PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-8
88-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876

 

Iceland Wildflowers 
& other plants
with those during 
Focus On Nature Tours
noted with an (*) 

1996 thru 2014

during the months of May, June, 
September, & October




The following list compiled by Armas Hill 



Photo at right:  LADY SMOCK  (photograph by Gerin Hood) 

Most of the photos below were taken during the June 2009 FONT tour in Iceland by tour participant, Gerin Hood. And she also took the time to do most of the identifications. Thanks Gerin! 

A fine book about the plant life of Iceland is "A Guide to the Flowering Plants & Ferns of Iceland" by Hordur Kristinsson, published in 1986. There is a version in English.



There have been 19 FONT tours in Iceland.       


Links:

Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Iceland
     Upcoming FONT Tours Elsewhere

A Photographic Sampling of Icelandic Nature & Culture from our June 2009 Tour 

Birds during FONT Iceland Tours 

Northern Wildflowers & some Other Plants, by Family, in Iceland, Alaska, & Hokkaido, Japan
(including Medicinal Plants) 

Other Photo Galleries of Plants

Directory of Photos in this Website



A List of Icelandic Wildflowers:

       
     
Those with a BLUE coloration:

  1. Harebell ______    
    Campanula rotundifolia
     
     

  2. Arctic Harebell ______  
    Campanula uniflora 


  3. Tufted Vetch ______    
    Vicia cracca 

  4. Bush Vetch  ______  
    Vicia sepium

  5. Alaska Lupin  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Legume family, Fabaceae)
    Lupinus nootkatensis 

    Lupinus nootkatensis
    is introduced in Iceland. 

     

    Alaska Lupin
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, from during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  6. Rock Speedwell ______  
    Veronica fruticans

  7. Alpine Speedwell  ______   
    Veronica alpina

  8. Thyme-leaved Speedwell  ______  
    Veronica serrpyllifolia

     
  9. Germander Speedwell  _____ 
    Veronica chamaedrys  

  10. Alpine Gentian  ______  
    Gentiana nivalis

  11. Slender Gentian ______  
    Gentianella tenella
     

  12. Arctic Felwort  ______  
    Lomatogonium rotatum


  13. Field Forget-me-not  ______  
    Myosotis arvensis 


  14. Water Forget-me-not  ______
    Myosotis scorpioides 

  15. Oysterplant  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Borage family, Boraginaceae)  
    Mertensia maritima 



    Oysterplant
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour) 

  16. Strict Forget-me-not  ______    
    Myosotis stricta 

  17. Devil's-bit Scabious  ______    
    Succisa pratensis
      
     
     
  18. Arctic Bartsia  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Figwort family, Scrophulareaceae
    Bartsia alpina 



    Alpine Bartsia
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT June '09 Iceland Tour)

  19. Heath Dog-violet  ______  
    Viola canina 

  20. Wild Pansy  (*)   ______ jun
    Viola tricolor 

  21. Alpine Marsh Violet  ______   
    Viola palustris 


  22. Common Butterwort  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Bladderwort family, Lentibulariaceae)
    Pinguicula vulgaris

     

    Common Butterwort
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)


    Those with a VIOLET coloration: 

  23. Heath Speedwell  ______   
    Veronica officinalis
      

  24. Blue Water-speedwell  ______    
    Veronica anagalis-aquatica
     

  25. Marsh Speedwell  ______  
    Veronica scutellata  
     

  26. Selfheal  ______    
    Prunella vulgaris 


  27. Alpine Meadow-rue  ______  
    Thalictrum alpinum
      

  28. Wood Crane's-bill  (*)   ______  jun   (in the Geranium family, Geraniaceae)
    Geranium sylvaticum 



    Wood Crane's-bill
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  29. Serrate Gentian  ______     
    Gentianella detonsa 


  30. Field Gentian   ______   
    Gentianella campestris 


     
  31. Northern Gentian   ______     
    Gentianella aurea   
     
  32. Blue Heath  ______ 
    Phyllodoce coerulea    

  33. Sea Pea  (*)  ______ jun
    Lathyrus japonicus maritimus 


    Those with a REDDISH or PINK coloration:

  34. Purple Saxifrage  ______ 
    Saxifraga oppositifolia 

      
  35. Heath Spotted Orchid  ______     
    Dactylorhiza maculata   

  36. Creeping Thistle  ______  
    Cirsium arvense   


  37. Red Dead-nettle  ______   
    Lamium purpureum
     
     
  38. Alpine Catchfly  ______  
    Lychnis alpina 

  39. Wild Thyme  ______  
    Thymus praecox arcticus
     

  40. Great Burnet  ______    
    Sanguisorba officinalis  
     

  41. Rosebay Willowherb  ______     
    Epilobium angustifolium  
     

  42. Arctic Riverbeauty   ______   
    Epilobium latifolium
     

  43. Chickweed Willowherb  ______  
    Epilobium alsinifolium 

  44. Hornemann's Willowherb  ______   
    Epilobium hornemanni  

  45. American Willowherb  ______  
    Epilobium watsonii 

  46. Cliff Willowherb  ______  
    Epilobium collinum 


  47. Marsh Willowherb  ______  
    Epilobium palustre 

  48. Alpine Willowherb  ______  
    Epilobium anagallidifolium  


  49. Marsh Cinquefoil  ______  
    Potentilla palustris 

  50. Hemp-nettle  ______  
    Galeopsis tetrahit 

  51. Small Cranberry  ______ 
    Vaccinium microcarpum 

  52. Trailing Azalea  ______ 
    Loiseleuria procumbens 

  53. Water Avens  ______ 
    Geum rivale 


  54. Red Clover  (*) ______   jun  (in the Pea family)  
    Trifolium pratense  

    In Iceland, Trifolium pratense is introduced and partly naturalized. It occurs in grassy pastures and cultivated homefields. It is rather rare in Iceland.



    Red Clover
    (photo courtesy of Doris Potter)

  55. Hairy Stonecrop  (*)  ______ jun  (in the Stonecrop family, Crassulaceae)
    Sedum villosum 

     

    Hairy Stonecrop
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  56. Heather  (*)  ______  jun 
    Calluna vulgaris  

  57. Moss Campion  (*)  ______ jun  (in the Pink family, Caryophyllaceae
    Silene acaulis 



    Moss Campion
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT June '09 Iceland Tour) 

  58. Thrift  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Sea Lavender family)
    Almeria maritima 

     

    Thrift
    (photographed during the June 2006 FONT Iceland Tour by Cheryl Pearce)

  59. Lady Smock  (*)  ______ jun  (in the Mustard family, Brassicadeae, formerly Cruciferae)
    Cardamine nymanii 



    Lady Smock
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT June '09 Iceland Tour)

     
  60. Common Valerian ______  
    Valeriana officinalis   

  61. Mudwort  ______  
    Limosella aquatica   

  62. Sea-milkwort  ______ 
    Glaux maritima 

  63. Bilberry  (*) ______   jun  (in the Heath family, Ericaceae)    
    Vaccinium myrtillus 



    Bilberry
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  64. Bog Bilberry  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Heath family, Ericaceae) 
    Vaccinium uliginosum 

     

    Bog Bilberry
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  65. Alpine Fleabane  ______   
    Erigeron borealis
      
      
  66. Dwarf Fleabane _______  
    Erigeron uniflorus 
     


    Those with mostly or all WHITE coloration:  

  67. Glacier Buttercup  ______  
    Ranunculus glacialis  
     
  68. Sea Mayweed  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Daisy family, Asteraceae,  Composite) 
    Matricaria maritima
    formerly

     

    Sea Maywood
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, from during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  69. Oxeye Daisy  (*)  ______  jun
    Leucanthemum vulgare   


  70. Mountain Avens  (*)  ______  jun   (in the Rose family, Rosaceae)
    Dryas octopetala 



    Mountain Avens
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour) 

  71. Burnet Rose  ______ 
    Rosa pimpinellifolia 

  72. Grass of Parnassus  ______    
    Parnassia palustris 

  73. Wild Strawberry  ______    
    Fragaria vesca 


  74. Dwarf Cornel  ______   
    Cornus suecica
     
     
  75. Sea Campion  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Pink family, Caryophyllaceae)
    Silene uniflora 






    Two photos of Sea Campion
    (both taken during FONT Iceland Tours 
    upper photo in June 2006 by Cheryl Pearce; lower photo in June 2009 by Gerin Hood)
     
  76. Alpine Mouse-ear  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Pink family, Caryophyliaceae)
    Cerastium alpinum  

     
     

    Alpine Mouse-ear
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland Tour - June 2009)

  77. Arctic Mouse-ear  ______    
    Cerastium arcticum   
     
  78. Starwort Mouse-ear  ______   
    Cerastium cerastoides   


  79. Chickweed Wintergreen  ______   
    Trientalis europaea   


  80. Bogbean  ______
    Menyanthes trifoliata   

  81. Mossy Saxifrage  ______  
    Saxifraga hypnoides 

  82. Drooping Saxifrage  ______ 
    Saxifraga cernua   


  83. Tufted Saxifrage   ______  
    Saxifraga caespitosa 

  84. Starry Saxifrage  ______  
    Saxifraga stellaris 

  85. Lesser Stitchwort  ______   
    Stellaria graminea 

  86. Thread-leaved Water-crowfoot  ______   
    Ranunculus trichophyllus 

  87. Diapensia  ______ 
    Diapensia lapponica 

  88. Pyramidal Saxifrage  ______ 
    Saxifraga cotyledon 


  89. Silver Saxifrage  ______  
    Saxifraga paniculata  

  90. Alpine Brook Saxifrage ______ 
    Saxifraga rivularis 

  91. Alpine Snow Saxifrage  ______  
    Saxifraga nivalis  
     
      
  92. Common Mouse-ear  ______  
    Cerastium fontanum 

  93. Corn Spurrey  ______     
    Spergula arvensis 

  94. Arctic Sandwort  ______  
    Arenaria norvegica   


  95. Sea Sandwort  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Pink family, Caryophyllaceae)  
    Honckenya peploides 



    Sea Sandwort
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  96. Mountain Sandwort  ______ 
    Minuartia rubella 

  97. Teesdale Sandwort  ______   
    Minuartia stricta  

  98. Two-flowered Sandwort ______  
    Minuartia biflora 


  99. Alpine Pearlwort  ______    
    Sagina saginoides   

  100. Knotted Pearlwort  ______  
    Sagina nodosa 

  101. Common Chickweed  ______  
    Stellaria media   

  102. Fairy Flax  ______
    Linum catharticum

  103. Fleshy Stitchwort  ______
    Stellaria crassifolia

  104. Low Stitchwort  ______
    Stellaria humifusa

  105. Iceland-purslane  ______
    Koenigia islandica

  106. Alpine Bistort  (*)  ______  jun 
    Bistoria vivipara

  107. Knotgrass  ______
    Polygonum aviculare

  108. Round-leaved Sundew  ______
    Drosera rotundifolia

  109. Marsh Pennywort  ______
    Hydrocotyle vulgaris

  110. Stone Bramble  ______
    Rubus saxatilis

  111. Meadowsweet  ______
    Filipendula ulmaria

  112. Rowan  ______
    Sorbus aucuparia

  113. Garden Angelica  ______
    Angelica archangelica

  114. Wild Angelica  (*)  ______  jun
    Angelica sylvestris

  115. Scots Lovage  ______
    Ligusticum  scoticum

  116. Caraway  ______
    Carum carvi

  117. Sweet Cicely  ______
    Myrrhis odorata

  118. Cow Parsley  ______
    Anthriscus sylvestris

  119. Yarrow  ______
    Achillea millefolium

  120. Sneezewort  ______
    Achillea ptarmica

  121. Alpine Rock-cress  ______
    Arabis alpina

  122. Northern Rock-cress  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Mustard family, Brassicaceae, formerly Cruciferae
    Cardaminopsis petraea

    Cardaminopsis petraea is one of the most common wildflowers in Iceland in both the lowlands and highlands. It occurs in areas of gravel hills, screes, sand and lava fields. 



    Northern Rock-cress
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  123. Sea Rocket  ______
    Cakile arctica

  124. Hoary Whitlowgrass  ______
    Draba incana

  125. Rock Whitlowgrass  ______
    Draba norvegica

  126. Snow Whitlowgrass  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Mustard family, Brassicaceae, formerly Cruciferae)
    Draba nivalis 

    Draba nivalis is rather rare in Iceland, found at rock outcrops and cairns in the northern and eastern parts of the island.



    Snow Whitlowgrass
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  127. Alpine Whitlowgrass  ______
    Draba alpina 

  128. Shepherd's Purse  ______
    Capsella bursa-pastoris

  129. Hairy Bitter-cress  ______
    Cardamine hirsuta

  130. Alpine Bitter-cress  ______
    Cardamine bellidifolia

  131. Common Scurvygrass  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Mustard family, Brassicaceae, formerly Cruciferae)
    Cochlearia officinalis

    Cochlearia officinalis is widespread in Iceland, found at bird-cliffs and rocky shores. 



    Common Scurvygrass
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  132. Awlwort  ______
    Subularia aquatica

  133. Common Whitlowgrass  ______
    Erophila verna 

  134. Milky Willowherb  ______
    Epilobium lactiflorum

  135. Snow Pearlwort  ______
    Sagina nivalis

  136. Blinks  ______
    Montia fontana

  137. Scottish Asphodel  ______
    Tofieldia pusilla

  138. Northern Bedstraw  ______
    Galium boreale

  139. Slender Bedstraw  ______
    Galium normanii

  140. Fen Bedstraw  ______
    Galium uliginosum

  141. Small Bedstraw  ______
    Galium trifidum

  142. Cassiope  ______
    Cassiope hypnoides

  143. Bearberry  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Heath family, Ericaceae
    Arctostaphylos uva-ursi



    Bearberry
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  144. Common Wintergreen  ______
    Pyrola minor

  145. Arctic Wintergreen  ______
    Pyrola grandiflora

  146. Serrated Wintergreen  ______
    Orthilia secunda

  147. Autumn Gentian  ______
    Gentianella amarella

  148. Cold Eyebright  ______
    Euphrasia frigida

  149. White Dead-nettle  ______
    Lamium album

  150. White Clover  ______
    Trifolium repens


    Those with a YELLOW coloration:

  151. Marsh-marigold  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Buttercup family, Ranunculaceae)
    Caltha palustris



    Marsh-marigold
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, from during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  152. Alpine Cinquefoil  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Rose family, Rosaceae)
    Potentilla crantzii



    Alpine Cinquefoil
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, from during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  153. Silverweed  (*)  ______  jun
    Potentilla anserina

  154. Meadow Buttercup  ______
    Ranunculus acris

  155. Creeping Buttercup  ______
    Ranunculus repens

  156. Marsh Saxifrage  ______
    Saxifraga hirculus

  157. Yellow Saxifrage  ______
    Saxifraga aizoides

  158. Arctic Poppy  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Poppy family, Papaveraceae)
    Papaver radicatum



    Arctic Poppy

    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)


  159. Iceland Poppy  ______
    Papaver nudicaule

  160. Biting Stonecrop  ______
    Sedum acre

  161. Annual Stonecrop  ______
    Sedum annuum

  162. Creeping Spearwort  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Buttercup family, Ranunculaceae)
    Ranunculus reptans

    Ranunculus reptans is found in moist soil.



    Creeping Spearwort
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  163. Pygmy Buttercup  ______
    Ranunculus pygmaeus

  164. Arctic Buttercup  ______
    Ranunculus hyperboreus

  165. Creeping Sibbaldia  ______
    Sibbaldia procumbens

  166. Northern Yellowcress  ______    
    Rorippa islandica

  167. Hawkweed-leaved Treaclemustard  ______
    Erysimum hieraciifolium

  168. Roseroot  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Stonecrop family, Crassulaceae)
    Rhodiola rosea



    Roseroot
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  169. Meadow Vetchling  ______
    Lathyrus pratensis

  170. Small Cow-wheat  ______
    Melampyrum sylvaticum

  171. Upright Lousewort  ______
    Pedicularis flammea

  172. Yellow-rattle  ______
    Rhinanthus minor

  173. Kidney Vetch  ______
    Anthyllis vulneraria

  174. Dandelion  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Daisy family, Asteraceae, formerly Composite)
    Taraxacum spp.



    Dandelion
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, from during the FONT June 2009 Iceland tour)

  175. Hawkweed  ______
    Hieracium spp.

  176. Alpine Hawkweed  ______
    Hieracium alpinum

  177. Icelandic Hawkweed  ______
    Pilosella islandica

  178. Autumn Hawkbit  ______
    Leontodon autumnalis

  179. Colt's-foot  ______
    Tussilago farfara


    Mostly GREEN:

  180. Alpine Lady's-mantle  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Rose family, Rosaceae) 
    Alchemilla alpina

    Alchemilla alpina is found in depressions in slopes, snowbeds, screes, and erosive soil.



    Alpine Lady's-mantle
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  181. Northern Green Orchid ______
    Platantherea hyperborea

  182. Small-white Orchid  ______
    Pseudorchis albida  

  183. Mare's-tail _____
    Hippuris vulgaris

  184. Water Horsetail _____
    Equisetum fluviatile

  185. Marsh Horsetail _____
    Equisetum palustre 

  186. Field Horsetail _____
    Equisetum arvense

  187. Shady Horsetail _____
    Equisetum pratense



    Shady Horsetail
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  188. Variegated Horsetail ______
    Equisetum variegatum

  189. Rough Horsetail ______
    Equisetum hymale

  190. Dwarf Willow  (*) ______  jun  (in the Willow family, Salicaceae
    Salix herbeacea



    Dwarf Willow
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  191. Woolly Willow  (*)  ______  jun  (in the Willow family, Salicaceae) 
    Salix lanata 



    Woolly Willow
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  192. Bluish Willow ______
    Salix callicarpaea

  193. Mountain Sorrel  (*) ______  jun  (in the Dock family)
    Oxyria digyna

    Oxyria digyna occurs commonly in Iceland, at ravines, cliffs, gravelly slopes, and rocky ground. 



    Mountain Sorrel
    (photo courtesy of Gerin Hood, during FONT Iceland June '09 Tour)

  194. Frog Orchid ______
    Coeloglossum viride

  195. Coralroot Orchid ______
    Corallorhiza trifida

  196. Lesser Twayblade ______
    Listeria cordata

  197. Common Twayblade ______
    Listera ovata

  198. Small Adder's-tongue ______
    Ophioglossum azoricum 



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