Japan Birds
during FONT Birding 
& Nature Tours

in 2007

(during the months of January, 
 May, & December


The following list compiled by Armas Hill, leader of the tours


In the following list, Japanese bird names follow English names.

The upper right photo is of a DUSKY THRUSH, one of the birds seen during both our Winter & Spring Tours in Japan.    


(i): introduced species

(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International.
(t1): critical
(t2): endangered
(t3): vulnerable
(nt): considered a near-threatened species globally

(JAr):       rare in Japan
(JArs):     rare in Japan in spring/summer
(JArw):    rare in Japan in winter

(JAe):      Japanese endemic
(JAeb):    Japanese endemic breeder
(JAneb):  Japanese near-endemic breeder

JAN:  January 15-30, 2007: 
Honshu (hn), pelagic on Pacific ferry north to Hokkaido (hnp), Hokkaido (hk), Kyushu (ky), Amami (am)  

May 6-20, 2007: 
Honshu (hn), Hegura Island in Sea of Japan off Honshu (hi), pelagics on ferry to/from Hegura (hip), Okinawa (ok), Amami (am), Kyushu (ky)

December 9-17, 2007:
Kyushu (ky), Honshu (in Tokyo) (hn), pelagic on Pacific ferry north to Hokkaido (hnp), Hokkaido (hk)  

A booklet is available from Focus On Nature Tours listing all the birds that have been found during over a decade of FONT tours in Japan, with more information than given here, noting, for example, the Japanese islands where, and the months when, sightings have occurred. Please e-mail us if you'd like to receive a copy.   



Upcoming Japan Tour Itineraries

Japan Past Tour Highlights

Cumulative List of Birds during FONT Japan Tours      

Birds found during FONT Japan Tours in the Spring

Birds of Hegura Island

Birds of the Island of Amami

Rare Birds during FONT Japan Tours 

Japan Bird Photo Gallery - Part 1 (shearwaters thru shorebirds)

Japan Bird Photo Gallery - Part 2 (gulls thru buntings)

List of Japanese Mammals

List of Japanese Butterflies

List of Birds during FONT Japan Tours in 2007:

  1. Pacific Loon  (Shiroeri-ohamu) ______ JAN hnp,hk, DEC hnp  (has also been called Pacific Diver)
    Gavia pacifica 

  2. Little Grebe (or "Dabchick" (Kaitsuburi) ______ JAN hn,hk,am, MAY hn,hi, DEC ky
    Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei

  3. Horned Grebe  (Mimi-kaitsuburi) ______ JAN hn, DEC hk  (has also been called Slavonian Grebe)
    Podiceps a. auritus

  4. Red-necked Grebe (Akaeri-kaitsuburi) ______ JAN hn
    Podiceps grisegena holboellii

  5. Great Crested Grebe  (Kanmuri-kaitsuburi) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn
    Podiceps c. cristatus

  6. Laysan Albatross  (Ko-ahodori) ______ JAN hnp, DEC hnp
    (formerly Diomedea) immutabilis

  7. Northern Fulmar  ______  DEC hnp
    Fulmarus glacialis

  8. Bonin Petrel ______ DEC hnp
    Pterodroma hypoleuca

  9. Streaked Shearwater (neb)  (O-mizunagidori) ______ MAY hip,hi, DEC hnp
    Calonectris leucomelas 

  10. Short-tailed Shearwater  (Hashiboso-mizunagidori) ______ JAN hnp, DEC hnp
    Puffinus tenuirostris 

  11. Sooty (or Tristram's) Storm Petrel ______  DEC hnp
    Oceanodroma tristrami

  12. Fork-tailed Storm Petrel ______ DEC hnp
    Oceanodroma furcata

  13. Great Cormorant  (Kawa-u) ______ JAN hn, MAY hn, DEC hn
    Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae
    (often considered synonymous with sinensis)

  14. Japanese (or Temminck's) Cormorant (JAneb)  (Umi-u) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,ky, DEC ky
    Phalacrocorax capillatus 

  15. Pelagic Shag (or Cormorant)  (Hime-u) ______ JAN hk, MAY hip, DEC hnp,hk
    Phalacrocorax p. pelagicus

  16. Black-crowned Night-Heron  (Goi-sagi) ______ MAY hn,hi,ky,ok, DEC ky
    Nycticorax n. nycticorax

  17. "Eastern" Cattle Egret  (Ama-sagi) ______ JAN am, MAY hn,hi,ky,am,ok, DEC ky
    Bublucus ibis coromandus 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  18. Little Egret  (Ko-sagi) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,ky,am,ok, DEC ky
    Egretta g. garzetta

  19. Chinese (or Swinhoe's) Egret  (t2) (JAr)  (Kara-shira-sagi) _______ MAY hn
    Egretta  eulophotes 

  20. Yellow-billed (or Intermediate) Egret  (Chu-sagi) ______ JAN ky, MAY hn,hi,ky,ok, DEC ky
    Egretta i. intermedia

  21. Great Egret  (Dai-sagi) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,ky,am,ok, DEC hn,ky
    Ardea a. alba

  22. Grey Heron  (Ao-sagi) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,ky,am,ok, DEC ky
    Ardea cinerea jouyi

  23. Purple Heron (JAr)  (Murasaki-sagi) ______ MAY hi
    Ardea purpurea manilensis

  24. Striated Heron  (Sasa-goi) ______ MAY hi
    Butorides striatus amurensis

  25. Pacific (or Eastern) Reef-Heron  (Kuro-sagi) ______ JAN am, MAY am
    Egretta s. sacra

  26. Chinese Pond Heron  (JAr)  (Akagashira-sagi) ______  MAY hi
    Ardeola bacchus 

  27. Cinnamon (or Chestnut) Bittern  (Ryukyu-yoshi-goi) ______ MAY ok
    Ixobrychus cinnamomeus 

  28. White Spoonbill ______  DEC ky
    Platalea leucorodia

  29. Black-faced Spoonbill (t2) (JAr)  (Kurotsura-herasagi) ______ JAN hn, DEC ky
    Platalea minor 

  30. Mute Swan (i)  (Kobu-hakucho) ______ MAY hn
    Cygnus olor 

  31. Whooper Swan  (O-hakucho) ______ JAN hk, DEC hk
    Cygnus cygnus

  32. Common Shelduck (Tsukushi-gamo) ______ JAN ky
    Tadorna tadorna 

  33. Mandarin Duck (nt)  (Oshidori) ______ JAN hn,ky, DEC ky
    Aix galericulata

  34. Eurasian Wigeon  (Hidori-gamo) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky,am, MAY hn, DEC hn,hk,ky
    Anas penelope 

  35. Falcated Duck  (Yoshi-gamo) ______ JAN hk, MAY hn, DEC hk
    Anas falcata 

  36. Eurasian Teal  (Ko-gamo) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky, MAY hn, DEC hk,ky  (was considered conspecific with Green-winged Teal of North America,
    Anas carolinensis

    Anas c. crecca 

  37. Gadwall  (Okayoshi-gamo) ______ JAN hn,ky
    Anas s. strepera

  38. Mallard  (Ma-gamo) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky,  MAY hn,hi, DEC hk,ky
    Anas p. platyrhynchos

  39. Eastern Spot-billed Duck (Karu-gamo) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,ky,ok, DEC ky 
    Anas zonorhyncha

  40. Northern Pintail  (Onaga-gamo) ______ JAN hn,hk, MAY hn, DEC hn,hk
    Anas acuta 

  41. Northern Shoveler  (Hashibiro-gamo) ______ JAN hn, DEC hk,ky
    Anas clypeata 

  42. Common Pochard  (Hoshi-hajiro) ______ JAN hn, MAY hn, DEC hn,ky
    Aythya ferina 

  43. Tufted Duck  (Kinkuro-hajiro) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky, MAY hn
    Aythya fuligula 

  44. Greater Scaup (Suzu-gamo) ______ JAN hn,hk, DEC hk,ky
    Aythya marila mariloides

  45. Harlequin Duck  (Shinori-gamo) ______ JAN hn,hk  DEC hk
    Histrionicus histrionicus (pacificus) 
    (now  monotypic, with pacificus merged) (the single member of its genus)

  46. Long-tailed Duck  (Kori-gamo) ______ JAN hk, DEC hk   (has been called Oldsquaw in North America)
    Clangula hyemalis 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  47. American Scoter  (Kuro-gamo) ______ JAN hnp,hk, DEC hk   (was considered conspecific with the Black Scoter of Europe, Melanitta nigra)
    Melanitta americana

  48. "Stejneger's" White-winged Scoter  (Birodo-kinkuro) ______ JAN hk, DEC hk  (considered conspecific with the White-winged Scoter of North America, Melanitta deglandi, and formerly so with the Velvet Scoter of Europe, Melanitta fusca)
    Melanitta deglandi stejnegeri

  49. Common Goldeneye  (Hojiro-gamo) ______ JAN hk, DEC hk
    Bucephala c. clangula

  50. Smew  (Miko-aisa) ______ JAN hn, DEC hk
    (formerly Mergus) albellus  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

  51. Red-breasted Merganser  (Umi-aisa) ______ JAN hk, MAY hn, DEC hk
    Mergus serrator 

  52. Common Merganser (or Goosander)  (Kawa-aisa) ______ JAN hn,hk, DEC hk
    Mergus m. merganser

  53. Osprey  (Misago) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,ky,ok, DEC ky
    Pandion h. haliaetus 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  54. Black (-eared) Kite  (Tobi) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky  MAY hn,hi,ky, DEC hk,ky  (part of the widespread Black Kite, Milvus migrans, across Eurasia & Africa)
    Milvus migrans lineatus

  55. White-tailed (Sea-) Eagle (nt)  (Ojiro-washi) ______ JAN hk, DEC hk  (has also been called White-tailed (Fish-) Eagle)
    Haliaeetus a. albicilla

  56. Steller's Sea-Eagle (t3)  (O-washi) ______ JAN hk, DEC hk  (has also been called Steller's Fish-Eagle)   
    Haliaeetus p. pelagicus 

  57. Northerm Harrier  (Haiiro-chuhi) ______ JAN hn (has been called Hen Harrier; considered conspecific with the Northern Harrier of North America, Circus cyaneus hudsonius)
    Circus c. cyaneus

  58. Eastern Marsh Harrier  (Chuhi) ______ JAN hn  (has been considered by some as conspecific with the Western Marsh Harrier of Europe, and then called Northern Marsh Harrier)
    Circus s. spilonotus

  59. Northern Goshawk ______  DEC hk
    Accipiter gentilis

  60. Eurasian Sparrowhawk  (Hai-taka) ______ JAN hn, MAY hn,hi
    Accipiter nisus nisosimilis

  61. Japanese Sparrowhawk  (Tsumi) ______  JAN am, MAY hi,am
    Accipiter gularis iwasakii

  62. Common Buzzard  (Nosuri) ______ JAN hn,hk, MAY hn, DEC hk
    Buteo buteo japonicus

  63. Roughleg ______  DEC hk
    Buteo lagopus

  64. Grey-faced Buzzard  (Sashiba) ______ JAN am
    Butastur indicus 

  65. Mountain Hawk-Eagle  (Kuma-taka) ______ JAN ky, DEC hk
    Spizaetus nipalensis orientalis 
    (this subspecies of Japan rather distinct from populations on mainland Asia)

  66. Common Kestrel  (Chogenbo) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky,am, MAY hn, DEC ky
    Falco tinnunculus interstinctus

  67. Eurasian Hobby  (Chigo-hayabusa) ______ JAN ky,am, MAY hi
    Falco s. subbuteo

  68. Peregrine Falcon  (Hayabusa) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi, DEC hn
    Falco peregrinus japonensis

  69. Gyrfalcon  (Shiro-hayabusa) ______ JAN hk
    Falco rusticolus 
    (monotypic, but with a variation in color)

  70. Copper Pheasant (nt) (e)  (Yamadori) ______ JAN hn, MAY ky
    Syrmaticus soemmerringii
    Syrmaticus s. subrufus 
    (on Honshu)
    Syrmaticus s. ijimae
    (on Kyushu)

  71. (Japanese) Green Pheasant (e)  (Kiji) ______ MAY hn, DEC ky  (was considered as conspecific with the Common Pheasant native to Eurasia, Phasianus colchicus
    Phasianus versicolor
    Phasianus v. tohkaidi 
    (on Honshu)
    Phasianus v. tanensis 
    (on Kyushu)

  72. Okinawa Rail (t2) (JAe)  (Yambaru-kuina) ______ MAY ok
    Gallirallus okinawae 

  73. Ruddy-breasted Crake  (Hi-kuina) ______ JAN hn, MAY ok
    Porzana fusca erythrothorax

  74. Baillon's Crake  (Hime-kuina) ______ JAN am
    Porzana p. pusilla

  75. White-breasted Waterhen  (Shirohara-kuina) ______ JAN am, MAY ok
    Amaurornis p. phoenicurus

  76. Common Moorhen  (Ban) ______ JAN ky,am, MAY hn,hi,ky,am,ok, DEC ky
    Gallinula chloropus indica

  77. Eurasian Coot  (O-ban) ______ JAN hn,am, MAY hn, DEC ky
    Fulica a. atra|

  78. Common Crane (JAr)  (Kuro-zuru) ______ JAN ky
    Grus grus lilfordi

  79. Hooded Crane (t3) (Nabe-zuru) ______ JAN ky, DEC ky
    Grus monachus 

  80. Sandhill Crane (JAr)  (Kanada-zuru) ______ JAN ky, DEC ky
    Grus c. canadensis

  81. White-naped Crane (t3)  (Mana-zuru) ______ JAN ky, DEC ky
    Grus vipio 

  82. Red-crowned (or Japanese) Crane (t2)  (Tancho) ______ JAN hk, DEC hk
    Grus japonensis 

  83. Black-winged Stilt  (Seitaka-shigi) ______ JAN hn, MAY hn,ok, DEC hn
    Himantopus h. himantopus 

  84. Long-billed Plover (nt)  (Ikaru-chidori) ______ JAN hn,am, MAY hn
    Charadrius placidus japonicus

  85. Little Ringed Plover (Ko-chidori) ______ JAN am, MAY hn,am,ok, DEC ky
    Charadrius dubius curonicus

  86. Common Ringed Plover  (Hajiro-ko-chidori) ______ MAY hi, DEC hn 
    Charadrius hiaticula tundrae

  87. Kentish Plover  (Shiro-chidori) ______ JAN am, MAY am, DEC hn  (Eurasian birds no longer considered conspecific with those in North America & South America called Snowy Plover)
    Charadrius alexandrinus dealbatus 

  88. Lesser Sand Plover  (Medai-chidori) ______ JAN am, MAY am  (has been called Mongolian Plover)
    Charadrius mongolus stegmanni

  89. Greater Sand Plover (JAr)  (O-medai-chidori) ______ MAY am
    Charadrius l. leschenaultii

  90. Pacific Golden Plover  (Munaguro) ______ JAN am, MAY hn,ok
    Pluvialis fulva 

  91. Grey (or Black-bellied) Plover  (Daizen) ______ JAN am, MAY am, DEC hn
    Pluvialis s. squatarola

  92. Grey-headed Lapwing (nt)  (Keri) ______ MAY hn
    Vanellus cinereus 

  93. Northern Lapwing  (Tageri) ______ JAN hn,ky, DEC ky
    Vanellus vanellus 

  94. Temminck's Stint  (Ojiro-tonen) ______ JAN ky, DEC ky
    Calidris temminckii

  95. Red-necked Stint  (JArw)  (Tonen) ______ JAN am, MAY hn,am
    Calidris ruficollis 

  96. Long-toed Stint  (Hibari-shigi) ______ MAY hi
    Calidris subminuta 

  97. Sharp-tailed Sandpiper  (Uzura-shigi) ______ MAY am
    Calidris acuminata 

  98. Curlew Sandpiper  (Saruhama-shigi) ______ MAY am
    Calidris ferruginea

  99. Dunlin  (Hama-shigi) ______ JAN ky, MAY hn, DEC hn,ky
    Calidris alpina sakhalina 
    (other subspecies also occur in Japan: C. a. arcticola from Alaska, and C. a. kistchinskii & C. a. actites, both of these from further north in east Asia)  

  100. Ruddy Turnstone  (Kyojo-shigi) ______ JAN am, MAY hn
    Arenaria i. interpres 

  101. Amami Woodcock (t3) (JAe)  (Amami-yama-shigi) ______ JAN am
    Scolopax mira 

  102. Latham's (or Japanese) Snipe (nt) (JAneb)  (Oji-shigi) ______ MAY hi
    Gallinago hardwickii 

  103. Common Snipe  (Ta-shigi) ______ JAN ky,am, MAY hn,hi  (has been considered conspecific with Wilson's Snipe of North America, Gallinago delicata)
    Gallinago g. gallinago

  104. Solitary Snipe  (Ao-shigi)  ______ JAN hn
    Gallinago solitaria japonica

  105. Spotted Redshank (JArw)  (Tsuru-shigi) ______ MAY hn
    Tringa erythropus 

  106. Common Redshank (JAr)  (Akaashi-shigi) ______ MAY am
    Tringa totanus eurhinus

  107. Common Greenshank  (Aoashi-shigi) ______ JAN ky,am, MAY hi,ok
    Tringa nebularia 

  108. Marsh Sandpiper  (Ko-aoasi-shigi) ______ MAY am
    Tringa stagnatilis

  109. Green Sandpiper  (Kusa-shigi) ______ JAN ky,am, MAY hi,ok, DEC ky 
    Tringa ochropus 

  110. Wood Sandpiper  (Takabu-shigi) ______ MAY hi,ky,ok
    Tringa glareola 

  111. Terek Sandpiper  (Sorihashi-shigi) ______ MAY hi
    Xenus cinereus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  112. Grey-tailed (or Polynesian) Tattler  (Kiashi-shigi) ______ MAY hn,hi,ky,am,ok
    Heteroscelus brevipes 

  113. Common Sandpiper  (Iso-shigi) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,am,ok, DEC hn,ky
    Actitis hypoleucos 

  114. Bar-tailed Godwit  (O-sorihashi-shigi) ______ MAY ok
    Limosa lapponica baueri  

  115. Eurasian Curlew ______ DEC hn
    Numenius arquata

  116. "Eurasian" Whimbrel  (Chushaku-shigi) ______ MAY hn,hi,ok
    Numenius phaeopus variegatus

  117. Red-necked Phalarope  (Haiiro-hireashi-shigi) ______ JAN hnp, MAY hip
    Phalaropus lobatus 

  118. Pomarine Skua (or Pomarine Jaeger) ______  DEC hnp
    Stercorarius pomarinus

  119. Common Black-headed Gull  (Yuri-kamome) ______ JAN hn, MAY hn, DEC hn,hk
    Larus ridibundus 

  120. Black-tailed (or Japanese Gull) (JAneb)  (Umineko) ______ JAN hn,hnp,ky, MAY hn,hi,hip, DEC hnp,ky
    Larus crassirostris 

  121. "Kamchatka Gull"  (Kamome) ______ JAN hn,hnp,hk, DEC hnp,hk  (part of the Mew Gull, that has also been called Common Gull)
    Larus (canus) kamtschatschensis

  122. Vega Gull  (Seguro-kamome) _______ JAN hn,hnp,hk,ky, MAY hn,hi, DEC hnp,hk,ky  (considered by some distinct from Herring Gull of Europe, Larus argentatus, and the American Herring Gull, Larus a. smithsonianus)
    Larus (argentatus) vegae

  123. "Heuglin's" (Lesser Black-backed) Gull ______  DEC ky
    Larus fuscus

  124. "Mongolian" (Yellow-legged) Gull ______  DEC ky
    Larus cachinnans

  125. Slaty-backed Gull  (O-seguro-kamome) ______ JAN hn,hnp,hk,ky, MAY hn,hi, DEC hnp,hk,ky
    Larus schistisagus 

  126. Glaucous-winged Gull  (Washi-kamome) ______ JAN hn,hnp,hk, MAY hn,hi, DEC hnp
    Larus glaucescens 

  127. Glaucous Gull  (Shiro-kamome) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky, DEC hnp,hk
    Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus

  128. Iceland Gull (JAr)  (Aisurando-kamome) ______ JAN hk
    Larus glaucoides kumlieni

  129. Black-legged Kittiwake  (Mitsuyubi-kamome) ______ JAN hn,hnp, DEC hnp
    Rissa tridactyla 
    (now monotypic, with pollicaris merged)

  130. Common Tern  (Ajisashi) ______ MAY hn,ky
    Sterna hirundo longipennis

  131. Little Tern  (Ko-ajisashi) ______ MAY hn,am,ok  (closely related to Least Tern of North America)  
    Sterna albifrons sinensis

  132. Whiskered Tern  (JAr)  (Kurohara-ajisashi) ______ MAY ky
    Chlidonias hybridus javanica

  133. Common Murre   (Umigarasu) ______ JAN hnp  (has also been called Guillemot)
    Uria aalge inornata

  134. Thick-billed Murre  (Hashibuto-umigarasu) ______ JAN hnp,hk  (has also been called Brunnich's Guillemot)
    Uria lomvia arra

  135. Spectacled Guillemot  (Keimafuri) ______ JAN hnp,hk
    Cepphus carbo 

  136. Pigeon Guillemot  (Umibato) ______ JAN hnp, DEC hnp
    Cepphus columba snowi

  137. Long-billed Murrelet  (Madara-umisuzume) ______ JAN hnp
    Brachyramphus perdix 

  138. Ancient Murrelet  (Umisuzume) ______ JAN hnp,hk, DEC hnp  (the Japanese word "umisuzume" translates to "sea sparrow")
    Synthliboramphus a. antiquus  (the other subspecies, S. a, microrhynchos, at Commander Is. in northeast Asia) 

  139. Japanese Murrelet (t3) (JAe)  (Kanmuri-umisuzume) ______ MAY hip, DEC hnp
    Synthliboramphus wumizusume 

  140. Least Auklet  (Ko-umisuzume) ______ JAN hnp,hk
    Aethia pusilla 

  141. Common (or Feral) Pigeon (i)  (Dobato) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky, MAY hn,hi,ky,am,ok, DEC hn,hk,ky
    Columba l. livia

  142. Japanese (or Black) Wood-Pigeon (nt) (JAneb)  (Karasu-bato) ______ JAN am
    Columba j. janthina

  143. Oriental Turtle Dove  (Kiji-bato) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,ky,am,ok, DEC ky
    Streotopelia orientalis
    Streotopelia o. orientalis
    (on Hokkaido, Honshu, & Kyushu)
    Streotopelia o. stimpsoni
    (on Amami & Okinawa)

  144. White-bellied Green-Pigeon (nt)  (Ao-bato) ______ MAY ky
    (formerly Sphenurus) s. sieboldii

  145. Whistling (or Formosa) Green-Pigeon (nt)  (Zuaka-ao-bato) ______ JAN am, MAY am  (has also rather inappropriately been called Red-capped Green Pigeon)
    (formerly Sphenurus) formosae permagus  

  146. Common Cuckoo  (Kakko) ______ MAY hn,ky
    Cuculus canorus telephonus

  147. Oriental Cuckoo  (Tsutsudori) ______ MAY hi,ky
    Cuculus optatus

  148. Blakiston's Fish-Owl (t2)  (Shima-fukuro) ______ JAN hk, DEC hk
    Bubo b. blakistoni 
    (genus Bubo rather than Ketupa)

  149. Japanese Scops-Owl (O-konoha-zuku) ______ MAY ky  (formerly considered part of Collared Scops-Owl of mainland Asia, Otus lettia)
    Otus semitorques pryeri

  150. Oriental Scops-Owl  (Konoha-zuku) ______ MAY ok  (was at one time treated as a subspecies of the Common Scops-Owl, Otus scops)
    Otus sunia japonicus

  151. Elegant (or Ryukyu) Scops-Owl (nt) (neb)  (Ryukyu-konoha-zuku) ______ MAY am,ok  (recently considered part of Celebes (or Sulawesi) Scops-Owl of se Asian islands, Otus manadensis - prior to that, considered part of Oriental Scops-Owl, and at one time, treated as a subspecies of the Common Scops-Owl, Otus scops)
    Otus e. elegans (other subspecies are on islands off Taiwan and the Philippines)

  152. Brown (or Oriental) Hawk-Owl  (Aoba-zuku) ______ JAN am, MAY am
    Ninox scutulata japonica

  153. Ural Owl  (Fukuro) ______ JAN hn,hk, MAY ky
    Strix uralensis 
    Strix u. hondoensis  (on Hokkaido & Honshu) 
    Strix u. fuscescens 
    (on Kyushu)

  154. Grey Nightjar  (Yotaka) ______ MAY ky  (was called Jungle Nightjar
    Caprimulgus indicus jotaka

  155. House Swift  (Hime-amatsubame) ______ MAY am
    Apus nipalensis subfurcatus

  156. Fork-tailed Swift  (Amatsu-bame) ______ MAY hn,hip  (has also been called Pacific, or White-rumped, Swift
    Apus p. pacificus  

  157. Ruddy Kingfisher  (Aka-shobin) ______ MAY hi,ky,am,ok
    Halcyon coromanda
    Halcyon c. major 
    (on Hegura Is. &  Kyushu)
    Halcyon c. bangsi 
    (on Amami & Okinawa)

  158. Common Kingfisher  (Kawasemi) ______ JAN hn,am, MAY hi,ok, DEC ky
    Alcedo atthis bengalensis

  159. Crested Kingfisher  (Yamasemi) ______ JAN hn, MAY ky  (was called Greater Pied Kingfisher)
    Ceryle lugubris
    Ceryle l. pallida
    (on Hokkaido)
    Ceryle l. lugubris
    (on Honshu & Kyushu)

  160. Oriental Dollarbird  (Bupposo) ______ MAY ky  (closely related to the Broad-billed Roller of Africa)
    Eurystomus orientalis calonyx

  161. Japanese Green Woodpecker (JAe)  (Ao-gera) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn,ky
    Picus awokera
    Picus a. awokera
    (on Honshu)
    Picus a. horii
    (on Kyushu)
    (birds are larger & lighter in the north, smaller & darker in the south) 

  162. Okinawa (or Pryer's) Woodpecker (t1) (JAe)  (Noguchi-gera) ______ MAY ok
    Sapheopipo noguchii

  163. Amami (or Owston's) Woodpecker (t2) (JAe)  (O-aka-gera) ______ JAN am, MAY am  (has been considered a race of the White-backed Woodpecker)
    Dendrocopos (formerly Picoides) (leucotos) owstoni

  164. White-backed Woodpecker  (O-aka-gera) ______ MAY ky
    (formerly Picoides) leucotos namiyei  (subspecies in western Honshu & Kyushu)   

  165. Great Spotted Woodpecker  (Aka-gera) ______ JAN hn,hk, MAY hn, DEC hk,ky
    (formerly Picoides) major japonicus

  166. Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker  (Ko-gera) ______ JAN hn,hk,am, MAY hn,ky,am,ok, DEC hk 
    (formerly Picoides) kizuki
    Dendrocopos k. ijimae
    (on Hokkaido)
    Dendrocopos k. seebohmi (on Honshu)
    Dendrocopos k. amamii (on Amami)
    Dendrocopos k. kizuki
    (on Kyushu & Okinawa)

  167. Fairy Pitta (t3)  (Yairocho) ______ MAY ky (was at one time, by some, considered conspecific with Blue-winged Pitta, Pitta brachyura)
    Pitta nympha 

  168. Eurasian Skylark  (Hibari) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn,ky, DEC ky 
    Alauda arvensis japonica  (a resident)
    (other subspecies that occur Japan, but as non-breeding visitors, include:
    Alauda arvensis pekinensis &
    Alauda arvensis lonnbergi)

  169. Barn Swallow (Tsubame) ______ JAN ky, MAY hn,hi,ky,ok, DEC ky
    Hirundo rustica
    (2 subspecies recorded in Japan: Hirundo r. gutturalis (mostly), and Hirundo r. saturata)

  170. Pacific Swallow  (Ryukyu-tsubame) ______ JAN am, MAY am,ok
    Hirundo tahitica namiyae

  171. Asian House Martin (Iwa-tsubame) ______ MAY hn,ky  (has been considered conspecific with the Common House Martin of Europe, Delichon urbica)
    Delichon d. dasypus

  172. Richard's Pipit (JAr)  (Mamijiro-tahibari) ______ MAY hi
    Anthus novaeseelandiae

  173. Olive-backed Pipit   (Binzui) ______ JAN ky,am, MAY hi, DEC ky  (was called Indian Tree Pipit)
    Anthus h. hodgsoni
    (Anthus h. yunnanensis also occurs)

  174. Tree Pipit  (Yoroppa-binzui) ______  MAY hi
    Anthus trivialis haringtoni 
    (probably this subspecies)

  175. "Siberian" Buff-bellied Pipit  (Tahibari) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hi, DEC ky  (formerly part of Water Pipit, but now considered conspecific with the  Buff-bellied (or American) Pipit of North America, or possibly a distinct species)
    Anthus (rubescens) japonicus

  176. Eastern Yellow Wagtail (JAr)  (Tsumenaga-sekirei) ______ MAY hi
    Motacilla tschutschensis simillima

  177. Grey Wagtail  (Ki-sekirei) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi, DEC ky
    Motacilla cinerea robusta

  178. White Wagtail  (Hojiro / Haku-sekirei) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi, DEC hn,ky
    Motacilla alba
    Motacilla a. lugens 
    (throughout most of Japan; has been called Black-backed Wagtail
    Motacilla a. leucopsis
    (on Kyushu)  MAY ky

  179. Japanese Wagtail (JAe)  (Seguro-sekirei) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn, DEC hk,ky
    Motacilla grandis

  180. Brown-eared Bulbul  (JAneb)  (Hiyodori) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,ky,am,ok, DEC hn,hk,ky
    (formerly Hypsipetes) amaurotis
    Microscelis a.
    amaurotis  (on Hokkaido, Honshu, & Kyushu)
    Microscelis a. ogawae
      (on Amami)
    Microscelis a. pryeri 
    (on Okinawa)

  181. Light-vented Bulbul  (Shirogashira) ______ MAY ok
    Pycnonotus sinensis orii

  182. Ashy Minivet  (Sanshokui) ______ MAY hn,hi
    Pericrocotus divaricatus 
    (monotypic, with tegimae split)

  183. Ryukyu Minivet (JAe)  (Ryukyu-sanshokui) ______ JAN ky,am, MAY ky,am  (was considered conspecific with the Ashy Minivet)
    Pericrocotus tegimae

  184. Brown (or Pallas') Dipper  (Kawagarasu) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky, MAY hn
    Cinclus p. pallasii

  185. Northern (or Winter) Wren  (Misosazai) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn,ky, DEC hk
    Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus

  186. Japanese Accentor (JAe)  (Kaya-kuguri) ______ JAN hn
    Prunella rubida fervida
    (on Hokkaido)

  187. Ryukyu Robin (nt) (Akahige) ______ JAN am, MAY am,ok
    Erithacus komadori
    Erithacus k. komadori
    (on Amami)
    Erithacus k. namiyei
    (on Okinawa)
    (From the Japanese names for the
    Japanese & Ryukyu Robins, notice that the scientific names for the 2 species were erroneously applied.) 

  188. Rufous-tailed (or Swinhoe's) Robin  (Shima-goma) ______  MAY hi
    Luscinia sibilans 

  189. Siberian Rubythroat  (No-goma) ______ MAY hi
    Luscinia calliope camtschhatkensis

  190. Bluethroat  (JArw)  (Ogawa-komadori) ______ MAY hi
    Luscinia s. svecicus

  191. Siberian Blue Robin  (Ko-ruri) ______ MAY hi
    Luscinia cyane bachaiensis  

  192. Daurian Redstart (Jo-bitaki) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky,am, MAY hn, DEC ky
    Phoenicurus a. auroreus

  193. Eurasian Stone Chat  (No-bitaki) ______ MAY hi  
    Saxicola torquatus stejnegeri  ("Siberian Stone Chat") 

  194. Red-flanked Bluetail  (Ruri-bitaki) _____ JAN hn,ky, MAY hi  (has also been called Siberian Bluechat, or Orange-flanked Bush-Robin
    Tarsiger c. cyanurus

  195. Pied Wheatear  (JAr)  (Seguro-sabaku-hitaki)  ______  MAY hi
    Oenanthe pleschanka

  196. Isabelline Wheater  (JAr)  (Inaba-hitaki) ______ MAY hi
    Oenanthe isabellina 

  197. Blue Rock Thrush  (Iso-hiyodori) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,am,ok  (a subspecies of the Blue Rock Thrush, with a reddish belly)
    Monticola solitarius philippensis

  198. White's (Ground) Thrush  (Tora-tsugumi) ______ JAN ky,am, MAY hi  (has been considered conspecific with the Scaly (Ground) Thrush of southeast Asia) 
    Zoothera aurera toratugumi 

  199. Amami Thrush (t1) (JAe)  (O-tora-tsugumi) ______ JAN am, MAY am  (has been considered conspecific with the White's (Ground) Thrush)
    Zoothera amami 

  200. Siberian Thrush  (Mamijiro) ______ MAY hi
    Zoothera sibirica davisoni

  201. Brown-headed Thrush (JAneb)  (Akahara) ______ JAN hn, MAY hi  (has been called Brown Thrush)
    Turdus c. chrysolaus

  202. Pale Thrush  (Shirohara) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hi, DEC ky
    Turdus pallidus 

  203. Eye-browed (or Grey-headed) Thrush  (Mamichajinai) ______ MAY hi
    Turdus obscurus 

  204. Dusky Thrush  (Tsugumi) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky,am, MAY hn,hi, DEC hk,ky
    Turdus eunomus 

  205. Naumann's Thrush (JAr) ______ MAY hi  (was considered conspecific with Dusky Thrush)
    Turdus naumanni 

  206. Japanese (Grey) Thrush  (Kuro-tsugumi) ______ MAY hn  (This species has been called Grey Thrush, but there's another species with that name in Africa. This name notwithstanding, the species is not endemic to Japan, occurring also in China & Korea.)  
    Turdus cardis 

  207. Asian Stubtail  (Yabusame) ______ MAY ky  (was called Short-tailed Bush Warbler
    Cettia s. squameiceps

  208. Japanese Bush Warbler (Uguisu) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,ky,ok, DEC ky
    Cettia diphone
    Cettia d. sakhalinensis 
    (on Honshu & Kyushu, non-breeding, winter)
    Cettia d. cantans  (on Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, breeding)
    Cettia d. riukiuensis  (on Amami & Okinawa)

  209. Zitting Cisticola  (Sekka) ______ JAN ky,am, MAY hn,ky,am,ok  (was called Fan-tailed Warbler, but there's another species with that name in Mexico, totally unrelated; also now the cisticolas are not in the same family as the Old World Warblers) 
    Cisticola juncidis brunniceps

  210. Gray's Grasshopper Warbler  (Ezo-sennyu) ______ MAY hi
    Locustella fasciolata amnicola

  211. Marsh Grassbird  (t3)  (O-sekka) ______ MAY hn  (has also been called Japanese Marsh Warbler)
    Megalurus p. pryeri 

  212. Black-browed (or Schenk's) Reed Warbler  (Ko-yoshikiri) ______ MAY hi
    Acrocephalus bistrigiceps 

  213. Oriental Reed Warbler  (O-yoshikiri) ______ MAY hn  (was considered conspecific with the Great Reed Warbler of Europe, Acrocephalus arundinaceus)
    Acrocephalus orientalis

  214. Eastern Crowned Warbler  (Sendai-mushikui) ______ MAY hn,hi
    Phylloscopus coronatus 

  215. Sakhalin Leaf Warbler (Ezo-mushikui) ______ MAY hi  (was part of Pale-legged Leaf Warbler) 
    Phylloscopus borealoides 

  216. Ijima's Leaf Warbler  (t3) (JAeb)  (Ijima-mushikui) ______ JAN am  (has historically been included in Eastern & Western Crowned Warblers and in Pale-legged Warbler)
    Phylloscopus ijimae  (monotypic)

  217. Arctic Warbler  (Meboso-mushikui) ______ JAN hn MAY hi
    Phylloscopus b. borealis
    (another subspecies, Phylloscopus b. xanthodryas, also occurs in Japan) 

  218. Yellow-browed Warbler (JAr)  (Kimayu-mushikui) ______ MAY hi
    Phylloscopus inornatus 

  219. Dusky Warbler (JAr)  (Muji-sekka) ______ MAY hi
    Phylloscopus f. fuscatus

  220. Radde's Warbler (JAr) (Karafuto-muji-sekka)  ______  MAY hi
    Phylloscopus schwarzi 

  221. Goldcrest  (Kikuitadaki) ______ JAN hk
    Regulus regulus japonensis

  222. Blue-and-white Flycatcher (O-ruri) ______ MAY hn,hi,ky
    Cyanoptila c. cyanomelana

  223. Asian Brown Flycatcher (Ko-same-bitaki) ______ MAY hn,hi
    Muscicapa d. dauurica 

  224. Dark-sided Flycatcher  (Same-bitaki) ______ MAY hi  (was called Siberian Flycatcher; another name that has been given to this bird, Sooty Flycatcher, inappropriate as there's a bird so-named in Africa) 
    Muscicapa s. sibirica

  225. Gray-streaked Flycatcher (Ezo-bitaki) ______ MAY hi
    Muscicapa griseisticta 

  226. Mugimaki Flycatcher  (JAr)  (Mugimaki) ______ MAY hi
    Ficedula mugimaki 

  227. Narcissus Flycatcher  (JAneb)  (Ki-bitaki) ______ MAY hn,hi,ky
    Ficedula n. narcissina

  228. Ryukyu Flycatcher  (formerly part of Narcissus Flycatcher) (t2) (JAe)  (Ryukyu Ki-bitaki) ______  MAY am
    Ficedula (narcissina) owstoni

  229. Yellow-rumped  (or Tricolored) Flycatcher (JAr)  (Mamijiro-ki-bitaki) ______ MAY hi
    Ficedula zanthopygia 

  230. Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (nt) (JAneb)  (Sankocho) ______ MAY ok  (was called Black Paradise Flycatcher
    Terpsiphone atrocaudata illex
    (on Kyushu & Nansei Shoto islands)
    Terpsiphone a. atrocaudata  (on Honshu, & Hegura Island) 

  231. Long-tailed Bushtit  (Enaga) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky, MAY ky, DEC ky
    Aegithalos caudatus 
    Aegithalos c. japonicus
    (on Hokkaido)
    Aegithalos c. trivirgatus
      (on Honshu)
    Aegithalos c. kiusiuensis 
    (on Kyushu)

    (A.c. japonicus in the Caudatus group, with head & throat white, A.c. trivirgatus & kiusiuensis in the Europaeus group, with head having dark lateral crown stripes)

  232. Marsh Tit  (Hashibuto-gara) ______ JAN hk, DEC hk
    Parus palustris hensoni
    (in Brevirostris group)

  233. Willow Tit  (Ko-gara) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn
    Parus montanus restrictus (in the Kamtschatkenis group)
    (Parus m. sachalinensis, slightly paler, from Sakhalin Island, may occur on Hokkaido as a vagrant.)

  234. Varied Tit  (JAneb)  (Yama-gara) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,ky,am, DEC hk,ky
    Parus varius
    Parus v. varius
    (on Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu)
    Parus v. amami
    (on Amami & Okinawa)
    (other subspecies occur on various Japanese islands, Parus v. yakushimensis also on Amami Is. as a non-breeding visitant)

  235. Coal Tit  (Hi-gara) ______ JAN hn, MAY hn, DEC ky
    Parus ater insularis
    (in the Ater group)

  236. Great Tit  (Shiju-kara) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky,am, MAY hn,ky,am,ok, DEC hk,ky
    Parus major
    Parus m. minor
      (on Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu)
    Parus m. amamiensis
      (on Amami)
    Parus m. okinawae
      (on Okinawa)
    (these 3 subspecies in the
    Minor group)

  237. Eurasian Nuthatch  (Goju-kara) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky, MAY hn, DEC hk
    Sitta europaea
    Sitta e. asiatica 
    (on Hokkaido, a pale-breasted form)
    Sitta e. amurensis 
    (on Honshu)
    Sitta e. roseilia 
    (on Kyushu)
    (these subspecies in the Europaea group)

  238. Eurasian Treecreeper  (Kivashiri) ______ JAN hk
    Certhia familiaris
    Certhia f. daurica 
    (on Hokkaido)
    Certhia f. japonica 
    (on Honshu)
    (these 2 subspecies in the northern Familiaris group)

  239. Chinese Penduline-Tit  (was considered conspecific with other Penduline-Tits across Eurasia - now 4 species) (Tsurisu-gara) ______ JAN ky
    Remiz consobrinus

  240. Japanese White-eye  (Mejiro) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,hip,ky,am,ok, DEC ky
    Zosterops japonica
    Zosterops j. japonica 
    (on Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu)
    Zosterops j. loochooensis 
    (on Amami & Okinawa)
    (other subspecies occur on various, smaller, Japanese islands)

  241. Bull-headed Shrike  (Mozu) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn,hi, DEC ky
    Lanius b. bucephalus

  242. Brown Shrike  (Aka-mozu) ______ MAY hi
    Lanius cristatus 
    Lanius c. lucionensis 
    (in Okinawa)
    Lanius c. superciliosus  (breeds on Hokkaido & Honshu)

  243. Eurasian Jay  (Kakesu) ______ JAN hn,hk, MAY hn,ky, DEC hk,ky
    Garrulus glandarius
    Garrulus g. brandtii
    (on Hokkaido)
    Garrulus g. japonicus
    (on Honshu & Kyushu)
    (2 other subspecies occur on other Japanese islands)

  244. Lidth's Jay (t3) (JAe)  (Ruri-kakesu) ______ JAN am, MAY am
    Garrulus lidthi 

  245. Azure-winged Magpie  (Onaga) ______ JAN hn
    Cyanopica cyana japonica

  246. Daurian Jackdaw  (Kokumaru-garasu) ______ JAN ky
    Corvus dauuricus 

  247. Rook  (Miyama-garasu) ______ JAN ky, DEC ky
    Corvus frugilegus pastinator

  248. Carrion Crow  (Hashiboso-garasu) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky, MAY hn,hi,ky, DEC hk,ky
    Corvus corone orientalis

  249. Large-billed Crow  (Hashibuto-garasu) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky,am, MAY hn,hi,ky,am,ok, DEC hn,hk,ky  (was considered conspecific with the Jungle Crow of southern Asia, Corvus levaillantii)
    Corvus macrorhynchos
    Corvus m. japonensis 
    (on Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu)
    Corvus m. connectens 
    (on Amami & Okinawa)
    (1, maybe 2, other subspecies occur on various Japanese islands)  

  250. White-cheeked (or Grey) Starling  (Mukudori) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn,hi,ky, DEC hn,ky  (has also been called Ashy Starling)
    Sturnus cineraceus 

  251. Chestnut-cheeked Starling  (nt) (JAeb)  (Ko-mukudori) ______ MAY hn,hi  (has also been called Violet-backed Starling, or Myna)
    Sturnus philippensis 

  252. Daurian (or Purple-backed) Starling  (JAr)  (Shiberia-mukudori)  ______  MAY hi
    Sturnus sturninus 

  253. Black Drongo  (JAr)  (Ochu)  ______  MAY hi
    Dicrurus macrocercus
    (The subspecies in China is D. m. cathoecus; the subspecies endemic to Taiwan is D. m. harterti.) 

  254. Black-naped Oriole  (JAr)  (Korai-uguisu) ______  MAY hi
    Oriolus chinensis diffusus

  255. Eurasian Tree Sparrow  (Suzume) ______ JAN hn,hk,ky,am, MAY hn,ky,am,ok, DEC hn,hk,ky
    Passer montanus saturatus

  256. Scaly-breasted (or Spotted) Munia (i)  (Amihara) ______ MAY ok  (also called Nutmeg Mannikin)
    Lonchura punctulata

  257. Brambling  (Atori) ______ JAN hk,ky, MAY hi 
    Fringilla montifringilla 

  258. Grey-capped Greenfinch  (Kawara-hiwa) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn,hi,ky, DEC ky
    Carduelis sinica
    (Carduelis s. minor breeds, Carduelis s. kawarahiba a winter visitor)

  259. Eurasian Siskin  (Ma-hiwa) ______ MAY hi
    Carduelis spinus 

  260. Eurasian Bullfinch  (Uso) ______ JAN hk
    Pyrrhula pyrrhula rosaacea

  261. Japanese Grosbeak  (Ikaru) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn,hi
    Eophona p. personata

  262. Yellow-billed (or Chinese) Grosbeak  (JAr)  (Ko-ikaru)  ______  MAY hi
    Eophona m. migratoria

  263. Hawfinch  (Shime) ______ JAN hn,hk, MAY hn,hi, DEC hk
    Caccothraustes caccothraustes japonicus

  264. Grey Bunting (JAneb)  (Kuroji) ______ MAY hi
    Emberiza v. variabilis

  265. Black-faced Bunting  (Aoji) ______ JAN hn,ky,am, MAY hn,hi, DEC ky
    Emberiza spodocephala personata

  266. Japanese Yellow Bunting  (t3) (JAeb)  (Nojiko) ______ MAY hi  (has also been called Siebold's Bunting)
    Emberiza sulphurata 

  267. Meadow Bunting (Hijiro) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn,hi,ky, DEC ky
    Emberiza cioides ciopsis

  268. Chestnut-eared (or Grey-headed) Bunting  (Hoaka) ______ MAY hi
    Emberiza f. fucata

  269. Rustic Bunting  (Kashiradaka) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hn,hi
    Emberiza rustica latifascia

  270. Yellow-throated Bunting  (Miyama-hojiro) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hi, DEC ky
    Emberiza e. elegans

  271. Yellow-browed Bunting  (JAr)  (Kimayu-hojiro)  ______  MAY hi
    Emberiza chrysophrys 

  272. Little Bunting  (JAr)  (Ko-hoaka)  ______  MAY hi
    Emberiza pusilla 

  273. Tristram's Bunting  (JAr)  (Shirohara-hojiro) ______ MAY hi
    Emberiza tristrami 

  274. Common Reed Bunting  (O-jurin) ______ JAN hn,ky, MAY hi, DEC ky
    Emberiza schoeniclus pyrrhulina

  275. Pallas' Reed Bunting  (JAr)  (Shiberia-jurin) ______ JAN ky
    Emberiza pallasi minor

  276. Japanese Reed Bunting  (nt)  (Ko-jurin) ______ JAN hn, MAY hn  (has also been called Ochre-rumped Bunting)
    Emberiza y. yessoensis

  277. Red-billed Leiothrix (i)  (Soushicho) ______ JAN ky
    Leiothrix lutea

Japan Mammals

during FONT Birding & Nature Tours
in 2007


JAN:  January 15-30, 2007: 
Honshu (hn), pelagic on Pacific ferry north to Hokkaido (hnp), Hokkaido (hk), Kyushu (ky), Amami (am)   
May 6-20, 2007: 
Honshu (hn), Hegura Island in Sea of Japan off Honshu (hi), pelagics on ferry to/from Hegura (hip), Okinawa (ok), Amami (am), Kyushu (ky)

JAe:  Japanese endemic

  1. Amami Rabbit  (JAe)   ______  MAY am
      Pentalagus furnessi

  2. Japanese Hare  (JAe)  ______  JAN hn, DEC ky
      Lepus brachyurus

  3. Japanese Squirrel  (JAe)  ______  JAN hn, MAY hn
      Sciurus lis

  4. Red Fox  ______  JAN hk, MAY ky, DEC hk
      Vulpes vulpes schrencki  (hk)
      Vulpes vulpes japonica  (ky)

  5. Raccoon Dog  ______  MAY ky
      Nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus

  6. Eurasian Badger  ______  MAY hn
      Meles meles anakuma

  7. Japanese Marten  ______  MAY hn, DEC ky
      Martes memlampus memlampus

  8. True's Shrew-Mole  (JAe)  ______  MAY ky
      Dymecodon pilirostris

  9. Large Japanese Fieldmouse  (JAe)  ______  MAY ky
      Apodemus speciosus

10. Ryukyu Spiny Rat  (JAe)  ______  JAN am 
(has also been called Amami Spinous Mouse)
     Tokudaia osimensis

11. Ryukyu (Tree) Rat  (JAe)  ______  JAN am
     Diplothrix legatus  

12. Ryukyu Flying Fox  ______  MAY ok
     Pteropus dasymallus 

13. Little Japanese Horseshoe Bat  (JAe)  ______  MAY hn
     Rhinolophus cornutus

14. Japanese Macaque  (JAe)  ______  JAN hn,ky 
(popularly called "Snow Monkey")
     Macaca fuscata fuscata

15. Sika Deer  ______  JAN hk,ky, MAY ky, DEC hk,ky
     Cervus nippon yesoensis  (hk)
     Cervus nippon nippon  (ky)

16. Eurasian Wild Boar  ______  MAY ky, DEC ky
     Sus scrofa leucomystax

17. Northern Fur Seal  ______  JAN hnp, DEC hnp
     Callorhinus ursinus