Sporophila aurita corvina

  327. White-collared Seedeater  (ph)  ______ ly,cc,cs
    Sporophila torqueola morelleti

  328. Yellow-faced Grassquit  (ph)  ______ hc
    Tiaris olivacea pusilla

  329. Blue-black Grassquit ______ hc
    Volatinia jacarina splendens 
    (the single member of its genus)

  330. Chestnut-capped Brush Finch  ______ hs
    Buarremon (formerly Atlapetes) brunneinuchus macrourus

  331. Green-backed Sparrow ______ cs (closely related to Black-striped Sparrow of southern Central America)
    Arremonops chloronotus 

  332. Rusty Sparrow ______ hc,hs
    Aimophila rufescens

  333. Black-headed Saltator ______ hc,ly,cs
    Saltator a. atriceps

  334. Buff-throated Saltator  (ph)  ______ cs
    Saltator maximus magnoides

  335. "Northern" Grayish Saltator ______ ly
    Saltator coerulescens grandis

  336. Rose-breasted Grosbeak  (ph)  ______ hc
    Pheucticus ludovicianus

  337. Blue Grosbeak  (ph)  ______ ly
    Passerina (formerly Guiraca) caerulea

  338. Indigo Bunting  (ph)  ______ hc
    Passerina cyanea  (montoypic)


Mammals & Other Nature 
Focus On Nature Tours 

(in December, February, March, April) 

Mantled Howler Monkey ______ cc
Alouatta palliata

Central American Agouti ______ hc,ly,cs
Dasyprocta punctata

White-nosed Coati ______ ly
Nasua narica

Northern Raccoon ______ cc
Procyon lotor

Neotropical River Otter ______ ly
Lutra longicaudis

Eastern Cottontail ______ ly
Sylvilagus floridanus

Variegated Squirrel ______ ly,cs
Sciurus variegatoides

sac-winged bat (sp.) ______ cc
Saccopteryx spp.

bat (sp.) ______ cc,cs

Leaf-cutter and other ants ______ hc,cs

an assortment of butterflies ______ hc,ly,cc,cs


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