PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876



Manakins to Thrashers

Noting those found during 
Focus On Nature Tours
with an (*)  

1991 thru 2015 

during the months of January, 
 February, March, April, July, December

Part 3 of a Central America Bird List with some Photos, 
compiled by Armas Hill 

Photo at upper right: LONG-TAILED MANAKIN


(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
 (t1): critical     (t2): endangered     (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally

In the list that follows, relating to sightings during FONT tours, the country & the months are noted in maroon coloration.

    in Belize
CR:    in Costa Rica    
GU:    in Guatemala
HN:    in Honduras
PN:    in Panama

(CAi):  introduced species in Central America
(CAr):  a rare species in Central America

(ph):  species with a photo in the FONT web-site

Links to Bird Groupings in this part of this list:

Manakins    Sapayoa    Schiffornis    Becards    Cotingas    Tityras & Speckled Mourner    

    Antbirds    Tapaculo    Furnarids    Woodcreepers    Vireos & Allies    

Jays & Raven
    Silky-Flycatchers & Waxwing    Swallows & Martins    Bushtit & Kinglet    

    Gnatcatchers, Gnatwrens, Brown Creeper    Thrashers

Links to Other Parts of this Central American Bird List:

Part #1: Tinamous to Doves     Part #2: Macaws to Woodpeckers    Part #4: Thrushes to Buntings

Links to Lists of Birds in:   Belize    Costa Rica    Guatemala    Honduras    Panama

Links to Lists & Photo Galleries of Other Nature, including Central American:

Mammals    Butterflies, Moths    Amphibians, Reptiles    Marine life, inc. Fish, Crustaceans

Links to Information about Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours 

in Central America     by month, in:  2015   2016   or:   by geographic location

Other Links:

FONT Past Tour Highlights

Directory of Photos in this Website




  1. Red-capped Manakin  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun  PN:feb,mar,jui,aug,nov
    Ceratopipra mentalis 
    (formerly Pipra mentalis)  
    Ceratopipra m. mentalis 
    (subspecies in eastern Costa Rica)
    Ceratopipra mentalis ignifera
    (subspecies in western Costa Rica)


    An adult male Red-capped Manakin
    (photo by Ruben Campos)

  2. White-crowned Manakin ______
    Pipra pipra

  3. Blue-crowned Manakin  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:mar,jul,aug,nov
    (formerly Pipra) coronata velutina

  4. Lance-tailed Manakin  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar  PN:feb,mar,aug
    Chiroxiphia lanceolata 

  5. Long-tailed Manakin  (*) (ph) ______  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:mar,apr,jul,dec
    Chiroxiphia linearis fastuosa

    Long-tailed Manakin

  6. White-ruffed Manakin  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:feb
    Corapipo altera
    (formerly leucorrhoa, that's now the scientific name of the formerly conspecific White-bibbed Manakin of northern South America) 
    Corapipo a. altera 
    (subspecies in northern Costa Rica)
    Corapipo altera heteroleuca 
    (subspecies in southwest Costa Rica) 

    White-ruffed Manakin

  7. Orange-collared Manakin  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Manacus aurantiacus 

    The Orange-collared Manakin has been considered conspcific with the White-collared Manakin (below), and with the Golden-collared Manakin of Panama (also below)
    These 3 Central American manakins are closely related to the White-bearded Manakin, Manacus manacus, of South America.     

  8. White-collared Manakin  (*) (ph)  ______  BZ:mar,apr  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,may  HN:apr
    Manacus candei

    A White-collared Manakin photographed during a FONT tour in Belize in April 2011
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  9. Golden-collared Manakin  (*) ______  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Manacus v. vitellinus

  10. Green Manakin  (*)  ______  PN:jul
    (formerly Chloropipa) holochora  


  11. Broad-billed Sapayoa  (*) ______  PN:feb,aug
    Sapayoa aenigma 


  12. Northern Schiffornis  (*) ______  BZ:mar  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun  HN:dec  
    Schiffornis veraepacis

    The Northern Schiffornis was part of the Thrush-like Schiffornis. The former Thrush-like Schiffornis was previously called the Thrush-like Mourner or the Thrush-like Manakin, but the bird was neither a mourner nor a manakin.

    Now, what was the Thrush-like Schiffornis has been split into 5 species in Central & South America. 

    The geographic range of the Schiffornis veraepacis is in Central America from western Panama northward. In South America, it is in the choco region of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.  

    The Northern Schiffornis is a darker olive-brown coloration, whereas the Rufous-winged Schiffornis (below) is a lighter brown.

  13. Rufous-winged Schiffornis  (*)  ______  PN:jul,nov
    Schiffornis stenorhyncha 

    An alternate name for Schiffornis stenorhyncha is the Slender-billed Schiffornis.

    The geographic range of Schiffornis stenorhyncha is central Panama to Colombia and western Venezuela. 


  14. Barred Becard  (*) ______  CR:mar.apr
    Pachyramphus versicolor costaricensis

  15. Cinnamon Becard  (*) ______  BZ:mar  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan  HN:dec  PN:feb,jul,aug
    Pachyramphus cinnamomeus fulvidior

  16. One-colored Becard  (*) ______  PN:feb,jul
    Pachyramphus h. homochrous

  17. White-winged Becard  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  HN:apr,dec  PN:mar
    Pachyramphus polychopterus similis

  18. Black-and-white Becard  (*) ______  CR:mar  PN:feb
    Pachyramphus albogriseus ornatus

  19. Rose-throated Becard  (*) ______  BZ:mar  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:feb
    Pachyramphus aglaiae latirostris 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Costa Rica)

  20. Gray-collared Becard  (*)  ______  BZ:mar  GU:mar
    Pachyramphus major matudai


  21. Rufous Piha  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,apr,dec/jan  GU  PN:aug
    Lipaugus u. unirufus

  22. Sharpbill  (*) ______
    Oxyruncus cristatus  
    (the single member of its genus)

  23. Turquoise Cotinga  (t3) (*) ______  CR:feb,mar  PN:feb  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Cotinga ridgwayi 

    Turquoise Cotinga

  24. Blue Cotinga  (*) ______  PN:mar,aug
    Cotinga nattererii 

  25. Lovely Cotinga  (*)  ______  HN:feb,dec
    Cotinga amabilis

  26. Snowy Cotinga (*) ______  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  HN:feb  (total range from northern Honduras to western Panama)
    Carpodectes nitidus 

  27. Yellow-billed Cotinga  (t2) (*) ______  CR:jan  (an alternate name for this rare regional endemic has been "Antonia's Cotinga" (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Carpodectes antoniae 

  28. Purple-throated Fruitcrow  (*) ______  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Querula purpurata

  29. Bare-necked Umbrellabird  (t2) (*) (ph)  ______  CR:jan,mar,jul,dec  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama) 
    Cephalopterus glabricollis 

    Up in the canopy of a Costa Rican rainforest, the of the Bare-necked Umbrellabird,
    with some of the red of its throat visible.
    This photo was taken during an early FONT tour, before the days of digital photography. 
    (photo by Alan Brady)

  30. Three-wattled Bellbird  (t3) (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,dec/jan  PN:feb,mar  (total range from eastern Honduras to western Panama) 
    Procnias tricarunculata  (monotypic)


  31. Gray-headed Piprites  (nt) (*) ______  CR:jul,dec/jan  GU:jan  (total range from eastern Guatemala to western Panama)
    Piprites griseiceps 

    Piprites griseiceps has been called the Gray-headed Manakin, but it is not a manakin. 


  32. Masked Tityra  (*) ______  BZ:feb,mar  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul  PN:feb,mar,aug  HN:feb,mara,apr,dec
    Tityra semifasciata costaricensis

  33. Black-crowned Tityra  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,mar,apr,may,jun  HN:dec  PN:jul
    Tityra inquisitor fraserii 

  34. Speckled Mourner  (*)  ______  PN:jul
    Laniocera rufescens 

    The Speckled Mourner is now placed in the TITYRIDAE family. It was traditionally in the Cotinga family, COTINGIDAE.   


  35. Black Phoebe  (*) ______  BZ:mar  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar  PN:feb,mar
    Sayornis nigricans amnicola

  36. Pied Water Tyrant  (*) ______  PN:feb
    Fluvicola p. pica

  37. Long-tailed Tyrant  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:mar,dec/jan  PN:feb,jul,aug,nov
    Colonia colonus leuconota 
    (the single member of its genus)

  38. Scissor-tailed Flycatcher  (*) (ph) ______  CR:mar,dec/jan  GU:jan,mar,apr,dec  PN:jan,mar,dec
    Tyrannus forficatus 

  39. Fork-tailed Flycatcher  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR:jan,feb,mar  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun  HN:feb,apr  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Tyrannus savana monachus

    A Fork-tailed Flycatcher photographed during a FONT tour in Belize 
    (photo by Alan Brady)

  40. Eastern Kingbird  (*) (ph) ______  CR:apr  GU:apr  HN:apr  PN:mar,nov
    Tyrannus tyrannus  (monotypic)

    The Eastern Kingbird has been seen in large numbers in migration
    during FONT tours in Panama.
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  41. Western Kingbird  (*) (ph)  ______   CR:dec/jan  GU:mar,dec
    Tyrannus verticlis 

  42. Tropical Kingbird  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,may,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:jan,feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Tyrannus melancholicus satrapa

    Tropical Kingbird

  43. Couch's Kingbird  (*)  (ph)  ______  BZ:mar,apr  GU
    Tyrannus couchii

    Couch's Kingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  44. Cassin's Kingbird  (*)  ______  GU:mar,apr
    Tyrannus v. vociferans

  45. Gray Kingbird  (ph) ______  HN:apr  PN:feb,mar,nov
    Tyrannus dominicensis

    In Costa Rica, the Gray Kingbird is a very rare passage migrant along the Caribbean coast, in March & April and in September & early October. Mostly, they are single birds among flocks of Eastern Kingbirds.    

    A Gray Kingbird photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  46. Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher  (CAr)  ______
    Griseotyrannus auraantioatrocristatus

    A Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher was found in Panama on December 1, 2007 in foothills on the Pacific slope about 40 kilometers from Panama City.
    That bird, a species normally in South America, was a first record for both Panama and Central America. 

  47. Piratic Flycatcher  (*) ______  BZ:mar,apr  CR:feb,mar  GU:apr  HN:apr  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug
    Legatus leucophaius 
    (the single member of its genus)  (2 subspecies in Costa Rica: L. l. variegatus & L. l. leucophaius)

  48. White-ringed Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr,jul  
    (formerly Corytriccus) albovittatus distinctus 

    The White-ringed Flycatcher is closely related to the Yellow-throated Flycatcher of South America. 

  49. Boat-billed Flycatcher  (*) ______  BZ:feb,mar  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,may,jun,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Megarynchus pitangua mexicanus

  50. Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr,jul  GU:apr,jun,jul  HN:apr  PN:oct
    Myiodynastes luteiventris 

  51. Streaked Flycatcher  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:mar  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:apr,jun  HN:mar  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct
    Myiodynastes masulatus insolens

    A Streaked Flycatcher photographed during a FONT tour in Panama.
    The bird is drying after a tropical rain in, after all, the rainforest.
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  52. Golden-bellied Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr,dec/jan  PN:feb
    Myiodynastes hemichrysus 

  53. Gray-capped Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  PN:feb,mar
    Myiozetetes g. granadensis

  54. Social Flycatcher  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr.jul,dec  GU:jan.feb,mar,apr,may,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:jan,feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Myiozetetes similis 

    Myiozetetes similis texensis 
    (subspecies in northern Costa Rica)
    Myiozetetes similis columbianus 
    (subspecies in southern Costa Rica)

    Social Flycatcher
    (photo by Alan Brady)

  55. Rusty-margined Flycatcher  (CRr) (*)  ______  PN:feb,mar,jul,nov
    Myiozetetes cayanensis

    The Rusty-margined Flycatcher, mostly a bird of South America, is new to Costa Rica. It was first found there in April 2004, and nesting of the species was noted in March 2006. Sightings have been in the southern Pacific lowlands, north to Gamba, and near Pavones.   

  56. Great Kiskadee  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,may,jun,jul  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Pitangus sulphuratus guatimalensis

    A Great Kiskadee photographed during a FONT tour in Belize in April 2011
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  57. Lesser Kiskadee  (*) ______  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    (formerly Philohydor) lictor panamensis

  58. Rufous Mourner  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun  PN:aug
    Rhytipterna h. holerythra

  59. Panama Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Myiarchus panamensis actiosus
    (subspecies endemic to Costa Rica)

  60. Brown-crested Flycatcher  (*) ______  BZ:mar,apr  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr
    Myiarchus tyrannulus brachyurus

  61. Nutting's Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:feb,apr,jun  
    Myiarchus nuttingi flavidior

    Another name for Myiarchus nuttingi is the "Pale-throated Flycatcher".  

    A Nutting's Flycatcher photographed during the FONT tour
    in northern Costa Rica in March 2012
    (photo by Virginia Woodhouse)  

  62. Yucatan Flycatcher  (*)  ______  GU:feb,apr,jun
    Myiarchus y. yucatanensis

  63. Great Crested Flycatcher  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:mar  CR:jan,feb,mar,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:feb,mar,nov
    Myiarchus crinitus 

  64. Dusky-capped Flycatcher  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:apr,dec  PN:feb,mar,aug
    Myiarchus tuberculifer connectens

    Dusky-capped Flycatcher
    (photo by Dick Tipton)

  65. Ash-throated Flycatcher  (ph) ______  GU:feb,apr,dec
    Myiarchus cinerascens

    In Costa Rica, the Ash-throated Flycatcher is very rare. There's an old record from March 1934, and a recent report from Punta Uva in Limon in October 2001.

  66. Bright-rumped Attila  (*) (ph) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,mar,apr  HN:apr  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug
    Attila spadiceus citreopyga

    A Bright-rumped Attila photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  67. Western Sirystes  (*) ______  PN:mar
    Airystes albogriseus

  68. Olive-sided Flycatcher  (nt) (*)  ______  CR:jan,mar,apr,dec  GU:apr  PN:oct 
    Contopus cooperi 
    (formerly in genus Nuttallornis, with its previous scientific name, for a long time, borealis)

    An alternate name for Contopus cooperi would be the "Boreal Pewee".

  69. Eastern Wood Pewee  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:mar,dec/jan  GU:feb,mar,apr,may  PN:feb,oct,nov
    Contopus virens 

  70. Western Wood Pewee  (*) ______  CR:mar  GU:apr  HN:mar,apr,dec  PN:mar
    Contopus sordidulus 
    (4 subspecies migrate through Costa Rica)

  71. Tropical Pewee  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,mar,apr,may,jul,dec  HN:mar,dec  PN:mar,jul,aug
    Contopus cinereus 

    Contopus cinereus rhizophorus  (subspecies in western Costa Rica)
    Contopus cinereus brachytarsus
    (subspecies elsewhere in Costa Rica) 


    A Tropical
    Pewee photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner) 

  72. Greater Pewee  (*)  ______  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,dec  HN:apr,dec
    Contopus p. pertinax

  73. Dark Pewee  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb,mar  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Contopus lugubris  (monotypic)

    The Dark Pewee and the Greater Pewee of northern South America were previously considered conspecific with the Smoke-colored Pewee of South America. 

  74. Ochraceous Pewee  (nt) (*) ______  CR:mar,dec/jan  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Contopus ochraceus 

  75. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher  (*) ______  BZ:mar,apr  CR:feb,mar,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:feb,mar
    Empidonax flaviventris 

  76. Acadian Flycatcher  (*) ______  BZ:apr  CR  GU:apr  HN:mar,apr  PN:mar,aug,nov
    Empidonax virescens 

  77. Willow Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,dec/jan  GU:apr,dec  PN:feb
    Empidonax t. trailii

  78. Alder Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:mar  GU:apr
    Empidonax alnorum 

  79. Least Flycatcher  (*)  ______  BZ:mar  CR:mar  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec
    Empidonax minimus

  80. Hammond's Flycatcher  (*)  ______  GU:feb,apr,dec
    Empidonax hammondii

  81. Buff-breasted Flycatcher  (*)  ______  GU:feb,mar,apr,dec
    Empidonax fulvifrons fusciceps

  82. Pine Flycatcher  (*)  ______  GU:apr
    Empidonax affinis trepidus

  83. Yellowish Flycatcher  (*)  ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb  PN:feb,mar
    Empidonax f. flavescens

  84. Black-capped Flycatcher  (*)  ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Empidonax atriceps 

  85. White-throated Flycatcher  (*)  ______  GU:apr,jun,dec  HN:feb,dec
    Empidonax albigularis

  86. Vermilion Flycatcher  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:mar,apr  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,dec
    Pyrocephalus rubinus blatteus 

    Vermilion Flycatchers; male above, female below
    (upper photo by Howard Eskin; lower photo by Marie Gardner during a FONT tour)

  87. Northern Tufted Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,dec  HN:feb  PN:feb,mar
    Mitrephanes phaeocercus auraantiiventris

  88. Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:mar,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:feb,mar,aug
    Terenotriccus erythrurus fulvigularis 
    (the single member of its genus)

  89. Bran-colored Flycatcher  (*) ______  PN:feb,mar
    Mylophobus fasciatus furfurosus  

  90. Black-tailed Myiobius  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar  PN:mar  
    Myiobius a. atricaudus

    The Black-tailed Myiobius has been known as the Black-tailed Flycatcher.

  91. Sulphur-rumped Myiobius  (*)  ______  BZ:apr  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun  HN:dec  PN:aug
    Myiobius sulphureipygius  

    The Sulphur-rumped Myiobius has been known as the Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher. It is closely related to the Whiskered Myiobius of South America, with which it was conspecific.  

  92. White-throated Spadebill  (*) ______  CR:mar
    Platyrinchus mystaceus

  93. Stub-tailed Spadebill  (*) ______  CR:apr  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,may,jun,jul,dec  HN:dec   
    Platyrinchus cancrominus 

    The Stub-tailed Spadebill is virtually identical to the White-throated Spadebill (above). They are best told apart by habitat and voice. 
    In northwestern Costa Rica, in evergreen forests, the Stub-tailed Spadebill is the only spadebill. 

  94. Golden-crowned Spadebill  (*) ______  CR:mar,dec/jan
    Platyrinchus coronatus

  95. Northern Royal Flycatcher  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,apr  CR:mar  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun  HN:apr  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug
    Onychorhynchus mexicanus

    Northern Royal Flycatcher

  96. Brownish Twistwing  (*) ______  PN:feb,mar,aug
    Cnipodectes subbrunneus panamensis

  97. Yellow-olive Flatbill  (*) ______  BZ:apr  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,dec  HN:feb  PN:feb,mar,jul 
    Tolmomyias sulphurescns cinereiceps 

    The Yellow-olive Flatbill has been known as the Yellow-olive Flycatcher.

  98. Yellow-margined Flatbill  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug  
    Tolmomyias flavotectus 

    The Yellow-margined Flatbill has been known as the Yellow-margined Flycatcher. It is closely related to the Zimmer's Flatbill of South America, with which it was considered conspecific.  

  99. Yellow-breasted Flatbill  (*)  ______  PN:jul
    Tolmomyias flaviventris

    The Yellow-breasted Flatbill has been known as the Yellow-breasted Flycatcher. 

  100. Eye-ringed Flatbill  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr
    Rhynchocyclus brevirostris

  101. Olivaceous Flatbill  (*) ______  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug
    Rhynchocyclus olivaceus bardus

  102. Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr  GU  PN:mar
    Todirostrum nigriceps

  103. Common Tody-Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  ______  BZ:mar  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:apr,dec  HN:apr,dec  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Todirostrum cinereum

    A Common Tody-Flycatcher photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  104. Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  ______  BZ:apr  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan.feb,mar,apr  PN:mar,aug
    Poecilotriccus sylvia 
    (formerly Todirostrum sylvia)

    A Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  105. Northern Bentbill  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar  GU:jan,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:mar  PN:feb  
    Oncostoma cinereigulare 

    The Northern Bentbill has been by some considered conspecific with the Southern Bentbill (below) of Panama & northern South America. 

  106. Southern Bentbill  (*) ______  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Oncostoma olivaceum 

  107. Scale-crested Pygmy Tyrant  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,apr
    Lophotriccus pileatus

  108. Black-capped Pygmy Tyrant  (*) ______  CR:mar  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug 
    Myiornis atricapillus 

    The Black-capped Pygmy Tyrant is closely related to the Short-tailed Pygmy Tyrant of South America.  

  109. Pale-eyed Pygmy Tyrant  (*) ______  PN:feb,mar,aug
    Atalotriccus pilaris wilcoxi 
    (the single member of its genus)

  110. Cocos Flycatcher ______  (endemic to the Cocos Islands, well offshore from mainland Costa Rica, in the Pacific Ocean)
    Nesotriccus ridgwayi 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  111. Yellow Tyrannulet  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Capsiempis flaveola

  112. Yellow-green Tyrannulet  (*) ______  PN:mar,aug
    Phylloscartes flavovirens 

    The Yellow-green Tyrannulet is one of only a dozen birds (or less) endemic to Panama. 
  113. Torrent Tyrannulet  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb,mar
    Serpophage cinerea

    Torrent Tyrannulet, photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  114. Yellow-bellied Elaenia  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,dec  HN:mar,dec  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Elaenia flavogaster subpagana

    Yellow-bellied Elaenia, photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  115. Lesser Elaenia  (*) ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,dec  PN:feb,mar,nov
    Elaenia chiriquensis

  116. Mountain Elaenia  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul  GU:mar,apr,jun,dec  HN:dec  PN:feb,mar
    Elaenia frantzii

  117. Greenish Elaenia  (*) ______  BZ:apr  CR:mar,jul  GU:jan,mar  HN;feb,apr  PN:feb,jul
    Myiopagis viridicata

  118. Forest Elaenia  (*) ______  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Myiopagis gaimardii macilivainii

  119. Northern Scrub Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul  PN:feb,mar   
    Sublegatus arenarum 

    The Northern Scrub Flycatcher was conspecific with the Southern Scrub Flycatcher and the Amazonian Scrub Flycatcher, both in South America. When so, the species was called the Scrub Flycatcher.   

  120. Northern Beardless Tyrannulet  (*) ______  BZ:apr  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  GU:feb,mar,jun,dec
    Campostoma imberbe

  121. Southern Beardless Tyrannulet  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Campostoma obsoletum

  122. Mouse-colored Tyrannulet  (*)  ______   CR:mar  PN:feb
    Phaeomyias murina

  123. Paltry Tyrannulet  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,apr,jul,dec  HN:mar  PN:feb,mar,jul
    Zimmerius vilissimus 

    The Paltry Tyrannulet has been called the "Mistletoe Tyrannulet". It is closely related to the Venezuelan Tyrannulet of northern South America, with which it was conspecific.  

  124. Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet  (*) ______  CR:jan,feb,mar  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug
    Tyrannulus elatus

  125. Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet  (*) ______  BZ:apr  CR:feb,mar  GU:jan,mar,apr,jun,dec  HN:dec
    Ornithion semiflavum

  126. Brown-capped Tyrannulet  (*)  ______   CR:mar  PN:feb,mar,jul,nov
    Ornithion brunneicapillus

  127. White-fronted Tyrannulet  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar  PN:mar  
    Phyllomyias zeledoni 

    The White-fronted Tyrannulet has also been called the Zeledon's Tyrannulet. It was considered conspecific with the Rough-legged Tyrannulet of South America.

  128. Sooty-headed Tyrannulet  (*)  ______  PN:jul
    Phyllomyias griseiceps

  129. Rufous-browed Tyrannulet ______
    Phylloscartes superciliaris

  130. Tawny-chested Flycatcher ______  (total range in Nicaragua & Costa Rica)
    Aphanotriccus capitalis

  131. Bran-colored Flycatcher ______
    Myiophobus fasciatus 

  132. Slaty-capped Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan
    Leptopogon superciliaris

  133. Sepia-capped Flycatcher  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,apr  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun
    Leptopogon amaurocephalus

  134. Olive-striped Flycatcher  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan
    Mionectes o. olivaceus

  135. Ochre-bellied Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  HN:dec  PN:feb,jul,aug
    Mionectes oleagineus dyscolus

    Ochre-bellied Flycatcher
    (photo by Leroy Tabb)


  136. Fasciated Antshrike  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct
    Cymbilaimus lineatus fasciatus

  137. Great Antshrike  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb,mar
    Taraba major melanocrissus 
    (the single member of its genus)

  138. Barred Antshrike  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,may,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,apr  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Thamnophilus doliatus pacificus 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Costa Rica)

    Above & below: Barred Antshrikes photographed during FONT tours
    (upper photo by Andy Smith, lower photo by Alan Brady)

    The lower photo was taken in days gone by when there may have been more birds,
    but there certainly were less digital cameras - there were none.

  139. Black-hooded Antshrike  (*) ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,jul,dec  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Thamnophilus bridgesi 

  140. Black-crowned Antshrike  (*) (ph)  ______  BZ:apr  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  GU:feb  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Thamnophilus atrinucha

    The Black-crowned Antshrike has been called the Western Slaty Antshrike, but genetic evidence has shown that it is not related to the South American slaty-antshrikes.  The change was made by the AOU (American Ornithologists Union) in 2013.

    A Black-crowned Antshrike photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  141. Black Antshrike  (*) ______  PN:feb
    Thamnophilus n. nigriceps 

  142. Russet Antshrike  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,dec/jan  GU:apr  HN:dec  PN:feb,mar,jul
    Thamnistes anabatinus saturatus 
    (the single member of its genus)

  143. Plain Antvireo  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun  PN:mar,aug
    Dysithamnus mentalis septentrionalis

  144. Streak-crowned Antvireo  (*) ______  CR:apr  (total range from southeastern Honduras to Costa Rica)
    Dysithamnus striaticeps 

  145. Spot-crowned Antvireo  (*) ______  PN:aug
    Dysithamnus puncticeps

  146. White-flanked Antwren  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr  PN:mar
    Myrmotherula axillaris albigula

  147. Slaty Antwren  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb
    Myrmotherula s. schisticolor

  148. Griscom's Antwren  (*) ______  PN:mar,nov 
    Myrmotherula ignota  

    The Griscom's Antwren has been considered consepcific with the Pygmy Antwren of South America.  

  149. Checker-throated Antwren  (*) ______  CR:mar  PN:feb,mar,aug,nov  (the British spelling is "Chequer-throated")
    (formerly Myrmotherula) fulviventris costaricensis

  150. Dot-winged Antwren  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Microrhopias quixensis virgatus 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  151. Rufous-rumped Antwren  ______
    (formerly Terenura) callinota

  152. Dusky Antbird  (*) ______  BZ:mar,apr  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,mar,apr,jun  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug
    Cercomacra tyrannina crepera

  153. Bare-crowned Antbird  (*) ______  CR:dec/jan
    Gymnocichla nudiceps chiroleuca 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Costa Rica) (the single member of its genus)

  154. Chestnut-backed Antbird  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:mar,jul,aug,nov
    Myrmeciza exsul 

    Myrmeciza exsul occidentalis 
    (subspecies in southwest Costa Rica)
    Mymeciza e. exsul 
    (subspecies elsewhere in Costa Rica) 

  155. Zeledon's Antbird  (*) ______  CR:apr
    Myrmeciza zeledoni 

    The Zeledon's Antbird has been split (by the AOU in 2013) from the Immaculate Antbird, Myrmeciza immaculata, of Colombia and Venezuela.
    Myrmeciza zeledoni ranges from Costa Rica to Ecuador. 

  156. Dull-mantled Antbird  (*)  ______  PN:feb
    Mymeciza laemosticta

  157. White-bellied Antbird  (*) ______  PN:feb,mar,jul
    Myrmeciza longipes panamensis

  158. Bicolored Antbird  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:mar,jul,aug
    Gymnopithys leucaspis olivascens 

    The Bicolored Antbird is considered conspecific with the "White-cheeked Antbird" of northern South America.  

  159. Spotted Antbird  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Hylophylax naevioides capnitis

  160. Ocellated Antbird  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul  PN:mar
    Phaenostictus mcleannani saturatus 
    (the single member of its genus)

  161. Black-faced Antthrush  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb,mar,aug,nov
    Formicarius analis 
    Formicarius analis hoffmanni 
    (subspecies in southern Costa Rica)
    Formicarius analis umbrosus 
    (subspecies elsewhere in Costa Rica)

  162. Mayan Antthrush  (*)  ______  BZ:feb,apr  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,jul
    Formicarius monileger

  163. Black-headed Antthrush  (*) ______  CR:dec/jan
    Formicarius n. nigricapillus

  164. Rufous-breasted Antthrush  (*) ______  CR:mar
    Formicarius r. rufipectus

  165. Ochre-breasted Antpitta ______
    Grallaricula flavirostris

  166. Scaled Antpitta ______  GU:apr
    Grallaricula guatimalensis

  167. Thicket Antpitta ______
    Hylopezus dives

  168. Streak-chested Antpitta  (*)  ______  CR:mar  PN:feb,mar  (has also been called Spectacled Antpitta)
    Hylopezus perspicillatus

  169. Black-crowned Antpitta ______
    Pittasoma michleri 


  170. Silvery-fronted Tapaculo  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr  PN:feb,mar  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Scytalopus a. argentifrons


  171. Spotted Barbtail  (*) ______  CR:mar,dec/jan  PN:feb
    Premnoplex brunnescens brunneicauda

  172. Double-banded Graytail  (*) ______  PN:feb,jul
    Xenerpestes miniosi umbraticus

  173. Rufous-breasted Spinetail  (*)  ______  BZ:apr  GU:mar,apr
    Synallaxis e. erythrothorax

  174. Pale-breasted Spinetail  (*) ______  CR:dec/jan  PN:feb
    Synallaxis albescens latitabunda

  175. Slaty Spinetail  (*) ______  CR:feb,apr,jul,dec/jan
    Synallaxis brachyura nigrofumosa

  176. Red-faced Spinetail  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb
    Cranioleuca erythrops rufigenis

  177. Ruddy Treerunner  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Margarornis r. rubiginosus  

  178. Buffy Tuftedcheek  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul 
    Pseudocolaptes l. lawrencii 

    The Buffy Tuftedcheek was considered conspecific with the Streaked Tuftedcheek and the Pacific Tuftedcheek, both in South America.  

  179. Western Woodhaunter  (*)  ______  CR:dec/jan 
    Hyloctistes v. virgatus 

    The Western Woodhaunter was called the Striped Foliage-gleaner, and more recently the Striped Woodhaunter.
    It is now split from the Eastern Woodhaunter of South America. 

  180. Lineated Foliage-gleaner  (*) ______  CR:mar  PN:feb
    Syundactyla subalaris lineata

  181. Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner  (*) ______  CR:mar,dec/jan  GU:jan,jun,jul,dec  PN:feb
    Anabacerthia v. variegaticeps 

    The Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner was called the Spectacled Foliage-gleaner.

  182. Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner  (*) ______  CR:dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,apr,jun  HN:dec  PN:mar,jul,aug
    Automolus ochrolaemus hypophaeus 

    Another name for Automolus ochrolaemus has been the "Buff-throated Automolus". 

  183. Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner  (*) ______  CR:mar
    Philydor rufus panerythrum

  184. Ruddy Foliage-gleaner  (*) ______  CR:mar  GU:jan,jul,dec  (another name has been "Ruddy Automolus")
    Automolus rubiginosus fumosus

  185. Streak-breasted Treehunter  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama) 
    Tripacdectes rufobrunneus

  186. Plain Xenops  (*) ______  BZ:apr  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul  PN:feb,mar,aug
    Xenops minutus littoralis

    A Plain Xenops photographed during a FONT tour in Belize in April 2011
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  187. Streaked Xenops  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan
    Xenops rutilans septentrionalis

  188. Scaly-throated Leaftosser  (*)  ______  CR:jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,apr   
    Sclerurus g. guatemalensis

    Another name for Sclerurus guatemalensis has been "Scaly-throated Leafscraper".  

  189. Gray-throated Leaftosser  ______
    Sclerurus albigularis

  190. Tawny-throated Leaftosser  (*)  ______  GU:jan,jul,dec  HN:feb
    Sclerurus mexicanus


  191. Plain-brown Woodcreeper  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Dendrocincla fuliginosa ridgwayi

  192. Tawny-winged Woodcreeper  (*) (ph) ______  CR:mar  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr  HN:dec  PN:feb
    Dendrocincla a. anabatina

    Tawny-winged Woodcreeper
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  193. Ruddy Woodcreeper  (*) (ph) ______  CR:dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul  PN:aug
    Dendrocincla homochroa acedesta

    Ruddy Woodcreeper
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  194. Long-tailed Woodcreeper  (*) ______  CR:mar  PN:jul,aug,nov
    Dendrocincla longicauda typica

  195. Olivaceous Woodcreeper  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul  HN:mar,dec  PN:feb,aug,nov
    Sittasomus griseicapillus sylvioides 
    (the single member of its genus) 

  196. Wedge-billed Woodcreeper  (*) ______   CR:jan,feb,mar,jul,dec  GU:jan,mar,apr  PN:feb,aug
    Glyphorynchus spirurus sublestus 
    (the single member of its genus)

  197. Strong-billed Woodcreeper  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:mar  GU:jan,apr,jul,dec
    Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus costaricensis

    A Strong-billed Woodcreeper photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  198. Northern Barred Woodcreeper  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,mar  PN:feb,jul,aug  
    Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae 

    Dendrocolaptes s. sanctithomae 
    (subspecies on most of Pacific side of Costa Rica)
    Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae hesperius 
    (subspecies in southwest Costa Rica) 

    The Northern Barred Woodcreeper was conspecific with the Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper of South America. When so, the species was called the Barred Woodcreeper.   

  199. Black-banded Woodcreeper  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar
    Dendrocolaptes picumnus costaricensis

  200. Cocoa Woodcreeper  (*) ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,jul,dec  HN:feb,apr  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Xiphorhynchus susurrans costaricensis 

    The Cocoa Woodcreeper was conspecific with the formerly-expanded Buff-throated Woodcreeper that is now in only South America.  

  201. Black-striped Woodcreeper  (*) ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr  PN:feb
    Xiphorhynchus l. lachrymosus

  202. Ivory-billed Woodcreeper  (*) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,may,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec   
    Xiphorhynchus flavigaster ultimus

    Another name for Xiphorhynchus flavigaster has been the "Laughing Woodcreeper".

  203. Spotted Woodcreeper  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,dec/jan  GU:feb,mar,jun,dec  PN:feb
    Xiphorhynchus erthropygius punctigula

  204. Straight-billed Woodcreeper  (*) ______  PN:nov
    (formerly Xiphorhynchus) picus extimus

  205. Streak-headed Woodcreeper  (*) (ph)  ______  BZ:mar  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,mar,jul  HN:dec  PN:feb,jul,nov
    Lepidocolaptes souleyetii compressus

    A Streak-headed Woodcreeper photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  206. Spot-crowned Woodcreeper  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,dec  HN:feb  PN:feb,mar
    Lepidocolaptes affinis neglectus

  207. Brown-billed Scythebill  (*) ______  CR:mar,dec/jan  PN:feb
    Campylorhamphus pusillus borealis

    and ALLIES

  208. Rufous-browed Peppershrike  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:apr,dec  PN:feb
    Cyclarhis gujanensis subflavescens

  209. Chestnut-sided Shrike-Vireo  (*) ______  GU:feb,apr,jul,dec
    Vireolanius melitophrys quercinus

  210. Green Shrike-Vireo  (*) ______  CR:mar,dec/jan  GU:jan,apr,jun,jul  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Vireolanius pulchellus verticalis 

    The Green Shrike-Vireo was considered conspecific by some with the Yellow-browed Shrike-Vireo of eastern Panama and northern South America.

  211. Yellow-browed Shrike-Vireo  ______
    Vireolanius eximius

  212. Mangrove Vireo  (*) ______  BZ:feb,apr  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,dec
    Vireo pallens 
    Vireo pallens nicoyensis 
    (subspecies in northwest Costa Rica)
    Vireo p. pallens
    (subspecies in western Costa Rica) 

  213. Hutton's Vireo  (*)  ______  GU:jan,feb,apr,jun,dec  HN:dec(rare)
    Vireo huttoni vulcani 

  214. Yellow-winged Vireo  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb,mar
    Vireo carmioli 

  215. Yellow-throated Vireo  (*) ______  BZ:feb  CR:jan,feb,mar,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr  HN:mar,dec  PN
    Vireo flavifrons

  216. Philadelphia Vireo  (*) ______  CR:mar,dec/jan  GU:feb,mar,apr  PN:feb,mar
    Vireo philadelphicus 

  217. Red-eyed Vireo  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar,apr,dec/jan  GU:apr  PN:feb,mar,aug,oct,nov
    Vireo o. olivaceus  

  218. Yellow-green Vireo  (*) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  GU:mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug  
    Vireo f. flavoviridis

    The Yellow-green Vireo was regarded by some as a race of the Red-eyed Vireo.

  219. Warbling Vireo  (*) ______ CR  GU:feb,apr,dec
    Vireo g. gilvus 

    The Warbling Vireo in Costa Rica is a rare migrant from North America, from late September to late April, mostly in the northern half of the country.
  220. Brown-capped Vireo  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul  GU:feb,apr,jun,dec  HN:feb  PN:feb,mar
    Vireo leucophrys costaricensis 
    (1 of 2 subspecies in Costa Rica) 

    The Brown-capped Vireo was at one time said to be conspecific with the Warbling Vireo. 

  221. White-eyed Vireo  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun
    Vireo griseus

    In Costa Rica, the White-eyed Vireo is a very rare migrant from North America, with just a few records, mostly along the Caribbean coast, but also in Monteverde in March 1997 and in Puerto Viejo de Sarapiqui in January 2004.

  222. Bell's Vireo  (nt) (*) ______  GU:apr
    Vireo b. bellii

  223. Blue-headed Vireo  (*) (ph) _____   CR:mar  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,dec  HN:feb
    Vireo solitarius

    The Blue-headed Vireo is a rare migrant in Costa Rica from North America, from late September to late March. It can occur anywhere in the country, but it is more likely on the Pacific slope or in the highlands.  

  224. Plumbeous Vireo  (*)  ______  GU:feb,apr,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr
    Vireo plumbeus montanus

  225. Black-whiskered Vireo ______
    Vireo altiloquus  

    In Costa Rica, the Black-whiskered Vireo is a rare migrant on the Caribbean side of the country. 

  226. Yucatan Vireo  (*) (ph)  ______  BZ:mar
    Vireo magister

  227. Scrub Greenlet  (*) ______  CR:mar  PN:feb,mar,aug
    Hylophilus flavipes viridiflavus

  228. Tawny-crowned Greenlet  (*) ______  CR:mar  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr  PN:jul
    Hylophilus ochraceiceps paciicus 
    (subspecies in southern Costa Rica) (1 of 2 subspecies in Costa Rica) 

  229. "Gray-headed" Lesser Greenlet  (*) ______  BZ:feb,apr  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,dec  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct   
    Hylophilus d. decurtatus

    Central American races of the Lesser Greenlet are gray-headed, whereas the bird in South American is not. 

  230. Golden-fronted Greenlet  (*)  ______  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug
    Hylophilus a. aurantiifrons

    and RAVEN

  231. Azure-hooded Jay  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr  HN:feb
    Cyanolyca c. cucullata

  232. Green Jay  (*) (ph)  ______  BZ:mar  GU:jan,jun,jul  HN:feb,apr
    Cyanocorax luxuosus 

    The Green Jay has been seen, in numbers, during FONT tours in Honduras.
    (photo by Marie Gardner) 

  233. Brown Jay  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,may,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:feb
    Cyanocorax m. morio

    Brown Jay
    (photo Dick Tipton)

  234. Yucatan Jay  (*) (ph)  ______  BZ:apr
    Cyanocorax yucatanicus

  235. Bushy-crested Jay  (*)  ______  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:apr,dec
    Cyanocorax  melanocyanneus  

  236. Black-chested Jay  (*)  ______  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Cyanocorax affinis

  237. White-throated Magpie-Jay  (*) (ph) ______  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar,dec
    Calocitta formosa pompata

    The White-throated Magpie-Jay was considered by some to be conspecific with the Black-throated Magpie-Jay of Mexico. 

    Above & below: White-throated Magpie-Jays
    (upper photo by Alan Brady;
     lower photo by Virginia Woodhouse during a FONT tour
     in northern Costa Rica in March 2012)

  238. Azure-hooded Jay  (*)  ______  GU:jan,feb,apr
    Cyanolyca cucullata guatemalae 

  239. Black-throated Jay  (*)  ______  GU:apr,jul,dec
    Cyanolyca pumilo 

  240. Silvery-throated Jay  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Cyanolyca argentigula 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica) 

  241. Steller's Jay  (*) (ph)   ______  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,dec
    Cyanocitta stelleri coronata

    Steller's Jay
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  242. Unicolored Jay  (*)  ______  GU:jan,apr,jun,dec
    Aphelocoma u. unicolor

  243. Northern Raven  (ph)  ______
    Corvus corax


  244. Gray Silky Flycatcher  (*)  ______  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,dec
    Ptiliogonys cinereus molybdophanes

  245. Long-tailed Silky-Flycatcher  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:feb,mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb   (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Ptiliogonys caudatus  (monotypic)

    Long-tailed Silky-Flycatcher
    (photo by Ruben Campos)

  246. Black-and-yellow Phainoptila  (*)  ______ CR:feb,mar,dec/jan  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Phainoptila melanoxantha 
    (2 subspecies in Costa Rica)
    Phainoptila m. melanoxantha 
    (subspecies in southern Costa Rica)
    Phainoptila melanoxantha parkeri 
    (subspecies in northern Costa Rica)

    Phainoptila melanoxantha has been called the Black-and-yellow Silky Flycatcher.

  247. Cedar Waxwing  (*) (ph) ______  CR  GU:mar,apr
    Bombycilla cedrorum 


  248. Tree Swallow  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:mar.apr  GU;feb,apr  HN:feb
    Tachycineta bicolor 

  249. Mangrove Swallow  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,may,jun,jul,dec  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Tachycineta albilinea  (monotypic)

    Above: a Mangrove Swallow during the FONT tour in Belize in April 2011
    (photo by Marie Gardner) 
    Below: An immature Mangrove Swallow, at right; a Northern Rough-winged Swallow at left

    (photo courtesy of Aaron Gwin)

  250. Violet-green Swallow ______  GU:feb,dec
    Tachycineta thalassina

  251. White-winged Swallow  ______
    Tachycineta albiventer

    A White-winged Swallow found in the Darien region of Panama on July 6, 1996 was said to be the first record of the species for both Panama and Central America.  

  252. Purple Martin  (*) (ph) ______  CR:feb,mar  GU:mar,apr  HN:apr  PN:mar,aug
    Progne subis 
    (3 subspecies migrate thru Central America)

  253. Sinaloa Martin  (t3) (GUr) (*)  ______  GU:apr
    Progne sinaloae  

  254. Gray-breasted Martin  (*) ______  BZ:feb,mar  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:jan,feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Progne c. chalybea

  255. Brown-chested Martin  (ph) ______
    Progne tapera

    In Costa Rica, the Brown-chested Martin has been a rare migrant from South America. On one occasion, there were 9 individuals in the Golfito area, in late March 2006.   

  256. Blue-and-white Swallow  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  PN:jan,feb,mar,jul,aug
    Pygochelidon c. cyanoleuca 
    (formerly Notiochelidon c. cyanoleuca)

    A Blue-and-white Swallow photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  257. Black-capped Swallow  (*)  ______  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,dec
    Notiochelidon pileata 

  258. Northern Rough-winged Swallow  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar  CR:mar,apr,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec  PN:feb,mar,nov
    Stelgidopteryx serripennis 
    (3 subspecies occur in Costa Rica) 

  259. Ridgway's Rough-winged Swallow  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:mar  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,may,jun,jul  HN:feb
    Stelgidopteryx (serripennis) ridgwayi 

  260. Southern Rough-winged Swallow  (*) ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Stelgidopteryx ruficollis decolor

  261. Bank Swallow  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr  GU:apr  PN:oct  (also called Sand Martin, throughout much of its extensive range, particularly in the Old World)
    Riparia r. riparia

  262. Barn Swallow  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:feb,mar,apr,dec  HN:mar,apr,dec  PN:feb,mar,aug,oct,nov
    Hirundo rustica erythrogaster

  263. American Cliff Swallow  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar  GU:feb,apr  HN:apr  PN:feb,mar
    (formerly Hirundo) pyrrhonota
    (5 subspecies migrate thru Central America)

  264. Cave Swallow  (ph) ______
    (formerly Hirundo) fulva


  265. "Black-eared" American Bushtit  (*) (ph)   ______  GU:jan,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec
    Psaltriparus minimus melanotis

  266. Ruby-crowned Kinglet  (*) (ph)  ______  GU:jan,feb,apr,dec
    Regulus c. calendula


  267. Rufous-naped Wren  (*) (ph) ______  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr,dec
    Campylorhynchus rufinucha 

    Campylorhynchus rufinucha capistratus 
    (subspecies in northern Costa Rica)
    Campylorhynchus rufinucha nicoyae 
    (subspecies in northwest Costa Rica on the Nicoya Peninsula)

    Rufous-naped Wren

  268. Band-backed Wren  (*) ______  BZ:feb,mar  CR:mar,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  PN:feb
    Campylorhynchus zonatus costaricensis 

    Another name for Campylorhynchus zonatus has been the "Barred Wren".

  269. White-headed Wren  (*)  ______  PN:feb,aug
    Campylorhynchus a. albobrunneus 

  270. Sedge Wren  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:mar 
    Cistothorus stellaris lucidus 

    The Sedge Wren is closely related to the Grass Wren of South America, Cistothorus platensis. The two are said by most to be conspecific. 

    In Costa Rica, the Sedge Wren is very local in wet fields in the Cartago area.

  271. White-bellied Wren  (*)  ______  GU:jan,feb,mar,ap,may,jun
    Uropsila leucogastra brachyura 
    (the single member of its genus)  

  272. "White-browed" Carolina Wren  (*)  ______  GU:jan,feb,apr,jun
    Thryothorus ludovicianus albinucha  

  273. Black-bellied Wren  (*)  ______  CR:mar  (total range from Costa Rica to western Colombia)
    (formerly Thryothorus) fasciatoventris melanogaster

  274. Rufous-breasted Wren  (*)  ______  CR:jan,mar  PN:jul  
    (formerly Thryothorus) rutilus hyperythrus 

    The Rufous-breasted Wren is considered distinct from the Speckle-breasted Wren of South America.

  275. Black-throated Wren  (*)  ______  CR:mar,jul  PH:feb  (total range from Nicaragua to western Panama)
    Pheugopedius (formerly Thryothorus) atroguaris  (monotypic)

  276. Sooty-headed Wren  ______  
    (formerly Thryothorus) spadis

  277. Spot-breasted Wren  (*)  ______  BZ:feb,mar  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul  HN:apr,dec
    (formerly Thryothorus) maculipectus

    In Costa Rica, the Spot-breasted Wren is fairly common in the Cano Negro region in the far-northern part of the country. 

  278. Banded Wren  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan
    (formerly Thryothorus) pleurostictus ravus

  279. Rufous-and-white Wren  (*) ______  CR:apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:mar,apr,jul,dec  HN:apr  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug
    (formerly Thryothorus) rufalbus castanonotus 

  280. Bay Wren  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb,jul,aug,nov
    Cantorchilus nigricapillus costaricensis 
    (formerly Chryothorus nigricapillus costaricensis)

  281. Riverside Wren  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,jul,dec   (total range limited to Costa Rica and western Panama)
    Cantorchilus semibadius
      (formerly Thryothorus semibadius (monotypic)

    The Riverside Wren is closely related to, and has been considered by some as conspecific with the Bay Wren (above).  

    A Riverside Wren photographed during a FONT tour
    in Costa Rica
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  282. Stripe-breasted Wren  (*) ______  CR:dec/jan  PN:feb  (total range from Nicaragua to Panama)
    Cantorchilus thoracicus 
    (formerly Thryothorus thoracicus)  (monotypic)

    The Stripe-breasted Wren was conspecific with the Stripe-throated Wren.

  283. Stripe-throated Wren  ______   (a species mostly in South America)
    Cantorchilus leucopogon 
    (formerly Thryothorus leucopogon

  284. Plain Wren  (*) ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul  GU:feb,apr,jun,jul.dec  HN:mar,apr,dec  PN:feb,mar,aug
    Cantorchilus modestus
      (formerly Thryothorus modestus)  
    Cantorchilus m. modestus 
    (subspecies in Guatemala & in northern Costa Rica)
    Cantorchilus modestus elutus 
    (subspecies in southwest Costa Rica)
    Cantorchilus modestus zeledoni 
    (the "Canebrake Wren" of the Caribbean lowlands, once considered a separate species)  

  285. Buff-breasted Wren  (*)  ______  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    (formerly Thryothorus) leucotis galbraithii 

  286. "Southern" House Wren  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar,apr  PN:jan,feb,mar,jul,aug,oct,nov
    Troglodytes aedon
    Troglodytes aedon intermedius 
    (subspecies in Guatemala & most of Costa Rica)
    Troglodytes aedon inquietus 
    (subspecies in southwest CR)

  287. Rufous-browed Wren  (*)  ______  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec
    Troglodytes rufocillatus

  288. Ochraceous Wren  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul  PN:feb  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama) 
    Troglodytes o. ochraceus

  289. Timberline Wren  (*) ______  CR:feb,mar  PN:feb  (total range limited to Costa Rica & western Panama)
    Thryorchilus browni  (monotypic, and the single member of its genus) 

    The Timberline Wren in Costa Rica occurs in highlands at over 2,700 meters above sea level.   

  290. White-breasted Wood Wren  (*) ______  BZ:feb,mar  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul  HN:feb,apr,dec  PN:mar,aug,nov
    Henicorhina leucosticta
    Henicorhina leucosticta costaricensis 
    (subspecies in central Costa Rica)
    Henicorhina leucosticta pittieri 
    (subspecies in southwest Costa Rica) 

  291. Gray-breasted Wood Wren  (*) ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec  HN:feb  PN:feb,mar,jul
    Henicorhina leucophrys collina

  292. Southern Nightingale-Wren  (*) ______  CR:mar  PN:jul,aug 
    Microcerculus marginatus luscinia 

    Microcerculus marginatus
    of Central & South America has been known in Central America as the "Whistling Wren", and throughout its range as the Scaly-breasted Wren.

  293. Northern Nightingale-Wren  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  
    Microcerculus philomela (monotypic)

  294. Song Wren  (*) ______  CR:mar,jul,dec/jan  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,oct  
    Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus richardsoni 

    The Song Wren is closely related to the Musician Wren of South America. 

  295. Rock Wren  (ph)  ______
    Salpinctes obsoletus


  296. Blue-gray Gnatcatcher  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,apr  GU:jan,feb,mar,dec
    Polioptila caerulea 

    Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  297. White-lored Gnatcatcher  (*) ______  CR:mar,apr,jul,dec/jan  GU:feb,apr,jun  HN:dec
    Polioptila a. albiloris

  298. Tropical Gnatcatcher  (*) (ph)  ______  CR:jan,feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  GU:jan,mar,jun,jul  HN:dec  PN:feb,mar,aug,nov
    Polioptila plumbea 

    Polioptila plumbea brodkorbi 
    (subspecies in northern Costa Rica)
    Polioptila plumbea superciliaris 
    (subspecies in most of Costa Rica) 

    A Tropical Gnatcatcher
    photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  299. Slate-throated Gnatcatcher  (*)  ______  PN:jul
    Polioptila schistaceigula

  300. Long-billed Gnatwren  (*) ______  BZ:apr  CR:mar,dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,jun,jul  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug 
    Ramphocaenus melanurus

  301. Tawny-faced Gnatwren  (*)  ______  PN:jul
    Microbates cinereiventris

  302. Brown Creeper  (*) (ph)  ______  GU:feb,apr,jun,dec  HN:apr
    Certhia americana perniga 


  303. Gray Catbird  (*) (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR:dec/jan  GU:jan,feb,mar,apr,dec  HN:feb,apr,dec  PN:feb
    Dumetella carolinensis 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

    Gray Catbird
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  304. Black Catbird  (nt) (*) (ph)  ______  BZ:mar,apr
    Melanoptila glabrirostris 
    (monotypic, and the single member of its genus)

  305. Blue-and-white Mockingbird  (*)  ______  GU:feb,mar,apr,jun,jul,dec
    Melanotis hypoleucus 

  306. Tropical Mockingbird  (ph) ______  BZ:feb,mar,apr  CR:mar  GU:feb,mar,apr,jul,dec  HN:feb,mar,dec  PN:feb,mar,jul,aug,nov
    Mimus gilvis

    Tropical Mockingbirds
    have recently occurred and bred in Costa Rica at a number of scattered places, including Limon, Siquirres, Arenal, Tortuguero, San Isidro de El General, and in the Dominical area. 
    And so, it seems to be establishing itself in the country. 

    A Tropical Mockingbird during the FONT tour in Belize in April 2011
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

    To Top of Page