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5 of a List
with some Photos
Noting those during
Focus On Nature Tours
in Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama
with tours in the months of: January, February, March, April, July, December
Fifth Part of a List of Central America Butterflies in 5 Parts,
compiled by Armas Hill
Here, in Part #5: Hesperiidae, the Skippers
Among the Butterfly groupings that follow, links to:
Subfamilies PYRGINAE and EUDAMINAE: Open-winged Skippers
Subfamily PYRGINAE, Tribe PYRRHOPYGINI with the genera: Amysoria, Azonax, Chalypyge, Creonpyge, Elbella, Jemadia, Jonaspyge, Melanopyge, Mysardia, Myscelus, Mysoria, Oxynetra, Parelbella, Passova, Pyrrhopyge, Yanguna, Zonia
Firetips and allies
Subfamily EUDAMINAE with the genera: Achalarus, Aguna, Astraptes, Augiades, Bungalotis, Cabares, Calliades, Cephise, Chioides, Chrysoplectrum, Codtractus, Cogia, Drephalys, Dyscophellus, Entheus, Epargyeus, Euriphellus, Hyalothyrus, Narcosius, Nascus, Nicephellus, Ocyba, Phanus, Phareas, Phocides, Porphyrogenes, Polygonus, Polythrix, Proteides, Pseudonascus, Ridens, Salatis, Spathilepia, Tarsoctenus, Telemiades, Thessia, Typhedanus, Udranomia, Urbanus, Venada, Zestusa
Spreadwing Skippers Long-tailed Skippers Flashers Banded Skippers
Cloudywings (or Hoary Edges) Pyramid Skippers Leaf-huggers
Subfamily PYRGINAE, Tribe CELAENORRHININI including the genus: Celaenorrhibus Flats
Subfamily PYRGINAE, Tribe CARCHARODINI including the genera: Arteurotia, Bolla, Cyclosemia, Gorgopas, Mictris, Mimia, Morvina, Myrinia, Nisoniades, Noctuana, Pachyneuria, Pellicia, Polyctor, Staphylus, Windia
Tufted-Skippers Eyed-Skippers Sootywings
Subfamily PYRGINAE, Tribe ERYMMINI including the genera: Anastrus, Camptopleura, Chiomara, Ebrietas, Erynnis, Gesta, Gorythion, Grais, Helias, Mylon, Potamanaxas, Sostrata, Theagenes, Timochares, Tosta
Bentwings (or Bent-Skippers)
Subfamily PYRGINAE, Tribe ACHLYODIDINI including the genera: Achlyodes, Aethilla, Atarnes, Doberes, Eantis, Gindanes, Haemaetis, Milanion, Ouleus, Paramimus, Pythonides, Quadrus, Zera
(Quadrus, Pythnides) Sicklewings
Subfamily PYRGINAE, Tribe PYRGINI with the genera: Anisochora, Antigonus, Carrhenes, Clito, Diaeus, Eracon, Heliopetes, Heliopyrgus, Onenses, Paches, Pyrgus, Spioniades, Systasea, Timochreon, Xenophanes, Zopyrion
Glassy-winged Skipper Powdered Skippers Spurwings
Subfamily HETEROPTERINAE: Skipperlings with the genera: Dalla, Dardarina, Piruna
Subfamily HESPERIINAE: Branded (or Grass) Skippers
Subfamily HESPERIINAE, Tribe ANTHOPTINI with the genera: Falga, Synapte
Subfamily HESPERIINAE, Tribe MONCINI with the genera: Alera, Adlerodea, Apaustus, Arita, Artinea, Callimormus, Canthus, Cobalopsis, Cymaenes, Dion, Enosis, Eprius, Eutocus, Eutychide, Flaccilla, Halotus, Inglorius, Joanna, Justinia, Lento, Lerema, Lerodea, Lucida, Ludens, Lycas, Methion, Methionopsis, Mnasicles, Mnasilus, Msasitheus, Mnestheus, Moeris, Morys, Naevolus, Nastra, Niconiades, Onophas, Orses, Papias, Perichare, Phanes, Pheraeus, Phiebodes, Pyrrhopygopsis, Remella, Repends, Rhinthon. Saturnus, Sodalia, Styriodes, Thargella, Thoon, Tigasis, Vehilius, Vertica, Vettius, Vidius, Vinius, Vinpelus, Virga, Zariaspes
Underskippers Brown Skippers Peacock-Skippers
Subfamily HESPERIINAE, Tribe CALPODINI with the genera: Aides, Aroma, Calpodes. Neoxeniades. Panoquina, Saliana, Thracides, Zenis
Brazilian Skipper Panoquins Salianas Silverpatches
Subfamily HESPERIINAE, Tribe THYMELICINI with the genera: Ancyloxypha, Copaeodes
Subfamily HESPERIINAE, Tribe MEGATHYMINI: Giant-Skippers with the genus: Agathymus
Subfamily HESPERIINAE, HESPERIINI with the genera: Atalepedes (Sachem), Anatrytone, Atrytonopsis, Buzyges, Conga, Cynea, Decinea, Euphyes, Hylephila (Fiery Skipper), Librita, Lindra, Metron, Molo, Neochiodes, Neposa, Nyctelius, Onespa, Orthos, Oxynthes, Paratryone, Phemiades, Poanes, Polites (inc, Whirlabout), Pompeius, Quasimella, Quinta, Racta, Socova, Thespieus, Tirinthia, Vacerra, Wallengrenia, Xeniades
Cyneas Glassywings Mellanas Sedge-Skippers Metrons
Links to other Central America Lepidoptera groupings:
#1 - Swallowtails (Papilionidae)
Part #2 - Whites, Yellows, Sulphurs, Marbles (Pieridae)
Part #3 - Hairstreaks, Blues (Lycaenidae) & Metalmarks (Riodinidae)
Part #4 - Brushfoots (Nymphalidae) Moths
Upper right photo: a male ORCUS CHECKERED SKIPPER
photographed during the July 2013 FONT Tour in Panama.
(photo by Rise Hill)
Photos of both the male and the female are in the list below.
Codes relating to illustrations in various books:
Numbers noted as (AZ:xx) refer to pages in "Butterflies of Arizona - A Photographic Guide", by Bob Stewart, and Priscilla & Hank Brodkin.
Numbers noted as (BMCR:xx) refer to plates in "Butterflies and Moths of Costa Rica" by Isidro Chacon & Jose Montero.
Numbers noted as (C:xx) refer to pages in "A World of Butterflies", with text by Brian Cassie, and photographs (superb) by Kjell Sandved.
Numbers noted as (K:xx) refer to pages in the "Kaufman Focus Guide to Butterflies of North America", by Jim Brock & Kenn Kaufman.
Numbers noted a (MCA:xx) refer to pages in "A Swift Guide to the Butterflies of Mexico & Central America", by Jeffrey Glassberg.
Numbers noted as (PE:xx) refer to plates in the "Peterson Field Guides to Eastern Butterflies", by Paul Opler & Vichai Malikul, 1998 edition. Those noted as (PEp:xx) refer to a page with a photograph.
Numbers noted as (PW:xx) refer to plates in the "Peterson Field Guide to Western Butterflies", by Paul Opler & illustrated by Amy Bartlett Wright, 1999 edition. Those noted as (PWp:xx) refer to a page with a photograph.
Numbers noted as (S:xx) refer to pages in the "Smithsonian Handbook, Butterflies & Moths", by David Carter.
Numbers noted as (100BM:xx) refer to numbered plates in the book "100 Butterflies and Moths, Portraits from the Tropical Forest of Costa Rica", by Jeffrey Miller, Daniel Janzen, Winifred Hallwachs, 2007
Numbers noted as (100C:xx) refer to numbered plates in the book "100 Caterpillars, Portraits from the Tropical Forest of Costa Rica", by Jeffrey Miller, Daniel Janzen, Winifred Hallwachs, 2007
For both of these books, codes followed by -c: indicates that there is in the book a photograph of the caterpillar.
Actually for all of the species in both books, there are photographs of caterpillars and the adult butterflies and moths.
To view the caterpillar and adult butterfly and moth photos online go to:
BZ: in Belize
CR: in Costa Rica
GU: in Guatemala
HN: in Honduras
PN: in Panama
(sl): at Sierra Llorona, in hills on the Caribbean side of Panama
Butterflies observed during FONT tours noted by an (*) after the 2-letter country code.
(ph): species with a photo in the FONT website
Itineraries for upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in:
Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, & Panama
Birds during previous tours in: Belize Costa Rica Guatemala Honduras Panama
A List & Photo Gallery of Birds in Central America, in 4 Parts
A List of Mammals in Central America (with some photos)
Other Lists & Photo Galleries of Butterflies & Moths Elsewhere
Alphabetical Directory of Butterflies by Genus with Photos in the FONT Website
Directory of Photos in this Website
List of Central American Butterflies. Part #5:
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