PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-8
 or 302/529-1876

Website:  www.focusonnature.com


A Focus On Nature Tour



For Birds mostly, but also 
Butterflies and other Nature

July 6-19, 2016

(tour: FON/EC-12 '16)

Tour with Armas Hill,
to be led by expert local Ecuadorian guides

Itinerary follows below

The Jocotoco Antpitta,
discovered as recently as 1997.
Only very few are known to exist.

Among the birds during this tour,
many that are regional endemics & specialties.
among groups including hummingbirds,
tanagers, tapaculos,
antpittas, other antbirds,
flycatchers, foliage-gleaners,
cotingas, conebills,
parakeets and potoos.

And many of these at special places:
in reserves that have been established 
to preserve habitat and protect species.
You'll get to know these special places:
the reserves of Yanacocha, Antisana, Tapichalacha,
Utuana, Jarupe, Buenaventura.

The birds and their status
at each of these reserves are notated
in the 4-part "List & Photo Gallery of Ecuador Birds",
reached from the links below.


A List & Photo Gallery of Ecuador Birds, in 4 Parts:
Part #1: Tinamous to Swifts
     Part #2: Hummingbirds to Flycatchers     
Part#3: Antshrikes to  Woodcreepers
     Part #4: Vireos to Grosbeaks 

Lists & Photo Galleries of:    South America Mammals     Tropical Plants 
South America Butterflies, in 6 parts     South American Moths

Tour Registration Form


Wed, Jul 6:  
Arrival in Guayaquil, Ecuador. Overnight in Guayaquil.        

One of the great assortment of hummingbirds in Ecuador,
the Collared Inca,
one of a number of hummingbirds 
that should be seen during this tour. 

Thu Jul 7: 
From Guayaquil, we'll drive south to our first destination for birds and other nature, the reserve at Churute, an area with mangroves and forest.
In the mangrove area, we should see a large bird called the Horned Screamer. Churute is the only place west of the Andes where that species occurs.
Among the birds in the forest, possibilities include: Gray-cheeked Parakeet, Red-billed Scythebill, Jet Antbird, Pacific Royal Flycatcher, Pacific Elaenia, and Black-and-white Tanager (rare).
Other birds in this region of western Ecuador include: Snail Kite, Croaking Ground Dove, Pacific Parrotlet, Short-tailed Field Tyrant, Snowy-throated Kingbird, Parrot-billed Seedeater, and Saffron Siskin.
South of Churute, we'll stop at a place where yet some birds can be found, some localized species in the region. These include: Crimson-breasted Finch, Black-lored Yellowthroat, Large-billed Seed Finch.
Overnight in the small city of Machala.

Fri Jul 8:  In the morning. we'll go south to a wetland that we visited during one of our previous tours in the area, and where we found some wonderful birds, including: Spotted Rail, Southern Pochard, Comb Duck, many whistling ducks, Pinnated Bittern, Spotted Rail, and a Great Grebe (a mega-rarity for Ecuador). Many other birds were there as well.
"Just down that road" we'll go to a place for the Rufous-necked Wood Rail.
In the afternoon, we'll head east, ascending from the coastal lowlands to the Umbrellabird Lodge in the Buenaventura Reserve. Along the way, we'll be birding, among other places, in an excellent deciduous forest near El Empalme
Overnight at the Umbrellabird Lodge.

Two species of birds that are specialties of Buenaventura
are the Long-wattled Umbrellabird (above),
and the El Oro Parakeet (below).


Sat & Sun, Jul 9 & 10:
Particularly notable among the birds at Buenaventura are the El Oro Parakeet and El Oro Tapaculo. Also in that area are species of both the Choco and Tumbesian regions, including these:
Rufous-headed Chachalaca, Gray-backed Hawk, Ochre-bellied Dove, Pacific Royal Flycatcher, and Ochraceous Attila.
Close to the research station is a lek of the threatened Long-wattled Umbrellabird
Different types of feeders are near the lodge for birds and mammals, where a wonderful variety of hummingbirds and tanagers can be see. Also among the birds, toucans. Among the mammals, coatis. Overnights at the Umbrellabird Lodge.

The Buenaventura Reserve was established in 1999 to protect the locality where the El Oro Parakeet was discovered in 1980.
By the 1990s, the forest there had been substantially reduced, becoming ever-larger pastures. Almost all of the large trees were removed. 
The reserve was created in just the nick of time. Its size has increased, from 400 hectares to about 2,000 hectares by 2011. The altitude ranges from about 400 meters to over 1200 meters above sea level. It now protects one of the largest tracts of foothill cloud forest that remains on the west slope of the Andes in southwestern Ecuador. 
In the reserve, there is a combination of elements of deciduous Tumbesian Forest (of southern Ecuador & northwester Peru) and the wet Choco Forest (of northwestern Ecuador).
More than 330 species of birds have been found at Buenaventura. A dozen are classified as globally threatened, and about another 35 are local endemics.
Among the globally threatened species are the Gray-cheeked Parakeet and, as noted above, the Pacific Royal Flycatcher and Long-wattled Umbrellabird
The Gray-backed Hawk can be rather easily seen. 
Many of the 31 species of hummingbirds that have been recorded can be seen at the feeders at the lodge. In trees around the lodge, Choco Toucans are often seen.    
At a higher altitude of around 800 meters, it is the zone of the El Oro Parakeet. The Buenaventura Reserve hosts about two-thirds of the presently known global population of the species, currently from 150 to 200 individuals. The number has steadily been increasing due to a successful nestbox campaign designed to supplement the scarcity of suitable nest-trees. 
Among other rare birds in the lush cloud forest, perhaps the most notable is the El Oro Tapaculo that was discovered there in 1985. Its population is thought to be a few dozen pairs at most, and the species is no longer known to occur anywhere else in the world.

Mammals at the Buenaventura Reserve include the Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth, the Northern Tamandua (a species of arboreal anteater that in South America would be better called the Western Tamandua), and a wild cat called the Oncilla. A larger wild cat, the Puma, also occurs in the reserve.
Also there are Mantled Howler Monkeys, and a program has been underway to re-introduce the White-fronted Caphuchin, a critically-endangered species in Ecuador that was hunted out in the Buenaventura area in the 1990s.  
As to reptiles and amphibians, brightly-colored "poison-arrow" frogs are numerous at times along small streams, and one new species of lizard has been discovered in the reserve.

When the sun shines at Buenaventura, slow-flying Morpho butterflies appear, and there are many other butterflies to be seen.

The cloud-forest trees have abundant epiphytes and many orchids

A major reforestation program has been underway at Buenaventura. Recovery has been quite noticeable. Near the Umbrellabird Lodge, where pastures were, there is now closed-canopy woodland. 
So, in addition to seeing some "good birds", there is something else good to see: a tropical environment that has been recovering.   

Mon, Jul 11:  This day, we'll continue further south in Ecuador, with birding along the way, to the Tapichalaca Reserve.
Birds, along the way, could include Bearded Guan, Red-hooded Tanager, Band-tailed Sierra Finch, Tumbes Sparrow, and Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan.
Upon our arrival at the Tapichalaca Reserve, we'll first be impressed by the presence of many hummingbirds at the feeders. Among them: Amethyst-throated Sunangel, Chestnut-breasted Coronet, Collared Inca, Flame-throated Sunangel, and Long-tailed Sylph
Overnight at the Casa Simpson at Tapichalaca. 

Tue & Wed, Jul 12 & 13:  
We'll be these 2 days at the Tapichalaca Reserve of the Jocotoco Foundation, for 2 full days. The reserve was established in 1998 to protect the habitat of the Jocotoco Antpitta, a species whose total population has remained at about 12 pairs since the species was discovered at Cerro Tapichalaca in 1997.
We will spend a full day birding the trails of Tapichalaca, starting with the Jocotoco Antpitta worm feeder. In addition to the Jocotoco Antpitta, other interesting birds that we'll have a chance to see are the Chestnut-naped Antpitta, Orange-banded Flycatcher, White-throated Quail-Dove, and White-capped Tanager. Overnights again at Casa Simpson. 

The Tapichalaca Reserve is located in the Zamora-Chinchipe Province just east of the Continental Divide on the east, or Amazonian, slope of the Andes, adjoining the southern portion of the Podocarpus National Park, and only a short distance north of the Peruvian frontier.
The size of the reserve is about 8,500 acres, and its altitude is from 1800 to 3400 meters above sea level. Much of it, at an altitude of 2200 to 2900 meters, is montane cloud forest. Temperatures are typically in the range of 10-20 degrees C.
The lower part of the reserve is subtropical Andean forest where temperatures are in 20-30 degree C. range.

In 2004, the reserve was extended on the west side of the Rio Valladolid/Rio Tapichalaca drainage. The new sector has been named the Christopher Parsons Forest in memory of the producer and director of the famous "Life on Earth" television series presented by David Attenborough. 
In 2009, the nearby Yacuri National Park was created, extending protection of the higher elevations in the area from the Podocarpus National Park all the way to the Peruvian border. This very remote area is now well buffered by the Tapichalaca Reserve, with all of the region containing an exceptionally rich and almost totally undisturbed montane forest, one of the finest in all of South America. 

This large, and now protected area is rich in species, with a high proportion of regional endemics with a very small geographic range. This applies of course to the birds, but also to mammals, amphibians and reptiles, and plants.
A survey of the amphibians and reptiles has found 34 species, of which 70 per cent are endemics, and about 50 per cent considered globally threatened. The Tapichalaca Tree Frog, Hyloscirtus tapichalaca, was discovered in 2001, and is not known to occur anywhere. Even in the reserve, it is known to be only a few sites. Research is also underway relating to some other potential new species.

Over 130 species of plants at Tapichalaca are classified as endemics, and as many as 90 per cent of them are designated in the Red Data Book as threatened.
Orchids are particularly abundant, with several hundred species, nearly all of them epiphytes.
One species, Bomarea longipes, was "lost" for nearly 130 years, but was then rediscovered in 2004 on the Cerro (ridge) Tapichalaca. That species had previously been known only from the first specimen found in 1876. Remarkably, that plant was rediscovered at the exact same site.

As to mammals, the forest at Tapichalaca supports important populations of the Mountain (or Woolly) Tapir and the Spectacled Bear, although it must be said that neither are easily seen.
Other threatened mammals include 7 vulnerable and 4 near-threatened species. Among such mammals, Puma, Andean Paca, Northern Pudu (a very small deer), and Andean Coati have all been seen close to the lodge where we will stay.

And here now, some more about the birds: the Tapichalaca forest is home to tremendous variety of Andean species, with more than 300 occurring regularly in, or immediately adjacent to the reserve.
Mixed flocks are a notable feature. And the species are of different species up and down the slopes. Of particular interest are the tanagers. Perhaps there is no other place with more of the gaudy, jay-like White-capped Tanager.
Dozens of hummingbirds constantly zoom around the feeders (as mentioned already).
13 species of birds are globally threatened or near-threatened. Among them, in addition to the Jocotoco Antpitta and some other species noted above, there are these:
Golden-plumed Parakeet, White-breasted Parakeet, Coppery-chested Jacamar, and Imperial Snipe, Masked Mountain-Tanager, Peruvian Antpitta, Greater Scythebill, Neblina Metaltail, and Masked Saltator.

In the Tapichalaca area, particularly in the Quebrada Honda section, there were historically some magnificent stands of Podocarpus trees. But from 1950 to 2000, most of them were removed due to their high value as timber. 
A very small number remain, but a positive note is that young trees are appearing naturally in the forest, although most are still not very high. Such natural regeneration is a part of the forest ecosystem, but also since 2005, there has been an active program with a large number of native tree seedlings being planted and growing in old pastures where the natural regeneration has been at a slow rate. 

A special thing for us at Tapichalaca is the worm-feeder in the forest for the Jocotoco Antpitta. That feature of the place was implemented so that visitors, who stay as we will be in the reserve, can have close-up views of a habituated pair of the birds, and usually their offspring, and sometimes one or two other antpitta species. 
Prior to this innovation, it was almost always necessary to use "tape play-back" to obtain a view that was not always satisfactory of a territorial bird. 
An unexpected bonus of this program has been that the abundance of food for this pair (as they are fed daily) has resulted in no less than 7 fledged birds in about 3 years, about double the expected productivity.
So, it can be an incredible show, with the very rare Jocotoco Antpitta literally at our feet! 

Thu & Fri, Jul 14 & 15:
We'll travel to Macara, with birding along the way where we see some interesting birds of the Tumbesian area, including Elegant Crescentchest, Loja Hummingbird, and Parrot-billed Seedeater
We'll be birding this day in the amazing forest of the Utuana Reserve
Birds at Utuana include montane Tumbesian endemics, including: the Jelski's Chat-Tyrant, Gray-headed AntbirdRufous-necked Foliage-gleaner, Piura Hemispingus, Bay-crowned Brush-Finch, and Black-cowled Saltator.  

The Utuana Reserve, also known as the "Bosque de Hanne", was established in 2001 to protect one of the last remnants of humid highland forest in southwestern Ecuador. In it, are several bird species with highly restricted ranges (noted in the previous paragraph).
The reserve was established in many of Hanne Bloch for her efforts to protect the last forests in southwestern Ecuador. She studied at the University of Copenhagen from 1989 to 1991, under the guidance of Jon Fjeldsa, the author and illustrator of the book, "Birds of the High Andes", published in 1990.
Hanne's work included the mapping of remaining forests and the cataloging of their wildlife in the southern Ecuadorian highlands near Loja. That work continued until her tragic death in a plane accident in 1998.

Before Utuana became a reserve, much of the forest in the area had been removed, and what remained was disappearing fast.
The land that is now a reserve was owned by a community of about one hundred families who depended on the forest for fuel and wood. The Jocotoco Foundation worked closely with the community, and the reserve came to be. Although it is small, only about 500 acres, it is an important remnant of tall forest with old moss-covered trees and dense thickets of Chusquea bamboo. Located in a generally dry region of Ecuador, Utuana gets much of its moisture from low-lying clouds. 
Utuana serves as an example that it is sometimes necessary to establish a reserve to protect very rare species or a unique habitat even if the protected area is small.

Two wonderful hummingbirds that regularly visit the feeders at Utuana are the Rainbow Starfrontlet and the Purple-throated Sunangel. Both are generally scarce hummingbirds with small and quite patchy distributions.          

Rainbow Starfrontlet

Traveling from the Utuana to the Jorupe Reserve, among the giant ceiba trees, we may see White-headed Brush-Finch, Tumbes Hummingbird, and Baird's Flycatcher.     
Overnights at the Urraca Lodge in the Jorupe Reserve.  

Sat & Sun, Jul 16 & 17:
At the Jorupe Reserve in the Tumbesian region of southwestern Ecuador, we'll be birding in deciduous forest for what are called the "Tumbesian endemics" unique to that region. 
Among the birds in that category, these: Gray-cheeked Parakeet, Gray-breasted Flycatcher, Loja Tyrannulet, Slaty Becard, Watkins Antpitta, Blackish-headed Spinetail, Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner, White-edged Oriole, Black-capped Sparrow, and, as darkness falls, the West Peruvian Screech Owl.
Jorupe is a very good place to see King Vulture. Overnights at the Urraca Lodge.

King Vulture

Opened in August 2009, the Urraca Lodge was built at a small clearing at the top of a ridge looking down the Jorupe Valley towards the mountains in Peru in the distance. Nowhere else is it possible to stay overnight in a Tumbesian dry tropical forest
Almost all of the Tumbesian endemic bird species in the reserve can be seen daily from the lodge, including the attractive White-tailed Jays after which the lodge is named.
The lodge has a centrally located dining room surrounded by open porches for viewing wildlife. A trail leads to the cabins in the forest, each with a spectacular view of the valley. 
The reserve has an extensive trail system through a number of different habitats and yet a few other habitats are readily reached by road.         

Mon, Jul 18:
Early in the morning, we'll do some final birding in the Jorupe Reserve, in the garden by the nearby road. Afterwards, we go on that road, and a few others, back to the Ecuadorian coastal lowlands, where we'll overnight, as we did earlier during the tour, in Machala.

Tue, Jul 19:
Travel in the morning from Machala to the Guayaqui airport, for our departure for home from Ecuador.

Price, in US dollars, based on double occupancy:


Single supplement: $375    


Price includes:

All overnight accommodations in comfortable hotels/lodges  
Meals, except those on Jul 6 & 19
Land transportation 
Entrance fees to reserves
Expert bilingual birding guide in addition to FONT leader 

Price does not include:

International flights to/from Ecuador
Airport departure tax (if required)
Meals on Jul 6 & 19  
Items of a personal nature, such as extra drinks, alcoholic beverages, snacks, laundry, phone calls 

A deposit of $500 will assure a place on the tour.