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E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-8
88-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876

 

Iceland Wildflowers 
and other plants

with those during 
Focus On Nature Tours
noted with an (*) 

1996 thru 2014

during the months of May, June, 
September, and October



The following list compiled by Armas Hill 



Photo at right:  LADY SMOCK  (photograph by Gerin Hood) 

Most of the photos below were taken during the June 2009 FONT tour in Iceland by tour participant, Gerin Hood. And she also took the time to do most of the identifications. Thanks Gerin! 

A fine book about the plant life of Iceland is
"A Guide to the Flowering Plants and Ferns of Iceland" by Hordur Kristinsson, published in 1986. There is a version in English.
That book is the source of much of the information in this list.



There have been 19 FONT tours in Iceland. 



In this List:

Wildflowers by colors:   BLUE to VIOLET    VIOLET    REDDISH / PINK    WHITE   YELLOW    GREEN

Other plant groupings:   TREES    FERNS    CLUBMOSSES    RUSHES     SEDGES     GRASSES 

The months in the list are when the plants flower in Iceland. 


Additional Links:

Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Iceland
     Upcoming FONT Tours Elsewhere

Photo Galleries from FONT Icelandic Nature & Culture Tours in:   
June 2009
    June 2012    Sep/Oct 2013

Highlights from Some Previous FONT Iceland Tours     Birds during FONT Iceland Tours     

Northern Wildflowers & some Other Plants, by Family, in Iceland, Alaska, & Hokkaido, Japan
(including Medicinal Plants) 

Other Photo Galleries of Plants     Directory of Photos in this Website

(ph): species with a photo in the FONT website



A List of Icelandic Wildflowers and Other Plants:

       
     
Those with a BLUE to VIOLET coloration:

  1. Harebell ______  in the Bellflower family   July-August   common in eastern Iceland, rare elsewhere  
    Campanula rotundifolia
     
     

  2. Arctic Harebell ______  in the Bellflower family  July   very rare in Iceland
    Campanula uniflora 


  3. Tufted Vetch ______  in the Legume, or Pea family, Fabaceae   July 
    Vicia cracca 

  4. Bush Vetch  ______  in the Legume, or Pea family, Fabaceae
    Vicia sepium

  5. Alaska Lupin  (*) (ph)  ______  in the Legume, or Pea family, Fabaceae   June
    Lupinus nootkatensis 

    Lupinus nootkatensis
    is introduced in Iceland. 

     

    Alaska Lupin
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, from during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  6. Rock Speedwell ______  in the Figwort family   June 
    Veronica fruticans

  7. Alpine Speedwell  ______  in the Figwort family    June-July
    Veronica alpina

  8. Thyme-leaved Speedwell  ______  in the Figwort family  June
    Veronica serrpyllifolia

     
  9. Germander Speedwell  _____  in the Figwort family   June-July 
    Veronica chamaedrys  

  10. Common Field-speedwell  ______  introduced in Iceland, in south and southwest
    Veronica persica 

  11. Alpine Gentian  ______   in the Gentian family   June-July
    Gentiana nivalis

  12. Slender Gentian ______  in the Gentian family   June-July
    Gentianella tenella
     

  13. Arctic Felwort  ______   in the Gentian family   July
    Lomatogonium rotatum


  14. Field Forget-me-not  ______   in the Borage family   June-July
    Myosotis arvensis 


  15. Water Forget-me-not  ______   in the Borage family   July  
    Myosotis scorpioides 

  16. Oysterplant  (*) (ph)  ______  in the Borage family, Boraginaceae   June
    Mertensia maritima 



    Oysterplant
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour) 

  17. Strict Forget-me-not  ______    in the Borage family   June-July
    Myosotis stricta 

  18. Devil's-bit Scabious  ______   in the Teasel family   July-August  
    Succisa pratensis
      

  19. Field Scabious  ______  a rare alien in Iceland, only at a few places
    Knautia arvensis

     
     
  20. Arctic Bartsia  (*) (ph)  ______  jun  in the Figwort family, Scrophulareaceae 
    Bartsia alpina 



    Alpine Bartsia
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT June '09 Iceland Tour)

  21. Pyramidal Bugle  ______   in the Mint family   June-July
    Ajuga pyramidalis

  22. Heath Dog-violet  ______   in the Violet family   June
    Viola canina 

  23. Common Dog-violet  ______  rare in Iceland
    Viola riviniana


  24. Wild Pansy  (*)   ______   in the Violet Family   June
    Viola tricolor 

  25. Alpine Marsh Violet  ______   in the Violet family   May
    Viola palustris 


  26. Common Butterwort  (*) (ph)  ______  jun  in the Bladderwort family, Lentibulariaceae
    Pinguicula vulgaris

     

    Common Butterwort
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)


    Those with a VIOLET coloration: 

  27. Heath Speedwell  ______   in the Figwort family   July
    Veronica officinalis
      

  28. Blue Water-speedwell  ______   in the Figwort family   July-August 
    Veronica anagalis-aquatica
     

  29. Marsh Speedwell  ______   in the Figwort family   July
    Veronica scutellata  
     

  30. Selfheal  ______    in the Mint family   June-July
    Prunella vulgaris 


  31. Alpine Meadow-rue  ______   in the Buttercup family   May-June
    Thalictrum alpinum
      

  32. Wood Crane's-bill  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Geranium family, Geraniaceae   June
    Geranium sylvaticum 



    Wood Crane's-bill
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  33. Serrate Gentian  ______     in the Gentian family   July-August
    Gentianella detonsa 


  34. Field Gentian   ______   in the Gentian family   July-August
    Gentianella campestris 


     
  35. Northern Gentian   ______    in the Gentian family   June-July 
    Gentianella aurea   
     
  36. Blue Heath  ______   in the Heath family   June-July 
    Phyllodoce coerulea    

    Rare in Iceland, the Blue Heath is one of the more striking plants in the country. its distribution is restricted to the outer districts on both sides of Eyjafjordur in northern Iceland, where snow covers the ground throughout the winter, and also in the area near Lodmundarfjorur in eastern Iceland.   

  37. Sea Pea  (*)  ______   in the Legume, or Pea family   June
    Lathyrus japonicus maritimus 


    Those with a REDDISH or PINK coloration:

  38. Purple Saxifrage  ______   in the Saxifrage family   April-May (sometimes starts to bloom in late March) 
    Saxifraga oppositifolia 

      
  39. Heath Spotted Orchid  ______    in the Orchid family   June-July 
    Dactylorhiza maculata   

  40. Creeping Thistle  (*)  ______     in the Daisy, or Aster family   August-September 
    Cirsium arvense   

    Cirsium arvense is a rather rare, but naturalized alien in Iceland. It grows in dense, long-lasting stands.


  41. Red Dead-nettle  ______   in the Mint family   June-July
    Lamium purpureum
     
     
  42. Alpine Catchfly  ______    in the Pink family   July 
    Lychnis alpina 

  43. Ragged Robin  ______  occurs locally in southern Iceland, in Myrdalur and Eyjafjoli. it is rare elsewhere.
    Lychnis flos-cuculi 


  44. Wild Thyme  (*)  ______   in the Mint family   June-July   very common in Iceland  
    Thymus praecox arcticus
     

  45. Great Burnet  ______    in the Rose family   July
    Sanguisorba officinalis  
     

  46. Rosebay Willowherb  ______    in the Willowherb family   July-August 
    Epilobium angustifolium  
     

  47. Arctic Riverbeauty   ______    in the Willowherb family   July
    Epilobium latifolium
     

  48. Chickweed Willowherb  ______   in the Willowherb family   June-July
    Epilobium alsinifolium 

  49. Hornemann's Willowherb  ______   in the Willowherb family   June-July
    Epilobium hornemanni  

  50. American Willowherb  ______   in the Willowherb family    July
    Epilobium watsonii 

    The American Willowherb is an alien in Iceland, occurring mainly in and around Reykjavik.

  51. Broad-leaved Willowherb  ______  a very rare alien in Iceland
    Epilobium montanum
      

  52. Cliff Willowherb  ______   in the Willowherb family   July
    Epilobium collinum 


  53. Marsh Willowherb  ______   in the Willowherb family   July-August
    Epilobium palustre 

  54. Alpine Willowherb  ______   in the Willowherb family   June-July
    Epilobium anagallidifolium  


  55. Marsh Cinquefoil  (*)  ______   in the Rose family   June   common in Iceland, in moist pastures, meadows, and bogs    
    Potentilla palustris 

  56. Hemp-nettle  ______   in the Mint family   July
    Galeopsis tetrahit 

  57. Strict Primrose  ______  in the Primrose family   May-June   very rare in Iceland
    Primula stricta

  58. Greenland Primrose  ______  has been found in Iceland at only one place
    Primula egaliksensis 


  59. Small Cranberry  ______    in the Heath family   June-July   in northern and northeastern Iceland  
    Vaccinium microcarpum 

  60. Trailing Azalea  (*)  ______   in the Heath family   June
    Loiseleuria procumbens 

  61. Water Avens  ______  in the Rose family   June-July   common on grassy heathland and hillsides, with moderate moisture 
    Geum rivale 


  62. Red Clover  (*) (ph)  ______   in the Legume, or Pea family   June-August
    Trifolium pratense  

    In Iceland, Trifolium pratense is introduced and partly naturalized. It occurs in grassy pastures and cultivated homefields. It is rather rare in Iceland.



    Red Clover
    (photo courtesy of Doris Potter)

  63. Hairy Stonecrop  (*) (ph)  ______   in the Stonecrop family, Crassulaceae   June
    Sedum villosum 

     

    Hairy Stonecrop
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  64. Heather  (*)  ______  in the Heath family   August-September   common in Iceland, on heathland and slopes
    Calluna vulgaris  

  65. Moss Campion  (*) (ph)  ______   in the Pink family, Caryophyllaceae   May-June
    Silene acaulis 



    Moss Campion
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT June '09 Iceland Tour) 

  66. Thrift  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Sea Lavender family
    Almeria maritima 

     

    Thrift
    (photographed during the June 2006 FONT Iceland Tour by Cheryl Pearce)

  67. Lady Smock  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Mustard family, Brassicadeae, formerly Cruciferae
    Cardamine nymanii 



    Lady Smock
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT June '09 Iceland Tour)

     
  68. Common Valerian ______  
    Valeriana officinalis   

  69. Mudwort  ______  
    Limosella aquatica   

  70. Sea-milkwort  ______ 
    Glaux maritima 

  71. Bilberry  (*) (ph)  ______   jun   in the Heath family, Ericaceae    
    Vaccinium myrtillus 



    Bilberry
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  72. Bog Bilberry  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Heath family, Ericaceae 
    Vaccinium uliginosum 

     

    Bog Bilberry
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  73. Alpine Fleabane  ______   
    Erigeron borealis
      
      
  74. Dwarf Fleabane _______  
    Erigeron uniflorus 
     


    Those with mostly or all WHITE coloration:  

  75. Glacier Buttercup  ______  
    Ranunculus glacialis  
     
  76. Sea Mayweed  (*) (ph)  ______  jun  in the Daisy family, Asteraceae,  Composite 
    Matricaria maritima
    formerly

     

    Sea Maywood
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, from during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  77. Oxeye Daisy  (*)  ______  jun
    Leucanthemum vulgare   


  78. Mountain Avens  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Rose family, Rosaceae
    Dryas octopetala 



    Mountain Avens
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour) 

  79. Burnet Rose  ______ 
    Rosa pimpinellifolia 

  80. Grass of Parnassus  ______    
    Parnassia palustris 

  81. Wild Strawberry  (ph)  ______    
    Fragaria vesca 



    Not the flower, but what follows.
    Fragaria vesca, the Wild Strawberry


  82. Dwarf Cornel  ______   
    Cornus suecica
     
     
  83. Sea Campion  (*) (ph)  ______  jun  in the Pink family, Caryophyllaceae
    Silene uniflora 






    Two photos of Sea Campion
    (both taken during FONT Iceland Tours 
    upper photo in June 2006 by Cheryl Pearce; lower photo in June 2009 by Gerin Hood)
     
  84. Alpine Mouse-ear  (*) (ph)  ______  jun  in the Pink family, Caryophyliaceae
    Cerastium alpinum  

     
     

    Alpine Mouse-ear
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland Tour - June 2009)

  85. Arctic Mouse-ear  ______    
    Cerastium arcticum   
     
  86. Starwort Mouse-ear  ______   
    Cerastium cerastoides   


  87. Chickweed Wintergreen  ______   
    Trientalis europaea   


  88. Bogbean  ______
    Menyanthes trifoliata   

  89. Mossy Saxifrage  ______  
    Saxifraga hypnoides 

  90. Drooping Saxifrage  ______ 
    Saxifraga cernua   


  91. Tufted Saxifrage   ______  
    Saxifraga caespitosa 

  92. Starry Saxifrage  ______  
    Saxifraga stellaris 

  93. Lesser Stitchwort  ______   
    Stellaria graminea 

  94. Thread-leaved Water-crowfoot  ______   
    Ranunculus trichophyllus 

  95. Diapensia  ______ 
    Diapensia lapponica 

  96. Pyramidal Saxifrage  ______ 
    Saxifraga cotyledon 


  97. Silver Saxifrage  ______  
    Saxifraga paniculata  

  98. Alpine Brook Saxifrage ______ 
    Saxifraga rivularis 

  99. Alpine Snow Saxifrage  ______  
    Saxifraga nivalis  
     
      
  100. Common Mouse-ear  ______  
    Cerastium fontanum 

  101. Corn Spurrey  ______     
    Spergula arvensis 

  102. Arctic Sandwort  ______  
    Arenaria norvegica   


  103. Sea Sandwort  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Pink family, Caryophyllaceae  
    Honckenya peploides 



    Sea Sandwort
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  104. Mountain Sandwort  ______ 
    Minuartia rubella 

  105. Teesdale Sandwort  ______   
    Minuartia stricta  

  106. Two-flowered Sandwort ______  
    Minuartia biflora 


  107. Alpine Pearlwort  ______    
    Sagina saginoides   

  108. Knotted Pearlwort  ______  
    Sagina nodosa 

  109. Common Chickweed  ______  
    Stellaria media   

  110. Fairy Flax  ______
    Linum catharticum

  111. Fleshy Stitchwort  ______
    Stellaria crassifolia

  112. Low Stitchwort  ______
    Stellaria humifusa

  113. Iceland-purslane  ______
    Koenigia islandica

  114. Alpine Bistort  (*)  ______  jun 
    Bistoria vivipara

  115. Knotgrass  ______
    Polygonum aviculare

  116. Round-leaved Sundew  ______
    Drosera rotundifolia

  117. Marsh Pennywort  ______
    Hydrocotyle vulgaris

  118. Stone Bramble  ______
    Rubus saxatilis

  119. Meadowsweet  ______
    Filipendula ulmaria

  120. Rowan  ______
    Sorbus aucuparia

  121. Garden Angelica  ______
    Angelica archangelica

  122. Wild Angelica  (*)  ______  jun
    Angelica sylvestris

  123. Scots Lovage  ______
    Ligusticum  scoticum

  124. Caraway  ______
    Carum carvi

  125. Sweet Cicely  ______
    Myrrhis odorata

  126. Cow Parsley  ______
    Anthriscus sylvestris

  127. Yarrow  ______
    Achillea millefolium

  128. Sneezewort  ______
    Achillea ptarmica

  129. Alpine Rock-cress  ______
    Arabis alpina

  130. Northern Rock-cress  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Mustard family, Brassicaceae, formerly Cruciferae 
    Cardaminopsis petraea

    Cardaminopsis petraea is one of the most common wildflowers in Iceland in both the lowlands and highlands. It occurs in areas of gravel hills, screes, sand and lava fields. 



    Northern Rock-cress
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  131. Sea Rocket  ______
    Cakile arctica

  132. Hoary Whitlowgrass  ______
    Draba incana

  133. Rock Whitlowgrass  ______
    Draba norvegica

  134. Snow Whitlowgrass  (*) (ph)  ______  jun  in the Mustard family, Brassicaceae, formerly Cruciferae
    Draba nivalis 

    Draba nivalis is rather rare in Iceland, found at rock outcrops and cairns in the northern and eastern parts of the island.



    Snow Whitlowgrass
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  135. Alpine Whitlowgrass  ______
    Draba alpina 

  136. Shepherd's Purse  ______
    Capsella bursa-pastoris

  137. Hairy Bitter-cress  ______
    Cardamine hirsuta

  138. Alpine Bitter-cress  ______
    Cardamine bellidifolia

  139. Common Scurvygrass  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Mustard family, Brassicaceae, formerly Cruciferae
    Cochlearia officinalis

    Cochlearia officinalis is widespread in Iceland, found at bird-cliffs and rocky shores. 



    Common Scurvygrass
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  140. Awlwort  ______
    Subularia aquatica

  141. Common Whitlowgrass  ______
    Erophila verna 

  142. Milky Willowherb  ______
    Epilobium lactiflorum

  143. Snow Pearlwort  ______
    Sagina nivalis

  144. Blinks  ______
    Montia fontana

  145. Scottish Asphodel  ______
    Tofieldia pusilla

  146. Northern Bedstraw  ______
    Galium boreale

  147. Slender Bedstraw  ______
    Galium normanii

  148. Fen Bedstraw  ______
    Galium uliginosum

  149. Small Bedstraw  ______
    Galium trifidum

  150. Cassiope  ______
    Cassiope hypnoides

  151. Bearberry  (*) (ph)  ______  jun  in the Heath family, Ericaceae 
    Arctostaphylos uva-ursi



    Bearberry
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  152. Common Wintergreen  ______
    Pyrola minor

  153. Arctic Wintergreen  ______
    Pyrola grandiflora

  154. Serrated Wintergreen  ______
    Orthilia secunda

  155. Autumn Gentian  ______
    Gentianella amarella

  156. Cold Eyebright  ______
    Euphrasia frigida

  157. White Dead-nettle  ______
    Lamium album

  158. White Clover  ______
    Trifolium repens


    Those with a YELLOW coloration:

  159. Marsh-marigold  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Buttercup family, Ranunculaceae
    Caltha palustris



    Marsh-marigold
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, from during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  160. Alpine Cinquefoil  (*) (ph)  ______  jun    in the Rose family, Rosaceae
    Potentilla crantzii



    Alpine Cinquefoil
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, from during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  161. Silverweed  (*)  ______  jun
    Potentilla anserina

  162. Meadow Buttercup  ______
    Ranunculus acris

  163. Creeping Buttercup  ______
    Ranunculus repens

  164. Marsh Saxifrage  ______
    Saxifraga hirculus

  165. Yellow Saxifrage  ______
    Saxifraga aizoides

  166. Arctic Poppy  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Poppy family, Papaveraceae
    Papaver radicatum



    Arctic Poppy

    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)


  167. Iceland Poppy  ______
    Papaver nudicaule

  168. Biting Stonecrop  ______
    Sedum acre

  169. Annual Stonecrop  ______
    Sedum annuum

  170. Creeping Spearwort  (*) (ph)  ______  jun  in the Buttercup family, Ranunculaceae
    Ranunculus reptans

    Ranunculus reptans is found in moist soil.



    Creeping Spearwort
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  171. Pygmy Buttercup  ______
    Ranunculus pygmaeus

  172. Arctic Buttercup  ______
    Ranunculus hyperboreus

  173. Creeping Sibbaldia  ______
    Sibbaldia procumbens

  174. Northern Yellowcress  ______    
    Rorippa islandica

  175. Hawkweed-leaved Treaclemustard  ______
    Erysimum hieraciifolium

  176. Roseroot  (*) (ph)  ______  jun  in the Stonecrop family, Crassulaceae
    Rhodiola rosea



    Roseroot
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  177. Meadow Vetchling  ______
    Lathyrus pratensis

  178. Small Cow-wheat  ______
    Melampyrum sylvaticum

  179. Upright Lousewort  ______
    Pedicularis flammea

  180. Yellow-rattle  ______
    Rhinanthus minor

  181. Kidney Vetch  ______
    Anthyllis vulneraria

  182. Dandelion  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Daisy family, Asteraceae, formerly Composite
    Taraxacum spp.



    Dandelion
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, from during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  183. Hawkweed  ______
    Hieracium spp.

  184. Alpine Hawkweed  ______
    Hieracium alpinum

  185. Icelandic Hawkweed  ______
    Pilosella islandica

  186. Autumn Hawkbit  ______
    Leontodon autumnalis

  187. Colt's-foot  ______
    Tussilago farfara


    Mostly GREEN:

  188. Alpine Lady's-mantle  (*) (ph)  ______  jun  in the Rose family, Rosaceae 
    Alchemilla alpina

    Alchemilla alpina is found in depressions in slopes, snowbeds, screes, and erosive soil.



    Alpine Lady's-mantle
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  189. Northern Green Orchid ______
    Platantherea hyperborea

  190. Small-white Orchid  ______
    Pseudorchis albida  

  191. Mare's-tail _____
    Hippuris vulgaris

  192. Water Horsetail _____
    Equisetum fluviatile

  193. Marsh Horsetail _____
    Equisetum palustre 

  194. Field Horsetail _____
    Equisetum arvense

  195. Shady Horsetail  (*) (ph)  _____  jun
    Equisetum pratense



    Shady Horsetail
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  196. Variegated Horsetail ______
    Equisetum variegatum

  197. Rough Horsetail ______
    Equisetum hymale


  198. Mountain Sorrel  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Dock family
    Oxyria digyna

    Oxyria digyna occurs commonly in Iceland, at ravines, cliffs, gravelly slopes, and rocky ground. 



    Mountain Sorrel
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  199. Frog Orchid ______
    Coeloglossum viride

  200. Coralroot Orchid ______
    Corallorhiza trifida

  201. Lesser Twayblade ______
    Listeria cordata

  202. Common Twayblade ______
    Listera ovata

  203. Small Adder's-tongue ______
    Ophioglossum azoricum 


    Other Plants

    Trees
  204. Dwarf Birch  (*)  ______  in the Birch family, Betulaceae
    Betula nana

  205. Downy Birch  (*)  ______  in the Birch family, Betulaceae
    Betula pubescens  

    The Downy Birch is the only forest-forming tree species in Iceland to have returned to the present interglacial period.

    Another name for Betula pubescens is European White Birch. 

  206. Juniper  ______  in the Cypress family, Cupressaceae
    Juniperus communis

  207. European Aspen  ______  in the Willow family, Salicaceae
    Populus tremula

    The Aspen is rare in Iceland, said to occur naturally at only 6 locations. 

  208. Dwarf Willow  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Willow family, Salicaceae 
    Salix herbeacea



    Dwarf Willow
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  209. Woolly Willow  (*) (ph)  ______  jun   in the Willow family, Salicaceae 
    Salix lanata 



    Woolly Willow
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  210. Bluish Willow ______  in the Willow family, Salicaceae
    Salix callicarpaea

  211. Tea-leaved Willow  (*)  ______   in the Willow family, Salicaceae
    Salix phylicifolia

    The Tea-leaved Willow is abundant in Iceland. Compared to the Woolly Willow and the Bluish Willow, the Tea-leaved Willow grows where it is wetter. 

  212. Feltleaf Willow  ______  in the Willow family, Salicaceae
    Salix alaxensi 

    Another name for Salix alaxensi is Alaska Willow.


    Ferns
  213. Oblong Fern  ______  in the Filmy-fern family
    Woodsia ilvensis

  214. Alpine Lady-fern  ______  in the Lady-fern family
    Athyrium distentifolium 

  215. Lady-fern  ______  in the Lady-fern family
    Athyrium filix-femina

  216. Brittle Bladder-fern  ______  in the Lady-fern family
    Cystopteris fragilis

  217. Northern Buckler-fern  ______  in the Lady-fern family
    Dryopteris assimilis

  218. Male-fern  ______  in the Lady-fern family
    Dryopteris filix-mas

  219. Oak Fern  ______  in the Lady-fern family
    Gymnocarpium dryopteris

  220. Beech Fern  ______  in the Beech-fern family
    Thelypteris phegopteris

  221. Parsley Fern  ______  in the Parsley Fern family
    Cryptogamma crispa


    Clubmosses


  222. Alpine Clubmoss  ______  in the Clubmoss family, Lycopodiophyta
    Lycopodium
    (or Diphazium) alpinium

  223. Fir Clubmoss  ______  in the Clubmoss family, Lycopodiophyta
    Lycopodium
    (or Huperzia) selago

  224. Interrrupted Clubmoss  ______  in the Clubmoss family, Lycopodiophyta
    Lycopodium annotinum

  225. Lesser Clubmoss  ______  in the Spikemoss family, Selaginellaceae
    Selaginella selaginoides

    Selaginella is the only genus in the Spikemoss family, the spikemosses or lesser clubmosses.


    Sedges


  226. Black Alpine-sedge  ______
    Carex atrata

  227. Bicolored Sedge  ______
    Carex bicolor

  228. Stiff Sedge  ______
    Carex bigelowii

  229. Hair Sedge  ______
    Carex capillaris

  230. Capitate Sedge  ______
    Carex capitata

  231. String Sedge  ______
    Carex chordorrhiza

  232. White Sedge  ______
    Carex curta

  233. Dioecious Sedge  ______
    Carex dioeca

  234. Star Sedge  ______
    Carex echinata

  235. Glaucous Sedge  ______
    Carex flacca

  236. Glacier Sedge  ______
    Carex glacialis

  237. Hare's-foot Sedge  ______
    Carex lachenalii

  238. Common Bog-sedge  ______
    Carex limosa

  239. Livid Sedge  ______
    Carex livida

  240. Lyngbye's Sedge  ______
    Carex lyngbyei

  241. Norway Sedge  ______
    Carex mackenziei

  242. Thick-headed Sedge  ______
    Carex mackloviana

  243. Tall Bog-sedge  ______
    Carex magellanica

  244. Curved Sedge  ______
    Carex maritima

  245. Bristle Sedge  ______
    Carex microglochin

  246. Nard Sedge  ______
    Carex nardina

  247. Common Sedge  ______
    Carex nigra 

  248. Close-headed Alpine-sedge  ______
    Carex norvegica

  249. Carnation Sedge  ______
    Carex panicea

  250. Pill Sedge  ______
    Carex pilulifera 

  251. Flea Sedge  ______
    Carex pulicaris

  252. Mountain Bog-sedge  ______
    Carex rariflora

  253. Bottle Sedge  ______
    Carex rostrata

  254. Red Sedge  ______
    Carex rufina

  255. Rock Sedge  ______
    Carex rupestris

  256. Saltmarsh Sedge  ______
    Carex salina

  257. Russet Sedge  ______
    Carex saxatilis

  258. Small-fruited Yellow-sedge  ______
    Carex serotina

  259. Hoppner Sedge  ______
    Carex subspathacea

  260. Sheathed Sedge  ______
    Carex vaginata

  261. Needle Spike-rush  ______
    Eleocharis acicularis

  262. Common Spike-rush  ______
    Eleocharis palustris

  263. Few-flowered Spike-rush  ______
    Eleocharis quinqueflora

  264. Common Cottongrass  ______
    Eriophorum angustifolium

  265. Scheuchzer's Cottongrass  (ph)  ______  jun   (elsewhere in its large range called Alaska Cotton)
    Eriophorum scheuchzeri



    Scheuchzer's Cottongrass, or as its called in Iceland: Hrafnafifa
    photographed during the FONT birding and nature tour
    in Iceland in June 2012   
    (photo by Gabi Hauser) 

  266. Bellard's Kobresia  ______  
    Kobresia myosuroides

  267. Deergrass  ______
    Trichophorum caespitosum
     



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