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E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876

Birds of the
Amazon Basin

Noting those found during 
Focus On Nature Tours
in the Amazon regions of 
Brazil, Ecuador, & Venezuela
with an (*)  

A List of Amazonian Birds compiled by Armas Hill

Photo at right: the KING VULTURE 

Cumulatively there have been 50 FONT birding & nature tours in Brazil, and 1,065 species of birds have cumulatively been seen.
"Amazonian" birding in Brazil has been in the state of Amazonas (near Manaus) and in central & northern Mato Grosso state, in the areas of "Jardim da Amazona" ("the Garden of the Amazon"), and the Rio Cristalino & Alta Floresta.

In Ecuador & the offshore Galapagos Islands, there have been about a dozen FONT tours, during which, cumulatively, over a thousand bird species have been seen. 
In "Amazonian Ecuador", there have been FONT tours in the Rio Napo Valley, and in southern Ecuador east of Loja.       

In Venezuela, there have also been about a dozen FONT tours, with approximately 675 bird species seen. "Amazonian" birding in Venezuela has mostly been in the state of Bolivar in the southeastern part of the country.     

Taxonomy is incorporated in the following list from "The Birds of Ecuador - Status, Distribution, and Taxonomy" by Robert S. Ridgely and Paul J. Greenfield. 
And from the 3rd edition of "The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World". 
In general, the taxonomic order is as it is in that publication and in "Birds of the World - Recommended English Names" by Frank Gill and Minturn Wright. Nomenclature is usually as it is in the Gill & Wright book. 

Another source, published in 2009, is "A Field Guide to the Birds of Brazil" by Ber van Perlo. The book is available from FONT at a reduced price, and especially so for those joining FONT tours in Brazil.     

Another fine book was published in 2007 with some superb photographs, "Aves d Amazona" by Edson Endrigo. Species in the following list with photos in that book are coded (aa). 


(BRe):   endemic to Brazil
(BRqe): quasi (or near) endemic to Brazil

(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
  (t1): critical 
  (t2): endangered 
  (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally

BR:    found during FONT tours in Amazonian Brazil
AF:   in the area of Alta Floresta & Rio Cristalino in northern Mato Grosso  
  AM:  in Amazonas (near Manaus)   
  JA:   in & near the Jardin da Amazonia, "the Garden of the Amazon" in central Mato Grosso
  mr:   in the area of the Rivers Madeira and Roosevelt  
EC:    found during FONT tours in Amazonian Ecuador  (in the Napo River Valley)
VE:    found during FONT tours in Amazonian Venezuela  (n the state of Bolivar)  

(ph):  species with a photograph in this web-site


Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Brazil, Ecuador Venezuela

A Complete List of Brazilian Birds, in 4 parts:
Part #1:  Tinamous to Doves    
Part #2:  Macaws to Flycatchers
Part #3:  Antshrikes to Woodcreepers
Part #4: Vireos to Grosbeaks 

Rare & Threatened Birds of Brazil  (with some photos)

Birds of Ecuador  (with some photos)     Birds of Venezuela  (with some photos)

Mammals & Some Other Wildlife in Brazil  (with some photos)

Butterflies of South America, a list in 5 parts  (with some photos)

Directory of Photos in this Web-Site




  1. Great Tinamou  (nt) (aa) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  VE
    Tinamus major olivascens

    The Great Tinamou roosts at night on a tree branch in the forest.  

  2. Gray Tinamou  (t3) (*)  ______ BR  JA  mr
    Tinamus tao kleei

  3. White-throated Tinamou  (nt)  ______  BR  mr
    Tinamus guttatus


  4. Cinereous Tinamou  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  mr  EC
    Crypturellus cinereus 

  5. Little Tinamou  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC  
    Crypturellus soui albigularis

  6. Undulated Tinamou  (*) ______  BR  AM:feb  mr  EC  VE
    Crypturellus undulatus vermiculatus

  7. Brown Tinamou  (*) ______ BR  AF
    Crypturellus obsoletus griseiventris  

  8. Small-billed Tinamou  (*) ______ BR  mr
    Crypturellus parvirostris 

  9. Brazilian Tinamou  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr
    Crypturellus strigulosus 

  10. Red-legged Tinamou ______ (in far-northern Brazil)
    Crypturellus erythropus

  11. Gray-legged Tinamou  (nt)  ______ (in far-northwestern Brazil)
    Crypturellus duidae

  12. Black-capped Tinamou  (nt)  ______ (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Crypturellus atrocapillus

  13. Bartlett's Tinamou  (*)  ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Crypturellus bartletti

  14. Rusty Tinamou ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Crypturellus brevirostris

  15. Barred Tinamou ______ (in far northwestern Brazil)
    Crypturellus cassiquiare

  16. Variegated Tinamou  (*)  ______  BR  mr  EC  VE
    Crypturellus variegatus


  17. Red-winged Tinamou  (*)  ______  BR  JA  mr
    Rhynchotus rufescens


  18. Little Chachalaca  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  VE  (this species, north of the Amazon, was conspecific with the Speckled, Scaled, & Chestnut-headed Chachalacas; was called Variable Chachalaca when combined) 
    Ortalis motmot ruficeps 

  19. Chestnut-headed Chachalaca  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  (this species, south of the Amazon, was conspecific with the Speckled, Scaled, & Little Chachalacas; was called Variable Chachalaca when combined)  
    Ortalis guttata 

  20. Buff-browed Chachalaca  (BRe) ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Ortalis superciliaris


  21. Rusty-margined Guan  (*) ______  (south of the Amazon)
    Penelope superciliaris 

  22. Spix's Guan  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Penelope j. jacquacu

  23. Marail Guan ______  BR  AM:feb  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Penelope marial 

  24. White-crested Guan  (t3) (BRe) ______ (in eastern Amazonian Brazil)
    Penelope pileata


  25. Common Piping-Guan  (t3) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  EC  VE       
    Pipile cumanensis nattereri  (the "Red-throated Piping Guan"


  26. Bare-faced Curassow  (*) ______ BR  AF
    Crax fasiolata pinima  
    ("Natterer's Bare-faced Curassow")

  27. Black Curassow  (t3)  (aa) (*) ______  VE   (in far-northern Brazil) 
    Crax alector

    Where forests are well preserved, and where there is no hunting, gallinaceous birds such as the Black Curassow are tame, with little fear of man.

  28. Wattled Curassow  (t3) ______ (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Crax globulosa


  29. Razor-billed Curassow  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr
    Mitu tuberosum
      (was considered conspecific with the Alagoas Curassow of eastern Brazil that's now either extinct or nearly so in the wild)

    The Razor-billed Curassow is the largest of the curassows in Brazil. During the dry season, it can be seen walking along river banks, particularly in the early morning and at dusk. 

  30. Crestless Curassow  (nt)  ______ (in far-northern Brazil)
    Mitu tomentosum


  31. Nocturnal Curassow  (*)  ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Nothocrax urumutum


  32. Marbled Wood Quail  (nt) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  EC
    Odontophorus g. gujanensis

  33. Starred Wood Quail ______
    Odontophorus stellatus


  34. Crested Bobwhite  (aa) (*)  ______  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Colinus cristatus


  35. Horned Screamer  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb  EC
    Anhima cornuta


  36. Muscovy Duck  (ph) (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  JA mr  EC
    Cairina moschata
      (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  37. White-faced Whistling Duck  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF
    Dendrocygna viduata

  38. Black-bellied Whistling Duck  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  JA  mr
    Dendrocygna autumnalis discolor

  39. Fulvous Whistling Duck  (*) ______ 
    Dendrocygna bicolor


  40. Orinoco Goose  (nt)  ______
    Neochen jubata 
    (the single member of its genus) 


  41. White-cheeked Pintail  (*) ______ 
    Anas bahamensis rubriostris


  42. Brazilian Teal  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  JA
    Amazonetta brasiliensis ipecutiri 
    (the single member of its genus)


  43. Masked Duck  (*) ______ 
    (formerly Oxyura) dominica  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 


  44. Least Grebe  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb  JA
    (formerly Podiceps) dominicus speciesus


  45. Jabiru  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  mr  VE
    Jabiru mycteria 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  46. Maguari Stork  (ph) (*) ______ 
    Ciconia maguari


  47. Wood Stork  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Mycteria americana


  48. Scarlet Ibis  (ph) (*) ______ 
    Eudocimus ruber


  49. Buff-necked Ibis  (ph) (*)  ______ 
    Theristicus caudatus hyperorius


  50. Sharp-tailed Ibis  (*)  ______  (in northern Brazil & western Amazonian Brazil)
    Cercibis oxycerca  


  51. Green Ibis  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  mr  JA  EC
    Mesembrinibis cayennensis
      (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  52. Roseate Spoonbill  (ph) (*) ______ 
    Platalea ajaja  (monotypic)


  53. Striated Heron  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA mr  EC  VE  (at one time considered conspecific with the Green Heron of North America and most of Central America, and was then called Green-backed Heron
    Butorides s. striatus


  54. Least Bittern  (ph) (*)  ______ 
    Ixobrychus exilis erythromelas


  55. Rufescent Tiger Heron  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC
    Tigrisoma lineatum marmoratum


  56. Zigzag Heron  (nt) (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  EC
    Zebrilus undulatus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

    The loud call of the Zigzag Heron can echo along a river bank, especially during its breeding season, which is generally from January to March. The bird often stands motionless by the water's edge.   


  57. Yellow-crowned Night Heron  (ph) (*)  ______ 
    Nyctanassa violacea cayennensis 
    (the single member of its genus)


  58. Black-crowned Night Heron  (ph) (*) ______  BR  mr
    Nycticorax nycticorax hoactli


  59. Boat-billed Heron  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  EC
    Cochlearius c. cochlearius 
    (the single member of its genus)


  60. Agami Heron  (t3) (ph) (*) ______  BR  AF  AM:feb  EC  (has also been called Chestnut-bellied Heron
    Agamia agami
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  61. Capped Heron  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr
    Pilherodius pileatus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  62. Western Cattle Egret  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Bubulcus ibis


  63. Little Blue Heron  (ph) (*)  ______ EC
    Egretta caerulea

  64. Snowy Egret  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC
    Egretta thula brewsteri

  65. Tricolored Heron  (ph)  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Egretta tricolor  


  66. Cocoi Heron  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA mr  EC  VE  (has also been called White-necked Heron, but there's a species so-named in Australia)
    Ardea cocoi 

  67. Great Egret  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA mr  EC  VE
    (formerly Casmerodius or Egretta) alba egretta


  68. Brown Pelican  (ph) ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Pelecanus occidentalis


  69. Neotropic Cormorant  (ph)  ______  BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA mr  EC  VE  (has also been called Olivaceous Cormorant)
    Phalacrocorax b. brasilianus 
    (formerly P. olivacous)


  70. Anhinga  (ph) (aa) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA mr  EC  VE
    Anhinga a. anhinga


  71. King Vulture  (ph) (aa) (*)  ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Sarcoramphus papa 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  72. Black Vulture  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Coragyps atratus (brasiliensis)
    (now said to be monotypic)


  73. Turkey Vulture  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Cathartes aura ruficollis

  74. Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  VE
    Cathartes burrovianus urubitinga
      (now said to be monotypic)

  75. Greater Yellow-headed Vulture  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Cathartes melambrotus 


  76. Northern Crested Caracara  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  VE  (was considered conspecific with the now Southern Crested Caracara that's generally south of the Amazon) 
    Caracara cheriway 

  77. Southern Crested Caracara  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  (was considered conspecific with Northern Crested Caracara, Caracara cheriway, of north of the Amazon & further north in Central America & parts of North America) 
    Caracara plancus


  78. Black Caracara  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC
    Daptrius ater
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  79. Red-throated Caracara  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  mr  EC  VE
    Ibycter americanus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  80. Yellow-headed Caracara  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Milvago c. chimachima


  81. Laughing Falcon  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC
    Herpetotheres cachinnans queribundus 
    (the single member of its genus)


  82. Barred Forest Falcon  (*) ______  BR  JA  mr
    Micrastur ruficollis

  83. Collared Forest Falcon  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb  mr
    Micrastur semitorquatus

  84. Crytic Forest Falcon  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr  (was conspecific with the Lined Forest Falcon) (in Amazonian Brazil south of the river)
    Micrastur mintoni 
    (species recently described)

  85. Lined Forest Falcon  (*)  ______  EC  VE  (in northwestern Brazil)
    Micrastur gilvicollis

  86. Slaty-backed Forest Falcon ______  BR  mr  (in northwestern Brazil)
    Micrastur mirandollei

  87. Buckley's Forest Falcon ______  (has been found at scattered locations in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Micrastur buckleyi


  88. American Kestrel  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  VE
    Falco sparverius caerae

  89. Bat Falcon  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Falco r. rufigularis

  90. Orange-breasted Falcon  (nt) (ph) (*)  ______ 
    Falco deiroleucos 

  91. Peregrine Falcon  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb
    Falco peregrinus tundrius

  92. Merlin  (ph)  ______  (rare in far-northern Brazil)
    Falco columbarius

  93. Aplomado Falcon  (*)  ______  BR  JA  mr 
    Falco femoralis


  94. Osprey  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  EC
    Pandion haliaetus carolinensis 
    (the single member of its genus)


  95. Swallow-tailed Kite  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Elanoides forficatus 
    (the single member of its genus)


  96. Pearl Kite  (*) ______  BR  mr
    Gampsonyx swainsonii 
    (the single member of its genus)


  97. White-tailed Kite  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA
    Elanus l. leucurus


  98. Gray-headed Kite  (*) ______  BR  AM:feb  JA  mr
    Leptodon cayanensis 
    (the single member of its genus)


  99. Hook-billed Kite  (*) ______  BR  JA  EC
    Chondrohierax uncinatus 
    (the single member of its genus)


  100. Snail Kite  (ph)  (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug
    Rostrhamus s. sociabilis 


  101. Slender-billed Kite  (*)  ______  EC  (in Brazil, mostly in the Amazonian basin)
    (formerly Rostrhamus) hamatus


  102. Double-toothed Kite  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  mr  VE
    Harpagus b. bidentatus

  103. Rufous-thighed Kite  (*) ______  BR  JA  (occurs uncommonly in the Amazon basin during the Austral winter)  
    Harpagus diodon


  104. Plumbeous Kite  (*) _______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Ictinia plumbea

  105. Mississippi Kite ______  (migrates through the Amazonian basin)
    Ictinia mississippiensis


  106. Long-winged Harrier  (ph) (*) ______  (in Brazil, occurs as far north as the Amazonian basin during the austral winter)    
    Circus buffoni


  107. Crane Hawk  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  EC
    Geranospiza caerulescens 
    (the single member of its genus) 


  108. Bicolored Hawk  (*) ______ 
    Accipiter bicolor 

  109. Tiny Hawk  (*) ______  BR  AF
    Accipiter superciliosus

  110. Gray-bellied Hawk  (nt) (*) ______ 
    Accipiter poliogaster 


  111. Slate-colored Hawk  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  EC
    Leucopternis schistacea 

  112. White-browed Hawk  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA
    Leucopternis kuhli 

  113. White Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  EC
    Leucopternis a. albicollis

  114. Black-faced Hawk  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb  EC  (in Brazil, north of the Amazon)
    Leucopternis melanops


  115. Great Black Hawk  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  JA  mr  VE
    Buteogallus urubitinga 

  116. Savanna Hawk  (ph) (*) ______  BR  AM:feb  JA  mr  VE
    Buteogallus meridionalis 

  117. Rufous Crab Hawk ______  (occurs coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean)  
    Buteogallus aequinoctialis  


  118. Black-collared Hawk  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr
    Busarellus nigricollis 
    (the single member of its genus)


  119. Gray-lined Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  VE  (conspecific with the "Gray Hawk" of mostly Central America)
    Buteo nitida pallida

  120. Roadside Hawk  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Buteo magnirostris 

  121. Short-tailed Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  mr
    Buteo b. brachyurus

  122. Zone-tailed Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______  (in Brazil occurs in the far-western & far-eastern Amazonian basin)  
    Buteo albonotatus

  123. White-tailed Hawk  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr
    Buteo a. albicaudatus

  124. Swainson's Hawk  (ph)  ______  (migrates through the western Amazonian basin)
    Buteo swainsoni

  125. Broad-winged Hawk  (*) ______  BR  AM:feb  (uncommon in western Amazonian Brazil in the austral summer)
    Buteo platypterus  


  126. Harpy Eagle  (nt) (ph) (aa) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  EC
    Harpia harpyja 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  127. Crested Eagle  (nt) ______
    Morphnus guianensis


  128. Ornate Hawk-Eagle  (nt) (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  EC
    Spizaetus o. ornatus

  129. Black Hawk-Eagle  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  EC
    Spizaetus t. tyrannus


  130. Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle  (*) ______ 
    Spizastur melanoleucus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  131. Sunbittern  (ph) (aa)  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  mr
    Eurypyga h. helias 
    (the single member of its genus & family)

    The beautiful pattern of the Sunbittern's wings is only shown when the bird is in flight. 


  132. Mangrove Rail  (ph) ______  (occurs coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean) 
    Rallus longirostris

    Until 2014, the Mangrove Rail was part of the now more-northerly Clapper Rail, now Rallus crepitans.


  133. Spotted Rail ______
    Pardirallus maculatus 


  134. Gray-necked Wood Rail  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM;feb  JA  mr  EC
    Aramides c. cajanea

  135. Red-winged Wood Rail  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Aramides calopterus


  136. Paint-billed Crake ______  (has been found rarely at various locations in Amazonian Brazil) 
    Neocrex erythrops


  137. Ash-throated Crake (*) ______  BR  mr
    Porzana a. albicollis

  138. Yellow-breasted Crake ______  (normally in far-eastern Amazonian Brazil)
    Porzana flaviventer

  139. Sora ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Porzana carolina 


  140. Ocellated Crake ______  BR  mr  (in southern Amazonian Brazil)
    Micropygia schomburgkii 


  141. Rufous-sided Crake (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  mr
    Laterallus melanophaius

  142. Gray-breasted Crake ______  BR  mr
    Laterallus exilis

  143. Black-banded Crake ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Laterallus (or Anurolimnas) fasciatus

  144. Russet-crowned Crake  (aa)  ______  BR  mr
    Laterallus (or Anurolimnas) viridis

  145. Black Rail  (nt) ______  (has occurred near Belem in Brazil)
    Laterallus jamaicensis


  146. Chestnut-headed Crake  ______  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Anurolimnas castaneiceps 


  147. Uniform Crake ______
    Amaurolimnas concolor

  148. Common Gallinule (ph) (*)______ BR  AF  VE
    Gallinula galeata 


  149. Purple Gallinule  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  EC  VE
    Porphyrula martinicus

  150. Azure Gallinule  (*) ______  EC
    Porphyrula flavirostris


  151. Sungrebe  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  (has been called "American Finfoot")
    Heliornis fulica


  152. Gray-winged Trumpeter  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  EC
    Psophia c. crepitans

  153. Dark-winged Trumpeter  (t2) (BRe) (*) ______ BR  AF  mr
    Psophia v. viridis 

  154. Pale-winged Trumpeter ______ (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Psophia leucoptera

  155. Limpkin  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  EC
    Aramus g. guarauna 
    (the single member of its genus & family)


  156. Double-striped Thick-knee  (ph) (aa) (*)  ______ (in far-northern Brazil)
    Burhinus bistriatus 


  157. Black-necked Stilt  (ph) (*)  ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Himantopus mexicanus

  158. Southern Lapwing  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Vanellus chilensis lampronotus


  159. Pied Plover  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr  EC  (has been called Pied Lapwing)
    cayanus  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  160. Grey Plover  (ph) (*)  ______  (has been called Black-bellied Plover in the Americas) (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean)
    Pluvialis squatarola cynosurae

  161. American Golden Plover  (ph) (*)  ______  (migrates through the Amazonian basin) 
    Pluvialis dominica 


  162. Collared Plover  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  EC
    Charadrius collaris


  163. Wattled Jacana  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Jacana j. jacana


  164. South American Snipe  (ph) (*) ______  (was considered conspecific with what's now the Wilson's Snipe, Gallinago delicata, of North America, which was formerly conspecific with the Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago, of the Old World) 
    Gallinago paraguaiae 


  165. Whimbrel  (ph) ______  (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean)
    Numenius phaeopus


  166. Short-billed Dowitcher  (ph) ______  (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean)
    Limnodromus griseus


  167. Greater Yellowlegs  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr  EC
    Tringa melanoleuca 

  168. Lesser Yellowlegs  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  mr  EC
    Tringa flavipes

  169. Solitary Sandpiper  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC
    Tringa s. solitaria

  170. Willet  (ph) ______  (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean)
    Tringa (formerly Catoptrophorus) semipalmatus


  171. Spotted Sandpiper  (ph)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  EC
    Actitis macularia


  172. Ruddy Turnstone  (ph) (*)  _____  (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean) 
    Arenaria interpres morinella


  173. Red Knot  (ph) (*)  ______  (In Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean) 
    Calidris canutus rufa

  174. Sanderling  (ph) (*)  ______  (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean) 
    Calidris alba rubida

  175. Least Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AM:feb,aug
    Calidris minutilla

  176. Pectoral Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  mr
    Calidris melanotos 

  177. Stilt Sandpiper  (ph) (*) ______  (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean) 
    (formerly Micropalama) himantopus (monotypic) 

  178. Semipalmated Sandpiper ______  (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean)
    Calidris pusilla


  179. Kelp Gull  (ph) (*)  ______  (called the Dominican Gull in Australia & Africa) 
    Larus d. dominicanus   

  180. Ring-billed Gull  (ph)  ______  (has occurred as a vagrant as far south as Amazonian Brazil)
    Larus delawarensis

  181. Laughing Gull  (ph)  ______  (occurs as a rarity in northern Brazil)  
    Leucophaeus (formerly Larus) atricilla

  182. Franklin's Gull  (ph)  ______  (has occurred as a vagrant in Amazonian Brazil) 
    Leucophaeus (formerly Larus) pipixcan


  183. Gull-billed Tern ______  (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean)
    Gelochelidon nilotica


  184. Common Tern  (*) ______  (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean)  
    Sterna h. hirundo

  185. Roseate Tern  (ph) ______  (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean)
    Sterna dougallii


  186. Large-billed Tern  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC
    Phaetusa simplex chloropoda 
    (the single member of its genus)


  187. Yellow-billed Tern  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  (has also been called Amazon Tern, but not restricted to that basin) 
    (formerly Sterna) superciliaris (monotypic) 

  188. Least Tern ______  (in northern Brazil, along the seacoast)
    Sternula (formerly Sterna) antillarum


  189. Royal Tern  (ph) (*)  ______  (in Brazil, coastally near where the Amazon meets the Atlantic Ocean)
    (formerly Sterna) m. maxima


  190. Black Skimmer  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC
    Rynchops nigra 


  191. Scaled Pigeon  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    (formerly Columba) speciosa (monotypic)

  192. Pale-vented Pigeon  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  VE
    (formerly Columba) cayennensis sylvestris

  193. Plumbeous Pigeon  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    (formerly Columba) p. plumbea

  194. Ruddy Pigeon  (t3) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  VE
    (formerly Columba) subvinacea bogotensis

  195. Band-tailed Pigeon  (ph)  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Patagioenas (formerly Columba) fasciata


  196. Common (or Feral) Pigeon (i) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  mr
    Columba livia


  197. Eared Dove  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  JA  VE
    Zenaida auriculata virgata


  198. Common Ground Dove  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  mr  VE
    Columbina passerina griseola

  199. Ruddy Ground Dove  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Columbina t. talpacoti


  200. Long-tailed Ground Dove  (*) ______ 
    Uropela campestris figginsi
    (until recently treated as monotypic) (the single member of its genus)


  201. Blue Ground Dove  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC
    Claravis preiosa


  202. White-tipped Dove  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  EC  VE  (has been called White-fronted Dove)
    Leptotila verreauxi decipiens

  203. Gray-fronted Dove  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Leptotila rufaxilla reichenbachii


  204. Ruddy Quail-Dove  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Geotrygon m. montana

  205. Sapphire Quail-Dove  (t3) (*)  ______  EC  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Geotrygon saphirina


  206. Blue-and-yellow Macaw  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Ara ararauna

  207. Scarlet Macaw  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  mr  EC
    Ara m. macao

  208. Red-and-green Macaw  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  VE
    Ara chloroptera 

  209. Chestnut-fronted Macaw  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC
    Ara severus castaneifrons 


  210. Red-bellied Macaw  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC
    Orthopsittaca manilata

    For birds such as the Red-bellied Macaw, Mauritia Palm Trees provide food and nesting sites. 


  211. Blue-winged Macaw  (t3) (*)  ______  BR  JA
    (formerly Propyrhura) maracana

  212. Blue-headed Macaw  ______  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Primolius (formerly Propyrrhura) couloni


  213. Hyacinth Macaw  (t2) (ph) (*) ______ 
    Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus 


  214. Golden Parakeet  (t2) ______  (locally in Amazonian Brazil)
    Guarouba guarouba 


  215. Brown-throated Parakeet (or Conure) (*)  ______  BR  AM:aug  VE
    (formerly Aratinga) pertinax paraensis

  216. Peach-fronted Parakeet (or Conure) (PH) (*)  ______  BR  mt  (in eastern Amazonian Brazil)
    (formerly Aratinga) aurea  (monotypic)


  217. White-eyed Parakeet (or Conure) (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC  VE
    (formerly Aratinga) l. leucophtalmus


  218. Dusky-headed Parakeet (or Conure) (*) ______  BR  mr  EC  (in southwestern Amazonian Brazil)  
    Aratinga weddellii 

  219. Sun Parakeet  (aa)  ______
    Aratinga solstitialis

  220. Jandaya Parakeet ______
    Aratinga jandaya

  221. Sulphur-breasted Parakeet ______  (locally in Amazonian Brazil)
    Aratinga pintoi


  222. Crimson-bellied Parakeet  (t3) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr
    Pyrrhura perlata 

  223. Painted Parakeet  (*) ______  VE  (north of the Amazon River)     
    Pyrrhura picta  

  224. Madeira Parakeet ______  (may not be a valid species) (in southern Amazonian Brazil)
    Pyrrhura snethlageae

  225. Deville's Parakeet ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Pyrrhura lucianii

  226. Maroon-tailed Parakeet  (*) ______  BR  EC  
    Pyrrhura melanura 

  227. Black-capped Parakeet  (nt)  ______  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Pyrrhura nupicola

  228. Pearly Parakeet  (t3) (BRe) ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Pyrrhura lepida

  229. Red-crowned Parakeet ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Pyrrhura roseifrons

  230. Santarem Parakeet (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  (has been called Hellmayr's Parakeet)
    Pyrrhura amazonum  


  231. Blue-winged Parrotlet  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil; was, at one time, considered conspecific with the Green-rumped Parrotlet
    Forpus xanthopterygius
    (formerly crassirostris) xanthopterygius  

  232. Dusky-billed (or Sclater's) Parrotlet  (*) ______ BR  AF  EC
    Forpus s. sclateri

  233. Green-rumped Parrotlet  (*)   ______  VE  (in eastern Amazonian Brazil)
    Forpus passerinus 


  234. Amazonian Parrotlet ______  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Nannopsittaca dachilleae

  235. Tepui Parrotlet ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Nannopsittaca panychlora


  236. Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet ______
    Touit purpuratus

  237. Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet  (t3)  ______  BR  mr  (in southeastern Amazonian Brazil)
    Touit huetii 


  238. Yellow-chevroned Parakeet  (*) ______  BR  JA  (in southern Amazonian Brazil; was conspecific with what's now the White-winged Parakeet; when combined, was called the Canary-winged Parakeet 
    Brotogeris chiriri

  239. Golden-winged Parakeet  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  mr
    Brotogeris chrysopterus 

  240. Tui Parakeet  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug
    Brotogeris sanctithomae

  241. Canary-winged Parakeet ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Brotogeris versicolurus

  242. Cobalt-winged Parakeet  (*)  ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Brotogeris cyanoptera


  243. Short-tailed Parrot  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Graydidascalus brachyurus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  244. White-bellied Parrot (or Caique)  (t3) (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF
    Pionites l. leucogaster

  245. Black-headed Parrot (or Caique)  (*)  ______  EC  VE  (north of the Amazon River)
    Pionites melanocephalus 


  246. Caica Parrot  (nt) (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    (was Pionopsitta) caica (monotypic)

  247. Vulturine Parrot  (t3) (BRe) (*) _____ BR  AF
    (was Pionopsitta) vulturina

  248. Orange-cheeked Parrot  (nt) (*)  ______  BR  mr  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Pyrilia (was Pionopsitta) barrabandi 


  249. Blue-headed Parrot  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Pionus m. menstruus 

  250. Dusky Parrot  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug
    Pionus fuscus

    The mostly grayish coloration of the Dusky Parrot is "odd", as generally parrots are green.


  251. Diademed Amazon (or Parrot (*) ______  BR  AM:feb,aug  (has been part of the Red-lored Amazon, or Parrot, Amazona autumnalis)
    Amazona diadema 

  252. Turquoise-fronted Amazon (or Parrot) (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  (has also been called Blue-fronted Amazon, or Parrot) (in southern Amazonian Brazil)
    Amazona aestiva 

  253. Yellow-crowned Amazon (or Parrot) (*) _____  BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  VE
    Amazona o. ochrocephala 
    (has been regarded as conspecific with Yellow-headed and Yellow-naped Amazons (or Parrots) of Central America) 

  254. Orange-winged Amazon (or Parrot) (*) ______  BR  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  VE
    Amazona  a. amazonica

  255. Mealy Amazon (or Parrot) (*) ______  BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  VE
    Amazona f. farinosa

  256. Festive Amazon (or Parrot) (t3)  ______  (in Amazonian Brazil, generally along the main rivers)
    Amazona festiva

  257. White-cheeked Amazon  (or Parrot) (nt) (BRe) ______  BR  mr  (in southern Amazonian Brazil) (has also been called Kawall's Amazon, or Parrot)
    Amazona kawalli

    The White-cheeked (or Kawall's) Parrot was described to science in 1989.


  258. Red-fan (or Hawk-headed) Parrot  (ph) (*) ______  BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  VE
    Deroptyus accipitrinus 


  259. Smooth-billed Ani  (phSE) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Crotophaga ani

  260. Greater Ani  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  EC
    Crotophaga major


  261. Dark-billed Cuckoo  (*) ______  BR  JA
    Coccyzus melacoryphus

  262. Mangrove Cuckoo  (ph) ______  (coastally in far-northern Brazil)
    Coccyzus minor

  263. Pearly-breasted Cuckoo ______
    Coccyzus euleri

  264. Yellow-billed Cuckoo ______  (seasonally, in the austral summer)
    Coccyzus americanus

  265. Black-billed Cuckoo ______  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil) (seasonally, in the austral summer) 
    Coccyzus erythropyhalmus 


  266. Ash-colored Cuckoo  (*) ______  BR  JA  (in southwestern Amazonian Brazil) (seasonally, in the austral winter)   
    Coccycua cinereus 

  267. Little Cuckoo  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  VE
    Coccycua m. minuta

  268. Dwarf Cuckoo ______  (has been recorded in Roriama, in far-northern Brazil) 
    Coccycua pumilus


  269. Squirrel Cuckoo  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Piaya cayana

  270. Black-bellied Cuckoo  (aa) (*) ______  BR  AF:oct  mr
    Piaya melanogaster


  271. Striped Cuckoo  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  VE
    Tapera naevia 
    (the single member of its genus)


  272. Pheasant Cuckoo  (*)  ______  BR  mr
    Dromococcyx phasianellus

  273. Pavonine Cuckoo  (aa)  ______
    Dromococcyx pavoninus

    The Pavonine Cuckoo is a bird easier to hear than see.


  274. Rufous-vented Ground Cuckoo ______
    Neomorphus geoffroyi

  275. Scaled Ground Cuckoo  (t3) (BRe) ______
    Neomorphus squamiger

  276. Red-billed Ground Cuckoo ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Neomorphus pucheranii

  277. Rufous-winged Ground Cuckoo ______ (in far-northern Brazil)
    Neomorphus rufipennis 


  278. Guira Cuckoo  (ph) (*)  ______  (in far-eastern Amazonian Brazil)  
    Guira guira
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  279. Hoatzin  (ph) (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  mr  EC
    Opisthocomus hoazin
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus & family)

    Hoatzins are strange and noisy birds, always in groups along waterways.


  280. American Barn Owl  (ph) (*) ______ 
    Tyto furcata

    The American Barn Owl has been part of the Barn Owl of Eurasia & Africa, Tyto alba. 


  281. Great Horned Owl  (ph) (*)  ______  (in far-eastern Amazonian Brazil) 
    Bubo virginianus nacurutu


  282. Spectacled Owl  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  mr  EC
    Pulsatrix p. perspicillata


  283. Mottled Owl  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb  JA  EC
    Strix virgata borelliana

  284. Black-banded Owl  (aa) (*)  ______  EC
    (formerly Ciccaba) huhula 


  285. Crested Owl  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  EC
    Lophostrix c. cristata


  286. Tropical Screech Owl  (ph) (*)  ______  VE
    (formerly Otus) choliba 

  287. Tawny-bellied Screech Owl  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC  (has been said by some to be 2 species: Northern Tawny-bellied Screech Owl, Megascops watsoni & Southern Tawny-bellied Screech Owl, Megascops usta
    (formerly Otus) watsonii   


  288. Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  AF  EC
    Glaucidium b. brasilianum

  289. Amazonian Pygmy-Owl  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr
    Glaucidium hardyi 

    The "false eyes" of the Amazonian Pygmy Owl confuse its enemies and its prey.  


  290. Burrowing Owl  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr
    Athene cunicuaria grallaria 


  291. Striped Owl  (ph) (*) ______  (in southern & eastern Amazonian Brazil)   
    (formerly Asio) clamator 


  292. Great Potoo  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  EC
    Nyctibius g. grandis

  293. Common Potoo  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  EC  (has also been called Gray Potoo)
    Nyctibius g. griseus

  294. Long-tailed Potoo  (ph) (*)  ______  EC
    Nyctibius aethereus

  295. White-winged Potoo ______  (localized in Brazil)
    Nyctibius leucopterus

  296. Rufous Potoo ______
    Nyctibius bracteatus


  297. Oilbird ______  (only occasionally in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Steatornis caripensis


  298. Short-tailed Nighthawk  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC  VE  (has also been called Semicollared Nighthawk)
    Lurocalis semitorquatus


  299. Nacunda Nighthawk  (*) ______  BR  mr
    Podager nacunda


  300. Lesser Nighthawk  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr  VE
    Chordeiles acutipennis

  301. Common Nighthawk  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb  JA
    Chordeiles minor
      (9 subspecies winter in Brazil)

  302. Least Nighthawk  (*) ______ 
    Chordeiles pusillus 

  303. Sand-colored Nighthawk  (*)  ______  EC
    Chordeiles rupestris


  304. Band-tailed Nighthawk  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb
    Nyctiprogne leucopyga   


  305. Pauraque  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC
    Nyctidromus albicollis 


  306. Ocellated Poorwill  (*) ______  BR  AF  JA 
    Nyctiphrynus o. ocellatus


  307. Rufous Nightjar  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  JA
    Caprimulgus rufus rutilus
    (Onomatopoetically called "Joao-corta-pau" in Portuguese)

  308. Silky-tailed Nightjar  (*)  ______ 
    Caprimulgus sericocaudatus

  309. Little Nightjar  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  JA 
    Caprimulgus parvulus

  310. Blackish Nightjar  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Caprimulgus nigrescens

    Blackish Nightjars are often camouflaged as they roost during the day on dark-colored rocky outcrops.

  311. Roraiman Nightjar ______  (occurs in far-northern Brazil)
    Caprimulgus whitelyi

  312. White-tailed Nightjar  (*)  ______  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Caprimulgus cayennensis

  313. Spot-tailed Nightjar  ______  BR  mr
    Caprimulgus maculicaudus


  314. Ladder-tailed Nightjar  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  mr  EC
    Hydropsalis climacocerca intercedens

    The Ladder-tailed Nightjar, with its rather long white tail, perches during the day on the branches of riverside vegetation.
  315. Scissor-tailed Nightjar  (ph) (*) ______ 
    Hydropsalis torquata
    (formerly brasiliana) furcifer 


  316. White-collared Swift  (*) ______  BR  AM:feb  JA  EC  VE  (in Brazil, occurs rarely in the Amazon basin, more common to the south)
    Streptoprocne zonaris


  317. Band-rumped Swift  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  VE
    Chaetura s. spinicaudus

  318. Gray-rumped Swift  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr  EC  VE
    Chaetura c. cinereiventris

  319. Pale-rumped Swift  (*) ______ BR  mr
    Chaetura egregia

  320. Mato Grosso Swift  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  (was considered conspecific with the more-northerly Chapman's Swift) (also called Amazonian Swift)
    Chaetura viridipennis 

  321. Chapman's Swift  ______  (in Brazil, north of the Amazon River)
    Chaetura chapmani

  322. Short-tailed Swift  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Chaetura brachyura 

  323. Chimney Swift  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb
    Chaetura pelagica


  324. Neotropical Palm Swift  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE  (has been called Fork-tailed Palm Swift)
    Tachornis s. squamata


  325. Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift  (*) ______ 
    Panyptila cayennensis


  326. Swallow-tailed Hummingbird  (ph) (*) ______  BR  mr
    Eupetomena macroura 


  327. Rufous-breasted Hermit  (*) ______  EC  VE  (has also been called Hairy Hermit)
    Glaucis hirsutus


  328. Paie-tailed Barbthroat ______  (includes the "Sooty Barbthroat", Threnetes leucurus niger)
    Threnetes leucurus 


  329. White-bearded Hermit  (aa) (*) ______ BR  EC
    Phaethornis hispidus 

  330. Great-billed Hermit  (*)  ______ BR  AF  EC  (was part of the Eastern Long-tailed Hermit of northern Brazil)
    Phaethornis malaris

  331. Cinnamon-throated Hermit  (*) ______ BR  JA
    Phaethornis nattereri

  332. Reddish Hermit  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  VE
    Phaethornis r. ruber

  333. Eastern Long-tailed Hermit  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb  mr  VE
    Phaethornis superciliosus

  334. Needle-billed Hermit  ______  BR  mr  (in southwestern Amazonian Brazil)
    Phaethornis philippii

  335. Straight-billed Hermit  (*)  ______  EC  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Phaethornis bourcieri

  336. Streak-throated Hermit ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Phaethornis rupurumii

  337. Gray-chinned Hermit  (*)  ______  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Phaethornis griseogularis

  338. Planalto Hermit  (*)  ______  BR  JA
    Phaethornis pretrei 

  339. Little Hermit ______  
    Phaethornis aethopyga  (This species, with this scientific name, is in the book "Birds of Brazil" by Tomas Sigrist (2006), with a restricted range in west-central Amazonian Brazil; however it is not in the book, "A Field Guide to the Birds of Brazil" by Ber van Perlo (2009). Formerly, what was called the "Little Hermit" had an extensive range in northern South America & Central America. The "Little Hermit" in South America has been: Phaethornis longuemareus.) 


  340. Blue-fronted Lancebill  ______  (in far-northwestern Brazil)
    Doryfera  johannae


  341. Gray-breasted Sabrewing  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA
    Campylopterus largipennis   

  342. Buff-breasted Sabrewing ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Campylopterus duidae

  343. Rufous-breasted Sabrewing ______  (locally in far-northern Brazil)
    Campylopterus hyperythrus 


  344. White-necked Jacobin  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Florisuga m. mellivora


  345. Sparkling Violetear ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Colibri coruscans


  346. Black-throated Mango  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  JA  VE
    Anthracothorax nigricollis

  347. Green-throated Mango  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Anthracothorax nigricollis


  348. Fiery-billed Awlbill ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Avocettula recurvirostris


  349. Crimson Topaz  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AM:aug  mr
    Topaza pella smaragdula

  350. Fiery Topaz ______  (in far-northwestern Brazil)
    Topaza pyra


  351. Ruby Topaz  (*)  ______ BR  AF  JA  (also called Ruby-topaz Hummingbird)
    Chrysolampis mosquitus
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 


  352. Dot-eared Coquette  (t3) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA
    Lophornis gouldii

  353. Festive Coquette  (*) ______ 
    Lophornis chalybea

  354. Tufted Coquette ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Lophornis ornatus

  355. Peacock Coquette ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Lophornis pavoninus     


  356. Racket-tailed Coquette ______
    Discosura longicaudus


  357. Black-bellied Thorntail  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr
    Popelairia langsdorffi


  358. Blue-tailed Emerald  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  EC  VE
    Chlorostilbon mellisugus subfurcatus


  359. Fork-tailed Woodnymph  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Thalurania furcata baeri  


  360. White-tailed Goldenthroat  (*) ______ 
    Polytmus guainumbi 

  361. Green-tailed Goldenthroat  ______
    Polytmus theresiae


  362. Rufous-throated Sapphire  (*) ______ BR  AF
    Hylochlaris sapphirina 

  363. White-chinned Sapphire  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Hylocharis cyanus conversa   


  364. Blue-chinned Sapphire  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb
    Chlorestes notata 


  365. Golden-tailed Sapphire ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Chrysuronia oenone


  366. White-tailed Goldenthroat  ______  BR  mr
    Polytmus guainumbi


  367. Olive-spotted Hummingbird  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  EC
    Leucippus chlorocercus


  368. Versicolored Emerald  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  JA
    Amazilia versicolor kubtchecki  

  369. Glittering-throated Emerald  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb
    Amazilia fimbriata tephrocephala

  370. Sapphire-spangled Emerald  (*) ______  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil) 
    Amazilia l. lactea

  371. White-chested Emerald  (*)  ______  VE
    Amazilia brevirostris

  372. Plain-bellied Emerald ______
    Amazilia leucogaster

  373. Green-bellied Hummingbird ______  (also called Copper-tailed Hummingbird) (in a limited range in far-northern Brazil)
    Amazilia (or Saucerottia) viridigaster

  374. Rondonia Emerald ______  (also called Blue-green Emerald)
    Amazilia rondoniae


  375. Gould's Jewelfront ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Heliodoxa aurescens

  376. Black-throated Brilliant ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Heliodoxa schreibersii

  377. Velvet-browed Brilliant ______  (in far-northwestern Brazil)
    Heliodoxa xanthogonys 

  378. Pink-throated Brilliant ______  (has possibly occurred in far-western Brazil; the species in not well known) (This species is not in "A Field Guide to the Birds of Brazil", (2009) by Ber van Perlo)   
    Heliodoxa gularis 


  379. Black-eared Fairy  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr
    Heliothryx aurita 


  380. Long-billed Starthroat  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr
    Heliomaster longirostris


  381. Amethyst Woodstar  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  VE
    Calliphlox amethystina


  382. Pavonine Quetzal  (aa) (*) ______ BR  JA  mr
    Pharomachrus pavonius

    In the same genus as the famous Resplendent Quetzal of Central America, the Pavonine Quetzal lives in the canopy of the Amazonian forest where it is a challenge to see. 


  383. Green-backed (formerly White-tailed) Trogon  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  VE
    Trogon v. viridis 

  384. Black-tailed Trogon  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC
    Trogon melanurus occidentalis

  385. Black-throated Trogon  (*) ______ BR  EC
    Trogon rufus chrysochloros

  386. Collared Trogon  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  JA  mr  VE
    Trogon c. collaris

  387. Blue-crowned Trogon  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  JA  mr
    Trogon c. curucui

  388. Violaceous Trogon  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Trogon violaceus crissalis

  389. Masked Trogon  (*)  ______  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Trogon personatus 


  390. Ringed Kingfisher  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Megaceryle t. torquata


  391. Green Kingfisher  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Chloroceryle americana mathewsii

  392. Amazon Kingfisher  (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Chloroceryle a. amazona
    (said by some to be monotypic)

  393. Green-and-rufous Kingfisher  (*)  ______ BR  AF  EC
    Chloroceryle inda

  394. American Pygmy Kingfisher  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  EC
    Chloroceryle a. aenea


  395. Blue-crowned Motmot  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Motmotus momota pilcomajensis


  396. Rufous Motmot ______  BR  mr  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Baryphthengus martii


  397. Broad-billed Motmot  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  mr
    Electron platyrhynchum chlorophrys


  398. Brown Jacamar  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Brachygalba lugubris melanosterna

  399. White-throated Jacamar ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Brachygalba albogularis


  400. Blue-cheeked Jacamar  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  mr
    Galbula cyanicollis

  401. Rufous-tailed Jacamar  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Galbula ruficauda 

  402. Bronzy Jacamar  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr
    Galbula leucogastra viridissima

  403. Paradise Jacamar  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  mr  VE
    Galbula dea amazonum

  404. Green-tailed Jacamar  (*) ______  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Galbula galbula 

  405. Yellow-billed Jacamar  (*) ______  EC  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Galbula albirostris

  406. Bluish-fronted Jacamar ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Galbula cyanescens

  407. White-chinned Jacamar  (*) ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Galbula tombacea

  408. Purplish Jacamar  (*) ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Galbula chalcoythorax 


  409. White-eared Jacamar  (*) ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis

  410. Purus Jacamar ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus


  411. Great Jacamar  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr  EC
    Jacamerops aureus ridgwayi 
    (the single member of its genus)


  412. Swallow-winged Puffbird  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE  (has also been called simply "Swallow-wing")
    Chelidoptera t. tenebrosa 
    (the single member of its genus)


  413. White-necked Puffbird  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Notharchus macrohynchos paraensis

  414. Pied Puffbird  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr
    Notharchus t. tectus

  415. Brown-banded Puffbird  ______  BR  mr  (in northern Brazil) 
    Notharchus ordii


  416. Striolated Puffbird  (*) ______ BR  AF
    Nystalus striolatus torridus

  417. White-eared Puffbird  (*) ______  BR  mr
    Nystalus c. chacuru

  418. Caatinga Puffbird  (*) ______  (was part of "Spot-backed Puffbird"; still so-called in the Berlo field guide)   
    Nystalus maculatus 


  419. Rufous-necked Puffbird  (*) ______ BR  AF
    Malacoptila rufa brunnescens

  420. White-chested Puffbird  (*) ______  EC  (in Brazil, north of the Amazon)
    Malacoptila fusca

  421. Semicollared Puffbird ______  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Malacoptila semicincta


  422. Chestnut-capped Puffbird ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Bucco macrodactylus

  423. Spotted Puffbird  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb 
    Bucco tamatia

  424. Collared Puffbird ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Bucco capensis


  425. Lanceolated Monklet  ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Micromonacha lanceolata


  426. Rusty-breasted Nunlet  (*) ______ BR  mr
    Nonnula rubecula simplex

  427. Rufous-capped Nunlet  (*) ______ BR  AF  (has also been called Gray-cheeked Nunlet; was considered conspecific with the Rusty-breasted Nunlet)
    Nonnula ruficpilla

  428. Fulvous-chinned Nunlet ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Nonnula sclateri

  429. Chestnut-headed Nunlet  (BRe) ______  (in Amazonian Brazil, west of Manaus)
    Nonnula amaurocephala 


  430. Black-fronted Nunbird  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Monasa n. nigifrons

  431. White-fronted Nunbird  (*) ______ BR   AF:oct  JA  mr  EC
    Monasa m. morpheus 

  432. Yellow-billed Nunbird ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Monasa flavirostris

  433. Black Nunbird  (aa) (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb  VE  (in Brazil, north of the Amazon)
    Monasa atra  


  434. Black-girdled Barbet  (t3) (BRe) (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Capito dayi

  435. Black-spotted Barbet  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug
    Capito niger 

  436. Scarlet-crowned Barbet ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Capito aurovirens

  437. Brown-chested Barbet  (BRe) ______  (locally in Amazonian Brazil)
    Capito brunneipectus

  438. Gilded Barbet  ______  BR  mr
    Capito auratus


  439. Lemon-throated Barbet  (*) ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Eubucco richardsoni

  440. Scarlet-hooded Barbet ______ (far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Eubucco tucinkae


  441. Toco Toucan  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  mr 
    Ramphastos toco albogularis

  442. White-throated Toucan  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE  (formerly Cuvier's Toucan)
    Ramphastos tucanus cuvieri

  443. Channel-billed Toucan  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE  (includes "Yellow-ridged Toucan")
    Ramphastos vitellinus ariel


  444. Green Aracari  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  VE
    Pteroglossus viridis

  445. Lettered Aracari  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  EC
    Pteroglossus inscriptus

  446. Chestnut-eared Aracari  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr
    Pteroglossus castanotis 

  447. Red-necked Aracari  (nt) (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Pteroglossus bitorquatus reichenowi

  448. Curl-crested Aracari  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr
    Pteroglossus beauharnaesii

  449. Black-necked Aracari  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  VE
    Pteroglossus a. aracari

  450. Many-banded Aracari  (*) ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Pteroglossus pluricinctus

  451. Ivory-billed Aracari  (*) ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Pteroglossus azara


  452. Guianan Toucanet ______ (in Brazil, north of the Amazon)
    Selenidera culik

  453. Golden-collared Toucanet  ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Selenidera reinwardtii

  454. Tawny-tufted Toucanet  ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil, north of the Amazon)
    Selenidera nattereri

  455. Gould's Toucanet  ______  BR  mr
    Selenidera gouldii 


  456. Emerald Toucanet  (ph)  ______ (in far-western Brazil)
    Aulacorhynchus prasinus

  457. Chestnut-tipped Toucanet ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Aulacorhynchus derbianus 


  458. Chestnut Woodpecker  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC
    Celeus elegans jumanus

  459. Cream-colored Woodpecker  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  EC
    Celeus flavus subflavus

  460. Blond-crested Woodpecker  (*) ______ 
    Celeus flavescens  

  461. Ringed Woodpecker  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Celeus torquatus tinnunculus

  462. Scale-breasted Woodpecker  (*) ______  BR  mr  EC
    Celeus grammicus

  463. Waved Woodpecker ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Celeus undatus

  464. Rufous-headed Woodpecker  ______  (in far-western Brazil, in the state of Acre)
    Celeus spectabilis


  465. Spot-breasted Woodpecker  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb   
    (formerly Colaptes) punctigula


  466. Yellow-throated Woodpecker  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr
    Piculus flavigula 

  467. Golden-green Woodpecker  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Piculus chrysochloros  

  468. White-throated Woodpecker ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Piculus leucolaemus

  469. Golden-olive Woodpecker  (ph)  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Piculus rubiginosus 


  470. Lineated Woodpecker  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Dryocopus l. lineatus  


  471. Yellow-tufted Woodpecker  (ph) (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Melanerpes cruentatus 

  472. White Woodpecker  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  JA 
    Melanerpes candidus


  473. Little Woodpecker  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  EC
    Veniliornis passerinus tapajozensis 

  474. Red-stained Woodpecker  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr
    Veniliornis affinis ruficeps

  475. Golden-collared Woodpecker  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  VE
    Veniliornis cassini

  476. Red-rumped Woodpecker ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Veniliornis kirkii


  477. Crimson-crested Woodpecker  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  VE
    Campephilus m. melanoleucos

  478. Red-necked Woodpecker  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  VE
    Campephilus rubricollis olallae


  479. Bar-breasted Piculet (qe) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  JA  mr
    Picumnus a. aurifrons

  480. White-barred Piculet  (*) ______ 
    Picumnus c. cirratus

  481. White-bellied Piculet ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Picumnus spilogaster

  482. Orinoco Piculet ______ (in far-northern Brazil)
    Picumnus pumilus

  483. Lafresnaye's Piculet  (*)  ______  EC  (locally in Amazonian Brazil)
    Picumnus lefresnayi

  484. Golden-spangled Piculet  (*)  ______  VE
    Picumnus exilis

  485. Guianan Piculet  (nt)  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Picumnus minutissimus

  486. Plain-breasted Piculet ______(in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Picumnus castelnau

  487. Varzea Piculet  (t2)  ______  (locally in Amazonian Brazil, near the river)
    Picumnus varzeae

  488. Rufous-breasted Piculet ______ (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Picumnus rufiventris

  489. Fine-barred Piculet  ______  (in far western Amazonian Brazil)
    Picumnus subtilis


  490. White-bearded Manakin  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  mr
    Manacus manacus gutturosus


  491. Red-headed Manakin (qe) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  JA  mr
    Pipra rubrocapilla 

  492. Band-tailed Manakin  (*) ______ BR  mr
    Pipra fascilcauda scarlatina

  493. White-crowned Manakin  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb  EC
    Pipra (or Dixiphia) pipra

  494. Crimson-hooded Manakin ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Pipra aureola

  495. Round-tailed Manakin ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Pipra chloromeros

  496. Scarlet-horned Manakin ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Pipra cornuta

  497. Golden-headed Manakin  (*) ______  EC  (in northern Brazil)
    Pipra erythrocephala

  498. Wire-tailed Manakin  (ph) (*) ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Pipra filicauda 


  499. Snow-capped Manakin (qe) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr
    (formerly Pipra) nattereri  (monotypic)

  500. Blue-crowned Manakin  (aa) (*)  ______  EC
    Lepidothrix coronata

  501. Opal-crowned Manakin  (t3)  ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Lepidothrix iris

  502. White-fronted Manakin ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Lepidothrix serena

  503. Tepui Manakin ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Lepidothrix suavissima

  504. Golden-crowned Manakin  (t3) (BRe) ______  (locally in northern Brazil)
    Lepidothrix (formerly Pipra) vilasboasi


  505. Olive Manakin ______
    Chloropipo uniformis


  506. Black Manakin ______
    Xenopipo atronitens
      (the single member of its genus) 


  507. Flame-crested Manakin  (*) ______ BR  JA
    Heterocercus linteatus 

  508. Yellow-crested Manakin ______
    hetero cercus flavivertex


  509. Blue-backed Manakin  (*)  ______  EC  (in northern Brazil)
    Chiroxiphia pareola


  510. White-throated Manakin  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Corapipo gutturalis


  511. Fiery-capped Manakin  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Machaeropterus p. pyrocephalus

  512. Western Striped Manakin  (*) ______  EC  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Machaeropterus striolatus


  513. Black-tailed Tityra  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Tityra cayana braziliensis

  514. Masked Tityra  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Tityra semifasciata fortis

  515. Black-crowned Tityra  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  EC  VE
    Tityra i. inquisitor 


  516. Cinereous Mourner ______  
    Laniocera hypopyrra

    (this genus moved from the manakin to the cotinga family)

  517. Varzea Schiffornis  (*)  ______  EC  (formerly called Greater Schiffornis, or Mourner)
    Schiffornis major

  518. Thrush-like Schiffornis  (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  mr  (formerly called Thrush-like Mourner, or Manakin)
    Schiffornis turdinus intermedia 


  519. White-browed Purpletuft  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC
    Lodopleura isabellae paraensis

  520. Dusky Purpletuft  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Lodopleura fusca  


  521. White-winged Becard  (*)  ______  BR  JA  EC  VE 
    Pachyramphus polychopterus 

  522. Black-capped Becard  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  mr  VE
    Pachyramphus m. marginatus

  523. Cinereous Becard  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug 
    Pachyramphus rufus

    The Cinereous Becard lives in open areas at the edge of the Amazon forest. 

  524. Chestnut-crowned Becard  (*) ______ BR  AF
    Pachyramphus c. castaneus

  525. Crested Becard  (*) ______ 
    Pachyramphus v. validus

  526. Glossy-backed Becard ______  (locally in northern Brazil)
    Pachyramphus surinamus

  527. Pink-throated Becard  (*)  ______  EC
    Pachyramphus minor


  528. Red-banded Fruiteater ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Pipreola whitelyi


  529. Purple-throated Cotinga (nt) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  EC
    Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  530. Spangled Cotinga  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  EC
    Cotinga cayana 

  531. Purple-breasted Cotinga ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Cotinga cotinga

  532. Plum-throated Cotinga  (*)  ______  EC
    Cotinga maynana  


  533. Pompadour Cotinga  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr
    Xipholena punicea

  534. White-tailed Cotinga  (BRe) ______
    Xipholena lamellipennis


  535. Black-necked Red Cotinga  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr
    Phoenicircus nigricollis

  536. Guianan Red Cotinga  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Phoenicircus carnifex 


  537. Screaming Piha  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Lipaugus vociferans

    The loud call of the Screaming Piha is one of the characteristic sounds of the Amazonian Forest. 

  538. Rose-collared Piha ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Lipaugus streptophonus


  539. Black-faced Cotinga ______  (Has only been found once in Brazil; a specimen was collected in the state of Acre in far-western part of the country in 1994. The species normally occurs in Peru & Bolivia.)
    Conioptilon mcilhennyi 


  540. White Bellbird  (*)  ______  VE  (locally in northern Brazil)
    Procnias albus

  541. Bearded Bellbird  (*)  ______  VE  (in far-northern Brazil; also in northeast Brazil away from the Amazon region)
    Procnias averano     


  542. Purple-throated Fruitcrow  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  EC  VE
    Querula purpurata 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

    The male Purple-throated Fruitcrow shakes its wings and its tail as it sings.


  543. Bare-necked Fruitcrow  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Gymnoderus foetidus


  544. Crimson Fruitcrow   ______  BR  mr  (in northern Brazil)
    Haematoderus militaris  (the single member of its genus) 


  545. Amazonian Umbrellabird  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  EC
    Cephalopterus ornatus


  546. Capuchinbird  (aa) (*)  ______  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Perissocephalus tricolor 
    (the single member of its genus)

    The Capuchinbird is an oddity, in both how it looks and how it sounds. Weird are both the bird's song and call. its song can be described as being like the mooing of a cow. Its call can be said to be "frightening". 


  547. Guianan Cock-of-the-Rock  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  VE
    Rupicola rupicola


  548. Wing-barred Piprites  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC  (at one time called Wing-barred Manakin, but not a manakin) 
    Piprites chloris grisescens 


  549. Pale-bellied Neopelma ______  (has been called Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin
    Neopelma pallescens  

  550. Saffron-crested Neopelma ______  (has been called Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin) (in far-northern Brazil)
    Neopelma chrysocephalum

  551. Sulphur-bellied Neopelma ______  (has been called Sulphur-bellied Tyrant-Manakin) (in far-western Brazil)
    Neopelma sulphureiventer  


  552. Dwarf Tyranneutes  (aa) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  mr  (has been called called Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin)
    Tyranneutes stolzmanni

    The song of the Dwarf Tyranneutes is one of the most repetitive of Amazonian bird sounds.

  553. Tiny Tyranneutes ______  (has been called Tiny Tyrant-Manakin)
    Tyranneutes virescens


  554. Ochre-bellied Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  EC
    Mionectes o. oleagineus

  555. McConnell's Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  VE
    Mionectes m. macconnelli


  556. Sepia-capped Flycatcher  (ph) (*) ______  BR  mr
    Leptopogon amaurocephalus


  557. White-bellied Tody-Tyrant  (*) ______ BR  JA  (was part of White-eyed Tody-Tyrant)
    Hemitriccus g. griseipectus

  558. Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr
    Hemitriccus s. striaticollis

  559. Snethlage's Tody-Tyrant  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr
    Hemitriccus m. minor
    (3 subspecies in different parts of Amazonian Brazil)

  560. Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant ______  BR  mr  (locally in northern Brazil)
    Hemitriccus minimus

  561. White-eyed Tody-Tyrant ______
    Hemitriccus zosterops

  562. Boat-billed Tody-Tyrant ______
    Hemitriccus josephinae

  563. Johanne's Tody-Tyrant ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Hemitriccus johannis 

  564. Flammulated Pygmy Tyrant ______
    Hemitriccus flammulatus

  565. Pelzeln's Tody-Tyrant ______  (in northwestern Brazil)
    Hemitriccus inornatus 

  566. Buff-cheeked Tody-Tyrant  ______  BR  mr
    Hemitriccus senex


  567. Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR
    (formerly Todirostrum) latirostre ochropterus

  568. Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher  (ph) (aa) ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Poecilotriccus (formerly Todirostrum) sylvia

  569. Smoky-fronted Tody-Flycatcher ______ (in north & northeast Brazil)
    Poecilotriccus (formerly Todirostrum) fumifrons

  570. Ruddy Tody-Flycatcher ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Poecilotriccus (formerly Todirostrum) russatus

  571. Black-and-white Tody-Tyrant  ______
    Poecilotriccus capitalis

  572. Buff-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher ______
    Poecilotriccus senex

  573. White-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher  ______  (first found in Brazil recently in western Amazonia)
    Poecilotriccus albifacies  


  574. Spotted Tody-Flycatcher  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  JA  mr
    Todirostrum maculatum annectens

    The small Spotted Tody-Flycatcher is one of the most vocal of riverside birds. 

  575. Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr  EC
    Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum simile

  576. Common Tody-Flycatcher  (*) ______  EC
    Todirostrum cinereum coloreum 

  577. Painted Tody-Flycatcher ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Todirostrum pictum 


  578. Ringed Antpipit  (aa) (*)  ______  BR  mr  EC  
    Corythopis torquatus


  579. Slender-footed Tyrannulet  (*) ______ BR  AF  EC
    Zimmerius gracilipes


  580. White-lored Tyrannulet  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  mr
    Ornithion inerme 


  581. Southern Beardless Tyrannulet  (*) ______  BR  AM:feb  mr  EC  VE
    Camptostoma obsoletum  


  582. Mouse-colored Tyrannulet  (*) ______ 
    Phaeomylas m. murina


  583. Yellow Tyrannulet  (*) ______ 
    Capsiempis flaveola 
    (the single member of its genus)


  584. Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  mr  EC
    Tyrannulus elatus 

    The small fruits that Yellow-crowned Tyrannulets feed to their young are regurgitated to them.


  585. Amazonian Scrub Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr  (has been considered part of Southern Scrub Flycatcher)
    Sublegatus obscurior

  586. Southern Scrub Flycatcher  (*) ______ 
    Sublegatus modestus 


  587. Forest Elaenia  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr
    Myiopagis gaimardii 

  588. Gray Elaenia  (*) ______  BR  mr
    Myiopagis caniceps 

  589. Greenish Elaenia  (*) ______ 
    Myiopagis v. viridicata

  590. Yellow-crowned Elaenia  (*)  ______  EC  (in northern Brazil)
    Myiopagis flavivertex


  591. Yellow-bellied Elaenia  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  mr  EC  VE
    Elaenia f. flavogaster

  592. Large Elaenia  (*) ______ BR
    Elaenia spectabilis

  593. Small-billed Elaenia  (*) ______ VE
    Elaenia parvirostris 

  594. White-crested Elaenia  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Elaenia a. albiceps

  595. Plain-crested Elaenia  (*) ______  BR  mr  VE
    Elaenia c. cristata

  596. Lesser Elaenia  (*) ______ 
    Elaenia chiriquensis albivertex

  597. Sierran Elaenia ______ (in far-northern Brazil)
    Elaenia pallatangae

  598. Brownish Elaenia ______  (in Amazonian Brazil, near the river)
    Elaenia pelzelni

  599. Rufous-crowned Elaenia ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Elaenia ruficeps

  600. Slaty Elaenia ______
    Elaenia strepera 


  601. White-crested Tyrannulet  (*) ______ BR
    Serpophaga s. subcristata

  602. River Tyrannulet  (*)  ______  EC  (in northern Brazil)
    Serpophaga hypoleuca


  603. Pale-tipped Inezia ______  (has been called Pale-tipped Tyrannulet) (In far-northern Brazil near the seacoast)
    Inezia caudata


  604. Sharp-tailed (Grass) Tyrant  ______  BR  mr
    Culicivora caudacuta


  605. Little Ground Tyrant  ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Muscisaxicola fluviatilis


  606. Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant  (*)  ______  EC
    Stigmatura napensis  


  607. Sooty-headed Tyrannulet ______
    Phylloscartes griseiceps

  608. Olive-green Tyrannulet ______
    Phylloscartes virescens

  609. Black-fronted Tyrannulet ______ (in far-northern Brazil)
    Phylloscartes nigrifrons

  610. Chapman's Bristle Tyrant  (*)  ______  VE   (in far-northern Brazil)
    Phylloscartes chapmani  


  611. Short-tailed Pygmy Tyrant  (aa) (*) ______ BR  JA  mr
    Myiornis e. ecaudatus

    The Short-tailed Pygmy Tyrant is only 6 centimeters in length, making it certainly one of the smallest passerines in the world, if not the smallest.  


  612. Tawny-crowned Pygmy Tyrant  (*) ______  
    Euscarthmus m. meloryphus

  613. Rufous-sided Pygmy Tyrant  (t3) ______
    Euscarthmus rufomarginatus 


  614. Helmeted Pygmy Tyrant  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct
    Lophotriccus galeatus 

  615. Double-banded Pygmy Tyrant  (*)  ______  EC  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Lophotriccus vitiosus

  616. Long-crested Pygmy Tyrant ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Lophotriccus eulophotes

  617. Pale-eyed Pygmy Tyrant ______
    Lophotriccus (or Atalotriccus) pilaris


  618. Yellow-olive Flatbill  (*) ______  BR  JA  (has been called Yellow-olive Flycatcher)
    Tolmomyias sulphurescens

  619. Zimmer's Flatbill  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr  (formerly part of Yellow-margined Flycatcher)
    Tolmomyias a. assimilis 

    Formerly Tolmomyias assimilis was an expanded Yellow-margined Flycatcher. Later, the more-northerly Yellow-margined Flatbill, or Flycatcher of Central America became Tolmomyias flavotectus.

  620. Gray-crowned Flatbill  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  mr  EC  (has been called Gray-crowned Flycatcher)
    Tolmomyias poliocephalus sclateri

  621. Ochre-lored Flatbill  (*) ______  (also called Yellow-breasted Flatbill)  
    Tolmomyias flaviventris


  622. Olivaceous Flatbill  (*) _______ BR  AF  mr  VE
    Rhynchocyclus olivaceus 


  623. Bamboo Flatbill  (*) ______   (has been called Large-headed Flatbill)
    Ramphotrigon megacephala

  624. Rufous-tailed Flatbill  ______  BR  mr
    Ramphotrigon ruficauda


  625. White-crested Spadebill  ______  BR  mr  
    Platyrinchus platyrhynchos 

  626. Golden-crowned Spadebill   ______   BR  mr 
    Platyrinchus coronatus 

  627. Cinnamon-crested Spadebill ______ 
    Platyrinchus saturatus


  628. Amazonian Royal Flycatcher  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Onychorhynchus coronatus


  629. Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher  ______  BR  mr
    Terenotriccus erythrurus


  630. Bran-colored Flycatcher  (*) ______  BR  JA
    Myiophobus fasiatus 


  631. Whiskered Myiobius  (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  mr  EC   
    Myiobius barbatus  

    The Whiskered Myiobius has been called the Whiskered Flycatcher. It was conspecific with the Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, now Myiobius of southeastern Brazil and the Sulphur-rumped Flyctcher, now Myiobius in Central America and west of the Andes in South America.  

  632. Black-tailed Myiobius  ______  BR  mr(possibly)
    Myiobius atricaudus  


  633. Fuscous Flycatcher  (*) ______ 
    Cnemotriccus fuscatus 
    (the single member of its genus)


  634. Euler's Flycatcher  (*) ______  BR  mr  EC
    Lathrotriccus euleri


  635. Tropical Pewee  (ph) (*)  ______ 
    Contopus cinereus  

  636. Eastern Wood Pewee  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb  JA  EC
    Contopus virens

  637. Olive-sided Flycatcher  (nt)  ______  BR  AM:feb
    Contopus cooperi


  638. Vermilion Flycatcher  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  JA  mr  VE
    Pyrocephalus r. rubinus 
    (was the single member of its genus before the splitting of the Darwin's Flycatcher of the Galapagos)


  639. Drab Water Tyrant  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr  EC
    Ochthornis littoralis 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  640. Gray Monjita  (*) ______ 
    Xolmis cinerea

  641. White-rumped Monjita  (*) ______ 
    Xolmis velatus


  642. Black-backed Water Tyrant  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  (was considered conspecific with the more-northerly Pied Water Tyrant)
    Fluvicola albiventer


  643. White-headed Marsh Tyrant  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  mr  VE
    Arundinicola leucocephala 


  644. Yellow-browed Tyrant  (*) ______ 
    Satrapa icterophrys 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  645. Long-tailed Tyrant  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  EC
    Colonia c. colonus 
    (the single member of its genus)


  646. Grayish Mourner  (*) ______  BR  mr
    Rhytipterna s. simplex

  647. Pale-bellied Mourner  ______  BR  mr
    Rhytipterna immunda


  648. Rufous-tailed Attila  (BRqe) (*) ______ 
    Attila phoenicurus 

  649. Bright-rumped Attila  (ph) (aa) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC
    Attila s. spadiceus

  650. White-eyed Attila  (*) ______  BR  (was called Dull-capped Attila)
    Attila b. bolivianus

  651. Cinnamon Attila  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  mr  EC
    Attila cinnamomeus 

  652. Citron-bellied Attila  (*)  ______  VE  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Attila citriniventris


  653. Rufous Casiornis  (*)  ______  BR  JA 
    Casiornis rufus 

  654. Ash-throated Casiornis  ______
    Casiornis fuscus


  655. Eastern Sirystes  (*) ______  EC
    Sirystes sibilator


  656. Dusky-capped Flycatcher  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AM:aug  JA  EC  VE
    Myiarchus t. tuberculifer

  657. Short-crested Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC
    Myiarchus ferox australis

  658. Brown-crested Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Myiarchus tyrannulus bahiae

  659. Swainson's Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr  EC
    Myiarchus swainsoni pelzelni 
    (other subspecies in Brazil in migration)


  660. White-throated Kingbird  (*) ______  BR  JA  mr  EC
    Tyrannus albogularis 

  661. Tropical Kingbird  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE    
    Tyrannus m. melancholicus

  662. Fork-tailed Flycatcher  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Tyrannus s. savana


  663. Variegated Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Empidonomus v. varius 
    (the single member of its genus)


  664. Crowned Slaty Flycatcher  (*) ______  BR  mr
    Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus  (the single member of its genus)


  665. Sulphury Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  mr  EC
    Tyrannopsis sulphurea 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  666. Boat-billed Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Megarhynchus p. pitangua 
    (the single member of its genus)


  667. Three-striped Flycatcher  (*) ______ 
    Conopias t. trivirgatus

  668. Yellow-throated Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  mr  (has been considered conspecific with the White-ringed Flycatcher of west of the Andes)  
    Conopias parva


  669. Streaked Flycatcher  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Mylodynastes maculatus solitarius


  670. Rusty-margined Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  JA  VE
    Myiozetetes c. cayanensis

  671. Social Flycatcher  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  VE  (has also been called Vermilion-crowned Flycatcher)
    Myiozetetes similis pallidiventris

  672. Dusky-chested Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr
    Myiozetetes l. luteiventris


  673. Piratic Flycatcher  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Legatus l. leucophalus 
    (the single member of its genus)


  674. Lesser Kiskadee  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Philohydor (formerly Pitangus l. lictor  (the single member of its genus) 


  675. Great Kiskadee  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Pitangus sulphuratus maximiliani 
    (the single member of its genus)


  676. Fasciated Antshrike  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr  EC
    Cymbilaimus l. lineatus

  677. Bamboo Antshrike  ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae  


  678. Great Antshrike  (ph) (*)  ______  EC
    Taraba m. major 
    (the single member of its genus)


  679. Undulated Antshrike  (*)  ______  EC
    Frederickena unduligera

  680. Black-throated Antshrike ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Frederickena viridis 


  681. Glossy Antshrike  (BRe) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  mr
    Sakesphorus luctuosus araguayae

  682. Black-crested Antshrike ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Sakesphorus canadensis

  683. Band-tailed Antshrike ______  (in far-north Brazil)
    Sakesphorus melanothorax


  684. Rufous-winged Antshrike  (*) ______ 
    Thamnophilus torquatus 

  685. Barred Antshrike  (phMT) (*) ______  BR  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC
    Thamnophilus doliatus  

  686. Chestnut-backed Antshrike  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  (was part of the Lined Antshrike
    Thamnophilus p. palliatus

  687. Amazonian Antshrike  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr
    Thamnophilus amazonicus obscurus

  688. White-shouldered Antshrike  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr
    Thamnophilus aethiops
    (2 subspecies in central Brazil)

  689. Plain-winged Antshrike  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr  EC  (has also been called Black-capped Antshrike)
    Thamnophilus schistaceus inornatus

  690. Blackish-gray Antshrike  (nt) (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Thamnophilus nigrocinereus

  691. Mouse-colored Antshrike  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  mr  VE
    Thamnophilus murinus cayennensis

  692. Natterer's Slaty Antshrike  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA
    Thamnophilus s. stictocephalus

  693. Streak-backed Antshrike ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Thamnophilus insignis

  694. Castelnau's Antshrike  (nt) (*)  ______  EC  (in Amazonian Brazil, near the river)
    Thamnophilus cryptoleucus

  695. Northern Slaty Antshrike ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Thamnophilus punctatus

  696. Uniform Antshrike ______
    Thamnophilus unicolor

  697. Acre Antshrike ______
    Thamnophilus divisorius


  698. Spot-winged Antshrike  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr  EC
    Pygiptila s. stellaris 
    (the single member of its genus)


  699. Rondonia Bushbird  (t1) (BRe) ______  (locally in southern Amazonian Brazil)
    Clytoctantes atrogularis


  700. Pearly Antshrike  (*)  ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Megastictus margaritatus


  701. Black Bushbird ______
    Neoctantes niger 


  702. Cinereous Antshrike  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  mr  EC
    Thamnomanes caesius  

  703. Saturnine Antshrike  (*) ______  BR  AF  mr
    Thamnomanes s. saturninus

  704. Dusky-throated Antshrike  (*)  ______  EC  (in Brazil, north of the Amazon)
    Thamnomanes ardesiacus

  705. Bluish-slate Antshrike ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Thamnomanes schistogynus 


  706. Pygmy Antwren  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  mr  EC
    Myrmotherula brachyura 

  707. Sclater's Antwren  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr
    Myrmotherula sclateri 

  708. Amazonian Streaked Antwren  (*) ______ BR  AF  EC
    Myrmotherula multostriata

  709. Plain-throated Antwren  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr  EC
    Myrmotherula hauxwelli clarior

  710. White-flanked Antwren  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  mr  EC
    Myrmotherula a. axillaris

  711. Gray Antwren  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC
    Mymotherula menetriesii berlepschi

  712. Long-winged Antwren  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr
    Mymotherula longipennis ochrogyna

  713. Leaden Antwren  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Mymotherula a. assimilis

  714. Moustached Antwren ______  (locally, in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Mymotherula ignota

  715. Guianan Streaked Antwren  (t3)  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Mymotherula surinamensis

  716. Cherrie's Antwren ______ 
    Mymotherula cherriei

  717. Klage's Antwren  (nt) ______ (in far-northern Brazil)
    Mymotherula klagesi

  718. Yellow-throated Antwren ______  (in southwestern Amazonian Brazil)
    Mymotherula ambigua

  719. Slaty Antwren ______   BR  mr
    Mymotherula (or now Epinecrophylla) ornata

  720. Brown-bellied Antwren  (nt)  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Mymotherula gutturalis

  721. White-eyed Antwren ______   BR  mr
    Mymotherula (or now Epinecrophylla) leucophthalma

  722. Stipple-throated Antwren  (*)  ______  BR  mr  VE
    Mymotherula (or now Epinecrophylla) haematonota

  723. Rufous-tailed Antwren ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Mymotherula erythrura

  724. Rufous-bellied Antwren  (*) ______  EC  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Mymotherula guttata

  725. Rio Suno Antwren  (*) ______  EC  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Mymotherula sunensis

  726. Ihering's Antwren  ______  BR  mr  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Mymotherula iheringi

  727. Plain-winged Antwren ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Mymotherula behni  


  728. Banded Antbird  (aa) (*)  ______  EC
    Dichrozona cincta 
    (the single member of its genus)

    The Banded Antbird walks about on the forest floor in a very strange way, some what like a tortoise, with its head lowered and stretching its neck. 


  729. Stripe-backed Antbird ______
    Myrmorchilus strigilatus 
    (the single member of its genus)  


  730. Southern White-fringed Antwren  (*) ______ BR  mr
    Formicivora grisea deluzae

  731. Rusty-backed Antwren  ______  BR  mr
    Formicivora rufa


  732. Rufous-winged Antwren  (*) ______ BR  JA
    Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus

  733. Spot-backed Antwren  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Herpsilochmus dorsimaculatus 

  734. Spot-tailed Antwren ______ (in far-northern Brazil)
    Herpsilochumus atricapillus

  735. Roraiman Antwren ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Herpsilochumus roraimae

  736. Pectoral Antwren  (t3) (BRe) ______  (in northeast Brazil)
    Herpsilochumus pectoralis

  737. Todd's Antwren ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Herpsilochumus stictocephalus


  738. Dot-winged Antwren  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr
    Micorhopias quixensis emiliae 
    (the single member of its genus)


  739. Sriated Antbird  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA
    Drymophila devillei subochracea


  740. Ash-winged Antwren  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Terenura s. spodioptila

  741. Orange-bellied Antwren  (t2) (BRe) ______  (in northeast Brazil)
    Terenura sicki

  742. Chestnut-shouldered Antbird  ______  BR  mr(probable)  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Terenura humeralis


  743. Gray Antbird  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr  EC
    Cercomacra cinerascens iterata

  744. Blackish Antbird  (aa) (*) ______ BR  JA  mr  EC
    Cercomacra nigrescens 
    (2 subspecies in central Brazil)

  745. Manu Antbird  (BRe)  (*) ______ BR  AF
    Cercomacra manu 
    (monotypic, described as recently as 1990)

  746. Willis's Antbird  ______
    Cercomacra laeta

  747. Dusky Antbird  ______
    Cercomacra tyrannica

  748. Black Antbird  ______  BR  mr  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Cercomacra serva

  749. Rio Branco Antbird  (t1) ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Cercomacra carbonaria

  750. Bananal Antbird  (BRe) ______
    Cercomacra ferdinandi 


  751. White-backed Fire-eye  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA
    Pyriglena leuconota maura


  752. White-browed Antbird  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct
    Myrmoborus leucophrys griseigula

  753. Ash-breasted Antbird  (t3) (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Myrmoborus lugubris 
    (4 subspecies in Brazil)

  754. Black-faced Antbird  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr  EC
    Myrmoborus myiotherinus sororius

  755. Black-tailed Antbird  (t3)  ______  (in far-western Brazil; a rarely seen species not well known)
    Mymoborus melanurus


  756. Guianan Warbling Antbird  (nt)  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  VE  
    Hypocnemis cantator  

    The Guianan Warbling Antbird is in northeastern Brazil, north of the Amazon River, and east of the lower Negro River and the Branco River; also in the Guianas and in eastern Venezuela. 

  757. Imeri Warbling Antbird  (*)  ______  BR  VE
    Hypocnemis flavscens

    The Imeri Warbling Antbird is in northwestern Brazil, west of the Branco River; also in southern Venezuela and southeastern Colombia.

  758. Yellow-breasted Warbling Antbird  ______  BR
    Hypocnemis subflava

    The Yellow-breasted Warbling Antbird is in western Brazil, in Acre; also in southeastern Peru & northern Bolivia.  

  759. Rondonia Warbling Antbird  (BRe) (*)  ______  BR  JA  mr
    Hypocnemis ochrogyna 

    The Rondonia Warbling Antbird is in Brazil in Mato Grosso and Rondonia.  

  760. Peruvian Warbling Antbird  (*)  ______  BR  mr  EC  
    Hypocnemis peruviana

    The Peruvian Warbling Antbird is in western Brazil; also in southeastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, and northern Bolivia. 

  761. Spix's Warbling Antbird  (BEe) (*)  ______  BR  AF:oct  mr  (on the east bank of the Roosevelt River)
    Hypocnemis striata 

    The Spix's Warbling Antbird is in the southeastern Amazonian region in Brazil.  

    Presently two subspecies of the Spix's Warbling Antbird are:
    Hypocnemis striata implicata & Hypocnemis striata affinis
    The westernmost population may be an undescribed subspecies.   


  762. Band-tailed Antbird  (*) ______ BR
    Hypocnemoides m. maculicauda

  763. Black-chinned Antbird  ______  BR  mr  (in northern Brazil)
    Hypocnemoides melanopogon


  764. Black-and-white Antbird  (*) ______  EC
    Myrmochanes hemileucus 


  765. Silvered Antbird  (*)  ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC
    Sclateria naevia toddi 
    (the single member of its genus)


  766. Black-headed Antbird ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Percnostola rufifrons

  767. White-lined Antbird  (nt)  ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Percnostola lophotes

  768. Rufous-faced Antbird  ______  BR  mr
    Percnostola rufifacies


  769. Spot-winged Antbird  (*) ______ BR  AF
    Schistocichla leucostigma
    (2 subspecies in central Brazil) 

  770. Slate-colored Antbird  ______  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Schistocichla schistacea

  771. Caura Antbird ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Schistocichia caurensis  


  772. Black-throated Antbird  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr  EC
    Myrmeciza atrothorax melanura

  773. Yapacana Antbird ______
    Myrmeciza disjuncta

  774. White-bellied Antbird ______
    Mymeciza longipes

  775. Ferruginous-backed Antbird  (aa)  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Mymeciza ferrugnea

  776. Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird  (aa)  ______  BR  mr
    Mymeciza hemimelaena

  777. Plumbeous Antbird  (*)  ______  EC
    Mymeciza hyperythra

  778. Goeldi's Antbird ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Mymeciza goeldii

  779. White-shouldered Antbird  (*)  ______  EC
    Mymeciza melanoceps

  780. Sooty Antbird  (*)  ______  EC
    Mymeciza fortis

  781. Gray-bellied Antbird ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Mymeciza pelzelni


  782. Wing-banded Antbird  (nt)  ______  
    Myrmornis torquata 
    (the single member of its genus)


  783. White-plumed Antbird  (aa) (*)  ______  EC   (in northern Brazil)
    Pithys albifrons

    The White-plumed Antbird is immensely impressive, with a perfect combination of colors and a marvelous crest. 


  784. Lunulated Antbird ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil, north of the river)
    Gymnopithys leucaspis

  785. Rufous-throated Antbird ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Gymnopithys rufigula

  786. White-throated Antbird  ______  BR  mr  (in western Amazonian Brazil, south of the Amazon River, west of the Madeira River)
    Gymnopithys salvini 


  787. Bare-eyed Antbird  (t3) (BRe) (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF
    Rhegmatorhina gymnops

    The Bare-eyed Antbird follows ant swarms in order to capture the various creatures fleeing from the ants.

  788. Harlequin Antbird ______  (locally in northern Brazil)
    Rhegmatorhina berlepschi

  789. White-breasted Antbird  (nt) (aa)  ______  BR  mr
    Rhegmatorhina hoffmannsi

    The White-breasted Antbird, with a white throat as well, follows ant swarms.

  790. Hairy-crested Antbird ______
    Rhegmatorhina melanosticta

  791. Chestnut-crested Antbird ______
    Rhegmatorhina cristata


  792. Scale-backed Antbird  (*)  ______ BR  mr  EC
    Hylophylax (now Willisornis) poecilinota griseiventris 

  793. Xingu Antbird  (BRe)  (*)  ______  BR  AF  
    Willisornis vidua

    Until 2011, the Xingu Antbird was a subspecies of the Scale-backed Antbird.
    There are two subspecies of the Xingu Antbird: the nominate and Willisornis vidua nigrigula. 

  794. Spot-backed Antbird  (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  EC
    Hylophylax naevia nigrigula

  795. Dot-backed Antbird  (aa) (*)  ______  BR  mr  EC
    Hylophylax punctulatus


  796. Black-spotted Bare-eye  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC
    Phlegopsis n. nigromaculata

  797. Reddish-winged Bare-eye ______
    Phlegopsis erythroptera


  798. Pale-faced Bare-eye  (BRe) (aa) ______  BR  mr
    Skutchia borbae

    In a genus named after Alexander Skutch, the Pale-faced Bare-eye, Skutchia borbae, follows ant swarms.


  799. Black-bellied Gnateater  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  mr
    Conopophaga melanogaster 

    The Black-bellied Gnateater is the largest of the gnateaters in Brazil.  

  800. Hooded Gnateater ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Conopophaga roberti

  801. Chestnut-belted Gnateater  ______  BR  mr
    Conopophaga aurita

  802. Ash-throated Gnateater ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Conopophaga peruviana


  803. Rusty-belted Tapaculo  (aa) (*)  ______  BR  mr  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Liosceles thoracicus

    The Rusty-belted Tapaculo is a delight to hear when its sings during the late afternoon. if often sings as it walks along dead branches.


  804. Rufous-capped Antthrush  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug
    Formicarius colma amazonicus 

  805. Rufous-fronted Antthrush  (nt) ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Formicarius rufifrons

  806. Black-faced Antthrush  (*) ______  EC
    Formicarius analis


  807. Striated Antthrush  (*) ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil) (has also been called Noble Antthrush)
    Chamaeza nobilis  


  808. Thrush-like Antpitta  (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  mr
    Myrmothera  campanisona subcanescens

  809. Tepui Antpitta ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Myrmothera simplex


  810. Variegated Antpitta  (ph at a nest) (*)  ______ BR  AF  mr
    Grallaria varia intercedens  

  811. Scaled Antpitta  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Grallaria guatimalensis

  812. Elusive Antpitta ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Grallaria eludens

  813. Ochre-striped Antpitta  (*)  ______  EC  (a possible rare occurrence in far-western Amazonian Brazil; like the previous species, Grallaria eludens, its habits and behavior are hardly known)
    Grallaria dignissima 


  814. Spotted Antpitta  (aa) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct
    Hylopezus macularius paraensis

    The Spotted Antpitta is often unspotted (that is not seen), as it can hide, almost invisibly, on the forest floor.    

  815. Amazonian Antpitta ______
    Hylopezus berlepschi 


  816. Pale-legged Hornero  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Furnarius leucopus assimilis

  817. Band-tailed Hornero  (BRe) (*) ______  (has been called Wing-banded Hornero)
    Furnarius f. figulus  

  818. Pale-billed Hornero ______  (in far-western Amazonian Brazil)
    Furnarius torridus

  819. Lesser Hornero  (*) ______  EC  (in Amazonian Brazil, near the river)
    Furnarius minor


  820. Pale-breasted Spinetail  (*)  ______  VE
    Synallaxis albescens

  821. Ruddy Spinetail  (aa) (*) ______ BR  JA
    Synallaxis rutilans tertia

    The Ruddy Spinetail can also be said to be copper-colored.

  822. Chestnut-throated Spinetail (nt) (*) ______ BR  AF
    Synallaxis c. cherriei

  823. Dark-breasted Spinetail  (*)  ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Synallaxis albigularis

  824. White-bellied Spinetail  (*)  ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Synallaxis propinqua

  825. McConnell's Spinetail ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Synallaxis macconnelli

  826. Hoary-throated Spinetail  (t2) ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Synallaxis kollari

  827. Cabanis's Spinetail ______  (locally in Brazil, in extreme northern Mato Grosso)
    Synallaxis cabanisi

  828. Plain-crowned Spinetail ______
    Synallaxis gujanensis

  829. Cinereous-breasted Spinetail  ______  BR  mr
    Synallaxis hypospodia   


  830. Yellow-chinned Spinetail  (*) ______  VE
    Certhiaxis cinnamomea russeolus 

  831. Red-and-white Spinetail  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb  (in Amazonian Brazil, near the river)
    Certhiaxis mustelinus  


  832. Rusty-backed Spinetail  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug 
    Cranioleuca v. vulpina

  833. Parker's Spinetail ______  (in Amazonian Brazil, near the river)
    Cranioleuca vulpecula

  834. Stripe-crowned Spinetail ______  (in far-southern Brazil)
    Cranioleuca pyrrhophia

  835. Tepui Spinetail ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Cranioleuca demissa

  836. Speckled Spinetail ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Cranioleuca gutturata

  837. Scaled Spinetail  (e) ______  (in eastern Amazonian Brazil)
    Cranioleuca muelleri 


  838. Plain Softtail ______ (locally in Amazonian Brazil)
    Thripophaga fusciceps 


  839. Orange-fronted Plushcrown  (*) ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Metopothrix aurantiaca


  840. Roraiman Barbtail ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Roraimia adusta


  841. Peruvian Recurvebill  (nt)  ______  (locally in southern Amazonian Brazil)
    Simoxenops ucayalae


  842. Chestnut-winged Hookbill  ______  BR  mr  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Ancistrops strigilatus


  843. Striped Woodhaunter  ______  BR  mr  (in southern Amazonian Brazil, south of the river)
    Hyloctistes subulatus


  844. Point-tailed Palmcreeper  (aa) (*) ______ BR  JA  EC
    Berlepschia rikeri 

    The Point-tailed Palmcreeper is a true specialist, favoring Mauritia Palms. 


  845. Dusky-cheeked Foliage-gleaner ______  (locally in southern Amazonian Brazil)
    Anabazenops dorsalis


  846. Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  EC
    Philydor r. ruficaudatum  

  847. Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  mr
    Philydor erythrocercum lyra

  848. Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner  (*) ______ BR
    Philydor e. erythropterus

  849. Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner ______  BR  mr  (in northern Brazil)
    Philydor pyrrhodes  


  850. Para Foliage-gleaner (or Automolus) (*) ______  BR  AF  mr  (was part of Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner, Automolus infuscatus)
    Automolus paraensis  

  851. Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner (or Automolus) (*) ______ BR  AF  EC
    Automolus r. rufipileatus

  852. Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner (or Automolus) (*) ______  BR  JA
    Automolus ochrolaemus auricularis

  853. Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner (or Automolus) ______
    Automolus infuscatus

  854. Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaner (or Automolus) ______  (in southwestern Amazonian Brazil)
    Automolus melanopezus

  855. White-throated Foliage-gleaner (or Automolus) ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Automolus roraimae

  856. Ruddy Foliage-gleaner (or Automolus) ______  
    Automolus rubiginosus


  857. Plain Xenops  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  VE
    Xenops minutus     

  858. Streaked Xenops  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA
    Xenops rutilans purusianus 

  859. Rufous-tailed Xenops  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr
    Xenops milleri (monotypic)

  860. Slender-billed Xenops  ______  BR  mr
    Xenops tenuirostris


  861. Tawny-throated Leaftosser ______  BR  mr
    Sclerurus mexicanus

  862. Short-billed Leaftosser  ______  BR  mr
    Scierurus rufigularis

  863. Black-tailed Leaftossser  (*)  ______  BR  mr  EC
    Scierurus caudacutus 

  864. Gray-throated Leaftosser ______
    Scierurus albigularis


  865. Red-billed Scythebill  (ph) (*)  ______  EC
    Campylorhamphus trochilirostris 

  866. Curve-billed Scythebill  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  mr
    Campylorhamphus procurvoides multostriatus


  867. Plain-brown Woodcreeper  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA
    Dendrocincla fulginosa rufoolivacea

  868. White-chinned Woodcreeper  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr
    Dendrocincla merula  


  869. Long-tailed Woodcreeper  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb
    Denconychura longicauda zimmeri

  870. Spot-throated Woodcreeper  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr
    Denconychura s. stictolaema


  871. Olivaceous Woodcreeper  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  VE
    Sittasomus griseicapillus transitivus  


  872. Wedge-billed Woodcreeper  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Glyphorhyncus spirurus inornatus


  873. Long-billed Woodcreeper  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr  EC
    Nascia longirostris 

    The Long-billed Woodcreeper is a big bird, the largest of its tribe in Brazil, and with a bill that's not just long, but spectacular. It has a mournful song that can be heard from afar., especially in forests along rivers, at the end of the day.


  874. Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper  (*) ______ BR  AF  EC
    Dendrexetastes rufigula paraensis


  875. Red-billed Woodcreeper ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Hylexetastes perrotii

  876. Bar-billed Woodcreeper ______ (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Hylexetastes stresemanni

  877. Uniform Woodcreeper  ______  BR  mr
    Hylexetastes uniformis 


  878. Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper  (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr
    Dendrocolaptes certhia concolor 
    (the former "Concolor Woodcreeper")

  879. Black-banded Woodcreeper  (*) ______ BR  EC
    Dendrocolaptes picumnus

  880. Hoffmann's Woodcreeper  (BRe)  ______  BR  mr
    Dendrocolaptes hoffmannsi


  881. Strong-billed Woodcreeper  (*)  ______  VE
    Xiphocolaptes promeropyrhynchus


  882. Buff-throated Woodcreeper (including Lafresnaye's Woodcreeper, or Dusky-billed Woodcreeper (BRe) ) (*) ______  BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Xiphorhynchus guttaus eytoni    

  883. Straight-billed Woodcreeper  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  mr  EC
    Xiphorhynchus picus rufescedns  

  884. Zimmer's Woodcreeper  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Xiphorhynchus necopinus 

  885. Elegant Woodcreeper  (formerly part of what was an expanded Spix's Woodcreeper Xiphorhyncus spixii) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr
    Xiphorhynchus e. elegans

  886. Spix's Woodcreeper ______
    Xiphorhynchus spixii 

  887. Ocellated Woodcreeper  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb  JA  EC   (in Amazonian Brazil)
    Xiphorhynchus ocellatus

  888. Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper ______  (in Brazil, north of the Amazon)
    Xiphorhynchus pardalotus 

  889. Striped Woodcreeper  (*)  ______  BR  mr  EC  VE
    Xiphorhynchus obsoletus 


  890. Lineated Woodcreeper  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr
    Lepidocolaptes albolineatus 
    (2 subspecies in central Brazil )

  891. Narrow-billed Woodcreeper  (ph) (*)  ______ 
    Lepidocolaptes angustirostris   

  892. Streak-headed Woodcreeper ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Lepidocolaptes souleyetii


  893. Rufous-browed Peppershrike  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  mr
    Cyclarhis gujanensis ochrocephala


  894. Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  mr
    Vireolanius l. leucotis

    The Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo sings in the canopy of the Amazonian Forest. 


  895. Red-eyed Vireo (*) ______ BR  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Vireo olivaceus (or chivi) diversus 
    ("Chivi Vireo"

  896. Yellow-green Vireo  (*) ______  EC  (in northern Brazil)
    Vireo flavoviridis

  897. Black-whiskered Vireo ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Vireo altiloquus


  898. Lemon-chested Greenlet  (*) ______ 
    Hylophilus t. thoracicus

  899. Gray-chested Greenlet  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr
    Hylophilus s. semicinereus

  900. Buff-cheeked Greenlet  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb  JA  mr  VE
    Hylophilus muscicapinus griseifrons

    Sometimes the Buff-cheeked Greenlet seems to defy the law of gravity by perching upside down on a vertical stick.  
  901. Ashy-headed Greenlet  (*) ______ BR
    Hylophilus pectoralis 

  902. Dusky-capped Greenlet  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct
    Hylophilus hypoxanthus 
    (3 subspecies in Brazil)

  903. Brown-headed Greenlet  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb  (closely related to the Dusky-capped Greenlet, this species occurs in the blackwater drainage of the Rio Negro)
    Hylophilus brunneiceps 

  904. Tepui Greenlet  (*)  ______  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Hylophilus sclateri

  905. Tawny-crowned Greenlet  (*)  ______  BR  mr  EC
    Hylophilus ochraceiceps


  906. Plush-crested Jay  (*) ______  BR  JA
    Cyanocorax c. chrysops

  907. Violaceous Jay  (aa) (*)  ______  EC  VE  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Cyanocorax violaceus

    Violaceous Jays can be just as noisy as others of its kind. 

  908. Azure-naped Jay ______  (in far-northwestern Brazil; a preferred habitat is scattered forest & edge with sandy soil; the species is not well-known)  
    Cyanocorax heilprini

  909. Cayenne Jay  (*)  ______  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Cyanocorax cayanus


  910. White-winged Swallow  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Tachycineta albiventer 

  911. White-rumped Swallow  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Tachycineta leucorrhoa


  912. Brown-chested Martin  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC
    (formerly Phaeoprogne) t. tapera  (north BR)

  913. Purple Martin  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug
    Progne s. subis

  914. Gray-breasted Martin  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Progne chalybea macrorhamphus


  915. White-banded Swallow  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:oct  JA  mr  EC
    Atticora fasciata


  916. White-thighed Swallow  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb
    Neochelidon tibialis 
    (the single member of its genus)


  917. Black-collared Swallow  (aa)  ______  BR  mr
    Alopochelidon melanoleuca

    Early in the morning, Black-collared Swallows get together on rocks in the rivers of Amazonia.  


  918. Southern Rough-winged Swallow  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  VE
    Stelgidopteryx r. ruficollis


  919. Bank Swallow  (*) ______  EC  (also called Sand Martin, particularly in the Old World)
    Riparia r. riparia


  920. Barn Swallow  (phMT) (*)  ______ BR  AM:aug  JA  EC
    Hirundo rustica erythrogaster


  921. American Cliff Swallow  (*) ______  BR  JA
    (formerly Hirundo) pyrrhonota minima


  922. Thrush-like Wren  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC
    Campylorhynchus t. turdinus 


  923. Tooth-billed Wren  (*) ______ BR  AF  mr
    Odontorchillus cinereus 


  924. Moustached Wren  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Thryothorus genibarbis intercedens   

  925. Buff-breasted Wren  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  VE
    Thryothorus leucotis peruanus  

  926. Coraya Wren  (aa) (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb  EC
    Thryothorus coraya

    As do many wrens, the Coraya Wren has a beautiful song.

  927. Gray Wren ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Thryothorus griseus


  928. "Southern" House Wren  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  (usually merged with the House Wren of North America) 
    Troglodytes aedon musculus

  929. Tepui Wren ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Troglodytes rufulus


  930. White-breasted Wood Wren ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Henicorhina leucosticta


  931. Wing-banded Wren  (aa)  ______  (in Brazil, north of the Amazon)
    Microcerculus bambia

  932. Flutist Wren  (*)  ______  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Microcerculus ustulatus 


  933. Musician Wren  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  mr
    Cyphorhinus arada interpositus

    There's a legend that all of the birds of the forest fall silent when the Muscian Wren sings. That may or may not be true, but one can be at a loss for words when hearing this bird's song for the first time - and even afterwards!    


  934. Scaly-breasted Wren  (aa) (*)  ______ BR  JA  mr  EC   (has been called Southern Nightingale-Wren)
    Microcerculus m. marginatus

    On its large feet, the Scaly-breasted Wren walks about the Amazonian forest, singing.


  935. Black-capped Donacobius  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  EC  (was called "Black-capped Mockingthrush"
    Donacobius a. atricapillus


  936. Guianan Gnatcatcher  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  mr
    Polioptila guianensis facilis

  937. Tropical Gnatcatcher  (*)  ______  EC  VE
    Polioptila plumbea

  938. Para Gnatcatcher  ______
    Polioptila paraensis

  939. Rio Negro Gnatcatcher  ______
    Polioptila facilis


  940. Long-billed Gnatwren  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Ramphocaenus melanurus austerus 
    (the single member of its genus)


  941. Collared Gnatwren ______
    Microbates collaris


  942. Chalk-browed Mockingbird  (*) ______ BR  JA
    Mimus saturninus modulator

  943. Tropical Mockingbird  (ph) (*)  ______  VE
    Mimus gilvus  


  944. White-necked Thrush  (*) ______  BR  JA  mr  VE  (closely related to, was considered conspecific with the White-throated Thrush of Central America and the newly-split Dagua Thrush of northern South America)  
    Turdus albicollis phaeopygus 
    (in Mato Grosso, Brazil)  ("Gray-flanked Thrush")

  945. Pale-breasted Thrush  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug
    Turdus l. leucomelas

  946. Lawrence's Thrush  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb
    Turdus lawrencii 

    The Lawrence's Thrush has been said to imitate the songs of about 30 species of birds, including the Musician Wren!

  947. Cocoa Thrush  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  JA
    Turdus f. fumigatus

  948. Spectacled Thrush ______  (was called Bare-eyed Thrush)  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Turdus nudigenis

  949. Black-hooded Thrush ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Turdus olivater

  950. Black-billed Thrush  (*)  ______  EC  VE
    Turdus subalaris

  951. Hauxwell's Thrush  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb  mr  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Turdus hauxwelli

  952. Creamy-bellied Thrush  ______  BR  JA  mr
    Turdus amaaurochalinus


  953. Veery  (*) ______ BR
    Catharus f. fuscescens

  954. Swainson's Thrush ______
    Catharus ustulatus

  955. Gray-cheeked Thrush ______
    Catharus minimus


  956. Pale-eyed Thrush ______
    Platycichia leucops


  957. House Sparrow (i) (*) ______   BR  AM:feb  JA  mr
    Passer domesticus


  958. Common Waxbill  (i) (ph) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug
    Estrilda astrild


  959. Yellowish Pipit  (*)  ______  BR  JA 
    Anthus l. lutescens


  960. Purple-throated Euphonia  (*) ______  BR  JA  mr  VE
    Euphonia chlorotica 

  961. Violaceous Euphonia  (*) ______ BR  AF  VE
    Euphonia violacea 

  962. Thick-billed Euphonia  (*) ______  BR  AM:feb  EC
    Euphonia lanirostris

  963. White-lored Euphonia  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr  EC   (has also been called Golden-bellied Euphonia)
    Euphonia chrysopasta 

  964. Plumbeous Euphonia  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Euphonia plumbea

  965. Golden-sided Euphonia  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Euphonia cayennensis 

  966. Orange-bellied Euphonia  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  EC
    Euphonia xanthogaster

  967. Rufous-bellied Euphonia  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  EC
    Euphonia rufiventris

  968. White-vented Euphonia ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Euphonia minuta

  969. Finsch's Euphonia ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Euphonia finschi


  970. Yellow Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______  VE
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) petechia

  971. Blackburnian Warbler  (ph)  ______
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) fusca

  972. Blackpoll Warbler  (ph)  ______
    Setophaga (formerly Dendroica) striata 

  973. American Redstart  (ph) (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb(1 female)
    Setophaga ruticilla


  974. Connecticut Warbler ______
    Oporornis agilis 
    (now the single member of its genus)


  975. Masked Yellowthroat  (*) ______   BR  JA  mr
    Geothlypis aequinoctialis  


  976. Riverbank Warbler  (*) ______   (was called River Warbler, but there is another species in Eurasia with that name, an Old World Warbler)
    (formerly Basileuterus) rivularis

  977. Buff-rumped Warbler ______  BR  mr  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Phaeothypis (formerly Basileuterus) fulvicauda  


  978. Canada Warbler  (ph)  ______
    Wilsonia canadensis


  979. Brown-capped Whitestart ______  (has been called Brown-capped Redstart) (in far-northern Brazil)
    Myioborus castaneocapillus


  980. Rose-breasted Chat  (*) ______  BR  AF  mr
    Granatellus pelzelni paraensis 
    (was in the warblers, now family uncertain)


  981. "Eastern or Amazonian" Yellow-rumped Cacique  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE  (conspecific with the "Western" Yellow-rumped Cacique of northern South America & Central America) 
    Cacicus c. cela

  982. Red-rumped Cacique  (*) ______  BR  AM:feb  JA  VE
    Cacicus haemorrhous  

  983. Solitary Cacique  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  EC  (has also been called Solitary Black Cacique)
    Cacicus solitarius 


  984. Shiny Cowbird  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  EC  (has also been called Glossy Cowbird
    Molothrus b. bonariensis

  985. Giant Cowbird  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC
    Molothrus o. oryzivora


  986. Crested Oropendola  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  EC
    Psarocolius decumanus maculosus

  987. Para Oropendola  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:aug  JA  mr  (has been part of the more-westerly Olive Oropendola, & now said to include the more-northeasterly "Amazonian Oropendola")
    Psarocolius bifasciatus neivae

  988. Green Oropendola  (aa) (*)   ______  BR  mr  VE  (in northern Brazil)
    Psarocolius viridis

  989. Russet-backed Oropendola  (*)  ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Psarocolius angustifrons

  990. Olive Oropendola  (*)  ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Psarocolius yuracares


  991. Band-tailed Oropendola ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Ocyalus latirostris


  992. Casqued Oropendola ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Clypicturus oseryi


  993. Carib Grackle  (ph) (*)  ______  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Quiscalus lugubris


  994. Velvet-fronted Grackle  (*)  ______  BR  AM:feb  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Lampropsar tanagrinus  (the single member of its genus)


  995. Golden-tufted Mountain Grackle ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Macroagelaius imthurni


  996. Unicolored Blackbird  (phMT) (*) ______ 
    Agelaius c. cyanopus 


  997. Yellow-hooded Blackbird  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  VE
    Chrysomus icterocephalus

  998. Chestnut-capped Blackbird  (*) ______  (in far-eastern Amazonian Brazil) 
    (formerly Agelaius) ruficapillus


  999. Moriche Oriole  (*) ______  BR  AM:aug  VE  (now said to be conspecific with the more-southerly Epaulet Oriole)  
    Icterus c. chrysocephalus

  1000. Epaulet Oriole  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  (now said to be conspecific with the Moriche Oriole of northern South America)
    Icterus cayanensis periporphyrus  

  1001. Venezuelan Troupial  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  VE  (formerly part of a wide-ranging "Troupial", now considered as 3 species)
    Icterus icterus

  1002. Yellow Oriole ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Icterus nigrogularis 


  1003. Oriole Blackbird  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  EC
    Gymnomystax mexicanus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  1004. Red-breasted Blackbird  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC
    Sturnella militaris 

  1005. Eastern Meadowlark  (ph) (aa) (*)  ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Sturnella magna 


  1006. Bobolink  (phMT) (*)  ______  
    Dolichonyx oryzivorus 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)  


  1007. Bananaquit  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Coereba flaveola alleni  


  1008. Black-striped Sparrow ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Arremonops conirostris


  1009. Pectoral Sparrow  (aa) (*) ______  BR  mr
    Arremon taciturnus semitorquatus 

    The quiet song of the Pectoral Sparrow is easy to miss. One must keep very quiet and listen carefully to hear it in the forest. 


  1010. Grassland Sparrow  (*)  ______  BR  JA  mr 
    (formerly Ammodramus) humeralis 

  1011. Yellow-browed Sparrow  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC
    (formerly Ammodramus) aurifrons

    The sound made by the Yellow-browed Sparrow is similar to that of an insect.  


  1012. Rufous-collared Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______ (in far-eastern Amazonian Brazil)
    Zonotrichia capensis  


  1013. Red-capped Cardinal  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC
    Paroaria g. gularis

    The Red-capped Cardinal can be common along river banks, where groups of them fly close to the water.

  1014. Crimson-fronted Cardinal  (BRe) ______
    Paroaria baeri


  1015. Blue-gray Tanager  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr  EC  VE
    Thraupis episcopus coelestis

  1016. Sayaca Tanager  (*)  ______  BR  AF  JA
    Thraupis sayaca

  1017. Palm Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Thraupis p. palmarum


  1018. Blue-backed Tanager ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Cyanicterus cyanicterus  (the single member of its genus)


  1019. Silver-beaked Tanager  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Ramphocelus carbo 

  1020. Masked Crimson Tanager  (*)  ______  EC
    Ramphocelus nigrogularis


  1021. Opal-rumped Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  mr
    Tangara v. velia

  1022. Paradise Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Tangara c. chilensis

  1023. Green-and-gold Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr  EC
    Tangara s. schrankii

  1024. Spotted Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  VE
    Tangara p. punctata

  1025. Blue-necked Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA
    Tangara cyanicollis melanogaster

  1026. Masked Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Tangara nigrocincta

  1027. Turquoise Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Tangara mexicana boliviana

  1028. Bay-headed Tanager (ph)  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA
    Tangara gyrola albertinae 

  1029. Burnished-buff Tanager  (*) ______  VE
    Tangara cayana 

  1030. Opal-crowned Tanager  (*)  ______  EC  (in far-western Brazil)
    Tangara callophrys

  1031. Black-headed Tanager ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Tangara cyanoptera

  1032. Yellow-billed Tanager  (*) ______  EC  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Tangara xanthogastra

  1033. Speckled Tanager  (ph) ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Tangara guttata

  1034. Spotted Tanager ______  (in northern Brazil)
    Tangara punctata

  1035. Dotted Tanager ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Tangara varia 


  1036. Yellow-backed Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug  JA  mr  EC
    Hemithraupis flavicollis centralis 


  1037. Summer Tanager ______
    Piranga rubra

  1038. Scarlet Tanager  (*) ______  EC  (in far-western Brazil)
    Piranga olivacea

  1039. White-winged Tanager ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Piranga leucoptera


  1040. Red-crowned Ant-Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF
    Habia rubica hesterna 

  1041. White-winged Shrike-Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  mr
    Lanio versicolor parvus

  1042. Fulvous Shrike-Tanager  (*)  ______  EC  VE  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Lanio fulvus


  1043. Olive-backed Tanager ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Mitrospingus oleagineus  (the single member of its genus)


  1044. White-lined Tanager  (*) ______  BR  JA  EC  VE
    Tachyphonus rufus

  1045. Flame-crested Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC
    Tachyphonus cristatus madeirae 

  1046. White-shouldered Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Tachyphonus l. luctuosus

  1047. Red-shouldered Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  VE
    Tachyphonus phoenicius 

  1048. Fulvous-crested Tanager  (*)  ______  BR  mr  VE  (in northern Brazil)
    Tachyphonus surinamus

  1049. Yellow-crested Tanager ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Tachyphonus rufiventer


  1050. Gray-headed Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF  EC
    Eucometis penicillata albicollis 
    (the single member of its genus)


  1051. Guira Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:aug
    Hemithraupis guira amazonica


  1052. Orange-headed Tanager  (*) ______ 
    Thlypopsis s. sordida


  1053. Hooded Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Nemosia pileata caerula 


  1054. Black-faced Tanager  (*)  ______  BR  mr 
    Schistochlamys melanopis olivina


  1055. White-rumped Tanager  ______  BR  mr
    Cypsnagra hirubdinacea 


  1056. Magpie Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  EC
    Cissopis leveriana 
    (the single member of its genus)


  1057. Red-billed Pied Tanager  (*) ______ BR  AF
    Lamprospiza melanoleuca 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  1058. Black-and-white Tanager ______  (in far-western Brazil)
    Conothraupis speculigera 


  1059. Blue Dacnis  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Dacnis c. cayana 

  1060. Black-faced Dacnis  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  JA  mr  EC
    Dacnis l. lineata

  1061. Yellow-bellied Dacnis  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC
    Dacnis flaviventer 

    The beautiful Yellow-bellied Dacnis can be seen in riverside forests. Often males and females are seen together. 

  1062. White-bellied Dacnis ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Dacnis albiventris


  1063. Swallow-Tanager  (ph) (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC
    Tersina v. viridis 
    (the single member of its genus)


  1064. Red-legged Honeycreeper  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  JA  mr  VE
    Cyanerpes cyaneus violaceus

  1065. Purple Honeycreeper  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr  EC
    Cyanerpes caeruleus microrhynchus

  1066. Short-billed Honeycreeper  ______  BR  mr
    Cyanerpes nitidus


  1067. Green Honeycreeper  (ph) (*)  ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Chlorophanes spiza axillaris


  1068. Bicolored Conebill  (*) ______ 
    Conirostrum b. bicolor

  1069. Pearly-breasted Conebill  (*) ______ BR
    Conirostrum margaritae 

  1070. Chestnut-vented Conebill  (*) ______ 
    Conirostrum s. speciosum


  1071. Scaled Flowerpiercer ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Diglossa duidae 


  1072. Blue-black Grassquit  (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr
    Volatinia j. jacarina 
    (the single member of its genus)


  1073. Plumbeous Seedeater  (*) ______  VE  (in far-eastern Amazonian Brazil)
    Sporophila p. plumbea

  1074. Lined Seedeater  (*) ______ VE
    Sporophila lineola 

  1075. Yellow-bellied Seedeater  (*)  ______  BR  mr 
    Sporophila nigricollis

  1076. Double-collared Seedeater  (*) ______ BR  AF  JA  mr
    Sporophila c. caerulescens

  1077. Wing-barred Seedeater  (aa) (*)  ______ BR  AM:feb,aug  (closely related to, and was considered conspecific with the more northerly and westerly Variable Seedeater, Sporophila corvina
    Sporophila a. americana

  1078. Caqueta Seedeater  ______  (in western Amazonian Brazil)
    Sporophila murallae

  1079. Chestnut-bellied Seedeater  (*) ______ BR  mr  EC
    Sporophila castaneiventris 

  1080. Lesson's Seedeater  (*) ______  BR  AM:feb  EC  VE  (in northern Brazil)
    Sporophila bouvronides

  1081. Gray Seedeater ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Sporophila intermedia

  1082. Ruddy-breasted Seedeater (ph) (aa) (*)  ______  VE
    Sporophila minuta

  1083. Black-and-white Seedeater  (*) ______  EC  (in Brazil, only known in the state of Acre in 1992)
    Sporophila luctuosa  


  1084. White-naped Seedeater  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Dolospingus fringilloides 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  1085. Great-billed Seed Finch (nt) (*) ______ 
    Oryzoborus m. maximiliani

  1086. Lesser Seed Finch  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  JA  mr  EC  (considered conspecific with the "Thick-billed Seed-Finch" of Central America)  
    Oryzoborus a. angolensis 
    ("Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch")

  1087. Large-billed Seed Finch  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug
    Oryzoborus crassirostris 


  1088. Wedge-tailed Grass Finch  (ph)  ______  BR  JA  mr
    Emberizoides herbicola 


  1089. Orange-fronted Yellow Finch  (*) ______ BR  AM:feb,aug
    Sicalis columbiana leopoldinae


  1090. Red Pileated Finch  (*)  ______   (was called Red-crested Finch)
    Coryphospingus cucullatus rubescens 


  1091. Red-and-black Grosbeak ______  (in far-northern Brazil)
    Periporphyrus erythromelas  (the single member of its genus)


  1092. Buff-throated Saltator  (*) ______  BR  JA  mr  EC  VE
    Saltator m. maximus

  1093. "Southern" Grayish Saltator  (*) ______ BR  AF  AM:feb,aug  EC
    Saltator c. coerulescens

  1094. Slate-colored Grosbeak  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct  AM:feb  mr  VE
    (formerly Pitylus) g. grossus

    The Slate-colored Grosbeak lives in the mid-story of the Amazonian Forest. Although now in the same genus as the saltators, its song is not as rich.   


  1095. Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak  (aa) (*) ______ BR  AF:oct
    (formerly Caryothraustes) humeralis  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)


  1096. Yellow-green Grosbeak  (*) ______ BR  AM:aug  VE
    Caryothraustes c. canadensis


  1097. Blue-black Grosbeak  (*) ______ BR  JA  mr  VE
    Cyanocompsa cyanoides

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