PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876 


during Focus On Nature Tours 

including tours in the 

Hummingbirds to Flycatchers 

Noting those found during
Focus On Nature Tours
with an (*) 

1991 thru 2015

during the months of February, April,
May, July, and August

Part 2 of a List of Ecuador Birds 
compiled by Armas Hill,
with some photos

There have been 21 FONT birding tours in Ecuador,
during which
over 1,100 species of birds have cumulatively been seen. 
Presently 1,637 species of birds are in this 4-part list. 

Photo at upper right: An Ecuadorian hummingbird called the SHINING SUNBEAM  
(photo by Larry O' Meallie)

Links to Groupings of Birds in this List:

Hummingbirds    Trogons   Kingfishers    Motmots    Jacamars    Puffbirds

Barbets    Toucans    Woodpeckers    Manakins    Cotingas & Becards    Flycatchers

Links to Other Parts of this Ecuador Bird List:

Part 1:  Tinamous to Swifts     Part 3:  Antshrikes to Woodcreepers     Part 4: Vireos to Grosbeaks


Indicating regions visited (as follows):

E:  East of the Andes 
az: Amazonian Ecuador  (including the areas of La Selva & Sacha Lodges along the Rio Napo) 
po: Podocarpus National Park (including the Rio Bombuscara area, near Zamora)
si: the area of "San Isidro" near Cosanga, on the east Andean slope  

nm: the areas of Nono Mindo Road and/or Mindo
po: Podocarpus National Park (including near Loja)

H: FOUND IN THE HIGH ANDES (mostly or always).
cu: Cuenca, west into the mountains to El Cajas
po: Podocarpus National Park (including the Cajanuma area)


Specific Locations:

BR:  Buenaventura Reserve (Umbrellabird Lodge)
CN:  Canande Reserve (Canande Lodge)
CP:  Copalinga cabins & restaurant, near Zamora in southeast Ecuador
JR:  Jorupe Reserve (Urraca Lodge)
TR:  Tapichalaca Reserve (Casa Simpson) 
UR:  Utuana Reserve
YR:  Yanacocha Reserve

These location codes are followed by:
c: common    fc: fairly common    u: uncommon    r: rare    vr: very rare 


h: heard only
(i): introduced
(t) a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
(t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally
(Ee): endemic to Ecuador
(Ge): endemic to the Galapagos
(Er):  rare in Ecuador

(ph): species with a photo in the FONT website 

A primary source for this list is the "The Birds of Ecuador - Status, Distribution, and Taxonomy"  by Robert S. Ridgely and Paul J. Greenfield, published in 2001.

More than 2,100 birds that have been found during FONT South America Birding Tours in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, & Venezuela. 

Additional Links: 

Birds of the Amazonian Region     Rare Birds of the Andes & Patagonia

A Complete List, in 2 parts, of all of the Hummingbirds, with some Photos

Mammals of South America  (with some photos)    Butterflies of South America  (with some photos)

Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in South America:
in Brazil, Ecuador, Venezuela     in Argentina, Chile

A Chronological List of all scheduled FONT birding & nature tours

Directory of Photos in this Web-site




  1. Rufous-breasted Hermit  (*) _____ E,az
    Glaucis hirsuta

  2. Bronzy Hermit _____  CN:u
    Glaucis aenea

  3. Pale-tailed Barbthroat  (*) _____ E  CP:u
    Threnetes niger

  4. Band-tailed Barbthroat  (*) (ph)  _____ W   BR:vr  CN:fc
    Threnetes ruckeri

  5. White-whiskered Hermit  (*) (ph)  _____ W   BR:c  CN:c
    Phaethornis yaruqui

    White-whiskered Hermit
    (photo by Larry O'Meallie)

  6. Green Hermit  (*) (ph)  _____ E   CP:c  TR:r
    Phaethornis guy

    Green Hermit
    (photo by Marie Grenouillet)

  7. Tawny-bellied Hermit  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,nm,si   BR:r  TR:u
    Phaethornis syrmatophorus

    Tawny-bellied Hermit
    (photo by Larry O'Meallie)

  8. Great-billed Hermit  (*) _____ E,az  CP:u
    Phaethornis malaris

    The Great-billed Hermit was part of the formerly-expanded Long-tailed Hermit.

  9. Baron's Hermit  (*)  _____ W   BR:fc  
    Phaethornis baroni

    The Baron's Hermit was part of the formerly-expanded Long-tailed Hermit.

  10. Straight-billed Hermit  (*) _____ E,az
    Phaethornis bourcieri

  11. White-bearded Hermit  (*) (ph)  _____  E,az
    Phaethornis hispidus

    White-bearded Hermit
    (photo by Larry O'Meallie)

  12. Reddish Hermit  (*) _____ E
    Phaethornis ruber

  13. Gray-chinned Hermit  _____   CP:un  JR:u
    Phaethornis griseogularis

  14. Stripe-throated Hermit  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az   BR:u  CN:u  
    Phaethornis striigularis

    The Stripe-throated Hermit was part of the formerly-expanded Little Hermit.

  15. Black-throated Hermit _____  
    Phaethornis atrimentalis 

    The Black-throated Hermit was part of the Little Hermit. 

  16. White-tipped Sicklebill  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,si   BR:u  CN:u  CP:u  TR:r
    Eutoxeres aquila

    White-tipped Sicklebill

  17. Buff-tailed Sicklebill  _____  CP:u(seasonal)
    Euloxeres condamini

  18. Tooth-billed Hummingbird _____  CN:u
    Androdon aequatorialis 

  19. Blue-fronted Lancebill _____
    Doryfera johannae

  20. Green-fronted Lancebill  (*) _____ W,E,nm,si   CP:u  TR:u
    Doryfera ludovicae

  21. Gray-breasted Sabrewing _____
    Campylopterus largipennis

  22. Lazuline Sabrewing  _____  E,si
    Campylopterus falcatus

  23. Napo Sabrewing  (nt)  _____
    Campylopterus villaviscensio 

    The Napo Sabrewing has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  24. White-necked Jacobin  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az,nm   BR:fc  CN:fc
    Florisuga mellivora

    Above: a male White-necked Jacobin
    during the FONT tour in Ecuador in April 2014
    Below: a female White-necked Jacobin
    during the FONT tour in Ecuador in April 2013 
    (photos by Marie Gardner)

  25. Sparkling Violetear  (*) (ph)  _____ W,H,E,cu,nm,po,si   BR:vr  CP:c(seasonal)  JR:fc(at higher elevation)  TR:r  UR:u  YR:u
    Colibri c. coruscans

    The Sparkling Violetear has a violet-blue "chin-strap", as in the photo below.

    Sparkling Violetear
    (photo by Marie Grenouillet) 

  26. Brown Violetear  (*) (ph)  _____  W,E,nm,si   BR:u  CP:u  JR:r
    Colibri delphinae

    A Brown Violetear during the FONT tour in Ecuador in April 2013,
    showing, obviously, the violet "ears".
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  27. Green Violetear  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,nm   CP:vr  TR:r  UR:r  YR:vr
    Colibri thalassinus cyanotus

  28. Black-throated Mango  (*) (ph)  _____  W  CR:r
    Anthracothorax n. nigricollis 
    (subspecies in eastern Ecuador)
    Anthracothorax nigricollis iridescens 
    (subspecies in western Ecuador)

  29. Fiery-tailed Awbill  _____
    Avocettula recurvirostris 

    The Fiery-tailed Awbill has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.   

  30. Violet-headed Hummingbird  (ph)  _____  CP:c
    Klais guimeti 

    Violet-headed Hummingbird
    (photo by Marie Grenouillet)

  31. Spangled Coquette  _____  CP:c
    Lophornis stictolophus

  32. Festive Coquette _____
    Lophornis chalyheus

  33. Rufous-crested Coquette  (Er) (ph)  ______
    Lophornis delattrei

    Rufous-crested Coquette
    (photo by Marie Grenouillet)

  34. Green Thorntail  (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm   BR:c  CN:u
    Popelairia conversii

    A male Green Thorntail photographed during the FONT tour 
    in Ecuador in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  35. Black-bellied Thorntail  (*) _____ E
    Popelairia langsdorffi

  36. Wire-crested Thorntail  (*) (ph)  _____  E,si  CP:c
    Popelairia popelairii

    A male Wire-crested Thorntail photographed during the FONT tour
    in Ecuador in April 2014.   Note the orange legs.
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  37. Blue-chinned Sapphire  (*) _____ E
    Chlorestes notatus

  38. Blue-tailed Emerald  (*) _____ E,az,po  CP:u
    Chlorostilbon mellisugus

  39. Western Emerald  (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm  
    Chlorostilbon melanohynchus

    The Western Emerald was part of the Blue-tailed Emerald (above).

    A female Western Emerald
    (photo by Larry O'Meallie)

  40. Fork-tailed Woodnymph  (*) _____ E,az,po  CP:c
    Thalurania furcata

  41. Green-crowned Woodnymph  (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm  CN:c
    Thalurania fannyi

    A Green-crowned Woodnymph photographed 
    during the FONT Ecuador tour in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  42. Emerald-bellied Woodnymph  (*) (ph)  _____   BR:c  JR:r(at higher elevation)
    Thalurania hypochlora 

    The Emerald-bellied Woodnymph has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  43. Violet-bellied Hummingbird  (*) (ph)  _____  W   BR:c  CN:vr
    Damophila julie

    A Violet-bellied Hummingbird photographed during 
    the FONT tour in Ecuador in July 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner) 

  44. Rufous-throated Sapphire _____
    Hylocharis sapphirina

  45. White-chinned Sapphire _____
    Hylocharis cyanus 

  46. Blue-headed Sapphire _____
    Hylocharis grayi

  47. Humboldt's Sapphire _____
    Hylocharis humboldtii 

    The Humboldt's Sapphire was part of the Blue-headed Sapphire (above).

  48. Golden-tailed Sapphire  (ph)  _____  CP:u
    Chrysuronia oenone

    Golden-tailed Sapphire
    (photo by Marie Grenouillet)

  49. Green-tailed Goldenthroat _____
    Polytmus theresiae

  50. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird   (*) (ph)  _____  W:nm   BR:c  CN:fc
    Amazilia tzacati

    A Rufous-tailed Hummingbird photographed during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013,
    of the subspecies Amazilia tzacati jucunda, the southernmost of the 5 subspecies. 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  51. Glittering-throated Emerald  (*) _____  E  CP:c
    Amazilia fimbriata

  52. Sapphire-spangled Emerald  (Er)  _____
    Amazilia lactea

  53. Blue-chested Hummingbird  (*) _____ CN:vr
    Amazilia amabilis

  54. Purple-chested Hummingbird _____  CN:fc
    Amazilia rosenbergi

  55. Amazilia Hummingbird  (*) (ph)  ______    BR:u  CP:vr  JR:c
    Amazilia amazilia

  56. Loja Hummingbird  (*) (ph)  _____  W,po  
    Amazilia (amazilia) alticola
    Amazilia (amazilia) azuay

    The Loja Hummingbird has been considered as part of the Amazilia Hummingbird (above), and by most authorities it still is.

    What has until recently been considered an undescribed subspecies (noted below) compounds the story. 
    Now, that subspecies is Amazilia (amazilia) azuay, with a whiter belly that other subspecies of the Amazilia (including the Loja) Hummingbird.  

    The geographic range of the "Loja Hummingbird", Amazilia (amazilia) alticola, is in southern Ecuador.
    It has a mostly rufous tail, although the central pair of rectrices are bronzy green above, sometimes making the tail, when viewed from above, appear green. 

    The bird in the photograph below is what was said in "The Birds of Ecuador" by Robert Ridgely and Paul Greenfield to be an undescribed race in the southern Azuay province, 
    Now it is Amazilia (amazilia) azuay. 
    It is with mainly white underparts, and with rufous confined to limited amount on the flanks.
    It differs from the Amazilia Hummingbird, Amazilia amazilia, and the Loja Hummingbird, Amazilia (amazilia) alticola, by is having upper tail coverts mostly rufous, and seemingly having a less extensive reddish pink bill coloration.
    The bird in the photo below was one of a few seen at the same site during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2014.

    (photo below, of Amazilia (amazilia) azuay, by Marie Gardner)

  57. Many-spotted Hummingbird  _____  CP:u
    Taphrospilus hypostictus

  58. Olive-spotted Hummingbird  (*) _____ E,az
    Leucippus chlorocercus

  59. Tumbes Hummingbird _____   JR:r
    Leucippus baeri

  60. Andean Emerald  (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm   BR:c  CN:r  TR:r
    Amazilia franciae

    An Andean Emerald photographed during the FONT tour
    in Ecuador in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  61. Ecuadorian Plumeleteer  (Ee) (*) (ph)  _____ W   BR:u  JR:r(at higher elevation)
    Chalybura intermedia 

    The Ecuadorian Plumeleteer was considered a disjunct population of the White-vented Plumeleteer, Chalybura buffonii.
    Now it is an Ecuadorian endemic, and it has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

    Ecuadorian Plumeleteer
    (photo by Larry O'Meallie)

  62. Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer _____  CN:vr
    Chalybura urochrysia

  63. Speckled Hummingbird  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,nm,si   CP:vr  JR:c(at higher elevation) TR:fc  UR:fc  YR:u
    Adelomyia melanogenys

    A Speckled Hummingbird photographed during
    the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  64. Gould's Jewelfront  (*) _____
    Heliodoxa aurescens

  65. Purple-bibbed Whitetip  (*) _____ W,nm   BR:r
    Urosticte benjamini

  66. Rufous-vented Whitetip  _____  E,si
    Urosticte ruficrissa

  67. Ecuadorian Piedtail  (t3)  _____  CP:vr
    Phlogophilus hemileucurus 

    The Ecuadorian Piedtail has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  68. Green-crowned Brilliant  (*) (ph)  _____  W   BR:c  CN:r
    Heliodoxa jacula jamesoni 
    (this subspecies geographically isolated from others, and nearly endemic to Ecuador)

    The Green-crowned Brilliant, Heliodoxa jacula jamesoni
    photographed during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2014
    (photo by Marie Gardner)  

  69. Fawn-breasted Brilliant  (*) _____ W,E,nm,po,si   BR:u  TR:fc
    Heliodoxa rubinoides

  70. Violet-fronted Brilliant  (*)  _____  E,si  CP:c
    Heliodoxa leadbeateri

  71. Empress Brilliant  (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm
    Heliodoxa imperatris

    The Empress Brilliant is a rare, little-known, and localized bird. In Ecuador, it occurs at the Los Bancos-Milpe IBA. The species occurs mostly in Colombia. It is classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

    Empress Brilliant
    (photo by Larry O'Meallie)

  72. Pink-throated Brilliant  (t3)  _____
    Heliodoxa gularis 

    The Pink-throated Brilliant has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.

  73. Black-throated Brilliant  (*)  _____  CP:u
    Heliodoxa schreibersii 

  74. Fiery Topaz _____
    Topaza pyra

  75. White-tailed Hillstar  (*) _____ W
    Urochroa bougueri

  76. Ecuadorian Hillstar  (*) (ph)  _____ H,cu
    Oreotrochilus chimborazo

    A female Ecuadorian Hillstar 
    (photo by Larry O'Mealie)

  77. Andean Hillstar _____   TR:r
    Oreotrochilus estella

  78. Giant Hummingbird  (*) _____ H,cu   YR:r
    Patagona gigas peruviana

  79. Shining Sunbeam  (*) (ph)  _____ H,cu,nm,po   TR:u  UR:u  YR:fc  
    Aglaeactis cupripennis

    A Shining Sunbeam photographed during
    the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013.
    Another was nearby on a nest.
    (photo by Marie Gardner)  
    Another photo of this species is at the top of this page.

  80. Mountain Velvetbreast  (*) _____ H,cu,nm,po   TR:u  UR:u  YR:u
    Lafresnaya lafresnayi

  81. Great Sapphirewing  (*) (ph)  _____  H,nm   TR:u  YR:c
    Pterophanes cyanopterus

    A Great Sapphirewing photographed during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013.
    This hummingbird is 6 inches in length. 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  82. Brown Inca  (*) _____ W,nm   BR:u  TR:u
    Coeligena wilsoni

  83. Bronzy Inca  (*) _____ E,si
    Coeligena coeligena

  84. Collared Inca  (*) (ph)  _____ W,H,E,nm,po,si   CP:vr  TR:c
    Coeligena t. torquata 
    (subspecies in eastern Ecuador)
    Coeligena torquata fulgidigula 
    (subspecies in western Ecuador)

    Collared Inca
    (photo by Larry O' Meallie)

  85. Sword-billed Hummingbird  (*) (ph)  _____ H,E,cu,nm,si   YR:u
    Ensifera ensifera

    Above: a Sword-billed Hummingbird feeding at a flower
    Below: another at a feeder, during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013
    (above photo by Larry O' Meallie, those below by Marie Gardner) 

  86. Buff-tailed Coronet  (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm   YR:vr
    Boissonneaua flavescens

    A Buff-tailed Coronet photographed during 
    the FONT tour in Ecuador in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  87. Chestnut-breasted Coronet  (*) (ph)  _____  W,E,si  BR:vr  CP:vr  TR:c
    Boissonneaua matthewsii

    A Chestnut-breasted Coronet photographed during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  88. Velvet-purple Coronet  (*) (ph)  _____  W   BR:vr
    Boissonneaua jardini 

    The Velvet-purple Coronet has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

    A Velvet-purple Coronet photographed during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  89. Buff-winged Starfrontlet  (*) (ph)  _____  H,po   TR:fc  YR:c
    Coeligena lutetiae 

    A Buff-winged Starfrontlet photographed during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)  

  90. Rainbow Starfrontlet  (*) (ph)  _____ H,cu,po   JR:u(at higher elevation)  UR:c
    Coeligena iris

    Rainbow Starfrontlet
    (photo by Larry O' Meallie)

  91. Purple-throated Sunangel  (*) ______ W,E,cu,po   UR:c
    Heliangelus viola

  92. Amethyst-throated Sunangel  (*) _____ E   TR:c
    Heliangelus amethrysticollis

  93. Flame-throated Sunangel _____   TR:c
    Heliangelus micraster

  94. Gorgeted Sunangel  (*) (ph)  _____ W,nm   BR:vr
    Heliangelus strophianus

    Gorgeted Sunangel
    (photo by Larry O' Meallie)

  95. Tourmaline Sunangel  (*) _____ E
    Heliangelus exortis

  96. Glowing Puffleg  (*) _____ W,E,po   TR:fc
    Eriocnemis vestitus

  97. Sapphire-vented Puffleg  (*) (ph)  _____ H,cu,nm   YR:c
    Eriocnemis luciani

    Sapphire-vented Puffleg
    (photo by Larry O' Meallie)

  98. Golden-breasted Puffleg  (*) _____ H   YR:fc
    Eriocnemis mosquera

  99. Black-breasted Puffleg  (t1) (Ee) (*) _____ H   YR:r
    Eriocnemis nigrivestis 

    The Black-breasted Puffleg was described in 1852, from Tumbasco in Ecuador. At that time, it was seemingly quite common as over 100 specimens went into museums. 
    More recently, the species was not seen from 1950 to 1980 when 3 were found. It was not until 1993 that it was located with some regularity on isolated forest ridges at Yanacocha on the slopes of Volcan Pichincha near Quito. Apparently the bird is not a resident there as it is absent between February and November, when it is believed to migrate to lower altitudes in search of flowering food plants.
    Charcoal production and slash-and-burn agriculture still threatens the very small population of the Black-breasted Puffleg in its restricted range. 

    The Black-breasted Puffleg has been classified as a critically endangered species in Ecuador.

  100. Black-thighed Puffleg  (nt)  _____
    Eriocnemis derbyi  

    The Black-thighed Puffleg has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  101. Emerald-bellied Puffleg  _____  E,si
    Eriocnemis alinae

  102. Turquoise-throated Puffleg  (t1)  _____
    Eriocnemis godini 

    The Turquoise-throated Puffleg has been classified as a critically endangered species in Ecuador. 

  103. Greenish Puffleg  _____  E,si   CP:vr  TR:u
    Haplophaedia aureliae

  104. Hoary Puffleg  (nt) (*) _____ W
    Haplophaedia lugens 

    The Hoary Puffleg has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  105. Booted Racket-tail  (*) (ph)  _____  W,E,nm   BR:r  CP:u  JR:fc(at higher elevation)  TR:r
    Ocreatus underwoodii

    A Booted Racket-tail photographed during 
    the FONT tour in Ecuador in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  106. Black-tailed Trainbearer  (*) _____ H,cu,nm   YR:u
    Lesbia victoriae

  107. Green-tailed Trainbearer  (*) _____ H,cu   UR:r  YR:r
    Lesbia nuna

  108. Violet-throated Metaltail  (t2) (Ee) (*) _____ W,cu
    Metallura baroni

    The highly localized and endangered Violet-throated Metaltail is known to be at only a few sites around the southern Ecuadorian city of Cuenca.
    The species has been classified as near-threatened in Ecuador.  

  109. Viridian Metaltail  (*) _____ H,cu,po   TR:vr
    Metallura williami

  110. Neblina Metaltail  (*) _____ H,po   TR:fc
    Metallura odomae

  111. Tyrian Metaltail  (*) _____ W,H,E,cu,nm,po,si   TR:r  YR:c
    Metallura tyrianthina

  112. Purple-crowned Fairy  (*) _____ W   BR:u  CN:fc
    Heliothryx barroti

  113. Black-eared Fairy  (*) (ph)  _____ E  CP:u
    Heliothryx aurita

    A Black-eared Fairy photographed during a FONT tour
    in southern Ecuador in April 2014
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  114. Long-billed Starthroat  (*) _____ W   BR:u  JR:fc
    Heliomaster l. longirostris 
    (subspecies in eastern Ecuador)
    Heliomaster longirostris albierissa 
    (subspecies in western & far-southern Ecuador)

  115. Rufous-capped Thornbill  (*) _____ E   TR:u
    Chalcostigma ruficeps

  116. Blue-mantled Thornbill  (*) (ph)  _____ H,cu
    Chalcostigma stanleyi

    Blue-mantled Thornbill
    (photo by Larry O' Meallie)

  117. Purple-backed Thornbill  (*) _____ H,po   YR:u
    Ramphomicron microrhynchum

  118. Rainbow-bearded Thornbill  (*) _____ H,po   TR:u  YR:u
    Chalcostigma herrani

  119. Mountain Avocetbill  (*) _____
    Opisthoprora euryptera

  120. Long-tailed Sylph  (*) _____ W,E,po,si   BR:vr  CP:vr  TR:fc
    Aglaiocercus kingi

  121. Violet-tailed Sylph  (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm   BR:fc
    Aglaiocercus coelestis

    A Violet-tailed Sylph photographed during 
    the FONT tour in Ecuador in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner) 

  122. Wedge-billed Hummingbird  (*) _____  W,E,nm,si
    Schistes geoffroyi

  123. Peruvian Sheartail  ______  UR:vr
    Thaumastura cora

  124. Amethyst Woodstar _____
    Calliphlox amethystina 

  125. Purple-throated Woodstar  (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm   BR:vr
    Calliphlox mitchellii

    A male Purple-throated Woodstar photographed 
    during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  126. Purple-collared Woodstar  (*) _____ H,po  UR:vr
    Myrtis f. fanny

  127. Short-tailed Woodstar  (*) _____ W   JR:r
    Myrmia micrura

  128. White-bellied Woodstar  (*) (ph)  _____  W,H,E,cu,nm,si   CP:u(seasonal)  JR:r  TR:fc  YR:r
    Chaetocercus mulsant

    A female White-bellied Woodstar photographed
    during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  129. Little Woodstar  (t3) (*) (ph)  _____ W   BR:vr  CP:u(seasonal)  JR:r
    Chaetocercus bombus

    During a FONT tour in Ecuador in July 1997, a nest was found of a Little Woodstar.

    The Little Woodstar is close to being the smallest bird in the world, from 2.36 to 2.75 inches in length.
    The nest of the Little Woodstar is little too: 1.35 inches high, with a depth in the cup of 0.66 inches, and an interior diameter of 0.65 inches.  

    The Little Woodstar has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.   

    A nest of the Little Woodstar (left photo); the bird (in right photo, indicated by an arrow) smaller than the leaves.
    During a FONT tour in western Ecuador in July 1997.
    The Little Woodstar, a species not commonly seen, is one of the smallest of all hummingbirds.

  130. Gorgeted Woodstar  (*)  _____  E,si
    Chaetocercus heliodor

  131. Esmeraldas Woodstar  (t2) (ph)  _____  W
    Chaetocercus berlepschi

    Until recently, very little has been known about the localized Esmeraldas Woodstar. In Ecuador, it is found in just a few Tumbesian IBAs (important bird areas). 
    The Esmeraldas Woodstar has been classified as an endangered species in Ecuador.

    An Esmeraldas Woodstar in the front yard at the home of a friend, Wilmer Quimis,
    near Puerto Lopez along the Ecuadorian coast. This photo was taken in March 2014.
    (photo by Wilmer Quimis)


  132. Golden-headed Quetzal  (*) (ph) _____  W,E,nm,si   BR:fc  CN:r  TR:fc  UR:r
    Pharomachrus auriceps

    Golden-headed Quetzal

  133. Crested Quetzal  (*) _____ W,E,si   BR:r  TR:r
    Pharomachrus antisianus

  134. Pavonine Quetzal _____
    Pharomachrus pavoninus

  135. Slaty-tailed Trogon  (*) (ph)  _____ W  CR:vr
    Trogon massena australis

  136. Black-tailed Trogon  (*) _____ E,az
    Trogon melanurus

  137. Ecuadorian Trogon  (*) (ph)  _____ W   BR:vr  JR:fc
    Trogon mesurus

    An Ecuadorian Trogon photographed during the
    FONT tour in Ecuador in July 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  138. Choco Trogon  (*) _____ CN:u   
    Trogon comptus 

    The Choco Trogon has been called the Blue-tailed Trogon, and later the White-eyed Trogon.

  139. Green-backed Trogon  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az   
    Trogon viridis

    The Green-backed Trogon was conspecific with the White-tailed Trogon.

  140. White-tailed Trogon  (*) _____ CN:c
    Trogon chionurus

  141. Collared Trogon  (*) _____ W,nm   BR:fc  CN:u  CP:u
    Trogon collaris

  142. Masked Trogon  (*) (ph)  _____  W,E,nm,si  BR:r  TR:u  YR:u
    Trogon personatus

    A female Masked Trogon photographed during 
    the FONT tour in Ecuador in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  143. Black-throated Trogon  (*) _____ W,E,az  CN:u
    Trogon rufus

  144. Blue-crowned Trogon  (*) (ph)  _____ E
    Trogon curucui 

  145. Amazonian Trogon  (*) _____ E,az 
    Trogon ramonianus 

    The Amazonian Trogon has been part of the Violaceous Trogon.

  146. Gartered Trogon  (ph)  _____   BR:u  CN:u  
    Trogon caligatus

    The Gartered Trogon has been part of the Violaceous Trogon.


  147. Ringed Kingfisher  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,az,nm   BR:r  CN:r  CP:u  JR:u
    Megaceryle torquata

  148. Belted Kingfisher  (Er) (ph)  ______  
    Megaceryle alcyon

    A Belted Kingfisher was seen at Darwin Bay, on Genovesa Is. in the Galapagos on November 14, 2012.   

  149. Amazon Kingfisher  (*) _____ E,az,po
    Chloroceryle amazona

  150. Green Kingfisher  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,az,nm   BR:r  CN:u  JR:r  TR:r
    Chloroceryle americana

  151. Green-and-rufous Kingfisher  (*) _____ E,az  CN:r
    Chloroceryle inda

  152. American Pygmy Kingfisher  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az  CN:vr
    Chloroceryle aenea


  153. Broad-billed Motmot  (*) _____ W,nm   BR:u  CN:fc
    Electron platyhynchum

  154. Rufous Motmot  (*) _____ W,nm   BR:fc  CN:fc
    Baryphthengus martii

  155. Amazonian Motmot  (*) (ph)  _____  E,az
    Momotus momota

    Momotus momota and the following species, Momotus subrufescens, have been part of an expanded Blue-crowned Motmot.
    The Blue-crowned Motmot, Momotus coeruliceps, is now endemic to Mexico.

  156. Whooping Motmot  (*) (ph) _____  BR:u  JR:fc
    Momotus subrufescens argenticinctus

    Another name for Momotus subrufescens is the Tawny-bellied Motmot.

    A Whooping Motmot photographed during the FONT tour
    in western Ecuador in July 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner) 

  157. Highland Motmot  (*) _____ E,si   CP:u  TR:r
    Momotus aequatorialis

    Momotus aequatorialis
    has also been called the Andean Motmot.
    By whatever name, Momotus aequatorialis is said by some to be conspecific with Momotus momota.  


  158. White-eared Jacamar  (*) _____ E,az
    Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis

  159. Brown Jacamar _____
    Brachygalba lugubris

  160. Yellow-billed Jacamar  (*) _____ E,az
    Galbula albirostris

  161. White-chinned Jacamar  (*) _____ E,az
    Galbula tombacea

  162. Bluish-fronted Jacamar  (Er)  ______
    Galbula cyanescens

    A Bluish-fronted Jacamar photographed near Paquisha on January 11, 2013 was said to be new for Ecuador.

  163. Rufous-tailed Jacamar  (*) (ph)  _____ CN:u
    Galbula ruficauda melanogenia 
    (this subspecies: the "Black-chinned Jacamar"

  164. Purplish Jacamar  (*) _____ E,az
    Galbula chalcothorax

  165. Coppery-chested Jacamar  (t3) (*) _____ E,po  CP:u
    Galbula pastazae

    The Coppery-chested Jacamar has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  166. Paradise Jacamar  _____
    Galbula dea

  167. Great Jacamar  (*) _____ E,az  CN:u
    Jacamerops aureus


  168. White-necked Puffbird  (*) _____ E,az  CN:r
    Notharchus macrorhynchos

  169. Black-breasted Puffbird _____
    Notharchus pectoralis

  170. Pied Puffbird _____  CR:r
    Notharchus tectus picatus 
    (subspecies in eastern Ecuador)
    Notharchus tectus subtectus 
    (subspecies in western Ecuador)

  171. Chestnut-capped Puffbird _____
    Bucco macrodactylus

  172. Spotted Puffbird _____
    Bucco tamatia

  173. Collared Puffbird _____
    Bucco capensis

  174. White-chested Puffbird  (*) _____ E,az
    Malacoptila fusca

  175. White-whiskered Puffbird  (*) _____ W   BR:u  CN:fc
    Malacoptila panamensis poliopis

  176. Barred Puffbird  (*) (ph)  _____ W   BR:r  CN:u
    Nystalus radiatus

    A Barred Puffbird photographed during the FONT Ecuador Tour in July 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  177. Striolated Puffbird _____
    Nystalus striolatus 

  178. Black-streaked Puffbird  (*) _____ E,po  CP:vr
    Malacoptila fulvogularis 

    The Black-streaked Puffbird has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.  

  179. Lanceolated Monklet _____  CN:r  CP:u
    Micromonacha lanceolata 

  180. Brown Nunlet  (*) _____ E,az
    Nonnula brunnea 

  181. Rusty-breasted Nunlet ____
    Nonnula rubecula

  182. White-faced Nunbird  (*) _____ E,az   TR:r
    Hapaloptila castanea 

    The White-faced Nunbird is a low-density resident of Andean slopes.  

  183. Black-fronted Nunbird  (*) _____ E,az
    Monasa n. nigrifrons

  184. White-fronted Nunbird  (*) _____ E,az
    Monasa morphoeus peruana

  185. Yellow-billed Nunbird  (*) _____ E
    Monasa flavirostris 

  186. Swallow-winged Puffbird  (*) _____ E,az
    Chelidoptera t. tenebrosa


  187. Scarlet-crowned Barbet  (*) _____ E,az
    Capito aurovirens 

  188. Orange-fronted Barbet  (nt) (*) _____  CN:c
    Capito squamatus 

  189. Five-colored Barbet _____
    Capito quinticolor

    The Five-colored Barbet has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.  

  190. Gilded Barbet  (*) _____ E,az   
    Capito auratus

    The Gilded Barbet was part of the Black-spotted Barbet.

  191. Lemon-throated Barbet  (*) _____ E,az
    Eubucco richardsoni

  192. Red-headed Barbet  (*) (ph)  _____  W,E,nm,si  CN:u  CP:u
    Eubucco bourcierri orientalis 
    (subspecies in eastern Ecuador)
    Eubucco bourcierri aequatorialis 
    (subspecies in western Ecuador)

  193. Toucan Barbet  (nt) (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm
    Semnornis r. ramphastinus

    The Toucan Barbet is one of the most characteristic endemics of the Choco cloud forests. It is classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.  

    All of the other barbets above are in the Family CAPITONIDAE.
    The Toucan Barbet is now placed in its own family, SEMNORNITHIDAE.  

    A Toucan Barbet photographed during the FONT tour in Ecuador in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)


  194. Emerald Toucanet  (*) (ph)  _____ E,si   CP:vr  TR:u
    Aulacorhynchus prasinus albivitta 
    (subspecies in northern Ecuador, with a white throat)
    Aulacorhynchus prasinus cyanolaemus 
    (subspecies in southern Ecuador, with a blue throat)

  195. Chestnut-tipped Toucanet  _____  CP:u
    Aulacorhynchus derbianus

  196. Crimson-rumped Toucanet  (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm  CN:r
    Aulacorhynchus haematopygus

    A Crimson-rumped Toucanet photographed during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013 
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  197. Yellow-eared Toucanet  _____  CN:vr
    Selenidera spectabilis

  198. Golden-collared Toucanet  (*) _____ E,az
    Selenidera r. reinwardtii

  199. Pale-mandibled Aracari  (Ee) (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm  CN:c
    Pteroglossus erythropygius

    A Pale-mandibled Aracari photographed during the FONT Ecuador Tour in July 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  200. Stripe-billed Aracari _____  CN:r
    Pteroglossus sanguineus

  201. Many-banded Aracari  (*) _____ E,az
    Pteroglossus pluricinctus

  202. Lettered Aracari  (*) _____ E,az
    Pteroglossus inscriptus

  203. Ivory-billed Aracari  (*) _____ E,az
    Pteroglossus azara flavirostris

  204. Chestnut-eared Aracari _____ E
    Pteroglossus castanotis

  205. Plate-billed Mountain Toucan  (nt) (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm   YR:vr
    Andigena laminirostris

    The Plate-billed Mountain Toucan has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

    Plate-billed Mountain-Tanager
    (photo by Mark Felber in April 2013 at the Bellevista Reserve)

  206. Black-billed Mountain Toucan  (*) _____ E,si   TR:r
    Andigena nigrirostris 

    The Black-billed Mountain Toucan has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  207. Gray-breasted Mountain Toucan  (nt) (*) _____ E,po   TR:u
    Andigena hypoglauca 

    The Gray-breasted Mountain Toucan has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.  

  208. Channel-billed Toucan  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az
    Ramphastos vitellinus culminatus 
    (this subspecies was known as the Yellow-ridged Toucan)

  209. Choco Toucan  (*) (ph)  _____ CN:fc
    Ramphastos brevis 

    A Choco Toucan photographed during the FONT tour in Ecuador in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner) 

  210. Chestnut-mandibled Toucan  (*) (ph)  _____ CN:fc 
    Ramphastos swainsonii 

    The Chestnut-mandibled Toucan is now said to be conspecific with the Black-mandibled Toucan (below).  

    A Chestnut-mandibled Toucan during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April-May 2014
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  211. Black-mandibled Toucan  (t3)  _____  E,si
    Ramphastos ambiguus 

    The Black-mandibled Toucan has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  212. White-throated Toucan  (*) _____ E,az  
    Ramphastos tucanus cuvieri

    Ramphastos tucanus cuvieri has been called the Cuvier's Toucan.  


  213. Rufous-breasted Piculet _____
    Picumnus rufiventris 

  214. Ecuadorian Piculet  (*) _____ W   JR:fc
    Picumnus sclateri

  215. Olivaceous Piculet  (*) _____ CN:u
    Picumnus olivaceus harterti

  216. Lafresnaye's Piculet  (*) _____ E,az,po   CP:c  TR:u  
    Picumnus lafresnayi

    The Lafresnaye's Piculet, in northwestern Amazonia, is now considered distinct from the Bar-breasted Piculet that occurs south of the Amazon. 

  217. Andean Flicker  (ph)  _____
    Colaptes rupicola

  218. Spot-breasted Woodpecker  _____  CP:vr
    Chrysoptilus punctigula

  219. Crimson-mantled Woodpecker  (*) (ph)  _____ W,H,E,nm,po,si   CP:vr  TR:fc  UR:c  YR:u
    Piculus rivolii

    Above & below: the Crimson-mantled Woodpecker
    The photo below in the Bellevista Reserve in April 2013.
    (photo below by Mark Felber) 

  220. Golden-olive Woodpecker  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,nm   JR:fc  CN:u  TR:u
    Piculus rubiginosus rubripileus

    A Golden-olive Woodpecker, of the subspecies Piculus rubiginosus rubripileus,
    photographed in the highlands of Ecuador during a FONT tour in April 2014
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  221. Yellow-throated Woodpecker  (*) _____ E,az
    Piculus flavigula

  222. White-throated Woodpecker _____
    Piculus leucolaemus

  223. Lita Woodpecker  (nt) _____  CN:u    
    Piculus litae

    The Lita Woodpecker has been considered by some as conspecific with the White-throated Woodpecker (above). 

    The Lita Woodpecker has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.  

  224. Golden-green Woodpecker  (*) _____ E
    Piculus chrysochloros

  225. Chestnut Woodpecker  (*) _____ E,az
    Celeus elegans

  226. Scale-breasted Woodpecker  (*) _____ E,az
    Celeus grammicus

  227. Cinnamon Woodpecker  (*) _____ CN:fc
    Celeus loricatus

  228. Cream-colored Woodpecker  (*) _____ E,az
    Celeus flavus

  229. Rufous-headed Woodpecker _____
    Celeus spectabilis

  230. Ringed Woodpecker _____
    Celeus torquatus

  231. Lineated Woodpecker  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,az   CN:fc  CP:c  JR:u
    Dryocopus l. lineatus 
    (subspecies in eastern Ecuador)
    Dryocopus lineatus fuscipennis 
    (subspecies in western Ecuador)

  232. Yellow-tufted Woodpecker  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az  CP:u
    Melanerpes cruentatus

    Yellow-tufted Woodpecker

  233. Black-cheeked Woodpecker  (*) (ph)  _____ W,nm  CN:c
    Melanerpes pucherani

  234. Smoky-brown Woodpecker  (*) _____ W,E,nm,si   TR:fc  UR:r
    (formerly Veniliornis) fumigatus

  235. Scarlet-backed Woodpecker  (*) _____ W   CN:u  JR:fc
    Veniliornis callonotus

  236. Yellow-vented Woodpecker  (*) _____ E,si   TR:u
    Veniliornis dignus

  237. Little Woodpecker  (*) _____ E,az  CP:c
    Veniliornis passerinus agilis 

  238. Red-stained Woodpecker  (*) _____
    Veniliornis a. affinis 

  239. Choco Woodpecker  (nt)  _____  CN:u
    Veniliornis chocoensis 

    The Choco Woodpecker has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  240. Red-rumped Woodpecker  (*) _____ W,nm  CN:fc
    Veniliornis kirkii

  241. Bar-bellied Woodpecker  (*) _____ E,si   TR:u  YR:u
    Veniliornis nigriceps

  242. Crimson-crested Woodpecker  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az,si
    Campephilus melanoleucos

  243. Guayaquil Woodpecker  (nt) (*) (ph)  _____  W,nm   CN:u  JR:u
    Campephilus gayaquilensis 

    A Guayaquil Woodpecker flying from a tree,
    (photo by Marie Gardner during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013)

  244. Red-necked Woodpecker _____
    Campephilus rubricollis

  245. Powerful Woodpecker  (*) _____ W,E,nm,si   TR:u  YR:r
    Campephilus pollens

  246. Crimson-bellied Woodpecker  (*) _____ E,az   CN:r  TR:r
    Campephilus haematogaster 

    MANAKINS & Allies

  247. Golden-headed Manakin  (*) ____ E,az  CP:vr
    Pipra erythrocephala

  248. Red-capped Manakin  (ph)  _____   BR:vr  CN:fc
    Pipra mentalis 

  249. White-crowned Manakin  (*) ____ E,az  CP:fc(seasonal)
    Dixiphia pipra

  250. Blue-crowned Manakin  (*) ____ E,az  CN:fc
    Lepidothrix coronata

  251. Wire-tailed Manakin  (*) (ph)  ____ E,az
    Pipra filicauda

  252. Blue-backed Manakin  (*) ____ E,az
    Chiroxiphia pareola

  253. Blue-rumped Manakin  (nt) (*) ____ E,po  CP:vr
    Lepidothrix isidorei

  254. Golden-winged Manakin  (*) ____ W,E,nm,si   BR:u  CN:u
    Masius chrysopterus

  255. White-bearded Manakin  (*) (ph)  ____ W   BR:u  CN:c
    Manacus manacus

  256. Orange-crested Manakin  (Ee) (*) ____ E,az
    Heterocercus aurantiivertex

  257. Western Striped Manakin  (*) ____ E,az  CP:u(seasonal)
    Machaeropterus striolatus

  258. Club-winged Manakin  (*) ____ W,nm   BR:fc
    Machaeropterus deliciosus

  259. Green Manakin  (*) ____ CN:u  CP:u
    Cryptopipo holochlora 
    (was Xenopipo holochlora)

  260. Jet Manakin ____
    Chloropipo unicolor

  261. Yellow-headed Manakin  (nt)  ____
    Chloropipo flavicapilla 

    The Yellow-headed Manakin has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.

  262. Dwarf Tyranneutes (*) ____ E 
    Tyanneutes stolzmanni

    Tyranneutes stolzmanni
    was called the Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin.

  263. Wing-barred Piprites  (*) ____ E,az  CP:vr
    Piprites chloris

  264. Thrush-like Schiffornis  (Er)  ____  BR:r  CN:u
    Schiffornis turdina amazonum

    What was the Thrush-like Schiffornis in Central & South America has been split into 5 species, three of which occur in Ecuador:
    Schiffornis turdina, still called the Thrush-like Schiffornis, rare in lowland Amazonian Ecaudor
    Schiffornis aenea, the Foothill Schiffornis (below), between 900 & 1700 meters, or 2700 to 5,000 feet above sea level in the eastern foothills of the Andes, and
    Schiffornis veraepacis, the Northern Schiffornis (below), in western Ecuador mostly in the choco region         

  265. Foothill Schiffornis  (*)  _____  E  
    Schiffornis aenea

  266. Northern Schiffornis  (*)  ______  W  BR:r  CN:u
    Schiffornis veraepacis rosenbergi

  267. Varzea Schiffornis  (*) ____  E,az 
    Schiffornis major   

    Schiffornis major
    was called the Greater Manakin. 

  268. Broad-billed Sapayoa  (*) ____  CR:u
    Sapayoa aenigma 

    The Broad-billed Sapayoa has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 


  269. Andean Laniisoma  (t3) (*)  _____  E
    Laniisoma buckleyi

    Laniisoma buckleyi
    is the western population of the former "Shrike-like Cotinga". That species has also been called the Elegant Mourner.

    The Andean Laniisoma has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  270. Blue Cotinga ____
    Cotinga nattererii

  271. Spangled Cotinga  (*) ____ E,az
    Cotinga cayana

  272. Plum-throated Cotinga  (*) ____ E,az
    Cotinga maynana

  273. Purple-throated Cotinga  (*) ____ E,az
    Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema

  274. Pompadour Cotinga ____
    Xipholena punicea

  275. Black-tipped Cotinga ____  CN:fc  
    Carpodestes hopkei

    Carpodestes hopkei
    has also been called the White Cotinga. It is classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  276. Red-crested Cotinga  (*)  _____  W,H,E,cu,nm,si  UR:u  YR:u
    Ampelion rubrocristatus

  277. Chestnut-crested Cotinga  (Er)  ____   TR:r  
    Ampelion rufaxilla

    The Chestnut-crested Cotinga is rare and very local in Ecuador.

  278. Chestnut-bellied Cotinga  (t3)  ____
    Doliornis remseni 

    The Chestnut-bellied Cotinga was described as a new species in 1994. It is classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.

  279. Green-and-black Fruiteater  (*) ____ W,E,nm,si   CP:vr  TR:fc
    Pipreola riefferii

  280. Barred Fruiteater  (*) ____ H,E,po,si   TR:fc  YR:u
    Pipreola arcuata

  281. Black-chested Fruiteater  ____  E,si
    Pipreola lubomirskii 

    The Black-chested Fruiteater has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  282. Orange-breasted Fruiteater ____
    Pipreola jucunda

  283. Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater  ____  CP:vr
    Pipreola frontalis

  284. Scaled Fruiteater  (nt) (*) ____  W,E,nm,si   BR:u
    Ampelioides tschudii

  285. Fiery-throated Fruiteater  (nt) (*) ____ E,po  CP:u
    Pipreola chlorolepidota 

    The Fiery-throated Fruiteater has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  286. White-browed Purpletuft  (*) ____ E,az
    Indopleura isabellae

  287. Cinereous Mourner ____
    Laniocera hypopyrra

  288. Speckled Mourner ____  CN:r
    Laniocera rufescens 

    The Speckled Mourner has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  289. Screaming Piha  (*) ____ E,az
    Lipaugus vociferans

  290. Dusky Piha  (*) ____ E,si   TR:u
    Lipaugus fuscocinereus

  291. Rufous Piha ____  CR:fc
    Lipaugus unirufus

  292. Olivaceous Piha  (*) ____ W,E,nm,si   TR:r
    Lathria cryptolophus

  293. Gray-tailed Piha  (nt)  ____
    (formerly Lathria) subalaris 

    The Gray-tailed Piha has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  294. Yellow-cheeked Becard ____  CP:vr
    Pachyramphus xanthogenys

  295. Barred Becard  (*) ____ E,po,si   TR:u  YR:r
    Pachyramphus versicolor 

  296. Cinnamon Becard  (*) ____ W,nm   BR:vr  CN:fc
    Pachyramphus cinnamomeus

  297. One-colored Becard  (*) (ph)  ____  W   BR:u  CN:u  CP:vr  JR:c
    Platypsaris homochrous

    A female One-colored Becard photographed
    during the FONT tour in Ecuador in July 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  298. Crested Becard ____   TR:vr
    Platypsaris validus
  299. Slaty Becard  (t2) (*) ____ W   JR:u
    Pachyramphus spodiurus

    The Slaty Becard is endemic to dry Tumbesian forests. It is classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  300. Chestnut-crowned Becard ____
    Pachyramphus castaneus

  301. Pink-throated Becard  (*) ____ E,az
    Platypsaris minor

  302. Black-and-white Becard  (*) ____ W,E,nm,si   BR:u  CN:r  CP:u  JR:fc  TR:vr
    Pachyramphus albogriseus

  303. White-winged Becard  (*) ____ W,E,az
    Pachyramphus polychopterus

  304. Black-capped Becard  (*) ____
    Pachyramphus marginatus

  305. Black-tailed Tityra  (*) ____ E,az,po
    Tityra cayana

  306. Masked Tityra  (*) ____ W,E,nm,az   BR:r  CN:fc  CP:fc
    Tityra semifasciata

  307. Black-crowned Tityra  (*) ____ W,E,az  CN:u
    Tityra inquisitor

  308. Purple-throated Fruitcrow  (*) ____ E,az  CN:fc
    Querrula purpurata

  309. Bare-necked Fruitcrow  (*) ____ E,az
    Gymnoderus foetidus

  310. Red-ruffed Fruitcrow ____  CN:vr
    Pyroderus scutatus occidentalis

  311. Amazonian Umbrellabird  (*) ____ W,az,po
    Cephalopterus ornatus

  312. Long-wattled Umbrellabird  (t3) (*) (ph)  ____ W   BR:u  CN:u
    Cephalopterus penduliger 

    The Long-wattled Umbrellabird has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.

    Long-wattled Umbrellabird

  313. Black-necked Red Cotinga ____
    Phoenicircus nigricollis 

    The Black-necked Red Cotinga is classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.  

  314. Andean Cock-of-the-Rock  (*) (ph)  ____ W,E,nm,po,si   CP:u  TR:r
    Rupicola peruviana

    Above: a male Andean Cock-of-the-Rock
    Below: a female photographed during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013
    (photo below by Marie Gardner) 

  315. Ringed Antpipit ____ E
    Corythopis torquata sarayacuensis

  316. Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant  (*) (ph)  _____  H,po
    Agriornis montana

    Above & below: Black-billed Shrike-Tyrants photographed 
    during the FONT tour in Ecuador in April 2013.
    Below, an adult with a young bird at a nest,
    at a hotel where we stayed during that tour.
    (photos by Marie Gardner)

  317. White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant  (t3) (*) _____ E
    Agriornis andicola 

    The White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador. 

  318. Paramo Ground Tyrant  (*) _____ H,cu,po 
    Muscisaxicola alpina 

    The Paramo Ground Tyrant was conspecific with the more-southerly Plain-capped Ground Tyrant.

  319. White-browed Ground Tyrant  (ph)  _____
    Muscisaxicola albilora

  320. Spot-billed Ground Tyrant  (*) _____ W,po
    Muscisaxicola maculirostris

  321. Little Ground Tyrant  (Er)  ____  
    Muscisaxicola fluviatilis 

    The Little Ground Tyrant is rare in Ecuador.

  322. Dark-faced Ground Tyrant  (Er)  ______
    Muscisaxicola macloviana

  323. Short-tailed Field Tyrant  (*) _____ W   JR:r
    Muscigralla brevicauda

  324. Streak-throated Bush Tyrant  (*) _____ H,nm,po   TR:r  UR:u  YR:u
    Myiotheretes striaticollis

  325. Smoky Bush Tyrant  (*) _____ W,H,E,nm,po,si   TR:u  YR:u
    Myiotheretes fumigatus

  326. Red-rumped Bush Tyrant  (*) _____ H,cu   YR:vr
    Cnemarchus erythropygius

  327. Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant  (*) _____ H,cu,nm,po   TR:fc  YR:fc
    Ochthoeca fumicolor

  328. White-browed Chat-Tyrant ____
    Ochthoeca leucophrys

  329. Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant  (*) _____ H,E,po,si   TR:fc  UR:r  YR:u
    Ochthoeca rufipectoralis

  330. Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant  (*) _____ W,E,nm,po,si   TR:u
    Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris

  331. Crowned Chat-Tyrant  (*) _____ W,nm,po   TR:fc  YR:fc
    Ochthoeca frontalis

  332. Jelski's Chat-Tyrant ____   UR:u
    Ochthoeca jelskiii 

  333. Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant  (*) _____ W,E,nm   TR:fc
    Ochthoeca diadema

  334. Tumbes Tyrant  (Er)  ______
    Tumbesia salvini 
    (the single member of its genus)

    The Tumbes Tyrant has been a Peruvian endemic, restricted to the northwest part of that country. The first record of the species in Ecuador occurred on December 27, 2008 when one was discovered in Loja province (in far-southern Ecuador), not far from Peru and not far from where Tumbesia salvini occurs in that country.   

  335. Black Phoebe  (*) _____ W,H,E,cu,nm,po,si   BR:r  JR:u  TR:u
    Sayornis nigricans angustirostris

  336. Rufous-tailed Tyrant ____   CP:r  TR:u
    Knipolegus poecilurus

  337. Riverside Tyrant ____
    Knipolegus orenocensis

  338. Amazonian Black Tyrant ____
    Knipolegus poecilocercus

  339. Long-tailed Tyrant  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az,po  CN:fc  CP:vr
    Colonia colonus leuconotus 
    (subspecies in western Ecuador)
    Colonia colonus fuscicapillus 
    (subspecies in eastern Ecuador)
    Colonia colonus niveiceps 
    (subspecies in far-southern Ecuador, recently noted)

  340. Masked Water-Tyrant  (*) _____ CN:u
    Fluvicola nengeta atripennis 

  341. White-headed Marsh Tyrant  (Er)  ______
    Arundinicola leucocephala

    What was said to be the first record of the White-headed Marsh Tyrant in Ecuador was a male on August 1, 1990 on an open, grassy Rio Napo island near La Selva.
    A female was reported downriver on December 29, 1995.
    Those birds were presumed to be wandering individuals from northeastern Peru.    

  342. Vermilion Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  _____ W,H,po   JR:r
    Pyrocephalus rubinus piurae

  343. Darwin's Flycatcher  (*) ____ G  
    Pyrocephalus nanus 

    The Darwin's Flycatcher was part of the Vermilion Flycatcher (above). 

  344. Drab Water Tyrant  (*) _____ E,az
    Ochthornis littoralis

  345. Eastern Sirystes  (*) _____ E,az
    Sirystes sibilator

  346. Western Sirystes ____  CR:r
    Sirystes albogrisens

  347. Fork-tailed Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az  
    Tyrannus s. savana

    The Fork-tailed Flycatcher is an austral migrant. 

  348. Eastern Kingbird  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az,si
    Tyrannus tyrannus 

  349. Tropical Kingbird  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,az,nm,po,si   BR:fc  CN:fc  CP:c  JR:fc  TR:u
    Tyrannus m. melancholicus

  350. Snowy-throated Kingbird  (*) _____ W,nm   BR:vr  CN:r  JR:r
    Tyrannus niveigularis

  351. White-throated Kingbird  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az
    Tyrannus albogularis

  352. Sulphury Flycatcher  (*) _____ E,az
    Tyrannopsis sulphurea 

  353. Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher  (*) _____ E
    Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocistatus

  354. Variegated Flycatcher  (*) _____ E,az
    Empidonomus varius

  355. Piratic Flycatcher  (*) _____ E,az   BR:u  CN:u  CP:c(seasonal)
    Legatus l. leucophaius

  356. Lemon-browed Flycatcher  (t3) (*) _____ E,po   TR:r
    Conopias cinchoneti

  357. White-ringed Flycatcher ____  CN:u
    Conopias albovittata

  358. Three-striped Flycatcher ____
    Conopias trivirgata

  359. Boat-billed Flycatcher  (*) _____ W,E,az   BR:u  CN:u  JR:fc
    Megarynchus pitangua

  360. Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher  (*) _____ E,az
    Myiodynastes luteiventris

  361. Streaked Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,az,nm   BR:u  CN:u  JR:fc
    Myiodynastes maculatus

  362. Baird's Flycatcher  (*) _____ W   JR:u
    Myiodynastes bairdii

  363. Golden-crowned Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,nm,si   BR:u  TR:r
    Myiodynastes chrysocephalus

    A Golden-crowned Flycatcher photographed 
    during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)  

  364. Rusty-margined Flycatcher  (*) _____ W,nm   BR:r  CN:c
    Myiozetetes cayanensis

  365. Gray-capped Flycatcher  (*) _____ E,az  CN:u
    Myiozetetes grandensis

  366. Social Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  _____ W,E,az,nm,po   BR:u  CN:u  CP:c  JR:u  TR:u  UR:u
    Myiozetetes similis

  367. Dusky-chested Flycatcher  (*) _____ E
    Myiozetetes luteiventris

  368. Lesser Kiskadee  (*) _____ E,az
    (formerly Pitangus) l. lictor

  369. Great Kiskadee  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az  CP:vr
    Pitangus s. sulphuratus

  370. Bright-rumped Attila  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az  CN:r
    Attila speadiceus 

  371. Citron-bellied Attila ____
    Attila citriniventris 

  372. Cinnamon Attila  (*) _____ E,az
    Attila cinnamomeus

  373. Ochraceous Attila  (t3) (*) _____ W   BR:u  CN:r  UR:r
    Attila torridus 

    The Ochraceous Attila has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.

  374. Grayish Mourner ____
    Rhytipterna simplex

  375. Rufous Mourner ____  CN:u
    Rhytipterna holerythra

  376. Short-crested Flycatcher  (*) _____ E,az  CP:c
    Myiarchus ferox

  377. Sooty-crowned Flycatcher  (*) _____ W   JR:u
    Myiarchus phaeocephalus

  378. Pale-edged Flycatcher  (*) _____ E,si   TR:u
    Myiarchus cephalotes

  379. Dusky-capped Flycatcher  (*) (ph) _____ W,E,az,nm   BR:fc  CN:u  JR:fc  TR:fc  UR:c
    Myiarchus tuberculifer

  380. Galapagos Flycatcher  (Ge) (*) ____ G  
    Myiarchus magnirostris

    Myiarchus magnirostris
    has also been called the Large-billed Flycatcher.

  381. Swainson's Flycatcher  (*) _____ E,az
    Myiarchus swainsoni

  382. Great Crested Flycatcher  (ph)  ____  CN:vr
    Myiarchus crinitus

  383. Panama Flycatcher  (Er)  ______
    Myiarchus panamensis

    A Panama Flycatcher near San Lorenzo on December 16, 2012 was said to be a first record for Ecuador.

  384. Acadian Flycatcher ____   BR:u  CN:fc  YR:vr
    Empidonax virescens

  385. Alder Flycatcher ____
    Empidonax alnorum

  386. Willow Flycatcher ____
    Empidonax traillii

  387. Eastern Wood Pewee  (*) (ph)  _____ E,az  CN:r  CP:c(seasonal)
    Contopus virens

  388. Western Wood Pewee  (*) ____ W,E,si   BR:vr  CN:fc  CP:c(seasonal)  JR:r(at higher elevation)
    Contopus sordidulus

  389. Tumbes Pewee  (*) ____ W   BR:r  JR:u 
    Contopus punensis 

    The Tumbes Pewee was part of the Tropical Pewee.

  390. Blackish Pewee ____
    Contopus nigrescens

  391. Smoke-colored Pewee  (*) _____ W,E,nm,si   BR:fc  JR:fc(at higher elevation)  TR:fc  UR:u
    Contopus fumigatus

  392. Olive-sided Flycatcher  (nt) (*) _____ W,E,si   BR:u  CN:u  CP:c(seasonal)  JR:r
    Contopus cooperi

  393. Northern Tufted Flycatcher _____  CN:u
    Mitrephanes phaeocercus

  394. Cliff Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  ____ E,po,si
    Hirundinea ferruginea sclateri

  395. Cinnamon Flycatcher  (*) ____ W,E,nm,po,si   TR:fc
    Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea

  396. Flavescent Flycatcher  (*) ____ W,E,nm,po   TR:u
    Myiophobus flavicans

  397. Cinnamon Neopipo (*) ____  
    Neopipo cinnamomea 

    The Cinnamon Neopipo was called the Cinnamon Tyrant-Manakin, and prior to that the Cinnamon Manakin.  

  398. Ornate Flycatcher  (*) ____ W,nm,po   BR:fc  CN:u
    Myiotriccus ornatus

  399. Orange-crested Flycatcher ____   BR:vr
    Myiophobus phoenicomitra

  400. Roraiman Flycatcher ____
    Myiophobus roraimae

  401. Olive-chested Flycatcher ____  E,si   CP:vr  TR:u
    Myiophobus cryptoxanthus

  402. Handsome Flycatcher  (*) ____ E,si
    Myiophobus pulcher

  403. Orange-banded Flycatcher  (nt) (*) ____   TR:fc
    Myiophobus lintoni 

    The Orange-banded Flycatcher has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  404. Bran-colored Flycatcher  (*) ____ W,nm   BR:fc  CN:u  JR:fc
    Myiophobus fasciatus

  405. Brownish Twistwing  (*) ____ E   BR:r  CN:r
    Cnipodectes subbrunneus

  406. Euler's Flycatcher  (*) ____ E,az  CP:vr
    Lathrotriccus euleri

  407. Fuscous Flycatcher  (*) ____ E
    Cnemotriccus fuscatus

  408. Gray-breasted Flycatcher  (t3) (*) ____ W
    Lathrotriccus griseipectus

    The Gray-breasted Flycatcher has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador. 

  409. Tawny-breasted Myiobius  (*) ____ W,E,nm,si  CP:vr
    Myiobius villosus 

    Myiobius villosus
    has been called the Tawny-breasted Flycatcher. 

  410. Sulphur-rumped Myiobius ____   BR:fc  CR:u  
    Myiobius sulphureipygius

    Myiobius sulphureipygius
    has been called the Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher.  

  411. Whiskered Myiobius  (*) ____ E,az 
    Myiobius barbatus

    Myiobius barbatus
    has been called the Whiskered Flycatcher.

  412. Black-tailed Myiobius  (*) ____ W   BR:u  
    Myiobius atricaudus

    Myiobius atricaudus
    has been called the Black-tailed Flycatcher.

  413. Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher ____  CN:u  CP:u
    Tereno triccus erythrurus

  414. Amazonian Royal Flycatcher ____
    Onychorhynchus coronatus

  415. Pacific Royal Flycatcher  (t3) (*) ____ W   BR:r
    Onychorhynchus occidentalis

    The Pacific Royal Flycatcher has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.

  416. White-throated Spadebill  (*) ____ W,nm   BR:u  CN:vr
    Platyrinchus mystaceus

  417. Golden-crowned Spadebill  _____  CN:fc
    Platyrinchus coronatus

  418. Cinnamon-crested Spadebill ____
    Platyrinchus saturatus

  419. Yellow-throated Spadebill ____
    Platyrinchus flavigularis 

    The Yellow-throated Spadebill has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  420. White-crested Spadebill ____
    Platyrinchus platyrhynchos

  421. Yellow-olive Flatbill  (*) ____ W   CP:u  JR:c  
    Tolmomyias sulphurescens

    Tolmomyias sulphurescens
    has been called the Yellow-olive Flycatcher.

  422. Gray-crowned Flatbill (*) ____ E,az  
    Tolmomyias poliocephalus

    Tolmomyias poliocephalus
    has been called the Gray-crowned Flycatcher.

  423. Yellow-margined Flatbill  (*) ____ CN:fc   
    Tolmomyias flavotectus

    Tolmomyias flavotectus
    has been called the Yellow-margined Flycatcher.

  424. Orange-eyed Flatbill ____
    Tolmomyias traylori

  425. Zimmer's Flatbill ____  
    Tolmomyias assimilis

    The Zimmer's Flatbill was part of the Yellow-margined Flycatcher, now Flatbill.

  426. Olive-faced Flatbill  (*) ____  CP:u
    Tolmomyias viridiceps

    Tolmomyias viridiceps
    was called the Yellow-breasted Flycatcher. 

  427. Pacific Flatbill  (*) ____ W,nm  CN:fc 
    Rhynchocyclus pacificus

    The Pacific Flatbill was part of the Eye-ringed Flatbill. 

  428. Fulvous-breasted Flatbill ____  E,si   TR:r
    Rhynchocyclus fulvipectus

  429. Rufous-tailed Flatbill ____
    Ramphotrigon ruficauda

  430. Dusky-tailed Flatbill ____
    Ramphotrigon fuscicauda 

  431. Large-headed Flatbill ____
    Ramphotrigon megacephala 

  432. Olivaceous Flatbill  (*) ____
    Rhynchocyclus olivaceus

  433. Black-and-white Tody-Flycatcher ____
    Poecilotriccus capitalis

  434. Golden-winged Tody-Flycatcher ____  CP:vr
    Poecilotriccus calopterus

  435. Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher ____  E,si
    Poecilotriccus latirostris

  436. Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher  (*) ____ W   BR:r  CN:fc
    Todirostrum nigriceps

  437. Common Tody-Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  ____  W,E,az   BR:fc  CN:fc  CP:c  JR:c  TR:u
    Todirostrum cinereum peruanum 
    (subspecies in eastern Ecuador)
    Todirostrum cinereum sclateri 
    (subspecies in western Ecuador)

    Two views of a Common Tody-Flycatcher,
    during the FONT Ecuador Tour in April 2014
    (photos by Marie Gardner) 

  438. Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher  (*) ____ E,az
    Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum

  439. Spotted Tody-Flycatcher  (*) ____
    Todirostrum maculatum

  440. White-eyed Tody-Tyrant ____   
    Hemitriccus zosterops 

    The White-eyed Tody-Tyrant is now considered distinct from the White-bellied Tody-Tyrant that occurs south of the Amazon in Brazil.

  441. Johannes's Tody-Tyrant ____
    Hemitriccus iohannis

  442. Black-throated Tody-Tyrant  (*) ____   TR:fc
    Hemitriccus granadensis

  443. Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant  (nt)  ____
    Hemitriccus rufigularis

  444. Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant  (t3)  ____
    Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus 

    The Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant has been classified as a vulnerable species in Ecuador.

  445. Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher  (*) ____ E,si   UR:u  
    Poecilotriccus ruficeps

    The Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher has been called the Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant.

  446. Short-tailed Pygmy Tyrant ____
    Myiornis ecaudatus

  447. Black-capped Pygmy Tyrant  _____  CN:fc
    Myiornis atricapillus

  448. White-bellied Pygmy Tyrant  (Er)  ______
    Myiornis albiventris

    The White-bellied Pygmy Tyrant is uncommon in Peru & Bolivia, where it found locally along the east base of the Andes and outlying ridges.
    Prior to December 14, 2010, the northernmost location known for the species was in the foothills in the department of San Martin in Peru.
    On the date just noted, Myoornis albiventris was found in Ecuador for the first time in remote southeastern Ecuador, along a new road to Shime, in Zamora-Chincipe, in an area with a bird much sought after, the Orange-throated Tanager.  

  449. Scale-crested Pygmy Tyrant  (*) ____ W,nm   BR:c  CN:fc  JR:r
    Lophotriccus pileatus

  450. Bronze-olive Pygmy Tyrant  (*) ____ W,E,si   BR:u  TR:u
    Pseudotriccus pelzelni

  451. Tawny-crowned Pygmy Tyrant  (*) ____ W   BR:u  JR:fc
    Euscarthmus meloryphus

  452. Double-banded Pygmy Tyrant  (*) ____ E,az
    Lophotriccus vitosus

  453. Rufous-headed Pygmy Tyrant  (*) ____ E,si   TR:fc
    Pseudotriccus ruficeps

  454. Variegated Bristle Tyrant  (*) ____ W,E,si
    Pogonotriccus poecilotis

  455. Marble-faced Bristle Tyrant  (*) ____ W,E,si   CP:u  TR:r
    Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus

  456. Spectacled Bristle Tyrant  (*) ____ E,po
    Pogonotriccus orbitalis 

    The Spectacled Bristle Tyrant has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador.

  457. Tufted Tit-Tyrant  (*) ____ H,cu,nm,po   UR:r  YR:fc
    Anairetes parulus

  458. Black-crested Tit-Tyrant ____  UR:u
    Anairetes nigrocristatus  

    The Black-crested Tit-Tyrant has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  459. Agile Tit-Tyrant  (*) ____ W,E   YR:u
    Uromyias agilis

  460. Subtropical Doradito ____
    Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis 

    The Subtropical Doradito has been classified as a near-threatened species in Ecuador. 

  461. Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant  (*) ____ E,az
    Stigmatura napensis

  462. Yellow Tyrannulet  (*) ____ W,nm
    Capsiempis flavgeola

  463. Ecuadorian Tyrannulet  (nt) (*)  ____ E,po  CP:c  
    Phylloscartes gualaquizae 

    The Ecuadorian Tyrannulet was the Ecuadorian Bristle-Tyrant in the genus Pogonotriccus.

  464. Rufous-browed Tyrannulet ____
    Phylloscartes superciliaris

  465. River Tyrannulet  (*) ____ E,az
    Serpophaga hypoleuca

  466. Torrent Tyrannulet  (*) (ph)  ____  W,E,nm,po,si   BR:u  TR:u
    Serpophraga c. cinerea

    A Torrent Tyrannulet photographed during the FONT tour
    in Ecuador in April 2013
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  467. White-throated Tyrannulet  (*) ____ W,H,E,cu,nm,si   TR:u  YR:c
    Mecocerculus leucophrys

  468. White-banded Tyrannulet  (*) ____ W,E,nm,po   TR:fc  UR:u  YR:c
    Mecocerculus stictopterus

  469. White-tailed Tyrannulet  (*) ____ W,E,nm,si   JR:fc(at higher elevation)  TR:fc  UR:u
    Mecocerculus poecilocercus

  470. Rufous-winged Tyrannulet ____   BR:u  TR:vr  UR:r
    Mecocerculus calopterus 

  471. Sulphur-bellied Tyrannulet  (*) ____ E,po,si   TR:u
    Mecocerculus minor

  472. Amazonian Scrub Flycatcher _____
    Sublegatus obscurior

  473. Southern Scrub Flycatcher  (Er)  ______
    Sublegatus modestus

    A Southern Scrub Flycatcher near Pacto Sumaco, at 1120 meters elevation, on June 11, 2012, was said to be the first sighting of the species in Ecuador. Three days later, in that same area, apparently that same bird was found again and photographed.

  474. Gray Elaenia  (*) ____ W,E,si  CN:u
    Myiopagis caniceps

  475. Forest Elaenia _____
    Myiopagis gaimardii

  476. Foothill Elaenia _____ 
    Myiopagis olallai

    The Foothill Elaenia was discovered in the early 1990s.

  477. Yellow-bellied Elaenia  (*) (ph)  ____ W,E,az   BR:u  CN:u  TR:u
    Elaenia flavogaster semipagana

  478. Large Elaenia _____
    Elaenia spectabilis 

    A noteworthy record of the Large Elaenia was on June 12, 2012, in the same area where there was the first sighting in Ecuador of a Southern Scrub Flycatcher (noted above). 

  479. White-crested Elaenia  (*)  ______  W,H,E,cu,nm,po,si   UR:fc  YR:u
    Elaenia albiceps griseigularis

  480. Mottle-backed Elaenia  (*) ____ E,az,po  CP:c(seasonal)
    Elaenia gigas 

  481. Highland Elaenia _____   TR:r
    Elaenia o. obscura

  482. Lesser Elaenia _____
    Elaenia chiriquensis brachyptera

  483. Small-billed Elaenia _____
    Elaenia parvirostris 

  484. Yellow-crowned Elaenia  (*) ____ E,az
    Myiopagis flavivertex

  485. Sierran Elaenia  (*) ____ W,nm   BR:vr  TR:u  UR:r
    Elaenia pallatangae

  486. Greenish Elaenia  (*) ____ W   BR:fc  CN:r
    Myiopagis viridicata

  487. Pacific Elaenia  (*) ____ W   BR:r  JR:fc
    Myiopagis subplacens 

  488. Southern Beardless Tyrannulet  (*) ____ W,E,az,nm   BR:u  CN:u  JR:c  UR:fc
    Camptostoma obsoletum

  489. Mouse-colored Tyrannulet _____
    Phaeomyias murina 

  490. Tumbesian Tyrannulet  (*) ____ W   JR:u  UR:u   
    Phaeomyias tumbezana 

    The Tumbesian Tyrannulet has been part of the Mouse-colored Tyrannulet (above). 

  491. Slender-footed Tyrannulet  (*) ____ E,az
    (formerly Tyranniscus) g. gracilipes 

  492. Ashy-headed Tyrannulet  (*) ____ W,E,nm,si   BR:r
    Phyllomyias cinereiceps

  493. White-fronted Tyrannulet  _____
    (formerly Acrochordopus) zeledoni

  494. Sooty-headed Tyrannulet  (*)  _____  W  BR:fc  CN:fc  CP:fc(seasoanl)
    Phyllomyias griseiceps

  495. Golden-faced Tyrannulet  (*) ____ W,nm  CN:c  CP:c
    (formerly Tyranniscus) chrysops

  496. Loja Tyrannulet  (*) _____ E,po   BR:fc  JR:fc(at higher elevation)  TR:u  UR:fc  
    (formerly Tyranniscus) flavidifrons

    The Loja Tyrannulet was part of the Golden-faced Tyrannulet. 

  497. Red-billed Tyrannulet  (t3)  _____
    Zimmerius cinereicapillus 

  498. Plumbeous-crowned Tyrannulet  (*) ____ E,po
    Phyllomyias plumbeiceps

  499. Gray-and-white Tyrannulet  (*)  _____  W (on Isla de la Plata)
    (formerly Phaeomyias) leucospodia

  500. Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet  (*) ____ W,E,az,nm,po  CN:fc  CP:u
    Tyrannulus elatus

  501. White-lored Tyrannulet  (*) ____ E
    Ornithion inerme 

  502. Brown-capped Tyrannulet _____   BR:r  CN:u
    Ornithion brunneicapillum 

  503. Black-capped Tyrannulet  (*) ____ E   TR:u
    Phyllomyias nigrocapillus

  504. Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet  (*) ____ H   UR:u  YR:r
    Phyllomyias uropygialis

  505. Rufous-breasted Flycatcher  (*) ____ E,si   TR:u
    Leptopogon rufipectus

  506. Slaty-capped Flycatcher  (*) ____ W,E,nm,si   BR:c  CN:u  CP:c
    Leptopogon superciliaris

  507. Sepia-capped Flycatcher  (ph)  ____
    Leptopogon amaurocephalus

  508. Streak-necked Flycatcher  (*) ____ W,E,nm   TR:fc  UR:u
    Mionectes striaticollis 

  509. Olive-striped Flycatcher  (*) ____ W,E,nm   BR:c  CN:fc  CP:fc
    Mionectes olivaceus

  510. Ochre-bellied Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  ____  W,E,az   BR:r  CN:fc  JR:r
    Mionectes oleagineus 

    Ochre-bellied Flycatcher
    (photo by Leroy Tabb)

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