PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876


Birds of TEXAS 

and some in 
nearby NEW MEXICO 

From Quails to Becard

Noting those during
Focus On Nature Tours
with an (*)

thru 2015

during the months of January, March, 
April, May, and December

(photo by Howard Eskin)

Part 1 of a List of Texas Birds compiled by Armas Hill, 
with some photos 


As many as 402 species of birds have cumulatively been seen during FONT tours in Texas and nearby New Mexico.


Part 2 of this List of Texas Birds, Flycatchers to Buntings



c:  central - including areas of San Antonio & Austin, the Edwards Plateau (or "Hill Country") & Fort Clark Springs
e:   east - along the Gulf Coast, including the areas of Rockport & Aransas 
n:  north - including the Texan Panhandle
s:   south - the southern Rio Grande Valley, as far upriver as Laredo, and north to the King Ranch, the Welder Wildlife Refuge, and Choke Canyon
w:  west -  including Big Bend National Park, the Davis Mountains area, & lakes near I-10 

in nearby New Mexico
mx: seen across the Rio Grande in Mexico

     a mostly "Mexican species" that occurs in Texas 
  (some of these birds are also common further south in the tropics)

(win)  - occurs mostly in the winter
(thru)  - occurs throughout the state

(USe):          endemic to the United States 
(USqe):        quasi (or nearly) endemic to the United States
(USeb):        endemic-breeder in the United States 
(USneb):      near-endemic breeder in the United States
(NAi):           species introduced into North America
(USri):          re-introduced species into the United States
(USr):           rare in the United States 
(TXr):           rare in Texas
(NMr):          rare in New Mexico

(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
      (t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally

(ph);  species with a photograph in the FONT website 

Birds seen during FONT tours in Texas and/or New Mexico in:
March: mar     April: apr     May: may

Links to Bird Groupings in this List: 

Gallinaceous Birds    Waterfowl    Loons    Pelagic Birds    Grebes    Ibises & Spoonbill

Storks & Flamingo    Bitterns, Herons, Egrets    Tropicbird, Frigatebird, Pelicans, Boobies, Gannet

Cormorants & Anhinga    
Raptors (inc. Vultures)     Rails & allies    Cranes    Shorebirds

Jaegers, Gulls, Terns, Skimmer    Pigeons & Doves    Parakeets & Parrots    Cuckoos & Allies    Owls 

Nighthawk & Nightjar    Swifts    Hummingbirds    Trogon & Kingfishers    Woodpeckers

Other Links:

Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in North America, including Texas

A Complete List & a Photo Gallery of North American Birds, north of Mexico, in 6 parts:
Part #1: Grouse to Anhinga    Part #2: Condor to Shorebirds    Part #3: Jaegers to Cuckoos
Part #4: Owls to Flycatchers
    Part #5  Shrikes to Pipits    Part #6: Olive Warbler to Buntings  

Lists of Other Texas Wildlife (each with some photos):

    Butterflies    Dragonflies & Damselflies    Amphibians & Reptiles

Marine Life 
(inc. Fish, Jellyfish, Mollusks (Shells), & Arthropods: Crustaceans & Echinoderms)

Plants of the Desert & Some Nearby Habitats  (with some photos)     

Notes regarding some Texas Plant-Life

Directory of Photos in this Website




  1. Scaled Quail  (*)  ______ c,w  nm   apr  may
    Callipepla squamata pallida

    The populations of the Scaled Quail, in much of its range, has declined rather dramatically in recent years.
    The reasons are not known for sure, but are probably due to changes in land-use practices and the loss of preferred habitat.    

  2. Gambel's Quail  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr  may
    Callipepla g. gambelii

  3. Northern Bobwhite  (nt) (*)  ______ e,s   mar  apr  may
    Colinus virginianus

  4. Montezuma Quail  (*)  ______ apr   
    Cyrtonyx montezumae mearnsi

    Cyrtonyx montezumae
    has historically been called the Harlequin Quail. The subspecies in Texas has been called the "Mearn's Quail".

    The plumage of the male Montezuma Quail is certainly one of the most strikingly patterned of Texas birds.
    The legs and feet of the species are strong and so well adapted to scratch and dig in the hard, rocky ground that is characteristic in the bird's preferred habitat.  

  5. Plain Chachalaca  (ph) (*)  ______ s  (mex)   may
    Ortalis vetula

    Plain Chachalaca
    (photo by Dick Tipton)

  6. "Attwater's" Greater Prairie Chicken (t1) (*)  ______  e
    Tympanuchus cupido attwateri 

    As of 2003, the population of the race of the Greater Prairie Chicken in the Coastal Prairies region of Texas, known as the "Attwater's Prairie Chicken", fell to less than 70 birds.
    Conservation initiatives have been underway, for hopefully the number to increase by the releasing of captive-raised birds into the wild.    

  7. Lesser Prairie Chicken  (t3) (USe) (ph)  ______  n
    Tympanuchus pallidicinctus

    The Lesser Prairie Population population in Texas (and elsewhere) is declining, and the species seems to be imperiled. 
    It is well known that the males display in the spring at leks on their breeding grounds, but not as well known is that they also do, to a lesser extent, in October and November, due to a slightly elevated testosterone level that occurs in the fall.      

  8. Wild Turkey  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c,w  nm  mar  apr  may
    Meleagris galloparo

  9. Common Pheasant  (NAi) (*)  ______ nm
    Phasianus colchicus


  10. Black-bellied Whistling Duck  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c  (mex)   apr  may
    Dendrocygna autumnalis

    As recently as the 1960s, Black-bellied Whistling Ducks were found in Texas only in the Lower Rio Grande Valley and north in Coastal prairies almost to Corpus Christi. The species is now found throughout much of the southern part of the state, and locally as far north as the Dallas-Fort Worth area.

    Black-bellied Whistling Duck
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  11. Fulvous Whistling Duck  ______
    Dendrocygna bicolor

  12. Greater White-fronted Goose  (*)  ______ e
    Anser albifrons

  13. Snow Goose  (ph) (*)  _______ e
    (has been Anser) caerulescens

  14. Ross's Goose  ______
    (has been Anser) rossi

  15. Canada Goose  (*)  ______ e
    Branta canadensis

  16. Cackling Goose  (ph) (*)  ______ e
    Branta hutchunsii

  17. Trumpeter Swan  (nt) (ph)  ______ 
    Cygnus buccinator

    The Trumpeter Swan was once a regular visitor to the eastern two-thirds of Texas until the late 1800s. Now, due to the reintroduction programs in the Midwest, the species has been reappearing in Texas.    

  18. Tundra Swan  ______
    Cygnus columbianus

  19. Muscovy Duck  (ph) (*)  ______ s (mex)
    Cairina moschata    

    The Muscovy Duck is widespread throughout the Neotropics. Prior to 1984, it was not found in Texas. A small population has since become established along the Rio Grande River in Starr and Zapata Counties. 

  20. Wood Duck  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr  may
    Aix sponsa

  21. Gadwall  (ph) (*)  ______ e,w  mar  apr
    Anas strepera

  22. American Wigeon  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c,w  mx  mar  apr
    Anas americana

  23. Eurasian Wigeon  (ph)  ______
    Anas penelope

    The Eurasian Wigeon has occurred in Texas most frequently in the western part of the state. Most of the individuals found in Texas have been alternate-plumaged males.

  24. American Black Duck  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Anas rubripes

  25. Mallard  (ph) (*)  ______   mar  may
    Anas platyrhynchos 

  26. Mexican Duck  (*)   ______ w  mx   apr  may
    Anas platyrhynchos diazi

    The Mexican Duck has been considered conspecific with the Mallard. 

  27. Mottled Duck  (*)  ______ e,s  mx   mar  apr  may
    Anas fulvigula 

    The Mottled Duck is a common resident in Texas along the Coastal Prairies and locally inland to the north-central and northeast portions of the state. 

  28. Blue-winged Teal  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Anas discolors

    Blue-winged Teal
    (photo by Marie Gardner) 

  29. Cinnamon Teal  (*)  ______ s
    Anas cyanoptera

  30. Northern Shoveler  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w  nm,mx   mar  apr  may
    Anas clypeata

  31. Northern Pintail  (ph) (*)  ______ e,w  mar  apr  may
    Anas acita

  32. White-cheeked Pintail  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Anas bahamensis

  33. Garganey  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Anas querquedula

    The Garganey has occurred in Texas just a few times (4). The records have been alternate-plumaged males found during spring migration.  

  34. Green-winged Teal  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c,w   mar  may 
    Anas carolinensis

    The Green-winged Teal of North America has been considered conspecific with the Eurasian Teal, Anas crecca 

    A male Green-winged Teal
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  35. Lesser Scaup  (ph) (*)  ______  mar
    Aythya affinis

  36. Greater Scaup  ______
    Aythya marila 

  37. Ring-necked Duck  (ph) (*)  ______ nm
    Aythya collaris 

  38. Canvasback  (*)  ______
    Aythya valisineria

  39. Redhead  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c,w  mar  apr
    Aythya americana

    A female Redhead
    (photo by Kim Steininger)
  40. King Eider  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Somateria spectabilis

    A subadult male King Eider, in worn plumage, was in Texas in Brazoria County, at Quintana, from April 30 to May 7, 1998. It was captured for rehabilitation. 

  41. Harlequin Duck  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Histrionicus histrionicus 

  42. Surf Scoter  (ph)  ______
    Melanitta perspicillata

  43. White-winged Scoter  (*)  ______  mar
    Melanitta fusca

  44. Black Scoter  (ph)  ______   
    Melanitta americana

    The Black Scoter of North America & eastern Asia has been considered conspecific with the Common Scoter of Europe, Melanitta niger. 

  45. Long-tailed Duck  (t3) (ph)  ______
    Clangula hyemalis

  46. Bufflehead  (ph) (*)  ______ e,w   mar  apr
    Bucephala albeola

  47. Common Goldeneye  (*)  ______
    Bucephala clangula

  48. Barrow's Goldeneye  (TXr)  ______
    Bucephala islandica

  49. Hooded Merganser  (ph) (*)  ______  s  mar
    Lophodytes cucullatus

  50. Red-breasted Merganser  (ph) (*)  ______
    Mergus serrator 

  51. Common Merganser  (ph) ______
    Mergus merganser

  52. Masked Duck  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Nomonyx dominicus 

    Coincidence or not, the occurrence of the Masked Duck in Texas over the years has been highly cyclical. 
    For whatever reason, if for a reason at all, there have been "invasions" about every 20 to 30 years since the 1890s, with only a few scattered records during the intervening periods. The most recent invasion was from 1992 to 1996.       

  53. Ruddy Duck  (ph) (*)  ______ e,w   mar  apr  may
    Oxyura j. jamaicensis

    A female Ruddy Duck
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  54. Common Loon  (*)  ______
    Gavia immer

  55. Red-throated Loon  (ph)  ______
    Gavia stellata

  56. Pacific Loon  (ph)  ______
    Gavia pacifica

  57. Yellow-billed Loon  (TXr)  ______
    Gavia adamsii

    There have only been a few records in Texas (5) of the Yellow-billed Loon. Two of them were at Balmorhea Lake in Reeves County in the western part of the state. . 


  58. Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross  (t2) (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Thalassache chlororhynchos

  59. Black-capped Petrel  (t2) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Pterodroma hasitata 

    The Black-capped Petrel is common in the Gulf Stream off the southeast United States. It is rare in the Gulf of Mexico.
    A bird in July 1997 off Port O'Connor, in Calhoun County, was the second documented record in Texas waters. 

  60. Stejneger's Petrel  (t3) (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Pterodroma longirostris

  61. White-chinned Petrel  (t3) (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Procellaria longirostris

    The White-chinned Petrel is a bird of the oceans of the Southern Hemisphere. An individual that was found on the beach in Galveston County, Texas, on February 27, 1986, was the first record for the species in North America.   

  62. Cory's Shearwater  (ph)  ______
    Calonectris diomedea

  63. Great Shearwater  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Puffinus gravis

  64. Sooty Shearwater  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Puffinus griseus

  65. Manx Shearwater  (TXr)  ______
    Puffinus puffinus

  66. Audubon's Shearwater  (ph)  ______
    Puffinus iherminieri

  67. Wilson's Storm Petrel  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Oceanites oceanicus

  68. Leach's Storm Petrel  (TXr)  ______
    Oceanodroma leucprhoa

  69. Band-rumped Storm Petrel  ______  (has also been called Madeiran or Harcourt's Storm Petrel)
    Oceanodroma castro  


  70. Least Grebe  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   mar  may
    Tachybaptus dominicus

    The Least Grebe is widespread throughout the Neotropics. The northern extent of its range is in Texas, where it prefers small ponds with abundant emergent vegetation.  

  71. Pied-billed Grebe  (*)  ______ e,s,c,w   mar  apr  may
    Podilymbis p. podiceps

  72. Eared Grebe  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr  may
    Podiceps nigricollis californicus

    Another name for Podiceps nigricollis is the Black-necked Grebe. It is so called in the Old World. 

    The Eared, also known as the Black-necked, Grebe
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  73. Red-necked Grebe  (ph) (TXr)  ______
    Podiceps grisegena 

  74. Western Grebe  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr  may
    Aechmophorus occidentalis

    The Western Grebe and the Clark's Grebe (below) were conspecific.  

    Western Grebe

  75. Clark's Grebe  (*)  ______  apr  may
    Aechmophorus clarkii


  76. American White Ibis  (ph) (*)  ______ e   mar  apr  may
    Eudocimus albus

  77. White-faced Ibis  (ph) (*)  ______  e,s,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Plegadis chihi

  78. Glossy Ibis  (ph) (*)   ______  e   may
    Plegadis falcinellus

  79. Roseate Spoonbill  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   mar  apr  may
    Ajaia ajaja

    Two photographs of Roseate Spoonbills,
    an adult
    (above), and a chick on the nest (below)


  80. Wood Stork  (ph)   ______
    Mycteria americana

    Wood Storks
    occur in Texas as postbreeding wanderers from breeding populations in Florida and Mexico. The highest numbers in Texas are between late June and early November.   

  81. Jabiru  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Jabiru mycteria

    The Jabiru has occurred in Texas on only a few occasions. It normally occurs in southern Mexico (rarely) and further south in Central & South America. 
    The vagrants in Texas have been postbreeding wanderers that reached the state between late July and late October.  

  82. American Flamingo  (USr) (TXr) (ph) ______
    Phoenicopterus ruber


  83. American Bittern  (ph) (*)  ______  e
    Botaurus lentiginosus

  84. Least Bittern  (ph) (*)  ______ e   apr
    Ixobrychus exilis

    Least Bittern
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  85. Great Blue Heron  (*)  ______ e,s,c,w   mar  apr  may
    Ardea herodias 

  86. Great Egret  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  mx   mar  apr  may
    (has been Ardea) alba egretta

  87. Snowy Egret  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w  mx   mar  apr  may
    Egretta thula brewsteri

    A Snowy Egret in breeding plumage, with red lores
    (photo by Howard Eskin)  

  88. Little Blue Heron  (ph) (*)  ______ e   mar  apr  may
    Egretta caerulea

  89. Tricolored Heron  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   mar  apr  may
    Egretta tricolor

    A former common name for Egretta tricolor was the Louisiana Heron. 

    Tricolored Heron
    (photo by Kim Steininger)
  90. Reddish Egret  (ph) (*)  ______ e   apr  may   
    Egretta rufescens 

    There are two morphs of the Reddish Egret: white and dark.

  91. Western Cattle Egret  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w  mx    apr  may
    Bubulcus ibis

    The Eastern Cattle Egret, Bubulcus coromandus, occurs in southern & eastern Asia.    

  92. Green Heron  (*)  ______ e,s,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Butorides virescens anthonyi

  93. Black-crowned Night Heron  (*)  ______ e,s,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Nycticorax nycticorax hoactii

  94. Yellow-crowned Night Heron  (ph) (*)  ______ s   may
    Nyctanassa violacea


  95. Red-billed Tropicbird  (ph) ______
    Phaethon aethereus

  96. Magnificent Frigatebird  (ph)  ______  
    Fregata magnificens 

    The only breeding population of the Magnificent Frigatebird in the United States is in Florida. 
    The bird is an uncommon postbreeding wanderer to Texas. A few non-breeding birds can be found as early as April along the Gulf Coast, but most arrive in the late summer and early fall.   

  97. American White Pelican  (ph) (*)  ______  e,s,w   mar  apr  may 
    Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

    American White Pelicans along the Texas Gulf Coast
    (photo by Marc Felber)

  98. Brown Pelican  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w  (rare in west TX)   mar  apr  may
    Pelecanus occidentalis carolinensis

    The Brown Pelican population in Texas dipped so low that there were less than 20 individuals in the state in 1970s. It rebounded, thankfully, due to conservation efforts and the banning of the pesticide DDT.  

  99. Masked Booby  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Sula dactylatra

  100. Blue-footed Booby  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Sula nebouxii

    There was a famous occurrence of a Blue-footed Booby in Texas at Lake Lyndon B. Johnson in Burner/Llano Counties in 1993/94. The bird stayed there for more than a year, during which time it molted into adult plumage. It has been the only occurrence of the species in Texas. 
    The Blue-footed Booby is normally to the west of Texas in the area of the Gulf of California, and elsewhere in the Pacific from Mexico south to Ecuador.      

  101. Brown Booby  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Sula leucogaster

  102. Red-footed Booby  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Sula sula

  103. Northern Gannet  (ph)  ______
    Morus bassanus  


  104. Neotropic Cormorant  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  (mex)   mar  apr  may
    Phalacrocorax brasilianus mexicanus

  105. Double-crested Cormorant  (*)  ______ e,s,w   mar  apr  may
    Phalacocorax a. auritus

  106. Anhinga  (ph) (*)  ______ e   apr
    Anhinga anhinga leucogaster

    RAPTORS (including VULTURES)

  107. Black Vulture  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  mx   mar  apr  may
    Coragyps atratus

  108. Turkey Vulture  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm,mx   mar  apr  may
    Cathartes aura

  109. Northern Crested Caracara  (ph) (*)  ______ s,c  (mex)   mar  may
    Caracara cheriwayi

    Northern Crested Caracara
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  110. American Kestrel  (ph) (*)  ______  e,c,w  mar  apr  may
    Falco s. sparverius

    American Kestrel
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  111. Merlin  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c  mar  apr
    Falco c. columbarius

    A Merlin in flight

  112. Aplomado Falcon (NAri) (NAr) (ph) (*)  ______ s,e  (mex)   mar  may
    Falco femoralis

    Prior to about 1920, the Aplomado Falcon was a summer resident across the brush country of the Trans-Pecos and South Texas.

    A reintroduction project, that began in 1989, has returned this falcon of the grasslands to some of its former haunts. Birds released at the Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge, in Cameron County, were part of the program. 

  113. Peregrine Falcon  (ph) (*)  ______ e   apr
    Falco peregrinus

    A Peregrine Falcon in flight, photographed in Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe) 

  114. Prairie Falcon  (ph) (*)  ______ w
    Falco mexicanus

  115. Gyrfalcon  (TXr)  ______
    Falco rusticollis

    A Gyrfalcon, that faithfully roosted on a water tower in Lubbock from January 22 to April 7, 2002, was the first to be documented in Texas. That record is apparently the southernmost in North America.    

  116. Collared Forest Falcon  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Micrastur semitorquatus

  117. Osprey  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w   mar  apr  may
    Pandion haliaetus carolinensis

  118. Hook-billed Kite  (TXr) (*)  ______ s
    Chondrohierax uncinatus

    The northern edge of the range of the Hook-billed Kite just reaches Texas in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. 
    This raptor feeds primarily on land snails, using the extended hook on the tip of their bill to extract the snail from its shell.   

  119. Swallow-tailed Kite  (ph)  ______
    Elanoides forticatus

    The Swallow-tailed Kite was a common nesting species in eastern Texas until the early 1900s. By 1915, that breeding population had all but disappeared, but during recent decades the species has been found with increasing frequency during the summer in the southeastern quadrant of the state and as migrants elsewhere,    

  120. White-tailed Kite  (ph) (*)  ______ s   may
    Elanus leucurus

  121. Mississippi Kite  (*)  ______ s   may
    Ictinia mississippiensis

  122. Snail Kite  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Rostrhamus sociabilis

  123. Bald Eagle  (ph) (*)  ______ e   may
    Haliaeetus leucocephalus 

  124. Northern Harrier  (ph) (*)  ______  e,s,c,w    mar  apr  may   
    Circus hudsonius

    The Northern Harrier has been considered conspecific with the Hen Harrier of Eurasia, Circus cyaneus.

    A female Northern Harrier
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  125. Sharp-shinned Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______ 
    Accipiter striatus

  126. Cooper's Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c,w   mar  apr  may
    Accipiter cooperi

  127. Northern Goshawk  (TXr)  ______
    Accipiter gentilis

  128. Crane Hawk  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Geranospiza caerulescens 

    There has only been one record of the Crane Hawk in the United States. It was an adult that spent almost 4 months at the Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge in Hidalgo County, during the winter of 1987-88.  

  129. Gray Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______ w   may
    Buteo plagiatus

    The Gray Hawk was merged with the Gray-lined Hawk, Buteo nitida, of southern Central America and South America. 

  130. Common Black Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr
    Buteogallus a. anthracinus

  131. Harris's Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______ s,c,w   apr  may
    Parabuteo unicinctus harrisi

    Another common name for Parabuteo unicinctus is the Bay-winged Hawk. 

  132. Broad-winged Hawk  (NMr) (*)  ______ nm
    Buteo p. platypterus

  133. Red-shouldered Hawk  (*)  ______ s,c  mar  may
    Buteo lineatus

    A Red-shouldered Hawk photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe) 

  134. Swainson's Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm   apr  may
    Buteo swainsoni 
    (monotypic, but with light & dark morphs)

  135. White-tailed Hawk  (*)  ______ e,s  mar  apr  may
    Buteo albicaudatus

    The White-tailed Hawk is widespread throughout the American tropics. Within the United States, it is only found in Texas. 

    The species is well known for preying on small animals fleeing grassland fires, and it responds to smoke indicating the presence of a fire from more than 10 miles away.   

  136. Zone-tailed Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______ w
    Buteo albonotatus

  137. Red-tailed Hawk  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm  mar  apr  may
    Buteo jamaicensis calurus

  138. Short-tailed Hawk  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Buteo brachyurus

  139. Ferruginous Hawk  (nt) (ph)  ______
    Buteo regalis

  140. Rough-legged Hawk  (ph)  ______
    Buteo lagopus

  141. Roadside Hawk  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Buteo magnirostris 

  142. Golden Eagle  (*)  ______ w  nm   apr
    Aquila chrysaetos canadensis


  143. Yellow Rail  ______
    Coturnicops noveboracensis

  144. Black Rail  (*)   ______ may
    Laterallus jamaicensis

  145. Clapper Rail  (ph) (*)  ______ apr  may
    Rallus crepitans 
    (was R. longirostris)

  146. King Rail  (*)  ______ s   may
    Rallus elegans

  147. Virginia Rail  (ph)  ______
    Rallus limicola

  148. Sora  (*)  ______ e,w   mar  apr  may
    Porzana carolina

  149. Paint-billed Crake  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Neocrex erythrops

  150. Spotted Rail  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Pardirallus maculatus

  151. Purple Gallinule  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   mar  may
    Porphyrio martinicus

    A Purple Gallinule photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  152. Common Gallinule  (ph) (*) ______ e,s   mar  apr  may
    Gallinula galeata  

  153. American Coot  (*)  ______ e,s,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Fulica a. americana


  154. Sandhill Crane  (ph) (*)  ______ e   mar
    Grus canadensis

  155. Whooping Crane (t2) (*)   ______ e   mar
    Grus americana  

    Whooping Cranes
    were once widespread along the Texas Gulf Coast. Now, the entire natural population winters in a small section of the central Texas coast, in and near the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge. 
    It has been that way for decades, but now the number of birds is greater that it was in the mid-20th Century. During the winter of 1941-42, after a century of shooting, egg-collecting, and habitat destruction (including the drainage of Gulf Coast marshes to create rice fields) there were only 15 Whooping Cranes spending the winter at Aransas. At that time, that was the entire population of the species in the wild.   

    A family of Whooping Cranes at the Aransas Refuge along the Texas Gulf Coast,
    with the young bird flanked by its two parents 
    (photo by Marc Felber) 


  156. Double-striped Thick-knee  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Burhinus bistriatus

  157. Black-bellied (or Grey) Plover  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    Pluvialis squatarola cynosurae

    Black-bellied Plover
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  158. American Golden Plover  (ph) (*)  ______  mar
    Pluvialis dominica

  159. Snowy Plover  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr
    Charadrius nivosus

    The Snowy Plover was conspecific with the Kentish Plover of Eurasia, Charadrius alexandrinus.

  160. Wilson's Plover  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    Charadrius wilsonia

    Although the Wilson's Plover is often thought of as a strictly coastal breeder in Texas, it has also been found nesting well inland. It has been documented as breeding on saline ponds as far inland as eastern Brooks County in south Texas.   

  161. Semipalmated Plover  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w   apr  may
    Charadrius semipalmatus

    Semipalmated Plover
    (photo by Howard Eskin)
  162. Piping Plover  (t3) (ph) (*)  ______ s   may
    Charadrius melodus

    Piping Plover
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  163. Killdeer  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm,mx   mar  apr  may
    Charadrius v. vociferus

  164. Mountain Plover  (t3) (USneb) (ph)   ______
    Charadrius montanus

    The Mountain Plover population has seriously declined across the species' range. It is now classified as "vulnerable" by Birdlife International. Unlike other species in the Charadrius genus, it is a grassland species, virtually never in wetlands.    

  165. Collared Plover  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Charadrius collaris

    The first Collared Plover in the United States was found in Uvalde, Texas, about 90 miles west of San Antonio. It was at a fish hatchery there in May 1992. 
    The 2nd Collared Plover in the US was also found in Texas, near Hargill, on August 2, 2014.
    The range of the species is throughout Central and South America.

  166. American Oystercatcher  (ph) (*)  ______ s   may
    Haematopus palliatus

    American Oystercatcher
    (photo by Howard Eskin) 

  167. Black-necked Stilt  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w   mar  apr  may
    Himantopus mexicanus 

    The Black-necked Stilt has been considered by some to be conspecific with the nearly-cosmopolitan Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus.

    Black-necked Stilt
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  168. American Avocet  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w   apr  may
    Recurvirostra americana

    American Avocet
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  169. Northern Jacana  (ph) (*)  ______  s
    Jacana spinosa

    Ornithological literature from the late 1800s suggest that the Northern Jacana was a rare resident in Texas in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. 
    During the 1970s, there was a small population in Brazoria County, at Maner Lake. Since then, the species has been a very rare visitor in Texas.      

  170. Greater Yellowlegs  (ph) (*)  ______  e,s,w   mar  apr  may
    Tringa melanoleuca

    Greater Yellowlegs
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  171. Lesser Yellowlegs  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w   mar  apr  may
    Tringa flavipes

  172. Solitary Sandpiper  (*)  ______ e,s   mar  may
    Tringa solitaria cinnamomea

  173. Willet  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w   mar  apr  may
    (formerly Catoptrophorus) s. semipalmatus 

  174. Spotted Redshank  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Tringa erythropus

  175. Wandering Tattler  (TXr)  ______
    Heteroscelus incanus 

    The Wandering Tattler has been known to occur in Texas once. In the spring of 1992, there was one in Galveston.

  176. Spotted Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Actitis macularia

  177. Upland Sandpiper  (*)  ______
    Bartramia longicauda

  178. Whimbrel  (*)   ______ e   mar  may
    Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus

  179. Long-billed Curlew  (nt) (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr  may
    Numenius americanus parvus

  180. Eskimo Curlew  ______  (now assumed to be extinct)
    Numenius borealis

    The last documented record of the Eskimo Curlew in Texas was in 1962, in the Galveston area. There were about 20 accepted records in that area from 1959 to 1962. 
    Eskimo Curlews were formerly regular migrants in Texas in the spring, with records occurring from March 8 to April 23.  

  181. Marbled Godwit  (ph) (*)  ______ e   apr
    Limosa fedoa

  182. Hudsonian Godwit  (ph) (*)  ______ s
    Limosa haemastica

    The Hudsonian Godwit has an elliptical migration route that brings it through Texas during its journey northward, and along the Atlantic seaboard (or even offshore) in the fall.
    As a result, late summer and fall records of the species in Texas are very rare.    

  183. Surfbird  (TXr)  ______
    Aphriza virgata

  184. Ruddy Turnstone  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   mar  apr  may
    Arenaria interpres morinella

    Ruddy Turnstone
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  185. Red Knot  (ph) (*)  ______ s   may
    Calidris canutus rufa

  186. Sanderling  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   mar  apr  may
    Calidris alba rubida

  187. Semipalmated Sandpiper  (*)   ______ e,c   mar   may
    Calidris pusilla

  188. Western Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  ______ e,w   apr  may
    Calidris mauri

  189. Least Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c,w  mar  apr  may
    Calidris minutilla

  190. White-rumped Sandpiper  (ph) (*)   ______ may
    Calidris fuscicollis

  191. Baird's Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  ______ s,w   apr  may
    Calidris bairdii

  192. Pectoral Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  ______ e   may
    Calidris melanotos

  193. Purple Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  ______ e
    Calidris maritima

  194. Dunlin  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    Calidris alpina

  195. Stilt Sandpiper  (ph) (*)  _______ e,s,w   apr  may
    (was Micropalama) himantopus

  196. Red-necked Stint  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Calidris ruficollis

  197. Sharp-tailed Sandpiper  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Calidris acuminata

  198. Curlew Sandpiper  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Calidris ferruginea

  199. Buff-breasted Sandpiper  (nt) (ph) ______ 
    Tryngites subruficollis

  200. Ruff / Reeve  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Philomachus pugnax 

  201. Short-billed Dowitcher  (ph) (*)   ______ e   mar  may
    Limnodromus scolopaceus

  202. Long-billed Dowitcher  (*)  ______ e,s,w   apr  may
    Limnodromus scolopaceus

  203. Wilson's Snipe  (ph) (*)  ______  e  mar
    Gallinago delicata

  204. American Woodcock  (ph)  ______
    Scolopax minor

  205. Wilson's Phalarope  (*)  ______ e,s,w   apr  may
    Phalaropus tricolor

  206. Red-necked Phalarope  (ph)  ______
    Phalaropus lobatus

  207. Red Phalarope  (ph)  ______
    Phalaropus fulicarius


  208. Pomarine Jaeger  (ph)  ______
    Stercorarius pomarinus

  209. Parasitic Jaeger  (ph)  ______
    Stercorarius parasiticus

  210. Long-tailed Jaeger  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Stercorarius longicaudus

  211. Laughing Gull  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   mar  apr  may
    (formerly Larus) atricilla

  212. Franklin's Gull  (ph) (*)  ______ w   may
    (formerly Larus) pipixcan

  213. Little Gull  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Hydrocoloeus (formerly Larus) minutus

  214. Bonaparte's Gull  (ph) (*) ______ e   mar
    (formerly Larus) philadelphia

  215. Black-headed Gull  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Larus) ridibundus

  216. Heermann's Gull  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Larus heermanni

  217. Ring-billed Gull  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c,w   mar  apr  may
    Larus delawarensis

  218. California Gull  (ph) (*)  ______ w   may
    Larus californicus

  219. "American" Herring Gull  (*)  ______ e   mar  apr
    Larus argentatus smithsonianus

  220. Glaucous Gull  (ph) (*)  ______ s   may
    Larus hyperboreus

  221. Black-tailed Gull  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Larus crassirostris

    The Black-tailed Gull is an Asian species that has been found in North America with increasing frequency since the early 1990s. An individual was at Brownsville, in Cameron County, intermittently from mid-February to mid-March in 1999.  

  222. Mew Gull  (TXr)  ______
    Larus canus

  223. Thayer's Gull  (TXr)  ______
    Larus thayeri

  224. Iceland Gull  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Larus glaucoides

  225. Lesser Black-backed Gull  (ph) (*)  ______  e   mar
    Larus fuscus

    The Lesser Black-backed Gull was once considered a very rare visitor in Texas, but that is no longer so. It is now found annually in the state, with most sightings along the coast.  

  226. Slaty-backed Gull  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Larus schistisagus

    Although some predicted that the normally-Asiatic Slaty-backed Gull would eventually be found in Texas, it was surprisingly first found in the state at its southernmost tip - a subadult in Brownsville, in Cameron County, in February 1992. 

  227. Yellow-footed Gull  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Larus livens

  228. Western Gull  (TXr)  ______
    Larus occidentalis

  229. Great Black-backed Gull  (TXr)  (ph)  ______
    Larus marinus

  230. Kelp Gull  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______   
    Larus dominicanus

    The Kelp Gull is normally found in the Southern Hemisphere. But since the 1990s, it has occurred several times along the Gulf of Mexico, as well as in the Caribbean and elsewhere in North America.
    One at South Padre Island, in Kleberg County, in May 1996 was the 3rd accepted record for Texas.    

  231. Sabine's Gull  (ph)  ______    
    Xema sabini

  232. Black-legged Kittiwake  (ph)  ______
    Rissa tridactyla

  233. Gull-billed Tern  (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    (formerly Sterna) nilotica

  234. Caspian Tern  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    (formerly Sterna) caspia

  235. Royal Tern  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   mar  apr  may
    (formerly Sterna) m. maxima

  236. Sandwich Tern  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    (formerly Sterna) sandvicensis acuflavida

  237. Elegant Tern  (TXr)  ______
    Thalasseus (formerly Sterna) elegans

  238. Common Tern  (*)  ______ e,s   mar  may
    Sterna h. hirundo

  239. Forster's Tern  (ph) (*)  ______ e,w   mar  apr  may
    Sterna forsteri

  240. Roseate Tern  (nt) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Sterna dougallii

  241. Arctic Tern  (TXr)  ______
    Sterna paradisaea

  242. Least Tern  (*)  ______ e,s,w   apr  may
    (formerly Sterna) antillarum

  243. Bridled Tern  (ph)  ______
    (formerly Sterna) anaethetus

    The Bridled Tern was found in the 1990s to be of regular occurrence in Texas, often found well offshore in the Gulf of Mexico with Sooty Terns. They often found foraging along floating lines of sargassum or feeding with other pelagic species over schools of tuna and other fish near the surface of the water. 
    One of the first Bridled Terns documented in Texas was offshore from Port Aransas in September 1988.   

  244. Sooty Tern  (ph)  ______
    (formerly Sterna) fuscata 

  245. Black Tern  (ph)  ______
    Chlidonias niger

  246. Brown Noddy  (TXr)  ______
    Anous stolidus  

    The Brown Noddy is a bird of tropical waters. It is extremely rare in Texas. 

    Its flight is strong and swift, resembling that of a Common Nighthawk, and its call is somewhat similar to that of a crow
    The species is long-lived, and recaptured birds from banding have been found to be 23 to 25 years of age,

  247. Black Noddy  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Anous minitus   

  248. Black Skimmer  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   mar  may
    Rynchops niger

    Black Skimmer
    (photo by Howard Eskin)


  249. Common (or Feral) Pigeon (NAi) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Columba livia

  250. Band-tailed Pigeon  (ph) (*)  ______ w
    (formerly Columba) fasciata 

  251. Red-billed Pigeon  (USr)  ______
    (formerly Columba) flavirostris

    The Red-billed Pigeon is widespread in Central America and common in northeastern Mexico. The species barely enters the United States along the Rio Grande in South Texas. Its presence in Texas is continually under threat due to changes in their preferred riparian habitats.  

  252. White-crowned Pigeon  (TXr)  ______
    (formerly Columba) leucocephala

  253. Eurasian Collared Dove (NAi) (*)  ______ e,s,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Streptopelia decaocto

  254. White-winged Dove  (ph) (*)  ______  e,s,c,w  nm,mx   mar  apr  may
    Zenaida asiatica

    A White-winged Dove photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  255. Mourning Dove  (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Zenaida macroura

  256. Inca Dove  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w   apr  may
    (or said by some to be Scardafella) inca  (monotypic)

  257. Common Ground Dove  (ph) (*)  ______ s,c  (mex)   apr  may
    Columbina passerina pallescens

  258. Ruddy Ground Dove  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Columbina talpacoti

    The Ruddy Ground Dove has appeared in Texas in the Lower Rio Grande Valley and in the Trans-Pecos.  

  259. White-tipped Dove  (*)  ______ s  (mex)   may
    Leptotila verreauxi

  260. Ruddy Quail Dove  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Geotrygon montana

    A Ruddy Quail Dove was at the Bentsen-Rio Grande Park, in Hidalgo County, from March 2 to 6, 1996. 


  261. Monk Parakeet  (NAi) (*)  ______  c   may
    Myiopsitta monachus

  262. Green Parakeet  (NAr) (*)  ______ s  (mex)   may
    (formerly Aratinga) holochlora

  263. Red-crowned Amazon (or Parrot) (t2) (NAr) (*)  ______ s  (mex)   may
    Amazona viridigenalis


  264. Yellow-billed Cuckoo  (ph)  (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    Coccyzus americanus

    A Yellow-billed Cuckoo photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  265. Black-billed Cuckoo  ______
    Coccyzus erythroptha

  266. Mangrove Cuckoo  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Coccycus minor

  267. Dark-billed Cuckoo  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Coccycus melacoryphus  

  268. Greater Roadrunner  (ph) (*)  ______ s,w   mar  apr  may
    Geococcyx californianus 

    A Greater Roadrunner photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  269. Groove-billed Ani  (ph) (*)  ______ s  (mex)   may
    Crotophaga suicirostris


  270. American Barn Owl  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr
    Tyto furcata pratincola

    The American Barn Owl has been part of the Barn Owl of Eurasia and Africa, Tyto alba.
    But Tyto furcata is a heavier bird, with a larger and stouter head and body, and with much more powerful talons.

    An American Barn Owl photographed during a FONT tour 
    (photo by Andy Smith)

  271. Flammulated Owl  ______
    (formerly Otus) flammeolus

  272. Western Screech Owl  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr
    (formerly Otus) kennicottii suttoni

  273. Eastern Screech Owl  (ph) (*)  ______ mar  may
    (formerly Otus) asio

  274. Great Horned Owl  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c,w  nm   mar  apr  may   
    Bubo virginanus pallescens

  275. Snowy Owl  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Bubo scandiacus

  276. Northern Pygmy Owl  ______
    Glaucidium gnoma

  277. Ferruginous Pygmy Owl  (USr) (ph)  ______
    Glaucidium brasilianum ridgwayi 
    ("Ridgway's Pygmy Owl")   

    In Texas, the Ferruginous Pygmy Owl is a resident of areas with oaks in the Coastal Sand Plain. It was formerly more widespread in the Lower Rio Grande Valley, but the conversion of native woodlands to agriculture has nearly eliminated the species.   

  278. Elf Owl  (*)  ______ w   apr
    Micrathene w. whitneyi

  279. Burrowing Owl  (ph)  ______
    Athene cunicularia

  280. Mexican Wood Owl  (USr) (TXr)  ______  
    Ciccaba squamulata 

    The Mexican Wood Owl was part of the Mottled Owl, now a South American bird. 

  281. Barred Owl  (ph) (*)  _____ e
    Strix  varia

  282. Spotted Owl  (ph)  ______
    Strix occidentalis lucida  ("Mexican Spotted Owl")

  283. Northern Long-eared Owl  (ph)  ______
    Asio otus

  284. Stygian Owl  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Asio stygius

    One of the most unexpected bird to be documented in Texas has been the Stygian Owl. With both of the Texas records, observers were fortunate to see the birds at their day roosts.
    The second bird in Texas was at the Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park, Hidalgo County, in late December 1996.  

  285. Short-eared Owl  (ph) (*)  _____ e
    Asio flammens

  286. Northern Saw-whet Owl  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Aegolius acadicus


  287. Lesser Nighthawk  (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm,mx   apr  may
    Chordeiles acutipennis

  288. Common Nighthawk  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c   apr  may
    Chordeiles minor

    A Common Nighthawk photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  289. Pauraque  (ph) (*)  ______ e   apr  may
    Nyctidromus albicollis merrilli

    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  290. Chuck-will's-widow  (*)   ______ c   may
    Antrostomus (formerly Caprimulgus) carolinensis

  291. Eastern Whip-poor-will  ______   
    (formerly Caprimulgus) vociferus  

  292. Mexican Whip-poor-will  ______  w
    (formerly Caprimulgus) arizonae

  293. Common Poorwill  (*)  ______ w  nm   apr  may
    Phanaenoptilus n. nuttallii


  294. White-collared Swift  (USr)  (TXr)  ______
    Streptprocne zonaris

  295. Black Swift  (TXr)  ______
    Cypseloides niger

  296. Chimney Swift  (*)  ______ s,c   may
    Chaetura pelagica

  297. White-throated Swift  (*) ______ w  nm,mx   apr  may
    Aeronautes saxatalis


  298. Green Violetear  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Colibri thalassimus 

  299. Green-breasted Mango  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Anthracothorax prevostii

  300. Broad-billed Hummingbird  (ph)  ______
    Cynanthus latirostris

  301. White-eared Hummingbird  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Hylocharis leucotis

  302. Berylline Hummingbird  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Amazilia beryllina

  303. Buff-bellied Hummingbird  (*)  ______ s  (mex)   may
    Amazilia yucatanensis

  304. Violet-crowned Hummingbird  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Amazilia violiceps  

    A Violet-crowned Hummingbird was in a Texas 2010/11 Christmas Bird Count, at the Davis Mountains.

  305. Blue-throated Hummingbird (or Mountain-gem) (ph) (*) _____ w (mex)
    Lampornis clemenciae

  306. Magnificent Hummingbird  (ph)  ______
    Eugenes fulgens

  307. Lucifer Hummingbird (or Sheartail(ph) (*) _____ w  (mex)   apr  may
    Calothorax lucifer 

  308. Ruby-throated Hummingbird  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c   apr  may
    Archilochus colubris

  309. Black-chinned Hummingbird  (ph) (*)  ______ s,c,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Archilochus alexandri 

    A male Black-chinned Hummingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)
  310. Anna's Hummingbird  (ph)  ______
    Calypte anna

  311. Costa's Hummingbird  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Calypte costae

  312. Calliope Hummingbird  (ph)  ______
    (formerly Stellula) calliope

  313. Broad-tailed Hummingbird  (ph) (*)  ______ w  nm   apr  may
    Selasphorus platycercus

  314. Rufous Hummingbird  (ph)  ______
    Selaphorus rufus

  315. Allen's Hummingbird  (ph)  ______
    Selasphorus sasin


  316. Elegant Trogon  (TXr)  ______
    Trogon elegans 

  317. Ringed Kingfisher  (ph) (*)  _____ s
    (formerly Ceryle) torquata

  318. Belted Kingfisher  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c,w  nm   mar  apr
    (formerly  Ceryle) alcyon

  319. Green Kingfisher  (ph) (*)  ______ s,c  (mex)   may
    Chloroceryle americana septentrionalis

    A Green Kingfisher photographed during a FONT tour

  320. Amazon Kingfisher  (USr) (TXr)  _____  
    Chloroceryle amazona

    The first Amazon Kingfisher seen in the United States was in Texas in 2010. It was in Webb County that year from Jan 24 to Feb 3.
    The range of the Amazon Kingfisher is from Mexico south through much of South America to Argentina.


  321. Red-headed Woodpecker  (ph) (*)  _____ e
    Melanerpes erythrocephalus

  322. Acorn Woodpecker  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr  may
    Melanerpes f. formicivorus

  323. Golden-fronted Woodpecker  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w   mar  apr  may
    Melanerpes a. aurifrons

    A Golden-fronted Woodpecker photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  324. Red-bellied Woodpecker  (ph) (*)   ______ c   mar  may
    Melanerpes carolinus

  325. Lewis' Woodpecker  ______
    Melanerpes lewis

  326. Yellow-bellied Sapsucker  (ph) (*)  ______ 
    Sphyrapicus varius

  327. Red-naped Sapsucker  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr
    Sphyrapicus nuchalis

  328. Williamson's Sapsucker  ______
    Sphyrapicus rhyroideus

  329. Red-breasted Sapsucker  (TXr)  ______
    Sphyrapicus ruber 

  330. Ladder-backed Woodpecker  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Picoides scalaris

    Ladder-backed Woodpecker
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  331. Downy Woodpecker  (ph) (*)  ______ c   may
    Picoides pubescens

  332. Hairy Woodpecker  (ph) (*)  ______
    Picoides villosus

  333. Red-cockaded Woodpecker  ( )  ______
    Picoides borealis

    The endangered Red-cockaded Woodpecker is a habitat specialist that requires large tracts of open pine forest with a grassy understory. 
    The species seems to have continued its slow population decline even with careful habitat management.
    The place in Texas with the most is the Sam Houston National Forest in the eastern part of the state.   

  334. Northern Flicker  ______ 
    "Yellow-shafted" Flicker  (*) ______ e
    Colaptes auratus 
    "Red-shafted" Flicker  (*)  ______ w   may
    Colaptes auratus collaris 

  335. Pileated Woodpecker  (ph) (*)  ______  e
    Dryocopus pileatus

  336. Ivory-billed Woodpecker  ______  (species now presumed to be extinct)
    Campephilus principalis

    The Ivory-billed Woodpecker was formerly a resident in the eastern part of Texas, west to the bottomlands of the Trinity River, and along the Gulf Coast west to the Brazos River.
    The three only well-documente
    d records in Texas were in 1885, 1900, and 1904, although there have been 45 other published reports for the state. 


  337. Masked Tityra  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Tityra semifasciata 

  338. Rose-throated Becard  (USr) (TXr) (*)  ______ s
    Pachyrmphus aglaiae

    Rose-throated Becards
    have had a history of sporadic occurrence in Texas in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. They were more regular breeders in the 1970s. Since then, there has not been any successful nesting of the bird in Texas, but there have been attempts that were unsuccessful as well as instances when unmated birds even built the distinctive nest characteristic of the species.     

    A source for much of the information in this list was the "Handbook of Texas Birds", a publication of the Texas Ornithological Society, by Mark W. Lockwood & Brush Freeman, published in 2004. 
    Subsequent information has generally been from internet sources.

    Another source of information here is the book "Rare Birds of North America" by Steve Howell, Ian Lewington, & Will Russell, published in 2014.     

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