PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876


Birds found during 
Focus On Nature Tours
on the main Japanese island 

ncluding the small offshore island

1994 thru 2014

during the months of January, February, April, 
May, June, July, October, November, & December


A List of Birds on Honshu in Japan
compiled by Armas Hill

There have been 23 FONT Fall & Winter birding tours in Japan:  FW.

There have been 13 FONT Spring & Summer birding tours in Japan:  SS.
During all of these 36 tours, there has been birding on Honshu, 
cumulatively, 308 species of birds have been found! 

as seen during FONT tours in Honshu during the Winter.    


(i): introduced species

(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International.
(t1): critical
(t2): endangered
(t3): vulnerable
(nt): considered a near-threatened species globally

(JAr):       rare in Japan
(JArs):     rare in Japan in spring/summer
(JArw):    rare in Japan in winter

(JAe):      Japanese endemic
(JAeb):    Japanese endemic breeder
(JAneb):  Japanese near-endemic breeder

(p):    seen pelagically 
(p1):  offshore on the Pacific, off northern Honshu, from the large ferry to or from Hokkaido
(p2):  offshore on the Sea of Japan, from the small ferry to or from Hegura Island  
(po):  pelagic only  

FW: Seen during FONT Fall & Winter Japanese birding tours.
SS: Seen during FONT Spring & Summer Japanese birding tours.
Months of the FONT tours when found are noted for each species. 

HI: seen on Hegura Island (Hegura-jima) in the Sea of Japan off Honshu, (o): on Hegura Island only. (Hegura Island visited during Spring tours) 


Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Japan  

A List & Photo Gallery of Japan Birds, in 2 parts:

Part #1: Pheasants to Pitta
Part #2: Minivets to Buntings

Birds of Hegura Island  (with some photos)

Birds during FONT Japan Tours in the Spring & Summer

Rare Birds during our Japan Tours 
(with some photos)

List of Japanese Mammals (with some photos)

List of Japanese Butterflies (with some photos)   

Directory of Photos in this FONT Website

List of Birds during FONT Tours in Honshu, Japan:

  1. Copper Pheasant  (nt) (JAe) ______  SS,FW jan,apr,may
    Syrmaticus soemmerringii

  2. Japanese Green Pheasant  (JAe) ______  SS,FW jan,apr,may,jun,oct
    Phasianus versicolor

  3. Mute Swan  (JAi) ______  SS,FW jan,feb,may,jun,dec
    Cygnus olor

  4. Whooper Swan ______  FW jan,feb,nov
    Cygnus cygnus

  5. "Bewick's" Tundra Swan  ______  FW jan
    Cygnus columbianus bewickii

  6. Greater White-fronted Goose  ______  FW jan,nov
    Anser albifrons frontalis
    (or albicans)

  7. “Tundra” Bean Goose   ______  FW jan,feb,nov
    Anser fabalis serrirostris

  8. Snow Goose  (JAr)  ______  FW
    (formerly Chen) caerulescens 

  9. Mandarin Duck  (nt)   ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov,dec
    Aix galericulata

  10. Eurasian Wigeon  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov,dec   
    Anas penelope

  11. American Wigeon  (JAr)  ______  FW jan,feb
    Anas americana

  12. Falcated Duck   ______  SS,FW jan,feb,may,nov
    Anas falcata

  13. Baikal Teal  (t3) ______  FW jan,feb,nov
    Anas formosa

  14. Eurasian Teal  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov,dec
    Anas c. crecca

  15. Garganey  ______  SP apr,may
    Anas querquedula

  16. Gadwall  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,dec
    Anas s. strepera

  17. Mallard  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov,dec
    Anas p. platyrhynchos

  18. Eastern Spot-billed Duck   ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov,dec
    Anas zonorhyncha

  19. Northern Pintail  _____  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov,dec
    Anas acuta

  20. Northern Shoveler ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,dec
    Anas clypeata

  21. Common Pochard   ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,nov,dec
    Aythya ferina

  22. Red-crested Pochard  (JAr)  ______  FW feb
    Netta rufina

  23. Baer’s Pochard  (JAr) ______  FW jan
    Aythya baeri

  24. Ring-necked Duck  (JAr)  ______  FW jan
    Aythya collaris

  25. Tufted Duck  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov,dec
    Aythya fuligula

  26. Greater Scaup ______  SS,FW  (p) p1 jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov
    Aythya marila mariloides

  27. Harlequin Duck ______  SS,FW  jan,may,dec
    Histrionicus histrionicus

  28. Long-tailed Duck  ______  FW (po)  p1
    Clangula hyemalis

  29. Black Scoter ______  SS,FW    p1  jan,feb,apr,may
    Melanitta americana

    The Black Scoter was conspecific was the Common Scoter of Europe, Melanitta nigra. 

  30. Common Goldeneye ______  FW jan,feb
    Bucephala c. clangula

  31. Smew  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun,dec
    Mergellus albellus

  32. Red-breasted Merganser  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may
    Mergus serrator

  33. Scaly-sided Merganser  (t3) (JAr)  ______  FW jan
    Mergus squamatus

    The Scaly-sided Merganser is also called the Chinese Merganser. 

  34. Common Merganser  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,may
    Mergus m. merganser 

    The Common Merganser is also called the Goosander.

  35. Yellow-billed Loon  ______  FW (po) p1  jan
    Gavia adamsii

    The Yellow-billed Loon is also called the White-billed Diver.

  36. Red-throated Loon  ______  FW  jan
    Gavia stellata

    The Red-throated Loon is also called the Red-throated Diver.  

  37. Pacific Loon  ______ SS,FW  p1  HI jan,feb,apr,may,nov,dec
    Gavia pacifica

    The Pacific Loon is also called the Pacific Diver.

  38. Arctic Loon  ______  SS,FW  (p) p1 jan,apr
    Gavia arctica

    The Arctic Loon is also called the Black-throated Diver.

  39. Black-footed Albatross (t3) ______ SS,FW  (po) p1  jan,apr,may,jun,nov
    Phoebastria nigripes

  40. Laysan Albatross ______  SS,FW  (po) p1  jan,feb,may,jun,nov.dec
    Phoebastria immutabilis

  41. Short-tailed Albatross (t2) ______  SS,FW  (po) p1  jan,apr,may
    Phoebastria albatrus

    The Short-tailed Albatross is also called the Steller's Albatross. 

  42. Northern Fulmar ______  SS,FW (po) p1  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec    
    Fulmaris glacialis rodgersii                              

  43. Bonin Petrel  (JAr)  ______  FW (po) p1  jan
    Pterodroma h. hypoleuca

  44. Streaked Shearwater  (JAneb) ______  SS,FW  (p) p1,2  HI  jan,apr,may,jun,nov,dec
    Calonectris leucomelas

  45. Buller’s Shearwater ______  SS (po) p1  may,jun
    Puffinus bulleri

  46. Flesh-footed Shearwater ______  SS,FW  (po) p1   may,jun,nov
    Puffinus carneipes

  47. Sooty Shearwater ______  SS (po) p1  apr,may,jun  
    Puffinus griseus                                

  48. Short-tailed Shearwater ______  SS,FW  (po) p1,2  HI  jan,apr,may,jun,nov,dec 
    Puffinus tenuirostris

  49. Tristram’s Storm Petrel  (nt) (JArw) ______  SS,FW  (po) p1  jan,may,dec
    Oceanodroma tristrami

    The Tristram's Storm Petrel is also called the Sooty Storm Petrel.

  50. Fork-tailed Storm Petrel ______ SS,FW  p1  jan,feb,nov,dec
    Oceanodroma furcata

    The Fork-tailed Storm Petrel is also called the Grey Storm Petrel.

  51. Little Grebe ______ SS,FW  jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov,dec
    Tachybaptus ruficollis poggei

  52. Eared Grebe ______ FW  jan,feb
    Podiceps nigricollis

    The Eared Grebe is also called the Black-necked Grebe. 

  53. Horned Grebe ______ FW   jan,feb,oct
    Podiceps a. auritus

    The Horned Grebe is also called the Slavonian Grebe.                               

  54. Red-necked Grebe ______ SS,FW  jan,apr,oct,nov
    Podiceps grisegena holboellii


  55. Great Crested Grebe ______   SS,FW (p) p1  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov
    Podiceps c. cristatus

  56. Black-faced Spoonbill (t2) ______  FW  jan
    Platalea minor

  57. Great Cormorant ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov,dec
    Phalacrocorax carbo hanedae                                

  58. Temminck's  (or Japanese) Cormorant  (JAneb) ______  SS,FW (p) p1,2  HI jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov
    Phalacrocorax capillatus

  59. Pelagic Shag (or Cormorant)  ______  SS,FW (p) p1,2  HI jan,feb,apr,may,nov,dec
    Phalacrocorax p. pelagicus

  60. Eurasian Bittern  ______  FW  jan
    Botaurus s. stellaris

  61. Black-crowned Night-Heron  ______  SS,FW  HI   jan,apr,may,jun,jul,dec 
    Nycticorax n. nycticorax

  62. Chinese Pond Heron  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Ardeola bacchus

  63. Eastern Cattle Egret  ______  SS,FW  HI   jan,may
    Bublucus coromandus

    The Eastern Cattle Egret is in eastern Asia. The Western Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis, is in Africa, parts of Europe, and the Americas.       

  64. Chinese Egret (t3) (JAr)  ______  SS HI  may
    Egretta eulophotes

    The Chinese Egret is also called the Swinhoe's Egret.   

  65. Little Egret  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov,dec
    Egretta g. garzetta

  66. Intermediate Egret  ______  SS,FW  HI apr,may,nov
    Egretta i. intermedia

  67. Great Egret  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov,dec
    Ardea a. alba

  68. Grey Heron  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,jul,oct,nov,dec
    Ardea cinerea jouyi

  69. Purple Heron  (JAr)  ______  SS HIo  may
    Ardea purpurea manilensis

  70. Striated Heron  ______  SS  HI may,jun
    Butorides striatus amurensis

  71. Pacific Reef Heron ______  SS,FW  HI may
    Egretta s. sacra

    The Pacific Reef Heron is also called the Eastern Reef Heron. 

  72. Oriental Honey Buzzard  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Pernis orientalis

    The Oriental Honey Buzzard has been split from the Crested Honey Buzzard, Pernis ptilohynchus, that occurs elsewhere in Asia.

  73. Black-eared Kite ______  SS,FW   HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov
    Migrans (migrans) lineatus

  74. White-tailed (Sea) Eagle (nt)  ______  FW jan
    Haliaeetus a. albicilla

  75. Steller’s Sea Eagle (t3)  ______  FW  jan
    Haliaeetus p. pelagicus

  76. Hen Harrier  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,oct
    Circus cyaneus

    The Hen Harrier is now considered distinct from the Northern Harrier, Circus hudsonius, of North America.  

  77. Eastern Marsh Harrier  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,apr,may
    Circus spilonotus

    The Eastern Marsh Harrier was conspecific with what is now the Western Marsh Harrier, Circus aeruginosus.

  78. Northern Goshawk  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr
    Accipiter gentilis

  79. Eurasian Sparrowhawk  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,may,nov,dec
    Accipiter nisus nisosimilis

  80. Japanese Sparrowhawk  ______  SS HIo  may
    Accipiter gularis iwasakii

  81. Grey-faced Buzzard  ______  SS,FW  HI  may,nov
    Butastur indicus

  82. Eastern Buzzard ______  SS,FW   HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov
    Buteo japonicus

    The Eastern Buzzard was part of the Common Buzzard, Buteo buteo.

  83. Rough-legged Buzzard (or Rough-legged Hawk) ______  FW  jan
    Buteo lagopus menzibieri

  84. Mountain Hawk-Eagle ______  FW jan
    Spizaetus nipalensis orientalis

    The Mountain Hawk-Eagle has been called the Hodgson's Hawk-Eagle. The subspecies in Japan is rather distinct from populations on mainland Asia, and may be described as a separate species.     

  85. Osprey  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,apr,may,oct
    Pandion h. haliaetus

  86. Eurasian Kestrel   ______  SS,FW HI  jan,feb,may,oct,dec
    Falco tinnunculus interstinctus

  87. Merlin  ______  FW feb
    Falco columbarius 

  88. Northern Hobby  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,may,nov
    Falco s. subbuteo

  89. Amur Falcon  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Falco amurensis

    Another name for the Amur Falcon has been the Eastern Red-footed Falcon.

  90. Peregrine Falcon   ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,may,oct,dec
    Falco peregrinus japonensis

  91. Gyrfalcon ______  FW (po) jan
    Falco rusticolus

  92. Ruddy-breasted Crake  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,may
    Porzana fusca


  93. Common Moorhen  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,dec
    Gallinula chloropus indica

    The Common Moorhen is now considered distinct from the Common Gallinule of the Americas, Gallinula galeata. 

  94. Eurasian Coot  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov
    Fulica a. atra

  95. Eurasian Oystercatcher  (JAr)  ______ SS  apr
    Haematopus ostralegus

  96. Black-winged Stilt ______ SS,FW  jan,apr,may,oct,dec
    Himantopus h. himantopus

  97. Long-billed Plover (nt) ______ SS,FW  jan,feb,may,jun
    Charadrius placidus japonicus 

  98. Little Ringed Plover ______ SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct
    Charadrius dubius curonicus

  99. Common Ringed Plover  (JArw) ______ SS.FW  HI  jan,may,dec
    Charadrius hiaticula tundrae

  100. Kentish Plover ______ SS,FW  jan,feb,apr,may,dec
    Charadrius alexandrinus dealbatus

    The Kentish Plover is now distinct from the Snowy Plover of the Americas, Charadrius nivosus. 

  101. Lesser Sand Plover  ______  SS  HI  apr,may
    Charadrius mongolus stegmanni

    The Lesser Sand Plover has been called the Mongolian Plover.

  102. Pacific Golden Plover ______  SS,FW HI  jan,apr,may
    Pluvialis fulva

  103. Grey Plover  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,apr,may,dec
    Pluvialis s, squatarola

    The Black-bellied Plover is also called the Grey Plover.  

  104. Gray-headed Lapwing (nt)  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,may,jun,nov
    Vanellus cinereus

  105. Northern Lapwing  ______  FW jan,feb
    Vanellus vanellus

  106. Great Knot  ______  SS apr,may
    Calidris tenuirostris

  107. Red Knot _______  SS  HI may
    Calidris canutus

  108. Red-necked Stint  (JArw)  ______  SS,FW   HI apr,may,dec
    Calidris ruficollis 

  109. Long-toed Stint  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Calidris subminuta

  110. Sharp-tailed Sandpiper  ______  SS may
    Calidris acuminata

  111. Curlew Sandpiper ______  SS may
    Calidris ferruginea

  112. Dunlin   ______  SS,FW  jan,apr,may,dec
    Calidris alpina

  113. Broad-billed Sandpiper  ______  SS may
    Limicola falcinellus

  114. Sanderling  ______  SS,FW   (p) p2  HI jan,apr,may,dec
    Calidris alba rubida

  115. Ruddy Turnstone _______  SS HI  apr,may
    Arenari i. interpres

  116. Eurasian Woodcock  ______  FW  jan
    Scolopax rusticola

  117. Common Snipe  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,apr,may
    Gallinago galliango

    The Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago, was conspecific with the Wilson's Snipe of North America, Gallinago delicata.

  118. Latham’s (or Japanese) Snipe  ______  SS  HIo   may
    Gallinago hardwickii

  119. Solitary Snipe ______  FW jan,oct
    Gallinago solitaria japonica

  120. Jack Snipe  (JAr) ______ SS  HIo  apr
    Lymnocryptes minimus

  121. Common Redshank  (JAr)  ______  SS may 
    Tringa totanus eurhinus

  122. Spotted Redshank  ______  SS may
    Tringa erythropus

  123. Common Greenshank  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,apr,may 
    Tringa nebularia

  124. Green Sandpiper ______  SS  HI apr,may
    Tringa ochropus

  125. Wood Sandpiper ______  SS  HIo  may
    Tringa glareola

  126. Grey-tailed (or Polynesian) Tattler  ______  SS  HI may
    Heteroscelus brevipes

  127. Terek Sandpiper  ______  SS  HI may
    Xenus cinereus

  128. Common Sandpiper  ______  SS,FW   HI jan,feb,apr,may,dec
    Actitis hypoleucos

  129. Bar-tailed Godwit  ______  SS apr,may
    Limosa lapponica baueri 

  130. Eastern Black-tailed Godwit  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Limosa melanuroides

    The Eastern Black-tailed Godwit was part of the Black-tailed Godwit, Limosa limosa.    

  131. Eurasian Curlew   ______  SS,FW  may,dec
    Numenius arquata

  132. Eastern Curlew (nt)  ______  SS apr,may
    Numenius madagascariensis

    Numenius madagscariensis
    has also been called the Far Eastern Curlew.
    Its scientific name notwithstanding, the bird does not occur in Madagascar.    

  133. “Eurasian” Whimbrel  ______  SS  HI apr,may
    Numenius phaeopus variegatus

  134. Red-necked Phalarope  ______  SS,FW (po)  p1,2  HI jan,may,jun,nov
    Phalaropus lobatus

  135. Red Phalarope  ______  SS (po)  p1  apr,may,jun
    Phalaropus fulicarius

    The Red Phalarope is also called the Grey Phalarope. 

  136. Pomarine Jaeger  ______  SS,FW  (po)  p1  jan,apr,nov,dec
    Stercorarius pomarinus

    The Pomarine Jaeger is also called the Pomarine Skua.

  137. Parasitic Jaeger  ______  SS  (po)  p 2 apr
    Stercorarius parasiticus

    The Parasitic Jaeger is also called the Arctic Skua.

  138. South Polar Skua  ______  SS  (po)  p1  jun
    Stercorarius maccormicki

  139. Black-headed Gull  ______  SS,FW (p) p1  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov,dec
    Chroicocephalus ridibundus

  140. Black-tailed Gull  (JAneb)  ______  SS,FW   (p)  p1,2 HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,jul,oct,nov,dec
    Larus crassirostris

  141. Kamchatka Gull  ______  SS,FW  (p)  p1 jan,feb,apr,dec
    Larus (canus) kamtschatschensis

    The Kamchatka Gull is by some considered a distinct species, but generally it has been a subspecies of the Common Gull, Larus canus, of Eurasia, known as the Mew Gull in North America, Larus canus brachyrhynchus.  

  142. Vega Gull  ______  SS,FW  (p)  p1  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov,dec
    Larus vegae

    The Vega Gull has been considered part of the Herring Gull, Larus argentatus. 

  143. Mongolian Gull  (JAr)  ______  SS apr
    Larus mongolicus

    The Mongolian Gull was considered conspecific with the Caspian Gull, Larus cachinnans, which itself has been considered conspecific with the Yellow-legged Gull of southern Europe.   

  144. Thayer’s Gull  (JAr)  ______ FW feb
    Larus thayeri

  145. Slaty-backed Gull  ______  SS,FW (p)  p1  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov,dec
    Larus schistisagus

  146. Glaucous-winged Gull  _____  SS,FW  (p)  p1  HI  jan,feb,may,nov,dec  
    Larus glaucescens

  147. Glaucous Gull  ______  SE,FW  (p)   p1 jan,feb,apr,may,jun,dec
    Larus hyperboreus pallidissimus

  148. Ross’ Gull  (JAr)  ______ FW dec
    Rhodostethia rosea

  149. Black-legged Kittiwake  ______  SS,FW  (p)   p1  jan,feb,apr,nov,dec    
    Rissa tridactyla   

  150. Common Tern  ______  SS (p)   p2  may
    Sterna hirundo longipennis

  151. Little Tern  ______  SS (p)  p1 apr,may,jun
    Sternula albifrons sinensis

  152. Common Murre (or Guillemot)   _____  SS,FW  (po) p1 jan,feb,apr,may,dec
    Uria aalge inornata

  153. Thick-billed Murre (or Brunnich’s Guillemot)  ______  FW  (po)  p1 jan
    Uria lomvia arra

  154. Spectacled Guillemot  ______  FW (po)  p1 jan
    Cepphus carbo

  155. Pigeon Guillemot  ______  FW  (po)  p1  jan,dec
    Cepphus columba snowi

  156. Long-billed Murrelet  ______  FW (po)  p1  jan
    Brachyramphus perdix

  157. Ancient Murrelet  ______  SS,FW  (p)  p1   HI jan,feb,apr,may,dec
    Synthliboramphus a. antiquus

  158. Japanese Murrelet  (t3) (JAe)  ______  SS (p) p2  apr,may,dec
    Synthliboramphus wumizusume

  159. Crested Auklet  ______  SS,FW  (po)  p1 jan,apr
    Aethia cristatella

  160. Least Auklet  ______  FW  (po)  p1 jan,feb
    Aethia pusilla

  161. Rhinoceros Auklet  ______  SS,FW  (po)  p1,2  jan,apr,may,jun,nov
    Cerorhinca monocerata

  162. Tufted Puffin (JPr) ______  FW (po)  p1 jan
    Fratercula cirrhata

  163. Horned Puffin (JPr)  ______  SS (po)  p1 apr
    Fratercula corniculata

  164. Common (or Feral) Pigeon  (JAi) ______  SS,FW  HI   jan,feb,apr,may,jun,jul,oct,nov,dec
    Columba livia

  165. Oriental Turtle Dove  ______  SS,FW (p)  p1 HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov,dec
    Sterotopelia o. orientalis

  166. White-bellied Green Pigeon  (nt)  ______  SS,FW may,nov
    Treron s. sieboldii

  167. Black Wood Pigeon  (nt) (JAneb)  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Columba j, janthina

  168. Rose-ringed Parakeet  (JAi)  ______  SS jun
    Psittacula krameri

  169. Common Cuckoo  ______  SS  HI may,jun
    Cuculus canorus telephonus

  170. Oriental Cuckoo ______  SS  HI may
    Cuculus optatus

    The Oriental Cuckoo was conspecific with the Himalayan Cuckoo, Ciculus saturatus.
    Another name for the Oriental Cuckoo has been the Horsfield's Cuckoo.  

  171. Lesser Cuckoo  ______  SS  HI may,jun
    Cuculus poliocephalus

  172. Northern Hawk-Cuckoo  ______  SS may
    Cuculus hyperythrus

    The Northern Hawk-Cuckoo was part of the Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo, Cuculus fugax. 

  173. Japanese Scops Owl  ______ SS,FW  HIo  may,nov
    Otus semitorques pryeri

    The Japanese Scops Owl was part of the Collared Scops Owl, Otus lettia. 

  174. Brown (or Oriental) Hawk-Owl  ______  SS  HI may,jun
    Ninox scutulata japonica

  175. Ural Owl  ______  FW jan
    Strix uralensis

  176. Short-eared Owl  ______  FW (p) p1 jan,nov
    Asio flammeus

  177. Grey Nightjar  ______  SS  HI may 
    Caprimulgus indicus jotaka

  178. Pacific Swift  ______  SS  (p) p2  HI   apr,may,jun
    Apus p. pacificus

    Other names for the Pacific Swift are Asian White-rumped Swift and Fork-tailed Swift.  

  179. Oriental Dollarbird  ______  SS  HIo may
    Eurystomus orientalis calonyx

  180. Ruddy Kingfisher  ______  SS  HIo may
    Halcyon coromanda

  181. Black-capped Kingfisher  (JAr)   ______  SS  HIo may
    Halcyon pileata

  182. Common Kingfisher  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,nov,dec
    Alcedo atthis bengalensis


  183. Crested Kingfisher  ______  SS,FW     jan,feb,apr,may
    Ceryle lugubris lugubris

  184. Eurasian Hoopoe  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo apr,may
    Upupa epops saturata

  185. Japanese Green Woodpecker  (JAe)  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun
    Picus a. awokera

  186. Great Spotted Woodpecker  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct
    Dendrocopos major japonicus

  187. Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov,dec
    (formerly Dendrocopos) kiuki seebohmi

  188. Greater Short-toed Lark  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo apr,may
    Calandrella brachydactyla

  189. Eurasian Skylark  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov
    Alauda arvensis japonica

    The breeding Eurasian Skylark on Honshu is the subspecies japonica. The subspecies pekinensis (JAr) has been seen during a FONT tour on Hegura Island in the spring.      

  190. Barn Swallow  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,jul,oct
    Hirundo rustica

  191. Sand Martin (or Bank Swallow)  ______  SS  HI apr,may
    Riparia riparia ijimae

  192. Red-rumped Swallow  ______  SS  HI  may
    Cecropis daurica

  193. Asian House Martin  ______  SS apr,may,jun
    Delichon d. dasypus

  194. Richard’s Pipit  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo may
    Anthus novaeseelandiae

  195. Olive-backed Pipit  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct
    Anthus h. hodgsoni

  196. Tree Pipit  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo  may  
    Anthus trivialis haringtoni

  197. “Siberian” Buff-bellied Pipit  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may
    Anthus rubescens japonicus

    The Buff-bellied Pipit, Anthus rubescens japonicus, was part of the Water Pipit. Now it is considered conspecific with the American Pipit.

  198. Eastern Yellow Wagtail  (JPr)   ______  SS  HIo  may
    Motacilla tschutschensis simillma

  199. Grey Wagtail  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,nov
    Motacilla cinerea robusta

  200. White Wagtail  ______  SS,FW  HI   jan,feb,apr,may,jun,jul,oct,nov,dec
    Motacilla alba

    The subspecies of the White Wagtail, Motacilla alba lugens, that occurs commonly on Honshu has been called the Black-backed Wagtail
    The subspecies Motacilla alba ocularis  (JAr) has been seen during FONT tours on Hegura Island in the spring.    

  201. Japanese Wagtail  (JAe)  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov
    Motacilla grandis

  202. Brown-eared Bulbul  (JAneb)  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,jul,oct,nov,dec
    Microscelis amaurotis

  203. Ashy Minivet  ______  SS,FW  HI may,oct
    Pericrocotus divaricatus

  204. Japanese Waxwing  (nt)   ______  SS,FW HI  jan,apr,may
    Bombycilla japonica

  205. Bohemian Waxwing  ______  SS may
    Bombycilla garrulus

  206. Brown (or Pallas’) Dipper ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct
    Cinclus p. pallasii

  207. Eurasian Wren  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun
    Troglodytes troglodytes fumigatus

  208. Japanese Accentor  (JAe)  ______  FW jan,feb,oct
    Prunella rubida fervida

  209. Japanese Robin  (JAneb)  ______  SS  HI apr,may
    Luscinia akahige

  210. Swinhoe's  (or Rufous-tailed) Robin  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo may
    Luscinia sibilans

  211. Siberian Blue Robin  ______  SS  HI may,jun
    Luscinia cyane bachaiensis

  212. Siberian Rubythroat   ______  SS  HIo apr,may
    Luscinia calliope camtschhaatkensis

  213. Bluethroat  (JPr)   ______  SS  HIo  may
    Luscinia s. svecicus

  214. Daurian Redstart   ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,oct,nov
    Phoenicurus a. auroreus

  215. Black Redstart  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo  apr
    Phoenicurus ochruros

  216. Red-flanked Bluetail  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,dec
    (formerly Tarsiger) c. cyanurus

    Other names of the Red-flanked Bluetail are Siberian Bluechat and Orange-flanked Bush-Robin.  

  217. Desert Wheatear  (JAr)  ______  FW jan
    Oenanthe deserti

  218. Pied Wheatear  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo may
    Oenanthe pleschanka

  219. Isabelline Wheatear  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo may
    Oenanthe isabellina

  220. Siberian Stonechat  ______  SS  HI apr,may
    Saxicola stejnegeri

  221. Blue Rock Thrush  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,oct
    Monticola solitarius philippensis 
    (subspecies with a reddish belly) 

  222. White-throated Rock Thrush  (JAr)   ______  SS  HIo  may
    Monticola gularis

  223. White’s (Ground) Thrush  ______  SS,FW  HI feb,apr,may 
    Zoothera aurera toratugumi

  224. Siberian (Ground) Thrush  ______  SS  HI  may,jun
    Zoothera sibirica davisoni

  225. Brown-headed Thrush  (JAneb)   ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,nov,dec
    Turdus c. chrysolaus

    The Brown-headed Thrush has been called the Brown Thrush.

  226. Pale Thrush   ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,nov,dec
    Turdus pallidus

  227. Eye-browed Thrush  ______  SS,FW  HIo may,oct
    Turdus obscurus

    The Eye-browed Thrush is also called the Grey-headed Thrush.

  228. Dusky Thrush  (JArs)  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,nov,dec
    Turdus eunomus

  229. Naumann’s Thrush  ______ SS,FW  HI  jan
    Turdus naumanni

    The Naumann's Thrush was conspecific with the Dusky Thrush. 

  230. Japanese (Grey) Thrush  ______  SS  HI  apr,may
    Turdus cardis

    The Japanese Thrush has been called the Grey Thrush.

  231. Asian Stubtail  ______  SS  HI  apr,jun
    Cettia s. squameiceps 

    The Asian Stubtail was called the Short-tailed Bush Warbler.

  232. Japanese Bush Warbler   ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,jul,oct,nov
    Cettia diphone

  233. Zitting Cisticola  ______ SS  HI  apr,may,jun
    Cisticola juncidis brunniceps

    The Zitting Cisticola has been called the Fan-tailed Warbler.

  234. Gray’s (Grasshopper) Warbler  ______  SS  HIo may
    Locustella fasciolata amnicola

  235. Marsh Grassbird  (t3) ______  SS  apr,may
    Megalurus p. pryeri

    The Marsh Grassbird has been called the Japanese Marsh Warbler.

  236. Black-browed (or Schenk’s) Reed Warbler  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Acrocephalus bistrigiceps

  237. Oriental Reed Warbler   ______  SS  HI  apr,may,jun
    Acrocephalus orientalis

  238. Eastern Crowned Warbler  ______  SS  HI  apr,may,jun
    Phylloscopus coronatus

  239. Sakhalin Leaf Warbler  ______  SS  HI apr,may
    Phylloscopus borealoides

    The Sakhalin Leaf Warbler was part of the Pale-legged Leaf Warbler.

  240. Dusky Warbler  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Phylloscopus f. fuscatus

  241. Radde’s Warbler (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo may
    Phylloscopus schwarzi

  242. Arctic Warbler  ______  SS HIo  may
    Phylloscopus borealis

  243. Kamchatka Leaf Warbler  ______  SS  HIo  may  
    Phylloscopus examinandus

  244. Japanese Leaf Warbler  ______  FW  jan
    Phylloscopus xanthodryas

  245. Yellow-browed Warbler  (JAr) ______  SS  HIo may
    Phylloscopus inornatus

  246. Siberian Chiffchaff  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Phylloscopus tristis

  247. Goldcrest   ______  SS,FW  jan,may
    Regulus regulus japonensis

  248. Blue-and-white Flycatcher  ______  SS  HI apr,may,jun
    Cyanoptila c. cyanomelana

  249. Moustached Laughing Thrush  ______  FW  oct
    Garrulux cineraceus

  250. Asian Brown Flycatcher  ______  SS  HI apr,may
    Muscicapa d, dauurica

  251. Dark-sided (or Siberian) Flycatcher  ______  SS,FW  HI may,oct
    Muscicapa . sibirica

  252. Grey-streaked Flycatcher  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Muscicapa griseisticta

  253. Mugimaki Flycatcher  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Ficedula mugimaki

  254. Taiga Flycatcher (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo may
    Ficedula albicilla

    The Taiga Flycatcher was part of the Red-breasted Flycatcher.

  255. Narcissus Flycatcher  (JAneb)  ______  SS  HI apr,may
    Ficedula narcissina

  256. Yellow-rumped Flycatcher  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo may
    Ficedula zanthopygia

    The Yellow-rumped Flycatcher is also called the Tricolored Flycatcher.

  257. Japanese Paradise Flycatcher  ______  SS  HIo may
    Terpsiphone a. atrocaudata

  258. Long-tailed Bushtit  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov
    Aegithalos caudatus trivirgatus

  259. Willow Tit   ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct
    Parus montanus restrictus 

  260. Varied Tit  (JAneb)  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,jul,nov,dec
    Parus v. varius

  261. Coal Tit  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun
    Parus ater insularis

  262. Eastern Great Tit   ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov,dec
    Parus minor minor

    The Eastern Great Tit, Parus minor, was conspecific with what is now the Northern Great Tit of Europe, Parus major.  

  263. Eurasian Nuthatch  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct
    Sitta europaea amurensis

  264. Eurasian Treecreeper  ______  FW jan
    Certhia familiaris

  265. Japanese White-eye  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan.feb,apr,may,jun,jul,oct,nov,dec
    Zosterops j. japonica

  266. Bull-headed Shrike  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov
    Lanius b. bucephalus

  267. Brown Shrike   ______  SS,FW  HI may,nov
    Lanius cristatus superciliosus

  268. Tiger Shrike  ______  SS  HIo may
    Lanius tigrinus

    The Tiger Shrike is also called the Thick-billed Shrike.

  269. Eurasian Jay  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct
    Garrulus (glandarius) japonicus

    Some say that the jay on Honshu, and some other Japanese islands, is the Japanese Jay, Garrulus japonicus, including the subspecies tokugawae, hiugaensis, and orii, 

  270. Azure-winged Magpie  ______  SS,FW jan,feb,apr,may,jun,nov,dec
    Cyanopica cyana japonica

  271. Spotted Nutcracker  ______  SS,FW may,jun,oct
    Nucifraga caryocatactes

  272. Daurian Jackdaw  ______  FW jan
    Corvus dauuricus

  273. Rook  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,apr,may
    Corvus frugilegus pastinator

  274. Carrion Crow   ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,jul,oct,nov,dec
    Corvus corone orientalis

  275. Large-billed Crow  ______  SS, FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,jul,oct,nov,dec
    Corvus macrorhynchos japonensis

    The Large-billed Crow was conspecific with the Jungle Crow of southern Asia, Corvus levaillantii. 

  276. Chestnut-cheeked Starling  (nt) (JAeb)    ______  SS,FW  HI  may,jun,oct
    Sturnus philippensis

    The Chestnut-cheeked Starling is also called the Violet-backed Starling, or Myna. 

  277. White-cheeked (or Grey) Starling   ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov,dec
    Sturnus cineraceus

  278. Daurian (or Purple-backed) Starling  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Sturnus sturninus

  279. Crested Myna  (JAi)  ______  FW jan
    Acridotheres cristatellus

  280. Black Drongo  (JAr)   ______  SS  HIo may
    Dicrurus macrocercus

  281. Black-naped Oriole  (JAr) ______  SS HIo  may
    Oriolus chinensis

  282. Eurasian Tree Sparrow  ______  SS,FW HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,jul,oct,nov,dec
    Passer montanus saturatus

  283. Russet (or Cinnamon) Sparrow  ______  SS  HIo apr
    Passer rutilans

  284. Brambling  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,apr,may,oct
    Fringilla montifringilla

  285. Oriental (or Grey-capped) Greenfinch  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov
    Carduelis sinica

  286. Eurasian Siskin  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,apr,may
    Carduelis spinus

  287. Red (or Common) Crossbill  ______  FW
    Loxia curvirostra japonica 

  288. Asian Rosy Finch   ______  SS,FW  HI jan,apr
    Leucosticte arctoa

  289. Long-tailed Rosefinch  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr
    Uragus sibricus

  290. Pallas’ Rosefinch  (JAr)  ______  SS,FW  jan,feb,apr
    Carpodacus roseus

  291. Eurasian Bullfinch ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may
    Pyrrhula pyrrhula

  292. Japanese Grosbeak  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,jun
    Eophona p. personata

  293. Chinese Grosbeak  (JAr) ______  SS  HIo may
    Eophona m. migratoria

  294. Hawfinch  ______  SS,FW  HI jan,feb,apr,may,nov
    Caccothraustes caccothraustes japonicus

  295. Grey Bunting  (JAneb)  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,may,jun,nov,dec
    Emberiza v, variabilis

  296. Black-faced Bunting  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov
    Emberiza spodocephala personata

  297. Japanese Yellow Bunting  (t3) (JAeb)  ______  SS  HI  may
    Emberiza sulphurata

  298. Meadow Bunting  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,jun,oct,nov
    Emberiza cioides ciopsis

  299. Yellow-breasted Bunting  ______  SS  HIo may
    Emberiza aureola

  300. Chestnut Bunting  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo may
    Emberiza rutila

  301. Chestnut-eared (or Grey-headed) Bunting  ______  SS HIo  may
    Emberiza f. furcata

  302. Rustic Bunting  ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,oct
    Emberiza rustica latifascia

  303. Elegant (or Yellow-throated) Bunting   ______  SS,FW  HIo jan,apr,may
    Emberiza e. elegans

  304. Yellow-browed Bunting  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Emberiza chrysophrys

  305. Little Bunting  (JAr)   ______  SS  HIo  may
    Emberiza pusila

  306. Tristram’s Bunting  (JAr)  ______  SS  HIo  may
    Emberiza tristrami

  307. Common Reed Bunting   ______  SS,FW  HI  jan,feb,apr,may,oct
    Emberiza schoenictus pyrrhulina

  308. Japanese Reed Bunting  (nt)  ______  SS,FW jan,apr,may
    Emberiza y. yessoensis