PO Box 9021, Wilmington, DE 19809, USA
E-mail: font@focusonnature.com
Phone: Toll-free in USA 1-888-721-3555
 or 302/529-1876


Birds of TEXAS

and some in 
nearby New Mexico 

from Flycatchers to Buntings

Noting those during 
Focus On Nature Tours
with an (*) 

thru 2015

during the months of December, January, 
March, April, and May

(A photo of a male PAINTED BUNTING is in the list below.)


Part 2 of a List of Texas Birds by Armas Hill, with some photos 

402 species of birds have been seen during Focus On Nature tours in Texas & nearby New Mexico



Part 1 of this List of Texas Birds, Quails to Becard


e:   east - along the Gulf Coast, including the areas of Rockport & Aransas 
s:   south - the southern Rio Grande Valley, as far upriver as San Ignacio
c:   central - including areas of Austin, the Edwards Plateau (or "Hill Country") & Fort Clark Springs
w:  west -  including Big Bend National Park, the Davis Mtns area, & lakes near I-10 

nm: in nearby New Mexico
mx: seen across the Rio Grande in Mexico

  a mostly "Mexican species" that occurs in Texas 
                (some of these birds are also common further south in the tropics)

(USe):          endemic to the United States 
(USqe):        quasi (or nearly) endemic to the United States
(USeb):        endemic-breeder in the United States 
(USneb):      near-endemic breeder in the United States
(NAi):           species introduced into North America
(USri):          re-introduced species into the United States
(USr):           rare in the United States 
(TXr):           rare in Texas
(NMr):          rare in New Mexico

(t): a globally threatened or rare species, designated by Birdlife International
      (t1): critical   (t2): endangered   (t3): vulnerable
(nt): a near-threatened species globally

(ph):  species with a photo in the FONT website  

Birds seen during FONT tours in Texas and/or New Mexico in:
March:    mar
April:      apr
May:       may

Links to Bird Groupings in this List:

Flycatchers    Shrikes    Vireos    Corvids    Waxwings & Allies    Chickadees & Titmice

Verdin    Martins & Swallows    Bushtit    Lark    Kinglets    Wrens    Gnatcatchers

Nuthatches & Creeper    Thrashers    Thrushes    Pipits    Olive Warbler    Finches

Warblers    Blackbirds, Orioles & Allies    Sparrows    Towhees   Tanagers

Seedeater, Grassquit, Olive Sparrow    Dickcissel, Cardinal, Grosbeaks, Buntings   

Other Links: 

Upcoming FONT Birding & Nature Tours in Texas

A Complete List & a Photo Gallery of North American Birds, north of Mexico, in 6 parts:
Part #1: Grouse to Anhinga    Part #2: Condor to Shorebirds    Part #3: Jaegers to Cuckoos  
Part #4: Owls to Flycatchers
    Part #5  Shrikes to Pipits    Part #6: Olive Warbler to Buntings  

Lists of Other Texas Wildlife  (each with some photos): 

     Butterflies      Dragonflies & Damselflies     Amphibians & Reptiles

Marine Life  (inc. Fish, Jellyfish, Mollusks (Shells), & Arthropods: Crustaceans & Echinoderms)

Plants of the Desert & Some Nearby Habitats  (with some photos)

Notes regarding some Texas Plant-Life

A Directory of Photos in this Website

Black-capped Vireo, a Texas bird specialty



  1. Northern Beardless Tyrannulet  ______
    Camptostoma imberbe

    The Northern Beardless Tyrannulet is the smallest flycatcher found in the United States. Its song. however, is surprisingly loud and quite different than that of any of the similar appearing Empidonax flycatchers.
  2. Greenish Elaenia  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Mytopagis viridicata

  3. Northern Tufted Flycatcher  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Mitrephanes phaeocercus

    The Northern Tufted Flycatcher has occurred a few times in Texas (and once in Arizona). Otherwise, this handsome flycatcher of Central & South America is found as far north as the Mexican highlands just south of the US-Mexico border.

    A Northern Tufted Flycatcher was in a Texas 2010/11 Christmas Bird Count, at Big Bend National Park. It was first found in late November 2010.  

  4. Olive-sided Flycatcher  (nt) (*)  ______  e   may
    Contopus cooperi

  5. Greater Pewee  (TXr)  ______
    Contopus [ertinax  

    A Greater Pewee was in a Texas 2010/11 Christmas Bird Count at Santa Ana Refuge in Hidalgo County.

  6. Western Wood Pewee  (*) ______ w   apr
    Contopus sordidulus 

  7. Eastern Wood Pewee  (ph) (*) ______ e,s,c   apr  may
    Contopus virens

  8. Acadian Flycatcher  (*) ______ s   may
    Empidonax virescens

  9. Alder Flycatcher  (*) ______ s   may
    Empidonax alnorum

  10. Willow Flycatcher  (*) ______ s   may
    Empidonax trailii

  11. Least Flycatcher  (*) ______    may 
    Empidonax minimus

  12. Gray Flycatcher  (*) ______ w   apr
    Empidonax wrightii

  13. Dusky Flycatcher  (ph) (*) ______ w
    Empidonax oberholseri

  14. Cordilleran Flycatcher  (*) ______ w  nm   apr  may
    Empidonax occidentalis

    The Cordilleran Flycatcher and the more-westerly Pacific-slope Flycatcher were formerly combined as the Western Flycatcher, Empidonax difficilis. That scientific name is now given to the Pacific-slope Flycatcher.  

  15. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher  ______
    Empidonax flaviventris

  16. Hammond's Flycatcher  ______
    Empidonax hammondii

  17. Buff-breasted Flycatcher  (TXr)  ______
    Empidonax fulvifrons

    During a study of birds in the upper elevations of the Davis Mountains in west Texas, that began in 1999, a breeding pair of Buff-breasted Flycatchers was discovered. That pair returned in subsequent summers.   

  18. Black Phoebe  (*) ______ c,w  nm,mx   apr  may
    Sayornis nigricans

  19. Eastern Phoebe  (ph) (*) ______ e,c   mar  may
    Sayornis phoebe

    An Eastern Phoebe photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe) 

  20. Say's Phoebe  (ph) (*) ______ w  nm,mx   apr  may
    Sayornis saya

  21. Vermilion Flycatcher  (ph) (*) ______ c,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Pyrocephalus rubinus

  22. Ash-throated Flycatcher  (ph) (*) ______ c,w  nm   apr  may
    Myiarchus cinerascens

    Ash-throated Flycatcher
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  23. Great Crested Flycatcher  (ph) (*) ______ e   apr  may
    Myiarchus crinitus

    Great Crested Flycatcher
    (photo by Kim Steininger)

  24. Brown-crested Flycatcher  (*) ______ e,s,w  (mex)   apr  may   
    Myiarchus tyrannulus

    The Brown-crested Flycatcher was, at one time, called the Wied's Crested Flycatcher.  

  25. Dusky-capped Flycatcher  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Myiarchus tuberculifer

  26. Great Kiskadee  (ph) (*) ______ s,c  (mex)   mar  may
    Pilangus sulphuratus

    The Great Kiskadee is a conspicuous and vocal component of the birdlife of South Texas.

    Great Kiskadee
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  27. Social Flycatcher  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Myiozetetes similis

  28. Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher  (TXr)  ______
    Myiodynastes luteiventris

    The Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher only occurs casually in Texas, but it has been found as far east as the Upper Texas Coast. There was a resident pair in Starr County for several years in the 1970s.  

  29. Piratic Flycatcher  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Legatus leucophaius

  30. Tropical Kingbird (NAr) (ph) (*) ______ w  (mex)   may  (uncommon in lower Rio Grande Valley)
    Tyrannus melancholicus

  31. Couch's Kingbird  (ph) (*) ______ s  (mex)  may   (common in lower Rio Grande Valley) 
    Tyrannus couchii

    The Couch's Kingbird can safely be told from the very similar Tropical Kingbird only by its voice. Most Couch's Kingbirds withdraw south from Texas during the winter, while Tropical Kingbirds are permanent residents. 

  32. Cassin's Kingbird  (*) ______ w   apr
    Tyrannus v. vociferans

  33. Western Kingbird  (ph) (*) ______ e,s,c,w  nm,mx   apr  may
    Tyrannus verticalis

    Western Kingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)
  34. Eastern Kingbird  (ph) (*) ______ e,s   apr  may
    Tyrannus tyrannus

  35. Thick-billed Kingbird  (TXr)  ______
    Tyrannus crassirostris

  36. Gray Kingbird  (ph) (TXr)  ______
    Tyrannus dominicensus  

  37. Scissor-tailed Flycatcher  (ph) (*) ______ e,s,c,w  apr  may  (uncommon in west TX)  nm  (rare in New Mexico)
    Tyrannus forficatus

    The elegant Scissor-tailed Flycatcher is a common summer resident in open areas through much of Texas. 

    Above: A Scissor-tailed Flycatcher in flight
    (photo by Kim Steininger)
    Below: A perched Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  38. Fork-tailed Flycatcher  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Tyrannus savana


  39. Loggerhead Shrike  (ph) (*) ______ e,c,w  nm   mar  may
    Lanius ludovicianus excubitorides

    Loggerhead Shrike
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  40. Northern Shrike  (ph)  ______
    Lanius excubitor


  41. White-eyed Vireo  (ph) (*) ______ e,s,c   mar  may
    Vireo griseus

    White-eyed Vireo
    (photo by Dick Tipton)

  42. Bell's Vireo  (nt) (*) ______ w  nm
    Vireo bellii

  43. Black-capped Vireo  (t3) (NAneb) (ph) (*) ______ c   may   
    Vireo atricapillus

    The small breeding range of the Black-capped Vireo is almost all in Texas. A small part of it extends into northern Mexico. 

    Black-capped Vireo
    (photo by Clair de Beuvior)

  44. Gray Vireo  (*) ______ w
    Vireo vicinior

  45. Plumbeous Vireo  (*) ______  
    Vireo plumbeus

    The Plumbeous Vireo was part of the former Solitary Vireo.

  46. Blue-headed Vireo  (ph) (*) ______ e,s,c   may
    Vireo solitarius

    The Blue-headed Vireo was part of the former Solitary Vireo.

    Blue-headed Vireo
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  47. Hutton's Vireo  (*) ______ c,w   mar
    Vireo huttoni

  48. Warbling Vireo  (*) ______ c
    Vireo gilvus

  49. Philadelphia Vireo  (*) ______ e,s
    Vireo philadelphicus

  50. Red-eyed Vireo  (*) ______ s   may
    Vireo olivaceus

  51. Yellow-throated Vireo  ______
    Vireo flavifrons

  52. Cassin's Vireo  ______
    Vireo cassinii

  53. Yellow-green Vireo  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Vireo flavoviridis

    During recent years, a small population of summering or nesting Yellow-green Vireos has been present at the Sabal Palm Sanctuary, the Resaca de la Palma State Park, and occasionally at other places in Cameron County, and more rarely in Hidalgo County. 
    In 2012, there were none at Sabal Palm.
    The similar Red-eyed Vireo does not nest in the Lower Rio Grande Valley.  

  54. Black-whiskered Vireo  (TXr)  ______
    Vireo altiloquus

  55. Yucatan Vireo  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Vireo magister  


  56. Blue Jay  (ph) (*)  ______  c   mar  may
    Cyanocitta cristata

  57. Steller's Jay  (ph)  ______
    Cyanocitta stelleri

  58. Green Jay  (ph) (*) ______ s  (mex)   mar
    Cyanocorax yncas

    What was the southern population of the Green Jay in South America is now called the Inca Jay.

    Green Jay
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  59. Brown Jay  (ph)  ______
    (formerly Cyanocorax) morio

  60. Western Scrub Jay  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w   mar  may
    Aphelocoma californica

    A Western Scrub Jay photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe) 

  61. Mexican Jay  (ph) (*)  ______ w  (mex)
    Aphelocoma wollweberi
    (formerly ultramarina)

  62. Pinyon Jay  (t3) ______
    Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

  63. Clark's Nutcracker  (TXr)  ______
    Nucifraga columbiana

  64. Black-billed Magpie  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Pica hudsonia

  65. American Crow  (*)  ______ c   mar  may
    Corvus brachyrhynchos

  66. Tamaulipas Crow  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Corvus imparatus 

    The Tamaulipas Crow was common in the winter in far-southern Texas at and in the area of the Brownsville Landfill, but recent changes in procedures at that dump with the more rapid covering of trash has resulted in the departure of the species. 
    It has, of late, been extirpated as a breeding species in Texas and in the US.
    A few nested in Brownsville until 2008 when there was the last successful nest, north of the airport. Other nest sites included the airport radar tower, and just east of the airport.
    In 2010, all sightings were at the Brownsville Airport in March - May. 
    From 2011, there have been no records in the Brownsville area.   

  67. Fish Crow  (USe)  ______
    Corvus ossifragus

  68. Chihuahuan Raven  (ph) (*) ______ s,c,w  nm   mar
    Corvus  cryptoleucus

  69. Northern Raven  (ph) (*) ______ c,w  mx   mar  may
    Corvus corax


  70. Cedar Waxwing  (ph) (*) ______ e,w   mar
    Bombycilla garrulus

    Cedar Waxwing
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  71. Bohemian Waxwing  (TXr)  ______
    Bombycilla garrulus

  72. Phainopepla  (ph) (*) ______ w  nm 
    Phainopepla nitens

  73. Gray Silky Flycatcher  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Ptilogonys cinereus


  74. Carolina Chickadee  (USe) (ph) (*) ______ c   mar   may
    (formerly Parus) carolinensis

  75. Mountain Chickadee  (*) ______w
    (formerly Parus) g. gambeli

  76. Tufted Titmouse  (*) ______ e
    (formerly Parus) bicolor

  77. Black-crested Titmouse  (ph) (*) ______  e,s,c,w   mar  may
    (formerly Parus) atricristatus

    The Black-crested Titmouse has been considered conspecific with the Tufted Titmouse. 

    Black-crested Titmouse
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  78. Juniper Titmouse  ______  (very local in west Texas)
    Baeolophus ridgwayii


  79. Verdin  (ph) (*) ______ s,w   mar
    Auriparus flaviceps ornatus


  80. Purple Martin  (ph) (*) ______ e,s,c,w   mar   may
    Progne subis

  81. Gray-breasted Martin  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Progne chalybea

  82. Tree Swallow  (ph) (*) ______ e,s 
    Tachycineta bicolor

    Tree Swallow

  83. Violet-green Swallow  (*) ______ w  nm
    Tachycineta thalassina

  84. Northern Rough-winged Swallow  (ph) (*) ______ e,s,c,w  mx   mar  may
    Stelgidopteryx s. serripennis

    Northern Rough-winged Swallow
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  85. Bank Swallow  (*)  ______  
    Riparia r. riparia

    Another name for Riparia riparia, particularly in Old World, is the Sand Martin.

  86. American Cliff Swallow  (*)  ______ s,c,w  nm   may
    Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
      (5 subspecies can occur in TX)

  87. Cave Swallow  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm   mar  may
    Petrochelidon fulva pallida  

    In recent decades, the Cave Swallow has greatly expanded its breeding range and population in Texas. It once nested only in limestone caves, but now it uses a variety of man-made structures, including bridges and highway overpasses..
    The species is a common to abundant summer resident in the southern half of Texas, north through the Edwards Plateau to the southern Rolling Plains and west through the Trans-Pecos. 
    Some stay in the southern third of the state in the winter, while others migrate away. 

    Cave Swallow
    (photo by Devich Fabotnik)

  88. Barn Swallow  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w nm,mx   mar  may
    Hirundo rustica erythrogaster


  89. American Bushtit  (ph) (*)  ______
    Psaltriparus minimus plumbeus
    (this subspecies: the "Lead-colored Bushtit")
    (Another subspecies occurs in TX: P. m. dimorphicus)


  90. Horned Lark  (ph) (*)  ______ s,w   may
    Eremophila alpestris   

    Horned Lark
    (photo by Howard Eskin)


  91. Golden-crowned Kinglet  (ph) (*)  ______  c
    Regulus satrapa

  92. Ruby-crowned Kinglet  (ph) (*)  ______ w   mar
    Regulus c. calendula

    A Ruby-crowned Kinglet photographed in Wimberley, Texas.
    with, in this photo, the ruby crown easily seen.
    (photo by Rhett Poppe) 


  93. Cactus Wren  (ph) (*)  ______ s,c,w  nm
    Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus guttatus

  94. Rock Wren  (ph) (*)  ______ w  nm
    Salpinctes o. obsoletus

  95. Canyon Wren  (*)  ______ c,w  nm,mx   mar   may
    Catherpes mexicanus

  96. Carolina Wren  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c   mar  may
    Thryothorus indovicianus

    A Carolina Wren photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  97. Bewick's Wren  (*)  ______ s,c,w  nm   mar  may
    Thryomanes bewickii eremophilus 
    (subspecies in west Texas & New Mexico)
    Thryomanes bewickii sadai
    (subspecies in south Texas)

  98. House Wren  (ph) (*)  ______ w
    Troglodytes aedon

  99. Winter Wren  (ph)  ______
    Troglodytes hiemalis

  100. Sedge Wren  (ph) (*)  ______ e
    Cistothorus platensis

  101. Marsh Wren  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w   mar  may
    Cistothorus palustris


  102. Blue-gray Gnatcatcher  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w  nm   mar  may
    Polioptila caerulea obscura

    A Blue-gray Gnatcatcher photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  103. Black-tailed Gnatcatcher  (*)  ______
    Polioptila m. melanura


  104. White-breasted Nuthatch  (ph) (*)  ______
    Sitta carolinensis nelsoni

  105. Brown-headed Nuthatch  (ph) (*)  ______e
    Sitta pusilla

  106. Red-breasted Nuthatch  (ph)  ______
    Sitta canadensis

  107. Pgymy Nuthatch  (ph)  ______
    Sitta pygmaea

  108. Brown Creeper  (ph)  ______
    Certhia americana


  109. Gray Catbird  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c   may
    Dumetella carolinensis

  110. Northern Mockingbird  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm,mx   mar  may  
    Mimus polyglottos

    The Northern Mockingbird is the "state bird" of Texas. 

    Northern Mockingbird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  111. Blue Mockingbird  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Melanotis caerulescens

  112. Brown Thrasher  (ph) (*)  ______ e
    Toxostoma rufum

  113. Long-billed Thrasher  (*)  ______ s,c
    Toxostoma longirostre

  114. Curve-billed Thrasher  (*)  ______ s,c,w  nm
    Toxostoma curvirostre

  115. Crissal Thrasher  (*)  ______
    Toxostoma crissale

  116. Sage Thrasher  (ph)  ______
    Oreoscoptes montanus


  117. European Starling (NAi) (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm   mar  may
    Sturnus vulgaris


  118. Northern Wheatear  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Oenanthe oenanthe


  119. Eastern Bluebird  (ph) (*)  ______ s,c   mar  may
    Sialia sialis

    Eastern Bluebird
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  120. Western Bluebird  (ph) (*)  ______
    Sialia mexicana jacoti

  121. Mountain Bluebird  (ph) (*)  ______ w  
    Sialia currucoides

    A Mountain Bluebird photographed during a FONT tour

  122. Townsend's Solitaire  (*)  ______ w
    Myadestes t. townsendi

  123. Veery  (*)  ______ s,c
    Catharus fuscescens

  124. Gray-cheeked Thrush  (*)  ______ e
    Catharus minimus

  125. Swainson's Thrush  (*)  ______ e,s
    Catharus ustulatus

  126. Hermit Thrush  (ph) (*)  ______ w
    Catharus guttatus

  127. Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Catharus aurantiirostris

  128. Wood Thrush  (*)  ______ s 
    Hylocichia mustelina

  129. Clay-colored Thrush (NAr) (*)  ______ s  (mex)  
    Turdus grayi

    Turdus grayi
    has been called the Clay-colored Robin.

  130. American Robin  (*)   ______  c   mar  may
    Turdus migratorius

  131. Rufous-backed Robin  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Turdus rufopalliatus

    A Rufous-backed Robin was in a Texas 2010/11 Christmas Bird Count, at Laguna Atacosa.   

  132. White-throated Thrush  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Turdus assimilis

    A White-throated Thrush was in a Texas 2010/11 Christmas Bird Count, at Welaco.  

  133. Varied Thrush  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Ixoreus naevius

  134. Aztec Thrush  (USr) (TXr) ______
    Ridgwayii pinicola 


  135. American Dipper  (TXr)  ______
    Cinclus mexicanus


  136. House Sparrow  (NAi) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm,mx   mar  may
    Passer domesticus


  137. American Pipit  (ph) (*)  ______  e,w  mar  
    Anthus rubescens

    Another name for Anthus rubescens is the Buff-bellied Pipit.

  138. Sprague's Pipit  (t3) (*)  ______  e
    Anthus spragueii


  139. Olive Warbler  (TXr) (*)  ______ w
    Peucedramus taeniatus


  140. Pine Grosbeak  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Pinicola enucleator

  141. House Finch  (ph) (*)  ______ s,c,w  nm,mx   mar  apr  may
    (formerly Carpodacus) mexicanus

  142. Purple Finch  (ph)  ______
    (formerly Carpodacus) purpureus

  143. Cassin's Finch  (ph)  ______
    (formerly Carpodacus) cassinii

  144. Red Crossbill  (ph)  ______
    Loxia curvirostra

  145. White-winged Crossbill  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    Loxia leucoptera

  146. Common Redpoll  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    (or Carduelis) flammea

  147. Pine Siskin  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w  apr  may
    (or Carduelis) pinus

  148. Lesser Goldfinch  (ph) (*)  ______ s,c,w  mx   mar  apr  may
    (or Carduelis) psaltria

    A Lesser Goldfinch photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe) 

  149. American Goldfinch  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w   mar  apr  may
    (or Carduelis) tristis

  150. Lawrence's Goldfinch  (TXr)  ______
    (or Carduelis) lawrencei

    The Lawrence's Goldfinch is known to be a regular wanderer east into the southwestern US states, but their invasions rarely include Texas. However, such invasions did reach Texas in the 1950s and mid 1990s. 
    Documented records in Texas go back to 1934. 

  151. Evening Grosbeak  (ph)  ______
    Coccothraustes vespertinus


  152. Blue-winged Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ s   may
    Vermivora pinus

  153. Golden-winged Warbler  (nt) (*)  ______ s   may 
    Vermivora chrysoptera

  154. Tennessee Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    (formerly Vermivora) peregrina

    Tennessee Warbler

  155. Orange-crowned Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ s,w  nm   mar  apr
    (formerly Vermivora) celata orestera

    Orange-crowned Warbler
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  156. Nashville Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w   apr  may
    (formerly Vermivora) ruficapilla

    Nashville Warbler
    (photo by Clair de Beauvior)

  157. Colima Warbler  (nt) (NAr) (*)  ______ w  (mex)   apr  may
    (formerly Vermivora) crissalis

    The only breeding location of the Colima Warbler in the US is in the highlands of west Texas, in the Chisos Mountains. Otherwise, the species occurs exclusively in Mexico.  

  158. Virginia's Warbler  ______
    (formerly Vermivora) virginiae

  159. Lucy's Warbler  ______
    (formerly Vermivora) luciae

  160. Crescent-chested Warbler  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    (formerly Parula) superciliosa

  161. Northern Parula  (ph) (*)  ______ e   mar  apr  may
    (formerly Parula) americana

  162. Tropical Parula  (NAr) (*)  ______ s  (mex)   may
    (formerly Parula) pitiayumi

  163. Yellow Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w  nm   apr  may
    (formerly Dendroica) petechia

  164. Mangrove Warbler  (USr) (TXr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Dendroica) erithachorides

  165. Chestnut-sided Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    (formerly Dendroica) pensylvanica

  166. Magnolia Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    (formerly Dendroica) magnolia

  167. "Audubon's" Yellow-rumped Warbler  (*)  ______w  nm,mx   apr  may
    (formerly Dendroica) coronata auduboni

    "Myrtle" Yellow-crowned Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______  e,s,c   mar
    (formerly Dendroica) c. coronata     

  168. Golden-cheeked Warbler  (t2) (USeb) (*)  ______ c   mar  may
    (formerly Dendroica) chrysoparia

    The Golden-cheeked Warbler is not only an endemic breeder in the US; it is an endemic breeder in Texas.

  169. Black-throated Green Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c   apr  may
    (formerly Dendroica) virens

    Black-throated Green Warbler
    (photo by Clair de Beauvior)

  170. Townsend's Warbler  (*)  ______ w   apr
    (formerly Dendroica) townsendi

  171. Blackburnian Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    (formerly Dendroica) fusca

    Blackburnian Warbler
    (photo by Clair de Beauvior)

  172. Yellow-throated Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ e  apr
    (formerly Dendroica) dominca

    Yellow-throated Warbler
    (photo by Clair de Beauvior)

  173. Pine Warbler  (ph) (*)   ______ c   may
    (formerly Dendroica) palmarum

  174. Bay-breasted Warbler  (*)  ______ s   may
    (formerly Dendroica) castanea

  175. Blackpoll Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______  e   may
    (formerly Dendroica) striata

  176. Black-throated Blue Warbler  ______
    (formerly Dendroica) caerulescens

  177. Hermit Warbler  ______
    (formerly Dendroica) occidentalis

  178. Grace's Warbler  ______
    (formerly Dendroica) graciae

  179. Prairie Warbler  (ph)  ______
    (formerly Dendroica) discolor

  180. Palm Warbler  ______
    (formerly Dendroica) palmarum

  181. Cerulean Warbler  (t3)  ______
    (formerly Dendroica) cerulea

  182. Black-and-white Warbler  (*)  ______ e,s,c   mar  apr  may
    Mniotilta varia

  183. Prothonotary Warbler  (ph)  ______
    Protonotaria citrea

  184. American Redstart  (ph) (*)  ______ s   may
    Setophaga ruticilla

    A female American Redstart 
    (photo by Clair de Beauvior)

  185. Worm-eating Warbler  (*)  ______ s   may
    Helmitheros vermivorus

  186. Swainson's Warbler  ______
    Limnothlypis swainsonii

  187. Ovenbird  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    Seiurus aurocapillus

  188. Northern Waterthrush  (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    (formerly Seiurus) noveboracensis

  189. Louisiana Waterthrush  ______
    (formerly Seiurus) motacilla 

  190. Kentucky Warbler  (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    (formerly Oporornis) formosus

  191. Mourning Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ s   may
    (formerly Oporornis) philadelphia

  192. MacGillivray's Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ nm
    (formerly Oporornis) tolmiei monticola

  193. Common Yellowthroat  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Geothylpis trichas

  194. Gray-crowned Yellowthroat  (NAr) (TXr) (*)  ______ s  (mex)   may
    Geothlypis poliocephala

  195. Connecticut Warbler  (TXr)  ______
    Oporornis agilis

  196. Hooded Warbler  (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    (formerly Wilsonia) citrina

  197. Wilson's Warbler  (*)  ______ s,w  nm,mx   apr  may
    (formerly Wilsonia) pusilla

  198. Canada Warbler  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    (formerly Wilsonia) canadensis

    Canada Warbler

  199. Red-faced Warbler  (TXr)  ______
    Cardellina rubrifrons

  200. Painted Whitestart  (TXr) (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr
    Myioborus p. pictus

    Myioborus pictus
    has been called the Painted Redstart.

  201. Slate-throated Whitestart  (NAr) (TXr)  ______
    Myioborus miniatus

  202. Rufous-capped Warbler  (USr) (TXr) (ph) (*)  ______
    Basileuterus rufifrons

  203. Stripe-crowned Warbler  (USr) (TXr)  ______  
    Basileuterus culicivorus  

    Basileuterus culicivorus
    has been called the Golden-crowned Warbler. 

  204. Yellow-breasted Chat  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm   apr  may
    Icteria virens

    Yellow-breasted Chat
    (photo by Clair de Beauvior)


  205. Bobolink  (ph)  ______
    Dolichonyx oryzivorus

  206. Red-winged Blackbird  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm,mx   mar  apr  may
    Agelaius phoeniceus

  207. Eastern Meadowlark  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w   mar  apr
    Sturnella magna

  208. Western Meadowlark  (*)  ______ c,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Sturnella neglecta

  209. Yellow-headed Blackbird  (ph) (*)  ______ w  nm   apr
    Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

    Yellow-headed Blackbirds can be quite common
    in west Texas and nearby New Mexico in the winter
    (photo by Marie Gardner)

  210. Brewer's Blackbird  (ph) (*)  ______ e,w nm   mar  apr
    Euphagus cyanocephalus

  211. Rusty Blackbird  (ph)  ______
    Euphagus carolinus

  212. Common Grackle  (*)  ______ e,w  nm   apr  may
    Quiscalus quiscula

  213. Great-tailed Grackle  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm,mx   mar  apr  may
    Quiscalus mexicanus

  214. Boat-tailed Grackle  (USe) (ph) (*)  ______ e   mar  may
    Quiscalus major

    A female Boat-tailed Grackle
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  215. Bronzed Cowbird  (*)  ______ e,s,w   apr  may
    Molothrus aeneus

  216. Brown-headed Cowbird  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm,mx   mar  apr  may
    Molothrus ater

  217. Shiny Cowbird  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Molothrus bonariensis

    When Shiny Cowbirds came north into to Caribbean islands, some thought that they would become common in the southeastern United States. It did appear there, but not in any significant number. 
    Occurrences in the US have been as far west as Texas, where the first one found was captured in a cowbird trap at Fort Hood, in Bell County. 
  218. Orchard Oriole  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,w  nm   apr  may
    Icterus spurius

  219. Hooded Oriole  (*)  ______ s,c,w  mx   apr  may
    Icterus cucullatus

    In Texas, Hooded Orioles have a rather patchy distribution. They are most common in the Coastal Sand Plain.
    Individuals of this species in Texas have a much brighter plumage than those occurring further west in the United States.   

  220. Bullock's Oriole  (ph) (*)  ______   may
    Icterus bullockii 

    The Bullock's Oriole was at one time considered conspecific with the Baltimore Oriole (below), and was then called the Northern Oriole.  

    Above: an immature Bullock's Oriole, a male
    Below: an adult Bullock's Oriole, again a male
    (photos by Howard Eskin)

  221. Baltimore Oriole  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    Icterus galbula

    An adult Baltimore Oriole

  222. Altamira Oriole  (*)  ______ s  (mex)   may 
    Icterus gularis

    Icterus gularis
    was, at one time, called the Lichtenstein's Oriole.  

    The pendant nest of the Altamira Oriole is often more than 2 feet long and is reminiscent of the nests of oropendolas that occur in Central and South America,

    The Altamira Oriole is a rather recent addition to the Texas avifauna. More recently, the species has seemed to be declining in the state.       

  223. Audubon's Oriole  (*)  ______ s   mar
    Icterus graduacauda 

    The Audubon's Oriole is a shy and secretive bird of dense woodlands and thickets, its slow, whistled song is unlike that of any other oriole found in the United States. 

  224. Scott's Oriole  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w  nm   apr  may
    Icterus parisorum

    Scott's Oriole
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  225. Black-vented Oriole  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Icterus wagleri

    The Black-vented Oriole has only been documented in Texas on a very few occasions. The first individual that was found in the state returned each summer for several years. The species has occurred at Kingsville, in Kleberg County, 

    A Black-vented Oriole was in a Texas 2010/11 Christmas Bird Count, at Anzalduas-Bentsen.  


  226. Cassin's Sparrow  (*)  ______ w   apr  may
    Peucaea cassinii 
    (formerly Aimophila cassinii)

  227. Bachman's Sparrow  (nt) (USe)  ______
    Peucaea aestivalis 
    (formerly Aimophila aestivalis

  228. Botteri's Sparrow  (TXr) (*)  ______ s   may
    Peucaea botterii 
    (formerly Aimophila botterii)

  229. Rufous-crowned Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Aimophila ruficeps

  230. Chipping Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Spizella passerina

    Chipping Sparrow
    (photo by Doris Potter)

  231. Clay-colored Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w   apr  may
    Spizella pallida

    Clay-colored Sparrow
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  232. Brewer's Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______ w  nm   apr   
    Spizella breweri

    Brewer's Sparrow
    (photo by Rick Greenspun)

  233. Field Sparrow  (ph) (*)   ______  e,c   mar
    Spizella pusilla

    A Field Sparrow photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  234. Black-chinned Sparrow  (*)  ______ w   apr
    Spizella atrogularis

  235. American Tree Sparrow  ______
    Spizelloides  arborea 
    (formerly Spizella arborea)

  236. Vesper Sparrow  (*)  ______ c,w   mar  apr
    Pooecetes gramineus

  237. Lark Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Chondestes grammacus

    Lark Sparrow
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  238. Black-throated Sparrow  (ph) (*) ______ c,w  nm   apr  may
    Amphispiza bilineata

    Another name for Amphispiza bilineata has been the "Desert Sparrow".

  239. Sagebrush Sparrow  (ph)  ______
    (formerly Amphispiza) nevadensis

  240. Lark Bunting  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr
    Calamospiz melanocorys

  241. Savannah Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______ s,c  nm   mar  may
    Passerculus sandwichensis

  242. Grasshopper Sparrow  (ph) (*)   ______ c   may
    Ammodramus savannarum

  243. Baird's Sparrow  (*)  ______ w   apr
    Ammodramus bairdii

  244. Henslow's Sparrow  (nt) (ph) (*)  ______
    Ammodramus henslowi

  245. LeConte's Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______  w   apr  (rare in west Texas)
    Ammodramus leconteii

    LeConte's Sparrow
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  246. Nelson's Sparrow  ______
    Ammodramus nelsoni

  247. Seaside Sparrow  ______
    Ammodramus maritimus 

  248. Fox Sparrow  (*)  ______
    Passerella iliaca

  249. Song Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______ e,c,w   mar  apr 
    Melospiza melodia

  250. Lincoln's Sparrow  (*)  ______ c,w   mar  apr
    Melospiza lincolnii

  251. Swamp Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______ s   may
    Melospiza georgiana

    Swamp Sparrow
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  252. Harris' Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______  c   mar  
    Zonotrichia querula

    Above & below: Harris' Sparrows
    Above: an adult,  below: a fist-winter bird
    (upper photo by Marie Gardner, lower photo by Howard Eskin)

  253. White-crowned Sparrow  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w  nm   mar  apr
    Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii

  254. White-throated Sparrow  ______
    Zonotrichia albicollis

  255. Golden-crowned Sparrow  (TXr)  ______
    Zonotrichia atricapilla 

  256. "Gray-headed" Dark-eyed Junco  (*)  ______ w   apr
    Junco hyemalis caniceps

  257. "Slate-colored" Dark-eyed Junco  (ph)  ______
    Junco hyemalis

  258. "White-winged" Dark-eyed Junco  ______
    Junco hyemalis

  259. "Oregon"  Dark-eyed Junco  ______
    Junco hyemalis

  260. Yellow-eyed Junco  (TXr)  ______
    Junco phaeonotus

  261. McCown's Longspur  (ph)  ______
    (formerly Calcarius) mccownii

  262. Lapland Longspur  (ph)  ______
    Calcarius lapponicus

  263. Smith's Longspur  (ph)  ______
    Calcarius pictus

  264. Chestnut-collared Longspur  (ph)  ______
    Calcarius ornatus   

  265. Snow Bunting  (TXr) (ph)  ______
    (formerly Plectrophenax) nivalis


  266. Green-tailed Towhee  (ph) (*)  ______ w  nm   apr
    Pipilo chlorurus

    A Green-tailed Towhee photographed during a FONT tour
    (photo by Rick Greenspun)

  267. Spotted Towhee  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w   mar  apr  may
    Pipilo maculatus montanus

    A Spotted Towhee photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  268. Eastern Towhee  (ph) (*)  ______
    Pipilo erythrophthalmus   

  269. Canyon Towhee  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w  nm   apr  may
    Pipilo fuscus texanus 

    The Canyon Towhee was formerly with the California Towhee combined as the Brown Towhee.


  270. White-collared Seedeater  (USr) (TXr) (ph) (*)  ______
    Sporophila torqueola

  271. Yellow-faced Grassquit  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Tiaris olivacea

  272. Olive Sparrow  (*)  ______ s  (mex)   may
    Arremonops rufivirgatus


  273. Hepatic Tanager  (*)  ______ w   apr
    Piranga hepatica

  274. Summer Tanager  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm   apr  may
    Piranga rubra

    Above & below: Summer Tanagers photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    Above: a male; below: a female
    (both photos by Rhett Poppe)

    A female Summer Tanager photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  275. Scarlet Tanager  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    Piranga olivacea

    In a tree, a male Scarlet Tanager is like a bright red ornament
    (photo by Doris Potter)

    (photo by Doris Potter)

  276. Western Tanager  (ph) (*)  ______ w   apr  may
    Piranga ludoviciana

    Western Tanager
    (photo by Howard Eskin)

  277. Flame-colored Tanager  (USr) (TXr) (ph) ______
    Piranga bidentata


  278. Dickcissel  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    Spiza americana

  279. Crimson-collared Grosbeak  (USr) (TXr)  ______
    Rhodothraupis celaeno

    The Crimson-collared Grosbeak is normally a bird endemic to northeastern Mexico. It has rarely occurred in Texas. During the winter of 1987-88 there was a notable number in the state, particularly in Cameron County.  

    Crimson-collared Grosbeaks were in Texas 2010/11 Christmas Bird Counts, at Corpus Christi & Weslaco.

  280. Northern Cardinal  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  nm,mx   mar  apr  may
    Cardinalis cardinalis

    A male Northern Cardinal photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  281. Pyrrhuloxia  (ph) (*)  ______ s,w  nm   mar  apr  may
    Cardinalis sinnatus

  282. Rose-breasted Grosbeak  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s   apr  may
    Pheucticus indoviciannus

  283. Black-headed Grosbeak  (*)  ______ w   apr
    Pheucticus m. melanocephalus

  284. Blue Grosbeak  (ph) (*)  ______ c,w  nm   apr  may
    Passerina caerulea interfusa

  285. Indigo Bunting  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w   apr  may
    Passerina cyanea

    Indigo Bunting

  286. Varied Bunting  (*)  ______ w  nm   apr  may
    Passerina v. versicolor  

    The Varied Bunting is closely related to the Painted Bunting and has a very similar song. Another characteristic both specie share is that males do not attain their bright plumage until their second summer. First-summer males look like adult females, but they sing and defend territories.    

  287. Painted Bunting  (ph) (*)  ______ e,s,c,w  mx   apr  may
    Passerina ciris pallidior

    A male Painted Bunting photographed in Wimberley, Texas
    (photo by Rhett Poppe)

  288. Lazuli Bunting  (ph)  ______  
    Passerina amoena

  289. Blue Bunting (USr) (TXr) (ph) (*)  ______ s  (mex)   may
    Cyanocompsa parellina

    The Blue Bunting was first documented in Texas in the early 1980s. The species was an annual visitor in the Lower Rio Grande Valley between 1995 and 2002, and it has been since. Most years, only one or two individuals have been found. 

    A Blue Bunting was in a Texas 2010/11 Christmas Bird Count, at Anzalduas-Bentsen. 

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